Bangalore University Chemistry for B.

Sc (Triple Main) Semester Scheme

I Semester: CHEMISTRY PAPER (GENERAL)
Chapter 1: Mathematical Concepts

55Hrs

Logarithmic Relations, curve sketching, linear graphs and calculation of slopes, differentiation of Functions like er, log x, sin x, maxima and minima, partial differentiation, integration of some useful, relevant functions; permutations and combinations, probability.
Chapter 2: Quantum Mechanics Atomic Structure

14Hrs

Black body radiation, planks radiation law, Photoelectric Effect. Review of Bohr model, derivation of expressions for radius and energy of hydrogen atom, calculation of wave numbers of spectral lines of different series in the hydrogen spectrum, calculation of ionization energies of hydrogen like atoms. Defects of bohr model. Compton effect. De Brogile matter waves, Heisenberg uncertainly principle. Atomic Orbitals, Sinisidal wave equation, Hamittonian operator, Schrodinger wave equation, particle in a one dimensional box, postulates of quantum mechanics Scrodinger wave equation for Matom and its separation into three equations (no derivation required), significance numbers, radial and angular wave functions and probability distribution curves, shapes of S, P and d orbitals, Paulis exclusion principle, hund’s multiplicity rule, Aufbau principle. Electronic configurations of elements (upto atomic number 80).
Chapter 3 : Periodic Properties

Atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity and electro negatively – definition, methods of determination or evaluation, trends in the periodic table and applications in predicting and explaining chemical behavior. Modern periodic law , division of elements in the long form periodic table into s,p,d and f – blocks outer shell configuration of these groups, Comparitive study of groups 1,2, 16 and 17 with respect to electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radionization energy, electronegatively and compounds( halldes and carbonates of groups 1 and 2; diagnol relationship between Li and Mg; hydrides od groups 16 and 17)
Chapter 4 : Oxidation Numbers

Computation of oxidation numbers balancing of reds reactions, calculations of equivalent weight of oxidizing and reducing agents.
Chapter 5: colligative properties

Concept of vapour pressure, boiling point, freezing point and osmotic pressure, raoults law lowering of vapour pressure determination of the molecular weight of a non volatile solute using 1) Relative lowering of vapour pressure 2) Evaluation of boiling point 3) Depression in freezing point 4) Osmotic pressure of soluable by berkely – Harleys method Osmotic laws and analogy with laws relations ∆T, ∆T, and relative lowering of Chapter 6 : Classification & Nomenclature of Organic Compounds Introduction classification; IUPAC nomenclature of mono and bifunctional organic compounds Chapter 7: Basics of organic reaction mechanisms Types of bond cleavage ; reactive intermediates-carbocations, carbonions, carbon free radicals and carbones; assigning formal charges; types of reagents – electrophites and nucleophiles; types of organic reactions – additions, substitution and elimination with examples ; inductive and resonance effects. Chapter 8 : Allphatic Hydrocarbons Alkanes: Nomenclature and isomerism; general methods of preparation – Wurtz reaction, kolbe’s electrolysis, Corey-House reaction and decarboxylation of acids, Halogenation of alkanes – mechanism of free radical substitution, relative stability of free radicals, reactivity and selectively of chlorination and bromination (3 hrs) Alkanes Nomenclature and isomerism; general methods of preparation – dehydration of alcohols, dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides, regioselectivity, Saytzeff rule, Holmann elimination, Reactions of alkanes - mechanism of electrophilic addition, relative stability of carbocations, addition of H2, HX, H2O, Markownikoffs Rule, antiMarkownikoff addition (peroxide effect),oxymercuration-demercuration, hydroboration – oxidation, catalytic hydrogenation, epoxidation, oxidation with KMno4 and ozonolysis, 1,3-Butadiene – structure; 1,2 &1,4 additions and Diels-Alder reaction (3 hrs) Alkynes: Nomenclature; general methods of preparation – dehydrohalogenation of vicinal and geminal dihalides and higher alkenes from terminal alkynes; reactions of alkynes – electrophillc nature of terminal alkynes (2 hrs) Chapter 9 : Allcyclic Compounds 2Hrs Cycloalkanes – nomenclature, methods of preparation, chemical reactions, Baeyer’s strain theory and Sachse Mohr theory. Chapter 10 : Conformations of Hydrocarbons Conformations of ethane, butane and cyclohexane 2 Hrs

