TDA2030A

18W Hi-Fi AMPLIFIER AND 35W DRIVER
DESCRIPTION The TDA2030A is a monolithic IC in Pentawatt ® package intended for use as low frequency class AB amplifier. With VS max = 44V it is particularly suited for more reliable applications without regulated supply and for 35W driver circuits using low-cost complementary pairs. The TDA2030A provides high output current and has very low harmonic and cross-over distortion. Further the device incorporates a short circuit protection system comprising an arrangement for automatically limiting the dissipated power so as to keep the working point of the output transistors within their safe operating area. A conventional thermal shut-down system is also included. TYPICAL APPLICATION

PENTAWATT ORDERING NUMBERS : TDA2030AH TDA2030AV

March 1995

1/15

TDA2030A PIN CONNECTION (Top view) TEST CIRCUIT THERMAL DATA Symbol Rth (j-case) 2/15 Parameter Thermal Resistance Junction-case Max Value 3 Unit °C/W .

2 ±2 ± 20 Typ.5 Po = 15W RL = 4Ω RL = 8Ω RL = 8Ω RL = 4Ω 15 10 13 18 12 16 100 8 80 26 0. ±6 50 0.08 0.5 25. Rg = 22kΩ Gv = 26dB. f2 = 15kHz 2f1 – f2 = 13kHz B = Curve A B = 22Hz to 22kHz B = Curve A B = 22Hz to 22kHz R L = 4Ω. B = Curve A PO = 15W PO = 1W (open loop) f = 1kHz R L = 4Ω.5 20 – 40 to + 150 V A W °C Unit V ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to the test circuit. Gv = 26dB f = 40 to 15000Hz VS = ± 19V BW SR Gv Gv d Power Bandwidth Slew Rate Open Loop Voltage Gain Closed Loop Voltage Gain Total Harmonic Distortion f = 1kHz f = 1kHz RL = 4Ω Po = 0.5%. f = 40 to 15 000Hz RL = 8Ω PO = 4W. Tj Supply Voltage Input Voltage Differential Input Voltage Peak Output Current (internally limited) Total Power Dissipation at Tcase = 90 °C Storage and Junction Temperature Parameter Value ± 22 Vs ± 15 3. ± 22 80 2 ± 20 ± 200 Unit V mA µA mV nA W d2 d3 eN iN S/N Second Order CCIF Intermodulation Distortion Third Order CCIF Intermodulation Distortion Input Noise Voltage Input Noise Current Signal to Noise Ratio 10 200 Ri SVR Tj Input Resistance (pin 1) Supply Voltage Rejection Thermal Shut-down Junction Temperature 3/15 .03 0. Max.1 to 9W. f = 100 Hz 0.TDA2030A ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol Vs Vi Vi Io Ptot Tstg. VS = ± 16V.08 2 3 50 80 106 94 5 54 145 26. RL = 4Ω f1 = 14kHz. Rg = 10kΩ. Tamb = 25oC unless otherwise specified) Symbol Vs Id Ib Vos Ios PO Parameter Supply Voltage Quiescent Drain Current Input Bias Current Input Offset Voltage Input Offset Current Output Power d = 0.1 to 14W f = 40 to 15 000Hz f = 1kHz Po = 0.5 kHz V/µsec dB dB % % % % % µV µV pA pA dB dB MΩ dB °C VS = ± 22V VS = ± 22V Test Conditions Min.03 0. f2 – f1 = 1kHz.5 0.

TDA2030A Figure 1 : Single Supply Amplifier Figure 2 : Open Loop-frequency Response Figure 3 : Output Power versus Supply Voltage Figure 4 : Total Harmonic Distortion versus Output Power (test using rise filters) Figure 5 : Two Tone CCIF Intremodulation Distortion 4/15 .

TDA2030A Figure 6 : Large Signal Frequency Response Figure 7 : Maximum Allowable Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature Figure 8 : Output Power versus Supply Voltage Figure 9 : Total Harmonic Distortion versus Output Power Figure 10 : Output Power versus Input Level Figure 11 : Power Dissipation versus Output Power 5/15 .

Board and Component Layout for the Circuit of Figure 12 (1:1 scale) 6/15 .TDA2030A Figure 12 : Single Supply High Power Amplifier (TDA2030A + BD907/BD908) Figure 13 : P.C.

