Israel’s Story in Maps

3D Illustration of the Land of Israel
Jordan

Ramat HaGolan

Sea of Galilee

Afula

Emek Yizrael

Sam aria Nablus
Ariel

60 Shchem

Shiloh Maaleh Beit Adumim El Jerusalem

55 55

Biny ami Jud ea
60

Herodiun

The Dead Se a

km

Haifa

Wadi Milek

Nachal Eiron
Ben Gurion Modi'in

15 15

km

Kfar Saba

n Bethlehem Efrat Kfar Etzion

Hadera Netanya
Nachal Ayalon
Rechovot

Yarkon River

Hevron Kiryat Arba

Tel Aviv
Nachal Soreq Nachal Ha'elah

Mt. Hevr

on
Susia

Ashdod
Kiryat Gat Nachal Lachish Beersheba

Ashkelon Gaza
Nachal Habashur

Illustration: Meir Kahane, Ofra Field School

Map No. 1
Everything’s Relative
Israel’s Story in Maps
Israel: 10,733 sq mi 27,799 sq km Including Judea, Samaria and the Golan Heights
United States: 3,794,100 sq mi 9,826,675 sq km Russia: 6,601,668 sq mi 17,098,242 sq km

Washington

Moscow

Israel: 0.28% of the USA
France: 248,428 sq mi 643,427 sq km

Israel: 0.16% of Russia
China: 3,705,406 sq mi 9,596,960 sq km

Paris

Beijing

Israel: 4.3% of France
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The area of Israel includes the Golan Heights and Jerusalem.

Israel: 0.28% of the China

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Map No. 2
Map of Israel today

Israel's demarcated borders, reached following peace agreements with Jordan and Egypt, and the internationally recognized border with Lebanon.

LEBANON

Mediterranean Sea
Galilee Haifa

Golan Heights

SYRIA

Nazareth

ISRAEL
Herzliya

Samaria

Tel Aviv Jaffa
Ashdod Ashkelon

Jerusalem

Judea
GAZA

Beer Sheba Negev

EGYPT JORDAN
Sinai Peninsula

0 0

40 km 40 mi

Eilat

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Map No. 3
Map of Biblical sites: Judea and Samaria: The Land of the Bible
Israel’s Story in Maps

Judea and Samaria: Biblical & Historical Sites
Megiddo

The "Derekh Ha'avot," or "Road of our Patriarchs," runs on Israel's central mountain range from BeerSheba in the south through Hebron, Jerusalem up to Shechem and other Biblical sites. ItIsrael’s Story in Mapson hisMaps sacrifice his son Isaac. was used by Abraham Israel’s Story in way to More than 80% of Biblical events took place in areas along this road. The major cities and towns in Judea and Samaria have existed for over 4,000 years, since Biblical times.

Biblical and Historical Landmarks
Pre-1967 cease-fire lines Jerusalem municipal boundaries Road of the Patriarchs

Ta’anach Dothan

Sebaste

Shechem

Sartaba Yafo Shilo Gilgal Mitzpeh Beit El

Jericho

Jerusalem
Qumran Bethlehem Solomon’s Pools Herodium Hebron Carmel Sussiya Maon

0 0

10 km 10 mi

Beer Sheba © 2003-2010 Koret Communications Ltd. www.koret.com

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Map No. 4

Israel in the Middle East An isolated democracy in a sea of totalitarian state

Israel lies on the eastern Mediterranean Basin, and borders on Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. There are 22 Arab countries surrounding it, that is, 22 dictatorships or unstable regimes in the region and just one Jewish democratic state. Israel upholds democratic values, providing equal rights to Arabs and Jews, men and women. There are over 500 million Muslims and 7 million Jews living in this region. The Arab world is 500 times larger than the State of Israel.

