SUSTAINABILITY

PROJECT

IS SKI A SUSTAINABLE ACTIVITY?

SCIENCE

students from different countries can collaborate on projects in ³virtual classrooms´. its effects are felt well beyond the borders of countries responsible for creating it. economy and society (each of which must be healthy and viable over time. crop failure and diminished water supplies. They are so serious that they threaten the health. high resource consumption. affects large numbers of people. happiness and productivity of people and societies around the world. national and international conflict and the growing number of people living in poverty. 2) What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization? The globalization or interconnection and integration among people. Some of these global issues include rapid population growth. 3) What is sustainability? What areas does it affect? Sustainability is a concept that means that we meet our own needs without limiting the ability of future generations to meet their needs. which meets all these conditions. On the other hand some globally connected issues become disadvantages. business based on country can make and sell products in other countries. it can cause many events such as desertification. On one hand. if is transnational or transboundary. these efforts could also affect economies. for better or worse). It affects the areas of environment. and it is interconnected to many other issues (efforts to slow global warming could in turn positively impact a number of other issues such as food security and refugee issues tied to climate change. is an underlying cause of events and is connected to other issues that meet these criteria. environmental damage.ABOUT THE ARTICLE 1) What do you understand by global issue? By global issue I understand those significant issues that affect almost everyone on the Earth. One example could be the global warming. economies and societies throughout the world leads to both positive and negative consequences. etc. many of this connections and issues represent advantages seen that today¶s high speed technology makes instant communication possible throughout the world: people can travel halfway around the planet in a matter of hours. It may take years or even decades to be fully felt. An issue is likely to be global if it persists or is long-acting. Improvements to anyone of these elements should not make any of the others worse). considering the needs of the entire planet. . those relating to or involving most or the entire planet.

interconnected ³system´ that may be thought of as a remarkably complex mobile. If we cut one string. creative expression. These include a person¶s income and his or her access to education. from bacteria to people. because you do not see how working toward sustainability in one area can have positive impacts on all of the others until you realize how this issues are connected (solutions in one area can have a great impact on the others). a rich culture. the whole thing gets thrown off balance. A force exerted on one part of the mobile will affect all its other parts (in ways major or minor. consume different amounts of resources. health care. music and athletics). People around the world have different levels of income. The human-made environment is also interconnected. goods. religious or spiritual involvement.4) In what way can we say that everything is interconnected? To explain that everything is interconnected we can use a metaphor that shows this interconnectedness of global issues as a mobile. And the choices we make as a society can have a global impact. wherein changes in one part of the system cause changes elsewhere. Every type of organism. all the others move. Even though. The Earth itself is one large. so figuring out global sustainability is complicated. a satisfying life. have different cultural traditions. A number of factors contribute to an individual¶s quality of life. and cultural pursuits such as art. some of which can be measured or tracked. In the same way there is an interconnectedness that is inherent in natural environments. Besides. A great many of the items consumed in developed countries such as United States are produced in developing countries. the lives of people there and the natural environment. and the relative degree of freedom and justice enjoyed by an individual. the choices we make as individuals influence the choices that we make as a society. If we touch one piece. figuring out the sustainable level of population depends on how many resources each person needs and wants to use to have a satisfying life. but they are interconnected and balanced with each other. 5) Does this interconnection affect the kind of solutions we take? Yes. such as happiness. is part of a food web that depends on healthy habitats to survive. 6) In searching for sustainability. where the objects are separate and move in different directions. what different aspects do we have to consider? In searching for sustainability it is important to consider the well-being or quality of life of people around the world (which may include a peaceful society. . and live in different geographic regions. Other contributors to quality of life are harder to measure. sometimes predicable and sometimes not). The production of these consumer goods plays a key role in those countries¶ economies. and services.