5 Max. Rg = 10kΩ.5 Test Conditions Min. f = 40 z to 15Hz Vs = 39V Vs = 36V d = 10%. 44 Unit V mA W W W W dB V/µsec % % mV dB Gv SR d Voltage Gain Slew Rate Total Harmonic Distortion Gv = 20dB.5%. 36 50 35 28 44 35 20 8 Po = 20W Vi S/N Input Sensitivity Signal to Noise Ratio 0.05 890 108 100 20. f = 1kHz Vs = 39V Vs = 36V f = 1kHz f = 1kHz f = 40Hz to 15kHz 19. Typ. Po = 20W. f = 1kHz. RL = 4Ω.02 0.TDA2030A TYPICAL PERFORMANCE OF THE CIRCUIT OF FIGURE 12 Symbol Vs Id Po Parameter Supply Voltage Quiescent Drain Current Output Power Vs = 36V d = 0. B = Curve A Po = 25W Po = 4W Figure 14 : Typical Amplifier with Spilt Power Supply Figure 15 : P. Board and Component Layout for the Circuit of Figure 14 (1:1 scale) 7/15 .C. RL = 4Ω. RL = 4Ω RL = 4Ω.

these loudspeaker systems divide the audio spectrum into two or three bands. 35W for the midrange unit and 15W for the tweeter.C. Imbalance between the loudspeakers produces unacceptable results 8/15 therefore it is important to ensure that each unit generates the correct amount of acoustic energy for its segmento of the audio spectrum. VS = ± 16V) Figure 17 : P. To maintain aflat frequencyresponseover the Hi-Fi audio range the bands covered by each loudspeaker must overlap slightly.TDA2030A Figure 16 : Bridge Amplifier with Split Power Supply (PO = 34W. . In this respect it is also important to know the energy distribution of the music spectrum to determine the cutoff frequencies of the crossover filters (see Figure 18). As an example a 100W three-way system with crossover frequencies of 400Hz and 3kHz would require 50W for the woofer. Commonly. Board and Component Layout for the Circuit of Figure 16 (1:1 scale) MULTIWAY SPEAKER SYSTEMS AND ACTIVE BOXES Multiway loudspeaker systems provide the best possible acoustic performance since each loudspeaker is specially designed and optimized to handle a limited range of frequencies.

a high pass circuit followed by a low pass network. The power delivered to the midrange and the tweeter can be optimized in the design phase taking in account the loudspeaker efficiency and impedance (RL = 4Ω to 8Ω). In some applications. as required for the active filter operation. It employs 2nd order Buttherworth filters with the crossover frequencies equal to 300Hz and 3kHz. Obviously. active crossovers can only be used if a power amplifier is provided for each drive unit. In practice. The impedance at the pin (-) is of the order of 100Ω. The rather poor out of band attenuation of single RC filters means that the loudspeaker must operate linearly well beyond the crossover frequency to avoid distortion.2kΩ R2 5. 9/15 . a complete 3-way 60W active loudspeaker system is shown in Figure 20. active filters do not suffer from the typical defects of passive filters: . complex filters are not really necessary and simple RC low-pass and high-pass networks (6dB/octave) can be recommended. which is also what was wanted.TDA2030A Figure 18 : Power Distribution versus Frequency A more effective solution. named ”Active Power Filter” by SGS-THOMSON is shown in Figure 19.power less . The proposed circuit can realize combined power amplifiers and 12dB/octave or 18dB/octave highpass or low-pass filters. while that of the pin (+) is very high.6kΩ R3 33kΩ Using this type of crossover filter. at the input pins of the amplifier two equal and in-phase voltages are available.06% (30W at d = 0. It is quite common that midrange and tweeter speakers have an efficiency 3dB higher thanwoofers. The component values calculated for fc = 900Hz using a Bessek 3rd order Sallen and Key structure are : C 1 = C2 = C3 22nF R1 8. In addition.5%). Figure 19 : Active Power Filter Both active and passive filters can be used for crossovers but today active filters cost significantly less than a good passive filter using air cored inductors and non-electrolytic capacitors.difficulty of precise design due to variable loudspeaker impedance. The result obtained are excellent because this is the best type of audio filter and the only one free from phase and transient distortion.increased impedance seen by the loudspeaker (lower damping) . With VS = 36V the output power delivered to the woofer is 25W at d = 0. This makes it particularly interesting and economically sound to use monolithic power amplifiers. The midrange section consists of two filters.

TDA2030A Figure 20 : 3 Way 60W Active Loudspeaker System (VS = 36V) 10/15 .

