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Samantha Lynch wins the Canada Council for the Arts Prix de Rome in Architecture for Emerging Practitioners. 31 rePort Tye S.Contents Michael boland MarTin Tessler nic lehoux 16 Canada Line WorldMags courTesy zeidler parTnership 9 neWs Beautifully sculptural warming huts by various architects provide delight in wintry Winnipeg. v. phoTo by ed WhiTe. Palladio at Work exhibition at the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Mon treal. despiTe The harsh realiTies of value engineering.03 The NaTioNal Review of DesigN aND PRacTice/ The JouRNal of RecoRD of The Raic The WaTerfronT sTaTion by via archiTecTure inc. The aMbiTious neW canada line offers The ciTizens of vancouver and richMond a Much needed public TransiT sysTeM WiTh criTical linkages froM The airporT To various nodes ThroughouT The TWo ciTies. 33 BooKs Three exciting new publications evidence the advances being made in environmental. 03 /11 Canadian arChiteCt WorldMags 5 .. 36 CaLendar Neighbourhood Maverick exhibition at Ar chitecture at York Quay Centre in To ron to. Ian Theaker and Doug Webber. one of several nodes along The neW canada line TransiT developMenT linking The MunicipaliTies of vancouver and richMond in briTish coluMbia.56 n. cultural and social sustainability in architecture and landscape architecture. Farrow and Sharon VanderKaay discuss the vital importance of bringing healthy design to the suburbs. CoVer March 2011. 38 BaCKPaGe Brendan Cormier suggests revisiting the original plan for Harbour City to revitalize the fading glory of Ontario Place. teXt sean ruThen 27 teChniCaL A detailed examination of some strategies to achieve zero-energy consumption in buildings is undertaken by Mark Bessoudo. Jenny McMinn.
niagara falls.. 12 Concorde Place. MarCo PoLo. Most experts agree that these new policies will not reduce crime in our communities. OAA. MAA vancouver adeLe weder publishEr toM arkeLL 416-510-6806 AssociAtEpublishEr GreG PaLIouras 416-510-6808 circulAtionMAnAgEr beata oLeChnowICz 416-442-5600 ext.95 plus applicable taxes for one year. toronto.coM E ditor Ian ChodIkoff. “there is no doubt that we are headed on a very expensive journey down a path that experience tells us will neither reduce our crime rate nor make us safer. AADIpl. and improving programs that integrate crime prevention with individuals suffering from mental health disorders will help our society become safer. MRAIC douGLas MaCLeod. why don’t we address the critical social issues affecting those most likely to be sentenced? Strengthening the discretionary judicial system for at-risk youth. we will remain complicit in denying a segment of the population who are prone to criminal behaviour with a chance to become productive and accepted members of society. of Glacier bIG holdings Company Ltd. or can we advocate for an alternative course of action through preferred methods of crime prevention and rehabilitation? A 2010 report issued by the Parliamentary Budget Officer estimates that our government’s desire to build 4.ca mail Privacy officer. OAA regina bernard fLaMan. enhancing access to education and training for Aboriginals. taxpayer dollars are simply being diverted away from community supervision and support programs that prevent crime more effectively and more cheaply than new prison construction. FRAIC contributingEditors GavIn affLeCk. Ian ChodIkoff ichodikoff@cAnAdiAnArchitEct. on M3C 4J2 telephone 416-510-6845 facsimile 416-510-5140 e-mail edItors@CanadIanarChIteCt. This is in contrast to the Environics Institute’s Focus Canada 2010 report released last October which discovered that justice was the second6 cAnAdiAnArchitEct 03/11 last of 21 priorities for the average Canadian. Periodicals Postage Paid at niagara falls. Canadian architects designing prisons will be pleased to learn that the federal corrections budget will increase by 36 percent.” Despite many advocates and experts calling for discretionary sentencing and increased funding for effective crime-prevention programs.CoM AbovE huMan warehousInG In aCtIon: Pre-fabrICated JaIL ModuLes shIPPed by raIL froM the us are readIed for the new MIMICo CorreCtIonaL Centre In toronto. niagara falls.95 us for one year. usPs #009-192. an organization devoted to criminal justice reform. MAA.000 new jail cells will carry an increased operating budget of $5 billion a year by 2015-16. the contents of this publication may not be reproduced either in part or in full without the consent of the copyright owner. Responding to RFPs for bleak and obsolete approaches to prisons will only stymie the advance of the justice system in Canada. on Canada M3C 4J2. business Information Group. suite 800. nCARb rEgionAlcorrEspondEnts halifax ChrIstIne MaCy. includes taxes): $34. an increase from the $4. Postmaster: please forward forms 29b and 67b to 12 Concorde Place. AAA Winnipeg herbert enns. students (prepaid with student Id. OAA. Canadian architect. or its fitness for any particular purpose. down. suIte 800. 3539 production JessICa Jubb grAphicdEsign sue wILLIaMson vicEprEsidEntofcAnAdiAnpublishing aLex PaPanou prEsidEntofbusinEssinforMAtiongroup bruCe CreIGhton hEAdofficE 12 ConCorde PLaCe. Director of Policy for the John Howard Society of Canada. a div. suite 800. Printed in Canada. ny 143045709. the federal government pledged $150 million to add 634 “beds” to existing jails. “Whereas incarceration was born out of an effort by the state to distance itself from the punishment of the day (corporal punishment). the federal government is eager to spend billions of dollars on introducing harsher sentencing programs and expanding our correctional facilities. us office of publication: 2424 niagara falls blvd. OAQ. Po box 1118. usa: $103. The CSC website also indicates a willingness to look at new options. toronto. then why are we spending billions on more jail cells? Furthermore.CoM Web site www. $85. WorldMags . ny 14304.e. Should architects accept Canada’s approach to prisonmaking. please contact us via one of the following methods: telephone 1-800-668-2374 facsimile 416-442-2191 e-mail privacyofficer@businessinformationgroup. on Canada M3C 4J2.CoM Canadian architect is published monthly by bIG Magazines LP. then why isn’t the government commissioning architects to design innovative. although it is questionable whether they are willing to pay for it. FRAIC AssociAtEEditor LesLIe Jen. hoping to nearly double the number of jail cells in Canada over the next five years. all rights reserved. toronto.CanadIanarChIteCt.95. or $861 million by 2012-13. subscription rates Canada: $53.5 billion annually by 2015-16 on Canada’s corrections systems. On the CSC website.. With such a fragile economy. if the CSC is looking at shifting away from “24-hour housing” (i. MRAIC EditoriAlAdvisors John MCMInn. This is in addition to the previously announced $601 million to create 2. the reduced importance of the correctional facility in the future will result from the realization that corrections should be a contributing and integral component of the community. an Angus Reid poll recently discovered that 65 percent of Canadians believe in tougher sentencing. toronto. and if building prisons seems to be a low priority for most Canadians. At present. community-based facilities to rehabilitate certain types of offenders? Such buildings would surely reduce the need for warehousing humans. Fiftyeight percent of Canadians prefer a government that places an emphasis on crime prevention while 36 percent want greater enforcement. and the operating costs per individual in these types of facilities would be much lower than typical correctional facilities. jail cells).” If architects continue to design outmoded correctional facilities. us postmaster: send address changes to Canadian architect.” If the CSC recognizes that traditional prisons aren’t working. If you do not wish your contact information to be made available. the editors have made every reasonable effort to provide accurate and authoritative information. It seems that even Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) doesn’t believe that more prisons are beneficial to society. all other foreign: $123. MRAIC herbert enns. suite 800.95 us per year.500 new beds. but they assume no liability for the accuracy or completeness of the text. does it really make sense to spend $9.viEwpoint LuCas oLenIuk/GetstoCk. return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation dept. SAA montreal davId theodore calgary davId a. Price per single copy: $6.95 plus applicable taxes for two years (hst – #809751274rt0001).4 billion spent in 2009-10? Alternatively. but our Prime Minister’s goal of incarcerating more citizens is certainly benefiting several architectural firms who design correctional facilities—a building type that has suddenly emerged as a growth industry.97 for one year. several studies and reports appear to contradict the policies of our federal government such as one report which acknowledges “the shortcomings of incarceration and an appreciation of the benefits of community involvement to the eventual return of the offender to society. a leading Canadian information company with interests in daily and community newspapers and business-tobusiness information services. In early January. ny. on Canada M3C 4J2 member of the canadian business press member of the audit bureau of circulations publications mail agreement #40069240 issn 1923-3353 (online) issn 0008-2872 (print) We acknoWledge the financial support of the government of canada through the canada periodical fund (cpf) for our publishing activities. from time to time we make our subscription list available to select companies and organizations whose product or service may interest you. 3543 custoMErsErvicE MaLkIt Chana 416-442-5600 ext. According to Ed McIsaac. 12 Concorde Place. noting that. WorldMags With 15 crime-related bills either before the Senate or recently passed..
1998 EPA launches voluntary programs for energy. Your desire for sustainable design has helped redefine the meaning of green. You and your challenges. WorldMags 1988 1. indoor air quality. Since we began making nora® rubber flooring over 50 years ago. water.000 communities in America initiate curbside recycling. What was once a quiet evolution has become a revolutionary force. it is why we continually explore ways to blend the best of technology with greener thinking.000. WHO SHapeS tHe future Of green deSign? You do. 1978 Earth Day brings awareness to Earth’s need for continual care.nora. 2008 U. it starts with you. You and nora. 800-332-nOra www. we’ve evolved with you. waste and smart growth.S. You and your world.com/us/green34 follow us: @noraflooring WorldMags . Your concern for the environment continues to create new standards for designing in harmony with nature.1968 Social environmental movements take hold. Green Building Council member organizations grow to 15.
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Under the Covers is a conceptual design that derives from the idea of splitting and peeling pre-existing fabric. led by Professor Lancelot Coar.news PrOJects Popular warming huts offer beauty. and Woodpile. The winning designs. The three winners selected from the competition are: Under the Covers by Philadephia architect Robert B.” says Winnipeg architect Peter Hargraves. by Tel Aviv architects Noa Biran and Roy Talmon. Ha(y)ven by a New York team of architects led by Tri Nguyen. creating a landmark on the Assiniboine River. The huts were completed at the Forks and along the popular skating and walking trail on the frozen Assiniboine and Red Rivers in early February.pAtkAu Architects’JellyfishWAsAninvitedsubmissiontotheWinnipegWArminghutsproject. Trempe Jr.. co-creator of the competition. while Ha(y)ven is a 60-foot tower made of hay bales. were all “compelling. Spain and Portugal. and feature three competition winners from a pool of 130 submissions from countries as far away as Serbia.” The idea of the warming huts was borne from a desire to encourage outdoor activity and enjoyment in Winnipeg’s extreme winter climate. a student submission from the University of Mani- aBOVe WhilenotselectedfromtheArtAndArchitecturecompetitiononice. toba. and Cocoon. wonder and protection in wintry winnipeg. The Woodpile hut involves a metal WorldMags 03/11canadian architect 9 bArbArAedie . WorldMags Following a similar project last winter on Winnipeg’s river trail. AndiscomprisedofsixbeAutifullysculpturAlAndflexibleplyWoodshellsgrouped together“inAschool”toofferprotectionfromtheelements. while difficult for the jury to choose. The two other designs solicited from outside the competition are Jellyfish by Patkau Architects of Vancouver. five new huts were unveiled as part of the 2011 “Art and Architecture Competition on Ice.
