The Berlin Wall, built in August of 1961, was s physical symbol of the political and emotional divisions of Germany

. The Wall was built because of a long lasting suspicion among the Soviet Union on one side and Western Europe and the United States on the other. Once World War II was over, these Allies no longer had a common purpose to hold them together. Their differences became less hidden and more irreconcilable. The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn't "kick a dog when its already down", and that Germany was in desperate need of help." Therefore, the Allies' aim was to rebuild Germany's economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle, but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies. In response to the numbers of people who fled the communist world to the free world, East Germany built a wall that cut across the heart of Berlin. It was an improvised structure, thrown up overnight. In the months and years to follow, it would harden into a massive barrier of concrete blocks, barbed wire, machine gun towers, and minefields. The Wall became 103 miles long, and it was approximately ten to thirteen feet high. It cut across 193 roads, and it sealed West Berlin not only from the rest of the city to the east, but from all of East Germany. "A second wall was eventually built 100 miles to the east of the original wall. 293 watchtowers, 66 miles of antivechicle trenches, hundreds of killer guard dogs, countless searchlights, alarms, and self-firing guns were all used to keep East Germans form leaving." (Mirabile 7) In the night of August 12, Walter Ulbricht of East Germany, had his troops unroll their barbed wire "to protect the frontierââà ¬Â¦from American spies and the criminal slave traders of West Germany." (Galante 1) On the morning of the 13th, Berliners awoke to discover telephones line dead between West and East Berlin and train services at a standstill. Families were separated, for the Wall had run through parks, public areas, and even buildings. The Wall did not hold them back from freedom. According to reports, official figures show that more than 400 people died trying to flee. Human-rights activists say that the true figure could be closer to 800. Many of these escape attempts were dramatic. People leapt form windows, tunneled and crept through sewers, rammed through the gates in steel-plated trucks, crawled through mud, and swam the icy waters of the city's rivers and canals. Even though the Wall created international crises, divided families, and spawned villains and gangsters, it also produced its heroes. Brave men and women who lived in the shadow of the Wall found ways to elude Communism. Escape soon became harder. The barbed wire was replaced with concrete slabs. Waterways were blocked by underground fences. Windows along the borders had bricks instead of glass. Getting across became increasingly difficult, and it required ingenuity as well as determination. In the first year alone, 14 attempts were made to breach the wall through driving into it. Many drove through legal checkpoints. Twice, East Germans escaped in a car so low that it could be driven right under the horizontal bars at the crossing points. Vertical bars were added to make it even more impossible. Many escaped in cleverly designed hiding places in cars driven by West Germans who could cross the border legally. Three escaped using Soviet Union military uniforms that a friend had sewn for them. Peter Fechter, an eighteen year old boy, was one of the first who tried to scale the wall outright. The East Germans shot him down while West Berliners heard Fechter's cries for help for nearly an hour. Escapees tried to get under the Wall using sewer systems. (It soon became blocked by watchful East German police) In 1962, NBC, the American Public television network, provided funds to dig a tunnel from Bernauer St., in East Berlin, to Schoenholzer St., in West Berlin. "That September, the TV network filmed the escape of fifty-six refugees before flooding shut down the tunnel." (Mirabile 10) Probably the longest and the most famous tunnel was the one built in 1964 by Wolfgang Fuchs. This tunnel was Fuchs's seventh, and it was 140 ft. long, almost 40 ft. below the city, and about 28 inches high inside. It took six months to build, and 57 people were able to use it before it was discovered.

