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Kawneer Curtain Wall Systems
Rendo NV, Meppell iDX Architecten b.v., Rijssen
Introduction Curtain Wall Systems AA®100 Curtain Wall AA®110 Curtain Wall AA®120 Sunshades PF Curtain Wall AA®201 Unitised Curtain Wall Unitised Curtain Wall Case Study – The Lowry Hotel Supporting Your Projects 4 6 8 10 12 13 14
We've listened to our customers. Kawneer has been recognized as an innovator. makes our building systems and products the right solutions for today and tomorrow. ensuring a successful outcome. including inherent resistance to corrosion and very low whole-life costs. Our unrivalled team has a wealth of experience working closely with architects.by working with Kawneer you can achieve a solution to your most challenging architectural concept. We have developed leading-edge production techniques to ensure that manufacturing efficiency is optimised.
. Aluminium is a near-perfect material for architectural glazing products. In the building sector vast amounts of aluminium are collected for recycling. contractors and clients to develop project solutions from their earliest concepts.
Kawneer has been producing advanced glazing solutions in this versatile material for many decades. Because we control every stage of the process. from mining the bauxite ore through to designing individual systems.
Need something special?
Kawneer offers the world’s greatest pool of talent in architectural glazing systems. Our engineers and designers can support you through every stage of the design and installation process. and we are dedicated to providing the tools our customers need to succeed. Aluminium is also an environmentally friendly material and possibly one of the best options for energy saving within the construction industry. Through the years. Throughout our history we have kept ahead of both the market and regulatory requirements to offer glazing solutions that surpass even the most demanding specifications. and has practical advantages over all other available choices. We are committed to injecting innovation into new product development to ensure our products meet the most exacting engineering and technical standards whilst overcoming sophisticated design challenges. windows and curtain wall systems. framing systems. with rates as high as 92-98%. and we can design custom solutions that will help you to realise your most daring concepts. So don’t compromise .
Committed to the success of your project
Kawneer products are made from materials of the highest quality and designed with the benefit of many years of construction experience. Since its beginnings almost a century ago. and our products meet or exceed all required standards of thermal performance. and more than 50% of the energy used in aluminium production comes from hydro-electric schemes. we offer a unique resource to architects and contractors. combined with aluminium's flexibility and recyclability.
High performance is an essential ingredient for all building components nowadays – it is demanded by users and required by current building regulations. and our right-first-time quality management systems have been devised to minimise waste and exceed the requirements of current ISO 9001 standards.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Kawneer. we've balanced experience with innovation. a global systems company
Kawneer offers a comprehensive range of architectural aluminium building products and systems for commercial construction-entrances. Kawneer’s global design expertise. and environmental impact is minimised.
.Equinox Den Haag Rietveld Architecten.
and the range of mullion.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Today’s fast paced construction schedules demand it all – design innovation. fast installation. Our curtain wall systems have been assessed in accordance with the relevant BS EN and Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT) Curtain Wall Standards. a Structurally Silicone Glazed system and a Fire Resistant system. with 50mm sightlines. The system is available in a variety of styles and is suitable for vertical and sloped applications including facetted walls.
Curtain Wall Systems
Oxford Business Park Aukett Europe
. transom and facecap options provide 65mm sightlines. flexibility. transom and facecap options. Kawneer’s curtain wall systems have been designed and engineered to meet these demands and more. simplified fabrication and superior performance. high quality. To provide complete design flexibility the AA®100 is also available as a Horizontally Capped system. The system is available in a variety of styles and is suitable for vertical applications and facetted walls. Kawneer AA®100 Curtain Wall The AA®100 Curtain Wall system provides a unique dry jointed façade solution that has been developed to provide the specifier with opportunities to design original and exciting façades. Kawneer AA®110 Curtain Wall The AA®110 Curtain Wall system also provides a dry jointed façade solution. The AA®100 has a range of mullion.
The PF is a modular system with factory glazed panellised frames that are fixed to the curtain wall grid. The AA®120 Sunshades system allows passive solar control for the façade of the building and can be connected to the façade either horizontally or vertically. This dramatically reduces time on site. AA®201 Unitised Curtain Wall.
