Name :Zulham NIS : 0610031502068 Subject : English language

1. What is Network in information technology, a network is a series of points or nodes interconnected by communication paths. Networks can interconnect with other networks and contain subnetworks. 2. Types of Network y LAN - Local Area Network LAN connects network devices over a relatively short distance. A networked office building, school, or home usually contains a single LAN, though sometimes one building will contain a few small LANs (perhaps one per room), and occasionally a LAN will span a group of nearby buildings. In TCP/IP networking, a LAN is often but not always implemented as a single IP subnet. y WAN - Wide Area Network As the term implies, a WAN spans a large physical distance. The Internet is the largest WAN, spanning the Earth. WAN is a geographically-dispersed collection of LANs. A network device called a router connects LANs to a WAN. In IP networking, the router maintains both a LAN address and a WAN address. y Wireless Local Area Network - a LAN based on WiFi wireless network technology y Metropolitan Area Network - a network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN, such as a city. A MAN is typically owned an operated by a single entity such as a government body or large corporation. y Campus Area Network - a network spanning multiple LANs but smaller than a MAN, such as on a university or local business campus. Storage Area Network - connects servers to data storage devices through a technology like Fibre Channel. y System Area Network - links high-performance computers with high-speed connections in a cluster configuration. Also known as Cluster Area Network.

3. Defenition of

Client The client server model of computing is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service. whereas switches usually offer four or more hardware ports. it is copied to the other ports so that all segments of the LAN can see all packets. in different buildings in a campus environment. Server network server is a computer designed to process requests and deliver data to other (client) computers over a local network or the Internet. . Not only should you learn about servers on the Internet. private network servers for business and personal use are also becoming more common. and FTP servers. Traditional bridges. Hub common connection point for devices in a network. providing a path for the exchange of information between different LANs or subnetworks. called clients Gateway network gateway is an internetworking system capable of joining together two networks that use different base protocols. Depending on the types of protocols they support. completely in hardware. Normally. or as a combination of both. Bridge Definition: A bridge device filters data traffic at a network boundary. Examples include Web servers. the backbone's capacity is greater than the networks connected to it. proxy servers. or over wide areas. that also operate at Layer 2. Bridges reduce the amount of traffic on a LAN by dividing it into two segments. support one network boundary. A hub contains multiple ports. called servers. When a packet arrives at one port. A network gateway can be implemented completely in software. A backbone can tie together diverse networks in the same building. and service requesters. Hubs are commonly used to connect segments of a LAN.y y y y y y Backbone A backbone network or network backbone is a part of computer network infrastructure that interconnects various pieces of network. though. Switches are sometimes called "multi-port bridges" for this reason. Bridges serve a similar function as switches. network gateways can operate at any level of the OSI model.

LANs are also typically owned. The Internet is the largest WAN. or home usually contains a single LAN. controlled.Wide Area Network .Wireless Local Area Network .Local Area Network A LAN connects network devices over a relatively short distance. a WAN spans a large physical distance. *A WAN is a geographically-dispersed collection of LANs. the router maintains both a LAN address and a WAN address. Controller Area Network. while the others have gradually emerged over many years of technology evolution. *LAN . the networking industry refers to nearly every type of design as some kind of area network. a LAN is often but not always implemented as a single IP subnet. though sometimes one building will contain a few small LANs (perhaps one per room). In addition to operating in a limited space. A network device called a router connects LANs to a WAN. A networked office building.4. .WLAN . In IP networking. and occasionally a LAN will span a group of nearby buildings.SAN . Note that these network types are a separate concept from network topologies such as bus.MAN .Metropolitan Area Network . or sometimes Small Area Network -CAN . primarily Ethernet and Token Ring. and managed by a single person or organization. school.Wide Area Network As the term implies. Server Area Network. or sometimes Cluster Area Network -PAN .Local Area Network .Campus Area Network. In TCP/IP networking.LAN . WAN .Personal Area Network -DAN . They also tend to use certain connectivity technologies. System Area Network. ring and star.WAN .Storage Area Network. For historical reasons.Desk Area Network LAN and WAN were the original categories of area networks. spanning the Earth. Kinds of network (on article) ! One way to categorize the different types of computer network designs is by their scope or scale. Common examples of area network types are: .

to reach the ISP. WAN and Home Networking Residences typically employ one LAN and connect to the Internet WAN via an Internet Service Provider (ISP) using a broadband modem. you may also commonly see references to these others: Wireless Local Area Network .a network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN. typically a broadband router. Frame Relay and X. The ISP provides a WAN IP address to the modem. All computers on the home LAN can communicate directly with each other but must go through a central gateway. .a network spanning multiple LANs but smaller than a MAN. such as on a university or local business campus. WANs tend to use technology like ATM.A WAN differs from a LAN in several important ways. A MAN is typically owned an operated by a single entity such as a government body or large corporation. *Campus Area Network .links high-performance computers with high-speed connections in a cluster configuration. and all of the computers on the home network use LAN (so-called private) IP addresses. such as a city. *Storage Area Network . *System Area Network . LAN. Most WANs (like the Internet) are not owned by any one organization but rather exist under collective or distributed ownership and management. Also known as Cluster Area Network.25 for connectivity over the longer distances. Other Types of Area Networks While LAN and WAN are by far the most popular network types mentioned.a LAN based on WiFi wireless network technology *Metropolitan Area Network .connects servers to data storage devices through a technology like Fibre Channel.

