Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK

Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd

Chromatography Technical Review Version 1.0

The Anatune Clinical Workstation – Technical Review
Part 1 – Vitamin D

Paul H. Roberts, Anatune Ltd. Hardwick, Cambridgeshire, UK.

Outline

• Simple to operate push button end to end solution.
• Maximises productivity with minimal operator intervention improving data
quality
• System features a sample capacity of 96 sample vials.
• 96 Batch cycle time of twelve hours and fifty five minutes
• Automated addition of deuterated standards and reagents
• Automated protein crash
• Automated sample clean-up using C8 Solid Phase Extraction
• Direct injection and analysis by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass
Spectrometry
• Vitamin D consumables and method start-up kit included with purchase
• Full training and instrument support available to get you started

Introduction

The monitoring of vitamin D levels in patients is important for the
prevention and control of disease. Vitamin D, specifically 25-hydroxy
vitamin D (25-OH D) plays a critical role in regulating calcium and
phosphorus levels in the body. If these levels are not adequately controlled,
bone mineralization conditions, such as rickets in children or osteoporosis in
adults may occur. Recent studies identifying a role for vitamin D in
prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease have generated renewed
interest in monitoring vitamin D levels in serum also. 25-OH D is a
hydrophobic, fat soluble vitamin that is absorbed like a fat in the intestines.
25-OH D also promotes reabsorption of calcium in the kidneys. It is
commonly used to diagnose conditions that interfere with fat absorption,
such as Crohn's disease.
Vitamin D is produced in the skin of humans as D3, and by plants,
invertebrates and fungus as D2. These forms are very similar and differ only
in one methyl group and a double bond (Figure 1). Vitamin D3,
cholecalciferol is derived from the conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol by
sunlight (ultraviolet B and radiation) in the skin. Vitamin D2, ergocalciferol
which is the form found in many nutritional supplements is derived mainly
from plants, ergocalciferol can be synthetically produced by UV irradiation
of the fungal sterol, ergosterol. In general blood circulating levels of vitamin
D3 are higher than those of vitamin D2. Each form is metabolized by the
liver to its 25-hydroxy derivative which is the active form. Measurement of
25-OH D the most abundant vitamin D metabolite in the circulation is the
single best indicator of nutritional vitamin D status. This is due to its long
serum half-life (approximately 3 weeks) and because the hepatic 25-
hydroxylation step is unregulated. Both 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3 are
measured in serum and are collectively referred to as vitamin D in studies. It
is critical that assays be capable of measuring total circulating vitamin D
(D2 and D3). Traditionally, competitive binding experiments and
immunoassays have been used to measure vitamin D. However, the cross-
reactivity of the antibodies used in these assays can be less than 100 %, and
the results may not reflect total D2 and D3. More recently, liquid
chromatography tandem mass spectrometry has gained acceptance as the
method of choice due to its ability to reliably quantify both vitamin D forms.

Existing sample preparation techniques include liquid/liquid extraction with
hexane or heptane; this generally is then followed by a drying step and
reconstitution in LC mobile phase. Other techniques include both offline and




online solid phase extraction (SPE). Offline SPE generally involves large
volumes of solvents and much user processing. Whereas online SPE coupled
directly to LC compromises throughput as samples are processed and
analysed one at a time and the SPE cartridge must be eluted, reconditioned
and re-equilibrated between samples.

Testing for vitamin D deficiency is becoming increasingly important in
hospital clinical laboratories, so a reliable, robust, high throughput method is
needed to offer fast turnaround for medical diagnosis. It is with this in mind
that a fully automated push button end to end solution, the Anatune Vitamin
D Workstation (Figure 2), featuring an automated internal standard addition,
protein precipitation stage, automated centrifugation and supernatant
handling, miniaturized solid phase extraction stage to remove matrix
impurities, all coupled directly to liquid chromatography tandem mass
spectrometry has been developed.







Vitamin D2 Vitamin D3






Figure 1 Structures of vitamins D2 and D3.



















Figure 2 The Anatune Vitamin D Workstation.




Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd

Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS)

The GERSTEL Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS) is more than just a widely
used and highly productive autosampler. The MPS offers more capabilities
for introducing samples into and LC or GC instrument than any other
autosampler, providing unparalleled versatility, ease of use and productivity.
The MPS boats a variety of unique features;

Complete software integration – one method and one sequence list control
the complete system: MPS, LC or GC and mass spectrometer. The
GERSTEL Maestro software is completely integrated with the Agilent
Chemstation or Masshunter software for easy and error free operation.

