Test: Unit I and II- Mechanics, Fluids and Thermal Name: Date: 1.

5 hours Note: To simplify calculations, you may use g = 10 2 m / s in all problems. Questions 1-4 (D) It is upward and increases in magnitude from 0 to 3 s, then decreases. (E) It is upward and decreases in magnitude from 0 to 3 s, then increases.

A ball is thrown straight up by a student at rest on the surface of Earth. A graph of the position y as a function of time t, in seconds, is shown above. Air resistance is negligible. 1. At which of the following times is the ball farthest from the student? (A) 1 s (B) 2 s (C) 3 s (D) 4 s (E) 5 s 2. At which of the following times is the speed of the ball the least? (A) 1 s (B) 2 s (C) 3 s (D) 4 s (E) 5 s 3. Which of the following best describes the acceleration of the ball? (A) It is downward and constant from 0 to 6 s. (B) It is downward and increases in magnitude from 0 to 3 s, then decreases. (C) It is downward and decreases in magnitude from 0 to 3 s, then increases.

4. What is the initial speed of the ball? (A) 30 m/s (B) 45 m/s (C) 60 m/s (D) 90 m/s (E) 180 m/s ______________________________________ 5. Two boxes of different masses in an orbiting space station appear to float at rest—one above the other—with respect to the station. An astronaut applies the same force to both boxes. Can the boxes have the same acceleration with respect to the space station? (A) No, because the boxes are moving in orbits of different radius. (B) No, because the box of greater mass requires more force to reach the same acceleration. (C) Yes, because both boxes appear weightless. (D) Yes, because both boxes are accelerating toward Earth at the same rate. (E) It cannot be determined without knowing whether the boxes are being pushed parallel or perpendicular to Earth’s gravity. 6. An object is dropped from rest from a certain height. Air resistance is negligible. After falling a distance d, the object’s

10. (B) The total momentum is Mv and the total kinetic energy is less than ½ Mv2. A boy of mass m and a girl of mass 2m are initially at rest at the center of a frozen pond. which of the following must be true for the object when it is at a height H/2 ? (A) Its speed is half of its initial speed. statements is true for the two objects after the impact? (A) The total momentum is Mv and the total kinetic energy is ½ Mv2. (D) Its total mechanical energy is half of its initial value. An object of mass M travels along a horizontal air track at a constant speed v and collides elastically with an object of identical mass that is initially at rest on the track. A spherical planet has mass greater than that of Earth. Which of the following 11. (E) The kinetic energy of each object is ¼ Mv2. They push each other so that she slides to the left at speed v across the frictionless ice surface and he slides to the right as shown above. (D) The momentum of each object is ½ Mv. (E) Its total mechanical energy is half of its value at the highest point. A 2 kg object initially moving with a constant velocity is subjected to a force of magnitude F in the direction of motion. If air resistance is negligible.0 m/s (D) 4. The weight of an object on that planet compared with its weight on Earth is which of the following? (A) Larger (B) The same (C) Smaller (D) It cannot be determined without information about the planet’s size. in the velocity of the object during the time the force is applied? (A) 0 m/s (B) 2. but its density is unknown.kinetic energy is proportional to which of the following? (A) 1/d2 (B) 1/d (C) √d (D) d (E) d2 7. (C) The total momentum is less than Mv and the total kinetic energy is ½ Mv2. A graph of F as a function of time t is shown above. What is the increase. (C) Its potential energy is half of its initial potential energy. An object is projected vertically upward from ground level. (B) Its kinetic energy is half of its initial kinetic energy. What is the total work done by the children? (A) Zero (B) mv (C) mv2 (D) 2mv2 (E) 3mv2 9.0 m/s (E) 6. if any.0 m/s . (E) It cannot be determined without information about the planet’s atmosphere.0 m/s (C) 3. 8. It rises to a maximum height H.