Turkey Tunisia Morocco Western Sahara Algeria Libya Egypt Syria Iraq Kuwait Jordan Bahrain Saudi Arabia Qatar UAE Oman

Lebanon Israel

Iran

Sudan

Yemen

0 0

300 km 300 mi

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Map No. 5

The British Mandate in the Land of Israel. Current-day Israel is only a quarter the size of the original Land of Israel
1917: The Balfour Declaration announces the support of Great Britain for the establishment of a national homeland for the Jewish People in the Land of Israel. 1920: At the San Remo Conference, the Principal Allied Powers allocated to Great Britain a mandate over the Land of Israel to implement that goal. Following Arab riots in 1920-22, British Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill published the White Paper in 1922, dividing Transjordan into east and west and retreating from the goal of creating a wholly Jewish Palestine. 1923: The League of Nation divides the original "Land of Israel" into two parts: 76% East of the Jordan River renamed Transjordan and given to Emir Abdullah, and 24% West of the Jordan River designated for the Jews.

Mediterranean Sea

Syria (French Mandate)

Iraq

Eretz Israel

Transjordan Saudi Arabia

British Mandate Palestine

Egypt
Area Separated and closed to Jewish settlement, 1922 Area ceded to Syria, 1923

Area remaining for Jewish National Home 0 0
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80 km 80 mi

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Map No. 6

Second Partition: The UN's proposal for partitioning the Land of Israel, 1947: UN proposes partition - Israel accepts; Arabs reject and go to war
The UN's proposal for partitioning the western part of the Land of Israel into a Jewish state and an Arab state was based on the locations of population centers. 15,000 square kilometers, about 54 percent, were to be a Jewish democratic state, while the remaining 12,000 square kilometers, or 45 percent, an Arab democratic state. About 187 square kilometers, or some 1 percent, mostly in Jerusalem, would be under an internationalized regime. On November 29, the UN voted on partition, with 33 countries backing the plan, 13 against (including the Arab countries), and 10 countries abstaining. The leadership of the Jews living in the Land of Israel accepted the decision and worked towards implementing it. However, the Arab leadership in the area, the Arab League and other Arab states rejected the offer outright. Thus, it never became a binding agreement. Following that rejection, the Arabs living in the mandate immediately took up arms and began fighting the not-yet-born State of Israel. The partition idea died in infancy because the Arab side rejected it. In May 1948, after the British army left the Land of Israel, seven Arab armies and other irregular forces invaded the newly created State of Israel with the goal of destroying it. They failed.
Lebanon
Metulla

Mediterranean Sea

Nahariya

Syria

Haifa

Netanya

Tel Aviv Jaffa Jerusalem

Yad Mordechai

Kfar Etzion

Transjordan

Beer Sheba

Egypt

Mandate boundary Jewish State Arab State

0 0

40 km 40 mi

International Zone

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Map No. 7

Map of Israel on June 10, 1967

Up until 1967, Egypt controlled the Gaza strip under military rule, as conquered territory but not part of Egypt itself. In 1951, Jordan annexed Judea and Samaria, a move which was not recognized by the international community or by the Arab League. The Arabs themselves rejected the idea. During the Six-day-war Israel urged Jordan not to join Egypt and Syria in the fighting, however King Hussein decided to open fire on Israel. During this war Israel conquered Judea, Samaria,the Golan Heights, Sinai and the Gaza Strip and assumed administrative control over these area. In 1967 the Israeli Knesset extended Israel’s legal and administrative jurisdiction to all of Jerusalem and expanded the city’s municipal borders. In 1981 Israel extended its legal control of the Golan Heights. As per the peace treaty concluded with Egypt,all the Sinai was returned to Egypt in 1982, a move which included uprooting all the Jewish communities that had been established there. Egypt rejected the offer to regain the Gaza Strip. In 1988, Jordan's King Hussein declared that Judea and Samaria, illegally occupied and annexed by his grandfather in 1951,were not part of the Jordanian kingdom and turned the area into territory not officially belonging to any state, leaving Judea and Samaria a legal "no mans land". In 1994, in the peace treaty with Jordan, new borders were set between Jordan and Israel. In 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew from the Gaza Strip, expelled its Jewish population and destroyed all the Jewish communities there.
Lebanon
Golan Heights