Modular design, easily upgradeable – Exchangeable MPS syringe modules
enable fast change over between techniques and enable precise liquid
handling operation.

Sample Prep by mouse click- Sample prep steps are easily selected by mouse
click from a drop down menu: Standard addition, dilution, heating, mixing
and centrifugation. Automated sample prep ensures repeatable, just in time
sample preparation for best results and optimal reproducibility

The Anatune CF-100 Centrifuge

The Anatune CF-100 (Figure 3) centrifuge plays an important role in the
Vitamin D Workstation, it is used to vortex samples during solvent protein
precipitation and then to spin down samples prior to SPE. Solvent protein
precipitation is where a water miscible solvent such as methanol, ethanol,
acetone or acetonitrile is added to a protein solution to cause the proteins to
precipitate out. These proteins are then separated from the residual liquid
using centrifugation, leaving the supernatant suitable for further sample
processing or analysis.
The CF-100 was designed by Anatune as an add on accessory for the Gerstel
Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS) autosampler, The CF-100 centrifuge features
full hardware and software integration with the Gerstel MPS using Maestro
software. Control of the CF-100 is via Gerstel Maestro software which
means it can be integrated into any Chemstation or Masshunter sequence.
The Gerstel Maestro prep-ahead software eliminates instrument idle time
since the next sample is prepared during the previous sample analysis.
External control lines permit the centrifuge to be started and stopped
automatically. The centrifuge rotor comes to rest in exactly the same
position every time, enabling vial addition and removal using the MPS
robotic Z head, in a fully automated fashion. The CF-100 uses the magnetic
transport features of the MPS to move vials to and from the rotor. The
centrifuge features a hardware safety interlock which prevents the MPS
gaining access to the rotor whilst it is still turning.

The centrifuge can independently switch between vortex and centrifuge and
is capable of adjustable speed up to 3000 rpm.

Mounting
Legs for MPS


Perspex
Saftey
Cover

Keypad



Figure 3 The Anatune CF-100 centrifuge and Perspex safety cover.

As part of the vitamin D protocol proteins are precipitated from serum
samples by the addition of zinc sulphate and methanol, the vial is then
centrifuges at 3000 rpm for 1 minute to separate the proteins from the
supernatant. (Figure 4).







Following Before
Centrifugation Centrifugation







Figure 4 Showing the protein precipitate prior and after centrifugation.

The left vial in figure 4 clearly shows the pelletized proteins in the bottom of
the vial and the clear supernatant above, ready for further sample processing,
in this case SPE using Instrument Top Sample Preparation.

Instrument Top Sample Preparation (ITSP)

ITSP from Microliter Analytical Supplies (Figure 5) is a consumable device
designed to automate SPE and filtration on autosamplers such as the Gerstel
MPS. It offers significant benefits over other non-automated SPE
procedures; it reduces variability and improves consistency, reduces the cost
of consumables and solvents, improves efficiency and productivity and
finally reduces risks and errors. The MPS is able to move the ITSP device
anywhere on the autosampler deck enabling flexibility in methodology. ITSP
uses the analytical syringe of the autosampler as a reservoir above a filter or
sorbent material in the case of SPE, the syringe is also used to move the
ITSP device around. The autosampler can use hydraulic pressure of the
syringe to pass sample across the sorbent media in either direction. Solvent
use is minimised due to the small bed volumes of sorbent used, which in
turn leads to the use of small elution volumes to give good concentration
factors in the final extracts


ITSP
Cartridge
Device

96 Position Waste
ITSP Tray Tray





Figure 5 Instrument Top Sample Preparation (ITSP) by Microliter.
In order to implement ITSP on an MPS, a modified needle guide attachment
needs to be fitted to enable correct centering of the needle on the ITSP
cartridges. (Figure 6). The standard ITSP system features a 96 cartridge
capacity, big enough for daily high throughput applications such as Vitamin
D.







Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd







250 µl
Analytical
Syringe



Modified ITSP
Needle Guide



Figure 6 Syringe and modified needle guide.

