The Task You Are Undertaking. Welcome to DotA.

You suck, and you are going to be constantly reminded of this fact for about 6-9 months (if you learn). If you read this guide and use your brain and be actively aware of how bad you suck, you can easily shave 3-6 months off of your complete noob status. You could even play easy mode(em) and make some kids think that you¶re really good, but only if they are bad. Unfortunately, DotA has a massive learning curve. You need to play each of the 104 heroes at least once each to have basic understanding of the power levels of each hero. Each game takes on average 30-50 minutes. Prepare to play a lot of DotA. If you want to cut this down, go to websites and read hero skills and guides, and from there you should get basic ideas of how to play these heroes. You are going to have to learn items, strategies, laning combos, abbreviations, and MASSIVE AMOUNTS OF TEAMWORK. However, I promise that once you get the basics down, and you start playing casually with your friends, that you are going to have a TON load of fun. There is no grinding for weeks to get that gear you want like in an MMO. Rolling a new hero is as easy as playing one game, and each game you can go different skill/item builds with different team setups. Basically, it is going to take a really long time to get bored with this game. Every game is different. I¶ve spent about 3+ years of my full gaming time focused on DotA, and I cannot wait for DOTA 2 to get released. You may be interested in playing Heroes of Newerth(HoN) or League of Legends(LoL), but no developer is better than Ice Frog. He has been working on DotA since 2005 with no income and no release of his real name(until DOTA 2!). DotA has way more heroes than either of these games, and as soon as it gets ported to DOTA 2, the only thing DotA is lacking(graphics and matchmaking) will immediately be resolved, and some added features that have been promised to be implemented will make anyone hard pressed to choose the other games. I see no reason to pick HoN or LoL, and please, never mention Storm of the Imperial Sanctum ever again, unless you want to try playing DotA circa 2004 with good graphics and a tiny map.

How to Survive Bnet and Learning Dota with Emotions in Tact, as a Noob. You are going to feed. You are going to ruin games, and someone is going to be happy to tell you why. As far as I¶m concerned, Warcraft3 customs has the most bad mannered, bitching, douchebags on the gaming internet. The only thing that comes close is Xbox Live. You are going to have to have thick skin to play DotA. To get around this major barrier of entry, GO DOWNLOAD THE AI MAP. The AI¶s will not rage at you, they won¶t care if you feed. They will teach you the heroes by raping you with them, and no one has to know. The only thing you need to know when playing against AI¶s, is fill the game with computers(easy/normal/hard). The difficulties only allow them to buy items at slightly different prices. Hard computers makes their items slightly cheaper, easy makes them normal prices. When you enter the game, type the game mode. -ap(all pick) -ar(all random) -sd(single draft, pick from 1 random agi, 1 random str, 1 random int hero at your circle) -rd(random draft, 30ish random heroes are picked, pick heroes like in kickball) If you want to play easy mode(which is ONLY recommended for new players playing against REAL opponents) add em at the end of your gametype. For example: -apem -arem -sdem -rdem Easy mode gives you 2 gold per game second instead of 1 gold per game second. All of the heroes also level faster. This is the only difference, but it is a huge difference. You can sit in your base and complete items. You can hit lv. 6 in less than 5 minutes. Easy mode games will almost always end 20 minutes faster, guaranteed.

Easy mode players are on average worse players. It teaches you bad habits. You should most definitely move away from easy mode as soon as you feel comfortable with the skill range you are performing in. it changes the strengths of a LOT of heroes(almost all int heroes are significantly weaker. or you just want to play dota against real kids and you don¶t want to get stomped by good players. Now. The only reason I advocate playing easy mode is if you have absolutely no concept of last hitting. I do NOT recommend new players to play easy mode.As a whole. all carries are significantly stronger). which one of these awesome heroes do you want to pick? Heroes to avoid playing early in your dota experience: STRONG RECOMMEND: Invoker Techies Visage Chen Geomancer MODERATE RECOMMEND: Keeper of the Light Wisp Silencer Puck .

Shadow Fiend Templar Assassin These are just general guidelines. If you want to get farmed(get a lot of gold quickly) you want to last hit every single creep in each wave. If you land the final blow on an allied creep(you can only attack allied creeps below 50% hp) then you deny your lane opponents the chance to last hit that creep. Your tower has to be below 10% hp to deny it. Periodically a Catapult is added. You can¶t just play your first game of dota and go 15-0-17 with silencer. You gain experience when enemy creeps and heroes die around you. and enemy heroes. defeated by your team. To get items you need money. You gain gold for getting the last hit on the heroes or creeps. and gaining gold. If you deny a tower. . When you land the final blow on an enemy creep (last hit or lh) you receive a random amount of gold for the kill(about 35-45 gold per creep). 100 if the enemy denies a tower). The throne is deep inside their base and to get there. There are basic units spawned every 30 seconds from each of the three lanes. To get stronger you need items. Creeps also slowly gain max hp over the course of the game. you are denying your enemy team a total of 500-800 gold. gaining experience. 200 if your teammates or team kills it. You also get gold when your team destroys a tower(about 450-600 for a last hit on a tower. you have to beat down enemy creeps. Very Basic DotA Breakdown DotA is a game about teamwork. That is a huge amount of gold. but they take a little getting used to. For most of the game there are 3 melee creeps and 1 ranged creep. KILLING CREEPS IS THE FASTEST WAY TO FARM WITH VERY FEW EXCEPTIONS. and THEY ALSO GET LESS EXP AS A RESULT. and eventually in the game there are more melee and ranged creeps. None of those heroes are bad necessarily. The magic number on lv. Ultimately you want to destroy the enemy team¶s throne. At early levels your heroes are very weak and cannot clear creep waves and towers by yourself. It just isn¶t going to happen. 1 towers is below 130 hp. enemy towers.

