Grain rules principles 1.

in a compartment filled with grain, exist a void space between the grain surface & the deckhead. 2. ship should have sufficient intact stability to provide adequate residual dynamic stability. 3. taken into account the adverse heeling effects caused by an assumed pattern of grain movements. 4. temporary grain fittings to reduce the effects of grain shift. 5. minimum level of acceptable stability for the carriage in terms of initial metacentric height, angle of heel due to assumed grain shift & residual dynamic stability. Stability criteria


The angle of Heel due to shift of Grain shall not be greater than 12° or angle at which deck edge is immersed ( for ships build after 94) whichever is least the net residual area between the heeling arm curve and the righting arm curve up to the angle of heel of maximum difference between the ordinates of two curves or 40° or the angle of Flooding , whichever is least . Shall in all condition of loading be not less than 0.075 metre radians: and The initial metacentric height after correction for the free surface effects of liquid in tanks shall not be less than 0.30m



3. to meet the intact stability characteristic as per IMO grain Rules. To reduce the adverse heeling effect of grain shift or limit the depth of cargo used for securing the grain surface. To eliminate the movement /shifting of grain. 2. .Comparison regulation for general cargo ship & specially suitable ship Securing of grain 1.

filled compartment . The end of all shifting boards should be securely housed with a 75 mm minimum bearing length. Methods of Securing Grain Filled Compartments Shifting Board Saucering Arrangement P/Filled Compartments Shifting Board Over stowing Strapping and Lashing Securing with wire Mesh Shifting board not less than 50mm thick.6 m below the surface of the grain after assuming it has shifted by 15 degrees. and where necessary supported by uprights. In filled compartment. after loading and trimming. pulses. Materials other than woods should have an equivalent strength to wooden shifting board. Partly filled compartment . barley. rye.grain . the bulk grain is at its highest possible level. after loading. overstowing . which is not filled to the maximum extent possible. seeds and process forms thereof. rice.covers wheat. whose behavior is similar to that of grain in its natural state. grain tight. must extend downwards from the underside of deck to at least 1/8 breadth of compartment or at least 0. oats.any cargo space in which. maize (corn).any cargo space in which.

2 m apart & 25mm wooden board laid on top of platform D. 1. consist of wooden bearer. a platform.If tarpaulin not available.G segregations ‡ ‡ ‡ Applies to cargo on or under deck Incompatible Goods shall be segregated from one another Two substances are considered mutually incompatible when their stowage together may result in undue hazards due to leakage or spillage or any other accident The extent of Hazard arising from possible reactions my vary hence the segregation requirements Segregation is obtained by maintaining certain Distances or by presence of one or two steel bulkheads or decks or combination ‡ ‡ .

but not mass explosion hazard .Gunpowder Projection hazard.3 1.5 1.6 Mass explosion hazard.Incendiary ammunition Small hazard .Class 1 hazard divisions 1.Rockets & missiles Fire hazard & minor blast / projection hazard . instantaneous .2 1. do not apply to ships stores and equipment.1 1.Consumer fireworks Insensitive explosives .4 1. ‡ .Blasting explosives Extremely insensitive detonating substances Regulation 1 Application ‡ applies to dangerous goods carried in packaged form or in solid form in bulk (in all ships to which the present regulations apply and in cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage).

provided with distinctive labels or stencils of the labels. labeling and placarding ‡ ‡ durably marked with the correct technical name. So disposed as to prevent movement and ensure that the receptacle remains surrounded. any interior surface with which the contents may come in contact is not dangerously affected by the substance being conveyed. tested. To supplement each Contracting Government shall issue.‡ The carriage of dangerous goods is prohibited except in accordance with the provisions of this part. detailed instructions on safe packaging and stowage of dangerous goods which shall include the precautions necessary in relation to other cargo. ± ‡ use of absorbent or cushioning material is customary in the packaging of liquids in receptacles. . ‡ Regulation 2 Classification Regulation 3 Packaging ‡ The packaging shall be: ± ± Well made and in good condition. so as to make clear the dangerous properties of the goods contained therein. ± ‡ Receptacles containing dangerous liquids shall have ullage at the filling temperatures sufficient to allow for the highest temperatures during the course of normal carriage. as appropriate. or placards. trade names alone shall not be used. that material shall be: ± ± Capable of minimizing the dangers to which the liquid may give rise. and Capable of withstanding the ordinary risks of handling and carriage by sea. maintained and correctly filled. and sufficient quantity to absorb the liquid in the event of breakage of the receptacle. ‡ ‡ Regulation 4 . unless adequate measures has been taken to nullify any hazard. Empty unclean receptacles which have been used previously for he carriage of dangerous goods shall be subject to the provisions of this part for filled receptacles.Marking. Cylinders or receptacles for gases under pressure shall be adequately constructed.

