Present perfect - Monday, 13 June 2011

Form Has / have + past participle Positive I We You They He She It USES • Have (‘ve) Finishe d Has (‘s) Has (‘s) Have (‘ve) Question I We You They Finished He She It Negative I We Have not You (haven’t) They He She Has not It (hasn’t)

Finished

The present perfect describe the indefinite past: I’ve been to Paris. I’ve seen this film before. They’ve met my parents. The past is indefinite because the time it happened is not important, or because we do not know when it happened. Note the difference between: I went to Paris last year. (definite time – past simple) I’ve been to Paris (at some time in my life – indefinite time – present perfect) The present perfect is often use to describe personal experience: I’ve been to Berlin. She’s met a lot of famous people. I’ve heard this music before. The questions form is often have you ever…? (=in your live?) Have you ever been to Paris? The present perfect is not used with past time words (last night, yesterday. In 1984, etc) It is not possible to say I’ve seen him yesterday. Note the difference between: She’s gone to Sweden. (= and she’s there now) She’s been to Sweden. (=but she isn’t there now)

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Write the correct form of the present perfect to complete these sentences: 1. ………….to Rome? (you ever be) Have you ever been to Rome? 2. ………….this film before. (I see) I’ve seen this film before. 3. ………….in an office. (she never work) 4. ………….in an aeroplane. (I never be) 5. …………to Germany? (he ever be) 6. …………my parents? (you met) 7. …………in the theatre? (you ever work) 8. …………to all the capital cities of Europe. (she be) 9. …………this book. (I read) 10. …………the new Superman film? (you see) 11. ………..abroad. (we never be)

Present perfect - Monday, 13 June 2011
12. ………..a British policeman before. (they never see) 13. ………..in a foreign country? (they ever live) 14. ……….. to Brazil. (I never be )