each ultimate 3 times. and you can get 10 levels of stats by lv. creep or hero on the way there. . but he actually throws his attack at 1. and he will be under your control. This hotkeys your hero to number 1. Each basic skill can be leveled up 4 times. You start at lv. Basic Warcraft III Controls Left click to select your Hero. and the max is lv. To attack a hero. They are all quite reduced late game when your hero gets more attack speed. To use an enemy or ally targeted ability. 1 ultimate(or ult). 1. 25. F1 is also permanently selected to your hero without any setup. you gain a level. Some are very long. Stats will be explained later. just double tab 1(or F1) and the screen will center your hero.1 seconds. 25. Slow attack animations are most notable early game. When your hero is selected right click to move to a location. All heroes have different attack animations. All attack animations have attack points. Lets say it takes Necrolyte 1. The best way to cancel this is to right click on the ground to move at 1. This is called an attack animation. like swinging your sledgehammer back before crushing brains. I strongly recommend selecting your hero and pressing Control+1. This means that you ONLY have to wait 1. Animation Cancelling Every hero has an amount of time it takes to perform an attack. THIS IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT WHEN CHASING. I am going to explain this with an example. OR right click on the enemy hero. click the ability icon or PLEASE FOR THE LOVE OF GOD LEARN AND PRESS THE HOTKEY and then left click on the hero.When you gain enough experience. Usually you can figure these out by reading the skills. sometimes it takes watching another player perform them. It is normally called attack move or Orb Walking(when heroes have orbs like slows). +2 agi. Each level of stats gives you +2 str. If you ever need to find your hero or select him. Every hero has some kind of combos between each of his skills. Almost every single hero gets 3 basic skills. some are very short.1 seconds. press the A hotkey and left click their hero. and +2 int.5 seconds to finish an attack animation.1 seconds to throw an attack. If you press the A hotkey and left click on the ground(not on a hero) you will move to that position attacking the closest enemy. and the option for stats instead of levels.

With the experience you gain levels and with the gold you gain better items. ALWAYS CARRY A TP SCROLL AT ALL TIMES IN CASE YOU NEED TO GET SOMEWHERE NOW. and gold from getting creep last hits. To improve your experience and gold advantage over your opponent. they spend 20-40 seconds walking slowly all the way back to base. Anyone who supported you in that kill also gets some support gold even though they didn¶t land the final blow. I don¶t care if you are only 250 gold from getting boots. Because of item.If you do not cancel your animation at 1. always learn the animation cancel for your character if they have a long animation. 1 spells do low damage. Simply put. The noobs that are ALWAYS under leveled spend a lot of time walking back and forth to base to heal. skill. Laning The purpose of laning is to get experience from enemy creeps dying. Generally if all things are equal(picks. Yes. ALWAYS BUY A TP SCROLL AND USE IT WHEN GOING SOMEWHERE LONG RANGE. whichever team has a level and gold advantage will win the game if they continue the trend. If you play right(perfect teamwork) against another perfect teamwork team. and their slow and stun durations are usually low. and skill limitations early game. That¶s 3 last hits and a lot of creep exp that you would spend time walking back and forth. and they also miss all chances of last hits and denies. you want levels and you want gold. etc. but that is simply 3 last hits and you are even again.5-1 levels worth of experience they are missing out on. Also. This is . To reduce the effect of ALMOST BEING KILLED you should purchase a tp scroll from base and make the trip back shorter. your best option is to KILL THEM. level. it is worth the 135 gold. Always. etc.4 seconds. you will stand there for NO reason for . the little things matter.). Lv. is PLEASE FOR THE LOVE . Your second best option is to ALMOST KILL THEM and make them go back to base to heal.1 seconds. Push) As was said before. heroes generally stay in very close proximity to the other team in their lanes. This is mostly because their skills do not lack enough killing and chasing power. This is hard for noobs to get over. and generally ranged heroes have the longer animations. The final most important thing you can learn about laning. Gank. Buy a tp scroll. Most melee heroes have a faster animation. Phases of Game(Laning. which can be the difference between getting a kill and not getting a kill. If they go back to heal. When you KILL THEM you gain about 250 gold and usually about a level¶s worth of experience.

