Introduction Toyota Motor Corporation is a leading car manufacturing company in the world which was founded on August 28, 1937

. For the year of 2009, Toyota’s number of employees is over 70,000 excluding any affiliated organizations. Toyota is based in Toyota City, Aichi and in Tokyo and its head office is located at 1-4-18 Koraku, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8701, Japan. Nagoya Office at 4-7-1 Meieki, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture. By the year of 2007, Toyota replaced General Motors Corporation to be the largest car maker and seller in the world. According to “Toyota in the World” (2010), the production result of 2008 is 8,547,000 vehicles while the sales result is 8,913,000 vehicles worldwide. This essay is going to identify the customers and markets of Toyota as well as the international logistics processes and routes. In addition, the functional position of Toyota in the whole supply chain will be discussed.

Toyota’s production pattern Toyota’s functional position in the whole chain is the main manufacturer. The following diagram shows the production locations of Toyota in Japan:

Table 1 (Source: Toyota in the world, 2010) Car manufacturing is a complex operation with a plenty of parts and technologies involved. Toyota owns many parts suppliers to produce installation kits and transport them to several plants for final assembly. According to “Toyota in the world, 2010”, the domestic production of Toyota added up to 4,255,000 vehicles, which accounts for 60.34% of the total production of Toyota in the world.

International transportation This is a general international logistics diagram for Toyota: Coal from Australia Toyota assembly plants in Japan Core parts and techs Japanese DCs Domestic dealers Coal Brazil from Toyota parts suppliers Domestic customers Rubber from South Asia Other raw materials Toyota overseas plants Oversea DCs Overseas customers . Here is the distribution of Toyota’s overseas plants.000 vehicles to the market in 2009. Toyota’s international logistics operation 1.Meanwhile. from raw material collecting to recycling today. Toyota owns plants around the world and becomes the most important car manufacturer in current society. Toyota’s plants could produce most of parts the final assembly needs and response quickly to the dealer and customers. Table 2 (Source: Toyota in the world. However. Toyota’s supply chain gets so long and complex from assembly to distributing in the foreign markets. In short. Toyota conducts its business worldwide with 51 overseas manufacturing companies in 26 countries and regions which contribute to 2.796. the main role Toyota played in the supply chain is a manufacturer. 2010) In America and Asia. the two main overseas production as well as markets.

Kamigo plant. these parts are transported to several assembly plant categorized by Toyota brands.66%) to the total production in 2009. if Toyota cannot export their core parts to overseas plants on time due to some incidents. However. rubbers from southeastern Asia and then transports them to Japan.000 vehicles (74. After that.29%) to the total sales.Table 3 General process of international logistics operation of Toyota Toyota gets coal as raw material from Australia and Brazil. the overseas plants contributed 2. Miyoshi plant and Shimoyama plant mentioned in the Table 1 produce Tires. The overseas plants also can produce these parts in local factories. In this case. The group assignment will discuss the topic intensively. but some core parts such as the high quality engines and some technical supports depends on import from Japan. The parts suppliers like Honsha plant.622.796.000 vehicles (39. 2. International markets From the statistics of “Toyota in the world 2010”. the overseas markets sales accounts for 5. hybrid parts and transmission parts. the supply chain will break and overseas plant will be in trouble. USA and China are the two main overseas markets for Toyota: Table 4 (Source: Toyota in the world 2010) . We can see that the majority of production is finished in Japan while the majority sales are done in international markets.

Here is an example of moving Corolla from Japan to New York state of USA. Example of international logistics of Toyota Toyota's vehicles are sold in more than 170 countries and regions. 3. Coal from Australia Coal from Brazil Inazawa DC Kyohokai cooperated plant Meiko Center for loading vehicles on ships Honsha plant Rubber from Philippines Oguchi DC Kamigo plant Takaoka final assembly plant for Corolla Other materials Miyoshi plant MRK Logistics American dealers Toyota quality parts express Mansfield DC in USA .Table 5 (Source: Toyota in the world 2010) As talked before. the international markets are crucial to Toyota. smooth and secured logistics flow benefits Toyota in great deal.

MRK logistics is in charge of the long distance delivery inner New York State while the TQPE arranges the balance.000 vehicles and sales results of 7. Masataka Hashimoto. Toshinori Nemoto. Conclusion Toyota is now the leading car manufacturing company in the world with the production results of 7. Karen Wilhelm. Its majority of production activities are done in Japan whereas the vehicles are sold overseas mostly. Katsuhiko Hayashi. Karen Moo re. 2010 2. Toyota owns lots of overseas plants around the world. 2010 3. Target Third Issue. References 1. Environmental and Safety Engineer.000 vehicles in 2009. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. after assembling. the vehicles are loaded to ships by Meiko center and transported to Mansfield DC in New York State. Toyota in the world.051.Table 6: The example of logistics operation for moving Corolla from Japan to New York State in USA Takaoka plant is the final assembly place for Corolla in Japan.567. the core part such as high quality engines and technical support are still depends on the export from Japan. However. 2010 4. Logistics the Toyota way. Milk-Run logistics by Japanese automobile manufacturers in Thailand. 2005 . Toyota prefers to use 3PL in USA due to their skills and low cost of logistics activities.