La estructura básica del afirmativo del verbo "to be" en pasado Sujeto I You He She It We You They Verbo was were

was was was were were were objeto / complemento a student. happy. a musician. in the car. a hot day. lucky. from Madrid. ours.

Eras feliz. Fue músico. Estaba en el coche. Era un día caluroso. Tuvimos suerte Erais de Madrid. Eran nuestros.

La estructura básica del negativo del verbo "to be" en pasado Sujeto I You He She It We You They Verbo was not were not was not was not was not were not were not were not objeto / complemento a student. happy. a musician. in the car. a hot day. lucky. from Madrid. ours.

No era alumno. No eras feliz. No era músico. No estaba en el coche. No era un día caluroso. No tuvimos suerte. No erais de Madrid. No eran nuestros.

Nota: Forma contraida: "was not" = "wasn't", "were not" = "weren't". La estructura básica del interrogativo del verbo "to be" en pasado Verbo objeto / complemento Was I a student? ¿Era alumno? Were you happy? ¿Eras feliz? Was he a musician? ¿Era músico? Was she in the car? ¿Estaba en el coche? Was it a hot day? ¿Era un día caluroso? Were we lucky? ¿Tuvimos suerte? Were you from Madrid? ¿Eras de Madrid? Were they ours? ¿Eran nuestros? Making Yes-No Questions in the Past Tense. Sujeto

No. Yes. she was. something. No. Yes. La estructura básica del pasado simple: La estructura básica del afirmativo del pasado simple: (somebody=alguien. No. something. (vosotros) Caminamos a algún sitio. (weren't) they were not. (wasn't) it was not. somewhere. somewhere. they were. Alguien me gustó. he was. La estructura básica de las respuestas cortas del verbo "to be" en pasado Af. it was. you were.Nota: Para hacer una oración interrogativa con el verbo "to be" en pasado simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be" con el sujeto. (weren't) Nota: No se contrae la forma afirmativa de las respuestas cortas. (weren't) he was not. Cogistes algo. Yes. Yes. Neg. Yes. (wasn't) you were not. No. somewhere-algún sitio. (wasn't) we were not. (ella) Fue a algún sitio. something. something. (él) Tuvo algo. (ellos) . Yes. No. Escribisteis algo. (weren't) you were not. (tú) Necesitó algo. No. something=algo) sujeto I You He She It You We They verbo liked got needed had went wrote walked did somebody. you were. Hicieron algo. I was not. Yes. (wasn't) she was not. No. Yes. something. we were. I was. No.

Por ejemplo. "want" = "wanted". "help" (ayudar). simplemente hay que añadir la terminación "ed" a su infinitivo. "wash" (lavar). "help" = "helped". Con los verbos irregulares ya no es cuestión de añadir simplemente una terminación (como "ed" en el pasado simple). Si el sonido anterior es "explosivo" (o sea. "raise" (levantar). "talk" = "talked". (¡Menos mal que tampoco hay tantas!) Entre los verbos . etc. "raise" = "raised". "ask" (preguntar).) / Id / Rated Hated Wanted Lasted /t/ Walked Talked Helped Liked Washed Asked Worked Looked Watched /d/ Raised Gored Showed Used Listened Verbos Irregulares: Irregular verbs . "listen" (escuchar). Si el sonido anterior a "ed" es "t" o "d" el sonido que sigue es "Id" (un sonido entre "e" e "i" en castellano).the past tense. Estos son verbos como "walk" (andar). "last" (durar). "work" (trabajar). "hate" = hated". etc. "push" = "pushed". "interview" = "interviewed". "hate" (odiar). "work" = "worked". "look" (mirar a un objeto fijo). "raid" (asaltar. "wash" = "washed". "use" = "used". Verbos Regulares: Regular verbs . "listen" = "listened". "show" (mostrar). "talk" (hablar). "last" = "lasted". "watch" = "watched". "like" = "liked". "move" = "moved". "show" = "showed". Si el sonido anterior se produce con la voz o con vibraciónes de la garganta (y no simplemente con aire expulsado a través de la boca) el sonido es "d" (este sonido se suele parecer a la "r" en la palabra "mar" en castellano.the past tense. "play" = "played". hay dos tipos de verbos: los verbos regulares y los verbos irregulares.Nota: Con el pasado simple afirmativo se utiliza la forma "pasado simple" del verbo ("no" el infinitivo). "ask" = "asked". "gore" = "gored". "rate" = "rated". redar). "beg" = "begged". Dentro de esta forma. "present" = "presented". "gore" (cornear). que solamente se produce con aire y no con voz o vibraciones de la garganta) el sonido que sigue es "t". El verbo puede cambiar completamente de forma y no queda más remedio que memorizarlo. Nota: La pronunciación de la terminación "ed" en los verbos regulares depende del sonido que le precede. "use" (usar). "watch" (mirar a una actividad en progreso). "look" = "looked". "like" (gustar). "want" (querer). el pasado simple: "walk" es "walked". "rate" (categorizar). Para hacer el "pasado simple" de estos verbos.