Germany. www. The $34.ca/news/releases/2011/ rc129415658724456321. Lynch will use the award to design and build cameras to study the relationship between human activity. but nevertheless full-cycle ecosystem described as “urban permaculture. These five new huts will be joined by four huts from last year’s event that were reconstructed for 2011. Focused on the influence of temporal engagement as an active architectural presence. creating a stiffened carapace. Lynch received the Power Corporation of Canada Award and was given the opportunity to carry out a research project and residency at the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) in Montreal.warminghuts. In 2010. and the 11-storey. and select a number of them for documentation. Raised in the Muskoka region of Ontario. The six flexible conical Jellyfish huts made of plywood are grouped together in a “school” to offer protection from the elements. She presently lives in Winnipeg and works at DIN Projects. she obtained a Master of Architecture from the University of Manitoba. She is also a recipient of the Mel P. Lynch will intern with Fat Koehl Architekten in Berlin. Organic waste generated by the kitchens serves as compost for the garden. The prizewinner is given the opportunity to visit significant architectural sites abroad. www. transform and be understood over time. and the temporal connection between these two elements.com/v2011. Samantha Lynch studied fine art at the University of Ottawa before leaving Ontario to travel and work across the country. selected from hundreds of projects around the globe. It won the Ontario Association of Architects Design Excellence Award (2010) and the Canadian Architect Award of Excellence (2007). and Teeple Architects’ 60 Richmond Street East Housing Co-operative took the top prize in the Housing category. onto which river water is sprayed and frozen. Gusts of wind causing the structure to shiver evoke the sensation of being in the water. With this study.000 Prix de Rome is awarded to a recent graduate of one of Canada’s 11 accredited schools of architecture who demonstrates outstanding potential. She will visit recently built projects in Western Europe. 60 Richmond was con ceived as a solid mass that was carved into to create openings and terraces at various levels. In 2009. 60 Richmond Street East was completed in March of 2010. Lynch’s thesis work was driven by a fascination with the way in which architecture can unfold. The result is a small-scale. While in Europe. Michener Fellowship and the American Institute of Architects Henry Adams Medal. fruits and herbs grown on the sixth-floor terrace. Following her time at the CCA. Lynch was named a member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Honour Roll. 85-unit mixed-use building is among the first new housing co-ops to be built in Toronto in recent years. and to intern at an architecture firm of international stature.frame that contains stacked firewood to be used for the campfire inside.indd 1 3/9/11 11:39:12 AM .htm teeple architects’ 60 richmond street east housing co-operative wins archdaily Building of the Year award. WorldMags University of Manitoba graduate Samantha Lynch is the winner of the Canada Council for the Arts Prix de Rome in Architecture for Emerging Practitioners. the architectural dimension. the deconstructed volume creates interlocking WorldMags 10canadian architect03/11 Canadian Architect Half Page Ad (text as outlines). In 2009. she spent two months researching in Italy and France with the support of the Bill Allen Travel Scholarship. The kitchen garden is irrigated by stormwater from the roofs.canadacouncil.” The resident-owned and -operated restaurant and training kitchen on the ground floor is supplied with vegetables.html awards samantha Lynch wins the canada council for the arts Prix de rome in architecture for emerging Practitioners. The client program—a housing co-op for hospitality workers that is economical to build and maintain—was a key inspiration for the design which incorporates social spaces dedicated to food and its production. The winners of the ArchDaily Building of the Year Awards have been announced. Lynch hopes to contribute to the conversation on the impact of architecture on the human condition. and a flexible membrane defines Cocoon.
Juhani Pallasmaa. the Leighton Artist Colony at the Banff Centre. Peter Stutchbury. Other projects that Cardinal has worked on in his career include the Edmonton Space Science Centre which has since been renovated and rebranded as the Telus World of Science. a reduced carbon footprint is further achieved with a low-maintenance green roof and rainwater collection for the terrace gardens. Registration for the full conference is $2. 2011.and contrasting spaces stepping out and back from the street. Mary’s Church in Red Deer. who is an officer of the Order of Canada. Equally important to the history of architecture is the role he played in the development and application of digital technologies for the practice of architecture. organic approach to architecture and was designated a world master of contemporary architecture by the International Academy of Architecture. Vincent James. members of this virtual school will congregate on the Ghost site as speakers for a conference on the theme of “Ideas in Things. From June 14-17. Tom Kundig.abetlaminati. Richard Kroeker. where the collection is now housed. Ghost 13 international architecture conference: ideas in things. is famous for his commitment to excellence and unique creative vision.com .” Speakers include: Kenneth Frampton. Oujé-Bougomou. Dan Rockhill. “This collection will not only be valuable to the Azrieli School of Architecture and Urbanism but also Aboriginal studies. files. and has been the research laboratory for MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects since 1994. 3D models and other information to Carleton University. a professor of architecture: “His undulating forms and voluptuous spaces are immediately recognizable. Alberta. The Ghost Lab is held every summer on architect Brian MacKay-Lyons’s farm located on the coast of Nova Scotia. its commitment to the arts and humanities.” says Patti Harper.” The collection includes valuable assets such as plans for the Canadian Museum of Civilization. commerce. the Museum of the American Indian (Washington. It has been a meeting place for an international school of architects who share a commitment to landscape. Andrew Freear. Cardinal was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. the First Nations University (Saskatchewan) and Oneida Casino Children’s and Elders’ Center (Verona. “I chose Carleton because of its outstanding school of architecture.500 and sessions are eligible for continuing education credits. These architects will embrace both the academy and practice through a commitment to place while resisting the numbing effects of a globalized culture. Alberta.228. and Oujé-Bougoumou Village. and particularly the exemplary professional and dedicated staff serving the Archives Department. New York). WorldMags Internationally renowned Canadian architect Douglas Cardinal has bestowed his entire collection from 1984 onwards of drawings. plans. Rick Joy. a department head of the archives and research collections at MacOdrum Library. St. Ted Flato. Unlimited selection what’s new douglas cardinal awards collection to carleton University. political science and heritage conservation at Carleton. www.mlsarchitects. A book and a film will document the conference. In 1999. Francis Kéré. “I am assured the collection will be properly preserved and my body of work will be able to be utilized by future generations of architects. Wendell Burnette. which won the UN award as UNESCO’s Best Sustainable Community in 1998 and was featured as the “Village of the Future” in Expo 2000 in Hanover.” Cardinal. Participation is limited to 200 registrants. He is renowned for developing a classic. the highest architectural honour presented to an individual in Canada. Deborah Berke.” says Cardinal. Germany. Says Stephen Fai. DC). Marlon Blackwell.2238 www. making and community. the Grande Prairie Regional College. Quebec. public history. the Provincial Building in Ponoka. Having received LEED Gold certification.ca/ghost/apply/ WorldMags 800. Brigitte Shim and Patricia Patkau.
WorldMags WorldMags .
as is evidenced through these awards. This is a savings of $157. Recognition such as that which comes with these medals.raic. presented the 2010 Governor General’s Medals in Architecture to recipients during a ceremony at Rideau Hall. or by mail or fax. PP/FRAIC Regional Directors Wayne De Angelis. helps to strengthen Canadians’ appreciation of architecture and helps its value to society grow. Members can log in to the members section at https://members. Stuart Howard. We believe that awards are very important and that is the reason they remain part of Architecture Canada | RAIC’s core programs. FRAIC Council of Canadian University Schools of Architecture (CCUSA) Kendra Schank Smith. For more information. Architecture Canada | RAIC President thanked the Governor General for taking the time to recognize excellence in Architecture in Canada during the presentation ceremony at Rideau Hall.: 613-241-3600 Fax: 613-241-5750 E-mail: info@raic. FRAIC (Atlantic) Chancellor of College of Fellows Alexander Rankin. FIRAC (Quebec) Paul E. MRAIC 2nd Vice-President and Treasurer Paul E.issue 33. 2011 Board Members President Stuart Howard.org On Jan. MRAIC Director Representing Intern Architects W. Such recognition is evidence of the profession of architecture’s place in Canada and a physical statement that Architecture Matters.org. Frank. Not only do awards inspire architects to excellence.. Rideau Hall. FRAIC (Alberta/NWT) WorldMags MCpl Dany Veillette. Frank.org Masthead photo: Language TechnoLogies ReseaRch cenTRe aT univeRsiTy of Quebec in ouTaouais | Menkès shooneR Dagenais LeTouRneux aRchiTecTs / foRTin coRRiveau saLvaiL aRchiTecTuRe + Design | PhoTo: MicheL bRuneLLe WorldMags . We hope awards and events such as today’s ceremony help illustrate to those beyond our profession the importance that architecture makes to our day-to-day lives and to our Canadian culture. FRAIC (Ontario Southwest) Allan Teramura. they also serve as a means of communicating and educating architects about their colleagues’ work and the publication and dissemination of that information helps others outside the profession understand what we do. please contact the membership coordinator Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic.. 2011 his Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston.org. MRAIC (British Columbia/Yukon) Wayne Guy. Steve Boulton.. Membership Renewal Season Has Begun Be sure to renew to keep enjoying the many benefits of Architecture Canada | RAIC membership.org to make payments via credit card. The following is an excerpt. FRAIC Executive Director Jim McKee Editor Sylvie Powell Architecture Canada | RAIC 330-55 Murray St.raic.1 winTeR 2010/2011 Recognizing Excellence: Proof that Architecture Matters . FRAIC. www.50 off the regular member rate of $347.. org. Any questions about renewals can be directed to membership coordinator. New Incentive for Newly Licensed Architects Architects licensed in the past year are eligible for one discounted year of full membership at $190. 31. Dhar. Ottawa ON K1N 5M3 Tel. The recipients were announced in April 2010. or to claim a discounted year of membership. MRAIC Editorial Liaison Ralph Wiesbrock. MRAIC (Saskatchewan/Manitoba) Leslie Klein. FRAIC 1st Vice-President and President-Elect David Craddock. because. Detailed descriptions and images can be found at www. Governor General of Canada. Every city in Canada has a particular building that represents its character and every one of those buildings was championed by an architect. What is unfortunate is that not many Canadians can link those names to that building. More exposure of awards such as these will help us in our mission to improve the built environment in Canada..raic. © 2011 Office of the Secretary to the Governor General of Canada Charles Olfert. FRAIC Immediate Past President Ranjit (Randy) K. it creates the beautiful living environments that lift the spirit and are a source of joy. Angie Sauvé – asauve@ raic.50. MRAIC (Ontario North and East/Nunavut) Jean-Pierre Pelletier.
