IS C472- GIS Second Semester 2010-11 Assignment 3 Geo-referencing Geo-referencing Geo-referencing defines the location

of a dataset using known map coordinates and assigns a coordinate system. This allows for the dataset to be viewed, queried, and analyzed with other geographic data. Typically in a GIS environment such as ArcMap, raster datasets (such as images) are geo-referenced using a control layer. This layer contains known coordinates and is used as a point of reference for the geo-referencing process. How to do geo-referencing in ArcGIS 10.0? Open Google earth and locate the BITS pilani campus and take the image and store it in desktop folder Assignment3 as Pilani.jpg Open an empty ArcMap 10. Click on taskbar of ArcMap 10 and tick on the Geo-referencing tool Add the image to be geo-referenced-pilani.jpg Add the bits_pilani.tif [desktop/gis_data] as control layer. Make sure that the layer list box is set to the image that is to be geo-referenced (pilani.jpg). • Begin by clicking the Add Control Points button. • Select a point (permanent spatial features) on the image and match it to a point on the control layer [first click on pilani.jpg and corresponding point on control layer] • Continue adding the control points until the desired level of accuracy has been achieved. The image will update automatically if Auto Adjust is enabled. After adding four control points an RMS error can be calculated for each point. The RMS error measures the accuracy of the control points and can be used to find inaccurate entries. A permanent transformation can be applied by Rectifying the image. To Rectify the image, click on Geo-referencing- Rectify and specify the Output path and filename as desktop\assignment3\[last3digitsofid.jpg] The image will be transformed and a new raster will be created.
Exercise-1 Take the image of your home from google earth and geo-reference the image. [Reference slide: GIS Assignment-3] Show the RMS error of your rectified image………………………. Define projection for the rectified image [refer slide] -------------------------IS C472 Geographical Information Systems lab Page 1

Import coordinate system from rectified image of your house.shp for a distance of 500 m.shp.GIS Second Semester 2010-11 Assignment 4 Digitization Digitization To digitize feature from the image. Add the names of roads in the attribute table. hospital and temple [nearest from your house] from the rectified image. Right click on the folder. create a new shapefile. Identify the features from myhome. ---------------IS C472 Geographical Information Systems lab Page 2 . Provide snap tolerance (max 10 pixels). Buffer: Create buffer for myhome. Shapefile corresponds to vector data.IS C472. Go to editor tool bar and click snapping.shp that lie with in the buffer of roads. Line: Create a new shapefile road.shp 1) Roads connecting your home and nearest hospital 2) Roads connecting your home and nearest school [Try different tools split. school. Point: Add the shape file in ArcMap 10 and go to editor for start editing.shp and add in ArcMap 10.shp. Create the following shapefiles Add the rectified image of your house from Google earth[assignment-3].shp. Use the option snapping for digitizing the features. Polygon: Digitize any area feature that is significant in your image. new shapefile and specify point and name it as myhome. Digitize the following features in the shapefile road. Add the details of feature in the attribute table. trim extend etc] Digitization errors: Over shoot Undershoot Check the overshoot/undershoot present in roads. Before digitization all shapefiles should have proper coordinate system. Launch ArcCatalog from ArcMap and navigate to your folder [desktop/gis_data]. and 500 m for roads. Use TRIM and EXTEND to remove Overshoot and undershoot errors respectively. Digitize the features house. merge. Open attribute table and add the field name and enter the records as names of features in the attribute table.