The ITSP device features an 8 mm crimp top seal manufactured from Teflon
and red rubber, this grips the syringe needle during transport and is crowned
concavely to mate with the self centering modified needle guide attachment.
The ITSP cartridge features a narrow needle guide channel which stabilizes
the device in a vertical orientation during transport, and the sorbent material
or filter membrane is housed in a filter cup at the bottom of the device.
The analytical syringe acts as the standard column reservoir found in other
SPE and filter media formats. The needle penetrates the Teflon rubber
septum and creates a seal so that the sample is forced through the media by
positive pressure when the plunger is depressed.

Instrumentation

Gerstel MPS 2 fitted with 250 µl syringe
Anatune CF-100 Centrifuge
ITSP Hardware Kit
Maestro Version 1.3.7.69 or later.
Agilent 6410 Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer with HotBox and
Multimode Source
Agilent 1200 Series HPLC
G1312B Binary Pump
G1316B Thermostatted Column Compartment SL
G1379B Degasser

Methodology

A Working calibration was prepared by diluting a commercially available
serum calibration 25-OH D2/D3 (Chromsystems, Munchen, Germany) 1 in
2, in 0.9 % saline to produce four calibration levels (Table 1). For sample
preparation 200 µl of serum sample is placed in a standard 2 ml glass
autosampler vial and the vial crimped using a magnetically transportable
crimp cap. The sample is then placed on the vial tray of the MPS.

Cal Level
Analyte µg/L
25-OH D2 25-OH D3
Std_01 3.8 4.7
Std_02 7.6 9.4
Std_03 15.2 18.8
Std_04 30.4 37.5

Table 1 Serum calibration levels.

The following aspects of sample preparation are fully automated, conducted
via the MPS, ITSP or the CF-100. (Figure 8 & 9)

40 µl of internal standard solution (25-OH Vitamin D3-d6 50 ng/ml) is
added to the sample, followed by 200 µl of a 0.2 M zinc sulphate solution to
enhance the sensitivity of the assay. Following this, 500 µl of methanol is
added to the vial to precipitate the proteins. The vial is then moved using
magnetic transport to the CF-100 centrifuge whereby the contents are
thoroughly vortexed for 1 minute to assist in the protein precipitation. The
vial is then centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 1 minute to separate the proteins
from the supernatant.

A 10 mg C8 ITSP SPE cartridge is solvated with 100 µl of methanol and
then equilibrated with 100 µl of HPLC grade water. 500 µl of the
supernatant is then loaded onto the SPE cartridge, before the cartridge is
washed with 100 µl of 60 % methanol in water. The cartridge is then dried
with 250 µl of air. Analytes are eluted with one 100 µl aliquot of methanol
into a 300 µl high recovery vial. The polarity of the final solution is then
adjusted by the addition of 40 µl of HPLC grade water.

Manually add 200ul of plasma sample to a 2ml vial

Add 40ul of ISTD to the sample vial

Add 200ul of ZnSO4 0.2 M

Add 500ul of MeOH

Move Vial to CF100 Vortex / Centrifuge

Vortex Mix for 0.5 Minutes

Condition C8 cartridge with 100ul MeOH

Condition C8 cartridge with 100ul H2O

Centrifuge for 1 Minute

Move Vial back to sample tray

Load 500ul of supernatant from sample vial

Wash cartridge with 100ul 60:40 MeOH:H20

Elute cartridge to new vial with 100ul MeOH

Air push

Add 40ul of H2O to adjust polarity

Figure 8 Flow diagram of Vitamin D extraction.

















Figure 9 Vitamin D Prepsequence.


Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd

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Quantitative Analysis

Sample analysis is fully automated by means of an external injection valve
and loop fitted onto the MPS, 20 µl of extracted sample is injected using the
valve and loop, filled using the analytical syringe. Separation is achieved by
means of an Agilent Eclipse Plus C18 2.1 x 50 mm; 3.5 µm particle size
column. The chromatographic mobile phases consisted of 0.1 % acetic acid
(v/v) in water (eluent A) and 0.1 % acetic acid (v/v) in methanol (eluent B).
A gradient elution was performed from 80 % B to 90 % B in 2 minutes, with
an isocratic hold at 90 % for 0.5 minutes; the column was then equilibrated
to baseline conditions. Column flow rate was 0.5 ml/min throughout the
chromatographic run whilst the column temperature was maintained at 50
°C.