superconductors. N2. BCl3. diborane.(b) vander waals forces-noble gases. Molecular orbital theory – H2.sp. ICI2. ICI4.BF3. concept of resonance-CO2. Chapter 4 : Silicates 2Hrs Principles of silicate structure.hydrazine. O2. VSEPR theory – shapes od CH4. separation form liquid air .II SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER2 (General) Chapter 1 : Chemical Bonding 13hrs Ionic bond – Lattice energy. properties of ionic compounds Covalent bond-valence bond approach. sulphuryl chloride. SO2. Metallic bond-band theory. properties and structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon. chlorobenzene. sulphur hexafluoride (d) Halogens-bleaching powder. biological molecules. Preparation . anthracene and phenanthrene). molecular crystals. isolation of helium from natural gas.BrF3. naphthalene. shapes of BeCl2. Fajans rules. nitrophenois. sp3d2. hybridization and directional characteristics. dipole moment. interhalogen compounds – CIF3. electrical properties of metals. NH3. borazole (b) Nitrogen. bond length. CO32.zeolite and water soluble silicates. semiconductors and insulators. Chapter 5: Non-aqueous solvents 2Hrs Liquid ammonia and liquid sulphur dioxide-solvent properties and typical reactions. hyperconjugation and resonance effects of these groups. classification of silicates . carboxylic acids. SF5. Chapter 6 : Aromatic hydrocarbons 10Hrs Nomenclature of benzene derivatives. hydrazoic acid (c) Sulphur-thionyl chloride. resonance structure and molecular orbital picture of benzene. Weak Interactions : (a) Hydrogen bond-intramolecular and intermolecular types. H20. Polarization concept. bond angle and bond energy. Chapter 2: Chemistry of noble gases 3 Hrs Discovery. applications. Born-Haber cycle. polar and nonpolar molecules. H2O. nitrobenzene and phenol. Chapter 3 : compounds of some non-metals 7 Hrs Synthesis. structure of SiO44-. alcohols. IF7. sp2. Aromatic electrophilic substitution – mechanisms of substituents in toluene. Born-Lande equation (derivation not required) calculation of lattice energies of NaCl and MgO. PCL5. anomalous properties of HF.Be2. hydroxylamine. kekule structure. boron trifluoride. NH3. sp3 sp3d. BrF5. Sicl4. Huckel’s aromaticity rule (ex: benzene. He2+. structure and applications of compounds of the following elements: (a) Boronboranes (classification). hydrogenation of aromatic .

SaytZeff and Hofmann eliminations. Chapter 9 : Liquid mixtures Completely miscible. closed and isolated.S. . verification. Heat capacity of gas at constant pressure and at constant volume. Distribution Law. verification. relative reactivity of alkyl. Principles of fractional distillation. isomerism and classification. level rule. First law of thermodyamics. side chain oxidation. concept of upper and lower critical solution temperature Effect of addition of salt on C. Distribution law. Raoult’s Law. mean free path. and applications. methods of preparation from alcohols and alkenes. Chapter 7 : Organic Halides Alkyl halides : Nomenclature. open.compounds. Elimination reactions – E1 and E2 mechanisms. Henry’s law of gas solubility and its applications. Types of processes. types of systems. Nucleophilic substitution reactions . of water and phenol.T. isothermal. adiabatic. vinyl and aryl halides towards substitution. Relation between the two Kirchoff’s equation. Vapour pressure – composition and point – composition and boiling point – composition curves. oxidation of naphthalene. collision frequency. Concept of internal energy. Aryl halides: Preparation by halogenation. heat and work. Ideal and nonidoal solutions. derivation of expression for most probable velocity. allyl. anthracene and phenanthrene. III SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER 3(GENERAL) Chapter 1: Gases 55Hrs Maxwell Boltzmann distribution of molecular velocities. significance of internal energy and enthalpy. Chapter 8 : Thermodynamics Definitions of thermodynamic terms – types of variables – intrinsic and extensive. and applications. definitions and expressions and expressions for ms velocity and average velocity (no derivation ) relationship between them.SN2 and SN2 mechanisms. Study of partially miscible pair of liquids. reversible and irreversible State functions – exact and inexact differentials. Fractional distillation of completely miscible pair of mixtures azeotropic mixtures. Steam distillation and applications. partially miscible and immiscible pair of liquids. work done in isothermal and adiable expansion and compression of an ideal gas. thermodynamic equilibrium.

neoprene. Chapter 3 : General study of d – and f – block elements 7 hrs. ion exchange method of separation of lanthanides magnetic and spectral properties. colour and magnetic properties. Polymer types – homo. Transition elements – electronic configuration. ketones and acids/esters. consequences of isnthanide contraction. oxidation.Andrews experiment on CO2. zone refining (c) Extraction of Ni from sulphide ore. atomic and ionic radii. Reactions of alcohols – acidic nature. redox potentials. hydroboration-oxidation and hydration of alkenes. Preparation of glycols from alkenes using OsO4 and KMNnO4 Thiois : Nomenclature. Chapter 5 : Alcohols & Thiols 9hrs Alcohols : nomenclature. comparison of the reactivity of 10. vapour phase. 20 and 30 alcohols. Chapter 2 : Oraganic and inorganic polymers Definition. differences between organicn and inorganic polymers addition. Fluorocarbons. interstitial compound formation. ionization energy. critical constants and their determination. Comparison of oxidation states. formation of alkoxides. Conducting polymers. silicones. phosphazenes. hetero. Cr from chromate ore. polyester types). Au from native ore (d) Extraction of thorium from monazite sand (e) Extraction of uranium from pitchblende and plutonium from nuclear fuel. Polymerisation. Polythene) : Fabrics – natural ad synthetic (acrylic. Chapter 4 : Metallurgy 7 hrs Thermodynamic concept. relationship with derwaals constant. oxidation states. Molecular weights of polymers. complex formation and magnetic properties of d – and f – block elements. selection of reducing agent using Ellingham diagrams (b)Refining of metals-electrolytic. Preparation and applications of plastics – thermosetting (Phenol-formaldehyde. oxidation states. atomic and ionic sizes. polyureihanes) thermodoftening (PVC. catalytic activity. . Determination by viscosity method. vulcanization. Lanthanides and actinides – electronic configuration. condensation. isomerism and classification: methods of preparation – reduction of a aldehydes. etherification. Buna-s. polyamido. Rubbors – natural and synthetic (butadiene). jouls-Thomson effect inversion temperature and their applications to the liquefaction of air and hydrogen law of corresponding states. methods of formation and chemical reactions. copolymers.

