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SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage Solution
Rainer Schlachter Business Card Company: SAP AG Posted on Feb. 17, 2011 04:28 AM in Enterprise Data Warehousing/Business Warehouse
SAP BW 730: What’s New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage Solution
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SAP NetWeaver BW customers have to handle increasingly large data volumes. This typically leads to a steady increase in hardware requirements and maintenance costs. Keeping the system running efficiently and at low operation costs is a permanent challenge. Therefore, SAP NetWeaver BW offers a near-line storage (NLS) interface that enables customers to separate frequently accessed data from older, less frequently accessed data. With this solution, the data volume of the frequently accessed online database can be kept relatively low. Less frequently accessed data is archived in time partitions on near-line storage solutions by certified third party partners. Data in near-line storage resides in a highly compressed state in cost-efficient storage with fewer backups to reduce operational costs. To ensure consistency between the online and near-line partition, the archived time partitions are write-protected and read only. Data in NLS can be accessed directly using BW queries without reloading. Both near-line storage and online storage consistently reflect the BI persistency of an InfoProvider. Below you can see which InfoProviders and features are supported in the different releases.
Evolution of the SAP NetWeaver BW Near-Line Storage Solution:
Release 7.0 Archiving of Basic InfoCubes and Standard Datastore Objects NLS Look-Up Support during ETL Processes ( Available as of SAP NetWeaver BW 7.0 Support Package 10, Performance optimized temporal Look-Up available as of SAP NetWeaver BW 7.0 Support Package 21)
Release 7.01 Request based Archiving for Write-Optimized DataStore Objects
Release 7.30 Queries on top of MultiProviders transparently read the NLS Partitions of the consisting InfoProvider. You can enable NLS use on the query selection screen, in BexQuery Designer, on MultiProvider level or on PartProvider level Archiving of uncompressed data from InfoCubes. It is no longer a precondition to compress data before archiving. Archiving of semantically partitioned objects (SPO) based on standard InfoCubes and DataStore objects Archiving of semantically partitioned objects (SPO) based on write-optimized DataStore Objects will be delivered with SP3
Miscellaneous enhancements Automatic rebuild of BWA index during deletion is possible Query selections on navigational attributes are passed to the near-line storage (performance optimization) NLS data access for InfoProviders as sources within APD Data transfer processes (DTP) on InfoCubes extracts data transparently from the online and near-line partitions Separate transformation rule type ‘DataStore Object Lookup’ implemented to read data transparently from online and near-line partitions
Queries on top of MultiProviders
With SAP NetWeaver BW 730, you can now set up queries on MultiProvider level to read the NLS partitions of the PartProviders. Configuration for NLS use is possible on four different levels: In In In In the the the the query selection screen properties of the BEx Query Designer properties of the MultiProvider properties of the PartProvider
The prioritization is top-down, which means that if NLS use is enabled/disabled on query level, the NLS settings from the underlying objects (MultiProvider and PartProvider) are ignored. For example, the NLS partitions of the PartProvider are read when NLS use is enabled on query level, even though NLS use is disabled on MultiProvider level or PartProvider level. The settings for NLS use on the four different levels are described below. In the BEx Query Designer, you can also define an ‘NLS variable’ to let a specific query run either in ‘Read Near-Line Storage’ mode or ‘Do not Read Near-Line Storage’ mode.
Definition of a near-line storage variable for the query selection screen:
.. Page 2 of 8 Properties of BEx Query Designer: Properties of the MultiProvider: http://weblogs.sap.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 .SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So.sdn.
Page 3 of 8 Properties of the PartProvider: NLS use can also be delegated from the query level to the PartProvider level by using the following settings: BEx Query Designer: ‘Use Near-Line Storage According to Provider Settings’ MultiProvider: ‘Near-Line Access Set the Same as for PartProvider’ PartProvider: ‘Near-Line Access Switched On/Off This configuration allows you to switch specific NLS PartProvider partitions on and off. including aggregates and near-line partitions (suffix $N)..sap.sdn. Archiving of non-compressed data for InfoCubes The option to archive non-compressed data was requested by customers for whom data compression was a time consuming operation and did not really lead to significant compression rates (highly granular data). http://weblogs.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 . In the Statistics Data for the Query Runtime (transaction RSRT).. you can see how many PartProviders. effectively contribute to the query result.
it must be: 1. This function is not available for write-optimized DataStore objects in 730 SP01. Archiving of uncompressed data results in partially or completely archived requests.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So. Note that partially or completely archived requests cannot be deleted and subsequently reloaded with delta DTP requests. the two preconditions above must be met before data can be archived. The consequences of deleting these requests are described in Note 1360751. Archiving of Semantic Partitioned Objects (SPO) If you create a data archiving process for a semantically partitioned object (SPO). Before data can be compressed.sdn. 2. To ensure data consistency in different data layers. This is shown in the Requests tab in the column ‘Selectively Deleted Records/Archived Requests’... The flag ’Allow Archiving of Non-Compressed Data’ is a central setting in the data archiving process. http://weblogs.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 . The flag can be changed in the DAP even if data has already been archived. Archiving of semantically partitioned objects based on write-optimized DataStore objects will be possible in release 730 SP3. all archiving requests that are not completely finished (Status ‘70 Deletion Phase Confirmed and Request Completed’) must be finished in the old ‘Compression Mode’ or must be set to invalid before you can archive data in the new ‘Compression Mode’. the data archiving process (DAP) will apply to all PartProviders. Page 4 of 8 Data compression was a precondition for archiving InfoCube data since release 700. This Note is referenced in the popup that appears when you delete a partially or completely archived request.sap. distributed to subsequent data marts rolled up to existing aggregates As of SAP NetWeaver BW 730. If you change this flag (Allow Archiving of Non-Compressed Data) in the DAP definition. You can only create a data archiving process for semantically partitioned standard InfoCubes and standard DataStore objects. it is no longer necessary to compress data before archiving.
