The Baluchistan sovereignty and global peace

Self-determination has been endorsed and defined by the International Court of Justice as the need to pay regard to the freely expressed will of peoples. The right of self-determination of peoples is a fundamental principle in international law. It is embodied in the Charter of the United Nations and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Common Article 1, paragraph 1 of these Covenants provides that: "All peoples have the rights of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development." The right of self-determination has also been recognized in other international and regional human rights instruments such as Part VII of the Helsinki Final Act 1975 and Article 20 of the African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights as well as the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Territories and Peoples. Baluchistan is situated at the confluence of three zones which are now threatening not only the regional but the global security and peace. The Shia fundamentalism in the west, the Taliban terrorists in the north and the Pakistani religious fundamentalist state in the east with Baloch Land imbedded by geography in the centre of what is now the most dangerous zone on this planet earth. The most obvious physical results of a sovereign secular Baluchistan would be the geographical separation of the Shia fundamentalism and Sunni fanaticism. It will also mean a strong watching corridor against the rising Arab fundamentalism in the gulf region. A secular democratic Baluchistan will be an oasis in the vast desert of fundamentalism and terrorism. Pakistan and Iran are no doubt the epicenters of terrorism and religious fundamentalism. It is an open secret that Pakistan is exporting terrorism in India, Afghanistan, Chechnya, China and Europe. Iran is also supporting terrorist activities in the Middle East and is one of the factors in the continued turbulent situation in the region. Allowing the Baloch to exercise their right of self determination will lead to the achievement of this right by the other subjugated nationalities like Sindhis, Kurds, Azeris, Seraikis and other in Iran and Pakistan. Emergence of democratic and secular sovereign states in the region will be a counter check for the religious fundamentalist states of Pakistan and Iran contributing to regional and world security. Uninterrupted access to energy resources is vital for peace and prosperity of a future world. Baluchistan stretching from Turkmenistan to Indian Ocean is vital in securing energy transfer from Central Asia to other parts of the world. The international community should not look with favor at the prospect of vast and strategically economically important region of south central Asia being controlled by an amalgamation of religious fundamentalist states with hegemonic mindset and with an agenda for international terrorism. The UN Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples states that ³the subjection of peoples to alien subjugation, domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental human rights, is contrary to Charter of the United Nations and is an impediment to the promotion of world peace and co-operation.´ Without giving the right of self determination to the Baloch, it is hard to make and maintain peace in the South and Central Asia. An independent Balochistan¶s role as a democratic and secular state is extremely valuable for the West in their efforts to fight the growing menace of Islamic terrorism and religious fundamentalism. The international community must get

The PPP-initiated process of reconciliation and conflict resolution should be exclusive. despite the recognition of right of self determination as the inalienable right of all nations. There have been repeated packages. demilitarisation. or will be taken care of at some unspecified time in the future'. The belated and half-hearted olive branch offered by Islamabad¶s weak-kneed political establishment has been unanimously rejected by Baloch nationalists. The recent package holds no concrete assurances on Balochistan¶s political. an end to the practice of disappearances. including an end to the oppressive regime in the province. even during the Musharraf era. Sadly. or will be considered. facilitated by international mediators so that peace talks can be held in depth and in a more trusted environment. The peace process must be genuine. The states which are occupying the Baloch Land are denying the Baloch the enjoyment of their right to exist. In fact. have led to an explosive situation that seriously threatens regional and global peace and security. which has been the central demand of the Baloch people. and denied freedom and dignity. (b) involving experienced mediators and facilitators to aid the peace process and monitor implementation and (c) guarantees. including international guarantees by reputable institutions. The Baloch people believe they have been repeatedly betrayed by the establishment. . including the Baloch people¶s right to self-rule and control over natural resources. The systematic repressive tactics used by Iran and Pakistan for decades to counter the Baloch demand for national right of self determination. the crisis of confidence between the Baloch and Islamabad is one of the major reasons for the strong reaction from Balochistan with regard to Islamabad¶s unattractive and impractical µpackage¶. The 2004 committee was eyewash ² the bulk of its members were irrelevant to the conflict and their presence complicated the peace and political processes. The majority of issues in the package are either 'under consideration. that Islamabad cannot be trusted anymore and the right of national self-determination is the only way out of the crisis. For securing a long lasting peace and security situation in the region it is imperative that the unjust state boundaries should be readjusted and the divided Baloch should be united. economic and administrative future. and a total halt to controversial development projects.involved in the conflict between the Baloch and the occupying states. Future guarantees must include the Baloch people¶s right to self-determination in case of any misadventure by the central government. To end this deadlock there is a need to revitalize the peace process following some basic steps: (a) fasttrack confidence-building measures. Situations of tension persist wherever peoples are deprived of their rights. arrest and trial of µculprits¶. or will be inquired into. the PPP-led committee is following the futile road taken by the dodgy parliamentary committee on Balochistan established during the Musharraf regime. the need to release and for heavy compensation for all missing persons. based on past experience. There are two major interrelated obstacles to permanent peace in Balochistan: (1) the establishment in Islamabad believes that it has the sovereign right to confiscate Baloch natural wealth and (2) Baloch political parties are of the opinion. For Islamabad to make any headway in this region it needs to do a lot more than just offer unconvincing promise-oriented packages. in fact all controversial and exploitative developments were termed µpackages¶. and there is no way to trust Islamabad¶s unilateral offer without firm internal and external guarantees.