and French Sectors combined to form West Berlin. families. at 10:00 at night. two months. The Soviet sector became the East German capital. British. and a nation. Two families flew from East Germany to West in a homemade hot-air balloon. though not part of the iron curtain. or West Germany. There were food and supply shortages. The old Berlin Wall. was a reminder of it. the US. All these people wouldn't let a Wall ruin their lives. Winston Churchill named this barrier the Iron Curtain. After the second World War in 1945.------ The Berlin Wall For twenty-eight years. The GDR began building what they called the anti-fascist protection wall on August 13. However the East German citizens were still escaping. In fact. The Federal Republic of Germany. France. They wouldn't let a Wall keep them from a life of freedom. People were forced to work on collective state owned farms. and a monument to the political failure of East Germany. or East Germany. Conrad Shuman was a nineteen year old border guard when he witnessed families tearfully separated. A barrier now separated east and West. Britain. The GDR added tanks at important streets some supplied by the red army. and barbed wire fences with traps and explosives.000 people were captured. Three Days after the border was closed." (Mirabile 11) Another man built his own submarine to drag him across the Baltic Sea to Denmark. but was of special interest to Moscow). The Soviet sector became a communist state. Private trade was outlawed. They tore up the streets to use the paving . he leapt to freedom. "One man threw a hammer and a line from the roof of a building. It was almost impossible to cross this barrier without the communist government's permission. British. l and French Sectors combined to form a democratic state. East Berlin. The people of East Germany became dissatisfied with the economic and political conditions of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). For 28 years the Berlin Wall stood as a grim symbol of the gulf between the Communist East and the Non-Communist West. He realized he was not protecting his country. cement. (East Germany was a Soviet satellite. the Soviet premier of that time ordered the Berlin wall built to stop the flow of refugees. using barbed wire and anti-tank obsticales. Nikita Kruschev. Onehundred-sixty thousand refugees crossed the border from East Berlin to West Berlin between January and the beginning of August of 1961 in search of a better life. When Hungary opened its borders with Austria. the victorious Allies.Man's intelligence and ingenuity was constantly being tested to cross the Wall. Most of the residents of East Berlin and East Germany did not like the communist regime. The wall was made of steel. They wouldn't let a Wall crush their hope. on October 7. It was reported that about 5. pulled a cable. Finally on November 9.000 people made it safely. and twenty-seven days. Berlin once again became a city. The US. the Berlin Wall separated friends. Russia divided Germany into four sectors. Even though Berlin lay deep within the Soviet sector. not the populous. 1949. but imprisoning its people. There were guard towers with machine guns and other weapons. This upset the East German government and the Soviet countries. the Allies thought it best to divide this metropolis. and about 5. The Berlin Wall. a stark reminder of the political division of Europe. the German leader Egon Krenz ordered the Wall to be opened. as was the ownership of private land. slid down it in a homemade chair lift to safety on the other side. most people were not communists.The governments of these two new countries were set up by the occupying forces. Therefore Berlin was also divided into four sectors. was a stark symbol of the human cost of the Cold War. 1989. Again the US. over 12. A wave of democratization swept throughout Europe. and at the same time East Germany's communist leadership was slowly but surely becoming ousted from power. 1961. After twenty-eight years. and with his wife and son. each under the control of an al y. The German Democratic Republic.000 people escaped in a period of three days. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.

They made a hot air balloon large enough to lift four adults and four children. the railroads. The first successful tunnel was in an East Berlin Graveyard. The tunnel system was an extraordinary resistance movement dug by hundreds of East Berlin students with thousands more willing to help. announced that the boarder with West Berlin would be opened for private trips abroad. Gunter Schabowski. Finally. Wall woodpeckers started to use hammers and chisels to knock out pieces of the wall. Over one-hundred died in the attempt. and bunkers. Some of them bribed their way out with cigarettes and money. age eight-teen. 1961. East Germans would go from East Germany to Hungary and from there to West germany. 1979 they drove to a deserted field and took off. The Wetzels and the Strelzycks secretly purchased many small amounts of nylon cloth. On November 9. On November 10. 1989 checkpoints were opened for pedestrians at Potsdamer Platz and the Brandenberg Gate. including the Brandenberg Gate and Kurfstendam in West Berlin. There were large demonstrations in Leipzig on Mondays. The largest tunnel was in the basement of a house at number sixty Wernerstrasse. On October 27. After that was a patrol track with a corridor for watch dogs. 1990 East and Wast Germany were united. most were shot by the GDR border guards. However East Berliners still managed to get out.but the Berlin Wall has left economic and emotional scars that can only be healed by the hard work and understanding of generations to come. a massive emigration of East berliners to West Berlin began. travel and otherwise between East Germany and West Germany were dropped.stones to build barricades. A woman with a baby accidentally found the tunnel and escaped leaving the baby carriage. purchases of lightweight fabrics were limited in East Germany. East Germany began to reform. the GDR began to demolish all of the houses near the wall. Behind the wall was a trench to stop vehicles. Behind that was a second wall. the leader of the East Berlin com munist party. 1989 and later on December 22. Migration between Communist states was unrestricted. Mourners brought flowers to a grave and then dropped out of sight. and the West Berliners began to resent the Americans for failing to help the bleeding youth. Soon they realized that they had triumphantly landed on West German soil. When completed the wall was onehundred -sixtysix kilometers long. 1961. There were mass celebrations at the important places in both cities. On August 23. 1961. 1989 at about 7:00 PM. twenty-nine people were freed from this location. including the sixty-thousand workers who worked in West Berlin. jeeps and soldiers to Checkpoint Charley go guarantee US officials access to West Berlin. During the twenty eight years the wall was standing. Close to midnight on September 15. over five thousand people tried to escape. the Unites States sent tanks. Finally on July 1. therefore. my research found many residents of the GDR who welcomed the Communist Government both during the time the wall was up and to a greater extent immediately after reunification when unemployment and inflation in East Germany soared. was shot down and left to bleed to death by the border patrol as he tried to climb over the wall. and an average of four meters high. Peter Fechter. On September 20. The police found the carriage and closed the tunnel. They assumed West Gernamy's old name. Twenty three minutes after liftoff the gas burner died ant the balloon fell. the GDR stopped the subways. After Peter's tragic death. and the telephone lines going to West Berlin. All restrictions. The Federal Republic of Germany. They began construction of a more permanent concrete wall. or any other Western European state. riots broke out in West Berlin. This prompted US President John F. This area of no man's land cut off onehundre-ninetytwo streets. watch towers. there was a ban on the sale of rope and twine. Checkpoint Charley was the main crossing point for the American sector of West Berlin. it . There were many escape tunnels dug under the wall. The entire wall was taken down except for the areas of historical importance such as the section in front of the parliament of Berlin and the places with graffiti artwork. 1962 near Checkpoint Charley. On August 17. The beginning of the end of the German Democratic Republic and the Berlin Wall was when Hungary (another communist state) opened its doors to the west. The reunification of Germany was a great victory for the German people and the nations of the west. After their escape. Kennedy to visit Berlin to ask East Germany and the USSR to tear down the wall. The people of East Berlin were no longer allowed to enter West Berlin. Shortly thereafter. After some people managed to scale the wall. It was sixhundre-eighty feet west of the Brandenberg Gate. topped with concrete tubing and barbed wire.

