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1 Candidate Name: ……………………………………….. Civics Group: ………… TAMPINES JUNIOR COLLEGE JC 2 SEMESTRAL ASSESSMENT 2010 PHYSICS H2 9646 Friday 2 July 2010 3 hr 0800 hr - 1100 hr INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. There are altogether 39 questions in two sections: Section A: 30 Multiple Choice Questions (to be completed in first hour) Section B: 9 Short Structured Questions You are to answer ALL of the questions in Section A and Section B. For Section A, record your choice in soft pencil on the OMS. For Section B, write your answers on the writing paper provided. For numerical answers, all working should be clearly shown. This question paper consists of 25 printed pages. Section Question Maximum Marks A 30 60 1 14 2 10 3 11 4 5 5 9 6 13 7 11 8 10 B (Attempt all questions) 9 17 TOTAL 160 Units s.f. 2 9646 H2 PHYSICS (2010) 3 Section A- Answer all the questions. Write your answers in the optical mark sheet provided. 1 A skydiver steps out of a hovering helicopter. One second later, another skydiver follows, so they both fall along the same vertical line relative to the helicopter. Assume air resistance can be ignored. Knowing that the first skydiver always has a higher velocity, what can you say about the vertical distance between them? A Increases B Decreases C Stays the same D Cannot be determined unless the masses of the two skydivers are known 2 In Fig. 2, a ball was resting on a compressed spring at A. The ball left the spring at B and reached a maximum height at C. Subsequently, the ball returned to B and started compressing the spring until A. The linear kinematics equations cannot be used for analyzing motion from A C A to C B to C to B B D B to C C to B 3 A uniform rod of weight W is hinged to the wall, as shown in Fig. 3. A force F acts to support the rod in a horizontal position. Which diagram correctly shows the contact force R acting on the rod by the wall? A B C C D A B Fig. 3 Fig. 2 4 4 A heavy uniform beam of length 2L is supported by two vertical cords as shown in Fig. 4. What is the ratio of F 1 / F 2 ? A C 1 / 3 2 / 1 B D 1 / 2 3 / 1 5 A person stands on a weighing scale in an elevator which is moving down with increasing speed. The person’s weight is 500 N. What is the reading on the weighing scale? A less than 500 N B 500 N C more than 500 N D increasing from initially less than 500 N to finally more than 500 N 6 An object of unit mass slides down a rough slope inclined at an angle u to the horizontal. If the frictional force is f, its acceleration is A g sin u – f cos u B g cos u – f sin u C g sin u – f D g – f sin u 7 During a 300 m journey, the resultant force F acting on a body varies with displacement as shown in Fig. 7. What is the total work done on the body? A C 50 J 50 000 J B D 150 J 150 000 J F 1 F 2 4/3 L 2/3 L displacement / m F engine / kN 100 200 300 1 - 1 Fig. 7 Fig. 4 F 5 8 Given three setups S1 to S3, as shown in Fig. 8, determine what is the effect of work done by forces F on each system: S1 S2 S3 A only increase in GPE decrease in internal energy increase in KE B increase in KE and GPE increase in internal energy increase in KE C increase in KE but decrease in GPE decrease in internal energy no energy change D only decrease in GPE increase in internal energy no energy change 9 A simple pendulum consists of a bob of mass m at the end of a light and inextensible thread of length L, as shown in Fig. 9. The other end of the thread is fixed at C. The bob swings through point B with velocity v and just reaches A, where the string is just taut. What is the tension in the thread as the bob passes point B? A mg B 2 mg C 3 mg D 4 mg L v A C B Fig. 9 F F F G F G 2 masses with gravitational pull A body of gas trapped in an insulated container moveable piston F F F A single body S1 S2 S3 Fig. 8 ,F G 6 10 An engineer is working in Shanghai, which is at latitude of 31.28 o N as shown in Fig. 10. Assuming the Earth to be a sphere of radius 6380 km, find the engineer’s linear velocity due to the rotation of the Earth about its axis. (Period of rotation of Earth = 86 400 s) A 241 m s -1 B 337 m s -1 C 397 m s -1 D 464 m s -1 11 An object of mass 5.0 kg has a weight of 8.2 N on the surface of the moon. Supposed the radius of the moon is R. What is the gravitational field strength at a point 2.5 R from the centre of the moon? A 0.26 N kg -1 C 0.64 N kg -1 B 0.61 N kg -1 D 1.60 N kg -1 12 Fig. 12 shows two points X and Y at distances L and 2L from the centre of the earth. The gravitational potential at X is - 8 kJ kg -1 . When a 1 kg mass is taken from X to Y the work done on the mass is A -4 kJ B -2 kJ C +2 kJ D +4 kJ Earth’s axis of rotation equator 31.28 o Shanghai Fig. 10 X Earth Y 2L L Fig. 12 7 13 In Fig. 13, two horizontal conducting plates R and S are a fixed distance apart. Plate S is at potential +V with respect to plate R. MN is a line perpendicular to the plates. Fig. 13 Which graph shows how the magnitude E of the electric field strength varies along the line MN? 14 A battery of e.m.f E and internal resistance r delivers a current I through a resistance R as in Fig. 14. R is set at two different values and the corresponding currents I are measured using an ammeter of negligible resistance. R/Ω I/A 1.