An Agilent 6410B tandem mass spectrometer with multimode source was
used in positive simultaneous ESI/APCI mode. Instrument analysis time was
5.5 minutes per sample using the conditions listed (Table 2)

Parameter 25-OH D2 25-OH D3 25-OH D3-d6
Precursor ion 413.3 401.3 407.3
Product ion (Q) 395.3 383.3 389.3
Product ion (q) 159.1 159.1 159.1
Dwell 50 50 50
Fragmentor (V) 120 120 120
Collision Energy (Q) 5 5 5
Collision Energy (q) 25 25 25

Gas Temp (°C):200
Vaporizer Temp (°C):170 Capillary (v):2500
Corona Current (µA):6 Gas Flow (l/min):5
Nebulizer (psi):40 Charging Voltage (V):2000

Table 2 Selected MS conditions for analysis

Experimental Results

Calibration curves were constructed for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3. Linear
calibrations were achieved from the Chromsystems four point serum
calibration standards. Correlation coefficients of 0.999 and 0.998 were
obtained for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3 respectively Figure 10.






















Figure 10 Calibration Curves for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3

The method was validated by running tri level vitamin D serum controls
obtained from UTAK Laboratories. Dried control materials were
reconstituted with water to provide solutions with target concentrations of 10
and 30 ng/ml for 25-OH D2 (8.5-11.5, 26-35) and 25-OH D3 (9.3-12.7, 26-
36) (Table 3 & 4)

Sample
Analyte
25-OH D2 25-OH D3
QC_Low_01 9.944 10.480
QC_Low_02 9.727 9.512
QC_Low_03 10.672 10.339
QC_Low_04 9.987 10.309
QC_Low_05 9.789 9.951
QC_Low_06 9.277 8.915
QC_Low_07 10.560 9.453
QC_Low_08 10.120 9.840
Average 9.899 9.918
SD 0.455 0.603
% RSD 4.597 6.080

Table 3 Showing results of the low serum control samples.

Sample
Analyte
25-OH D2 25-OH D3
QC_Level1_01 30.620 30.219
QC_Level1_02 31.731 34.045
QC_Level1_03 33.516 33.895
QC_Level1_04 30.834 28.473
QC_Level1_05 29.612 29.055
QC_Level1_06 31.228 33.220
QC_Level1_07 29.126 29.395
QC_Level1_08 29.915 28.495
Average 31.257 31.485
SD 1.313 2.528
% RSD 4.201 8.030

Table 4 Showing the results of the Level 1 serum control samples.

The solid phase extraction provided sample extracts free from matrix
interferences resulting in clean chromatograms in which 25-OH D2 and D3
are the only major components (Figure 11).



25-OH D2




25-OH D3





25-OH D3-D6



Figure 11 Representative chromatogram from Level 1 QC sample.


Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd


Using the comprehensive prep ahead functionality in Maestro the system is
capable of processing 96 samples in twelve hours and fifty five minutes
(Figure 12).

















Figure 12 Prepsequence for 96 samples.

Further Work


In addition to the work undertaken with commercially available UTAK QC’s
and Chromsystems standards, an intercomparison study was undertaken.
One hundred and thirty eight samples were provided by a large hospital
which had previously been extracted and screened using their SPE and LC-
MS/MS procedure.
For the alternative SPE procedure, samples were processed as follows; working
standard in acetonitrile was added to each sample and then mixed to ensure full
protein precipitation. Following centrifugation the supernatant was introduced
onto a Bond Elut C18 cartridge which had previously been solvated and
equilibrated. Following sample loading the cartridge was then washed with 50
% methanol/water and the vitamin D eluted with 10 % tetrahydrofuran in
acetonitrile. The resulting eluate was then dried under a stream of nitrogen gas,
and the residue was reconstituted in 75 % methanol/water. Extracts were then
ready for injection and transferred to the autosampler of the LC-MS/MS system
for analysis.
Results for vitamin D3 are displayed in the graph below (Figure 13) the data
generated by the hospital are plotted against the results achieved using the
Anatune Vitamin D Workstation
























The data shows a good correlation between the two techniques with a
correlation coefficient of 0.8865, indicating the data of the Anatune vitamin
D workstation is comparable with that of the hospital.

Finally, work was undertaken to maximise the sensitivity of the assay by
investigating alternative ionisation techniques, all Anatune data presented
here was acquired using multimode ionisation (MMI), but during this
experiment further data was acquired using dedicated electrospray and
atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation techniques. Briefly, a calibration
standard was extracted using the automated Anatune SPE procedure and
then analysed using the three ionisation techniques, the extracted ion
chromatograms for 25-OH D3 of each technique are plotted in Figure 14 to
compare abundance between the three techniques.