and their human and citizens¶ rights violated. rather than using old-fashioned tactical language. The much talked about µpolitical amnesty¶ is in fact a very offensive. Monitoring is not about the implementation of certain decisions. Monitoring and implementation constitute a most important and challenging part of any conflict¶s resolution. The promise with regard to the deletion or transfer of the concurrent legislative list is pending since 1973. composed of representatives and monitors from the European Union and countries like Norway. people have been subjugated. Since political promises are repeatedly dishonoured in Pakistan. linguistic or cultural differences. the central government is just considering the deletion of the concurrent list. Political experts understand that Baloch demands can only be accommodated through principal restructuring of the constitution. a road map and timetable for Balochistan¶s demands. . which have vast experience in monitoring and implementing peace deals. their basic needs ignored. A Balochistan monitoring mission should have been set up. There have been judicial inquiries. there is little hope to satisfy the aggrieved Baloch masses that Islamabad¶s µconsiderations¶ with regard to political empowerment of the province will materialise. provocative term. commissions and reports with regard to all the relevant issues. going beyond the concurrent list towards asymmetric federalism. Fancy promises lacking the potential for action in the administrative part of the package will further complicate many issues which need quick resolution through sincere executive orders. Even during the tenure of so-called democratic governments ordinary and unarmed political activists are being abducted on a daily basis. It is frequently proposed as a solution to the dissatisfaction that arises when one or two constituent units feel that they have significantly different needs from the others as a result of ethnic. Islamabad has accepted much of the blame for wrongdoing in the province and apologised for transgressions. What is missing is the will to implement these orders. Contrary to the constitutional provisions. tone and implementation mechanism of administrative matters gives massive leverage to the central government and the concerned agencies to continue their ruthless policies and even justifies their actions under the cover of inquiry committees and commissions. It is a comprehensive mechanism and strategy to monitor and support the parties of the MoU with re-integration. as existing constitutional guarantees with regard to fundamental rights and economic wellbeing have been repeatedly violated by the central government. As mentioned in the text of the package. Since the overall approach to the peace process is flawed.On the constitutional amendment part there should have been a more clear vision. Islamabad needs to ask for amnesty from the oppressed Baloch masses for its unjustified actions. in which different constituent units possess different powers: one or more units has considerably more autonomy than the other provinces. assurance of human rights. the monitoring and implementation mechanism described in the package does not match any standards. The talk of constitutional amendments in the proposed µpackage¶ is not very attractive for the Baloch masses. Even court orders exist while the provincial assembly¶s unanimous resolutions have been passed. The PPP government ² if it is powerful enough ² has to come up with actions and decisions. Instead of issuing an amnesty. The language.

