Insulating Systems for Large Generators

.

.

8 kV • • >13. The high thermal resistance of these rectangular yarn-insulated conductors makes them suitable for higher-temperature-operating class H generators. Spool with rectangular wire covered with Daglas®. Conductor stack with thermosetting-varnish-coated Daglas® wire. Daglas® and Silix® wires for large generators. The table below shows the preferred materials for large generators: Rated voltage Product name Silix® on bare wire Silix® on enameled wire Daglas® on bare wire <6 kV • • • 6–13.4 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Conductors Roebel bars in hydro and turbo generators need especially mechanically robust insulation at the crossover parts of the bars. Conductors are offered in a wide variety of dimensions. Von Roll has developed yarn-covered enameled conductors with a high bonding strength that can be used on automatic Roebeling machines. .8 kV • • Dimensions On request On request On request On request Description Glass-lapped wire with or without B-stage overcoat Daglas-lapped wire with or without B-stage overcoat Daglas® on enameled wire • Enameled rectangular wire covered with glass/polyester yarn blend (Daglas®).

Insulating Systems for Large Generators 5 Stack Consolidation Von Roll has developed state-of-the-art materials for stack consolidation: Product name Glasoflex® 261.85 On demand On demand On demand Impregnated glass fleece with high resin content for overhangs Impregnated glass fleece/glass fabrics/glass fleece Impregnated glass fleece/glass fabrics/glass fleece Nonconductive Mastic in extruded tape form Conductive Mastic in extruded tape form Nonconductive Mastic in sheet form Mastic 4356 Conductive Mastic 8004 Samica Mastic 362.01 Main wall insulation and conductive tapes Conductive or insulating Mastic Stack separator Insulated conductor We have the right solutions you need to increase your productivity and efficiency.85 On demand On demand Impregnated glass fleece for overhangs Impregnated glass fleece/glass fabrics/glass fleece Nonconductive Mastic in extruded tape form Conductive Mastic in extruded tape form .30 Fast-curing Mastic 4363 Fast-curing Conductive Mastic 8019 Form Tape Tape Mastic Mastic Thickness mm Description 0.50 1.10-03 Glasoflex® 371.00 0.27 ® Form Tape Tape Tape Tape Tape Sheet Thickness mm Description 0.40 0.10-06 Glasoflex® 371.62-02 Glasoflex 371. Our full range of fast-curing materials enables to halve processing time and reduce energy requirements. Conventional » Curing conditions » Shelf life (at 20 °C) » Shelf life (at 5 °C) » Thermal class 60 min/150 °C 6 months 9 months F Fast Curing 15 min/130 °C 3 months 9 months F Recommended fast curing materials are: Product name Glasoflex® 261.

The resins associated with these tapes are listed under “VPI impregnation resins» and are described in detail in a separate brochure. because they: » Have high dielectric strength » Resist corona discharge » Impregnate fast and easily » Retain resin without draining » Can be applied smoothly without creasing » Can be applied by machines or manually » Are fully compatible with a predefined resin system Von Roll’s commitment to mica starts with mining and ends with the finished tapes. Our Samicapor® VPI mica tapes are the perfect choice.6 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Main Wall Tapes for the VPI System We are continually developing and advancing the quality and cost-effectiveness of high-voltage insulation for you. Effective solutions include insulation systems based on VPI (Vacuum Pressure Impregnation) as well as RR (Resin-Rich) processing systems. With Samicapor®. . Von Roll has designed a range of VPI mica tapes that fulfill the requirements of main wall and end-winding insulation.

we have developed a special tape.17 0. and under the names of Filosam® and Samicaflex® for the overhang areas.15 0.15 0. Von Roll has created a complete range of RR main wall insulation tapes and systems under the name of Samicatherm® for both conventional and hydrostatic pressing.55-30 Samicapor® 366. to expand the limits of power output.58-18 Samicapor® 366.58-20 Samicapor® HTC 381.55-20 In addition.58 Samicapor® 366.8 kV mm Total • • • • • • 0.Insulating Systems for Large Generators 7 The table below shows the preferred mica tapes for VPI applications: Rated voltage Product name Samicapor 366.8 kV • • • • • • Mica Composition 160 160 160 180 180 160 Mica/Glass Mica/Glass Mica/Glass Mica/Glass Mica/Glass Mica/Glass Composition Accelerated Non-accelerated epoxy epoxy/ anhydride VPI system Yes Yes No No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Samicapor® 366.20 200 200 195 213 224 259 < 6 kV • • • • • • 6– 13.15 0.15 0.55-20 ® Weight g/m2 Thickness >13. The advantages of these tapes are that they: » Have high dielectric strength » Resist corona discharge » Can be applied smoothly without creasing » Can be applied by machines or manually » Have short cutting times . mainly for indirectly cooled turbo generators. The Samicapor® HTC tapes can be applied like conventional mica tapes and have the following supplementary advantages to conventional tapes: » Increased thermal conductivity of the main wall insulation by a factor ~ voltage =2 » Increased endurance » Increased thermal and mechanical properties Main Wall Tapes for the RR System For optimum quality of the main wall insulation. careful selection of the micaceous tape and detailed attention to the way the tape is applied and processed are necessary.