Determination of the order of reaction – differential method. carrot cycle and its efficiency. method of integration. Reaction – as Lewis bases (complication with metal Ions). Chapter 7 : Ethers & Thioethers 3 hrs Ethers : Nomenclature. Gibbs – Heimholiz equation. half life and mean life. first order.dehydration of alcohols and Williamson’s synthesis. Significance of entropy. cleavage and auto – oxidation. . mathematical characteristics of simple reactions. van’t Hoff isothere. mechanisms of reamer – Tirmann and Kolbe – Schmitt reactions. Criteria for equilibrium and spontaneous process. solvent. rate of a reaction – concentration. Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Heat engine. Third law of thermodynamics and concept of residual entropy. zero order. van’t Hoff Isotherm. Variation of free energy with pressure and temperature. Simple collision theory based on hard sphere model. free energy. Expression for the rate constant based on equilibrium congiant and thermodynamic aspects. Concentration dependence of rates. Radioactive decay as first order phenomenon. Qualitative treatment of Nemst heat theorem. light catalyst. transition state theory (equilibrium hypothesis).Chapter 6 : Phenols 2 hrs Acidic nature – comparison with alcohols and carboxyne acids. temperature. Epoxides : Preparation and reactions with carbon and nitrogen nuclophies Thioethers: Preparation and reactions. Chapter : 9 Thermodynamics II Need for the second law of thermodynamics – different ways of stating second law. work function and chemical potential. methods of preparation . second order. pressure. Clausius – Clapeyron squation and its applications. Chapter 8 :Organometallic compounds 2 Hrs Preparation and synthetic applications of a rig nard reagents. method of half life period and isolation method. Chapter 10 : Chemical kinetics 6 Hrs Chemical kinetics and is scope. reactivity and substitution reactions. calculations of entropy changes in different processes. organolithium compounds & lithium dialkyicuprates.

radioactive decay law. tempering. Definition of space lathice. cementite and pearlito phases. Artificial radioactivity-nuclear reactors. Mn. seven crystal systems. Symmetry elements in crystals. Alloy steols influence of Si. synthesis of ketons from nitriles and carboxyile acids Polarity of the carbonyl group. derivation of Bragg’s equation. unit cell laws of crystallography. anneallng. Ti and W on the properties of steel.IV SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER 4 ( General ) Chapter 1 : Nuclear and Radiochemistry Nucious – Structure and Instability. ZnS. CsCl. nonstolchiometric solids. Isotopes – use of Radioisotopes in tracer technique. preparation – oxidation of alcohols and carbonyl compounds and . agriculture. X ray diffraction of crystals. cannizzaro reaction benzoin condensation and acetyl formation reduction – Clemmendsen and Wolff-Kishner reductions. Classification. production of tungsten powder from wolframite. Techniques in production of metal powders. half-life. Chapter 3 : Powder Metaallurgy Advantage of powder metallurgy. liquids and gases. applications. Geiger-Muller and scintillation counters. structures of Nacl. structure and applications structures of ionic solids based on radius-ratio rules (calculations not required). ferrite. food preservation and carbon and tritium dating ( problems to be worked out) Chapter 2 : States of Matter & Structure of Ionic Solids Structural differences between solids. synthesis of aldehydes from acid chlorides. wies and miller indices. Binding energy calculations. condensation with NH3 . carbiding and nitriding. ferromanganese and ferrosilicon. gemstones. Ni. Chapter 4 : Steel Iron-Carbon phase diagram : austenite. Knoevenagel condensation benzoin condensation. reduction by LiAIH4 and NaBH4 Chapter 7: Carboxylic Acids and their Dnvatives Nomenclature acidic strength effect of substituent on the strength of allphatic and aromatic acids. medicine. Radioactive equilibrium. Carbon steel-classification Heat treatment hardening. mechanisms of aidol condensation. Elementary discussion of the liquid crystalline state. perian condensation. Cr. NH2NH2 and its derivatives. radioactive sense. Ferro-alloys-production of ferrochrome. F-centers. crystal coordination number. Chapter 6 : Aldehydes & Ketones Nomenclature. CaF2 and CaTO3. atomic energy programme in India. Aldol condensation. schottky and frenkel defects. Determination of the structure of NaCl and KCL by rotating crystal method.

