The Story of Christianity

5/18/11 Christ Alone ± In Everything Is Christ sufficient for our lives as well as our justification? What things make us lose our joy? These are usually our idols. y y Approval from others, comfort, respect, jobs, self-image (and a 1000 other idols) Where do we get out identity? Family, job, location, etc.

These lesser things cannot provide for us what Christ has already provided. Seeing Christ as sufficient in all things allows us to give up our possessions, our rights, our honors, etc. for others. First Century 33 ± Jesus crucified 70 ± Destruction of the temple in Jerusalem 95 ± Revelation written Jewish Diaspora ± Dispersed Jews help spread Christianity and provide the Septuigant Persecutions under Nero and Domitian Clement of Rome ± Apostolic Father Second Century 100 ± Death of John 107 ± Martyrdom of Ignatius 144 ± Marcion excommunicated (made his own canon) Response of cannon, creed (Apostles Creed), and apostolic succession (of doctrine) 155 ± Polycarp martyred - ³For eighty-six years I have served him, and he has done me no evil. How could I curse my King who saved me?´ Justin Martyr ± The great apologist who defended the faith against lofty criticisms Irenaeus ± Very pastoral in his writing with a grand view of history culminating with Christ Clement of Alexandria ± Began to support allegorical interpretations and mixed the philosophers with scripture Tertullian ± Was a great apologist for the faith and coined the terms used in the Trinity but late in his life converted to Montanism Origen ± Very influential theologian who allegorized scripture who supported a type of universalism as well as a dual creation (spiritual, fall, then physical) but he offered these doctrines only as opinions Persecutions continue for Christian. It comes in waves and is still not universal. Gnosticism is on the move ± Special secret knowledge and a dualism between good and evil /spirit and material, deny humanity of Christ By 200 AD it is official that 23 of the New Testament books are without dispute considered scripture

John Chrysostrom (known for his excellent expositional preaching). not parted or divided into two persons. Jerome (translated the Latin Vulgate) Fifth Century 404 ± Jerome finishes Vulgate ± Bible used for the next 1000 years 410 ± Rome is sacked by Visigoths 430 ± Augustine dies 451 ± Council of Chalcedon ± Focuses on two natures of Christ in response to Nestorianism ± Christ¶s two natures are completely separated Monophysitism/Eutychianism ±Christ had but a single nature. unchangeable.Third Century 215 ± Clement of Alexandria dies 261 ± Basilicas are built for church buildings Lapsed and confessors ± should they be readmitted to the church if they lapse under persecution? Worship y y Every service included reading of scripture with prayers and hymn singing and communion service 3 distinct offices ± bishop.´ Council of Chalcedon AD 451 Augustinian/Pelagian controversy . the distinction of the natures being in no wise taken away by the union. but rather the property of each nature being preserved. Gregory of Nyssa. indivisibly. inconfusedly. his human nature being absorbed into his divinity ± Coptic Christians believe this today 476 ± Fall of the Western Roman Empire Hypostatic Union ³to be acknowledged in two natures. inseperably. presbyter/elder. and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence. and Gregory of Nazianzus carried on the fight for Nicene orthodoxy Ambrose of Milan (great theologian and defender of orthodoxy). and deacon Use of the word catholic for the church meaning the church ³according to the whole´ or universal to distinguish it from the secretive gnostic ³churches´ that claimed to be the only true church Fourth Century 303 ± Violent persecutions of Christians under Diocletian 312 ± Constantine¶s conversion 313 ± Edict of Milan ± Persecutions end for Christians in Roman Empire 324 ± Eusebius writes church history 325 ± Council of Nicea ± The relationship of the father and son is affirmed against Arianism 330 ± Byzantium named Constantinople and becomes capital of empire 381 ± Council of Constantinople ± Nicene Creed affirmed and finalized Church has gone from the persecuted to the powerful Many reactions to this change such as monasticism Donatism ± Does the validity of the sacraments lie in the one performing them? Athanasius ± The defender of Nicene orthodoxy following the council of Nicea (banished 5 times) Cappadocians Fathers ± Basil the Great.

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