Which figure shows an impossible situation? (A) 12. A graph of which of the following should exhibit a straight-line relationship? (A) d2 versus v-2 (B) d2versus v (C) d versus v (D) d versus v-1 (E) d versus v2 18. the units of any two quantities must be the same whenever these quantities are (A) added or multiplied only (B) subtracted or divided only (C) multiplied or divided only (D) added or subtracted only (E) added. An object initially at rest is subjected to a constant net force. What is the force exerted on the upper block by the lower string? (A) Zero (B) 10 N upward (C) 10 N downward (D) 20 N upward (E) 20 N downward ________________________________________ 16. A disk slides to the right on a horizontal. multiplied. 14. A particle P moves around the circle of radius R shown above under the influence of a radial force of magnitude F. What is the work done by the radial force as the particle moves from position 1 to position 2 halfway around the circle? (A) Zero (B) RF (C) 2RF (D) π RF (E) 2π RF 13. subtracted. each of mass 2 kg. An object of mass m hanging from a spring of spring constant k oscillates with a certain frequency. The figures below show a top view of the initial path I of the sliding disk and a hypothetical path H for each disk after the collision. frictionless air table and collides with another disk that was initially stationary. In any physically correct equation. as shown above. or divided 17. are suspended from the ceiling by strings of negligible mass. What is the length of a simple pendulum that has the same frequency of oscillation? (A) (mk)/g (B) (mg)/k (C) (kg)/m (D) k/(mg) (E) g/(mk) Questions 14-15 Two blocks of wood.(B) 20 N (C) 40 N (D) 50 N (E) 60 N 15. Measurements are taken of its velocity v at different distances d from the starting position. What is the tension in the upper string? (A) 10 N (B) .

The meter stick is released from rest in a horizontal position. The coefficient of friction between the surfaces is µ . A platform of mass 2 kg is supported by a spring of negligible mass as shown above. What is the minimum acceleration a of the cart such that the block will not fall? (A) µ g (B) g / µ (C) gm / (µ (M + m)) (D) gM / (µ (M + m)) (E) µ gM / (M+ m) _______________________________________ (E) 19.0 Nm (B) 8. The platform oscillates with a period of 3 s when the platform is pushed down and released. with a 2. What is the average power that the brakes produce in stopping the car? (A) 1800 W (B) 3600 W (C) 7200 W (D) 36.0 kg mass hung at the 0 m mark and a 1.000 W (E) 72.0 kg mass hung at the 1.60 m mark.(C) (D) 21.0 m mark.000 W 22. A car of mass 900 kg is traveling at 20 m/s when the brakes are applied. The figure above shows a cart of mass M accelerating to the right with a block of mass m held to the front surface only by friction. the magnitude of the net torque on the meter stick about the fulcrum is most nearly (A) 2.0 Nm (C) 10 Nm (D) 14 Nm (E) 16 Nm 20. What must be the mass of a block that when placed on the platform doubles the period of oscillation to 6 s? (A) 1 kg (B) 2 kg (C) 4 kg (D) 6 kg (E) 8 kg 23. The car then comes to a complete stop in 5 s. A meter stick of negligible mass is placed on a fulcrum at the 0. Immediately after release. The acceleration of a satellite of mass m in a circular orbit of radius R around a planet of mass M is equal to which of the following? (A) GM / R2 (B) Gm / R2 (C) GMm / R2 .

If an ideal gas is compressed isothermally.0 mole ideal gas system is maintained at a constant volume of 4. (B) No work is done by the gas. (C) The temperature of the gas increases.100 J 28.15 (B) 0. which of the following statements is true? (A) Energy is transferred to the gas by heat. the car is moving into the plane of the page at constant speed v as it turns to the left around a horizontal curve of radius r. It then rebounds with the same speed and at the same angle. If an ideal gas undergoes an adiabatic expansion. If 100 J of thermal energy is transferred to the system.0 liters. as shown above. 29. which of the following statements is true? (A) The temperature of the gas doesn’t change. (B) No work is done on the gas. A 2.0 kPa during an isobaric process while its .20 m3. What is the work done by the system on its environment? (A) 14 kJ (B) 35 kJ (C) -14 kJ (D) -35 kJ (E) -72 kJ 27. At the instant shown above.2 24. Which of the following is a correct expression for the angle θ of the string with respect to the vertical? (A) cos θ = mg / r (B) cos θ =mv / r (C) sin θ = mv2 / r (D) tan θ = v2 / (gr) (E) tan θ = gr / v2 26. The impulse delivered by the ball to the wall is (A) zero (B) mvsinθ (C) mvcosθ (D) 2mvsinθ (E) 2mvcosθ 25. (C) No energy is delivered to the gas by heat. 30. (E) The pressure remains constant. An ideal gas is maintained at a constant pressure of 70. What is the efficiency of the engine? (A) 0.29 (C) 0. A ball of mass m with speed v strikes a wall at an angle θ with the normal.(D) G mM / R (E) GmMR volume decreases by 0. An object of mass m hangs from a string that is fixed to the ceiling of a car.33 (D) 0. (D) The internal energy of the gas remains constant. An engine does 15 kJ of work while rejecting 37 kJ to the cold reservoir.45 (E) 1. (D) The internal energy of the gas doesn’t change. what is the change in the internal energy of the system? (A) 0 (B) 400 J (C) 70 J (D) 100 J (E) -0. (E) The pressure increases.