. the immediate release of political workers and political dialogue with major stakeholders in the province. Kohlu * Tracing missing citizens. economic and monitoring mechanism. Administrative matters: Rabbani said a fact-finding mission ± headed by a retired judge of the Supreme Court or a high court ± should be set up to determine the circumstances leading to the death of the late Akbar Bugti. Munir Ahmed and Muhammad Munir. Senator Mian Raza Rabbani ± who heads the committee that prepared the package ± tabled the recommendations divided into five categories: constitutional. stopping the construction of cantonments in Sui and Kohlu. adding that the construction of cantonments . limiting federal agencies¶ operations to terrorists and tracing the missing citizens. Key points: * Facilitation of political exiles¶ return to homeland * Immediate release of political workers * Launch of political dialogue with major Balochistan stakeholders * Fact-finding commission to investigate circumstances that led to Akbar Bugti¶s killing * Judicial inquiry into killing of three Baloch nationalist leaders * End to construction of cantonments * Withdrawal of armed forces from Sui. and cultural rights on provinces. withdrawing the armed forces from these areas. facilitating their immediate release * Provincial consent in launch of mega projects * 10 percent of profits to be allocated for development of areas with natural resources The package also proposes setting up of a fact-finding commission to investigate the circumstances that led to the death of Nawab Akbar Bugti. ³A judicial inquiry [should also] be ordered into the murder of Baloch leaders Ghulam Muhammad.. Since the central government is a party to the conflict. ³We are aware that a sense of deprivation prevails in provinces in the political and economic structures .´ he said. administrative.new legislation and many other demanding political issues. [we] are determined to correct the wrongs of history by conferring political.´ he said. political. µAghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan¶ package * Federal government unveils 39-point µAghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan¶ The federal government on Tuesday tabled the µAghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan¶ package ± based on 39 points ± at a joint sitting of parliament proposing the facilitation of the return of political exiles. economic. it is impractical for it to unilaterally control the monitoring and mplementation mechanism. a judicial inquiry into the killing of three Baloch nationalist leaders.

´ he said. ³A fact-finding commission must be formed ± which includes a member of the provincial superior judiciary and federal and interior ministers and home ministers ± to locate and identify missing citizens and facilitate their release. ³A judicial inquiry should be held into the allotment of land in Gwadar. the implementation of Article 160 of the constitution and the implementation of Articles 154. ³The return of political exiles ± except for those involved in terrorism ± should be facilitated and the Balochistan Local Government Ordinance and the Balochistan Police Order should be amended in accordance with the requirements of the province. and the rehabilitation of internally displaced persons from Bugti areas should be facilitated. Political matters: Rabbani said the federal government ± in consultation with the Balochistan government ± should immediately release all political workers ± except for those involved in serious crimes ± and launch political dialogue with major stakeholders to bring them into mainstream politics. Qila Saifullah and Zhob. Pishin. . PPL and Sui Southern Gas Pipeline Ltd.´ he said. Checkposts established by civil-armed forces should be redirected in accordance with the directions of the provincial government. ³The federal government should table a report on the implementation in parliament after every three months. adding that special packages must be announced for Sui and Kolhu areas.in Sui and Kolhu areas should be stopped. ³All mega projects should be initiated with the consent of the provincial government. Economic matters: Rabbani said the federal government should ensure the rationalisation of the royalty formula for natural resources. the role of federal agencies in the war on terror in provinces should be reviewed and the armed forces should be withdrawn from these areas. The federal minister for inter-provincial coordination shall certify to both houses of parliament the amount of money spent on the implementation of these proposals.´ said Rabbani. in addition to giving 10 percent of the total profits for the development of areas with natural resources.´ he said. They should also be produced in court and allowed access to counsels and meetings with relatives. 155. except for those involved in serious crimes. and provinces should be given their due representation in boards of directors of various companies ± such as OGDCL. Monitoring mechanism: Rabbani said it had been proposed that federal. and jobs from Grade 1 to 16 should be given to the local population. provincial and other agencies involved in the implementation of these recommendations brief the national security committee of parliament on a monthly basis. Other matters being considered include the effective implementation of Article 153 of the constitution. Qila Abdullah.´ he said. He also called for schemes which include the construction of small dams throughout the province ± particularly in Quetta. 156. 158 and 159 of the constitution. 157. Constitutional matters: Rabbani said a constitutional reforms committee of parliament and several suggestions ± such as the deletion of the concurrent list and restriction of the NFC Award criteria for provincial autonomy ± were under consideration.

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