Syria

Haifa

Mediterranean Sea
Samaria

Tel Aviv Jaffa

Jerusalem

Judea

Gaza Beer Sheba
Suez Canal

Jordan

Sinai Peninsula

Eilat
Gulf of Eilat

Gulf of Suez

Saudi Arabia

Egypt
0 0 40 km 40 mi
Red Sea

Israeli territory before Six Day War Under Israeli control after Six Day War

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Map No. 8

Judea & Samaria - A tall mountain range controlling the narrow, low plains of Tel-Aviv

The State of Israel has been in control of Judea and Samaria for over 44 years - almost the same time as the British and the Jordanians combined. Israel's leaving the Gaza Strip led to massive rocket fire on Ashdod and Beer-Sheba. The mountain range of Judea and Samaria reaches a height of 1,100 meters and dominates Israel's population center from Beer-Sheba and Ashkelon in the South to Netanya and Afula in the North.
0 0 0 0
Israeli communities Arab communities
Safed

40 km

Lebanon

Syria
Kiryat Shmona

40 mi

Haifa

Afula

6 mi/10 km

Mediterranean Sea
Netanya

Jenin

9 mi/15 km
Tulkarm Nablus Kalkilya

11 mi/18 km
Tel Aviv Jaffa Ben Gurion Airport Ramallah

4 mi/6 km

Jordan

10 mi/17 km
Ashkelon

Jerusalem Bethlehem

7 mi/11 km
Beit Hanoun Sderot Hebron

3 mi/5 km

Gaza

25 mi/40 km

10 mi/16 km
Beer Sheba

Egypt
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Map No. 9

A Cross Section - A tall mountain range controlling the narrow, low plains of Tel-Aviv

The height of the Coastal Plain from the sea to the Green Line rises from 0 to 100 meters above sea level. The height of the area of Judea and Samaria is between 100 and 1100 meters above sea level, and control of the area means full topographic control of the region. It takes only three minutes to fly from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea. Control of the mountain range allows the defense of Israel's eastern border. Beyond that border lie Jordan, Iran and Iraq, with considerable political and security instability and risk. The mountain range in Judea and Samaria allows for protection against aerial or other invasion from the east.
1000 m
3000 ft

2000 ft

500 m
1000 ft

Ariel

Sea Level
Herzliya “Green Line” Jordan - Israel armistice line 1949-1967
10 10 20 30 20 40 50 30 60 40

Jordan River
70

KM

0

MILES 0

Herzliya Tel Aviv

Rosh Ha’ayin
Sea of Galilee

Ariel

Jordan

Jordan

Jerusalem
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Map No. 10

Municipal authorities in Judea and Samaria

There are six regional councils, four cities, thirteen local councils and a total of 130 Jewish towns in Judea and Samaria. At the end of 2010, the Jewish population was 330,000.
REGIONAL COUNCILS
SHOMRON JORDAN VALLEY BENYAMIN GUSH ETZION HAR HEVRON MEGILOT Municipal Council City

Afula

Hadera

Netanya
Pre-1967 cease-fire lines Jerusalem municipal boundaries (31 communities)

SHOMRON

Kfar Saba

Alfei Menashe Karnei Shomron Oranit Elkana

Kedumim Immanuel Ariel

(21 communities)

JORDAN VALLEY

Tel Aviv Ma’ale Efraim Beit Aryeh
Ben Gurion Airport

Modi’in Illit

Beit El
(54 communities)

BENYAMIN

Givat Ze’ev Har Adar Beit Shemesh Betar Illit
Jerusalem

Ma’ale Adumim

Efrat

GUSH ETZION
(14 communities)

Hebron Kiryat Arba

(6 communities)

MEGILOT

HAR HEVRON
(16 communities)