Explosives (except ammunition) shall be stowed in a magazine which shall be kept securely closed while at sea. Dangerous goods in packaged form which give off dangerous vapours shall be stowed in a mechanically ventilated space or on deck. Incompatible goods shall be segregated from one another. Packages containing dangerous goods shall be so marked and labelled except that: ± Packages containing dangerous goods of a low degree of hazard or packed in limited quantities. Electrical apparatus and cables in any compartment in which explosives are carried shall be so designed and used as to minimize the risk of fire or explosion.‡ marking information will still be identifiable on packages surviving at least three months immersion in the sea. labelled or placard. flammable liquids or gases. and in proper condition for carriage ‡ ship carrying shall have a special list or manifest setting forth. -may be exempted from labeling requirements ‡ ± Regulation 5 Documents ‡ the correct technical name of the goods shall be used (trade names alone shall not be used) and the correct description give ‡ prepared by the shipper shall include a signed certificate or declaration that the shipment offered for carriage is properly packaged and marked. Regulation 6 . Dangerous good in solid form in bulk which give off dangerous vapours shall be stowed in a well-ventilated space. special precautions shall be taken where necessary against fire or explosion. . account shall be taken of the durability of the materials used and of the surface of the package. A detailed stowage plan which identifies by class and sets out the location may be used in place of such special list or manifest. packages that are stowed and handled in units that are identified by labels or placards.segregated from detonators. or When special circumstances permit.Stowage requirements stowed safely and appropriately in accordance with the nature of the goods. as appropriate. classification the dangerous goods on board and the location thereof.

Substances which are liable to spontaneous heating or combustion shall not be carried unless adequate precautions have been taken to minimize the likelihood of the outbreak of fire.o.s & other Generic Description . The documentation is prepared by the Shipper/Consignor prior shipment and transportation. ‡ The documentation must be kept in specific locations while the dangerous goods are in transport Shipper responsible for preparing and delivering shipping document to the carrier ‡ ‡ Primary Requirement For Documentation ‡ To Convey fundamental information relative to hazards of Goods ‡ Shipper responsible for providing description of Dangerous goods & any additional info if required Document may be in any Form provided it contains all info required as per the code Info required on Dangerous Goods Transport Document ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The UN number preceded by letter UN The proper shipping name Technical Name The Primary Hazard Class including Hazard Division & Compatibility Group Letter as applicable Subsidiary Hazard Class or Division Number as per subsidiary risk label Packaging Group for Substances where assigned ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Info Supplementing the Proper Shipping Name (PSN) ‡ Technical Name for n. ‡ ‡ ‡ Dangerous goods in transport must be accompanied by physical documentation It must provide basic information about them. Dangerous Goods Documentation ‡ The underlying principle .

1 For infectious substances full name of Consignee shall be shown on document Additional info for goods of Class 7 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Name & Symbol for each radionuclide Description of physical & Chemical form of the Material Maximum activity of the radioactive content & mass of fissile material Category of Package . (21°C c. Net Explosive mass for Dangerous Goods Estimated Qty if in salvage packaging The number & type of Packaging In case of limited quantity the words LTD QTY shall be included For salvage packaging the word SALVAGE PACKAGE shall be included Substances when stabilized by temprature control the word STABILIZED shall be indicated Emergency Temp shall be indicated for self reacting substances of class4. Example of DG Description UN1098.(class 3) PG I. The minimum flash point shall be indicated.1.c. Marine Pollutant goods are identified as MARINE POLLUTANT For Dangerous Goods having Flash Point Below 60ºC c. MOLTEN or ELEVATED TEMPERATURE should be part of PSN & PSN is preceded by word HOT . class 6.) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Info on DG document in addition to Description ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The total Qty of DG by volume or Mass as appropriate.c. ALLYL ALCOHOL.‡ ‡ ‡ Technical or Chemical Group Names Empty Un-cleaned packaging of Class 7 shall be preceded by word EMPTY UNCLEANED For Waste Dangerous Goods (Other Than Radioactive Wastes) being transported for disposal PSN shall be preceded by the word WASTE Substance offered for transport in Liquid State at a temp > 100ºC or Solid State at a temp >240ºC.white/yellow Transport index Criticality safety index .

and in proper condition for transport in accordance with the applicable regulations. technical naming and securing and bracing of Dangerous Goods packages Flammability composition diagram .Goods ‡ An analysis of failings and shortcomings of carrying hazardous materials focussed on descriptions. marked. and labelled/placarded. indicated quantities. stowage. the signature may be replaced by Name in Capital Letters of Authorized Person to sign ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Analysis of Failings of D. and are in all respects in proper condition for transport according to applicable international and national Government Regulations . marking of overpacks. The text for this certification is: I hereby declare that the contents of this consignment are fully and accurately described above by the Proper Shipping Name. labelling. and are classified. distinguishing between hazardous and non-hazardous materials. unauthorised packages. handling and unloading of the package Container including special stowage provisions for dissipation of heat Restriction on the mode of transport & any routing instructions Emergency arrangement appropriate to the consignment ‡ ‡ ‡ DG transport Document Certification ‡ To certify that a consignment is acceptable for transport and the goods are properly packaged marked and labelled. The certification shall be signed by the shipper/consignor Where DG Goods documentation is presented in EDP (Electronic Data Processing) or EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) transmission techniques.‡ ‡ Identification mark of competent authority approval certificate For multiple packages in container detailed statement for contents of each package Info on Transport Document Regarding Action by Carrier ‡ Supplementary requirements for loading. certification. transport. packaged.