All this makes the PF System an attractive and practical option for many curtain walling requirements. Kawneer PF Curtain Wall The Kawneer PF System is a mullion drained modular curtain wall system. which has been designed so that when viewed externally. Kawneer AA®201 Unitised Curtain Wall Our modular façade solution. and thus the building can be enclosed rapidly allowing hand-over to following trades to take place much sooner.
.Kawneer AA®120 Sunshades The AA®120 Sunshades system has been designed specifically for use with the AA®100 and AA®110 Curtain Wall systems and offers the specifier a wide choice in terms of size and shape of shades to suit individual project needs. Unitised curtain walling is modular – the individual units or panels are assembled off site in factory controlled conditions and then transported to site and craned onto the building. the opening vents and the fixed lights have the same visual appearance. is a highly innovative concept that has already been proven on a number of projects in the UK and Ireland.
Available in both zone and mullion drained options. It is a tried and tested system . the AA®100 curtain wall system provides an innovative dry jointed façade solution that does not need on-site sealants to ensure system performance.
The AA®100 has been designed to provide the specifier with a wide choice of design options according to the needs of the project. with slope vent) and facetted applications ❚ Concealed Zone drainage and Mullion drainage options ❚ Tested & Certified in accordance with the relevant BS EN & CWCT Curtain Wall Standards ❚ Meets the requirements of Document L and Part J (Scotland) ❚ Range of mullion. By offering a range of construction methods and a structural silicone glazed option. sloped (from 7°. the AA®100 enables specifiers. installed and glazed to Kawneer recommended procedures. to identify the optimum curtain walling solutions for the project’s specific requirements.originally designed in Europe to European standards and now adapted and tested to meet the stringent UK market requirements.
AA®100 Curtain Wall
❚ Dry jointed system ❚ Suited to vertical. transom and facecap options with 50mm sightlines ❚ Fully capped option ❚ SSG option ❚ Horizontal cap ❚ Vertical cap ❚ Shares components with AA®110 curtain wall system ❚ Suites with AA®120 Sunshades ❚ Available with a concealed open out vent ❚ Accommodates glass from 4mm to 40mm
With the decisive advantage of…
❚ Removes reliance upon on-site sealing and ensures excellent weathering performance ❚ Wide range of applications from the same suite of sections ❚ Proven weathering performance in the most stringent conditions ❚ Enables further energy savings ❚ Provides choice of aesthetics when designing the building façade
The system. has been tested and certified in accordance with the relevant BS EN and Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT) Curtain Wall Standards.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Kawneer AA®100 redefines curtain walling. assisted by our Architectural Advisors. Air Permeability 600Pa Watertightness (static & dynamic): 600Pa Wind Resistance (serviceability): 2400Pa Wind Resistance (safety): 3600Pa
Centipedes. Heerlen Atelier Dutch
has been assessed in accordance with the Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT) Curtain Wall Standard. the AA®110 also offers a range of construction methods. whilst the AA®100 has a width of 50mm. to identify the optimum curtain walling solutions and create inspirational architectural designs. installed and glazed to Kawneer recommended procedures. The AA®110 enables architects.
❚ Available with a concealed open out vent ❚ Accommodates glass from 4mm to 40mm
. The AA®110 has a width of 65mm. including zone-drainage and mullion-drainage. and is suitable for vertical applications including facetted walls.
AA 110 Curtain Wall
❚ Dry jointed system ❚ Suited to vertical. transom and facecap options with 65mm sightlines ❚ Shares components with AA®100 curtain wall system ❚ Suites with AA 120 Sunshades
With the decisive advantage of…
❚ Removes the need for on-site sealing and ensures excellent weathering performance ❚ Wide range of applications from the same suite of sections ❚ Proven weathering performance in the most stringent conditions ❚ Enables further energy savings ❚ Provides choice of aesthetics when designing the building façade
As with the AA®100 system.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
The AA®110 curtain wall system has been designed in line with the AA®100 system. sloped and facetted applications ❚ Concealed Zone drainage and Mullion drainage options ❚ Assessed in accordance with the CWCT Curtain Wall Standard ❚ Meets the requirements of Document L and Part J (Scotland) ❚ Range of mullion. the fundamental difference is the depth of the mullions and transoms. It is also a tried and tested system – originally designed in Europe. assisted by our Architectural Advisors.