the creep line will be pushed closer to the enemy¶s tower. and you will miss(33%?) trying to ranged attack up a hill.OF GOD DO NOT AUTOATTACK THE CREEPS. 1 for a looonnnngg time. Just don¶t auto attack. For this reason. so you will have some more survivability as a result. DON¶T AUTOATTACK THE CREEPS. Since you are in a lane by yourself. You can also solo heroes that get very powerful with items and not necessarily levels. Reasons for Who Goes Where? You want to solo a hero that gets very powerful with levels who can do so safely. there will then be 2 heroes top. your team will then have an advantage. Who Goes Where? Because of the experience mechanic of experience being generally split between close by heroes. you do not want to put 5 heroes in the same lane. you get all of the experience and gold(that your opponent does NOT deny). When they enemy is closer to their tower. It is so much more difficult to gank heroes when you can¶t sneak behind them before initiating the gank. Instead of auto attacking. There are also ledges. Their team will lose exp and gold. This is called the creep line. The creeps do a very exact amount of damage. Generally. and 2 heroes in the bottom lane. right click all over the ground. there is usually a 3 hero(trilane). Ignore this line for about a year because you should not be in those games(but feel free to watch them!). THE CREEP LINE WILL NOT MOVE. There is a place where the creeps meet and beat on each other until they die. spam the S key(stop) to animation cancel your hero(BEFORE he throws his attack). Those are the two reasons to consider when you pick a solo mid. Mid is also the easiest lane to defend yourself in. Lane Control is either when you KILL THEM or ALMOST KILL THEM. 1 hero in the middle lane. and possibly own the other solo. In high level skill games or tryhard games. to establish some LANE CONTROL. It is short in length between each tower so you will be generally safe by hiding next to your tower. if two waves of creeps fight endlessly on flat ground. You will all be lv. run in circles until you are ready to last hit. For basic skill level games or non-tryhard games. ‡ Are you a ganking hero that can take advantage of level gaps? ‡ Is your hero going to greatly benefit from a level advantage AND a farm advantage from sitting in a lane generally undisturbed for 8-15 minutes(we are talking about noobs . If you start auto attacking or nuking the creeps. they are closer to being safe. your mid is usually going to want to gank a top or bottom lane. with 2 solo lanes. Once you get to the 6-9 levels.

and making sure no one has to say DON¶T FEED YOU NOOB. Properly ganking is 50-100% player skill(depending on if allies are involved) and 50-0% teamwork. give you a favorable outcome. and be aware that no hero is overpowered. KILL THEM or ALMOST KILL THEM and DON¶T FEED YOU NOOB. . I can promise that once you learn the heroes and you get some experience under your belt and actually become good at the game. but today is not that day. You can do ganks before the first round of creeps spawn. Do NOT blame your teammate for not knowing EXACTLY what you were planning to do at the noob level. and who stuns first. deny creeps to deny your lane enemies their gold. Ganking The ganking phase is ongoing through the course of the whole game. The final. Later on you can call them a horrible noob for soloing mid as wisp. Communication in DotA is huge. so please learn to do it. but for now respect someone¶s wishes when they call a solo mid lane.5 second stun and your ally has a 1. they will push that advantage the whole game and THE GAME WILL BE OVER BECAUSE YOU FED THEM. so good communication at low levels is going to give you a huge advantage. Feeding is the quickest way to tell if someone is bad at dota. ALWAYS give a time estimate if possible. Stacking your stuns makes the difference in whether your gank is successful. Blaming other people for failing during bad communication is a very common mistake people make. If you want to gank a hero. Typing that into chat window is going to clear up ALL confusion with your gank. that you will stop feeding.right?)? You will learn which heroes are better for the solo mid(usually int caster heroes or semicarries are the best).5 second stun. I stun first´. always start the first stun that is most reliable (single target easy to click on a hero). ping on the minimap(Alt+g+left click on map) and type something. This is by far THE most discouraging thing about DotA(aside from players who bad mouth or act cocky). and if you give your enemies kills and they are good at DotA. Ex: ³Ganking Rhasta in 15 seconds. and a successful gank can win the game(during the later stages of the game). Communication mistakes are even made in high level of play. They all have strengths and weaknesses that when exploited. This means you will do completely stupid things in lane for the first 5-10 minutes which will get your enemies kills. which hero you want to target. IN SUMMARY: Get last hits to gain gold.If you have a 1. STUN STACKING. They are probably focusing on getting last hits. most important part of laning is DON¶T FEED YOU NOOB. This is why you need to play AI games for a couple days(week or two really) so that you can understand the basics of how powerful heroes are.

This gives you map control. When you are raxing a lane. Ganking solo is a wonderful way to FEED THE ENEMY EXP AND GOLD. and this gives your team 1000-1300 gold. When you are ganking late in the game. you probably need to get there and 5 man defend your tower. without dying. DO NOT GET BALSY. You will always have an advantage when fighting by a tower(damage. that¶s 10-20 seconds you could have been ATTACKING THE . In pub games(public player games) it is almost always very hard to organize your team to do a push. you want to organize into a 5 man pushing team. You are pushing to destroy towers or Rax(barracks). If any enemy tries to 5 man push your tower. This is not how you play DotA well. Generally. which means they spend less time pushing and farming. your team has a 3000-3900 gold advantage. If you start tower diving(going close to a tower to kill a hero when you have zero creeps around) then you had better be able to kill that hero in less than 5 seconds. This results in the Creep line being constantly pushed against your enemy. All because you were greedy and balsy.5 seconds in your head. Any time you get balsy and DIE as a result means you lost some advantage(if any) that you just had. The most important advice I can give you about ganking is DON¶T GET BALSY. Do not gank solo. This results in a whole 3 seconds of stun. Pushing A push is a very important part of the DotA game. If you destroy 3 enemy towers and they have 0 of your towers. etc.5 seconds of stun is WASTED. and you want to destroy enemy towers.Wait 1. This is a huge advantage. Once you destroy all the towers in a lane. always bring other people with you. If you both stun at the same time. you can destroy the Rax. or you shouldn¶t be there. DO NOT GET BALSY. The most important advice I can give you about pushing that doesn¶t get too complex is DON¶T GET BALSY. when your heroes are powerful enough to do so. If you chase them to their fountain and kill one more hero. see invis. Just don¶t do it. Stun stacking is going to pretty much guarantee that you get a kill early in the game during ganks(if you are animation cancelling and attack moving or orb walking). Most people want to go into the jungle and farm neutral creeps the entire game until they have full items. Raxing your opponents is the single most important way to put the game in your favor. both your melee creeps in lane and your ranged creeps in lane get more hp and more damage. 1. bring 2 people. bring your whole team. which creates pressure on them to defend. Bring 1 person.) so defending a tower is almost always beneficial. then land your stun. When you destroy both sets of rax. This all but guarantees a kill or great outcome.