0 m3 (D) 0. If the temperature of the statue rises from 20°C to 30°C. (E) None of these. When the metal is heated what happens to the diameter of the hole? (A) It decreases. increasing the volume of the gas until the pressure drops to 1. (B) It remains the same.50 m3 of oxygen at absolute pressure of 4. insulated bottle containing coffee for a few minutes. A steam turbine operates at a boiler temperature of 450 K and an exhaust temperature of 3.5 m3 (C) 2. What is the change in the temperature of the coffee? (A) a large decrease (B) a slight decrease (C) no change (D) a slight increase (E) a large increase 39. what is the order of magnitude of the statue’s increase in height? Choose the best estimate. (D) It is √3 times the original speed. allowing the gas to drive a piston. (B) It increases. 36. A glass windowpane in an otherwise perfectly insulated house is replaced with another glass windowpane which is twice the area. (C) It is one third of the original speed.1 mm (B) 1 mm (C) 1 cm (D) 10 cm (E) 1 m 37. A valve is opened.31. 38. treating the statue as though it were solid copper (coefficient of linear expansion = 17 x 10-6 /°C) (A) 0.0 m3 (B) 1. A container holds 0.0 x 102 K. The rate of heat loss between the inside of the house and the outside is now (A) the same (B) twice (C) 4 times (D) half (E) a quarter (A) 1 x 105 J (B) 2 x 105 J (C) 3 x 105 J (D) 4 x 105 J (E) 5 x 105 J 32. what new volume does the gas occupy? (A) 1. and twice as thick. A hole is drilled in a metal plate.0 atm. what happens to the rms speed of the molecules? (A) It increases by a factor of 3. If the temperature remains constant. A person shakes a sealed. If the temperature of an ideal gas is increased from 200 K to 600 K. What is the maximum theoretical percent efficiency of this system? (A) 24% (B) 50% (C) 33% (D) 67% (E) 15% 33.12 m3 (E) 2. How much net work is done by the gas undergoing the cyclic process illustrated above? Choose the best estimate. On a very cold day in upstate New York. (E) It increases by a factor of 6.5 m3 . (C) It remains the same. (D) The answer depends on the initial temperature of the metal. the temperature is -25°C. which is equivalent to what temperature in Fahrenheit? (A) -46°F (B) -77°F (C) 18°F (D) 298 K (E) -13°F 34. 35. The Statue of Liberty is 93 m tall on a summer morning when the temperature is 20°C.0 atm.

The density of water is 1. 45. Which of the following statements is valid? (A) The pressure at the top surface of cup A is greatest because it has the largest surface area. at 1 x 105 Pa. which of the following adjustments to the nozzle will result in the water reaching a height of 4h? (A) Decrease area of the opening by a factor of 16. (C) their velocities are equal. (B) the car exerts a greater amount of force on the truck than the truck exerts on the car. The area of the base is the same for all three vessels.4 x 103 N? (A) 50 N (B) 100 N (C) 200 N (D) 19600 N (E) 49 N 41. (D) The force on the bottom of each cup is not the same. assuming no air resistance: (A) the speed of the red ball is less than that of the blue.40. The surface of the lake is almost at sea level. What is the pressure at the bottom at Loch Ness. (C) Decrease the area by a factor of 4. (A) 2. (B) the speed of the red ball is greater than that of the blue. (E) The water cannot reach a height of 4h. . what is the speed in the smaller pipe? (A) 1. If the speed of the water in the pipe is 1. A hose is pointed straight up.00 m/s (C) 0. with water flowing from it at a steady volume flow rate and reaching a maximum height of h.3 x 105 Pa (B) 2. A horizontal pipe narrows from a radius of r to 0.050 m2 and an output piston of area 0. Immediately before the two balls reach the ground. A ball is thrown straight up in the air. For which situation are both the instantaneous velocity and the acceleration zero? (A) on the way up (B) at the top of the flight path (C) on the way down (D) halfway up and halfway down (E) none of these 47. (E) the acceleration of the red ball is greater than that of the blue ball. A large truck collides head-on with a small compact car. 43. (D) the acceleration of the blue ball is greater than that of the red ball. which of the following statements is true. the car gets smashed simply because it gets in the way of the truck.5r. (C) The pressure at the bottom of each cup is the same. (D) the truck exerts a force on the car but the car does not exert a force on the truck. (D) Decrease the area by a factor of 2.00 x 103 kg/m3.4 x 106 Pa (C) 1 x 106 Pa (D) 4.00 m/s in the larger-radius pipe. which is as much as 230 m deep. (B) Decrease the area by a factor of 8. (C) neither exerts a force on the other.70 m2.25 m/s (D) 4. (B) The pressure at the bottom of the cup C is greatest because it contains the most water. How much force on the input piston is required to lift a car weighing 1. A student at the top of a building throws a red ball upward with a speed v0 and then throws a blue ball downward with the same initial speed v0. 46.3 x 106 Pa (E) 4.00 m/s (E) 0. the pressure on the side of cup A is greatest because of its slope.3 x 105 Pa 42. (E) At a given depth below the surface of each cup. Three cups of different shapes are filled to the same level with water as in the figure above. During the collision: (A) the truck exerts a greater amount of force on the car than the car exerts on the truck.00 m/s (B) 2.5 m/s 44. (E) the truck exerts the same amount of force on the car as the car exerts on the truck. A hydraulic jack has an input piston of area 0. Neglecting air resistance.

and 3. A force exerted by the rope pointing from A to O. where v is the speed of the ball and b is a positive constant. what is the kinetic energy of the car? (A) K/4 (B) K/2 (C) 0. F = -kx. (E) none of the above. (B) upward force by the cable is equal to the downward force of gravity. (D) 1. A ball falls straight down through the air under the influence of gravity.m/s 53. A downward force of gravity 2. 2. A certain truck has twice the mass of a car. Both are moving at the same speed.m/s (D) -30 kg. An elevator is being lifted up an elevator shaft at a constant speed by a steel cable as shown in the figure above. (The elevator goes up because the cable is being shortened.bv/m (C) g + bv/m (D) g/b (E) bv/m 54. forces on the elevator are such that: (A) upward force by the cable is greater than the downward force of gravity. Consider the following distinct forces: 1.50 kilogram hung vertically from this 50. (D) upward force by the cable is greater than the sum of the downward force of gravity and downward force due to the air. subsequently hitting the sidewalk at speed v.3.71 K (D) K (E) 2K 52. not because an upward force is exerted on the elevator by the cable).m/s (C) -40 kg. A force pointing from O to A. If the kinetic energy of the truck is K. (C) upward force by the cable is smaller than the downward force of gravity. The figure above shows a boy swinging on a rope. 51. Which of the above forces is (are) acting on the boy when he is at position A? (A) 1 only. Elevator going up at constant speed 4. In this situation. All frictional effects are negligible.b (B) g . A force in the direction of the boy’s motion.m/s (E) -10 kg. starting at a point higher than A. Is the change in momentum of the cart (A) 0 (B) 40 kg. There is a retarding force F on the ball with magnitude given by F = bv. A block of mass m is dropped from the fourth floor of an office building. The magnitude of the acceleration a of the ball at any time is equal to which of the following? (A) g . From what floor should the mass be dropped to double to impact speed? (A) the sixth floor (B) the eighth floor (C) the tenth floor (D) the twelfth floor (E) the sixteenth floor 48. A 5 kg cart moving to the right with a speed of 6 m/s collides with a concrete wall and rebounds with a speed of 2m/s. 3. (E) 1. (C) 1 and 3. (B) 1 and 2. An ideal spring obeys Hooke's law. 49. and 4. A mass of 0. .

A car initially travels north and then turns to the left along a circular curve. The value of the force constant for the spring is most nearly (A) 0. A block of mass 3m can move without friction on a horizontal table. 56.spring stretches the spring 0. 57. as shown above. This block is attached to another block of mass m by a cord that passes over a frictionless pulley.33 N/m (B) 0. at which of the points indicated should a cord be attached if the stick is to remain horizontal when suspended from the cord? (A) A (B) B (C) C . What is the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity on the planet? (A) 1. (B) The force is directed north.66 N/m (C) 6.075 meter. (C) There is not enough force directed north to keep the package from sliding. because the acceleration is constant 55. (D) There is not enough force tangential to the car's path to keep the package from sliding. An object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmosphere. The figure above shows a rough semicircular track whose ends are at a vertical height h. the exact height depends on how much energy is lost to friction. A particle oscillates up and down in simple harmonic motion.5 m s2 (B) 3. what is the magnitude of the acceleration of the descending block? (A) Zero (B) g/4 (C) g/3 (D) 2g/3 (E) g 59.0 m/s2 (C) 6. are hung from the ends of a stick that is 70 centimeters long and has marks every 10 centimeters. Its height y as a function of time t is shown in the diagram above. Which of the following is true of the net force on the package while it is sliding? (A) The force is directed away from the center of the circle.0 m/s2 (E) 12. A block placed at point P at one end of the track is released from rest and slides past the bottom of the track. Two objects. The object falls freely for 3. of masses 6 and 8 kilograms. as shown above. If the mass of the stick is negligible.0 m/s2 58. This causes a package on the seat of the car to slide toward the right side of the car.0 m/s2 (D) 10. If the masses of the cord and the pulley are negligible. (E) There is not enough force directed toward the center of the circle to keep the package from sliding.6 N/m (D) 33 N/m (E) 66 N/m (E) None of the above.0 meters in the first second. At what time t does the particle achieve its maximum positive acceleration? (A) 1 s (B) 2 s (C) 3 s (D) 4 s 60. Which of the following is true of the height to which the block rises on the other side of the track? (A) It is equal to h/2π (B) It is equal to h/4 (C) It is equal to h/2 (D) It is equal to h (E) It is between zero and h.

What happens if air is blown through the tube from the left. Two objects. (E) Any of the above depending on how hard the air flows. if any. How do the speeds of the ball at the three points compare? (A) vp < vQ < vR (B) vR < vQ < vP (C) vQ < vR < vP (D) vQ< vP = vR (E) vP = vR < vQ 65. (E) It increases by 48 J. 62. (C) It remains the same. A and B. A gas with a fixed number of molecules does 32 J of work on its surroundings. Air friction is negligible. as shown by the arrow in the diagram? (A) The liquid level in the tube rises to a level above the surface of the liquid surrounding the tube. initially at rest. Which of the following best indicates the direction of the net force. are "exploded" apart by the release of a coiled spring that was compressed between them. the velocity of object A is 5 m/s and the velocity of object B is -2 m/s. (D) The air bubbles out at the bottom of the tube. on the ball at point Q ? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) There is no net force on the ball at point Q. As they move apart. an amount of heat Q flows through the solid door of area A and thickness d represented above. mA/mB.(D) D (E) E 61. (C) The liquid level in the tube remains where it is. The ratio of the mass of object A to the mass of object B. Which of the following diagrams best shows the direction of the acceleration of the ball at point P? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 66. In time t. (D) It increases by 16 J. and 16 J of heat are transferred from the gas to the surroundings. What happens to the internal energy of the gas? (A) It decreases by 48 J. 67. (B) It decreases by 16 J. Which of the following changes would be certain to decrease Q ? (A) Increasing A only (B) Decreasing d only (C) Increasing d and T2 – T1 only (D) Decreasing A and T2 – T1 only (E) Increasing d. A. The temperatures on each side of the door are T2 and T1. . and T2 – T1 Questions 64-66 A ball is thrown and follows the parabolic path shown above. 64. A T-shaped tube with a constriction is inserted in a vessel containing a liquid. (B) The liquid level in the tube falls below the level of the surrounding liquid. Points P and R are the same height above the ground. respectively. is (A) 4/25 (B) 2/5 (C) 1/1 (D) 5/2 (E) 25/4 63. Point Q is the highest point on the path. as shown above.

800 J 70.50 m (D) 1. The work done by the force F in 1 minute is most nearly (A) 0 J (B) 30 J (C) 600 J (D) 1. The frictional force between the block and the floor is 10 newtons. The length of a simple pendulum with a period on Earth of one second is most nearly (A) 0.350 J (E) 1. circular orbit around a planet of mass M. What is the radius of the satellite's orbit? GM (A) mv Gv (B) mM (C) GM v2 per second. A satellite of mass m and speed v moves in a stable.0 m GmM (D) v GmM (E) v2 69.25 m (C) 0. A horizontal force F is used to pull a 5-kilogram block across a floor at a constant speed of 3 meters .68.0 m (E) 10.12 m (B) 0.