APCI



MMI



ESI



Figure 14 Comparing the three different ionisation techniques.

From the data presented it can be seen that APCI is the most sensitive
ionisation technique whilst ESI is the least sensitive. For 25-OH D3 the area
counts for the following techniques APCI-591846, MMI-423886 and ESI-
234186 were obtained, which show that APCI is over 2.5 times more
sensitive than ESI.

Conclusions

Automation allows a lab to scale up their operation for higher throughput
since sample preparation, SPE extraction and clean up now occurs
automatically during analysis time and can occur 24 hours a day.
Each sample extract is treated in exactly the same way and prepared “just in
time”, potentially important for light and temperature sensitive Vitamin D
samples, improving sample to sample reproducibility when compared to a
manual batch process.
Improved data quality due to the consistency gained by automating liquid
handling for addition of standards, reagents and by the elimination of
manual SPE procedures. Finally sample sequence integration between
sample prep system and analytical system, reducing possible transcription
errors.

References

M.P.George & A Szczesniewksi. Rapid Analysis of Vitamin D in serum
using triple quadrupole LC/MS. Agilent Application Note.

Susan Knox, John Harris, Lisa Calton and A Michael Wallace. A simple
automated solid phase extraction procedure for measurement of 25-
hydroxyvitamin D3 and D2 by liquid chromatography-tandem mass
spectrometry. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 2009;46:226-230.


Anatune Ltd, Broadway House, 149-151 St Neots Road, Hardwick, Cambridge, CB23 7QJ, UK
Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.co.uk Internet: www.anatune.co.uk
Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd


Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank John Mortimer at University Hospital of
Leicester, for his kind assistance and provision of standards used in this
study.

in a fully automated fashion. Broadway House. Complete software integration – one method and one sequence list control the complete system: MPS. Cambridge. The CF-100 centrifuge features full hardware and software integration with the Gerstel MPS using Maestro software. UK Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune. The MPS boats a variety of unique features. Following Centrifugation Before Centrifugation Figure 4 Showing the protein precipitate prior and after centrifugation. it reduces variability and improves consistency. The GERSTEL Maestro software is completely integrated with the Agilent Chemstation or Masshunter software for easy and error free operation. CB23 7QJ.Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS) The GERSTEL Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS) is more than just a widely used and highly productive autosampler. As part of the vitamin D protocol proteins are precipitated from serum Anatune Ltd. The MPS is able to move the ITSP device anywhere on the autosampler deck enabling flexibility in methodology. The Gerstel Maestro prep-ahead software eliminates instrument idle time since the next sample is prepared during the previous sample analysis. a modified needle guide attachment needs to be fitted to enable correct centering of the needle on the ITSP cartridges. The left vial in figure 4 clearly shows the pelletized proteins in the bottom of the vial and the clear supernatant above. The CF-100 was designed by Anatune as an add on accessory for the Gerstel Multi Purpose Sampler (MPS) autosampler. acetone or acetonitrile is added to a protein solution to cause the proteins to precipitate out. These proteins are then separated from the residual liquid using centrifugation. the vial is then centrifuges at 3000 rpm for 1 minute to separate the proteins from the supernatant.co.co. the syringe is also used to move the ITSP device around. The Anatune CF-100 Centrifuge The Anatune CF-100 (Figure 3) centrifuge plays an important role in the Vitamin D Workstation. The standard ITSP system features a 96 cartridge capacity. providing unparalleled versatility. in this case SPE using Instrument Top Sample Preparation. Mounting Legs for MPS Perspex Saftey Cover Keypad Instrument Top Sample Preparation (ITSP) ITSP from Microliter Analytical Supplies (Figure 5) is a consumable device designed to automate SPE and filtration on autosamplers such as the Gerstel MPS. In order to implement ITSP on an MPS. Solvent use is minimised due to the small bed volumes of sorbent used. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd . it is used to vortex samples during solvent protein precipitation and then to spin down samples prior to SPE.anatune. External control lines permit the centrifuge to be started and stopped automatically. Control of the CF-100 is via Gerstel Maestro software which means it can be integrated into any Chemstation or Masshunter sequence. mixing and centrifugation. 149-151 St Neots Road.uk Internet: www. Modular design. dilution. Figure 3 The Anatune CF-100 centrifuge and Perspex safety cover. big enough for daily high throughput applications such as Vitamin D. (Figure 6). improves efficiency and productivity and finally reduces risks and errors. It offers significant benefits over other non-automated SPE procedures. The centrifuge features a hardware safety interlock which prevents the MPS gaining access to the rotor whilst it is still turning.Sample prep steps are easily selected by mouse click from a drop down menu: Standard addition.uk Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. Hardwick. Automated sample prep ensures repeatable. easily upgradeable – Exchangeable MPS syringe modules enable fast change over between techniques and enable precise liquid handling operation. The autosampler can use hydraulic pressure of the syringe to pass sample across the sorbent media in either direction. leaving the supernatant suitable for further sample processing or analysis. The CF-100 uses the magnetic transport features of the MPS to move vials to and from the rotor. ease of use and productivity. enabling vial addition and removal using the MPS robotic Z head. which in turn leads to the use of small elution volumes to give good concentration factors in the final extracts ITSP Cartridge Device 96 Position ITSP Tray Waste Tray Figure 5 Instrument Top Sample Preparation (ITSP) by Microliter. just in time sample preparation for best results and optimal reproducibility samples by the addition of zinc sulphate and methanol. All Rights Reserved. ready for further sample processing. ethanol. heating. reduces the cost of consumables and solvents. The centrifuge can independently switch between vortex and centrifuge and is capable of adjustable speed up to 3000 rpm. ITSP uses the analytical syringe of the autosampler as a reservoir above a filter or sorbent material in the case of SPE. The centrifuge rotor comes to rest in exactly the same position every time. Solvent protein precipitation is where a water miscible solvent such as methanol. Sample Prep by mouse click. The MPS offers more capabilities for introducing samples into and LC or GC instrument than any other autosampler. LC or GC and mass spectrometer. (Figure 4).