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 What is the value of the internal resistance r of the battery in Ω? A 1.0 B 1.5 C 3.0 D 6.0 E r R Fig. 14 A +V S N M R 0 A B C D E 0 N M E 0 N M E 0 N M E 0 N M 8 15 The flow of current in a conducting liquid is due to singly charged positive and negative ions (i.e magnitude of the charge 1.6 x 10 -19 C). A current of 1.00 mA flows in a sample of the liquid. If 5.00 x 10 15 negative ions flow pass a particular cross section of the liquid per unit time, calculate the number of positive ions flowing pass the same cross section per unit time. A 1.25 x 10 15 s -1 B 2.75 x 10 15 s -1 C 5.25 x 10 15 s -1 D 6.25 x 10 15 s -1 16 In the circuit shown in Fig. 16, the variable resistance is decreased. Which of the following shows how the current and the potential difference across R changes? Fig. 16 current p.d. across R A increase increase B increase decrease C decrease increase D decrease decrease 17 When you look at the end of an insulated wire, you can see many strands of fine copper wires as shown in Fig. 17 below. Fig. 17 For a particular piece of insulated wire, it is known that the resistance of each fine strand of copper wire inside has a resistance of 1.0 O and there are 20 fine wire strands inside, what is the overall resistance of the insulated wire? A 20 O B 2 O C 50 mO D 5 mO 9 18 Fig. 18 shows a circuit for measuring the e.m.f of a cell E which has an internal resistance of 0.50 O. The 2.00 V cell has an internal resistance is of 1.00 O . There is zero current in the galvanometer G when the variable resistor is set at 3.00 O. What is the e.m.f of cell E ? A 0.31 V B 1.0 V C 2.0 V D 3.3 V 19 A 70 cm horizontal conductor carrying a current of 0.20 A is in a region of magnetic field of 0.50 T which is inclined at 30 0 to the vertical, as shown in Fig. 19. What is the magnetic force acting on the conductor? A Zero B 0.035 N C 0.061 N D 0.070 N 20 A conductor moves horizontally along two metal railings with a constant velocity of 1.5 m s -1 in a region where there is a vertical magnetic field of 2.0 T into the plane of the paper. The railings are 2.0 m apart. A resistor R of 5.0 Ω is connected across the two railings as shown in Fig. 20. Calculate the current that flows through R, assuming the resistance of the conductor and the railings is negligible. A 0.60 A B 1.2 A C 6.0 A D 30 A X B R 2.0 m Fig. 20 30 0 Fig. 19 Cell E Fig. 18 1.00 O 2.00 V 2.00 O G 0.50 O 10 21 A copper disc is given an initial angular velocity of ω so that it spins about an axis through its centre. The disc is in a region of uniform magnetic field that is perpendicular to the disc. Assuming no frictional force acts on the disc, which of the following statements is correct? A B C D All points on the rim of the disc are at the same potential. An e.m.f is induced across every diameter of the disc. An induced current will flow in the disc in a radial direction. The disc will slow down. 22 A generator, with output power P and output voltage V, is connected to a factory by transmission cables of total resistance R. What is the power input to the factory? A C R V P P | . | \ | ÷ R V P P 2 | . | \ | ÷ B D R V P P | . | \ | + R V P P 2 | . | \ | + 23 A direct current I o flowing through a heating coil produces a power output of P. What is the power output in the same heating coil by an alternating current with a peak value of ½ I o ? A C P P 4 1 B D P 2 1 P 8 1 24 In a shooting game, a gun fires at a moving target as shown in Fig. 24. The gun fires by itself at random times. The player has to point the gun in a fixed direction, and the target moves from side to side with simple harmonic motion. At which region should the player take a fixed aim in order to score the greatest number of hits? A B C D 3 either 1 or 5 either 2 or 4 any of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 1 2 3 4 5 target Fig. 24 11 25 An object is moving with simple harmonic motion. As it moves towards its maximum displacement, the A B C D acceleration and potential energy increase. acceleration and total energy increase. velocity and potential energy decrease. velocity and potential energy increase. 