Petroleum

Choose the correct option/s. One or more options may be correct. Q 1. Liquid hydrocarbons can be converted into a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons by (a) hydrolysis (b) oxidation (c) cracking (d) distillation under reduced pressure Q 2. Which of the following are obtained by the fractionation of coal tar? (a) Light oil (b) Heavy oil (c) Mineral oil (d) Vegetable oil Q 3. Petroleum consists mainly of (a) aromatic hydrocarbons (c) aliphatic alcohols Q 4. Petroleum is mainly a mixture of (a) alkanes (b) alkenes (b) aliphatic hydrocarbons (d) none of these (c) alkynes (d) alkyl halides

Q 5. The first product obtained during the fractional distillation of petroleum is (a) petroleum ether (b) diesel (c) kerosene (d) none of these Q 6. Which of the following fractions of petroleum has the lowest b.p.? (a) Diesel (b) Kerosene (c) Gasolene (d) Heavy oil Q 7. Paraffin wax is (a) an ester (c) a saturated hydrocarbon (b) an alcohol (d) an unsaturated hydrocarbon

Q 8. Natural gas is a mixture of (a) CO and N2 (b) CO and CO2 (c) CH4, C2H6 and C3H8 (d) CO2 , H2 and CH4 Q 9. Which of the following statements about natural gas are true? (a) It is a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons. (b) It is used in the manufacture of fertilizers. (c) It is a mixture of CO and H2. (d) It is used as a fuel. Q 10. Petroleum ether can be used as (a) a fuel (b) a solvent for fats, oils and varnish (c) both the above (d) none of these Gasoline has the composition (a) C3 −C5 (b) C6 −C10 (c) C8 −C12 (d) C10 −C13

Q 11.

Q 12.

Synthetic petrol is produced from water gas by the (a) Baeyer process (b) Fischer—Tropsch process (c) oxo process (d) Bergius process

Which of the following are present in coal tar? (a) Cresols (b) Alkenes (c) Cycloalkenes (d) Naphtha Q 24. straight-chain paraffins (II). Q 20. Branched-chain paraffins (I).4. What is the octane number of the fuel? (a) 35 (b) 65 (c) 30 (d) 100 Q 22. Which of the following is used as an antiknock compound? (a) TEL (b) Lead acetate (c) Ethyl acetate (d) All of these Kerosene has the composition (a) C5 − C8 (b) C8 − C12 (c) C12 − C16 (d) C16 − C18 Q 21.Q 13. Which of the following produce the highest knocking? (a) Olefins (b) Aromatic hydrocarbons (c) Straight-chain paraffins (d) Branched-chain paraffins The octane number of a fuel can be increased by (a) isomerization (b) alkylation (c) reforming (d) fractional distillation Q 15. Arrange the following in order of their knocking properties. The detection of leakage from LPG cylinders is facilitated by the addition of (a) phenols (b) glycols (c) thioalcohols (d) alcohol Q 14. olefins (III) and napthenes (IV) (a) I > II > III > IV (b) I > II > IV > III (c) II > I > III > IV (d) I = II > III > IV Q 23. Q 16. A sample of gasoline.triethylhexane (d) Iso-octane Which of the following has been given the octane number zero? (a) n-Octane (b) Iso-octane (c) n-Heptane (d) Tetraethyl lead (b) mosquito repellant (d) fire extinguisher Q 17. Tetraethyl lead is used as a (a) petroleum additive (c) painkiller Q 19. The quality of petrol is expressed by (a) its cetane number (b) its octane number (c) the presence in it of antiknock compounds . Which of the following has an octane number of 100? (a) 2. Q 18. on testing.2. 2-dimethylpentane’ (c) 2. 4-trimethylpentane (b) 2. behaves like a mixture of 65% iso-octane and 35% nheptane. The carbonization of coal is mostly useful for the production of (a) coke (b) coal-based organic chemicals (c) liquor ammonia (d) LPG Q 25. 2.

c 14.and branched-chain alkanes have octane numbers higher than those of the corresponding’ cycloalkanes. b 12. d 16. a. a. c 9. (b) The branching of the chain increases the octane number of a fuel.a. c 6. b 10. a. a. a 25. a 23. (d) Aromatic compounds have high octane numbers. a 11. c 21. Which of the following statements are correct? (a) Straight-chain alkanes have very low octane numbers. b 18. a. d 24. 1. d .(d) the presence in it of additives Q 26. c Answers 5. b 17. c 25. b. b 15. b. a 13. (c) Straight. c 8. b 3. c 22. a. b 2. c 20. b 4. b. a 19. b 7.