followed by 200 µl of a 0. and the sorbent material or filter membrane is housed in a filter cup at the bottom of the device. The ITSP device features an 8 mm crimp top seal manufactured from Teflon and red rubber. 500 µl of methanol is added to the vial to precipitate the proteins. The cartridge is then dried with 250 µl of air. before the cartridge is washed with 100 µl of 60 % methanol in water.anatune. The sample is then placed on the vial tray of the MPS. For sample preparation 200 µl of serum sample is placed in a standard 2 ml glass autosampler vial and the vial crimped using a magnetically transportable crimp cap. Instrumentation Gerstel MPS 2 fitted with 250 µl syringe Anatune CF-100 Centrifuge ITSP Hardware Kit Maestro Version 1.8 7.6 15. Cal Level Std_01 Std_02 Std_03 Std_04 Analyte µg/L 25-OH D2 3. this grips the syringe needle during transport and is crowned concavely to mate with the self centering modified needle guide attachment. 500 µl of the supernatant is then loaded onto the SPE cartridge. Agilent 6410 Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer with HotBox and Multimode Source Agilent 1200 Series HPLC G1312B Binary Pump G1316B Thermostatted Column Compartment SL G1379B Degasser Methodology A Working calibration was prepared by diluting a commercially available serum calibration 25-OH D2/D3 (Chromsystems.5 Minutes Condition C8 cartridge with 100ul MeOH Condition C8 cartridge with 100ul H2O Centrifuge for 1 Minute Move Vial back to sample tray Load 500ul of supernatant from sample vial Wash cartridge with 100ul 60:40 MeOH:H20 Elute cartridge to new vial with 100ul MeOH Air push Add 40ul of H2O to adjust polarity Figure 8 Flow diagram of Vitamin D extraction.2 30. CB23 7QJ. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd .7 9. A 10 mg C8 ITSP SPE cartridge is solvated with 100 µl of methanol and then equilibrated with 100 µl of HPLC grade water.4 25-OH D3 4. Manually add 200ul of plasma sample to a 2ml vial Add 40ul of ISTD to the sample vial Add 200ul of ZnSO4 0. UK Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.8 37.5 Table 1 Serum calibration levels. conducted via the MPS. in 0. Modified ITSP Needle Guide Figure 6 Syringe and modified needle guide. The ITSP cartridge features a narrow needle guide channel which stabilizes the device in a vertical orientation during transport. Anatune Ltd. Cambridge. Broadway House. Analytes are eluted with one 100 µl aliquot of methanol into a 300 µl high recovery vial. The needle penetrates the Teflon rubber septum and creates a seal so that the sample is forced through the media by positive pressure when the plunger is depressed. Following this.2 M zinc sulphate solution to enhance the sensitivity of the assay. The polarity of the final solution is then adjusted by the addition of 40 µl of HPLC grade water.2 M Add 500ul of MeOH Move Vial to CF100 Vortex / Centrifuge Vortex Mix for 0. Germany) 1 in 2. Hardwick.co.250 µl Analytical Syringe 40 µl of internal standard solution (25-OH Vitamin D3-d6 50 ng/ml) is added to the sample. The vial is then centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 1 minute to separate the proteins from the supernatant.3. ITSP or the CF-100.7. (Figure 8 & 9) Figure 9 Vitamin D Prepsequence.co. The analytical syringe acts as the standard column reservoir found in other SPE and filter media formats.4 18.69 or later. The following aspects of sample preparation are fully automated.9 % saline to produce four calibration levels (Table 1). 149-151 St Neots Road. Munchen.uk Internet: www. The vial is then moved using magnetic transport to the CF-100 centrifuge whereby the contents are thoroughly vortexed for 1 minute to assist in the protein precipitation.uk Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