Stuart Howard. sources de joie et d’inspiration.N. bureau 330 Ottawa (Ontario) K1N 5M3 Tél.. PP/FRAIC Administrateurs régionaux Wayne De Angelis. veuillez communiquer avec la coordonnatrice aux adhésions.) WorldMags Charles Olfert. FRAIC (Sud et Ouest de l’Ontario) Allan Teramura. son Excellence le très honorable David Johnston.-O. elle crée des cadres de vie agréables. Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic. : 613-241-5750 Courriel : info@raic. comme celle dont témoignent ces médailles. Rabais sur les droits d’adhésion des nouveaux architectes Les architectes admis auprès d’un ordre provincial ou territorial dans le courant de la dernière année sont admissibles à un rabais de 157. Nous espérons qu’une cérémonie comme celle-ci et que les prix qui y sont décernés sauront convaincre la population de l’importance de l’architecture dans nos vies quotidiennes et dans la culture de notre pays. FRAIC Conseil canadien des écoles universitaires d’architecture (CCÉUA) Kendra Schank Smith. Chaque ville du Canada s’enorgueillit d’un bâtiment emblématique et chacun de ces bâtiments est l’œuvre d’un architecte. peu de Canadiens connaissent le nom de ces architectes. MRAIC (Saskatchewan/Manitoba) Leslie Klein. FRAIC (Atlantique) Chancelier du Collège des fellows Alexander Rankin. président d’Architecture Canada | IRAC a remercié le gouverneur général de cet hommage à l’excellence en architecture. FIRAC (Québec) Paul E. Dhar.50 $ à Architecture Canada | IRAC. 1 hiveR 2010/2011 Hommage à l’excellence. Frank. FRAIC Président sortant de charge Ranjit (Randy) K.raic. Steve Boulton. Vous n’avez qu’à ouvrir une session à https://members.org. La saison du renouvellement bat son plein ! N’oubliez pas de renouveler votre adhésion à Architecture Canada | IRAC pour continuer à profiter de ses nombreux avantages. Pour toute question concernant le renouvellement. MRAIC Conseiller à la rédaction Ralph Wiesbrock.org CplC Dany Veillette.org. Cette reconnaissance révèle la place de l’architecture au Canada et prouve que l’architecture a son im- portance . Conseil d’administration de 2011 Président Stuart Howard. comme le démontrent les bâtiments primés. Les noms des lauréats avaient été dévoilés en avril 2010. Voici un extrait de son allocution. Leur cotisation s’établit ainsi à 190 $.. MRAIC (Colombie-Britannique/Yukon) Wayne Guy. la preuve que l’architecture a son importance . Pour en savoir davantage ou pour demander votre adhésion à tarif réduit.raic.. car. © 2011 Bureau du secrétaire du gouverneur général du Canada Le 31 janvier dernier. La reconnaissance. Les programmes de prix sont un volet fondamental des activités d’Architecture Canada | IRAC.50 $ sur les droits d’adhésion annuels de 347. Malheureusement.org photo en CartouChe de titre : cenTRe De RecheRche en TechnoLogies LangagièRes De L’univeRsiTé Du Québec en ouTaouais | Menkès shooneR Dagenais LeTouRneux aRchiTecTes / foRTin coRRiveau saLvaiL aRchiTecTuRe + Design | PhoTo : MicheL bRuneLLe WorldMags .raic. MRAIC (Est et Nord de l’Ontario/Nunavut) Jean-Pierre Pelletier. la publication et la diffusion des projets primés permettent au grand public de comprendre ce que nous faisons. FRAIC Directeur général Jim McKee Rédactrice en chef Sylvie Powell Architecture Canada | IRAC 55. gouverneur général du Canada. a remis les Médailles du Gouverneur général en architecture aux lauréats de 2010 lors d’une cérémonie tenue à Rideau Hall.org. car nous croyons fermement qu’ils incitent les architectes à l’excellence tout en leur faisant mieux connaître les réalisations de leurs collègues.nu M éR o 3 3 . Angie Sauvé – asauve@raic. permet à la population canadienne de mieux apprécier l’architecture et de mieux saisir la valeur qu’elle apporte à la société. FRAIC (Alberta/T. MRAIC Deuxième vice-président et trésorier Paul E. www. Les descriptions et les images des projets récompensés sont affichées sur le site suivant : www. rue Murray. La couverture médiatique de prix aussi prestigieux que les médailles décernées aujourd’hui nous aide à réaliser notre mission d’améliorer l’environnement bâti au Canada. : 613-241-3600 Téléc. FRAIC Premier vice-président et président élu David Craddock. FRAIC. Frank.org pour effectuer votre paiement par carte de crédit ou encore par la poste ou par télécopieur.. Rideau Hall. veuillez communiquer avec la coordonnatrice aux adhésions. En outre. MRAIC Conseiller représentant les stagiaires W.
minimal waste in the precast plant and on the jobsite and the use of fly ash. Precast’s energy efficiency.com SUSTAINABLE CANADIAN PRECAST/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE INSTITUTE www.2724 Visit: www.937. recyclability. slag and other waste materials aid its environmental friendliness.ca WorldMags Precast Concrete. Sustainable Structures for Tomorrow! WorldMags SUSTAINABLE BENEFITS Precast concrete offers a number of benefits that make it environmentally friendly. Sustainable Structures for Tomorrow! .cpci. Precast offers thermal mass.ca Contact CPCI at: info@cpci. Architects: For more information and your free Sustainable Precast Concrete CD: Call CPCI at: 1 877.precastsearch. durability..ca Contact your local CPCI member at: www.. reusability..cpci. a valuable element of building designs which help along with precast’s core benefits to aid in meeting LEED requirements.. Desmarais Building at the U of Ottawa.Precast Concrete.
with glass clerestories to maximize natural daylight. echoing the old structures lining the river when the Eburne sawmill was in full production—tall. Now seems as good a time as any to assess its efficacy from a transit WorldMags 16 canadian architect 03/11 . It’s clear that these new urban typologies are a sign of the times. it imitates the movement of logs on conveyor belts and log plumes. BriTish CoLumBia architects Via arChiTeCTure. utilitarian sheds where the lumber was cut. diaLoG. This is just one of many ideas they used to develop each station’s unique theme. It will soon be the site of a new and already controversial TOD (Transit-Oriented Development) in the area. It updates the Bill Curtis Plaza which serves as the entry to this new Vancouver neighbourhood. the new station with a swooping wood soffit standing kitty corner from the Canada Line’s first official TOD by Busby Perkins + Will (complete with a green wall and LEED Gold rating). And then there’s Broadway-City Hall. PBk arChiTeCTs teXt sean ruThen Glowing in Vancouver’s western winter light. One of five stations VIA Architecture designed for the Canada Line. replacing the brick and heavy timber pavilion that used to be there. WaLTer FranCL arChiTeCTure. imitates the language of the loading docks that are Yaletown’s hallmark. idiosyncratically sited between the trains emerging from underground then propelled over the Fraser River. BusBy Perkins+ WiLL. located as it is at the periphery of Vancouver’s outer suburbs.Making tracks the recently coMpleted 16-station canada line that links downtown VancouVer to the city’s airport is a welcoMe addition to the public transit systeM in the region. The architect’s intent at the Marine Drive station is a poetic metaphor of the logging industry. Eighteen months have now passed since the inaugural run of the new Canada Line. the new Canada Line station at Marine Drive stands as a beacon for urban renewal. and frames a new vista to the iconic 1152 Mainland warehouse. WorldMags proJect The Canada Line. VanCouVer and riChmond. sTanTeC arChiTeCTure. much like the iconic Dal Grauer substation on Burrard Street in downtown Vancouver was in the 1950s. VIA Architecture’s Yaletown station. kasian. which connects the cities of Vancouver and Richmond with the Vancouver International Airport. one of the first along the new Canada Line. and the grain elevators were in the 1920s for Swiss architect Le Corbusier. and has already reached the capacity ridership anticipated for five years hence. on a gritty industrial edge across from a busy arterial. the area’s signature showpiece with its storey-high serif numbering.
With such a unifying effect. but stops at their respective City Halls. a ’70s concrete frame highrise which is the shorter sibling of the Granville Square tower downtown. moreover. While his Sea Island station is primarily intended for those working at the Air Canada terminal and offices. with community leaders asking for a new Official Community Plan (OCP) for the area. which resulted in the tearing up of a prominent Vancouver neighbourhood’s public thoroughfare and other accom- panying negative consequences. the attraction here is to add density at the Marine Drive node. However. downtown Vancouver is now only a 15-minute train ride from the airport. the Templeton station 03/11 canadian architect WorldMags 17 . The Canada Line not only connects the two cities of Vancouver and Richmond.000 square feet1 next to the Canada Line station is ambitious to say the least.WorldMags miChaeL eLkan aboVe The inTerseCTinG CurViLinear rooF PLanes oF The TemPLeTon sTaTion in riChmond. there are numerous opportunities to create new communities along the nodes. Consequently. as explained by architect Walter Francl. the City of Vancouver is presently hearing a rezoning application for the post-industrial parcel adjacent to the Marine Line station. Future density was also a factor in the planning of the airport stations. That being said. during which time an unprecedented 40% of the population left their cars at home to use public transit. PCI Development and Busby Perkins + Will’s proposal for almost 900. As the architect’s rendering of the site on the developer’s marketing billboard has changed three times now. the outcome of which remains to be seen. The view of the north arm of the Fraser River is mediocre—the only building currently this height in Marpole is Airport Square. one oF The more exPressiVe sTruCTures aLonG The neW and WeLL-used Canada Line. It comprises two new towers—262 and 377 feet respectively—on a richly layered podium containing the requisite drug store and/or grocery store. much has been said about the negative side effects of its construction. rider’s perspective and to evaluate its overall success as a new urban intervention in the city’s streetscapes. it may be a while before these new towers pop up on the city’s most southern slopes above the Fraser River. Many have spoken about its overwhelming success since it was introduced shortly before the Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games.
