How to Make a Wind Car

By Grahame Turner, eHow Contributor
There is a lot of talk these days about alternative fuels. While it's unlikely we'll see a lot of cars fueled purely by air power, kids with an interest in the scientific can put one together very easily. This is the kind of project that's fun on a rainy day at home, or for friendly competition in a classroom setting.

Difficulty: Moderately Easy

Things You'll Need:

y y y y y y y y y y y

Cardboard or foam board Pen or marker Scissors 3 straight straws, or something to hold an axle Glue Tape 2 dowels, skewers or something to act as an axle 4 bottle caps, or anything that can work as a wheel (optional) Sheet of construction paper Masking tape Power fan


1. 1 Cut a body for the car out of the cardboard or foam board. This body can be just about any shape or size, but should be at least 3 inches by 6 inches. If you are making wheels out of foam board or cardboard, draw and cut them out now. 2. 2 Tape the axle holders--straight straws or anything like that--to the bottom of the car body. These holders should be at least as wide as the car body is, or a little wider. They need to be parallel to each other, and perpendicular to the car's body. 3. 3 Attach one axle, made of a dowel or skewer, to a wheel. Slide this wheel into place in an axle holder. Repeat for another axle and wheel. Use glue or tape, whichever you think will work best.

4. 4 Connect the remaining wheels to the axles. Make sure they aren't too tight against the car, so that the wheels roll freely, but not too loose so that the car rolls unevenly. 5. 5 Flip the car over and roll it around, making sure the vehicle travels in a straight line. Make any adjustments as necessary, then glue or tape the axle holders tightly in place. 6. 6 Cut a sail out of construction paper. Mark the points where it will connect to your mast, which is the third straight straw. 7. 7 Punch a hole in the middle of the vehicle, and glue the mast into it. 8. 8 Attach the sail to the mast.

9. 1 Make a starting line of masking tape on a flat piece of floor. 10. 2 Set up an electric fan on the ground about 14 inches behind the starting line. 11. 3 Set your car down at the starting line. When ready, switch the fan on and let it blow your racer across the floor.

Read more: How to Make a Wind Car |

They're extremely simple to make. Difficulty: Easy Instructions Things You'll Need: y y y y y y y y y y y y Cardboard Marker Empty glass Scissors 2 straight straws Glue Tape 3 skewers Construction or printer paper Markers. 1 Design the base of the car. They work by harnessing the wind in the sail for power. colored pencils.How to Make a Wind-Powered Car By Grahame Turner. and it is possible to demonstrate that movement at home with a wind-powered car. You can make it any size or shape that you'd like. and wind-powered toy cars are pretty fun to race. but make it at least 4-inches by 6-inches. you'll need a few simple materials. A sailboat moves along the water in a very smooth. and then you'll need a source of wind--which will be played in your home by a portable fan. 2010 Putting a sail on a simple toy car will have it rolling in no time. or crayons Masking tape Floor fan 1. First. . eHow Contributor updated: June 9. Draw the base on the cardboard. almost effortless manner.

5. so make them perpendicular to the sides. 2 Trace the base of your glass on the cardboard four times. 7 Slide both skewers into the straws at the bottom of the car base. . 4 Turn the base upside down and draw a pair of parallel lines on it.2. 8 Pierce the center of the other two wheels with the exposed ends of the skewers. Make sure these are traced smoothly. and put one in the front and one in the back. 3. 3 Cut out the pieces of cardboard. Glue them into place. These lines will be where the axles go. A larger sail will catch more wind. 6. 9 Pierce the middle of the car base with a skewer and glue it into place poking upward. 9. but you can make it any shape that you want. 10. The bottom of this skewer should more than clear the floor. 7. 10 Design and draw a sail on the construction paper. 6 Pierce the exact center of one of the wheels with one of the skewers. 5 Glue the straws to the bottom of the vehicle. Repeat with the other skewer and another wheel. Trim off any excess straw. 4. Mark the point at the top and bottom of the sail where it will attach to the mast. Make the cuts as smooth as possible. but be careful not to glue the straw to the skewer. 8. as they will become the wheels. Slide the wheel close to the car. Glue the skewer in place at the end of one of the wheels. so you can trim off any excess axle.

eHow Contributor updated: December 5. amounts of windmills used and windmill blade alterations. If the sail starts to slip. Conducting trials with variants demonstrates the properties of wind power that increase or decrease the energy supply and propulsion needed to move the mini cars. 11 Slide the sail into place on the mast.html#ixzz1DK3pvOwI How do I Make a Science Project of Mini Windmills Powering Mini Cars? By Taylor Divico. Pierce the marks and make it curve forward. forcing the cars to move. Read more: How to Make a Wind-Powered Car | eHow. 2010 Windmill school projects showcase solar energy.ehow. tape it in place.11. The experiment can include comparisons by supplying variables such as different fan sizes. The wind source generates energy from the http://www. Difficulty: Moderate Instructions Things You'll Need: y y y Construction paper Ruler Pencil . Creating a science project with mini windmills and cars tests wind