so you usually end up farming for 2030 minutes before you start raping face. It is the worst feeling in DotA. heals. Support Support heroes are pretty much any hero who has some type of control. There is a small branch of carry called the semi-carry.RAX. Hard carries are the strongest carries in the game. I will not get very far into this. but anything else is always valued more than another carry. stuns. DESTROY THE RAX. This does not mean everyone should play them. Stuns are usually valued over almost anything else. your teamsetups are usually 2-5 carries per team. ALWAYS WIN THE GAME AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE IF THE ENEMY TEAM HAS MORE CARRIES THAN YOU. etc. Carry Almost every team needs a carry. Carries are arguably the most fun to play because you get to see ³YOUR NAME´ DOUBLE KILL. Sometimes they cannot be stopped once they get certain item advantages. Stop feeding. though they will never be as strong as a Hard Carry. These are heroes that can and do fit other roles like support/gank/teamfight. and I have had teammates throw the game away like this. Casters make good supports. disables. I¶ve thrown the game away like this. SOMETIMES 2. Generally semi-carries are strong throughout the whole game. unless you have no carry. they give you lane . Slows. Pushing wins the game. DO NOT SCREW AROUND. A normal team only needs 1 carry. Don¶t throw the game away. you noob. Which could make the difference between your push being successful. etc. Carries are probably 80% dependent on items late game. If you mess around with your push or you are off farming when your team pushes. nukes. Other than feeders or leavers. Kinds of Heroes There are 3 basic types of heroes that you will need to know. This is wrong. they give you map control. RAMPAGE. Supports keep your carries alive in lanes. DO NOT CHASE HEROES BACK TO THE FOUNTAIN. TRIPLE KILL. YOU WILL LOSE THE GAME EVENTUALLY IF YOU LET IT DRAG OUT. When you are playing with noobs. A carry is usually an agility hero who is weak in the early game but becomes VERY strong in the late game with the correct items. you are potentially throwing the game away.

This is how you support a carry. make a HUGE difference in teamfights. but I felt like making it its own section. they let you KILL THEM early in the game. you are more or less in an amazing position during a teamfight. . Let your carry kill a tower while you guard him. His success is a result of YOUR success. Gank Gank heroes are generally heroes with stuns or slows who are very strong throughout the whole game(especially early). it¶s not about having the best items. because if that is done. The bigger advantage your carry has over the enemy team. If an enigma can land a 3 second Black Hole on the entire enemy team and your team is attacking them the entire time. so they get farm(cs) preference over gankers and carries until they get that item. Kill enemy towers while your carry farms. Nothing feels better than owning so hard as a support that your carry can farm for the first 25 mins of the game untouched. your team is going to win the game. harass enemy heroes in lane while your carry gets last hits on creeps. or trying to farm a major item(blink dagger) and then they should start ganking. Teamfight Teamfight heroes are hardly worth mentioning. and ALWAYS let your carry get the farm in the lane. or walking ultimates. When ganking. if you can help it. Their entire purpose on your team is to land a good ult. and last hits on enemy heroes. someone NEEDS to buy a chicken. It¶s about letting your carry do this. so they usually get cs(creep stats. You play your support to allow your carry to farm their balls off. the better chance your team is going to win. Heroes like Tidehunter who have amazing aoe stuns that are mostly guaranteed to stun every person on the field. or farm) preference over support or teamfight heroes. If you keep their carries under leveled and without experience while your carry is at a normal level with items. you have a really good chance to win. It is not about getting kills. Going ganking and taking a few gank heroes is going to prove successful. Ganking heroes sometimes need a little bit of farm before they become ganking machines. A few heroes are better known as walking ults. Always remember when playing a support. Gank heroes should either be ganking. followed immediately by pushing after successful ganks(5v4 means you are more likely to win a teamfight and destroy towers or raxes).control. Let them farm the blink dagger. try to nail their carries. Some teamfight heroes need that first major item(usually a blink dagger). and then use that farm to finish the game handily. drop it and share control with the team.

If you have the right melee heroes and you are fighting noobs you can make it work. the most important role you can follow in noob games. have at LEAST one carry(not going to be a problem in easy mode!) and that you have a good balance of support. a double melee lane means you fail at DotA. There are 3 stat types which I¶ve already mentioned. However. Obsidian Destroyer. Can you see why people who are brand new to DotA completely feed their balls off? They don¶t know the aspects of the game that let you avoid the feeding stage. For solo lanes. and some carries can solo as well(Morphling. is learn what items are best for each hero.). Your opponents will have many opportunities to harass and ALMOST KILL YOU and you will either spend a lot of time walking back to base. For good team setup. etc. Storm. Tinker. The easiest way to pick is to GET MORE STUNS. Let¶s start with stats. Puck. Strength(str) Agility(agi) . try to get a hero that benefits from early level advantage or good farm who can gank well with runes or bottle(Lion. They are usually going to cover a Gank/Teamfight role. isMAKE SURE YOU HAVE AT LEAST ONE RANGED HERO IN EACH LANE. Game Mechanics The second most important aspect of DotA other than learning each hero.). but this general rule applies. etc. Even in noob games. gank. or a lot of time standing away from your creeps because you will be harassed away from the creep line where your gold awaits. and team fight heroes.Good Teamsetup/Good Lane Setup This is going to be a very vague noob level Good Lane Setup/Good Team Setup. Akasha. Always pick a ranged hero if your team only picks melee. Shadow Fiend.