WorldMags BoB maTheson BoB maTheson is a signpost of further development to the south. Walter Francl Architect and others are as architecturally evocative as the celebrated stations of the Millennium Line. which is also a means to access a nearby bus loop. seven local firms contributed to the design of the 16 stations: in addition to Busby and Francl. The history of the Canada Line is perhaps as long as its 19. The GLass. no one wants them running through their backyards. In the 10 years since the Millennium Line. which would have had the same effect there that it does on Cambie Village. In contrast. saFeTy and ease oF mainTenanCe. Omicron (Storage and Maintenance Build- WorldMags 18 canadian architect 03/11 BoB maTheson . the offices of Busby Perkins + Will. which. DIALOG (King Edward. He remembers the original plans to run the line up Ontario Street. It is certainly for this same reason that Kerrisdale residents vehemently opposed it going through their neighbourhood. Wood and sTeeL CanoPy aT The oakridGe–41sT sTaTion uTiLizes a simiLar exPression To many oTher sTaTions on The neW LrT sysTem. though in a somewhat muted fashion. despite there being an existing rail corridor there that could have been utilized. Francl describes this particular station as the more kinetic one of the two he completed. Stantec (Broadway and Olympic Village). the Canada Line continues the legacy of stations as public art. In total.2 kilometres of rail. the curving canopy running parallel to the Canada Line is influenced by the decelerating and accelerating action of the trains. with a glazed bridge crossing the busy roadway below. but it may not remain so for very long. It seems that everyone loves the idea of commuter trains. And with the possibility of a new hotel with midrise office buildings set to create a new community adjacent. this new station is an example of architecture in the landscape. whose Canada Line Adventures is an indispensable companion to the new rail system. Oakridge and Langara). the Sea Island station runs perpendicular to the tracks. This fact and many like it are courtesy of Vancouver writer Noam Dolgin. combine to make the longest automated train system in the world (a similar system in Dubai will shortly surpass the one in Vancouver). the five stations in Richmond by clockwise FroM aboVe leFt usinG a sTandardized maTeriaL PaLeTTe. Without a doubt. demarcated by a gateway on its south elevation. The exPosed ConCreTe aT The same sTaTion mainTains a heiGhT and massinG CommensuraTe WiTh The sTaTion’s suBurBan ConTexT. but like a new kind of TOD-inspired NIMBYism. when added to the existing SkyTrain lines in Metro Vancouver and its environs. The enTranCe To The LanGara-49Th sTaTion ConVeys an arChiTeCTure ThaT sPeaks oF eFFiCienCy.
carbon taxes and high gas prices. as the Line sought green strategies to make its mechanical systems more passive. an act of vandalism saw the disappearance of a large public sculpture from the King Edward station. using a ventilation system relying less on forced air and HVAC. It is quite astonishing that one can now arrive at the airport and within 15 minutes be walking through Gastown. and all three tiers of government—federal ($450 million). which means more foot traffic than before to those businesses.right desiGned By diaLoG. Yaletown. and 44% of those same people are still continuing to use the trains. requiring a combination of financiers in both the public and private realms. In the 18 months of its operation. SNC Lavalin will also operate and maintain the Canada Line for 35 years as InTransit—along with Translink ($354 million). Additionally. The project’s undertaking was vast. and VIA Architecture (Bridgeport. The kinG edWard sTaTion has raPidLy BeCome a Busy inTermodaL surFaCe huB. Even more recently. ironically in the same area that launched a lawsuit against the Line due to the adverse effects of its construction on their businesses.92 billion needed to build the Canada Line came partly from SNC Lavalin ($200 million)—VIA had worked with them previously on a train line in Malaysia. With VIA Architecture given the responsibility of master-planning the line and working with the municipalities to locate the stations. and municipal ($29 million). a record-breaking snowfall closed down the Fraser River crossing between the Bridgeport and Marine Drive stations. the Vancouver Airport Authority ($300 million). If you give people a viable alternative to get to work. Kasian (Vancouver International Airport). provincial ($435 million). the $1. WorldMags ing). There is also the option to stop at a casino and Vancouver’s only two shopping malls along the way. City Centre and Waterfront stations) contributed their efforts. this environmental consciousness extended to LEED. particularly when they are already exhausted by traffic jams. They also saved 400 trees along Cambie Street in the course of excavating king edward section 0 5M langara section 0 5M oakridge station section 0 5M WorldMags 03/11 canadian architect 19 BoB maTheson . and the coordination between urban planners. Marine Drive. The question is at what cost is this acceptable? Such an urban experiment would not have been possible without closing the streets during the Games. the age-old love affair with the automobile may perhaps begin to disintegrate. Yet recently released statistics reveal that SkyTrain and Canada Line ridership rose during the Winter Olympic Games. bringing us closer to a new paradigm where Jan Gehl’s “Copenhagenization” combines effortlessly with an efficient public transit system. architects and municipalities. the Line has not been without its share of controversy: this past December.
from the materials used. as the drill moved under the city and its population. BC Hydro gave the project Power Smart approval for its power consumption. and the “cover”—the most sumptuous example of this being Hector Guimard’s Art Nouveau métro entrance in Paris. the pavilion. By using energyefficient lighting in all its stations. Cambie Boulevard. Grouped into six families—Downtown. but neither were they meant to be decorated sheds like the cookie-cutter Expo Line stations. The use of one-floor elevators and single escalators at each station is also value engineering writ large. The current experi- ence of riding the train under Cambie Street provides an opportunity to witness the tunnel’s form as a consequence of budgetary constraints. 3 Road. the platforms themselves are quite small—40 metres long compared to the more generous 80-metre platforms used in the Millennium Line. With three to four small tube steel chairs interspersed about each platform.WorldMags ed WhiTe yaletown long section 0 10M yaletown cross-section 0 10M the cut-and-cover trench. No. All speak of the frequently unfortunate outcome of combining good intentions with the ubiquitous process of value engineering. The boring technology used for the Canada Line project was itself nothing short of miraculous. along with the Spartan wall and floor finishes. where the station’s pres- WorldMags 20 canadian architect 03/11 . As the Line’s builder—Montrealbased SNC Lavalin—pointed out. to their lifecycle costing. These “covers” are also typical of the subways in New York and Toronto. transit stations are a challenging building type to fulfill a LEED checklist. principal of VIA Architecture—the planners and architects of the Millennium and Canada Lines—says the stations on the Canada Line were never intended to be as prominent as those in the Millennium Line. removing the excavated dirt and positioning the curving concrete panels—all visible to passengers on the train. and Airport—the stations can be classified as one of three station typologies: architecture in the landscape. Cambie North. Fraser River. So what then are we to make of the stations themselves? Graham McGarva. as the square cut-and-cover changes to the round bore tunnels. But all seven architecture firms demonstrated innovative green strategies for each station.
or are intentionally kept sparse since they may be torn up in the future to either expand or maintain the station. The process requires the delicate juggling of urban planning. the depth of the platform below grade is equal to the length of two sets of stairs with a landing. They are also responsible for such notable Vancouver architecture as the Roundhouse Community Centre and the glass pavilion for the historic Engine 374 steam locomotive. The typical stations on the Canada Line are careful exercises in restraint. 21 WorldMags 03/11 canadian architect BoB maTheson BoB maTheson ed WhiTe . and that this is simply a budgetary restriction. McGarva also stated that a “one escalator up” policy has been typical of all the SkyTrain stations. I was equally impressed when he told me about their positive experience on the Millennium Line. simiLar To The oTher sTaTions. VIA Architecture’s office was involved in the planning and realization of 1986 Expo Line. who is presently running their Seattle office. McGarva admits that the Canada Line was a “tight ship” in regards to its budget. The sTaTions’ inTeriors FoLLoW a simPLiFied maTeriaL exPression inTended To maximize LiGhT and saFeTy. with each corresponding to the station’s unique theme. as well as the design for the new Evergreen Line. There is then perhaps no one that understands the complexity of realizing a project of this nature more than McGarva.opposite The enTranCe To The yaLeToWn sTaTion is suCCessFuL in aChieVinG an undersTaTed PresenCe in This Busy area oF The CiTy. and partner Alan Hart. community input. the Evergreen Line is set to be the fourth line to traverse the Lower Mainland. As an example. Adding another escalator would require purchasing considerably more real estate at grade. The unfortunate reality is that many of these designs are now either covered by advertising. a legacy that the firm has continued with their three Canada Line stations along No. and the ability to share the stations with the larger architectural community in Metro Vancouver—the laudable results of which include the iconic Brentwood Station. financial partnering. all of which corresponds to the escalators that have been used in all the stations (except for two stations which required longer escalators due to their increased depth underground). the material palette was more or less set. WorldMags ence on the street is no more than a set of stairs descending into the underground station proper. Looking to the future. and while much of the design was edited. the essence of the Line still remains—its utilitas. Founded in 1984. leaving them to focus on the layouts. and architecture.3 Road in Richmond. variations of themes comprised of previously set parameters. and as such McGarva believes it is most likely to be similar to the Canada Line in its architectural expression: “It won’t be as adven- BoB maTheson clockwise FroM top The VanCouVer CiTy CenTre sTaTion aT The GranViLLe and WesT GeorGia inTerseCTion. The GenTLy sWooPinG CurVe oF The BroadWay sTaTion’s rooF reinForCes The Grade ChanGe aT sTreeT LeVeL. As for the interiors of the underground stations. The maTeriaL exPression oF The BroadWay sTaTion is VirTuaLLy VandaL-ProoF. the 2000 Millennium Line.
and so you have to buy 17 more properties. partly through necessity. I often rode home at midnight when it The Busy doWnToWn WaTerFronT sTaTion emerGes aT sTreeT LeVeL WiTh a simPLe GLass enCLosure. top to bottoM WorldMags 22 canadian architect 03/11 . That it is loved is undeniable. or lining up to view the Olympic medals during the Games. Consequently. PuBLiC arT GraCes The PLaza in FronT oF The marine driVe sTaTion. and it is now. lying on its side. and is now the most used line of the three. As an Olympic volunteer myself working in the evenings.’ ” “As for the Evergreen Line. which was then value-engineered to pure utility. The Canada Line is more like. but [also] because it broke the thing open in the way each station announced itself with an exclamation point. I honestly can’t call how it’s going to come out. niC Lehoux opposite right.” Whether the stations are built remains to be seen. It’s like trying to get on a ride at Disneyland. demonstrated by the long queues on opening day. sea isLand sTaTion is an imPorTanT GaTeWay sTaTion en rouTe To VanCouVer’s airPorT. with an increasingly standardized assemblage of parts and parameters to be coordinated. The level of complexity remains the same. a WaVy CeiLinG aT The WaTerFronT sTaTion’s PLaTForm LeVeL is one oF The WaTer-Themed eLemenTs ThaT surViVed The ProjeCT’s CosT-CuTTinG measures. BusBy Perkins+WiLL’s hiGhCeiLinGed enTranCe To aBerdeen sTaTion in riChmond ProTeCTs CommuTers From Wind and rain. its aesthetic is the result of the urgency to get the most efficient design—universal and straightforward—for the greatest good. As a humourous aside. Regardless of the Canada Line’s construction woes. an examPLe oF The Canada Line’s PuBLiC arT ComPonenT is insTaLLed in FronT oF The oLymPiC ViLLaGe sTaTion. which took an explicit mandate. The oLymPiC ViLLaGe sTaTion is a VaLuaBLe TransPorTaTion LiFeLine For The neiGhBourhood. we’re just stations. SkyTrain before that was not that popular in the public imagination. ‘Don’t worry about all that. it has been a success from a functional standpoint. turous as the Millennium Line. McGarva described building the Yaletown station as the equivalent of constructing a 200-foot highrise underground. Maybe some standards will change and some new people will come in and say we need up and down escalators. This was the decision made with the Expo Line 25 years ago. It was a culture and a branding— Millennium Line was a brand. and it was a big decision as it’s not just a couple thousand dollars for another escalator— it’s so many more metres of property that moves the alignment.marTin TessLer miChaeL eLkan WorldMags miChaeL eLkan niC Lehoux clockwise FroM top The sea isLand sTaTion is inTended LarGeLy For air Canada emPLoyees.