Unfortunately.e. The best known method for the measurement of TIM consists of feeding sine waves superimposed onto square waves. This application can supply 80 to 160WRMS.and it The ”inverting-sawtooh” method of measurement is based on the response of an amplifier to a 20kHz sawtooth waveform. Figure 21 : High Power Active Box for Musical Instrument can be used down to the values as low as 0. This problem is neatly avoided in the IS-TIM method by periodically inverting the sawtooth waveform at a low audio frequency as shown in Figure 24. i. Since transients occur frequently in music this obviously a problem for the designer of audio amplifiers. A new approach (see Technical Note 143) applied by SGS-THOMSON to monolithic amplifiers measurement is fast cheap-it requires nothing more sophisticated than an oscilloscope . In this area the use of several medium power amplifiers is more convenient than a single high power amplifier. direct voltage remains which indicates the amount of TIM distortion. The amplifier has no difficulty following the slow ramp but it cannot follow the fast edge. This method suffers from serious disadvantages : the accuracy is limited. heavy negative feedback is frequency used to reduce the total harmonic distortion of an amplifier. into the amplifier under test. Figure 23 : 20kHz Sawtooth Waveform Figure 24 : Inverting Sawtooth Waveform 11/15 .002% in high power amplifiers. 12 inch loudspeaker.TDA2030A MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS AMPLIFIERS Another important field of application for active systems is music. The output will follow the upper line in Figure 23 cutting of the shaded area and thus increasing the mean level. A typical example (see Figure 21) consist of four amplifiers each driving a low-cost. If this output signal is filtered to remove the sawtooth. When a feedback amplifier receives an input signal which rises very steeply. which tends to aggravate the transient intermodulation (TIM situation. the feedback can arrive too late so that the amplifiers overloads and a burst of intermodulation distortion will be produced as in Figure 22. and it is also more realiable. contains high-frequencycomponents. the measurement is a rather delicate operation and an expensive spectrum analyser is essential. although it is difficult to measure because it is indistinguishable from the DC offset of the amplifier. Figure 22 : Overshoot Phenomenon in Feedback Amplifiers TRANSIENT INTERMODULATION DISTORTION (TIM) Transient intermodulation distortion is an unfortunate phenomen associated with negative-feedback amplifiers.and sensitive . The output spectrum is then examined using a spectrum analyser and compared to the input.

It is essential to take into account all the working conditions. peak-to-peak output voltage is 20V then. In any working case it must provide a supply voltage less than the maximum value fixed by the IC break-down voltage. Figure 26 : TIM Design Diagram (fC = 30kHz) POWER SUPPLY Figure 25 : TIM Distortion versus Output Power Using monolithic audio amplifier with non-regulated supply voltage it is important to design the power supply correctly. Slew-Rates of 100/µs are not only useless but also a disadvantage in Hi-Fi audio amplifiers because they tend to turn the amplifier into a radio receiver. the TIM can be found very simply from: VOUT ⋅ 100 TIM = Vsawtooth In Figure 25 the experimental results are shown for the 30W amplifier using the TDA2030A as a driver and a low-cost complementary pair. The TDA2030A(VS max = 44V) is particularly suitable for substitution of the standard IC power amplifiers (with VS max = 36V) for more reliable applications. which can be measured easily with an oscilloscope. referring to the diagram. A simple RC filter on the input of the amplifier to limit the maximum signal slope (SS) is an effective way to reduce TIM.TDA2030A In the case of the sawtooth in Figure 25 the mean level was increased by the TIM distortion. For example if an anti-TIM filter with a cutoff at 30kHz is used and the max. The result is an AC signal at the output whole peak-to-peak value is the TIM voltage. As shown Slew-Rates of above 10V/µs do not contribute to a further reduction in TIM. a Slew-Rate of 6V/µs is necessary for 0. Figure 27 : DC Characteristics of 50W Non-regulated Supply The diagram of Figure 26 originated by SGSTHOMSON can be used to find the Slew-Rate (SR) required for a given output power or voltage and a TIM design target. using a simple full-wave rectifier followed by a capacitor filter. If the peak-to-peak value of the signal and the peak-topeak of the inverting sawtooth are measured. is shown in the table 1 and in the diagram of Figure 27.in particular mains fluctuationsand supply voltage variations with and without load.1% TIM. for a sawtooth in the other direction the opposite is true. An example. 12/15 .