2. Follow this step to find and designate the center point of each square you cut out. You now have the blades and top of your windmill made. Pull the fastener tabs through the back of the center point and flatten the tabs outward.y y y y y y y y y y Scissors Metal fastener Glue Straws Plastic cup Clay Pebbles. stopping within 1-inch of the center point. Repeat this step for the other three corners so that your have four triangles attached by the center point. Measure the square horizontally and place your finger at the midpoint of the horizontal line. 3. 2 Place the ruler on the construction paper. Hold the corners in place at the center point with one finger while pushing a metal fastener through the corners and the center point with your free hand to keep them in place. 6 . 3 Cut the squares out using the scissors. 4. 4 Start from one corner of the square. Make a dot at the midpoint of the vertical measurement using your pencil. matchbox-sized cars and all materials needed to complete the project. 1 Gather or purchase small plastic. 5. Find a flat surface to work on. soil or sand Hand-held fan Household fan (optional) Plastic matchbox cars 1. 5 Fold ever other corner of the triangles in toward the center point to create windmill blades. Draw a square with a pencil by connecting four straight lines of equal measure to create a 6x6 in. 6. Place the ruler vertically where your finger rests and find the midpoint of the vertical line. Cut one diagonal slat in the direction of the square's center point. square.

Read more: How do I Make a Science Project of Mini Windmills Powering Mini Cars? | eHow. causing them to move in a circular motion. 9 Create multiple windmills for your experiment. Press the clay into the bottom of the plastic cup so that the straw sticks out upright. Pour pebbles. and a larger square such as 12x12 in.ehow. to allow for variations. Place your cars in front of the windmill at the same level that the blades of the windmill and fans are positioned at. 8. Consider creating a smaller square such as a 4x4 8 Place a hand-held or household fan in various locations around your windmill so that the wind hits your windmill blades. 9.html#ixzz1DK4ML0Sj How to Build an Electric Car By an eHow Contributor . 7. generating kinetic energy to propel your cars http://www. The wind energy from the fans will cause the blades to spin. Place the other end of the straw into your plastic cup. 7 Pack clay around the end of the straw that is in your cup so that two inches of the straw is submerged in clay to create a sturdy windmill base. soil or sand into your plastic cup until it is approximately 1/2 filled to weigh down and immobilize your windmill pole (straw) and base (clay).Glue or tape the top of your windmill to one end of the straw.

Think about the body profile. 4. A combination of the right parts and plenty of patience can help you build an electric car. 1 Protect yourself from harm while building an electric car with safety gear. You will need a torque wrench and an engine crane to remove old car parts before installing electrical components. 2. The standard motor for an electric vehicle conversion is a DC motor with a diminutive body. 5 . Wear goggles.The origins of the electric car parallel the humble innovations that led to the internal combustion engine. 5. Difficulty: Moderately Challenging Instructions Things You'll Need: y y y y y y y y Gloves Goggles Electric motor Electric car batteries Solar panels Torque wrench Engine crane White tags 1. frame weight and axle type to make your electric car conversion easier. 2 Choose a traditional car body to convert into an electric car. gloves. 3. car lovers and amateurs around the world build electric cars to improve driving distance and durability. Engineers. boots and old clothes to stay comfortable while avoiding electrical shocks. 3 Select an electric motor for your car that is easy to assemble without professional assistance. 4 Compile specialty tools needed to build an electric car in your own garage.

The contactor activates the motor as you turn the key in the same way as an ignition switch starts a gas-powered engine Read more: How to Build an Electric Car | eHow. Hunt down a VRLA or gel-cell battery with the help of an electric vehicle retailer like EV Parts (see Resources below). eHow Member User-Submitted Article Building an electric car is a very popular topic as of late. 7 Place a motor controller between your motor and battery to control electrical 6. The controller acts as a middleman between the motor and battery by providing sufficient current to move the car forward. 8 Connect a contactor to your ignition to start your newly built electric car. As we all must do our part to go green. 7. Difficulty: Challenging Instructions Things You'll Need: y Car 1. building an electric car has numerous benefits. 1 . 8.Purchase a primary and backup battery before you build your electric car.html#ixzz1DKBJ1OW0 How to Build Your Own Electric Car By jeffbeer. A series of solar panels from BatteryStuff can help recharge your batteries and power accessories in your car (see Resources below). such as solar panels. 6 Install passive-energy http://www. as you build your electric car. with a push for a more environmentally conscious society.