WorldMags ed WhiTe systeM Map aboVe a VieW oF BridGePorT sTaTion iLLusTraTes a TyPiCaL aPProaCh To aBoVe-Grade desiGn aLonG The Canada Line. Marine driVe south cross-section 0 5M WorldMags 03/11 canadian architect 23 ed WhiTe ed WhiTe ed WhiTe .
LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. martin tessler was full of friendly people talking and laughing— positive energy that. Sean Ruthen is a Vancouver-based architect and writer.htm for more information. PrOJect oakridge–41st avenue station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. PrOJect BridgePort station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL/MechanicaL/eLectricaL genivar PrOJect aBerdeen station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. richmond’s asian-themed shoPPing malls are visiBle Behind aBerdeen station. PrOJect yvr–airPort station architect kasian strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. eLectricaL genivar LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. with SkyTrain usage overall jumping 54%. LandscaPe sharPe & diamond landscaPe architecture inc. PrOJect king edWard station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. the at-grade Plaza Beneath aBerdeen station along no. PrOJect sea island centre station architect Walter francl architecture strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. aBundant glazing Provides WindBreaks and clear sightlines to ensure Passenger safety. WorldMags 24 canadian architect 03/11 . will always represent the Canada Line and makes taking the train a pleasurable experience in Metro Vancouver and its surroundings. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd.ca/commsvcs/planning/rezoning/ applications/8430cambie/index. propelling minimalism into a new architectural expression. tOP tO BOttOM BusBy Perkins+Will’s three stations in richmond feature roof enclosures that gently lift at the edges to enhance commuters’ vieWs toWard the city Beyond. PrOJect marine drive station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL genivar LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. demonstrating that if you build it. people will ride it. PrOJect vancouver city centre station architect via architecture (Prime)/PBk architects (collaBorating) strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. the 16 new stations are celebrating what design details they can. PrOJect richmond–Brighouse station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. 3 road. A remarkable 1. ca 1 See http://vancouver. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd./stantec consulting ltd. And despite their austere utilitas. PrOJect temPleton station architect Walter francl architecture strUctUraL fast + ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL mcW consultants ltd. eLectricaL aPPlied engineering solutions ltd. PrOJect BroadWay–city hall station architect stantec strUctUraL rJc consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. LandscaPe durante kreuk ltd. PrOJect langara–49th avenue station architect dialog (formerly hotson Bakker Boniface haden architects) strUctUraL glotman simPson consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. to me. PrOJect lansdoWne station architect BusBy Perkins+Will strUctUraL fast & ePP MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd. eLectricaL genivar PrOJect yaletoWn roundhouse station architect via architecture strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. hyWel Jones architect (renovations to existing station comPlex) strUctUraL read Jones christoffersen consulting engineers MechanicaL snc–lavalin inc. PrOJect olymPic village station architect stantec strUctUraL rJc consulting engineers MechanicaL/eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd.6 million people used the system per day during the Olympics.martin tessler PrOJect Waterfront station architects via architecture. martin tessler WorldMags martin tessler aBOVe. eLectricaL stantec consulting ltd.
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LEED is the most widely used rating system for new green buildings in North America. an absolute target (often “normalized” for differences such as weather and occupancy). and are typically expressed as either a percent savings (as compared to a “reference building”). etc.ian Theakeranddougwebber There is growing awareness and interest in “netzero” energy buildings. However. and this metric is increasingly seen as a more credible measure of performance than a relative percent savings value.). recently funded a study to evaluate the measured energy performance of LEED-certified buildings. the US Green Building Council (USGBC) aBoVe scheduledforoccupancyinThe summerof2011.busbyperkins+will’s cenTreforinTeracTiveresearchforsusTainabiliTyaTubcisacandidaTeforlivingbuildingchallengecerTificaTion. energy consumption targets in canada Building energy consumption targets are increas- ingly used and discussed by building professionals in Canada. the energy performance of LEED-NC certified buildings is sometimes questioned since the NC rating system rewards projects based on predicted performance. In fact. controversy.Jennymcminn. Being LEED’s top rating. LEED-certified buildings perform better than the market (though even well-designed buildings can be poor performers. district heating.technical approaching net-Zero energy ThisarTiclediscussessomeofThesTraTegies usedandchallengesfacedinmovingTo zero-energyconsumpTionbuildings. or as a maximum “energy use intensity” (EUI). which is a relative target. the most ambitious energy targets in the Canadian market 03/11canadian architect WorldMags 27 busbyperkins+will WorldMags . depending on the actions of occupants and operators).illusTraTedbyTwonewcanadianbuildings wiThambiTiousenvironmenTalgoals. However. and recently a lawsuit (based on questions regarding the statistical rigour of the analysis). with no need to verify actual performance. Although LEED is the most common. EUI refers to the total amount of energy a building consumes from all sources in a year (natural gas. EUI is typically expressed in “equivalent kilowatt hours per year per unit of gross floor area” (ekWh/y/m2). There are now more than a dozen LEED-NC Platinum-certified buildings in Canada. teXt markbessoudo. it may be impractical to achieve without “scale jumping”—using energy resources beyond the individual building’s site. But what does it take for a large and intensively used building to achieve net-zero energy? Can it be achieved? The Centre for Green Cities at the Evergreen Brick Works in Toronto and the Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (CIRS) at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver share several key design strategies that enable the buildings to approach net-zero energy performance within their own site boundaries. electricity. we believe that the general conclusions are sound: that on average. an average LEED Goldor Platinum-certified commercial building in North America has a median EUI of 162 ekWh/y/ m2. In Canada. these two buildings also show that net-zero energy is a very difficult target for larger buildings. To respond to this level of doubt in the market. While the study has generated much debate. alongwiThachievingneT-zeroenergy andwaTerconsumpTion.1 According to this study (conducted by the New Buildings Institute). we expect these to be some of the top energy performers in the country. This is 60 percent better than Natural Resources Canada’s estimate for an average Canadian office building.
integrating existing brick walls. The construction of the Centre is largely complete. Each metric illuminates different issues—impacting the demands on an individual project. are included in the International Living Building Institute’s Living Building Challenge. The long face of the heritage building was oriented along the north-south axis.super-insulaTedexTeriorcladding. “Source” energy refers to the primary energy required to generate and deliver the energy consumed at the site. Ventilation energy conservation strategies included a high-performance heat recovery system with a desiccant wheel for latent energy. CO2 sensors and enthalpycontrolled ventilation are predicted to further reduce fan loads by over 25%. These measures are predicted to reduce ventilation heating loads by 42%. and canals that will help manage the Don River waters when in flood.sTeampipesare TrappedinalayerofconcreTeToprovideThermalcomforTforThousandsofvisiTors. this article uses “site energy” as the metric. the 16-hectare site will include a complex of revitalized historical buildings and industrial structures. which requires a certified project to generate 100% of its energy needs through renewable energy generation (base on one year’s measured data). 2 to 3 units of energy are consumed at the generating station for every unit of site energy consumed by a building. which was seen to consume as much energy as envelope losses. Net-Zero Carbon: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses with each energy type factored by their respective “grid” supply carbon intensity. zero seems like a simple and easy-to-understand target.9 W/m2K). with partial occupancy as of December 2010. with a focus on energy efficiency. and a glycol run-around loop for sensible energy. posing challenges to the design team with respect to passive solar strategies. Given the focus on bringing nature to the city. in the details it becomes more complex. nature trails. Through careful design of the building envelope. heat is provided by an in-floor radiant system on the ground floor and radiators around the perimeter of interior spaces. on average. Evergreen’s mission is to “bring communities and nature together for the benefit of both. When completed. This appreciation led them to target LEED Canada-NC Platinum certification.”2 Net-Zero Energy Cost: annual revenues from energy sales to utilities by the building owner for energy exported to the grid are equal to or greater than the utility bills paid.Theoriginal shellofThered-brickbuildingwasmainTainedTosupporTanew. movable external shades that control solar gains and act as one of many media for art.diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs Unless stated otherwise. At the heart of this development is the Evergreen Centre for Green Cities. There are at least four common definitions of net-zero energy: Net-Zero Site Energy: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses in a year within its own site boundaries. a skating rink. rather diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs WorldMags 28canadian architect03/11 . when accounting for upstream inefficiencies. and fan-driven “chimneys” were included to drive natural ventilation and nighttime air-purge cooling strategies. a workspace for themselves and other social entrepreneurs. Improvement strategies include a windowto-wall ratio of 23%. ponds. The windows have wire mesh. which will reflect their appreciation for environmental issues.aBoVeThefarmers’markeThasnewhydronicflooring. increasing the porosity of the building was important. since. The design team also focused on the energy consumed through ventilation. The Centre for Green Cities was built upon an existing heritage building. evergreen at the Brick Works in toronto WorldMags top Thebrickworks’chimneyhasbecomeaniconforTheredevelopmenT. trusses. and high-performance window systems (USI 0. several large exhibition halls. coupled with three solar. net-Zero energy Buildings Unlike EUI or percent energy savings. and columns. a farmers’ market. centre for green cities. Net-Zero Source Energy: the building produces at least as much energy as it uses in a year.1– 1999. wind. Operable windows.” Their project known as the Brick Works involves transforming an abandoned 19th-century quarry and brick factory into an environmental community centre in the heart of Toronto’s ravine system. However. This is of particular importance to electricity. Heating is decoupled from ventilation. the design reduces annual heating and cooling energy by almost 50% relative to ASHRAE 90. high insulation—R-35 walls and R-50 roof.