THERMAL SHUT-DOWN The presence of a thermal limiting circuit offers the following advantages: 1.6V 26.TDA2030A Table 1 Mains (220V) + 20% + 15% + 10% – – 10% – 15% – 20% Secondary Voltage 28. Even if with a regulated supply higher output power can be obtained (VS is constant in all working conditions). there are fewer designe restriction. The heatsink can have a smaller factor of safety compared with that of a conventional circuit. the junction temperature increases up to 150oC.6V 36. This function can be considered as being peak power limiting rather than simple current limiting. An overload on the output (even if it is permanent). Different values can be used.4V 30.3V APPLICATION SUGGESTION The recommended values of the components are those shown on application circuit of Figure 14.2V 41. when signal peaks are present.2V 32. In average conditions. R1 R2 R3 R4 Recom.6V 20. with consequently large overdimensioning of the circuit.1µF 100µF 0. There is no possibility of device damage due to high junction temperature.8V 27. the continuous power supplied is lower.2V DC Outpu t Voltage (Vo) Io = 0 43. In fact. C6 C7 C8 D1.3V 38.8V Io = 0. Using non-regulated supplies.4V 24V 21. C4 C5. The Table 2 can help the designer. If for any reason. the additional cost and power dissipation do not usually justify its use. with space saving and cost reduction.5V 29.8V 34. the thermal shut-down simply reduces the power dissipation and the current consumption. They are only a small percentage of the total music signal.22µF 1 ≈ 2 πBR1 1N4001 Purpose Closed loop gain setting Closed loop gain setting Non inverting input biasing Frequency Stability Larger than Recommended Value Increase of gain Decrease of gain (*) Increase of input impedance Danger of oscillation at high frequencies with inductive loads Poor High Frequencies Attenuation Smaller than Recommended Value Decrease of gain Increase of gain Decrease of input impedance R5 C1 C2 C3. Value 22kΩ 680Ω 22kΩ 1Ω ≅ 3 R2 1µF 22µF 0.4V 39. or an above limit ambient temperature can be easily supported since the Tj cannot be higher than 150oC.4V 19. D2 Upper Frequency Cut-off Input DC Decoupling Inverting DC Decoupling Supply Voltage Bypass Supply Voltage Bypass Frequency Stability Upper Frequency Cut-off Danger of Oscillation Increase of low frequencies cut-off Increase of low frequencies cut-off Danger of Oscillation Danger of Oscillation Larger Bandwidth Smaller Bandwidth Larger Bandwidth To protect the device against output voltage spikes (*) The value of closed loop gain must be higher than 24dB. SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION The TDA2030A has an original circuit which limits the current of the output transistors.1A 42V 40. 2.6V 28.5V 35. It reduces the possibility that the device gets damaged during an accidental short circuit from AC output to ground.5V 35V 31. A regulated supply is not usually used for the power output stages because of its dimensioning must be done taking into account the power to supply in the signal peaks. 13/15 .8V 26V 24.8V 28V Io = 1A 37. The music power/continuous power ratio is greater in this case than for the case of regulated supplied. Table 2 Comp.2V 31V 27. the capacitor filter acts as a flywheel supplying the required energy.

1 6 4.8 10.157 3.047 0.014 0. mm TYP.144 0. A C D D1 E F F1 G G1 H2 H3 L L1 L2 L3 L5 L6 L7 M M1 Dia MIN.409 0.2 0.4 10.594 0. MAX.886 3 15.126 0.65 0.142 0.055 0. MAX.05 17.4 22.396 0.022 0.276 0.622 0.189 0.8 1.4 MIN.5 2.409 2.4 6. inch TYP.102 0.4 0.85 15. 0.8 1.620 0.152 0.55 1.05 1.75 21.268 10.6 0.236 0.260 0.85 0.094 0.039 0.843 0.TDA2030A PENTAWATT PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA DIM.134 0.4 1.177 0.5 4 3.6 15.8 6. 4.053 0. F L6 14/15 H2 L7 F1 G G1 M M1 .041 0.37 2.260 L E L1 A C D1 L2 L5 L3 D H3 Dia.35 0.054 0.703 0.110 0.8 1 3.031 0.118 0.35 0.

This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. 15/15 .Sweden .Italy .Korea . © 1995 SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics .All Rights Reserved PENTAWATT ®is a Registered Trademark of SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia .United Kingdom .Malta . However.Taiwan . SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components inlife support devices or systems without express written approval of SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics.France .Thaliand . Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice.Morocco .The Netherlands .Switzerland .S.Malaysia .U.Brazil .Japan .TDA2030A Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable.Hong Kong .Germany .A.Singapore Spain . No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics.