Module 1 Case Assignment

Module 1 Global Politics German Reunification

Abstract

Module 1 Case Assignment In 1993 I had only been out of the state of West Virginia once before. I joined the Army and soon found myself traveling all over the world. . and a drastic drawdown started. After I finished Basic Training I was sent for my first duty assignment. This was also a time where the American Government realized that we no longer needed a lager military to protect our country. I was stationed in Germany at a time of drastic transition. the Berlin Wall had fallen. and East Germany was free of Soviet control. Germany. Baumholder.

Everyone demanding free access from East Berlin to the West. however. unemployment problems. and social structure. serving as a symbol for the Cold War itself. with a free-market system in the West. political system. recognized the historical significance of these events. the economic inequalities fostered by years of separation into the East and West areas have resulted in economic problems for the entire country. For twenty-eight of those years the Berlin Wall. The euphoria and anxiety that surrounded the ninth of November quickly turned to frustration and outright fear for many people in both the former Germanys and around the world. the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) reunited. The new financial issues. others viewed the events with uncertainty. Because the social and economic structure of East and West Germany . and communism. In the following year. Now that the effects of reunification can be seen in Germany. More than just separating Germany. and social concerns of reunification found their roots in the two widely different political and economic structures that had prevailed in the two countries: democracy. enforced the separation of Berlin and stood as a symbol of the separation of Germany into East and West. With the fall of the wall the reunification materialized not only as a possibility but as a certainty. The Autumn Revolution of 1989 culminated in a permanent opening of the wall on 9 November 1989. each with its own currency. In the years immediately following the fall of the Berlin Wall many Germans and non-Germans alike believed the reunification was a positive event in history however. and the millions of people around the world who watched this all on television.Module 1 Case Assignment For nearly forty-five years Germany was divided into two separate countries. the wall also divided the world into East and West sectors. with a staterun economy in the East. the leaders responsible for this change in policy. the masses of East Berliners crossing into West Germany.

The Persian Gulf War and the civil war in the former Yugoslavia involved many of the world's key military powers. however Germany has been very reluctant to involve its military in recent conflicts. These have been excellent tests of how the united Germany will conduct itself militarily. Because Germany responded peacefully tothese two tests. By mid-summer of 1990. In order to build East Germany to the technological level of West Germany.Germany soon will approach a situation in which a little more than one-third of the population must finance the education.Unfortunately. and healthcare benefits of the other two-thirds. Fears that the country would encourage demonstrations of hatred and return to fascism still remain unsubstantiated. The fear that a united Germany would present a military threat centered not so much on the power it could once again hold but more on the atrocities the nation committed during the Second World War.Module 1 Case Assignment differed so greatly at the time Germans expressed anxieties about social and economic dislocation. Ease of occupation for the Allies was the most widely presented reason for dividing the country. but many people feel the country was split to punish it for the Holocaust and to prevent such a tragedy from happening again. . then chances are the world will not have to fear an aggressive German military. subsistence. Perhaps the greatest fears raised about reunification regarded what kind of role a unified Germany would hold in Europe and in the world. This fear surfaced when Germany was initially split into zones. the world hasclosely monitored the actions of Germany. this burden greatly diminished much of the initial enthusiasm the Westerners felt for the prospect of reunification. There were fears that Germany would create another powerful military. Legitimate fears were raised about why the two countries should not reunite. East Germany had a 20 percent unemployment rate. One of the greatest problems of reunification was the economic disruption of East Germany. the West Germans will have to pay an estimated $775 billion over 10 years.

It supports a market-style capitalist economy. because politically. The majority of conflicts that arose from the reunification lay primarily in the cultural sphere.Module 1 Case Assignment It is hard not to characterize the political reunification of Germany as a success. The new government is democratic and it advocates issues and policies which find favor with the western powers and with the rest of the world. . thus providing it with the respect from other nations that they had lost because of the two world wars. unification was a positive boost to the nation and it propelled the new Germany into the international playing ground. which ensures economic growth and prosperity for Germany.

1994) John Borneman.Module 1 Case Assignment References: Konrad H. 1991) Sandra Petrignani. The Rush to German Unity (New York: Oxford University Press. "Agonizing Over Reunification. Inc. After the Wall: East Meets West in the New Berlin (New York: Basic Books." World Press Review (June 1990) .. Inc. Jarausch.