sequence rules. Geometric isomerism. Chapter 2 : Amines Nomenclature and classification. optical activity. decarboxylation and reduction.formation of esters. BET equation (derivation not required ) and its application. Conformations of mono and disubstituted syslohexanes . molecular chirallty. reactions at the carbony Chapter 8 : Tautomerism & Enolates Tautomerism in carbonyl compounds. basic nature. nitriles. acid chlorides. properties of enantiomers. Two component systems-KI-water. racemisation and resolution Relative and absolute configuration. Determination of configuration of geometric isomers. amides and anhydrides. acidity of hydrogen atoms. chiral and achiral molecules with two stereogenic centers. reductive amination of carbonyl compounds. threo and erythro diastereomers. siastereomers. Heli-volhard-zelinski reaction. geometric isomerism in oximes and allcyclic compounds. Optical isomerism due to restricted rotation diphenyl systems. Reactions . Types of catalysis-homogenous and heterogeneous with examples. Reactions. Di and tricarboxylic acids – action of Heat on dicarboxylic acids. one component systems – water and sulphur.hydrolysis of nitriles. E & Z system of nomenclature. preparation of alkyl and aryl amines – reduction of nitro compounds. and their applications. V SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER 5 (ORGANIC) Chapter 1 : Sterochemistry 40 Hrs Elements of symmetry. preparation and synthetic applications of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate: Chapter 9 : Adsorption and catalysis Freundlich’s adsorption and Langmunirs isotherms. Catalysis: characteristics. halogenation of enollzable aldehydes and ketones. D & L and R & S and systems of nomenclature. stereogenic cenire. Chapter 10: Phase rule Statement and explanation of the terms with examples. meso compounds. enantiomers. Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Homann bromamide reaction. P8-Ag system Eutectic and freezing mixtures.

limonene and -carotene and their uses. ring structure of glucose in detail. vibrational transition. mannose and fructose. distinguishing reactions between 10. strychnine.Structures of maltos. colour and constitution. Disaccharides . identification of common functional groups. resonance and aromatic character of furan. NMR spectroscopy. classification.terpineol. general characteristics. Influence of conjuction on absorption. pyrrole. ibuprofen and sulphanitamide. Alkaloids (2 Hrs). auxochromes. classification of drugs.malachite green. applications in structural identification of simple organic molecules. piperidine and pyrrole. uses of quinine. mechanism of mutarotation. Chapter 4 : Natural Products Carbohydrates (4 Hrs) : Introduction. Chapter 5 : Spectroscopy Electronic Transitions. Soaps & Detergents: Comparison of soaps and detergents. . Chapter 6 : Industrial Organic Chemistry 5 Hrs Dyes: introduction. mechanism of electrophillc substitution. reserpine and nicotine. lactose and sucrose. camphor. comparison of basicity of pyridine.of amines as nucleoophiles diazotization. 20 and 30 amines. Preparation and reactions of indole. furan. basic principles of proton magnetic resonance. synthesis of detergents from benzene mechanism of action of detergents. synthese and uses of paracetamol chlorampheniool. classification and isoprene rule. cocaine. fingerprint region. Glycosidic bond. elucidation of stuctures and synthesis of citral and α . stretching and bending modes of vibrations. alizarin and indigo. Chapter 3 : Heterocyclic Compounds Structures. IR spectroscopy. classification. structures of galactose. synthesis of congo red. quinoline and isoquinoline. Synthetic applications of diazonium salts. zTerpenoids (3 Hrs) : Occurrence. Drugs: chemotherapy. influence of force constant and wtomic weight on IR absorption positions. morphine. pentothai. structure elucidation and synthesis of nocotene. chromophores. interconversion of glucose and fructose. structures of menthol. thiophene and pyridine Methods of preparation and reactions of pyrole. thiophene and pyridine.

dipole moment and its measurement by temperature and refractivity methods. common ion effect. Determination of Eth of an electrode. free energy of a cell reaction Types of electrodes(Cation reversible. 14Hrs. determination of solubility of a sparingly soluble salts. quinhydrone and glass electrodes. determination by moving boundary method. kohtrausch law and its applications. Concentration cells. convention of representing cells. dipole moment and structures of molecules. Electrodes standard Hydrogen Electrode. induced dipole moment. magnetic propertiesparamagnetic. reversible and irreversible cells. Conductometric thrations. Standard Weston cadinium cell. equivalent and molar conductances and their determination.V SEMESTER CHEMISTRY PAPER 6 (PHYSICAL) Chapter 1 : Electrochemistry 40Hrs. Redox potentials potentiometric titrations. Electrolytic and Galvanic cells. and glass electrodes Determination of PH using Hydrogen. Dabye-huckel-Onsager theory (quantitive treatment) Ionic product of water and its determination by conductivity method. EMF of cells and their determination Thernodynanic deduction of nermst equation. K Effect of temperature and concentration on degree of hydrolysis. anion reversible and redox electrode). Solubility product and its applications. Chapter 2 chemical & Ionic Equilibria 6hrs Equilibrium constant & free energy. Relationship between Kn. Kα. Quinhydrone. diamagnetic and ferromagnetic. . weak and strong electrolytes. Equilibrium constant of a cell reaction. buffers and mechanism of buffer action Chapter 3 Physical Properties and Molecular Structure 5hrs Polarization – Orientation of dipoles in an electric field. Limitations of Arrhenius theory. Hydrolysis of salts. Variation of conductance with concentration. Evaluation of pH at salt solutions. Transport number. Kw. Clausius – Mossatti equation. ionic equilibrium. abnormal transference numbers. Specific. le Chatolier’s principle and its application to different processes. Calomel electrode.