. and if you are an agility hero. If you cast a spell on an enemy hero that does 400 damage and they have 400 hp. is EVERY 1 ARMOR YOU GAIN GIVES YOU 6% MORE HP VERSES PHYSICAL ATTACKS. Very few heroes have pure damage. Every stat does something different.Intelligence(int) Every single hero gains strength. you gain +1 damage.03 hp/sec regeneration. Every point of Intelligence you gain gives you 13 increased mp. Every point of Agility you gain gives you 1/7(. Physical damage does less damage the more armor that a hero or unit has. 1% increased attack speed. Magic Damage. you gain +1 damage. your spell will only do 300 damage to that enemy hero. it is not reduced by Magic. Nearly every single spell casted by a hero that does damage does magic damage. This is what happens when you auto attack heroes. Some heroes gain more than others. If you are a 1000 hp hero at full hp and you buy a ring of protection(+2 armor) you now effectively have 1120 hp if the enemy heroes ONLY autoattack you. agility. but be aware that it DOES A LOT OF DAMAGE. 0. 0. you gain +1 damage. Damage done by magic is calculated by magic resistance. Just know that armor increases have a direct reduction to damage received.04 mp/sec regeneration. and intelligence when they level up. Damage Types There are 3 main types of damage to be done in DotA. y y y Physical damage. and a few that change hp based on a % but for a new player this information is not important. and if you are a strength hero. ESPECIALLY TO LOW HP. Pure damage is called Pure damage because it is not reduced by anything. The best rule to look at. The most simple way to figure out how damage is calculated is to look at it this way. HIGH ARMOR HEROES. It is not reduced by armor. There are a few others that impact how some spells interact with heroes under various status effects.142) armor. All heroes have base magic resistance of 25%. Pure damage. and if you are an intelligence hero. and Pure. Magic. No creep has magic resistance. you can look these numbers up online. Every point of Strength you gain gives you 19 hp. You have Physical. Always be aware of this when calculating how many nukes it takes to kill a hero when you are chasing.

+1 str. +3 int) ‡ Ancient Tango of Essifation(90 gold. you start with 853 gold. +1 agi. 3 per stack. if you receive damage it is interrupted) ‡ Lesser Clarity Potion(50 gold. regens 100 mana over 30 seconds. When you start a game where you random your hero. WHAT TO BUY????? DO BUY: ‡ Ironwood Branches(53 gold. heals 400 hp over 10 seconds. +1 int) ‡ Gauntlets of Strength(150 gold. +3 agi) ‡ Mantles of Intelligence(150 gold. When you start a game where you pick your hero. you start with 603 gold.More Bang for your Buck Early game starting items are the quickest way to tell if a player is bad at dota or bad at math(not necessarily both). +3 str) ‡ Slippers of Agility(150 gold. if you receive damage it is interrupted) .18 hp/sec regen) ‡ Healing Salve(100 gold. Eat a tree to restore 115 hp over 16 seconds(7.

Drop to have movable unit that can carry items from base to your team. bottle fills at base can store rune and refill with rune pickup) ‡ ENTIRE Wraith Band(485 gold. ‡ Animal Courier(170 gold. +6 agi.‡ Ring of Protection(175 gold. +3 int. +6 int. +3 str. Click to release charges. 3 charges of 135 hp/70 mp regen. Buy if you want to try hard in a noob game. which you do if your team can execute teamwork well! I will not talk about wards later. +6 str. +3 agi. but there are lots of good guides) GENERALLY DO NOT BUY: ‡ Boots(500 gold. Stores up to 10 charges). heal 15 hp/15 mp per charge stored. +3 damage) ‡ NOTHING. +3 damage) ‡ ENTIRE Null Talisman(505 gold. If enemy casts a spell by you. +3 int. +3 str. SAVING FOR RING OF HEALTH LOL(875 gold. +1 charge. +3 damage) ‡ ENTIRE Bracer(525 gold. EVERY TEAM SHOULD HAVE A COURIER AT GAME START) ‡ Observer Wards(200 gold. +3 agi. +55 movement speed) ‡ Bottle(600 gold. +5 hp/sec regen) . Gives vision where placed for 5 minutes. +2 armor) ‡ Magic Stick(200 gold.

Bottle. stats give you more hp to save your life when running away. SPEND YOUR MONEY. The items can save you from dying OR get you a kill. the starting items are fairly standard. and stats give you more mp to cast spells to save lives or take lives. In DotA you can only carry 6 items. +6 agi. gain exp. They will have to leave because YOU came to lane with 2 times as much regen. The only reason to make those items is to free up space. KILL THEM) You may be confused why I wrote no Bracer/Null Talisman/Wraith Band. If you are sitting on a wad of cash early. DO NOT BUY BOOTS FIRST. +3 int. Stats give you last hitting potential(you can last hit creeps BEFORE your enemies can because you do more damage. So remember. y y Am I a support hero/should I buy a chicken/did anyone buy a chicken? Am I an int caster who would benefit from extra nuking power gained by clarity potions? . and you get a level advantage. 485 gold. That 176 gold difference between a wraith band and the brach/slipper combo gives you extra money to buy regen. The easiest way to rape noobs in lane is harassing them out of lane. why would you purchase a Wraith Band(1 slot. +3 damage) when you could buy 3 Ironwood Branches. +3 str. 1 Slipper of Agility(4 slots. or a Wraith Band.As you can see. When you see this. You should iron out a very vauge item build for your hero as you buy your starting items. Early game. Those keep you in the lane to farm. you now have lane control because they left to heal. This is more commonly the case with brand new DotA players. +3 int)? Later you can make those branches into a wand(GREAAAATTT item for most heroes). and put you into a favorable position later in the game. and no good items. it is recommended that you purchase cheap items that give you stats. That regen is used when you are ALMOST KILLED and lets you stay in lane longer for more exp. or sell the branches back for half of the gold(26 woot woot!). Often noobs only purchase 1 set of Tangos because they spent all their money on a ³big´ item like Boots. To make proper starting item decisions. Congratulations. How to Plan Out Your Item Builds One of the greatest ways for a noob to lose an advantage in DotA is to not make good item decisions. +3 str. 309 gold. you have to look at a few things. buy stats and regen in lane. Therefore. HARASS THE THEM OUT OF THE LANE. +6 agi. You would figure this out in about 10-30 games. you have 6 slots. and cheap items which give you regen. For most heroes. but I'll save you a little pain by telling you to SPEND YOUR MONEY.

A Short Piece of Sincerity. you should be considering broad item ideas: y y y y Who is making a Mekanism? Will I be/should I be buying wards right now? Are there any invis heroes that would get shut down if I buy a dust? What items am I building towards? Can I buy any parts yet? More specifically to your hero. Think for yourself on item builds. Later in the early game. and some knowledge of DotA math.y y y Does my hero have any weaknesses that need to be filled like low hp or no armor? Am I a melee farmer who would benefit greatly from a quelling blade? Am I going to want to make a ring of basilius in lane later? These are the questions that should be answered JUST when purchasing your first items. The funny part is that 95% of dota players base all of . this is going to improve your game over the long run and let you play every hero(item wise) with a moderate amount of practice. then BACK TO YOU SUCKING. and would my whole team and I greatly benefit from arcane boots?(YES) Does your hero have a lot of spells to cast? If so. but is way more powerful with mana? Get a wand/magic stick or a basilius or urn. These are all important questions to ask yourself. If you didn't notice yet. Are you a strength hero who is not 100% reliant on spells. almost every person who plays DotA at any level in the skill curve. and question every build(mentally) that you ever see or think of. be mindful to some basic hero ideas: y y y y y y y What upgraded boots will I want? Am I a carry who would benefit from stats and attack speed? Would I benefit from phase boots? Am I a support hero. make sure you have mana regen. More than almost all of my tips. Are you a carry or strength hero who has no need for supplementary mana if you are at full during a teamfight? Just buy a magic stick. thinks that they know best. or don't waste money on mana regen.

Sena ONLY sells stat items. She sells stat items that give you a +1 to all. and quelling blades. +10 to one kind. there are two side shops on the map. but the second best is to have extremely good efficiency in your item builds. +3 to one kind. or items that are gone when you use them all. you can find it here. armor and shield items. Weapons Dealer The third basic shop is the Ancient of Wonders. Sena the Accessorizer The second basic item shop is the Weapons Dealer. you are already going to have a huge advantage over your enemies. +5 to one kind. These items buy you important things like TP scrolls. appropriately dubbed for their location. Every kind of item is organized into different shops. This building ONLY sells consumable items.their item decisions on other players who do it first. as it is no longer secretive. and two secret shops. There are 6 different recipe shops. Giant improvements have been made in organization of items into similarly grouped areas. and CHEAP but temporary healing items. Once you are able to think for yourself instead of copying pubs or pros. and 4 basic item shops in base. The best way to get good at DotA is to have good gameplay. or items that increase your stats. If it does damage and is a basic component(not sold at secret shop). The three different +25 to one kind stat items are sold at the secret shop. and +10 to all. These are all next to the fountain. If you learn how to use YOUR brain to make YOUR OWN decisions about items. Additionally. and you are actually making good item decisions. He ONLY sells damage items. WHERE THE HELL DO I FIND THIS STUPID ITEM One unfortunate consequence of playing DotA is that you have to learn where items are. . you can rely on yourself for item builds and play any hero you desire. Wards. inappropriately dubbed. The first basic item shop in base is Sena the Accessorizer.

or it is in the Orphanage. I like to call it The Orphanage. as well as the powerful Kelen's Dagger of Escape(blink dagger) and Ghost Scepter. or the building of items that don't belong anywhere else. and that is represented by a character model. The Orphanage(Cache of the Quel'thelan) The 6 shops across the top of the fountain contain all of the recipes for creating all of the items in the game that require creating to have. you must hold all of the parts including the recipe. it is either not in the main base. make one of these items. Supportive Vestments . To make that item. and some do not. and some of these items require a recipe purchase to finish it.Ancient of Wonders The 4th and final basic shop is called the Cache of the Quel'thelan. If there is a random item you are looking for that does not fit into any of the shops. If you are in doubt what item to buy as a support hero. bottle. Gateway Relics The second recipe shop is called Supportive Vestments. This shop contains the most basic recipes in the game. and all of the boot upgrades. They will show what pieces you need to create them. REMEMBER THESE IDEAS WHEN TRYING TO FIND THE RECIPE YOU WANT. on your hero. You will be getting these items a lot in your DotA career. and weak regen items like sobi mask and ring of regeneration. It is entitled Gateway Relics. the items will combine on your hero when they are all held together. Each shop is organized by type. magic stick. The character model is a peasant. The first recipe shop is easily located at the extreme right of the recipe shops(if on sentinel). The Orphanage contains items like boots of speed. and the extreme bottom if on scourge. If it requires no recipe. The character model is the priest because HE SUPPORTS.

