University Grant Commission National Eligibility Test Environmental Sciences Syllabus

Code No. : 89 Subject : Environmental Sciences Note :There will be two question papers. Paper-II will cover 50 Multiple Choice Questions (Multiple choice. Matching type, True / False, Assertion-Reasoning type) carrying 100 marks and Paper-III will have two Parts-A and B. Part-A will have 10 short essay type questions (300 words) carrying 16 marks each. There will be one question from each unit with internal choice from the same unit. Total marks will be 160. Part-B will be compulsory and questions will be set from Unit-I to Unit-X. The candidate will attempt one question from Part-B (800 words) carrying 40 marks. Total marks of Paper-III will be 200. Paper-II and Paper-III (Part-A & B) : Unit-I : Definition, principles and scope of Environmental Science. Earth, Man and Environment. Ecosystems, Pathways in Ecosystems. Physico-chemical and Biological factors in the Environment. Geographical classification and zones. Structure and composition of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. Mass and Energy transfer across the various interfaces, material balance. First and Second law of thermodynamics, heat transfer processes. Scale of Meteorology, pressure, temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation and wind. Atmospheric stability, inversions and mixing heights, windroses. Natural resources, conservation and sustainable development. Unit-II : Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry : Stochiometry, Gibb s energy, Chemical potential, chemical equilibria, acid base reactions, solubility product, solubility of gases in water, the carbonate system, unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons, radionuclides.Chemical composition of Air : Classification of elements, chemical speciation. Particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere. Chemical processes for formation of inorganic and organic particulate matter. Thermochemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. Oxygen and ozone chemistry, Chemistry of air pollutants, Photochemical smog.Water Chemistry : Chemistry of water, concept of DO, BOD, COD, sedimentation, coagulation, filtration, Redox potential.Soil Chemistry : Inorganic and organic components of soil, Nitrogen pathways and NPK in soils. ToMc Chemicals in the environment-Air, Water : Pesticides in water. Biochemical aspects of Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, Carbon Monoxide, Os and PAN Pesticides, Insecticides, MIC, carcinogens in the air.Principles of Analytical Methods : Titrimetry, Gravimetry, Colourimetry, Spectrophotometry, Chromatography, Gas Chromatography, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, GLC, HPLC, Electrophoresis. X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, Flame photometry. Unit-III : Definition, Principles and scope of ecology, Human ecology and Human settlement, Evolution, Origin of life and speciation.Ecosystems :Structure and functions, Abiotic and Biotic components, energy flows,

hydrosphere. Types of water.The earth systems and Biosphere : Conservation of matter in various geospheres-lithosphere. Earths major ecosystems terrestrial and aquatic. composition. Origin and composition of seawater.and Population. Droughts. Hotspot s of Biodiversity. Earth s thermal environment and seasons. Groundwater pollution. Wind. Catastrophic geological hazards. Gene pool.Landuse Planning : The landuse plan. solar collectors. bio-energy-energy from biomass and biogas. nuclear energy-fission and fusion. National Parks and Sanctuaries. earthquakes. Geochemical cycles.Environmental implication of energy use. Ecosystems flow of energy and matter. Mobility of trace elements. trace and REE. time and rates of natural cycles. Prediction and perception of the hazards and adjustments to hazardous activities. processing and smelting of minerals. Human use. Microflora of Atmosphere : Air Sampling techniques.Food chains. C02 emissions. Mineral Resources and Environment : Resources and Reserves. Biofertilizer technology. Energy budget of the earth. Oceans as new areas for exploration of mineral resources. Biogeochemica! factors in environmental health. Fossil fuels-classification. Indian Monsoon. Principles of generation of hydroelectric power.Earth s Processes and Geological Hazards : Earths processes.. solar radiation and its spectral characteristics. biomes and climate. physico-chemical characteristics and energy content of coal. Resources of oceans. landslides. Prey-predator relationships. Vermiculture technology. Hydpological cycle. Food web. Community ecology and Parasitism. Ice sheets and fluctuations of sea levels. Population. anaerobic digestion. Hydro and Ocean energy. petroleum and natural gas.Principles of Remote sensing and its application of Environmental Sciences. Strategies for Biodiversity conservation. Ocean ore and recycling of resources. air and thermal pollution. magnetohydrodynamic power. El Nino. Unit-V : Sun as source of energy. Diseases induced by human use of land. energy use pattern in different parts of the world. Possible effects of imbalance of some trace elements. tidal. volcanism and avalanche. Identification of aeroallergens. Methods of site selection and evaluation.Environmental Geochemistry : Concept of major. Soil surveys in relation to landuse planning. Minerals. Climates of India. solar ponds. Ecological Succession. Water Resources and Environment : Global Water Balance. Ocean pollution by toxic wastes. Coexistence in communities-food webs. impacts of large-scale exploitation of Solar. geothermal energy. concept of residence. General relationship between landscape. photovoltaics. Ecological pyramids. Air-borne diseases and allergies. global warming. Common flora and fauna in India :Aquatic : Phytoplankton. Tropical cyclones and Western Disturbances. trace elements and health. . Environmental impact of exploitation. Environmental Biotechnology : Fermentation Technology. Application of GIS in Environmental Management. wind. Human use of surface and groundwaters. Classification of trace elements. Unit-IV : Environmental Geosciences-Fundamental concepts. types and diversity. atmosphere and biosphere. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion. Factors influencing the surface water. Zooplankton and Macrophytes Terrestrial : Forests Endangered and Threatened Species :Biodiversity and its conservation : Definition. Study of floods. radioactive waste and radioactivity from nuclear reactors.