Electronic Spectra : Concept of potential energy curves for handling a antionding molecular orbitals . Grotthusdraper law. Isotope effect Vibrational Spectroscopy : Infrared spectra: Energy levels of simple harmonic oscillator. their energy Chapter 5 PHOTOCHEMISTRY 5 hrs Interaction of radiation with matter. Stark Einstein law. qualitative description of florenscence phosphorescence. selection rules. regions of the Spectrum. nomenclature of coordination compounds. Laws of photochemistry .[Fe(CN)6]4. ligands and their classification. [W(CH3)6] (b)metal carbonyts . Origin of stokes and anti-stokes lines. synthesis and structures of (a) K[PtCI3(n2-C2H4)] [Fe(n5-C6H6)2]. [Fe(CN)6]3 spectral properties of [Ti(H20)s]+3.Os. degrees of freedom. qualitative description of selection rules and Feanck-condon principle. EAN rule. Bioluminiscene. [Co(NH3)6)+3. Luminiscence. pure rotational and our vibrational raman spectra of diatomic molecules. energy levels of rigid rotor (semi-classical principles) selection rules. [CoCI4]-3 isomerism – structural and stereo types Organometallic compounds – ligands. intensity. Rotaional spectroscopy : Diatomic molecules. Detection of complex formation. nonradiative processes( internal conversion. Theories of structure and bounding Werners theory. Raman Spectra : concept of polarizability.Chapter 4 Spectroscopy Introduction : electromagnetic radiation. [(Cr(n6-C6H6)2]. x and nonbonding M. pure vibrational spectrum. Chemical sensors VI SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER 7( INORGANIC ) Chapter 1 COORDINATION & ORGANOMETALLIC COMPUNDS 40 Hrs. Qualitative description of α. tetrahedral and square planer complexes) Crystal field splitting and crystal field stabilization energies. determination of force constant and qualitative relation of force constant and bond energies. Magnetic properties of [CoF4)-3. janlonski diagram depicting various processes occurring in the excited state. statement of the Born Oppenheimer approximation. intersystem crossing) Dimerization of Anthracene. classification (hapticity). crystal field theory (octahedral. Beer-Lamberts law and its application. difference between thermal and photochemical processes. valence bond concept. coordination number. selection rules. 15 Hrs Coordination compouns. [Co(H2O)6]+2.

Lithopono and titanium white Fuels : characteristics. Wilkinsons catalyst in attend hydrogenation. accuracy and precision. tungsten carbide. Hg) poisoning. Zn. Cr(CO)6. . fire-and bullet proof glasses. production of coal gas and LPG. applications . glazing. preparation of dynamite and TNT. Propellents. borosilicate and optical glasses. reserve and production in India. Chapter 3 : industrial Materials Non-ferrous alloys-production. Chapter 4: Analytical Chemistry 5 Hrs Errors : Classification. role of cyanocobalamin in living systems. constituents and their significance. Paints and Varnishers – constituents of oil and emulsion paints and their role. varieties of clay. Gaseous fuels. Oxine. manufacture and importance of carborundum. Ceramics : raw materials. classification and their applications.advantages. classification. constituents of varnishers. Abrasives – Classification.Monsanto acetic acid process. . use of EDTA. applications Refractories-properties. DMG and o-Phenanthroline in the estimation of Mg. manufacturer of Portland cement. Applications of coordination /organometallic compounds platin in cancer therapy Na2CaEOTA in the treatment of heavy metal (Pb. insulators Cement : raw materials. determination of PCE values. flame photometric determination of sodium and potassium. Pigments-manufacturer and relative merits of white lead. hardness. Mn2(CO)10 Eighteen electron rule as copied to the above complexes. Explosives : Classification. grades.– NI(CO)4 Fe(CO)6. Coal varieties. alundum. Nl (by gravimetry) and Fe (by colorimetry) Electrogravimetric estimation of copper. types. Co2(CO)6. manufacture of soda. Organic reagents – advantages. production of ceramic ware. significant figures and computation. calorific value and its determination using bomb calorimeter.Characteristics. production of coke. Glass : Properties. Ca. Safety glass. setting process. metalloporphyrins with special reference to hemoglobin and myoglobin. Chapter 2 : Bioinorganic Chemistry Essentials and trace elements in biological processes.