.C U R TA I N WDeLLotto.V. S T E M S A L S Y Rijswijk Van den Oever Zaaijer & Partners Architecten B..
❚ Wide range of aluminium blade profiles to suit a variety of requirements ❚ Integrates with Kawneer Curtain Wall Systems ❚ The AA®120 Sunshades can be fitted vertically or horizontally ❚ Bespoke sections and connections can be designed according to project needs
With the decisive advantage of…
❚ Reduction in solar heat gain and allows greater use of natural ventilation systems ❚ Control of solar glare. which are available in a variety of shapes and sizes and suite with the Kawneer Curtain Wall range. they help to optimise the natural daylight within a building whilst limiting the solar heat gain.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
The Kawneer AA®120 Sunshades add a stunning design statement to the building façade. The AA®120 Sunshades have fixed aluminium blades. Use of solar shading on building facades to limit the building’s solar heat gain can contribute to the thermal performance of the building by: ❚ Reducing the energy consumption due to air conditioning ❚ Allowing greater use of natural ventilation ❚ Limiting direct solar radiation whilst maintaining natural light levels Our Technical Team and Architectural Advisors can offer advice and support in calculating potential energy savings derived from the use of the AA®120 Sunshades for your individual projects. whilst maximizing the amount of natural light reaching the building’s internal environment ❚ Provides a stunning aesthetic statement that unites the building façade ❚ Flexibility and choice according to individual requirements
the opening vents and the fixed lights have the same visual appearance. which has been designed so that. The system consists of panellised frames that are attached. Jefferson Sheard Architects and Nick Derbyshire Architects
With the decisive advantage of…
❚ Opening vents and fixed lights appear the same visually. All this makes the PF System an attractive and practical option for many curtain walling requirements. that you contact our Architectural Advisers for more information. with only a 14mm recessed gap between each pane. Alternatively. For the structurally glazed version of this system. the maximum glass thickness is dependant on various factors. to the curtain wall grids. as either fixed lights. with only a 14mm recess between panels ❚ Dry gasket glazing ❚ Tested in accordance with the CWCT Curtain Wall Standard
The Station. We advise therefore. opening lights or panel areas. Each glazed panel has a visible face of 28mm in width which in combination with a 14mm recess between the panels.
. when viewed externally. a structurally glazed version of the system is available. gives an overall sightline of 70mm. Manchester Airport Aedas. with no visible drainage slots ❚ Allows the specifier to design façades that appear all glass when viewed from the outside ❚ Proven weathering performance in the most stringent conditions
Maximum glass thickness 34mm.Introduction
The PF System is a mullion drained modular curtain wall system. with a wide selection of mullions and transoms to suit most practical requirements. giving the facade an all glass appearance when viewed from the outside.
PF Curtain Wall
❚ Modular system with factory glazed panellised frames that are fixed to the curtain wall grid ❚ Available as a structurally glazed version. which are specific for each individual project. This thermally insulated system offers many possibilities.
simplified fabrication. These include factory fabrication to ensure additional quality control. with installation contracts undertaken in combination with authorised installing Kawneer dealers. fully capped or horizontal caps giving a horizontal emphasis or a vertical cap option giving a vertical emphasis. It offers two sided or four sided structural silicone glazing. and because it can be quickly installed in occupied buildings with minimal disturbance. The AA®201 unitised curtain wall system has been engineered to meet these demands and more. Supplied on a project solution basis the AA®201 has been exclusively designed. has been tested and certified in accordance with the relevant BS EN and Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT) Curtain Wall Standards. It offers the advantage of unitised assembly giving the building team a unique set of benefits. The AA®201 unitised curtain wall system is adaptable to any new construction project. reducing costs and encouraging safer working conditions
The system. transom & face cap options with 64mm sightlines ❚ Seismic movement capability up to 41. The AA®201 offers exactly that. fast installation. high performance IsoPort thermal break. granite and metal panels. The AA®201 unitised system gives the specifier a wide choice of styles to create individual and
exciting building facades. superior performance and design flexibility. installed and glazed to Kawneer recommended procedures.