Fuel lines and filter. 4 Connect the electric motor to the transmission to power the car via rotary power. 6. 8 Set up the gas pedal cable to the The controller should run on at least 48-72 volts. Radiator. Coolant tank. 3. 5. 9 Get the car registered and insured through the DMV. muffler. for you will need it. 5 Install the motor. 7. Go for smaller. 9. which will be determine by the battery system. 3 Attach the motor to the transmission? 4.html#ixzz1DKBXbxF8 .ehow. 6 Figure out what batteries you will need. which will send the signal to the controller. Engine. Exhaust.Get a car. compact cars that would need less energy to move. 2. DO NOT TAKE APART ANYTHING OF THE http://www. 8. This includes Gas tank. Starter. 7 Acquire a controller that can control the power between motor and batteries. 2 Remove anything gasoline related. Read more: How to Build Your Own Electric Car | eHow.

Make sure that the buttons stay lined up so that the . Make the hole 3. This toy is great as a project for a mature teenager to learn how to use a soldering iron and a drill safely (under adult supervision). 3.5 millimeters in diameter to accommodate the clothes hanger wire axle. 2.How to Build a Toy Electric Car By an eHow Contributor Build a toy electric car from an old candy tin. The car uses a 9-volt motor to cruise the floor at high speeds. If you are using an Altoids tin. The four holes also need to be 2 centimeters from either end and drilled at the very bottom of the tin wall next to the corner. Hot glue a button wheel at its center to one end of each axle. 2 Drill four holes in the candy tin for the front and back axles to go through. the length of the axle should be 59 millimeters for each hanger. Difficulty: Moderately Easy Instructions Things You'll Need: y y y y y y y y Candy tin (like a standard Altoids tin) Clothes hanger (wire) Four identical buttons with a 1-inch diameter (or larger) Small rubber band 9-volt DC hobby motor 9-volt battery 9-volt battery connector Piece of string (optional: see tips section) 1. 1 Pull the lid off of the tin and cover any sharp edges of the tin in glue from the glue gun. The axle needs to be 2 millimeters wider than the tin. 3 Cut two axles for the car from a straight portion of the clothes hanger. Button wheels add a touch of whimsy to the project and elicits comments about how creative the project is.

4. 4 Put glue on the shaft of the motor axle that sticks out so that the axle has some moves Run this toy indoors first.html#ixzz1DKBgk5xA How to Make an Electric Car for a Science Project By Enzo Silvestri. Insert the http://www. eHow Contributor Electric Car . Use the hot glue gun to put on the other button wheels on each axle. Read more: How to Build a Toy Electric Car | eHow. Solder the wires from the motor onto separate terminals on the back side of a 9-volt battery connector so that the wires do not interfere with the connection to the battery. The motor will start up immediately. Use a rubber band to hold the battery in place. 5 Snap the 9-volt battery connector to the 9-volt battery. 5. with the rear one passing through a rubber band as it goes in one side hole and out the other. Glue the motor into the tin so that the small rubber band is firmly held against the axle of the rear wheels and the axle of the motor. The rubber band acts as a belt to transfer power between the motor and the rear axle.

The technology is improving« More . and subsequently.The main key for building an electric car for a science project is the weight to power ratio. and as the vehicle's presence on America's roads« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y Advantages & Disadvantages of Electric Cars The time is coming for the long-awaited. A vehicle will need to be light enough to be able to be moved by a relatively small electric motor. the fewer batteries needed. efficient all-electric car. From Essentials: Basics of Electric Cars y About Electric Automobiles Electric cars have been in existence since the 19th century but the rise of gasoline-powered« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How Have Electric Automobiles Changed Our Lifestyle? As more automakers offer electric vehicles. the less power required to the electric motor. The smaller the motor.

and becoming more practical as gas prices« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y About Electric Vehicle Technology As gas prices soar into the stratosphere and the world continues to search for eco-friendly« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials . good for the environment. one thing that is plain about the electric car« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How to Make a Mini Car With Electric Motors Electric cars economical.More: See All Articles in this Essentials y Why Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment? While they have a handful of practical drawbacks.

Entering into an electric« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y Good Used Cars to Make Into Electric Cars Finding the right donor vehicle is the most important step in starting your electric car« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y What Are Hybrid Electric Cars? Hybrid electric cars use the traditional internal combustion engine combined with an electric« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials .y How to Race Electric Cars Electric drag cars are the chosen vehicles for electric car racing.

y Facts About Gas-Electric Cars Hybrid gas-electric cars are a reasonable compromise for the environmentally conscious consumer« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How Do Hybrid Cars Operate? « More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How Do Hybrid Cars Save the Environment? « More More: See All Articles in this Essentials .

according to« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How to Make an Electric Car for a Science Project The main key for building an electric car for a science project is the weight to power ratio. A« More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y How Do Fuel Cell Engines Work? « More More: See All Articles in this Essentials y y y y .y What Vehicle Has the Highest MPG? The 2010 Toyota Prius hybrid car gets the best gas mileage of any vehicle today.

