REPORT ON A VISIT TO A FACTORY Called Rapsang Groups of Industry By William Zou

Subject: A report on a visit to Rapsang Group Industry on 22nd September. Course: BBA 1st Semester. Year: 2008

Martin Luther Christian University Shillong.

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CONTENTS Introduction. Premier Bread Baking Mill. Premier Grinding Flour Mill. Premier Grinding Feed Mill.

Rapsang group industries is a firm where wheat, maize are grind into flour like Maida, Atta, Suzi, Bread flour and in farm feed they grind raw material of different components like oyster shell, fish meal, mustard oil cake, Soya bean flake etc for feeding broiler, pig cattle etc. And the flour like Maida, Atta etc is used for manufacturing bread, sandwich, brown bread, milk bread through various machines. A Rapsang group industry is located in Mawiong near Barapani. This firm sells their products in Shillong and in Tura by trucks from various dealers.

Premier Bread Baking Mill
In this building the bread flour undergoes a series of process on several machines and labor until the processed bread began to take shape and is packed so that these finished products can be sold in the market. There are two types of bread plain bread and milk bread. The difference between these two is the contents of items. Both the process of making is same. Under this the making of bread is shown in series of processes. 1st process: Firstly the flour is put in a machine called the refiner or the clearer where the flour is refine into finer flour after this the flour is put in a large bowl which can hold around 90kg of flour where it is mixed with 10 items like vitamins, sugar, salt, calcium, yeast etc. 2nd process: This mixed flour is then put in a machine called the Mixer where it is mixed with butter and this mixer is spin for 3 minutes. 3rd process: The flour is divided by a machine called the Divider which divides the mixed flour into small pieces which weight 450gm per pieces for 1 bread. 4th process: A machine called Rounder transport the divided pieces by belt from Divider machine and role the mixed flour into small round. 5th process: Here the small rounds of mixed flour is manually put in a small box the size of a bread one by one in a cart called the Oven Tolly. 6th process: The Oven Tolly which contains the bread is put inside the Oven after half hour (1/2 hour). 7th process: The Oven is then turn on and the bread is bake for 25-26 minutes at temperature of 280۫-300۫ Celsius. 8th process: After the bread is baked the Oven Tolly is taken out of the oven and is put outside for cooling down for 3 hours. 9th process: After 3 hours the bread is brought to a machine called the Slicer which slices the bread into 16 pieces per loaves of bread. 10th process: After slicing the bread is then brought to a table where the bread are packed with plastic packing with Golden crust written on it. For plain bread its written plain bread and for milk bread its written milk bread under the letter Golden Crust. In this factory there are 10 labor and 4 expert or technician workers. The work starts from 8am and ends at 5pm. The working hours is around 8 hours and for those working overtime is 16 hours. The workers get wages of Rs1250 and for those expert workers their wages is around Rs1650. For those workers working on daily basis they get Rs50 per day and for the expert or mistry they get Rs60. The firm produces 6000-7000 bread per day. The firm consume 75000 watt per month. The plastic covers are ordered and send from Chennai. The plain bread cost Rs11 and the milk bread cost Rs12 at the bakery while in the market it cost Rs13 for plain bread and Rs15 for milk bread. The list of goods produce by the firm are plain bread which contains 10 items, milk bread which contains 11 items, sandwich which contains 10 items, and brown which contains 5 items. These products are sold in Shillong and Tura region which are transport by trucks by different dealers or the firm itself.

Premier Grinding Flour Mill
In this part of the building the raw material like maize and wheat grains undergoes several processes from one floor to another floor which have different machines for processing in the building. This building is a 5 storey building counting from the ground floor. The functions of each floor are given below. Ground floor: Bucket elevator for lifting up or sucking up the raw material like wheat, maize. First floor: Separator machine which separate husk and grains and on the next room the Milling machine which grind the grains are set in 3 rows with 2 columns. On the first row the grains are grinded and send up to the second floor. On the second row the grains or flour is send down from the second floor and is grinded into finer flour and is send back to the second floor. At last the flour is send down from the second floor to the third row for refining for grinding into fine powder of flour and send back up. Second floor: here the flour which are send up from the first floor or separator machines are refine and grind so that the flour are made much finer and send back down. Third floor: After the grain is powdered the Desternal machine or the plant shifter separate the unwanted or waste like stones etc is separated and removed. Fourth floor: In this floor machine called Intensive Stamper which grinds the grains powder for 24 hours and the after it is grinded it is transfer to the scular or brass machine which does the final cleaning and is transfer to a machine called Air Lock Cyclone which use compress or pressure air which transfer the flour down to the other room of ground floor of the building Ground Floor: In this other room of ground floor where finished products or goods like Maida, atta, suzi and bread flour which have been processed by the machines of the different floors are packed for transportation to markets or for raw material to make bread, sandwich, brown etc. In this building it produces 2% of Suzi, 45% of Maida, 30% of atta and 23% of bread flour the net production everyday.

Premier Grinding Feed Mill
In this factory they produce products like food for farm animals like boiler chicken, boiler chick, pig, cattle, etc. This factory consist of 9 laborers who earns wages of Rs3000 per month, 1 manager who earns Rs4500 and 1 helper who is paid Rs3000 per month. The control board or the bucket where raw material is poured has 50 tons capacity. In a day the factory produces a minimum of 360 bags or the capacity of one and half truck since a truck can carry 240 bags at a time. A bag of goods weight 50 kg. The rate of products per quintal:

Boiler feed:
1). Boiler pre-starter 2). Boiler starter 3). Boiler finisher

1680 1580 1550

Layer feed:
1). Chick mash 2). Grower mash 3). Layer mash 1230 1180 1280 980 1080

Pig feed: Cattle feed:

The Raw material which the factories use for manufacturing the products of this farm animal’s food are: 1). Fish meal. 6). Soya bean flake. 2). Mustard oil cake. 7).oil cake. 3). Maize. 8). Bran. 4) De oil cake. 9). Medicines (different types). 5). Oyster shell. This raw material are mixed accordingly for manufacturing the different types of farm feed or farm food. This factory has a huge machine for manufacturing their products which does all the work after the raw material is fed. The processes of this machine are as under: Firstly the raw material is poured down from the top in the bucket or the first elevator and then it goes down to the Bin where it goes to the grinder and grinds the raw material. After these the material goes to the second elevator and from there it goes to the Bin and this Bin sends the raw material to the mixture machine section where it mixed the raw material properly and thoroughly. After the material is mixed with some items it goes to the Finish Bin. From there the finished goods is packed with bag and is send to the weighing machine where it measure the weigh of the bag for standard weigh. Since this factory works by machines it consume lots of electric and the bills is around Rs19000 per month.

So after visiting Rapsang Group industries we did gain something about the knowledge out there in how they make their bread with different ingredients and materials. By visiting out there in Rapsang industries all of us gain knowledge on how to manage and work with the materials needed and big machine. People working out there are very busy with their own work all day long as they have been put into different responsibility but they had a great spirit accomplishing their work. So we do not only gain knowledge on our journey to investigate their business but also knowing their spirit of hard work and dedication. So this is a small information on making breads and others eatable things for human and animal as well in Rapsang group of industries that is located in umiam near Nehru Park and near Barapani.