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Q Define: Chemical Treatment A The use of biocidal, conditioning, dispersant, and scale-inhibiting chemicals in cooling towers to control biological growth, scale and corrosion. A constant that takes into account a plant’s species and density as well as an area’s microclimate and is used to calculate the evapotranspiration rate. Water that is not fit for drinking. Native or Adapted plants Plant species, irrigation efficiency, captured rainwater, reused graywater, water conveyed by a municipality for non-potable uses. 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf) Wastewater treatment systems that use biological organisms such as bacteria, plants, and fish to naturally treat the water. A device that measures the amount of water used within a building. Part of the landscape coefficient calculation. It modifies the evapotranspiration rate of a plant or group of plants to account for the density of the plant material. The most common irrigation system used in a particular region. Conventional irrigation typically consists of pressurized systems with above ground spray heads. Toilets, urinals, bathroom sink faucets, showerheads, kitchen sink faucets, prerinse spray valves. A device used for measuring the amount of salt and nutrients in water. The release of some of the recirculating water in a cooling tower to remove dissolved solids that could cause mineral build-up in the system. Reference
Define: Landscape Coefficient Define: Nonpotable Water What types of plants can help reduce irrigation requirements? What strategies can be used to reduce the amount of potable water used for irrigation? What is the current baseline water usage of a commercial or residential toilet? Define: Aquatic Systems Define: Water Meter Define: Density Factor
3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9.
Define: Conventional Irrigation What plumbing fixtures should be included when calculating water use reduction? Define: Conductivity Meter or EC Meter Define: Bleed-off or Blowdown
14. 15. 16.
Define: Conventional Turf Define: Biological Control Define: Dual-flush Toilet
What is the difference between conventional irrigation and drip irrigation?
Define: Wastewater Define: Process Water
Define: Evapotranspiration Define: Legionella Pneumophila
Define: Adapted Plants
Grass that is typical to a specific region. Typical turf generally requires watering, mowing, and fertilization. Inhibiting bacterial growth in cooling towers through chemical or physical water treatment processes. A toilet that has two flush settings with different volumes of water; one volume for solid waste and a second, lower, volume for liquid waste. Conventional irrigation usually consists of above-ground sprayer heads that deliver large volumes of water. Drip irrigation systems deliver a small amount of water underground, directly to a plants roots. Drip irrigation systems use much less water and are much more efficient than conventional irrigation systems. Wastewater from toilets and urinals. Some codes may also consider wastewater from kitchen sinks, showers, and bathtubs to be blackwater. Used water that contains any industrial or human waste products. Water used in building processes or operations such as the water used for cooling towers and boilers or the water used for dish washing and clothes washing. Loss of water from vegetated areas through evaporation and transpiration. Waterborn bacteria that grows in still water, including within domestic water features, and causes Legionnaire’s Disease. Outbreaks of the disease have been especially linked to cooling towers and evaporative condensers. Household wastewater that does not contain organic contaminants such as human waste or food waste. Typically, the wastewater from lavatories and possibly from kitchen sinks, showers, bathtubs, and washing machines, although acceptable sources vary according to local codes. Non-invasive plants that are not native to an area but grow well in the area with little maintenance.
25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
Define: Baseline Irrigation Water Use Define: Metering Controls Define: Composting Toilet Systems Define: Micro-Irrigation What is the current baseline water usage of a showerhead? What is potable water?
The amount of water used by a conventional spray irrigation system in a specific region. A device for limiting the amount of time water will flow from a plumbing fixture such as a faucet or shower head. A dry or almost waterless toilet fixture that uses microbiological (anaerobic bacteria) processes to treat human waste. Irrigation systems that deliver very small volumes of water either below grade or just above grade. 2.5 gallons per minute (gpm) Water that is suitable for human consumption. Typically potable water is supplied by municipal water systems or acquired from private wells. The highest level of water treatment. Non-invasive plant species that has adapted to an area over a certain time period. In the U.S. the term “native plant” typically refers to a species that was growing in this country at the time of European settlement. Also known as indigenous plants. A urinal that uses a trap of buoyant fluid that blocks sewer gas and odors instead of using water or a flushing process. The treatment of wastewater on the building’s site as opposed to sending the waste water through a sanitary sewer to a municipal treatment plant. Septic tanks are one example of an on-site treatment method. Wastewater that has been captured and treated for reuse. An irrigation system that delivers small amounts of water a low pressure directly to the roots of plants. Considered to be a highly-efficient form of micro-irrigation. 1.0 gallons per flush (gpf) Motion sensors that automatically operate
Define: Tertiary Treatment Define: Native Plant
Define: Dry Urinal Define: On-site Wastewater Treatment
Define: Reclaimed Water Define: Drip Irrigation System What is the current baseline water usage of a commercial urinal? Define: Automatic Fixture
Sensors 39. 40. 41. Which type of “basic service” can you count more than once? What is the current baseline water usage of a commercial or residential restroom sink? What is the difference between graywater and blackwater?
plumbing fixtures such as turning on and off lavatories and sinks or flushing toilets and urinals. You can count up to two restaurants. You may only count one of each other type of basic service. 2.2 gallons per minute (gpm) Blackwater is wastewater that contains biological contaminants such as food waste of sanitary waste (toilet waste). Graywater is other forms of used water that do not contain biological contaminants such as water from bathroom sinks or showers. Low-flow toilets or urinals, waterless toilets or urinals, dual-flush toilets, metering faucets, aerators for faucets and showerheads, capturing and using rainwater, reusing graywater. Graywater or Rainwater (check with local building codes) ASLA is a professional organization for Landscape Architects. This organization can help you locate a Landscape Architect to help you with select native plant materials or plants that will require minimum watering and maintenance. Site features that are in line with the ecological integrity of the site. A measurement used in water quality management that shows how quickly biological organisms use up oxygen in a body of water. The study of water. Low-water plant species in combination with various soil amendments that limit the evaporation of moisture. A code that establishes maximum flow rates and water consumption for lavatories, showerheads, sink faucets, urinals and toilets? An engineered system that simulates a
What are some common strategies for achieving the Water Use Reduction LEED prerequisite? What types of water may be used to reduce the amount of potable water a toilet or urinal uses. What is the American Society of Landscape Architects?
Define: Ecologically Appropriate Site Features Define: Biochemical Oxygen Demand Define: Hydrology Define: Xeriscaping What is the International Code Council (ICC), International Plumbing Code 2006, Design of Building Water Distribution System? Define: Constructed Wetland
47. 48. 49.
51. 52. 53.
What is U.S. EPA, WaterSense Program? Define: Makeup Water What is the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992?
natural wetland in order to purify water. This program labels water-efficient products and helps U.S. consumers save water. Water that is used by a cooling tower to replace water that is lost through evaporation or other means. This act sets standards and limits for energy and water use in commercial, institutional, and residential buildings.