Single stage 2.O.W 1.Method of C. Multi stage .

If the slop tank has been used for load-on-top purpose. . any water in the cargo which may be settled as a water bottom should be drawn from each tanks. Before washing. Washing should only be carried out when the tank oxygen level is below 8%. 4. Any part of the washing system which extends into E/R and the water heater if fitted must be blank off. Cargo transfer and cargo sampling depressurized the cargo tanks before manual gauging or sampling and re-pressurized back after done. Loading venting the inert gas through the mast riser or individual tank venting system to avoid excessive pressure. 9. 7. 6. 8. Personal must be trained for dual operation of discharge and washing at the same time. Loaded condition maintain the positive pressure of at least 100 mm water gauge. 6.Precautions C. 2. C. 8. drained and flushed with water after use. 4. Crude oil washing maintain the positive pressure and oxygen content less than 8% by volume. 2. 3. Ballast condition . 5. 5. 3.W 1. C/L and oil record book properly filled.maintain the positive pressure and oxygen content less than 8% by volume.W system should be checked frequently during the operation. Operators should refer to the manual.O. Use of I. Inerting of tanks . Port authorities and terminal operators must be notified. 7. should be completely discharged and refilled with fresh crude before using it for washing purpose. Tank cleaning should be washed in the inert condition and under a positive pressure.tanks that have been cleaned and gas-freed should be re-inerted until the oxygen content is less than 8% by volume.G 1.O. 10. Discharge of water ballast maintain the positive pressure and oxygen content less than 8% by volume. A cautionary notice should be posted.

. 10.increase the oxygen content of 21% by volume and LFL less than 1%. 11. 12. Tank entry .i) Tank Washing Machine Capacity less than 60 Cubic Meter/Hour & . Gas-freeing increase the oxygen content of 21% by volume and LFL less than 1%. and existing tankers of 40 000 tons dwt and above must have either COW or segregated ballast tanks.The IMO International Conference on Tanker Safety and Pollution Prevention which was held in 1978 issued Protocols to existing SOLAS and MARPOL conventions. Purging prior to gas-freeing reduce the concentration of hydrocarbon vapour to 2% by volume. In accordance with the SOLAS 1978 Protocol every COW tanker must have an inert gas system.9. The MARPOL 1978 Protocols requires COW in new crude carries of 20 000 ton dwt and above.iii) For Product Tankers between 20-40.000 DWT Keel laid after 1-9-84  Exception for Existing Tankers (Keel Laid prior 84) . Rules and regulation approval why IG why COW under what rules COW . Re-inerting after the tank entry Inert gas must on tankers  Required Under Regulation 60 of SOLAS  For All Petroleum Tankers more than 20.000DWT tank washing Machine Capacity less than 60 cubic meter/Hour  Tankers fitted with IGS to keep COT inerted at all times Requirement for Operation & Equipment Manual  Every Crude tanker operating COW  Must for all crude oil tankers over 20000 Dwt fitted COW system  Under Regulation 13B of MARPOL 73/78  Shall provide details of system and equipment  Specify Operational Procedures  Designed By Classification Society  Shall be approved by administration 1.ii) Unreasonable & Impracticable due to design determined by Administration .

The 1978 Protocol to SOLAS came into force on 1st May 1981.iii) For Product Tankers between 20-40.000DWT tank washing Machine Capacity less than 60 cubic meter/Hour  Tankers fitted with IGS to keep COT inerted at all times Initial Approval of Cow System . All new tankers of 20 000 metric tons deadweight and upwards shall have an inert gas system.  Required Under Regulation 60 of SOLAS  For All Petroleum Tankers more than 20.ii) Unreasonable & Impracticable due to design determined by Administration . By the requirement of that Protocol all existing tankers of 70 000 metric tons deadweight and upwards had to have an inert gas system by 1st May 1983.I/G .i) Tank Washing Machine Capacity less than 60 Cubic Meter/Hour & .000 DWT Keel laid after 1-9-84  Exception for Existing Tankers (Keel Laid prior 84) . Existing tanker for the purpose of the Protocol refers to ships which were in existence on the date of entry into force of the Protocol. existing crude carriers of 20 000 metric tons deadweight and upwards and existing product carriers of 40 000 metric tons deadweight and upwards had to have and inert gas system by 1st May 1985. New tanker for the purpose of the Protocol means a vessel for which the contract was placed after 1st June 1979 or was in an early stage building on 1st January 1980 or which was delivered after 1st June 1982.