such as ones that we all make as we get older: the family size. many renewable energy technologies are being used by more and more governments and people. plants and habitats are damaged. Many countries are coming together to discuss and implement practices that will lead to great sustainability and. which can be personal or structural. steel.7) What sustainable practices are already being used today around the world? Today around the world are being used many sustainable practices. And some choices are larger. fiberglass. plastic. Added to this. both non renewable resources. We enjoy doing this sport without thinking about what it implies. Skiing Skiing has become a popular activity between some people while it is possible that others even don¶t know about it. but is ski a sustainable activity? Let¶s analyze it: y ENVIRONMENT In this area we have to take into account two things: the material we need and the space it takes. The finished ski is a sandwich of these materials. most downhill skiing takes place on prepared slopes. foam. In first place. However. SKI STIKS: Nowadays ski sticks are made of light alloys (aluminium) or fibrereinforced plastic (carbon). In addition. and virtually impossible to separate or recycle. It's for this reason that almost every ski ever made still exists today. Among the personal solutions. or turning off the lights and turning down the heat at night to conserve fuel. we need to work at sustainability through our lifetime if we want to enjoy good health and physical fitness. and that many new skis will continue to go to landfills. buying more sustainable products. especially carbon dioxide. SKIS: The ski production process releases to the atmosphere toxic products. there are structural solutions that address the underlying cause of problems and often require action by governments and nations. Secondly. etc. . all skis are made from some combination of wood. By creating ski resorts we are changing the original natural ecosystem of the mountains. This involves removing trees and grading the land into suitable runs. some choices are small. aluminum and carbon fiber (which are materials made of non renewable natural resources and some of them fabricated by a contaminating industrial process). recycling so we can keep reusable material out of the landfill. to do this sport we use certain equipment: Skis and ski sticks. chemically bonded by epoxy resin. This means that animals. These practices usually occur when governments enact policies and laws that encourage or discourage certain behaviors by large segments of the population. supporting government policies that encourage sustainability. such as riding a bike or walking to school instead of driving. Furthermore. contributing to the global warming. pylons and structures for ski lifts must be installed.

the government buys participations in the surrounding business (hotels. the cultural background of many mountain villages is changed by absentee ownership of local properties that are only occupied for a very small part of the year. Furthermore we are replacing trees by hotels. restaurants. in order to increase the ingresses. enjoying and having fun. the great influx of clients also creates an important amount of waste. . In addition. That is why we could say that this activity contributes to our quality of life. y SOCIETY Skiing benefits us in many ways. Not everybody has the chance to benefit from skiing in the same way. restaurants. Consequently. y ECONOMY Economically. etc. the pass. it is true that all the valleys want to have their own resort ski as it contributes to the entrance of money to the community: it creates job. some other does not have even for food. etc. They are government proprieties and usually it is not enough with de passes selling to maintain it. and by relatively large numbers of tourists. While the last one is renewable. In some cases. While some people have enough money to go to ski regularly or very often. it is a great attraction for tourists. doing a healthy activity. benefit from this skier¶s afflux. incoming to a damaged environment. Then. We are in contact with nature.We are destroying the vegetation and losing. That is why we cannot consider ski an equitable activity. electricity is produced from nuclear energy. In some cases. part of the lungs of the planet and the rich variability of plants. bars. etc). fossil fuels. Just a few of them are rentable. with this. This sport doesn¶t contribute to the conservation of natural resources. coffees and other contaminating staff. Due to global warming. dooms or other pollutant and environmental damaging processes. The problem is that such an expensive sport (the equipment. The main resources needed to do this sport are electricity for transporting (ski lifts and chairlifts) and water (and electricity too) in order to produce the artificial snow. It takes five years for a cigarette butt to disintegrate. chemicals are added to ensure the formation of snow crystals increasing the environmental contamination. snow has become less reliable at lower altitudes and the use of artificial snowmaking has increased. It uses a great amount of them without letting them renew. In spite of this. it is necessary a help from the administration. there are great differences. the hotel. chairlifts. and all this hotels.) is not available for everybody. The garbage dropped on ski runs does not readily degrade. ski resorts are deficient. shops. We are also making harm to all the animals that lived in those forests and that will probably die.

This activity cannot be done without causing damage in the three areas.) it doesn¶t contribute to a healthy environment and neither to a healthy society. Some factory machines are wind-powered. . ski is not a sustainable activity.SUSTAINABILITY In conclusion. cutting trees as less as possible and respecting the nature. entrance of money and community¶s economic development. ³Sustainability is not a not a finished product but a work in progress. is usually deficient and doesn¶t contribute to natural resources conservation. On the contrary. many of the necessary materials used in ski manufacturing don't have eco-friendly alternatives yet. Although it has its positive things (it contributes to people¶s quality of life. Scientists are still investigating in order to build a totally organic ski.y CONCLUSION . Other practices could be keeping existing skis in service longer and try not to change the environment so much. poplar. etc. and boards are shipped factory direct to minimize transportation emissions and costs. several ski manufacturers are looking for greener materials and using sustainably grown and harvested wood for skis. Thus. such as farmed aspen. Every step we take in our lives takes us closer to or farther away from a sustainable world. in the future the next generations will not have the same opportunities to go to ski as people today. This is why. probably. It¶s up to each of us to decide what steps we are ready and willing to take on the road to sustainability´. consequently. the processes for making skis are improving too. But greener materials aren't the only way to make a better product. cork. it destroys and pollutes habitats for wildlife. but we could try to make it better: Unfortunately. affects culture. which are resources that regenerate quicker. They will not have the means necessaries if we run out of them. it creates jobs. uses non renewable resources. it attracts tourism and. is not equitable. They also try to find those materials close to home looking to reduce petroleum-intensive transportation. oak and bamboo.