active site. Chapter 3 Proteins α.simple and compound lipids. ionic properties and reactions of amino acids. Peptide bond and its planarity. Role of water in biological systems..amino acids – classification on the basis of polarity and chemical nature of R-groups. Cell membrane – fluid mosaic model. specificity. Oligosaooharides-isomaltose. Structure of DNA (Watson-Crick model) and RNA. Chapter 7. Cofactors. Nucleic acids Types. properties of triglycerides. Liposomes. Biological oxidation .VI SEMESTER : CHEMISTRY PAPER 8 (BIOCHEMISTRY) Chapter 1 : Introduction to Biochemistry Development of biochemistry. Biological roles of DNA and RNA Chapter 6. Levels of Organization of proteins – primary structures. secondary structure ( α-helix and . Biological importance. Chapter 2 Carbohydrates Classification. cellobiose. quaternary structure Chapter 5. Major functions of cell organelles. biological importance. Michaelis Menten Equation (derivation not required). Elemental and biochemical composition of living organisms. nucleosides and nucleotides. Proteins – biological importance. components of nucleic acids – bases. cellulose. Enzymes characteristics features (mention of ribozymes).pleat). tertiary structures and forces stabilizing it. Biological importance of triglycerides and phosphoglycerides. Competitive and noncompetitive inhibition. sugar phosphates. classification based on solubility and composition. Fisher and Koshland models. Polynucieotides. trehalose. Enzyme Kinetics-Factors affecting rate of enzymatic reactions. Chapter 3 Lipids Classification. structures of fatty acids triglycerides and phosphoglycerides. Polysaooharides – starch glycogen. classification(EC code number not required). Derived monosaooharides-amino sugars. sugar acids.

H. 4th Edition J. 1997 7. 5th Edition J. 2. TCA cycle. Urea cycle. Chapter 10.oxidation pathway. REFERENCES: Inorganic Chemistry 1.. P. 2002.Wiley Eastern Ltd. Molecular biology Central dogma of molecular biology. Keiter. Metabolism Catabolism and anabolism. 5. Blackwell Science. Fatty acid metabolism . energetics.A. Wilkinson.K. C. Huhee.. Replication of DNA – semi conservative mechanism. Nuclear and radiation chemistry Sharma B. classification into a) amino acid derivatives b) peptide and polypeptide hormones c) steroid hormones. Cotton. Coenzyme functions of B-complex vitamins. with important examples and functions. energetics.De. Advantage inorganic chemistry.F.A.Bioenergetics – ATP and other high energy compounds. Atkins and C. Carbohydrate metabolism – glycolysis.D. E. transamination and decarboxylation. Press.Langfor.A Murillo and M. Inorganic Chemistry. Harmones – definition. 6th Edition F. 1999 6. Protein metabolism – general aspects of amino acid degradation – deamination.Bochmann. Shriver. 2000 4. Energy coupling in biological reactions stepwise process of biological oxidation-mitchondrial electron tansport chain. ELBS 2nd Edition D. Vitamins and Hormones Vitamins – definition. Oxford Univ. Substrate-level phosphorylation. oxidation phosphorylation.K. 2001 3. Inorganic Chemistry. classification and deficiency manifestations of water – soluable and fat soluble vitamins.E. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. Chapter 9. John Wiley & Sons 1999. Pearson education Asia. Chapter 8. Goel Publishing House.Lee. Modern Inorganic Chemistry .W. Outline of transcription and translation. fates of pyruvate. Environment al Chemistry A. replication process. G.

ELBS. Inorganic Chemistry. 1998 14. Understanding Organic reaction mechanisms A.L. Addison Wesley1998 13. Ox Toby.O. Finar.H.H. Gills & N.Afkins & L Jones. Prentice Hall. 4th Edition D.K. Norman and D.Mahan & r. Modern Organic Chemistry R.C. Freeman & Co. Jauher. press 1998 7. 8. 1988.M.G. Mingos. Organic Chemistry L.H.Jain. 1390 . 1999 Organic Chemistry 1.R.Bahi and A. Advanced Organic Chemistry C. – S. Cotton. 1995 15. 1992 5. 1987 8.1 & 2 I.A. W. John Wiley & Sons. Von Nest rand 1985 8.N. Sykes. John Wiley & Sons.Puri and L. Jacobs. Cambridge Univ. Bahi. Jolly. Oxford Univ. 1991 4. Basic Inorganic Chemistry.N. Chang. Organic Chemistry Vol.March. 1991 2. Addison Wesley 1999 10. Waddington.L.W. A Guide Book to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry P. 1988 9. 1995 3. Sharpe. H.J.L.Nachtrieb. Morrison and R.P.Gaus. Nagin & Co. T. Organic Chemistry R. Organic Chemistry M.Ferguson. Press. S Chand & Co. Essential Chemistry – International edition R. 1995 11. Mc Fraw Hill Co.R. Advanced Organic Chemistry J. Boyd..W. 3rd edition P. 4th edition ISC B. S.S. Principles of Inorganic chemistry B. Orient Longma. G.P. Myers. 3rd Edition F.Sharma. Elbs. 1983 6. J. Eiljinson and P. Essential trends in Inorganic Chemistry C. Chand & Co. Modern Chemistry. 3rd Edition A. McGraw Hill 1996 12. University Chemistry. Saunders college Publishing. Chemistry.P.