supported from the start by Busby Perkins + Will. and the rigour of the approach to achieve them. leFt to righthighlyinsulaTedwallsand roofsonThecenTreforgreenciTies aTThebrickworkswillhelpmakeThis proJecTaleedplaTinumbuilding. with daylight and occupancy controls. among others. and data from a comprehensive measurement and verification system. Through a combination of art. large glazing areas were placed on the south-east and south-west elevations to provide solar heating.000-square-metre PV array needed for netzero energy.500 ekWh/year back to preheat outdoor (ventilation) air. The Athena Institute’s EcoCalculator pointed to the use of salvaged wood damaged by the pine beetle to help sequester roughly 600 tonnes of carbon dioxide. University of British columbia in Vancouver The University of British Columbia’s Centre for Interactive Research for Sustainability (CIRS) is intended to be the home of UBC’s Sustainability Initiative. displacement ventilation. with upper clerestory sections to admit natural light deep into interiors. worked for over a decade to gain provincial and federal funding. CIRS’s mechanical design takes advantage of an opportunity presented by its campus setting. storytelling. In the interim. by including a heat pump system that recovers waste heat from an adjacent building’s laboratory exhaust system. returning roughly 603. John Robinson. Evergreen is exploring partnership opportunities to fund a 110 Kw (peak) photovoltaic system at the Brick Works site. goals include net-zero energy and net-zero water consumption. Haworth. The UBC campus setting eased passive design to optimize natural energy capture by allowing some flexibility in massing and footprint. Stantec and Honeywell. To further reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Massing and envelope efforts were matched by attention to conditioning outdoor air. the design’s massing strategy evolved from a simple cubic form with a narrow internal atrium to a Ushape of narrow floor plates that provide more natural daylighting. and solar energy collection. a vegetated brise-soleil will shade the atrium in the summer months while admitting winter sun for heating and lighting. geoexchange heating and cooling. the International Centre for Sustainable Cities. diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs centre for interactive research for Sustainability. What sets the CIRS building apart from other high-performance buildings are its ambitious performance goals. The office building’s roof alone is not large enough for the anticipated 5. Evergreen has committed to purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from Bullfrog Power for 100% of the building’s annual electricity consumption. Windows include lower vision sections with shades to control solar loads and glare. The envelope includes high levels of insulation (R-30 in walls and R-60 in roofs). the preferred renewable energy option included a biomass boiler and a solar/cogeneration cooling system.naTural venTilaTionchimneysallowThisbuildingTobreaTheallyearlongwhile TakingadvanTageoffreeenergy. and the BC design community will benefit from its policy. and to cause behavioural change. the 5. green roofs. Load reduction and passive opportunities were also major influences on the envelope design: balancing opaque and glazed areas maximized top. taking advantage of revenues from Ontario government’s feed-in tariff (FIT) program. daylighting opportunities while minimizing heat loss. graduate students and partners. and avoiding the Living Building Challenge’s “Red List” of toxic materials. Controlling the building’s embodied energy and operating GHG emissions is leading the project to becoming Canada’s first GHG-negative building. research and campus operations. Its Building Monitoring and Assessment Lab will gather and publish operational performance of the project’s green features. water conservation and rainwater harvesting. Through energy-conserving design alone. 64% better than ASHRAE 90. the Centre for Green Cities is anticipated to be one the most efficient office buildings in Canada.1—1999. As a candidate for Living Building Challenge certification.WorldMags than through the ventilation system. Scheduled for occupancy in July 2011. These strategies yielded a predicted building EUI of 71 ekWh/y/m2. which combines teaching. CIRS will provide lecture spaces and offices for staff. natural daylighting.5 W/m2. non-governmental organizations such as the David Suzuki Foundation. Evergreen considered several renewable energy options. radiant heating. which allowed an overall window-to-wall ratio of 48%. reduce lighting energy by over 50% relative to ASHRAE 90. views and passive cooling when conditions permit. 90 kW are planned for the roof of an adjacent industrial building.1— 1999 and eligible for all 10 LEED Canada-NC EAc1 energy points—and provided a positive return on investment. and businesses such as BC Hydro. Careful spacing and selection of high-efficiency fixtures. with a lighting power density of 6. Collaborators now include governments and research agencies. The result is anticipated to reduce natural gas use by UBC’s district energy system for a net energy surplus and reduce almost 03/11canadian architect WorldMags 29 diamondandschmiTTarchiTecTs . the intent is for this building itself to be a change agent. Executive Director of this initiative. The system is expected to serve the adjacent building as well as CIRS. During design development.500-square-metre CIRS building includes many elements now commonly seen in many green buildings: drought-resistant native landscaping. Two of Evergreen’s objectives were to create a great visitor experience. simulation and daylighting research laboratories and engagement theatre. the building’s $37-million construction budget reflects the University’s commitment to understanding how sustainability can be implemented in real life.
Massing for daylighting. Both CIRS and Brickworks went to great lengths to reduce energy consumption for heating. 2008. As envelope losses. All the right conditions—physical. Similarly. the Living Building Challenge introduced the idea of “scale jumping. and local energy resources—particularly nearby sources of waste heat. cooling and moving outdoor air. 1 s 1 olarThermalpanelsorienTed forwinTerheaTing 2sTorageTanks 3biomassboiler 4ahu 5perimeTerradiaTors 6hydronicfloorheaTing 1 1 4 3 1shadingdevice 2buildingoverhang 3operablewindows 4cleresTorywindows 5solarchimney 6insulaTedglazing 6 1 1 1 5 6 6 2 3 4 5 5 2 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 6 2 2 2 2 1 6 6 3 natUral Ventilation Strategy cooling Strategy heating Strategy WorldMags 30canadian architect03/11 . supplemented by heat pumps. daylighting. and building porosity to optimize passive effects (e. many Living Building Challenge projects use waste energy or renewable energy generated at a larger scale than the individual building site. Evergreen’s Centre for Green Cities program was an adaptive reuse of an existing heritage building. and programmatic and financial constraints greatly affect whether and how a building can become self-sufficient in energy terms. Energy conservation efforts have to address all energy uses aggressively. However. than to try and achieve net-zero energy in each individual building. Reduce energy loads for heating. a 25 kW (peak) solar photovoltaic array is integrated with roof clerestory skylights and is expected to provide almost 10% of the building’s annual electrical energy. looking Beyond the Building Site: Scale Jumping light that falls on its footprint. Net-zero site energy at the building scale is not always the best solution. Jenny McMinn. the constraints of the site. the better to contribute to overall environmental performance. 2 Torcellini et al. June 2006. and both had great success with careful massing. Advanced technologies can challenge budgets and schedules. Together. These resources may be either on the building itself.g.150 tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalent emissions annually for both buildings together. Conditioning of outdoor air is largely done with recovery of waste heat. Meet energy loads efficiently through careful design of electrical and mechanical systems and equipment. 2. Just as buildings and their programs do not sit in social and economic isolation. almost three-quarters of domestic water heating is provided by 40kW of solar thermal collectors on the roof. A multi-storey building in a dense urban environment will likely be shaded by adjacent buildings and have a relatively small unobstructed roof or wall area for solar collection. which limited its available roof area and constrained its orientation.. and measurement and verification. In addition. compared to the energy needs of the floor area required to meet its functional program. As a national leader. and capital and operating budgets. construction schedules.asillusTraTedinThesecross- secTions. cladding. including availability of solar or waste energy resources. cooling and ventilation. commissioning. or may need to draw on a larger area than the building footprint occupies. New technologies at the “bleeding edge” can offer great promise for energy efficiency or harvesting renewable resources. neighbourhood. the less likely it will be able to meet its energy needs exclusively from the sun1 olarThermalpanelsorienTed s forsummercooling 2sTorageTanks 3absorpTionchiller 4ahu 5 oolairdeliveredThrough c raisedaccessfloor 6 oolairdeliveredThrough c hollowconcreTeplanksTo ceilingdiffusers Definition. access to winds and solar gains can greatly help smaller buildings or those with generous sites approach a net-zero target. 3. on the path towards net-Zero energy Buildings: the design process WorldMags The design process for both CIRS and Brick Works followed four basic steps: 1. controls. if they are still immature. As a result. cooling and lighting through appropriate massing. conditioning outdoor air for ventilation grows in importance—but its slice of the energy pie is often masked. so too should their energy targets respond to and take advantage of the larger energy context. larger buildings often don’t have sufficient site space to capture renewable resources to meet their needs. and lighting energy are reduced.. Halsall has provided green building consulting on over 400 projects including new and existing buildings and communities.g. To approach net-zero energy performance. both the CIRS and Brick Works design teams were required to look beyond their individual site footprints. However. National Energy Renewable Laboratory (NREL). Both design teams made impressive efforts to identify and assess how all design elements could improve energy performance. to help create systems that efficiently recover waste heat or passively temper incoming fresh air. The needs of the building program. Even with extraordinary conservation efforts. technical and financial—need to be in place and aligned to optimize an energy strategy to its full potential. passive solar). High energy performance starts with reducing energy consumption. Ian Theaker and Doug Webber are members of Halsall Associates’ Green Planning and Design team. ca 1 Energy Performance of LEED® for New Construction Buildings. prevailing winds). Acknowledging that energy-generating strategies at a larger scale than the individual building may be a better use of limited fiscal and design resources. 4.” The Challenge recognizes that it may be more valuable for larger buildings to share or generate energy resources at the block. internal loads. Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the New Buildings Institute. summertime shading. and no energy use can be neglected to reduce energy consumption to the point where renewable energy supplies are likely to be sufficient. Understand the site context by identifying opportunities and constraints presented by the microclimate (e. the larger the building. solar path. community or larger scales. they offer several lessons: Creating a net-zero energy building is not easy. the infrastructure serving the building. BeloWvariousenergy-efficienTsTraTegies wereusedforThecenTreforgreen ciTies. Conditioning of outdoor air (ventilation) is a large issue for highly efficient buildings. there simply wasn’t enough roof to collect enough solar energy to meet its needs over the course of a typical year. Designers would benefit greatly if simulation reports highlight energy consumed by heating. they can have major impacts on the design process. natural ventilation. Generate and supply energy from renewable resources such as solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal to meet the remaining energy needs. envelope and systems design. CIRS’s building footprint was not large enough to be totally self-sufficient in energy consumption with the program it aims to satisfy. These load reductions and efficient systems minimized the amount of energy needed. Mark Bessoudo.