0 0

10 km 10 mi

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Map No. 11

The Oslo Agreements: Israel no longer controls the Arabs

Under the Oslo Agreements, 40 percent of the land was turned over to Palestinian Authority (PA) civilian rule (Area B). Some of it (the large cities) was turned over to PA security control as well (Area A). More than 95 percent of the Arab population living in Judea and Samaria lives under Palestinian Authority rule (Area A,B),vote in local elections, pays taxes to the PA and administers its own separate educational, legal, medical and social welfare systems. The Palestinians arabs living there, run their own lives, and there is no "occupation" there.
Afula

Full (A) & Partial (B) PA Control Full Israeli Control Israeli Community Arab Community Pre-1967 cease-fire lines Jerusalem municipal boundaries

Jenin Hadera

Netanya Tulkarm

Nablus Kfar Saba Kalkilya Alfei Menashe Oranit Karnei Shomron Tel Aviv Kedumim Ariel Ma’ale Efraim Beit Aryeh Beit El

Modi’in Illit Ramallah

Jericho
Jerusalem

Ma’ale Adumim

Beit Shemesh Betar Illit Efrat Bethlehem

Hebron Kiryat Arba

0 0

10 km 10 mi

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Map No. 12

Judea and Samaria Half of Israel's Water Sources

Fifty percent of Israel’s natural water resources come from the mountain aquifer (including all three of its basins).The rain trickles down from Judea and Samaria and flows into groundwater reservoir under the coastal plain and the coast itself. Whoever controls this area, controls water pollution or overuse of water resources. The water requirements of the Arabs living in Judea and Samaria have increased greatly in the past 40 years.They are now almost equal in demand per capita to that of Israelis, largely due to Israeli improvements in the water infrastructure and the advancement of Arab society. The Arabs here have a far better quality of life than their neighbors in Jordan.
Groundwater Reservoir MAIN AQUIFERS Eastern Gilboa-Schehem Yarkon-Taninin Israeli Community Arab Community Pre-1967 cease-fire lines Jerusalem municipal boundaries

Afula

Jenin Hadera

Netanya Tulkarm

Nablus Kfar Saba Kalkilya

Ariel Tel Aviv

Beit El
Ben Gurion Airport

Ramallah Jericho
Jerusalem

Ma’ale Adumim

Beit Shemesh Bethlehem Efrat

Hebron Kiryat Arba

0 0

10 km 10 mi

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Map No. 13

Jerusalem: Israel's eternal capital

Jerusalem has been the Jewish capital for over 3,000 years. Since 1864 Jews have been an absolute majority in Jerusalem. Jerusalem, mentioned over 600 times in the Bible, is not mentioned once in the Koran. In 1967, Israel widened Jerusalem’s municipal boundaries of the city to include areas east, north and south of the former 1949 armistice lines which had been under Jordanian rule for 19 years. The State of Israel rebuilt the destroyed Jewish Quarter inside the walls of the Old City. The Government of Israel also built the new neighborhoods of Ramat Eshkol, French Hill, Gilo, Har Homa, Neve Yaakov, Pisgat Ze'ev, Armon Hanatziv and others in those sectors of the city. As of 2008, Jerusalem includes 510,000 Jews (317,000 in the western neighborhoods and 193,000 in eastern neighborhoods) while 264,000 Arabs live in eastern neighborhoods of Jerusalem.
Israel-Jordan Armistice Line, 1949 - 1967 Jerusalem Municipal Boundary after Six Day War Major Jewish neighborhoods since the Six Day War Municipal Boundary under Jordanian occupation 1949-1967

Neve Yaakov Pisgat Zeev Ramot Ramat Eshkol
Sanhedria

French Hill
Mt.Scopus

Har Nof
Beit Hakerem

Mea Shearim

Old City
Mt. Herzl Yad Vashem City Center Knesset Talbieh German Colony Talpiot

Jewish Quarter

Malcha

East Talpiot

Gilo Har Homa
0 0 0 0
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1 km 1m

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