AA®201 Unitised Curtain Wall
❚ Zone drainage – each pane acts as an individual self draining unit ❚ Side load ❚ Stack joint ❚ Fully drained and pressure equalised for optimal weather performance ❚ Lifting rail ❚ Dual finish capability ❚ The AA®201 system accommodates glass or infill panels up to 32mm ❚ Meets the requirements of Document L and Part J (Scotland) ❚ Fully capped option ❚ SSG option ❚ Horizontal cap option with vertical silicone joint ❚ Vertical cap option with horizontal silicone joint ❚ Tested and Certified in accordance with the relevant BS EN & CWCT Curtain Wall Standards ❚ Range of mullion.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Today’s fast paced construction schedules demand high performance. The system also features the exclusive. The AA®201 can accommodate spandrel infill materials including glass. Air Permeability 600Pa Watertightness (static & dynamic): 600Pa Wind Resistance (serviceability): 2400Pa Wind Resistance (safety): 3600Pa
. developed and supplied by Kawneer. Weathering is achieved by zone drained pressure equalisation. the system is ideal for refurbishment projects. rapid on site installation with slimline design and flexibility.25mm
With the decisive advantage of…
❚ Particularly projects suitable for refurbishment ❚ Offers wide choice of aesthetics ❚ The AA®201 unitised curtain wall system does not require scaffolding ❚ The units are craned or winched into position and secured from the inside of the building. The glazing provides a positive weather seal for high performance. Unitised construction enables it to meet the demands of fast track work schedules and restricted working conditions.
C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S Lowry Hotel. Salford Quays Consarc Consulting Architects
Firstly it offered significant time-savings over conventional non-unitised systems. The elevation was conceived with that of the adjacent 12 storey residential development (also designed by Consarc) as forming a pair of sentinels at the gateway to Salford.100 square metres of curtain walling for the hotel’s 164 bedrooms on the north. The curtain wall design posed a number of important visual and
Unitised Curtain Wall Case Study
performance challenges. Following a two-stage selection process CAP Aluminium Systems were appointed as the successful subcontractor with Kawneer supplying the Unitised Curtain Wall system. The use of a prefabricated system also offered the requisite quality assurances associated with factory controlled conditions. The hotel forms a key element in the Salford regeneration corridor. south and east elevations. The architects’ desire to create a highly glazed yet expressive design led them to incorporate some 3. floorto-ceiling glass at heights. Externally the vision for the glazed walling was to provide a smooth. As well as reducing costs. in order to reduce the apparent scale of the building in relation to the piazza. but also retain a degree of privacy for the hotel’s guests and minimise any possible feelings of vertigo associated with large areas of exposed. a brownfield regeneration zone on the Salford banks of the river Irwell facing Manchester city centre. Secondly the system does not require scaffolding. To this end. One of the principal factors affecting the form of the building was a planning requirement stipulating that the scheme should respond to the riverside piazza created by Trinity Bridge. Unlike conventional in situ curtain wall systems.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Sir Rocco Forte’s prestigious Lowry Hotel in Salford. the team specified the Kawneer Unitised Curtain Wall – a high performance prefabricated glazing system. The units are craned or winched into position and secured from inside the building. it is argued that this results in safer working conditions. The Kawneer system was favoured by Consarc for a number of reasons. The project’s tight construction programme required each part of the building to occur simultaneously. Manchester. Internally the system needed to be highly transparent in order to maximise views over the city. was the first UK project to feature the Kawneer Unitised Curtain Wall System. ‘curtain-like’ back-drop to the piazza and a clearly designed vista along the regeneration corridor to Salford. Designed by Consarc Consulting Architects. linking Manchester city centre with the centre of neighbouring Salford. Last but not least. the Kawneer system was able to meet the aesthetic demands placed on the wall design. the Unitised Curtain Wall is factory assembled and. arriving on site in large integrated units which can be quickly erected. From the outset Kawneer and CAP worked closely with the architect in adapting the system to meet the specific needs of the
. The prefabrication of major design elements ensured that manufacture could take place off-site while the main structure was formed. the £30m scheme is located in Chapel Wharf. As a result the hotel’s triangular plan adopts a dramatic 42 metre radius curve along its south façade. In addition the wall had to accommodate the project’s tight construction program – just 12 weeks for installation – and be of the quality befitting Manchester’s first five-star hotel. The glazed façades form a dramatic. plane-like aesthetic with a horizontal emphasis.