resource conservation efforts and evolving lifestyle choices are driving demand for healthier. big box stores and office parks.farrowaNdsharoNvaNderkaay aBoVe avastparkiNglotoutsideofbigboxretailestablishmeNtsoNlyeNcouragesourcar-ceNtricsociety. Intensified “Eco-Towns” and “Creative Hubs” comprised of arts centres. Richard J. Dismal places that discourage physical and mental activity are increasingly recognized as contributing to a public health crisis with a human face and economic price tag that can no longer be ignored.to 34-year-old Canadians have more than doubled since 1978-79. Obesity rates for 25. Chair of the School of Health at UCLA and former Director of the US National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This example has inspired eight of the 13 area malls to move forward with plans for applying urban design principles to their suburban settings. and June Williamson. “We are now medicalizing the problems people are experiencing with their environment.3 million in 2000 to 3. More than 80 examples of such suburban transformations are presented in Retrofitting Suburbia by Ellen Dunham-Jones. including losses in productivity. publicly owned streets. More than 50 years of dire warnings concerning the long-term effects of dehumanizing. Alienating. we can help treat and prevent chronic diseases with ‘built environment therapy.” says Dr. big box farms and nursing homes are beginning to appear and spawn ideas for innovative conversions.7 million by 2020. energydraining design in the suburbs have played out pretty much as feared. car-centric environments are widely seen as a major factor in making chronic diseases the plague of this century. Soaring energy costs. But there is an alternative way of 03/11canadian architect WorldMags 31 . “If designers and public health professionals work together. educational facilities. The number of children considered obese and overweight has climbed from 15% to 26% during that same period. how to cultivate demand for healthy design Generations of architects who expressed a desire to “educate the public” regarding aesthetic values have had mixed success in creating design quality champions. Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at the City College of New York/CUNY. LEED-certified buildings and sustainable site design. AIA.thesedisruptiveforcesare providiNgarchitectswithafreshopportuNitytobeleadersiNthequesttocreatea healthiersociety. libraries. more liveable suburban communities. parking lots. Preventable medical conditions. while Baby Boomers want to age in places that feature walkable.’” a shift in the Market There is some encouraging light on the horizons of those sickly strip malls and acres of asphalt. Otherwise. Long commutes are shunned by Generation Y. Director of the architecture program at the Georgia Institute of Technology. tyes. Dunham-Jones says that the challenge as this movement gains momentum is to raise public expectations for design quality. Their case studies include a former 100-acre mall in Lakewood. suburban renewal eyesores may echo the infamous failed urban renewal projects of the past. This adds up to a marketdriven demand for repurposing and retrofitting underperforming retail. diverse and vibrant neighbourhoods. place an estimated extra burden of $24 billion on the Canadian medical system annually.report Bringing healthy design to the suBurBs WorldMags teXt NormsofsuburbaNlifethathaveledtoalarmiNgiNcreasesiNillNessarebeiNgshakeN byreceNtecoNomicshockwavesaNdshiftiNgdemographics. Jackson. such as 80% of cardiovascular disease occurrences. A 2009 report commissioned by the Canadian Diabetes Association predicted that the number of Canadians living with diabetes linked to overweight would grow from 1. Colorado that has been redeveloped over a 10-year period into 23 walkable urban blocks.
walkable and liveable may still be oppressively dreary or disorienting (e. our visual literacy conversations with clients and the general public are grounded by this fundamental question: Does the design create health or erode health? We further illuminate our ultimate test of creating health in terms of five dimensions. universal accessibility to public buildings. question-based dialogue regarding personally meaningful criteria is the most effective way to build appreciation for new ideas. In essence. Variety: Does the design provide visual interest and support diverse activities? 4. intellectual path to enlightening clients regarding gaps in aesthetics. citizens need to ask why. as well as careless abuse of the natural and built environment. As the overwhelming cost of managing chronic diseases continues to set off calls for drastic solutions. office buildings. where Sharon VanderKaay is the Director of Knowledge Development. lead the Quest for a health-creation society aBoVe byaNymeasure. the public may have turned a blind eye to these sights. fake historical villages. Prevention has become the mantra of every health-care organization today.g. Getting serious about making dramatic reductions in health-care spending will entail more than imposing austerity measures on our hospitals and renaming disease-treating medical facilities “health centres. or Vital Signs. Vitality: Does it convey a sense of energy and stimulate social interaction? 5. These conventions of the past add up to the unsustainable. it is critical for decisionmakers to develop an emotional reaction to unhealthy design that is on par with their visceral reaction when they see a mother smoking near her child or when they encounter a polluted river. illness-coping society we face today.wordpress. but we cannot rely on our medical system to solve the deeper causes of ill health. Legacy: Are we creating a design that is beyond “sustainable” in terms of advancing long-term health and prosperity? 32canadian architect03/11 go for gut reactions Projects that are considered technically sustainable.” 1. schools and hospitals. and “angry” citizens with pervasive anxiety and depression. Nature: Does the design make connections with the natural world? 2. for example. it is necessary to think together about the many advantages of healthy design and how design quality can be achieved most economically..WorldMags increasing the demand for better design: research on how adults learn indicates that active. Farrow is a Senior Partner at Farrow Partnership Architects. Unhealthy weight must be understood as the symptom of a larger complex problem that has roots in the life-sapping design of our cities. ca Tye S. we also experience the consequences of educational models that focus on teaching at the expense of learning. Green design. to change the minds of developers and others who have traditionally invested in pathogenic places. In our view.” If we look upstream beyond managing chronic illness to participate in a health-creation society. However our experience indicates that engaged citizens can learn to be appalled by poor-quality design. They both discuss the design process and how innovation happens on “The Nature of Innovation.streetscapeswith NarrowsidewalksaNdwidearterials discouragepedestriaNactivitywhile promotiNgacar-domiNaNtbuilt eNviroNmeNt. WorldMags . but now people have become sensitized to the associated health consequences.com/ which includes a video of Tye’s pitch for healthier design at the Mayo Clinic’s Transform 2010 symposium. unsustainable medical systems. monotonous sheds). All around us we can see how industrial-era thinking has led to dysfunctional financial practices. Such emotional reactions are based on deeply held beliefs rather than shallow “buy in” and therefore can be very powerful motivators for action. At one time. obesity is growing at an alarming rate in contrast to the rare condition it was only 50 years ago. pill-popping.” Farrow Partnership’s blog at http://farrowpartnership. and banning smoking are three examples of how entrenched attitudes can change when external forces shift and decision-makers see why it is in their personal interest to support a movement. Authenticity: Does the design convey locally inspired character? 3. suburbs. we can radically reduce unnecessary costs while enhancing long-term prosperity. Architects have tended to pursue a didactic. These common terms are easier for non-architects to relate to than academic-oriented architectural lingo such as “mixed use” or “sense of place. To help develop broad-based support for design quality.
more failed real estate proposals and further protests. shops. combines and sequence—each is concluded by a member of the editorial board with an essay tying that theme into a greater historic architectural context. which was eventually completed in 2010. The book’s odd title is derived from an expression used by Henriquez at the outset of his involvement in the project. along with Henriquez Partners Architects. By 2004. Bc It demands a great deal of effort.2010. Westbank Projects Corporation and Petersen Investment Group. such a complex group of public and private interests have succeeded in turning around one of Canada’s poorest postal codes with a large-scale urban project intended as a catalyst for change— the recently completed Woodward’s mixed-use redevelopment in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside.” First opened in 1903. Guided by architect Gregory Henriquez of Henriquez Partners Architects. By 2007. construction began on the one-millionsquare-foot redevelopment comprising 200 units of low-cost housing. heart and soul from a diverse range of people to improve a neighbourhood. Neeraj Bhatia and others present an adjustment strategy for the typical Chinese urban village.Books reVieWed BY BREndAnCoRMiERAndiAnChodikoff Body heat: the story of the Woodward’s redevelopment EditedbyRobertEnright. Composed of a diverse and changing editorial board coupled with globally sourced contributions from architects. a richly illustrated account of the redevelopment process leading toward its realization. and consultants who dedicated countless hours to the project. art and theatre facilities for Simon Fraser University. environment and digital culture. housing experts. hybrids.Barcelona:ACTAR. Other voices represented include municipal leaders. a choice that seems to ride the current zeitgeist of architectural speculation and popular interest in food production methods. the site was purchased by a developer in 1995 who immediately sold the attached parking garage to the City and made a failed attempt to build 400 market condos. Charles Waldheim looks back on three seminal urban-agrarian visions by Wright. diverse and insightful. 2010. the Woodward’s flagship store on Hastings Street finally closed its doors in 1993. Hilberseimer and Branzi. sealing the fate of its Downtown Eastside urban context which had already been deteriorating for several years. Body Heat’s collection of interviews and photo essays include many of the individuals involved in the project—from developer Ian Gillespie to Kevan Losch. making it an essential read for anyone looking to probe the limits of architectural-agricultural speculation. prostitu- tion. inputs and outputs. political will. municipal and federal government offices. Project contributions are equally stimulating. and 536 market condos. demands. told through an insightful collection of 23 essays documenting one of the most socially and culturally sensitive Canadian urban redevelopment projects in recent memory. Natalie de Vries of MVRDV reflects on her firm’s past farming projects.Vancouver:Blueimprint. the publication aims to document overlooked issues at the intersection of architecture. The story has been brought to life with Body Heat: The Story of the Woodward’s Redevelopment. homelessness and declining commercial activity was increasingly prevalent in the area. a simple series of flash cards which describe different crop yields. Divided into six themes—seeding.” Maya Przybylski’s essay is especially illuminating as it places into proper context the full significance of Stewart Brand’s Whole Earth Catalog. WorldMags Bracket is a new yearly publication put together by Archinect and InfraNet Lab and published by Actar. As architect and educator Chris Macdonald describes it. were selected to redevelop the block. After the defunct department store’s imposing building was abandoned. Economic and social problems manifested by drug use. community support. Bracket [On Farming] is thorough. and Craig England debuts his farm-planning tool FoodMatrix. designers and academics. allotments. The inaugural issue’s theme is farming. Bracket [on Farming] EditedbyMasonWhiteandMayaPrzybylski. client commitment and—unquestionably—historical moment. This marked the beginning of a series of events that coincided with the creation of the Woodward’s Cooperative Housing Society. social activists. Woodward’s was “the perfect storm of architectural capacity. The closing interview with Gregory Henriquez reinforces the role of his practice as a facilitator and negotiator for achieving socially responsible architecture. a crane operator. Ryan Lingard puts forth a beautiful piece waxing poetic on the evolution of a poplar farm in Oregon. and Mason White discusses an alternative reading of architecture as a “productive surface. yield. Robert Enright 03/11canadian architect WorldMags 33 .