As of SAP NetWeaver BW 730.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So. partitioned by sales organization). If you choose a specific partition. You can either delete or repartition these partitions. Page 5 of 8 The partitioning criteria of the SPO are listed under Additional Partitioning Characteristics and cannot be changed. you can select a physical partition from a drop-down menu.. However. archiving requests for semantically partitioned objects cannot be scheduled with transaction SARA.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 .. If you choose Cross-Partition. whole partitions can be archived. you cannot reload the archived data anymore because the relevant partitions do not exist anymore. If you decide to delete or repartition the empty partitions. This functionality is only available with TA RSA1 or using process http://weblogs. you can decide whether you want to archive across all partitions or only archive a specific partition. if the SPO partition criteria are time-independent (for example. archiving time slices does not result in empty partitions.sap.sdn. When you create an archiving process for the SPO. you can restrict the partitions with the partition criteria of the SPO under Further Restrictions. Note that if the SPO partition criteria is time-dependent (as shown in the example above with the characteristic ‘calendar year’). In this case you have to repartition or recreate the old partitions before reloading. which means these partitions are empty. These criteria can be used to semantically preselect specific partitions when scheduling an archiving process.
Only reload requests have to be scheduled with transaction SARA if an ADK archive is involved in the DAP configuration.30. The converted selection is then passed to the near-line storage instead of the navigational attribute selection. the BWA. After data has been copied to the archive.. online and near-line partitions stay consistent during the archiving process. we recommended that you use the process step ‘Initial Activation and Filling of BWA Indexes’ to rebuild the BWA index. This will impact on performance if the filter condition for navigational attributes is highly restrictive. As master data attributes are located outside in the star schema of the InfoCube persistence. If you use process chains for data archiving. the following question appears: Query selections on navigational attributes Navigational attributes are master data attributes that can be used to dynamically filter the result of queries.sdn. NLS data access for InfoProviders as sources within APD As of SAP NetWeaver BW 7.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 . As of SAP NetWeaver BW 7. they are not part of the archived NLS data. query restrictions for navigational attributes are not transferred to NLS. http://weblogs. Page 6 of 8 chains (transaction RSPC).sap.. Automatic rebuild of BWA index during deletion is possible In SAP NetWeaver BW 730. the Analysis Process Designer is enabled to read data transparently from the online partitions and near-line partitions. selections for navigational attributes are converted to a characteristic selection for the attributes with characteristics.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So. The attribute values are assigned subsequently during OLAP (application server) and filtered in the result set. If you have set the ‘Rebuild BWA Index’ flag in the Data Archiving Process Deletion step. Therefore.30. the corresponding BWA index is invalidated and can be rebuilt during the deletion phase of the archiving request. This makes it easy to include historically archived data in your analysis process.
. If the ‘Looked-Up DataStore Object’ contains near-line partitions. Page 7 of 8 DTP on InfoCubes can extract data transparently from online and near-line partitions Separate transformation rule type ’ DataStore Object Lookup’ SAP NetWeaver BW 7. regardless of whether data is contained in the online partition. the near-line partition or both.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 .30 introduces a separate transformation rule type: ‘DataStore Object lookup’. data will be read consistently..sdn.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So. Links Documentation http://weblogs.sap.
and they should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. or legal obligation to deliver any material. and functionality of products and/or platforms.sdn. This document is provided without a warranty of any kind. SAP assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in this document.sap. or functionality.SAP Network Blog: SAP BW 730: What's New in the SAP BW Near-Line Storage So. http://weblogs. promise. which speak only as of their dates.. This document.com/pub/wlg/23520 5/26/2011 . the implied warranties of merchantability. Titles Only Pictures missing 2011-02-17 06:35:47 Jürgen Noe Business Card [Reply] Rainer. Could you please update the links or the images? Thanks. This document is for informational purposes and may not be incorporated into a contract.. Juergen Showing messages 1 through 1 of 1. except if such damages were caused by SAP intentionally or grossly negligent. Rainer Schlachter developer SAP Business Warehouse Comment on this weblog Showing messages 1 through 1 of 1. or to develop or release any functionality mentioned therein. Main Topics Oldest First I can't see the pictures. All forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations. SAP has no obligation to pursue any course of business outlined in this document or any related presentation. either express or implied. Page 8 of 8 RKT Session Partner links: PBS Software GmbH or SAP EcoHubPBS SAND Technology Inc or SAPEcoHubSAND IBMHowtoGuide or SAPEcoHubIBMDB2 Disclaimer This document is not subject to your license agreement or any other service or subscription agreement with SAP. directions. code. The information in this document is not a commitment. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. fitness for a particular purpose. or non-infringement. including but not limited to. or any related presentation about SAP's strategy and possible future developments. are all subject to change and may be changed by SAP at any time for any reason without notice.
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