I am looking at you. the abilities of those items DO NOT STACK AND YOU HAVE WASTED A LOT OF MONEY. Leragas The Vile(Secret Shop) Side shops sell a smattering of items from all locations. The side shop has the purpose . give you an orb or a buff placer. All of these items. It is called Ancient Weaponry. regen items. Guinsoo's Scythe of Vyce. The general rule to follow. if you get multple orbs or multiple buff placers. or the items that primarily JUST do damage. Protectorate The fifth recipe shop is the orbs/buff placers shop called Enchanted Artifacts. Enchanted Artifacts The sixth and final recipe shop contains the BIG damage items. damage items. These items are almost always the best thing you can get on a support or intelligence carry/semi carry. is that every hero should only have one of each(there are exceptions. DO NOT GET 2 ORBS PLEASE. and the only non stat boosting. Arcane Sanctum The fourth recipe shop is for tank or defensive items. hp/mp increasing items. Generally. Ancient Weaponry Secret shops sell the most expensive and best stat items. these are the items that you should be aiming for. If you are a late game carry. but I will not get into it). Make these if you want to survive your battle longer. The character model is an armored knight.The third recipe shop is magic/arcane/wizard items called Arcane Sanctum. when on your hero.

It only costs a sobi mask(325 gold. costs 875). which gives 100% mana regen. +2 armor) together(no recipe) it makes a Ring of Basilius( 500 gold. Have you guessed yet that the hardest carries are agility heroes? Every point of agility they get increases their damage AND their attack speed. Compare this to an agility hero who gets an Eaglehorn(+25 agility). or to the secret shop. and +25% attack speed. and gets +25 damage. +1 armor.57 armor.75 hp/sec regen. +50% mana regen) and a ring of protection(175 gold.of ending the game faster by allowing heroes to run the short distance to the side shop instead of back to base. which means they only get about . If your creeps have a 2 armor aura. and . He gains 475 hp. +0.04 mp/sec for each point of Int. that 0. AND that regen gets applied to your ally in lane. +2 armor aura for you and all your allies. your mp/sec DOUBLES with a 500 gold item(void stone. early game. A % mana regen based item gives you mana regen based on your int. +25 damage. There are two side shops because Icefrog was awesome and added a bunch of seemingly random but well planned items at the side shops. This number is quite low. Str and Agi heroes have about 15-18 int at lv. 1. Someone with high damage AND high attack speed does a lot more damager per second(dps). 1. He gains 3.6 mp/sec at lv. 1. not to mention the 3 armor(2 to ally)! Just remember to click on the item in your inventory so that the aura ONLY applies to heroes. If you get a Ring of Basilius. Ring of Basilius gives wayyy more mp regen than any % based mana regen item. 1. that means they have more hp and that creep line is going to PUSH against your . however. Goblin Laboratory Goblin Merchant Important Numbers That Noobs Don¶t Know So lets say a strength hero gets a Reaver(+25 Strength). which correlates to about 1 mp/sec at lv.65 mana regen/sec to you and your allies). Int heroes have tops 25-30 int at lv.

Vlads is very seriously situational almost every game. Who has low damage early game? Yes. Divine Rapier does NOTHING for your illusions. > At low levels! DISGUSTINGLY COMMON NOOB ITEM MISTAKES Vladamir¶s Offering Vladamir¶s Offering(2050 gold. Also. All a Vlads rush does is spend 1500 gold for very little benefit on a hero(usually a melee carry) that needs farm to perform well. Really Common Illusion Hero Mistakes There are illusion heroes all over the place. This means Battlefury does NOTHING for your illusions. Two people with a vlads and fighting in the same battle have seriously wasted 2050 gold between them.65 of which is already gotten from the basilius ring). that¶s right. 15% damage aura. 16% lifesteal aura(melee only). PLEASE GOD DO NOT MAKE A VLADS IF SOME NOOB ON YOUR TEAM ALREADY MADE ONE. Illusions are very misunderstood by lots of players who play DotA(even good ones!). If you want to get a vlads.80 mp/sec aura(. and as I already covered. 5 armor aura.enemy¶s towers. Vlads is an aura item. Most of the illusion heroes are carries. and those Phase boots do NOTHING for your illusions apart from the base . This is a major problem. vlads is entirely based on percentages of total damage. Do not do that unless you are trying to destroy the tower. ALL HEROES. most noobs rush vlads. ONLY get it as a 2nd-4th item. The most important part. turn the ring off when you aren¶t pushing. NOOBS LOVE RUSHING VLADS. . DO NOT RUSH VLADS. then and only then. I will tell you now. is that +DAMAGE ITEMS DO NOT INCREASE THE DAMAGE OF YOUR ILLUSIONS. which means IT DOES NOT STACK.80 mp/sec aura) Vlads is created from a basilius ring(and two other items + recipe) which is a weaker version of a Vlads. because other than the 5 armor aura(3 of which is already gotten from the basilius ring) and the .