20 0.25 0.28-06 Samicatherm® 366.51 Generator main wall tapes for hydrostatic pressing: Weight g/m2 Product name Samicatherm® V 374.8 kV mm Total • • • • • • • • 0. slightly dryer Mica/Glass without interleaving foil.20-02 Samicatherm® P 315.16 0.28-04/366. slightly higher resin content Mica/Glass without interleaving foil Mica/Glass with interleaving foil Mica/PET film with/without interleaving foil Mica/PET film without interleaving foil Mica/Polyimide film.19 0.20/315.8 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Main wall tapes for conventional hot pressing: Rated voltage Product name Samicatherm 366.19 0.28-03 Samicatherm® 366.28-02 ® Weight g/m2 Mica 120 120 120 120 180 240 150 150 60 < 6 kV • • • • • • • • • Thickness 6–13.30 Thickness mm Total 0.26 0.28/366.21 368 173 Mica 150 60 Description Glass/Mica/Polyester fleece tape Glass/Mica/Polyester fleece tape .19 0.17 0.20-10 Samicatherm® PI 315.22 0.33-62 Samicatherm® 366.32 Samicatherm® P 315.09 265 265 265 277 350 458 252 270 117 Description Mica/Glass with/without interleaving foil Mica/Glass with/without interleaving foil.28-05 Samicatherm® 366.29 Samicatherm® V 374. slightly dryer Mica/Glass with embossed interleaving foil. class H Samicatherm® 366.8 kV > 13.

cured Conductive tape. not cured (B-stage) Semi-conductive tape.22 CoronaShield® 217. impregnated PET fleece.085 0.22 0. impregnated PET fleece.63 CoronaShield 217. impregnated PET fleece.17 0. with specific characteristics.10 0. with specific characteristics. not cured (B-stage) Semi-conductive tape. .Insulating Systems for Large Generators 9 Corona Protection Electrical stress control measures are an essential component of any highvoltage machine.55 CoronaShield® 215. Von Roll has developed a number of products under the trade name CoronaShield®. namely: » Conductive tapes » Semi-conductive tapes » Conductive mastics » Conductive varnishes All these tapes can be applied as: » External corona protection – within the slot » End corona protection – outside the slot Thickness Resistivity mm Ohm/m2 0.03 CoronaShield® 217.31 CoronaShield® conductive and semi-conductive tapes. cured Semi-conductive tape.21 ® Description Conductive tape. impregnated PET fabric. not compatible with epoxy anhydride.25 200–400 200–400 200–400 Variable Variable Variable Variable Product name CoronaShield® 215.22 0.02/217. cured Conductive tape. impregnated PET fabric. impregnated PET fabric. with specific characteristics.51 CoronaShield® 215. impregnated PET fabric. with specific characteristics. cured CoronaShield® 217.01/217. not cured (B-stage) Semi-conductive tape.22 0.

Von Roll has developed a range of ropes cords.12 Form Cord Cord Diameter mm From 1.10 Isocord® 151. Substantial advantages arise during the end-winding bracing and support procedure. The main advantages of these products are: » Class C (glass) and F (polyester) applications » Compressibility and resilience » Glass or polyester yarn on the outside » Wide range of dimensions » Nonimpregnated for use with VPI. and sleeves for “surge ring” intercoil lacing and tying applications.10 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Machine Winding and Bracing The simplicity of the winding process for machines with “dry” coils is a recognized benefit of VPI technology.8–50 From 1. no further processing » Impregnated polyester shrink cord for RR uses Product name Isocord® 151. .5–60 Description Braided silane E glass yarn outside with staple glass filler Braided polyester yarn outside with staple glass filler Glass or glass polyester cords.

and low-pressure laminates. High. . strips and sheets. Long parts tailored to customer specifications. machined parts or special components for use in different areas of large generators. Please ask our specialists about additional products. The following are just a selection.Insulating Systems for Large Generators 11 Composite Materials for Large Generators Von Roll offers a variety of composite materials that can be delivered as U & L profiles.

