PANIMALAR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

TECHNICAL: “ WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSTEM”

-Submitted by-Sibi Shaji Mathews

Development of Windows 7 Goals 3. Features • New and changed features Removed features 4.2008PECCS215 INDEX 1. Marketing Hardware requirements Physical memory limits . Introduction 2.

a redesigned Windows shellwith a new taskbar. Windows Server 2008 R2. Windows 7 was intended to be a more focused. 2009 and reached general retail availability on October 22. including business desktops. incremental upgrade to the Windows line. Unlike its predecessor. Windows Vista. 2009 less than three years after the release of its predecessor. Windows 7 was released to manufacturing on July 22. netbooks. Windows 7's server counterpart. referred to as the Superbar. laptops. with the goal of being compatible with applications and hardware which Windows Vista was not at the time. which introduced a large number of new features. was released at the same time. Presentations given by Microsoft in 2008 focused on multi-touch support. . and performance improvements. tablet PCs. a home networking system called HomeGroup. Windows Vista. and media center PCs.Introduction Windows 7 is the latest release of Microsoft Windows. a series of operating systems produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.

A number of features were cut from Longhorn. Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista) was also restarted. However.Blackcomb was renamed Vienna in early 2006. and thus delayed.Development of Windows 7 Originally. Major features were planned for Blackcomb. Microsoft changed its development priorities. including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. and again Windows 7 in 2007. codenamed "Longhorn. After three major viruses exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in 2003." was announced for 2003. minor release. delaying the development of Blackcomb. putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. in August 2004. an interim. Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb. it was . however. a version of Windows codenamed Blackcomb was planned as the successor to Windows XP (codename Whistler) and Windows Server 2003. By the middle of 2003. In 2008.

build 6519. which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP. At PDC 2008. 2008. On January 7. Other areas did not beat XP. similar to Windows 2000 and Windows XP both having 5. the 64-bit version of the .announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system.x version numbers. On December 27. 2009. According to a performance test by ZDNet. including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing. such as loading documents. The first external release to select Microsoft partners came in January 2008 with Milestone 1. while versioning it as 6. Windows 7 Beta beat both Windows XP and Vista in several key areas. Microsoft demonstrated Windows 7 with its reworked taskbar. including boot and shutdown time and working with files. the Windows 7 Beta was leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. however. There has been some confusion over naming the product Windows 7. Copies of Windows 7 build 6801 were distributed at the end of the conference.1 to indicate its similar build to Vista and increase compatibility with applications that only check major version numbers. the demonstrated taskbar was disabled in this build.

had been made available for download to MSDN and TechNet subscribers in the format of an ISO image. unfinished downloads became unable to complete. which expired on August 1. and Microsoft initially planned for the download to be made available to 2. then again to February 10. The download limit was also extended. access to the downloads was delayed because of high traffic. After February 12.Windows 7 Beta (build 7000) was leaked onto the web.5 million people on this date. build 7000. 2009. initially until January 24. The Beta was to be publicly released January 9. in an interview with Newsweek. People who did not complete downloading the beta had two extra days to complete the download. Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmerannounced the Windows 7 Beta. At CES 2009. However. suggested that this version of Windows would be more "usercentric". Goals Bill Gates. with some torrents being infected with a trojan. Users could still obtain product keys from Microsoft to activate their copies of Windows 7 Beta. 2009. Gates later said that Windows 7 would also .

it displays a thumbnail with any security issues listed. . which replaces Windows Security Center When the action center flag is clicked on.focus on performance improvements. Steven Sinofsky later expanded on this point. to help locate inefficient code paths and to help prevent performance regressions. Features New and changed features The new Action Center. explaining in theEngineering Windows 7 blog that the company was using a variety of new tracing tools to measure the performance of many areas of the operating system on an ongoing basis.

the XPSEssentials Pack and Windows PowerShell being included. there is a feature named Aero Snap. that automatically maximizes a window when it is dragged to the top of the screen. Additionally.Windows 7 includes a number of new features. When a user . support for virtual hard disks. and kernel improvements.. Direct Access. a new version of Windows Media Center. Dragging windows to the left/right edges of the screen allows users to snap documents or files on either side of the screen for comparison between windows. etc. such as advances in touch and handwriting recognition. tablet PCs. Windows 7 adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors (Heterogeneous Multi-adapter). and clicking it a second time restores them. this button is slightly wider to accommodate being pressed with a finger. improved performance on multicore processors . improved media features. and a redesigned Calculator with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes along with unit conversion.improved boot performance. [42] a Gadget for Windows Media Center. In touch-enabled displays such as touch screens. Clicking this button minimizes all windows.

they remain translucent. Instead.moves windows that were maximized using Aero Snap. reduced UAC prompts. Unlike in Windows Vista.3 can be converted and output as xvYCC). . new features to shorten application install times.NETbased WCF web services). AtWinHEC 2008 Microsoft announced that color depths of 30-bit and 48-bit would be supported in Windows 7 along with the wide color gamut scRGB (which for HDMI 1. Windows 7 includes a new networking API with support for building SOAPbased web services in native code (as opposed to . The Windows 7 taskbar. This functionality is also accomplished with keyboard shortcuts. window borders and the taskbar do not turn opaque when a window is maximized with Windows Aero applied. simplified development of installation packages. the system restores their previous state automatically. and improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic Services API. For developers.

Windows Explorer .Internet Spades. resulting in the removal of certain functionalities. which were removed from Windows Vista. some taskbar features. and the Windows Gadget Platform. were restored in Windows 7. New additions to this list of components include Internet Explorer. Windows Media Player. Removed features A number of capabilities and certain programs that were a part of Windows Vista are no longer present or have been changed. Windows Search. These include the classic Start Menu user interface. :Windows 7 will allow users to disable Internet Explorer Users are also able to disable many more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista. Windows 7 includes Internet Explorer 8 and Windows Media Player 12. Windows Media Center. Internet Backgammon and Internet Checkers.

Enterprise for larger businesses and corporations. Hardware requirements . Home Basic for emerging markets. Professional for businesses. Enterprise. the Starter edition has been designed and marketed for lower cost notebooks. Four applications bundled with Windows Vista —Windows Photo Gallery. MARKETING The different editions of Windows 7 have been designed and marketed toward people with different needs. Home Premium for normal home users. Windows Media Player features. Out of the different editions (Starter. Windows Movie Maker. Home Basic. Windows Calendar and Windows Mail — are not included with Windows 7. Home Premium. but applications with mostly similar functionality are instead available for free in a separate package called Windows Live Essentials which can be found on the Microsoft website. and Ultimate). Professional. Windows Ultimate Extras and InkBall. and Ultimate for enthusiasts.features.

Recent PCs meeting the minimum hardware requirements or that run Windows 7 may feature this sticker. Microsoft has released an upgrade advisor that determines if a computer is compatible with Windows 7. only required for Aero) 20 GB of free disk space DVD drive (only to install from DVD/CD Media) HDD free space 16 GB of free disk space Optical drive Physical memory limits .0 (Not absolutely necessary. Requirements for the 32-bit version are similar to that of premium editions of Vista. Microsoft has published the minimum specifications for a system to run Windows 7. Minimum hardware requirements for Windows 7[113] Architecture Processor Memory (RAM) Graphics Card 32-bit 1 GHz x86 processor 1 GB 64-bit 1 GHz x86-64 processor 2 GB DirectX 9 graphics processor with WDDM driver model 1. but are higher for 64-bit versions. Although theNvidia GeForce FX (5xxx) series graphics cards meet the minimum hardware requirement. nVidia has decided not to produce Windows 7 compatible drivers for anything below the GeForce 6 Series.

Maximum limits on physical memory (RAM) that Windows 7 can address vary depending on both the Windows version and between 32-bit and 64-bit versions. . The following table specifies the maximum physical memory limits supported: Physical memory limits for Windows 7 versions[115] Version Windows 7 Ultimate Windows 7 Enterprise Windows 7 Professional Windows 7 Home Premium Windows 7 Home Basic Windows 7 Starter Limit in 32-bit Windows 4 GB 4 GB 4 GB 4 GB 4 GB 2 GB Limit in 64-bit Windows 192 GB 192 GB 192 GB 16 GB 8 GB N/A Conclusion Hence windows 7 will make a great change in life of all those who use windows operating system because of its finest and efficient features.