the United States. In support of this position is the fact that while thousands of people tried to cross the wall from East Germany to West Germany and over one hundred people died in the attempt.5 million people escaped to West Germany. the Berlin wall stood dividing East Germany from West Germany.´ the most famous of all crossings. and diplomats. West Germany allowed only pensioners and specialpermission visitors to enter West Berlin. Under communist rule. there does not appear to be a single case of anyone climbing the wall in the other direction. What remain now is just a few hundred meters and three watchtowers. An outdoor gallery has been established by international artists along a 2-km stretch along the wall. Four meters high. the East German government built the Berlin Wall on the fateful day of Aug. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. West Germans. The wall was brought down after the reunification of Germany in 1989. The communists from the Soviet Union formed the German Democratic Republic. For 29 years. more than 2. railway lines. In a history dissertation. In the history coursework. Foreigners used ³Checkpoint Charlie. you could mention the fact that the Berlin Wall was built in August 1961 to separate East Berlin from West Berlin. Overall the arrising and destruction of The Berlin Wall proved to seperate two nations. there were separate crossings. When first built. 1961 to prevent its citizens from defecting to the West. Each ally had possession of one zone each. epitomizing the division between people following communism and democracy. the allied forces consisting of the Soviet Union. When West Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany was formed in 1949. The total breakdown on positive communication led to seven border crossings for different types of visitors. the wall ran seven and a half miles and went through streets. rivers and lakes. To prevent further defection. The Cold War had increased the divide between democratic and communist forces. you could include the following details of the wall. The isolation was complete. The cold war had taken its toll on the citizens. The essay banks could provide detailed information .remains our conclusion that most East Germans did not like the communist regime. and France controlled Germany by dividing it into four occupation zones. Great Britain. Towards the end of World War II. Then there were others for West Berliners. the wall was rebuilt four times to ensure no one could cross over by using huge concrete plates with concrete piping at the top. For more detailed information. It was lined with 86 miles of barbed wire and had 116 watch towers. which included East Berlin. but overtime brought those nations from being allies to comrads. The purpose of an informative essay covering this topic should be to educate readers about the history surrounding the wall and why it was brought down. To cross into East Germany. A ³no-man¶s land´ was created along a 100 meter stretch along the east side of the wall by removing all buildings. 13.--------------------- A Berlin wall essay would be an ideal way to highlight what¶s left of the Berlin Wall running parallel to the banks of the river Spree in Germany. visit essay banks over the internet. You will find several inspiring stories of people who succeeded to escape and come over to West Germany. Berlin too was divided and was name West Berlin to be included in West Germany.

on how the wall ran close to the Dynamo Sports Stadium. There are many stories to be told. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. but history has left visible scars on people on both sides. No longer existing. buy essays from reliable service providers over the internet.------ . Most of the Berlin Wall is down. the area is now covered with wild grass and is known as Wall Park. You can be sure that many of your fellow students would be very interested in the details you present in your Berlin Wall essay. If you find it difficult to gather information or do not have the time.