which are fully integrated with doubleglazed window units. Salford Quays Consarc Consulting Architects Client: Rocco Forte Hotels/Chapel Wharf
project. which are factory assembled and fully integrated with the corresponding mullion and transom sections. The Lowry Hotel demonstrates the effectiveness of off-site construction. it also met the demanding performance criteria stipulated by the project team and fulfilled the aesthetic objectives of the design. fabrication and installation. enabling the building to be completed on time and within budget. On site. The Kawneer Unitised Curtain Wall not only facilitated an impressively rapid installation period. undertaking design development. The bolt connection between the lug and plate is designed to accommodate vertical tolerances in the concrete structure of approximately plus or minus 12mm. which connect back to the main line of the façades. the production of shop drawings. The curtain walling itself comprises a system of primary and secondary mullion and transom sections. The panels were fixed from inside the building. In terms of fabrication and installation. Bolted to each angle is a steel anchor lug. the panels are craned into position and slotted on to steel angles which are fitted back to Halfen channels cast into the concrete slabs.
Subcontractor: CAP Aluminium Systems Ltd Structural/M&E Engineer: Buro Happold
. each wall unit comprises three glazed panels (two located below slab level and one above). At the top and bottom of each wall the units are neatly terminated with postfixed aluminium composite panels. This receives an anchor attachment plate which is connected to the inside of the primary mullion sections.Lowry Hotel. with CAP working along each façade installing ‘one floor’ at a time.
As a result of this our partners and customers have direct access to one of the largest pools of technical expertise in the construction industry. and enjoys the extensive resources of the entire Alcoa organisation. Window and Ground Floor Treatment solutions can also be obtained from our Head Office at Runcorn. Kawneer Permacover™ has 15 year gloss and a 25 year matt and metallic guarantees subject to application and Kawneer acceptance in marine.C U R TA I N W A L L S Y S T E M S
Kawneer Permacover™ is a high quality polyester powder paint finish. Subject to compliance with Kawneer’s requirements.
Supporting Your Projects
ISO 9001: 2000 Quality Management System BS EN 12020 Extruded precision aluminium profiles BS 3987 Specification for anodic coatings BS 6496 Specification for powder coatings BS 4255 Part 1 Specification for non-cellular gaskets ASTM C509-94 Specification for cellular gaskets BS EN 12152 Curtain Walling – Air permeability performance requirements and classification BS EN 12153 Curtain Walling – Air permeability – Test method BS EN 12154 Curtain Walling – Watertightness – performance requirements and classification BS EN 12155 Curtain Walling – Watertightness-Laboratory test under static pressure BS EN 12179 Curtain Walling – Resistance to windload – test method BS EN 13830 Curtain Walling – Product standard BS EN 13116 Curtain Walling – Resistance to windload – performance requirements
Kawneer’s regionally based team of Architectural Advisers are able to provide product information and support and can be contacted through the Head Office at Runcorn. offering over 130 standard and 31 metallic paint colours and providing outstanding resistance to environmental conditions. Information on Kawneer’s extensive range of Curtain Wall. Kawneer UK Ltd is part of Alcoa Building and Construction Systems. a 25 year finishes guarantee can be obtained from our Head Office. industrial. Kawneer Permanodic ® is a tried and tested anodising process. Kawneer Permanodic ® is a range of subtle co-ordinated colours which have been researched and developed for architectural systems. swimming pools or other aggressive atmospheres.
. proven in accelerated laboratory tests. allied to the specific glazing systems experience of Kawneer’s many operations around the world. extensive field trials and contract experience.
.La Defense. Almere UN Studio.
Kawneer UK Ltd Astmoor Industrial Estate Runcorn.co. Cheshire WA7 1QQ Tel: 01928 502500 Fax: 01928 502501 London Office 41. Kawneer reserve the right to introduce without notice such changes which will not detract from the product’s performance.kawneer.uk
Kawneer’s continuous development and engineering programmes may bring about product changes.42 Eastcastle Street London W1W 8DU Tel: 020 7409 1422 Fax: 020 7409 1466 E-mail: kuk.K.
. May 2005.com www.kawneer@alcoa. LTD. © KAWNEER U.