(ellos) Nota: Forma contraida: "didn't" = "did not". "say" (decir). "see" (ver). "think" (pensar). "think" = "thought". something. "write" = "wrote". "do" = "did". "put" = "put". Por ejemplo. alguien. "say" = "said". algo) aux Did Did Did Did Did Did Did sujeto I you he she it you we verbo know work? write go work? understand? need you? anything? anywhere? anything? ¿Te conocí? ¿Trabajaste? ¿Escribió algo? ¿Fué a algún sitio? ¿Funcionó? ¿Entendisteis? ¿Necesitabamos algo? . anybody = cualquiera. "make" = "made". etc. something. No cogistes algo. "know" = "knew". el pasado simple de "find" es "found". "see" = "saw". "take" (llevar). somewhere. "get" (coger). something. anything = cualquier cosa. "come" (venir). something. something. "give" (dar). "come" = "came"." Más recursos: Todos los verbos son irregulares. "go" (ir).irregulares hay verbos como: "find" (encontrar). La razón de esto es que el auxilar "did" ya comunica por si mismo que la oración está en pasado simple y cambiar la forma del verbo sería redundante. No escribisteis algo. (él) No tuvo algo. "have" (tener).Negative. "make" (hacer). she. "write" (escirbir). En busca del tiempo perdido. etc. "give" = "gave". la pronunciación de -ed La estructura básica del negativo del pasado simple: sujeto auxiliar verbo I didn't like You didn't get He didn't need She didn't have It didn't go You didn't write We didn't have They didn't do The Past Tense . Nota: En las oraciones negativas en pasado simple el verbo va en infinitivo. "put" (poner). "go" = "went". (tú) No necesitó algo. something. it" o cuando se habla en "tercera persona. No tuvimos algo. "know" (saber). "get" = "got". No hicieron algo. "read" = "read". Nota: La forma del verbo en el pasado simple no cambia cuando se utiliza "he. "have" = "had". somebody. (ella) No fue a ningún sitio. "take" = "took". "do" (hacer). La estructura básica del interrogativo del pasado simple: (anywhere = alguna o cualquier parte. Alguien no me gustó. "read" (leer).

La estructura básica de las respuestas cortas del pasado simple: Af. Yes. (didn't) she did not. he did. I did not. Yes. Yes. how do people greet in your hometown? The handshake is the most common nod. Yes. Neg. it did. No. No. you did. she did. (didn't) Para que se utiliza el pasado simple: Para hablar sobre una acción o algo que tuvo lugar en el pasado y que no tiene ya relación alguna con el presente. (didn't) they did not. Nota: La palabra "some" y "any" a veces significan lo mismo. Yes. Yes. La principal diferencia es que "some" se suele utilizar para afirmativas y "any" para negativas y interrogativas. No. (didn't) we did not. (didn't) he did not. I did. (didn't) you did not. they did. (didn't) you did not. (didn't) it did not. No. Yes. No. Yes.Did they like anybody? ¿Les cayó bien alguien? Nota: En las oraciones interrogativas en pasado simple el verbo va en infinitivo. No. we did. No. No. The men shake hands or hug shaking hands or kiss on the cheek M-M M-W . you did.

BASE BE BEAT BECOME BEGIN PAST TENSE WAS/WERE BEAT BECAME BEGAN PAST PARTICIPLE BEEN BEATEN BECOME BEGUN SPANISH SER/ESTAR GANARLE A ALGUIEN/ PEGAR HACERSE EMPEZAR .

BEND BET BITE BLOW BREAK BRING BUILD BURST CATCH CHOOSE COME COST CUT DEAL DIG DO DRAW DRINK DRIVE EAT FALL FEED FEEL FIGHT FIND FLY FORBID FORGET BENT BET BIT BLEW BROKE BROUGHT BUILT BURST CAUGHT CHOSE CAME COST CUT DEALT DUG DID DREW DRANK DROVE ATE FELL FED FELT FOUGHT FOUND FLEW FORBADE FORGOT BENT BET BITTEN BLOWN BROKEN BROUGHT BUILT BURST CAUGHT CHOSEN COME COST CUT DEALT DUG DONE DRAWN DRUNK DRIVEN EATEN FALLEN FED FELT FOUGHT FOUND FLOWN FORBIDDEN FORGOTTEN DOBLAR APOSTAR MORDER SOPLAR ROMPER TRAER CONSTRUIR EXPLOTAR ATRAPAR EN EL AIRE ELEGIR VENIR COSTAR CORTAR HACER NEGOCIOS / SOLUCIONAR CAVAR / ESCARVAR / EXCAVAR SER DIBUJAR / SACAR LIQUIDO TOMAR CONDUCIR COMER CAER DAR DE COMER/ ALIMENTARSE SENTIR LUCHAR ENCONTRAR VOLAR PROHIBIR OLVIDAR FORGIVE FREEZE GET GIVE GO GROW HANG HAVE HEAR HIDE HIT HOLD FORGAVE FROZE GOT GAVE WENT GREW HUNG HAD HEARD HID HIT HELD FORGIVEN FROZEN GOTTEN GIVEN GONE GROWN HUNG HAD HEARD HIDDEN HIT HELD PERDONAR CONGELAR OBTENER DAR IR CRECER COLGAR TENER OIR ESCONDER PAGAR/GOLPEAR TENER EN MANO .

HURT KEEP KNOW LAY LEAD LEARN LEAVE LEND LET LIGHT LOSE MAKE MEAN MEET PAY PUT READ RIDE RING RISE RUN SAY SEE SEEK SELL SEND SET SEW SHAKE SHINE SHOOT SHOW SHRINK SHUT SING SIT SLEEP SPEAK SPEND HURT KEPT KNEW LAID LED LEARNT LEFT LENT LET LIT LOST MADE MEANT MET PAID PUT READ RODE RANG ROSE RAN SAID SAW SOUGHT SOLD SENT SET SEWED SHOOK SHONE SHOT SHOWED SHRANK SHUT SANG SAT SLEPT SPOKE SPENT HURT KEPT KNOWN LAID LED LEARNT LEFT LENT LET LIT LOST MADE MEANT MET PAID PUT READ RIDDEN RUNG RISEN RUN SAID SEEN SOUGHT SOLD SENT SET SEWN SHAKEN SHONE SHOT SHOWN SHRUNK SHUT SUNG SAT SLEPT SPOKEN SPENT DAÑAR/DOLER GUARDAR / MANTENERAntes de ing seguir haciendo CONOCER TUMBARSE LIDERAR APRENDER ABANDONAR PRESTAR DEJAR ENCENDER UNA LUZ / ILUMINAR PERDER HACER/CREAR SIGNIFICAR / QUERER DECIR o HACER ALGO CONOCER (1ªvez) / ENCONTRARSE PAGAR PONER / METER LEER MONTAR EN SONAR UN TIMBRE ELEVAR/ SUBIR CORRER DECIR VER BUSCAR VENDER ENVIAR / MANDAR FIJAR COSER AGITAR BRILLAR DISPARAR MOSTRAR/DEMOSTRAR ENCOGERSE CERRAR CANTAR SENTARSE DORMIR HABLAR GASTAR .

SPREAD SPRING STAND STEAL STICK STING STINK STRIKE SWEAR SWEEP SWIM SWING TAKE TEACH TEAR TELL THINK THROW UNDERSTAND SPREAD SPRANG STOOD STOLE STUCK STUNG STANK STRUCK SWORE SWEPT SWAM SWANG TOOK TAUGHT TORE TOLD THOUGHT THREW UNDERSTOOD SPREAD SPRUNG STOOD STOLEN STUCK STUNG STUNK STRUCK SWORN SWEPT SWUM SWUNG TAKEN TAUGHT TORN TOLD THOUGHT THROWN UNDERSTOOD UNTAR/DIFUNDIR SALTAR PARADO/ AGUANTAR ROBAR PEGAR / PEGADO A ALGO PICAR (ABEJA) APESTAR / HEDER PEGAR/ HACER HUELGA JURAR / DECIR TACOS BARRER NADAR COLUMPIAR COGER ENSEÑAR ROMPER (TELA/PAPEL) DECIR PENSAR TIRAR ENTENDER WAKE WEAR WIN WRITE WOKE WORE WON WROTE WOKEN WORN WON WRITTEN DESPERTARSE LLEVAR PUESTO GANAR ESCRIBIR .