228 29.uk Internet: www.1 % acetic acid (v/v) in water (eluent A) and 0. 25-OH D3 30.309 9.453 9.5-11.3 389. 149-151 St Neots Road. A gradient elution was performed from 80 % B to 90 % B in 2 minutes.918 0. Linear calibrations were achieved from the Chromsystems four point serum calibration standards. 3.1 50 120 5 25 25-OH D3 401. filled using the analytical syringe.3 159.395 28. Sample QC_Level1_01 QC_Level1_02 QC_Level1_03 QC_Level1_04 QC_Level1_05 QC_Level1_06 QC_Level1_07 QC_Level1_08 Average SD % RSD Analyte 25-OH D2 30.1 x 50 mm.727 10.516 30. Anatune Ltd.5 ml/min throughout the chromatographic run whilst the column temperature was maintained at 50 °C. the column was then equilibrated to baseline conditions. 26-35) and 25-OH D3 (9.915 31. Column flow rate was 0.055 33.473 29.277 10. 20 µl of extracted sample is injected using the valve and loop.915 9.731 33. All Rights Reserved.987 9.co.495 31.834 29. The chromatographic mobile phases consisted of 0.3 159.560 10.3 395.uk Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd.480 9. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd .612 31. An Agilent 6410B tandem mass spectrometer with multimode source was used in positive simultaneous ESI/APCI mode.220 29. Hardwick.672 9.5 minutes.951 8. Correlation coefficients of 0.944 9.512 10.895 28.7.998 were obtained for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3 respectively Figure 10.1 50 120 5 25 25-OH D3-d6 407. Cambridge.603 6.anatune.1 50 120 5 25 The method was validated by running tri level vitamin D serum controls obtained from UTAK Laboratories.339 10. Broadway House. with an isocratic hold at 90 % for 0.620 31.201 Capillary (v):2500 Gas Flow (l/min):5 Charging Voltage (V):2000 Table 2 Selected MS conditions for analysis Experimental Results Calibration curves were constructed for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3.030 Table 4 Showing the results of the Level 1 serum control samples.257 1.Quantitative Analysis Sample analysis is fully automated by means of an external injection valve and loop fitted onto the MPS. 25-OH D2 25-OH D3 25-OH D3-D6 Figure 10 Calibration Curves for 25-OH D2 and 25-OH D3 Figure 11 Representative chromatogram from Level 1 QC sample.1 % acetic acid (v/v) in methanol (eluent B).528 8.999 and 0. UK Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.789 9. 2636) (Table 3 & 4) Sample QC_Low_01 QC_Low_02 QC_Low_03 QC_Low_04 QC_Low_05 QC_Low_06 QC_Low_07 QC_Low_08 Average SD % RSD Analyte 25-OH D2 9.5.5 µm particle size column. Separation is achieved by means of an Agilent Eclipse Plus C18 2.5 minutes per sample using the conditions listed (Table 2) Parameter Precursor ion Product ion (Q) Product ion (q) Dwell Fragmentor (V) Collision Energy (Q) Collision Energy (q) Gas Temp (°C):200 Vaporizer Temp (°C):170 Corona Current (µA):6 Nebulizer (psi):40 25-OH D2 413.3-12.126 29.840 9.080 Table 3 Showing results of the low serum control samples.597 25-OH D3 10. Instrument analysis time was 5.120 9.313 4.219 34.899 0. CB23 7QJ.045 33. The solid phase extraction provided sample extracts free from matrix interferences resulting in clean chromatograms in which 25-OH D2 and D3 are the only major components (Figure 11).485 2.3 159.455 4.3 383.co. Dried control materials were reconstituted with water to provide solutions with target concentrations of 10 and 30 ng/ml for 25-OH D2 (8.