8 kV • U or L profile. strips. • rolls or full-size sheet Machined parts.12 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Rotor Components The following materials represent excellent choices for rotor components and their applications: End-winding packing Slot bottom packers Product name Vetronite® 64170/G11 Vetronite® 69020/64480 Delmat® 68660 Delbond® 54000 Polyfibrite® 63020 Form < 6 kV 6– 13. rolls or strips Machined components Machined parts. machined components. rolls or strips Machined components and strips • • • • • Slot insulation Rated voltage • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Interturn insulation Pole face packing Slot top packers Bottom packers .8 kV • >13.

taping. Important considerations relate to features of the design of the machines and the choice of insulating system.21 Form Machined parts or full-size sheet Machined parts or full-size sheet Machined parts or full-size sheet Machined parts or full-size sheet Strips or full size-sheets Molded parts < 6 kV • • • • • • 6–13. and VPI processes. The factors that influence the final choice of resin used are complex. Important criteria include: » Resin thermal class » Tank stability » Storage conditions (cooled or ambient temperature) » Moisture sensitivity » VOCs (volatile organic compounds) » Impregnating temperature » Necessity of rotating curing » Curing time » Total processing time » Compatibility with mica tapes and remaining materials » Rated voltage » Dielectric properties » Mechanical properties » Thermal conductivity » Continuous and maximum peak operating temperature Slot wedges Rated voltage Top slot wedging End caps .20/432.10 Delmat® 68660 Delmat® 68420 Conductive and nonconductive ripple springs Vetroferrite® 432.8 kV • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • VPI Impregnation Resins Von Roll has developed a variety of high-performance resins that meet expected electrical and mechanical characteristics when cured for hydro and turbo generators.8 kV >13.Insulating Systems for Large Generators 13 Stator Components The following materials represent excellent choices for stator components and their applications: Support brackets • Product name Vetronite® 64170/G11 Conductive Vetronite® 432.

very low organic emission (VOC <2%) Accelerated tapes needed Highly reactive roomtemperature impregnating epoxy-modified resin. brush. Rated voltage Selection table Damicoat® 2404 Color N/RB/G 6– < 6 kV 15 kV • • < 15– 22 kV Thermal class Drying time Comments on products and use 155 (F) 15–20 h Highly chemically resistant overcoat varnish High-temperature-resistant overcoat varnish.180 (H) 3313 imide Permafil® Epoxy 1K 74038 Damisol® Epoxy/ 3407 anhydride 2K Damisol® Epoxy/ 3415 polyester 180 (H) • • 23–60 °C 8 h at 160 °C 10 h at 170 °C 8 h at 150 °C 155 (F) • • • 40–70 °C 155 (F) • • • 23 °C Finishing Coating The Damicoat® range of finishing and overcoat varnishes includes air-drying and oven-curing solutions.14 Insulating Systems for Large Generators Our high-performance resins are described in detail in a separate brochure. and even dipping and dip-rolling processes. The following represent a selection: Rated voltage Product Type Thermal class 6– < 6 kV 15 kV • • 15– 22 kV Impregnation Curing temperature process 23 °C 8 h at 150 °C Description One component room temperature impregnating resin with high thermal properties and excellent bonding power 1K epoxy resin without diluent. storage below 5 °C Epoxy modiDamisol® fied/Polyester. They are all single components for easy processing by spray. used for up to class H highvoltage and traction machines Damicoat® 2407 RB • • 155 (F)/ 180 (H) 1–2 h .

Training For a number of years we have been offering a unique program of high-voltage insulation training within our Von Roll Corporate University. and thermal characteristics. UL and other specifications: » Thermal. electrical. . Von Roll HV laboratories can test their customers’ materials and systems according to IEC.Insulating Systems for Large Generators 15 Testing Materials and systems have to be tested in order to ensure the requested specifications concerning mechanical. and mechanical aging tests » Tan δ-measurements at different temperatures » Partial discharge measurements with different voltage ranges Testing in the Von Roll laboratory. The objectives of this program are: » Better understanding of high-voltage insulation technology for rotating machines and up-to-date knowledge on insulating materials and systems » Practical experience in the application of electrical insulating materials Our training courses are attended by customers and partners from around the globe. electrical.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful