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: Any system of coordinates in which properties of a fluid are assigned to points in space at each given time, without attempt to identify individual fluid parcels from one time to the next; a sequence of synoptic charts is a Eulerian representation of the data.

What is Lagrangian Approach? : A method of studying fluid motion and the mechanics of deformable bodies in which one considers volume elements which are carried along with the fluid or body, and across whose boundaries material does not flow; in contrast to Euler method. Also known as Lagrangian description.

Simple explanation of Eulerian vs. Lagrangian approaches: A fluid flow (both liquid and air) may be described in two different ways: the Lagrangian approach (named after the French mathematician Joseph Louis Lagrange), and the Eulerian approach (named after Leonhard Euler, a famous Swiss mathematician). In the Lagrangian approach, one particle is chosen and is followed as it moves through space with time. The line traced out by that one particle is called a particle pathline. An example is a transmitting ocean buoy that observes a set path over regular intervals over a period of time. The path observed is the particle pathline. A Eulerian approach is used to obtain a clearer idea of the airflow at one particular instant. One can look at a photograph of the flow of, for instance, surface ocean currents at a particular fixed time. The entire flow field is easily visualized. The lines comprising this flow field are called streamlines (see streamlining). Thus, a pathline refers to the trace of a single particle in time and space whereas a streamline presents the line of motion of many particles at a fixed time. The question of whether particle pathlines and streamlines are ever the same is considered next. Of basic importance in understanding fluid movements about an object is the concept of a steady flow. On a windy day a person calls the wind steady if, from where she stands, it blows constantly from the same direction at a constant speed. If, however, the speed or direction changes, the wind is gusty or unsteady. In a similar manner the flow of a fluid (both liquid and air) about an object is steady if its velocity (speed and direction) at each point in the flow remains constant this does not necessarily require that the velocity be the same at all points in the fluid. This means that for unsteady flows, particle pathlines (the Langranian point of view) and streamlines (the Eulerian approach) are not equivalent. For a steady flow, however, a particle pathline and streamline are equivalent, and the Lagrangian point of view is the same as the Eulerian approach for flow visualization. As well as steady or unsteady, fluid flow can be rotational or irrotational. If the elements of fluid at each point in the flow have no net angular (spin) velocity about the points, the fluid flow is said to be irrotational. One can imagine a small paddle wheel immersed in a moving fluid. If the wheel

A simplifying argument often used to aid in understanding basic ideas about fluid flow is that of a one-dimensional fluid flow. Further. pressure) vary as a function of one spatial variable (for example. velocity. have been made. or the inviscid flow. In real life. the motion is irrotational.translates (or moves) without rotating. the flow is considered steady and one-dimensional. the flow is rotational. According to a theorem of Hermann von Helmholtz. Fluids with these characteristics are said to be ideal fluids or perfect fluids. . viscosity effects are limited to a small region near the surface of the airfoil and in its wake. The first is that fluid is considered to be inviscid (no viscosity). a German physicist who contributed much to theoretical aerodynamics. if a fluid flow is initially irrotational. Most of the flow may still be treated as irrotational. temperature. y and z) are negligible by comparison. assuming zero viscosity.e. If the wheel rotates in a flow.. it remains irrotational. Flows may be considered one-dimensional where the flow parameters (for example: density. the second is that it is incompressible. length) and variations in the other two spatial dimensions (i. Once solutions of problems relating to the lift and drag of ideal fluids. a solution of the viscous flow in the thin boundary layer allows the effects of skin friction drag to be calculated. simplifying assumptions about fluids are made. To make study of fluids somewhat easier.

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