Stats directly increase the damage of your illusions. The strength and the intelligence will both benefit your hero. you need to get stats. giving you 1170 hp if the enemy ONLY uses magic attacks. aim for treads(agility if you have adequate hp). The concept is this. . Is it worth it to spend 2000 gold on the item that gives you 300 hp. and it¶s a very simple build to use. and late game you want to buy magic resistance. perhaps you should buy some strength items before you buy that armor. Perhaps it might be a better decision to buy an item that increases your hp by 300 that costs the same. +10 Strength and +10 Intelligence? That¶s because if it was +40 damage. if your hero has 900 hp.movement speed. Making in game decisions like this affects your item builds. PLEASE GET STAT ITEMS ON ILLUSION HEROES. the illusion that it splits off would do NO bonus damage based on the Manta Style. For this reason. This is how you play DotA. and big armor items if you are interested in survivability. first figure out what kind of damage is destroying you. Plan accordingly. and then work towards a diffusal. Look at the heroes you are fighting. and whether you will be prepared for team fights mid game. or is it worth it to spend 2000 gold on the item that gives you 30% resistance to magic? When you have more hp. There are ways around this. and it also keeps you alive from physical attacks as well as magic ones. You can get a crit item(that does increase damage of illusions WHEN you crit). Ever wonder why Manta Style is +26 agility. If you want a really easy build for illusion heroes like Phantom Lancer or Naga Siren. but most importantly. you can get a radiance(every illusion of the carrier has the 40 dps affect). the 30% resistance item produces 600 hp(!). For example. If you have a hero with a low strength gain(low hp hero). early to mid game you need to buy hp items(or very cheap armor items). get a few wraith bands. and you buy a hood which increases magic resistance by 30%. calculate what item is going to enhance your survivability the most. How to Best Reduce Damage Done to your Hero If you are trying to reduce the damage done to your hero. you are effectively increasing your hp by 270 hp. You¶ll have more hp in the end. Another example! If it is late game and you have 2000 hp. From there.

go stand by your tower. Being able to make logical decisions about math are VERY important in DotA. Auto attacking is greatly supported by expensive damage items. and then you need to GTFO(get the #$%^ out). you MIGHT be able to make something happen like get a kill. If you take no assessment when your ally informs you. Part of this is because their skills are based around dps(damage per second) like auto attacking. Run immediately to your tower. If you see some heroes rush out of the fog of war at you. Do not stop to cast ANYTHING that is not going to slow them down. For noobs though. When the game starts and there are 2 heroes in the lane against you. Knowing which item gives you more payoff for less gold is the entire focus on what item builds are better in top-tier play. BUT HEY KEEP READING! OH GOD. you will be in a disadvantageous position if you are getting ganked. they could be WATCHING AND WAITING TO MURDER YOUR ALLIES IN A GANK. right behind where you are standing. how fast you notice. They could be afk sitting at a tower. this is a generally moot point because feeding or lack of skill make the most impact on the game. it is your responsibility to let the team know when they aren¶t there. If the enemy . If they decide to tower dive you with no creeps around. This is called tower hugging. and that you don¶t panic. run behind your tower. Ways to tell if you need to GTFO ‡ If the creep line is more towards your enemy¶s tower than your tower ‡ If there is an entrance to the jungle which you have no vision to. If the enemy hero in your lane noticeably leaves or is missing. and decide if it would be really easy to get ganked in that very moment or in the very short future. they could be running back to the base after you ALMOST KILL THEM. There are ways to lower the chance of you having to GTFO. your survival largely comes down to the skill of your opponent in trying to gank you. you need to immediately stun or slow if you have an ability. If an ally types ³Puck mia mid´ you need to immediately assess where you are on the map. but your main priority is to GTFO.I¶ve already explained that carries are powerful late game and weak early game. type ³HERO mia bot´. and it is called calling mia(missing in action). whether they stack their stuns. Just run. If you need to GTFO. Don¶t stop. THEY ARE TRYING TO GANK ME In times like these. run into the trees next to your tower.

Thanks for reading. and dodging them well enough to get home. tell them they are really bad. but THERE IS NO CONVINCING COCKY PEOPLE THEY ARE BAD. and it amazes me how much I¶ve learned since then. stand just outside of exp range(about ¾ of a screen length) behind some trees so they don¶t know that you are there. because they are simply trying to get you away from your tower so that puck can roll out and KILL YOU. I¶m not going to explain this to you. Every month that goes by. I have been playing for about 3+ years. LAST HIT THIS GUIDE! This is pretty much the most you can learn about DotA without watching any videos of other people playing(so go watch the videos of me or pros playing! YouTube PurgeGamers) or by playing yourself. They are probably wrong. Juking is an important skill to learn in the game. so don¶t condone the behavior if you encounter it. and filled with less frustration. DO NOT ARGUE. I think about how good I thought I was at dota a month or two ago. Just know in your heart that with hard work you will someday pass their skill level. Wait till the creep wave pushes back towards your tower(it is okay if you miss a little experience and cs). At the very least. and I hope that my guide makes the entry of new gamers interested in the very competitive game of DotA less painful. more enjoyable. No one wants to play with cocky douchebags unless they are also cocky douchebags . I have played THOUSANDS of games of dota. The last and best piece of advice I can give you is the reminder that DotA has a huge skill curve. Just watch any DotA montage ever and THERE WILL BE JUKING. but it basically involves running through trees when someone is chasing you. . and that the greatest strength of ANY DotA player is knowing that there is always things to work on with your game play.calls you a pussy for tower hugging. Dicks in pubs will tell you how pro they are and that their builds are the best.

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