J. 2000 3. Afkins and Julio de Paula.Basic Physical chemistry Walter J. E.C.N. Biochemistry. P. 3rd edition Peter Afkins. Outlines of Biochemistry Con E. Castilian. L. J. Chand & Co.H. Viva Low-Priced Student Edition. Cambridge Low – priced edition. Bangalore Univeristy. 1999 5. 2000 2. 2002 2. Puri. Macquarie and John D Simon. R. Chand & Co. Biochemistry P. The Elements of Physical Chemistry.M. Text Book of physical chemistry S.R. 1986 10. Sharma and M.W. A.N.John Wiley & Sons 1976 8. Text Book of Physical Chemistry P. 1983 6. Champbell. Glasstone.A. Physical Chemistry G. General Biochemistry Weil. and Stump. Fundamentals of Biochemistry J. Wiley Eastern 9. Concise Text Book of Biochemistry T.B.Physical Chemistry 1.Physical Chemistry.K..John Wiley and sons. F. Physical Chemistry Alberty R. Mackvillan India Ltd. 2000 3. Biochemistry COSIP-ULP. Jr. Oxford Univ. 1992 5. Prentice Hall 1972 Biochemistry 1. Physical Chemistry – A molecular Approach Donald A. 3rd Edition Gilbert W.Barrow. Narosa Publishing House 1985 11. Harvey.S. Press. 1984 12.S. M. A Text Book of Biochemistry A. Mc Graw Hill.Text Book of Polymer Sciece Bilmeyer. 1982 6.L. S. All India Publishers. R.1993 8. John Wiley & Sons. S. and Silbey. Moore.J.L. UBSPO 1998 4.Lipincott & Co. 7th Edition P. Champe and P. Soni. Press. Physical Chemistry.K. Biochemistry A. .jain.L.Harcourt Brace & Co.. Rama Rao.Patania. Chand & Co. 2001 4.. Oxford Univ. S. Lehningergt AI. Principals of Physical Chemistry B. 3rd edition Mark Ladd.W. L. Pattabhiraman.V.S. 1992 9. 1981 7. 1987 7. Introduction to Physical Chemistry. CBS.

Estimation of Chloride by Volhard’s method. 8. Estimation of sodium thiosulphate using standard potassium dichromate solution 6. Calibration of glass ware i) Pipette ii) Burette iii) Volumetric flask Note: Standard solutions to be prepared for experiments 2 to 6 2. 4. Determination of a heat of solution of KNO3 or NH4CL in water. Estimation of ferrous and ferric iron in a given mixture using standard K2Cr2O7 solution 12. 5. Determination of the distribution coefficient of benxcie acid between water and benzene . 9. 5. Determination of the heat of dissociation of weak acid or a weak base by thermo chemical method. Determination of the degree of dissociation of an electrolyte by ebuoscopic method. Estimation of nitrogen in and ammonium salt (using Naoh solution and standard oxalic acid) 13. Estimation of carbonate and bicarbonate in a given mixture II Semester : Practical 2 (Physical chemistry) 3 Hrs/ Week 1. 11. Estimation of ferrous ammonium sulphate using standard potassium dichromate solution using potassium ferricyyanide as external indicator. 10. Estimation of ferrous ammonium sulphate using standard potassium dichromate solution using potassium fericyanide as external indicator. Determination of percentage of manganese dioxide from pyrolusite ore. 9.CHEMISTRY PRACTICLES 1 Semester : Practical (General Chemistry) 3 Hrs/Week 1. Determination of distribution coefficient of H2 between H2O and CCL 11. Determination of the density and viscosity of a liquid by time of flow method using Ostwaid’s viscometer. Determination of the percentage composition of a binary liquid mixture of viscosity method. Determination of percentage of available chlorine in the given sample of bleaching powder 8. Determination of density and surface tension of a liquid ( by number of drops) using only a stalagmometer 4. 3. Determination of molar mass of a non electrolyte by Walker – Lumsden Method 7. 2. Determination of a heat of neutralization of a strong acid with a strong base. Estimation of iodine using sodium thiosulphate and standard K2Cr2O7 Solution 7. Determination of critical solution temperature of phenol – water system 10. 6. Estimation of potassium permanganate using standard sodium oxalate solution 3. Estimation of chloride by Mohr’s method (using potassium chromate as an adsorption indicator.