effect of meteorological parameters on noise propagation. Acid Rain.). Different methods of disposal and management of solid wastes (Hospital Wastes and Hazardous Wastes) Recycling of waste material. Generalized approach to impact analysis. Guidelines for Environmental audit. Soil microorganisms and their functions.Environmental Policy Resolution.Hazardous Wastes Management and Handling Rules. fungicides and weedicides in soil. Resource Management. Rural planning and landuse pattern. Impact Assessment Methodologies.Environment protection-issues and problems. EIA guidelines 1994. Concept and strategies of sustainable development. Noise : Sources of noise pollution. Public Policy Strategies in Pollution Control. Base line information and predictions (land. Different kinds of synthetic fertilizers (NP & K) and their interactions with different components of soil. Marine : Sources of marine pollution and control. SPM. Environmental impact Statement and Environmental Management Plan.Unit-VI : Air : Natural and anthropogenic sources of pollution.Radioactive and Thermal Pollution. Environmental priorities in India and sustainable development. Urban planning for India. animals. Soil : Physico-chemical as bacteriological sampling as analysis of soil quality. . their interactions with soil components. Restoration and rehabilitation technologies. Motor Vehicle Act 1988. atmosphere. Transport and diffusion of pollutants. Legislation. Effects of pollutants on human beings. Cost-Benefit analysis. Methods of monitoring and control of air pollution SOz. Noise exposure levels and standards. Water quality standard. Criteria employed for disposal of pollutants in marine system-coastal management. Physico-chemical and Bacteriological sampling and analysis of water quality. Provision of Constitution of India regarding Environment (Article 48A and 58A). chemical composition and classification. CO. materials and on climate. degradation of different insecticides. etc. NOx. Waste minimization technologies. 1974 as amended up to 1988 and Rules 1975. plants. Unit-VII : Introduction to environmental impact analysis. water. Air Quality Standards. Unit-VIII : Sources and generation of solid wastes. 1989. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Landuse policy for India. Procedure for reviewing Environmental impact analysis and statement. Noise control and abatement measures. International and National efforts for Environment Protection. Gas laws governing the behaviour of pollutants in the atmosphere. Standards. sewage and waste water treatment and recycling. Introduction to Environmental planning. their characterization. 1987 and Rule 1982. Primary and Secondary pollutants. Wildlife Protection Act. energy.Water : Types. Notification of Government of India. Industrial waste effluents and heavy metals. sources and consequences of water pollution. Impact of noise on human health. Soil Pollution Control. 1972 amended 1991. Disaster Management and Risk analysis. measurement of noise and Indices. Forest Conservation Act. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Indian Forests Act (Revised) 1982. 1980. 1981 as amended by Amendment Act.

Soil Erosion. Distribution-Normal. Almetti Dam. matrices. Tehri Dam. moments. Waste disposal. Rain water harvesting. sampling. . Approaches to development of models. Global Environmental problems-ozone depletion. simultaneous linear equations. Goitre. Context : Narmada Dam. Formation and reclamation of Usar. linear simple and multiple regression models. Leslie s matrix model. Epidemiological issues (e. Environmental Ethics and Global imperatives. Alkaline and Saline Soil. Geometric and Harmonic means. Public Liability Insurance Act.g. Waste lands and their reclamation. Fluorosis. t and x* Poisson and Binomial. Environmental Hazards.The Environment (Protection) Act. Depletion of Nature resources. Unit-X : Environmental Education and Awareness. Eutrophication and restoration of Indian lakes. 1986 and Rules 1986. validation and forecasting. global warming and climatic change.Introduction to environmental system analysis. Gaussian plume model. recycling and power generation. Probability. point source stream pollution model. Vehicular pollution and urban air quality. Fly ash utilization. Arithmetic. Desertification and its control. Biodiversity conservation and Agenda-21.. Models of population growth and interactions-Lotka-Volterra model. Arsenic).Scheme of labelling of environmentally friendly products (Ecomark). Unit-IX : Basic elements and tools of statistical analysis. Water Crises-Conservation of water. box model. Wet lands conservation. Current Environmental issue in India. tests of hypothesis and significance. measurement and distribution of attributes. 1991 and Rules 1991.