a calibration standard was extracted using the automated Anatune SPE procedure and then analysed using the three ionisation techniques. Extracts were then ready for injection and transferred to the autosampler of the LC-MS/MS system for analysis. Conclusions Automation allows a lab to scale up their operation for higher throughput since sample preparation. work was undertaken to maximise the sensitivity of the assay by investigating alternative ionisation techniques. From the data presented it can be seen that APCI is the most sensitive ionisation technique whilst ESI is the least sensitive. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd . John Harris. Figure 12 Prepsequence for 96 samples. potentially important for light and temperature sensitive Vitamin D samples. References M. Hardwick. MMI-423886 and ESI234186 were obtained. SPE extraction and clean up now occurs automatically during analysis time and can occur 24 hours a day.George & A Szczesniewksi.5 times more sensitive than ESI. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 2009.anatune. Each sample extract is treated in exactly the same way and prepared “just in time”. Cambridge. Briefly.P. A simple automated solid phase extraction procedure for measurement of 25hydroxyvitamin D3 and D2 by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Broadway House. The data shows a good correlation between the two techniques with a correlation coefficient of 0. The resulting eluate was then dried under a stream of nitrogen gas. For 25-OH D3 the area counts for the following techniques APCI-591846.co. All Rights Reserved. improving sample to sample reproducibility when compared to a manual batch process. Results for vitamin D3 are displayed in the graph below (Figure 13) the data generated by the hospital are plotted against the results achieved using the Anatune Vitamin D Workstation ESI Figure 14 Comparing the three different ionisation techniques. reducing possible transcription errors. Finally. the extracted ion chromatograms for 25-OH D3 of each technique are plotted in Figure 14 to compare abundance between the three techniques. reagents and by the elimination of manual SPE procedures. which show that APCI is over 2.uk Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. Rapid Analysis of Vitamin D in serum using triple quadrupole LC/MS. CB23 7QJ. Agilent Application Note. Susan Knox. One hundred and thirty eight samples were provided by a large hospital which had previously been extracted and screened using their SPE and LCMS/MS procedure. Following centrifugation the supernatant was introduced onto a Bond Elut C18 cartridge which had previously been solvated and equilibrated. all Anatune data presented here was acquired using multimode ionisation (MMI). UK Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune. Finally sample sequence integration between sample prep system and analytical system.Using the comprehensive prep ahead functionality in Maestro the system is capable of processing 96 samples in twelve hours and fifty five minutes (Figure 12). APCI Further Work MMI In addition to the work undertaken with commercially available UTAK QC’s and Chromsystems standards.co. an intercomparison study was undertaken. Improved data quality due to the consistency gained by automating liquid handling for addition of standards.46:226-230. Following sample loading the cartridge was then washed with 50 % methanol/water and the vitamin D eluted with 10 % tetrahydrofuran in acetonitrile. Lisa Calton and A Michael Wallace. Anatune Ltd. but during this experiment further data was acquired using dedicated electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation techniques. For the alternative SPE procedure. samples were processed as follows.uk Internet: www. indicating the data of the Anatune vitamin D workstation is comparable with that of the hospital.8865. 149-151 St Neots Road. working standard in acetonitrile was added to each sample and then mixed to ensure full protein precipitation. and the residue was reconstituted in 75 % methanol/water.

Cambridge. UK Tel: +44 (0) 1954 212909 Fax: +44 (0) 1954 212908 Email: info@anatune.uk Internet: www. Broadway House.anatune. 149-151 St Neots Road. Hardwick. for his kind assistance and provision of standards used in this study. CB23 7QJ.uk Copyright © 2011 Anatune Ltd. Anatune is a trademark of Anatune Ltd .Acknowledgements The author would like to thank John Mortimer at University Hospital of Leicester. Anatune Ltd. All Rights Reserved.co.co.