V Semester : practical 5 (organic chemistry) 3Hrs/Week Organic qualitative analysis identification of mono functional organic compounds through functional group analysis. Preparation of aspirin 5. Simple distillation and Determination of boiling points of liquids. Preparation of methyl orange / methyl rad by diezotisation and coupling Chromatography 16. 3. IV Semester Practical 4 (inorganic chemistry) 3Hrs/Week a) Systematic semimicro qualitive analysis of a mixture of two simple salts (with no interfering radicals) b) Effluent and water analysis c) Separation of Mg (II) and Fe (II) by solvent extraction technique d) Separation of Mg (II( and Fe (II) by ion exchange process. Thin layer Chromatography – separation of green leaf pigments / separation of a mixture of two organic compounds. Preparation of B-nsphthyl acetate 6.III Semester : Practical 3 (Organic Chemistry) Preparation & Purification of organic compounds 3Hrs/Week 1. Preparation of p-bromoaniline from acetanilide 13. Column chromatography – separation of a mixture of two organic compounds. Preparation of aniline from nitrobenzene Two Stage Preparation 12. Preparation of m –dinitrobenzene 9. Preparation of acelanfllde from aniline 7. Preparation of p-nitrosamine from acetanilide 14.4. Recrystallisation and Determination of melting point of solids (mixed melting point Determination and its importance may be mentioned) 2. Preparation and characterization of a suitable derivative V Semester : Practical 6 (Physical Chemistry) 3 Hrs/Week . 17. Preparation of 2.6-tribromopjenol 8. Preparation of benzoic acid from toluene 11. Preparation of m-nitro benzoic acid from methyl benzoate 15. Purification of solids by Sublimation One Stage Preparations 4. determination of physical constant. Preparation of iodoform from ethanovacetone 10.

Determination of ferrous iron using ortho-phenanlhroline 13. Preparation of ferrous oxalate and estimation of ferrous iron 9. Determination of nickel as nickel dimity glyoximate 11.Somyogi’s method. Determination of the solubility of a sparingly soluble salt ( AgCl) by conductivity method. Conducts Metric titration of HCL with NaOH 7. 5. Estimation of inorganic phosphate in food samples by Fiske-Subbarow method 9. Preparation of a buffer solution are ceteration of its by potentiometer 10. 6. Preparation of K2Cr2o2 with furious ammonium sulphate by poientometry 9. 12. Determination of iron using cerci ammonium sulphate 3. Determination of magnesium using EDTA 7. Determination of total hardness if water using EDTA 8 . Determination of copper in brass 5. Estimation of lactose in milk by Nelson. Determination of the equivalent conductivity of 0 1N NaCl 4. Determination of sulphate as BaSO4 10. Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of oxidation of KI by K2S2O4 3. Determination of percentage of iron in hematite using biphenyl Benzedrine as an internal indicator 2. Determination of the percentage of NaCl by miscibility temperature method. Estimation of blood sugar by Folin-Wu method 7. Chemical tests for amino acids and proteins 4. Verification of Beer-Lambert’s Law(for Iron – o – Phenanthroline system) 13. Determination of zinc using EDTA 6. Preparation of buffers and determination of their pH values us pH meter 2. 6. Estimation of reducing sugars by Hygedorn – Jensen method 5. Velocity constant for the acid for the acid hydrolysis of methyl acetate 2. Estimation of total reducing sugars in honey by DNS (Dinitrosaficylic acid) method . Determination of transition temperature of a salt hydrate by thermometric method. VI Semester : Practical 7 ( Inorganic Chemistry) 3 Hrs / Week 1. Determination of the dissolution constant of monootharacetic acid by conductivity method. Determination of the dissolution Constant of monochloricacetic acid by conductivity method. Determination of copper as cuprammonoum sulphate VI Semester : Practical 8 (Biochemistry) 3 Hrs/Week 1. Determination of magnesium as magnesium exinate 12. Determination of standard redex potential of an electrodes 8. Velocity constant for the soporific of ethyl acetate (a-b method) 3.1. Estimation of Creatinine in urine by Jaffe’s method 8. Determination of calcium in limestone 4. Chemical tests for carbohydrates 3. 11.

(1996) 6. Introduction to Practical Biochemistry. Co. (1974) 3. A Handbook of Organic Analysis – Clarke and Hayes (1964) 7. Detection of adulterants in food stuffs. G. ELBS (1986) 2.H. G. Laboratory manual of Organic Chemistry – Day. The National Pub. An introduction to Practical Biochemistry by David Plummer. Rackett.Jeffery and J. Determination of iodine value of groundnut oil and coconut oil 11. Longman’s London (1968) 8. Determination of examylase activity in saliva pancreatin 13.W. Edited by S.K. Text Book of Practical Organic Chemistry – A. REFERENCES 1. Findlay’s practical physical chemistry revised by levitt. Inorganic Semimiero Qualitative Analysis. Von Nostrand Reinhold (1972) 4. McGrew Hill international end ( 1996) 9. R. C.10. Vogel. McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Denny. Separation of amino acids by circular ascending paper chromatography 14.V. (1992) 10. Sitaraman and Govindachari (1998) 5.I. Experiments in Physical chemistry by Shoemaker and Garland. Vogel’s Textbook of Qualitative Chemical Analysis. .. V.Narosa Publishing House. Marr and B. J Bassett. Ramanujam. Sawlmey and randhir Singh .Mendham. Practical Inorganic Chemistry. 2000. Determination of saponification value of groundnut oil and coconut oil 12.