3 Remove the combustion motor and replace it with a 24 volt motor. This on its own will significantly reduce the weight. These are available at any aircraft junk yard or Air Force surplus store. When obtaining the motors you should take the opportunity to buy a number of 24 volt aircraft batteries as well.y y y y y y y y y y y Difficulty: Moderately Challenging Instructions Things You'll Need: y y y y Light gasoline car 24 volt electric motor 24 volt batteries Electrical control components Don't Build it. 4 . The room under a small car's hood would probably hold 4 batteries. 3. once the motor is in place. 2 There are conversion kits available online and since the cost of these is upwards of a few dollars. Surplus aircraft starter motors are 24 volt motors and these are becoming popular to use in small car conversions. Find a light aerodynamic gasoline car and take out the engine assemblies. Convert it 1. 4. 2. then for a high school project it is best to stick to the cheapest ways possible. 1 When building an electric car you don't need to reinvent the wheel so try to use an existing vehicle and simply do a conversion.

and then to the control rheostat and then the motor. is powered by a controller and the controller gets its power from a battery. however. Connect the rheostat to the accelerator pedal and it will function as well as the gas http://www. Make sure you connect the batteries in parallel as this will make them last longer.. as it is just a series of batteries attached to an on-off switch.250. Thus. An electric car is a simple concept and actually quite easy to make. the battery. there are major differences under the hood.Mount the electric motor so that it turns the gearbox of the car.html#ixzz1DKBwZNAB How to Make a Simple Electric Car By Elizabeth Chapin-Pinotti. Finally. the two are indistinguishable except for the silence of the one powered by electricity. 5. Read more: How to Make an Electric Car for a Science Project | eHow. 5 Build a bank of batteries to power the engine with the applicable switches and rheostats to control the speed. Kreditantrag abgelehnt?MAXDA. In fact. the electric motor. many electric cars are designed by stripping a gasoline-powered car's interior and converting the motor to run on electricity. eHow Contributor An electric car is just a car powered by an electric motor rather than a gasoline combustion engine. unlike with an electric motor you can start in top gear and it will have no ill effect. thus the power output will still be 24 volts but it will last significantly longer.000 EUR.000 .de/Kreditantrag Wir lehnen Sie nicht ab! Kredite von 3. To connect them in parallel connect positive to positive and negative to negative. in turn. gets its power from the electric grid. Difficulty: Challenging Instructions Things You'll Need: . The gears are really unnecessary in this case. While there may be no visible exterior differences. which is attached to a motor. The combustion engine is replaced by an electric motor. You which is rechargeable. leave the gearbox in situ as removing it will just increase the work involved in converting the car.ehow.

Remove the exhaust system and the clutch. but it is more expensive and unnecessary. 7 . such as a Volkswagen bug Custom mounting brackets to mount the motor Controller Converter Batteries Battery box #00 gauge welding cable Wrenches and other hand tools Car jack Pot box 1. 3 Attach an adapter plate to the transmission and mount the motor. 2 Remove the gas tank. Jack up the car high enough to slide the motor out from under it. 7. Remove the bolts from the engine completely. 4 Create a reduction gear by pinning the manual transmission in first or second gear. Wire the batteries and motor to the controller with #00 gauge welding cable.) Slide the old engine out from under the car. 5 Mount the controller and the converter. you may want to use the trunk for the battery box. This is the power circuit unit that lets you switch from AC to DC. 6 Take out the back seat of the bug. 1 Put blocks under the engine compartment to catch the engine. 4. This may require custom brackets.y y y y y y y y y y Old manual car. (Be careful not to be under the engine when it falls. 5. The engine should drop onto the blocks. You can buy a special reduction gear that will be lighter. 6. 3. Pinning the transmission in first or second will work just fine. If you are not using a bug. Build a battery box and install the batteries. 2.

9. this replaces your gas gauge. Hook the contractor or relay to the ignition switch. Install a contractor or relay to turn the car on and off. Test the brakes and tires as well.ehow.Install a charging http://www. The onboard charging system allows the car to be plugged directly into grid power so that the batteries can be recharged. 9 Test to make sure everything works. It never hurts to be safe.html#ixzz1DKD6VlEu . Install a pot box or potentiometers and attach to the accelerator pedal and the controller. 8 Install a volt meter. Read more: How to Make a Simple Electric Car | eHow.