Management Information System (MIS) An organized approach to the study of the informationneeds of an organization's management at every level in making

operational, tactical, and strategic decisions. Its objective is to design and implement procedures, processes, and routines that provide suitably detailedreports in an accurate, consistent, and timely manner. In a management information system, modern, computerized systems continuously

2. Function of prediction It predicts the future situation by applying modern mathematics, statistics or simulation. 3. Function of plan It arranges reasonably the plans of each functional department in accordance with the restrictions afforded by enterprises and provides the appropriate planning reports according to different management. 4. Function of control It monitors and inspects the operation of plans and comprises with the differences between operation and plan in accordance with the data afforded by every functional department, and be assistant to managers to control timely each method by analyzing the reasons why the differences comes into being. 5. Function of assistance It derivate instantly the best answers of related problems by applying to various of mathematics¶ mode and analyzing a plentiful data stored in computers in the hope of using rationally human resource, financial resource, material resource and information resource for relative abundant economic benefits. Characteristics of MIS: Timeliness: To simplify prompt decision making, an institution's MIS should be capable of providing and distributing current information to appropriate users. Information systems should be designed to expedite reporting of information. The system should be able to quickly collect and edit data, summarize results, and be able to adjust and correct errors promptly.

gather relevant data, both from inside and outside an organization. This data is then processed, integrated, and stored in a centralized database (or data warehouse) where it is constantly updated and made available to all who have the authority to access it, in a form that suits their purpose. As an emerging science, the main task of it is to strengthen the information management of enterprises by taking advantage of modern computer and network communication technology to the largest extent. At present, MIS of enterprises has been the main resort to reform technology and improve the management level; effective, rapid and paperless direction. MIS is generally used for system decisionmaking; find out problems that need to be solved urgently and feedback in time to the superior for the

progress or shortages. Functions of Management Information System 1. Data processing It includes the collection, transmission, storage, processing and output of data. It simplifies the statistics and reduces to the lowest cost by supplying a unified format.


ccuracy: A sound system of automated and manual internal controls must exist throughout all information systems processing activities. Information should receive appropriate editing, balancing, and internal control checks. A comprehensive internal and external audit program should be employed to ensure the adequacy of internal controls. Consistency: To be reliable, data should be processed and compiled consistently and uniformly. Variations in how data is collected and reported can distort information and trend analysis. In addition, because data collection and reporting processes will change over time, management must establish sound procedures to allow for systems changes. These procedures should be well defined and documented, clearly communicated to appropriate employees, and should include an effective monitoring system. Completeness: Decision makers need complete and pertinent information in a summarized form. Reports should be designed to eliminate clutter and voluminous detail, thereby avoiding "information overload."

Relevance Information provided to management must be relevant. Information that is inappropriate, unnecessary, or too detailed for effective decision making has no value. MIS must be appropriate to support the management level using it. The relevance and level of detail provided through MIS systems directly correlate to what is needed by the board of directors, executive management, departmental or area mid-level managers, etc. in the performance of theirjobs.

CFD - computational fluid dynamics CH - chemical engineering & chemistry DB - database DBG - debugger DP - desktop publishing DR - drawing EE - electrical engineering FEA - finite element analysis GL - graphics library GU - GNU utility HE - HTML editor IP - image processing & file format conversion L - language M - mailer & mail utility MA - mathematics MBIO - molecular biology MP - man page reader & doc reader NR - newsreader PDF - PDF viewer PL - plotting PLS - plastics PS - PostScript viewer RA - rendering animation, SH - shell SE - search engine ST - statistics SU - shell utility UT - utility TE - text editor VP - video player WB - WWW browser WS - window system XU - X Window utility



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