wiley. Grounded editor and senior landscape architect at PFS explains: “Without architecture. For more Wiley architecture titles. Clearly. As simple a lesson as it might seem.000 people a day doing any number of unexceptional things: attending classes. Managers. and offers guidelines for assessment. and Contractors Second Edition Chuck Eastman. Studying the variety of public landscapes that PFS has completed over its nearly 20-year history is astounding. ic WorldMags Completely Updated to Current Practice and Technology. ic Grounded: the Work of Phillips Farevaag smallenberg EditedbykeltyMckinnon. watching a film. business process discussion of each of the major professional groups in AECO. There are several issues which become apparent when reading Grounded. such as Richmond City Hall and the restoration of the Vimy Memorial in France.00 CHUCK EASTMAN • PAUL TEICHOLZ • RAFAEL SACKS • KATHLEEN LISTON Available wherever books are sold and online. such as Michael Van Valkenburgh and Douglas Paterson. 2010. an overview of the work of Vancouver-based Phillips Farevaag Smallenberg (PFS). never simultaneously. yet PFS’s work on Coal Harbour. and Contractors BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners.Vancouver:Blueimprint. Rafael Sacks. and Grounded clearly illustrates this point. seating and the precise deployment of trees and plantings necessary for order and layering. shopping. It includes real world case studies identifying both the benefits and successes of BIM. Kathleen Liston The BIM Handbook presents the technology and processes behind BIM to aid architects. and study questions for professionals. Engineers. essays by Bruce Kuwabara. going to the bank or drugstore. As demonstrated by Rubin’s vase (the famous double image of a black vase and two white faces). provide words of wisdom from an esteemed peer and mentor respectively. Langara College and the forthcoming Cates Park/ Whey-ah-Wichen Park illustrates a far more complex relationship between cultural and climatic aspects of the West Coast and Vancouver’s urbanity than what many architects in BC often fail to achieve. one of this country’s most highly recognized landscape architecture firms. and use. When it comes to Vancouverism. The firm’s own approach to landscape urbanism moves people in. most architects tend to look skyward at the many high-rise developments in Vancouver over the past two decades. Designers. 978-0-470-54137-1 | Cloth | April 2011 | 632 pages | $102. Designers. To deepen the understanding of the complementarities and commonalities.” This book is a rare document that gives a voice to countless individuals responsible for bringing new life to an old neighbourhood. the skill sets of landscape architects are considerably different than those of architects. please visit www. landscape is illegible—its spatial qualities dependent on its circumscription. Kelty McKinnon. the eye is only able to perceive either figure or ground at any one time. To wit: Toronto’s Sherbourne Park. hanging out. and students to engage in discussions about the many issues with respect to implementing and transitioning to BIM. Their work critically defines the historical and cultural characteristics of place.explains Henriquez’s view that “body heat” is “5. Paul Teicholz. The BIM Handbook combines in-depth technical background. educators. architecture and landscape architecture need each other to flourish. As for the discussions relating to landscape urbanism. contractors and sub-contractors.” Indeed. The first issue that comes to mind is the realization that relatively few landscape architecture firms consistently produce highly designed and technically complex projects in Canada compared to the number of architecture firms practicing today. construction and facility owners (AECO). out and through both public and private spaces taking into account such considerations as shade. PFS exemplifies what it means to engage with the city while understanding its formal and ecological components. Body Heat is a narrative of conventional urban life. SECOND EDITION BIM Handbook A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners. Engineers. engineers. it is a story of living and working in a neighbourhood. Managers. Other contributors. One occludes the other.ca/architecture WorldMags 34canadian architect03/11 . A second issue that surfaces in the book is the way in which PFS’s work represents a highly unassuming yet effective response to both Vancouverism and landscape urbanism—“coined terms” whose continued mention in the design profession and popular press in recent years has grown tiresome. Ken Greenberg and Julian Smith demonstrate the respect and collegiality amongst colleagues who have worked with PFS. adoption. Learning about and appreciating these differences through the work of PFS and their collaborators is extremely enlightening.
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canadianarchitect.gladstonehotel. Fax Postal code Date Exp. 2011 New Yorkbased David Owen.prefix. staff writer at The New Yorker and author of Green Metropolis. 2011 This lecture by Wes Jones of jones. 2011 Taking place at 7:30pm at the Prefix Institute of Contem porary Art in Toronto. and Derek Lee of the PWL Partnership. 2011 This lecture takes place at 6:30pm in Room 100 of the Math ematics Building at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. Jo Wright of Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios.95 (+GST/HST/QST) O 2 years $85. Toronto.pleasevisit www. www.ca FormoreinFormationabout these. Ste phen Teeple of Teeple Architects Inc. Landscape and Design at the University of Toronto.mcgill.utoronto.ucalgary.com Inquiries at circulation@canadianarchitect. $103.com Name Company Address City Tel. Nick Sully and Alec Smith of SHAPE Architecture.95 (+GST/HST/QST) O 1 year U. www.com Why Manhattan is the Greenest City in North America Stephen Teeple: Recent Works March 22.evds. in Toronto delivers this lecture at 6:30pm at the Daniels Faculty of Architecture. www. 2011 As part of the Bult haupsponsored lecture series.95 (US funds) O 1 year International $123. princi pal of Atelier Hitoshi Abe in Sendai/ Los Angeles and chair of the UCLA Department of Architecture and Urban Design.oneofakindshow. www. taking place at the Direct Energy Centre in Toronto.canadianarchitect. delivers this lecture at 8:00pm at the Playhouse Theatre in Vancouver.95 (US funds) Type of business: O Professional Engineers O Registered Architect O Interior Designer O Student of Architecture/Design O Specification Writer O Landscape Architect O Developer/Builder O Architectural Technologist O Graduate/Intern/Arch/Arch Asst O Other (please specify) ______________________________ To order on-line go to www. engages in a conversation with Margaret Zeidler.takes place at the Gladstone Hotel Café in Toronto.com March 28. www. 2011 Hitoshi Abe. E-mail Signature Title Prov. Wes Jones: SouperGreen March 23.com Marcelo Spina lecture April 7. date O Cheque (payable to Canadian Architect) O Visa O AMEX O MC No Name on card O Yes! I would like to subscribe/renew to Canadian Architect O 1 year $53. Alex Sains bury. the artist arranges the pieces in relation to one another.S. 2011 As part of Carleton University’s Forum Lecture Series. delivers this lecture at 6:00pm at UBC Robson Square in Vancouver. Suite 800. partners: archi tecture in Los Angeles takes place at 6:00pm in Room G10 of the MacdonaldHarrington Building at McGill University. Low-Energy Landscapes: Teaching and Learning with Low-Energy Buildings and Landscapes March 29.daniels. founder and president of Urbanspace Property Group in Toronto. over the course of building the whole. Marcelo Spina of Patterns Architecture in Los Angeles speaks at 7:00pm at the Uptown Stage and Screen in Calgary. One of a Kind Spring Show March 21. and features Patrick Bellew of Atelier April 7.ca/architecture/lectures/ March 30-April 3.com 03/11CANADIAN ARCHITECT WorldMags 37 . the founding director of Raven Row. 2011 Celebrate spring with fresh handmade Cana dian collections by 450 artisans and designers at the One of a Kind Spring Show. www.ca Alex Sainsbury and Margaret Zeidler in conversation March 17.andadditionallistingsoFCanadianandinternationalevents. making choices of form and colour. Craig Dykers of Snøhetta delivers a lecture at 6:00pm at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa. ON M3C 4J2 Subscribe/Renew Today! Please mail or fax your order to 416-510-6875 www. Rather like painting.ca/bulthaup_ spring_2011_lecture_series Craig Dykers lecture Ten. 2011 As part of the Design Matters lecture series hosted by the University of Calgary’s Faculty of WorldMags 12 Concorde Place. a new nonprofit contempor ary art exhibition centre housed in a restored historic building in Lon don. and reveals her re worked remnants of industrial wool felt from her studio production into this series of quilts. New Types Environmental Design.canadianarchitect.
the development was a chance to put into practice many of the principles that Jane Jacobs had laid out in her book. Zeidler & Strong.000 residents. It was ironically shelved by some of Jacobs’s most fervent supporters. The vision for the plan consisted of dig- ging up parts of the island and filling in sections of the lake to form a series of canals and bays. text photo brendan Cormier Zeidler partnersHip arCHiteCts This summer. she lauded the project as “probably the most important advance in planning for cities that has been made this century. waterways and Canals providing a range of Housing and serviCes. Both cities are explicitly referenced in the plan documents. consists of a five-pod pavilion. It represented a strategy to repurpose the island airport adjacent to Ontario Place by turning it into a new waterfront community of 60. However. In thinking about the future of Ontario Place. clever parking solutions. an open-air forum and a marina. we will never be able to fully judge the plan’s merits because it was never realized. issued a Request for Information to gather innovative ideas to re-energize the waterfront around Ontario Place. In fact. Traffic was strictly separated from pedestrian activity and buildings were planned to straddle the street. The plan was also intended to be fully integrated with public transit. Reacting to concerns about high-rise development at the time. Some have suggested that a residential strategy might be what Ontario Place needs to regain its former glory. the development contains several urban design elements that are still used today. ca Brendan Cormier is part of the Toronto-based research and design collective called the Department of Unusual Certainties. And so a look at Harbour City is particularly illuminating. an agency of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture. Modernist anachronisms aside. perhaps contributing to the development’s attendance problems. has seen a substantial drop in annual attendance over the last decade. which opened in 1971. WorldMags 38 canadian architect 03/11 . the world’s first IMAX theatre. the plan proposed to be a horizontal groundscraper—a low-rise development that people could travel across using horizontal elevators. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. the opportunity for a coordinated vision such as Harbour City may be lost. with the closing of the Island Airport nowhere in sight. creating a water city similar to Venice or Amsterdam. WorldMags Harbour City was initially ConCeived as a 735-aCre Community Housing 60. The iconic Toronto waterfront park. Harbour City was an expression of the Province’s vision to have Torontonians living by the lake. loCated west of toronto’s downtown. including Mayor David Crombie and Councillor John Sewell because of growing public concern that the development would necessitate the construction of the Spadina Expressway. many people have suggested looking to the past to better understand the architectural zeitgeist that influenced its development. Its failure has meant that the waterfront area around Ontario Place has remained without a significant residential base. in 1971. and an emphasis on dense downtown living. Harbour City was a master plan commissioned by the provincial government and designed by Craig.backpage harbour city revisited LeFt Harbour City was designed as a City of islands. the Ontario Place Corporation. ontario plaCe opened and remains tHe only portion of tHe sCHeme tHat was ever built.” Unfortunately. including the fine-grained mixture of building footprints. Not surprisingly. Hans Blumenfeld and others.000 people. in consultation with Jane Jacobs. and that it would increase pollution in the lake.
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