rather than computer security implemented by software methods. supports source routing and "secure" (privileged port) mounts. This page talks about the software used for the prevention and removal of such threats. Ophcrack is a free open source (GPL licensed) program that cracks Windows passwords by using LM hashes through rainbow tables. detect. . Nmap (Network Mapper) is a security scanner used to discover hosts and services on a computer network. It provides a command and control interface which facilitates the targeting of individual or groups of zombie browsers. This tool will demonstrate the collecting of zombie browsers and browser vulnerabilities in real-time. Unlike promiscuous mode. which is also used for packet sniffing. nfs shell is tool provides user level access to an NFS server. including but not limited to computer viruses. and remove malware. On most computers. thus creating a "map" of the network. including dumping directly from the SAM files of Windows. The Metasploit Project is an open-source computer security project which provides information about security vulnerabilities and aids in penetration testing and IDS signature development RFMON (Radio Frequency Monitor) Injection capable wireless drivers is mode. allows a computer with a wireless network interface controller (NIC) to monitor all traffic received from the wireless network. Example Avira BeEF is a web browser exploitation framework. It's a useful tool to manually check (or show) security problems after a security scanner has detected them.1. 10 Application program and function! 2. The program includes the ability to import the hashes from a variety of formats. Antivirus Program: is used to prevent. ophcrack can crack most passwords within a few minutes. spyware and adware. computer worm. monitor mode allows packets to be captured without having to associate with an access point or ad-hoc network first. over UDP or TCP. trojan horses.location data.

Windows 7. Java ME. 3. iOS. relaying the graphical screen updates back in the other direction. BSD. and picture formats out-of-the-box. and Windows. and serve them over a network. AIFF. It transmits the keyboard and mouse events from one computer to another. Supports WAV. mixing. seperti Internet. Ogg. Features include envelope editing. Blackberry OS.Transfer Protocol (FTP) adalah protokol jaringan standar yang digunakan untuk menyalin file dari satu host ke yang lain melalui jaringan berbasis TCP.  Helix DNA is a project to produce software that can play audio and video media in various formats. Xbox 360. built-in effects and plug-ins. The exceptions are the instant loading mark-up tool Falcon (developed in Flash without using any frameworks) and the instant loading image edit tool Feather (developed in .  The X Multimedia System (XMMS) is a free software audio player very similar to Winamp. and MP3 formats. Mac.x and Zune HD. Mac OS. 10 example of Multimedia Programming !  Audacity is A fast multi-track audio editor and recorder for Linux. Windows Mobile. Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a graphical desktop sharing system that uses the RFB protocol to remotely control another computer. and Windows. Windows CE. aid in producing such media. FTP dibangun pada arsitektur client-server dan menggunakan kontrol terpisah dan koneksi data antara client dan server. Windows Live Messenger (formerly named MSN Messenger) is an instant messaging client created by Microsoft that is currently designed to work with Windows XP (up to Wave 3). S60 on Symbian OS 9.  Tux PaintAviary is a proprietary[1] web-based multi-media application suite that is free to use and currently under development by Worth1000. all with unlimited undo. over a network. XBMC is capable of playing back and streaming all popular video. that runs on many Unix-like operating systems.[1] The client has been part of Microsoft's Windows Live In computing. Windows Vista. They are using the Adobe Flex platform for most of their tools.  XBMC Media Center is a free cross-platform media player software and entertainment system application framework for Linux. [1] FTP pengguna mungkin otentikasi diri menggunakan teks-jelas sign-in protokol tetapi dapat terhubung secara anonim jika server dikonfigurasi untuk memungkinkan itu. audio.

Yahoo!. Low-latency. QQ. Use it like a printer in Word.playing a wide variety of video formats and subtitles. SILC. ICQ. PDFCreator easily creates PDFs from any Windows program.im/about for more information. Gadu-Gadu. Pidgin is a GTK+ instant messaging application for Windows and Unix. and commenting on and bookmarking movie scenes. Jabber/XMPP. MSN. SMPlayer is free software. Includes game linking.    HTML5) and their platform independent photo effect filter sandbox (developed in the cloud). See http://pidgin. It supports AIM. IRC.Released under the terms of the GNU General Public License. so voice from other players comes from the direction of their characters. Bonjour.K-Lite Codec Pack is a collection of audio and video components for Microsoft Windows that enables the operating system and its software to play back various audio and video formats generally not supported by the operating system itself. high-quality voice communication for gamers. NB : all open source application . StarCalc or any other Windows application. and has echo cancellation so the sound from your loudspeakers won't be audible to other players. SMPlayer is a multiplatform multimedia player front-end for MPlayer. SIMPLE and more.