26 Fig. 26 shows two points P and Q situated on plane progressive waves of wavelength 5.0 m. If the distance between them is 3.0 m and the straight line joining them is inclined at an angle of 60° to the direction of propagation of the waves, find the phase difference at any instant between the waves at the two points. A 54° B 72° C 108° D 216° 27 Fringes of separation y are observed in a plane 2.00 m from a Young’s double-slit arrangement illuminated by orange light of wavelength 600 nm. At what distance from the slits would fringes of the same separation y be observed when using blue light of wavelength 400 nm? A B C D 0.67 m 1.33 m 1.50 m 3.00 m 28 Monochromatic light of wavelength 6 × 10 ÷7 m is incident normally on a plane diffraction grating with 5 × 10 5 lines per metre. The total number of directions in which a bright line is produced is A B C D 3 6 7 9 5.0 m Direction of propagation 60° P Q 3.0 m Fig. 26 12 29 Which of the following statements is true when photoelectric effect occurs? A B C D The maximum speed with which electrons are emitted is proportional to the intensity of the incident light. The number of electrons emitted per second is proportional to the intensity of the incident light. The maximum energy of the emitted electrons increases with the wavelength of the incident light. The wavelength of the incident light must be greater than a certain threshold value. 30 In a photoelectric experiment, a stopping potential V s must be applied between the irradiated surface and the collector to prevent any electrons from reaching the collector. The stopping potential is plotted for various frequencies of the incident radiation and the graph of which is shown in Fig. 30 below. Fig. 30 Deduce an expression for the Planck constant from the graph. A C 1 eV 1 1 0 eV f f ÷ B D 1 1 0 ( ) eV f f ÷ 0 ------------------------------------------------ End of Section A ----------------------------------------------------- 0 0 f s / V V / Hz f 1 V 1 f 13 Section B– Answer ALL questions in this section 31 This question concerns three different fields, namely gravitational field, electric field and magnetic field. (a) (i) Two identical point masses are placed at points X and Y as shown. In Fig 31.1 below, indicate the direction of the resultant gravitational field at point Z, which is equidistant from the two points. [1] (ii) The two identical point masses in (i) are replaced by two particles carrying charges of +Q (at X) and –Q (at Y) as shown. In Fig. 31.2 below, indicate the direction of the resultant electric field at point Z, which is equidistant from the two points. [1] (iii) Now the two particles in (ii) are replaced by two current carrying conductors with current of the same magnitude I. For the wire at X, the current is into the plane of the paper whereas for the wire at Y, the current is pointing out of the plane of the paper. In Fig 31.3, indicate the direction of the resultant magnetic field at point Z which is equidistant from the two points. [1] X Y Z Fig 31.1 X Y Z Fig 31.2 X Y Z Fig 31.3 14 (b) (i) State the magnitude and direction of the force on a particle of mass m and charge -q when it is at rest in (1) a gravitational field of gravitational field strength of g. [1] (2) an electric field of electric field strength of E. [1] (3) a magnetic field of magnetic flux density of B. [1] (ii) State the magnitude and direction of the force on this same particle when it is moving with velocity v in a direction normal to (1) a gravitational field of gravitational field strength of g. [1] (2) a electric field of electric field strength of E. [1] (3) a magnetic field of magnetic flux density of B. [2] (c) An oil droplet was held stationary between two metal plates across which there is a potential difference as shown in Fig 31.4 below. (i) On Fig 31.4, show and label the forces acting on the oil drop. [2] (ii) Given that the oil drop has a mass of 3.0 x 10 –15 kg and the electric field strength required to hold the oil drop stationary was 4.6 x 10 4 V m –1 . Calculate charge on the oil drop. [2] Fig 31.4 15 32 A student throws a ball vertically upwards and it returns to him in 3.0 s. The same ball is thrown again at the same speed but this time at an angle of 45 o to the horizontal as shown in Fig. 32.1. a) (i) Ignoring air resistance, show that the initial velocity of the ball is 14.7 m s -1 [1] (ii) Calculate the time taken for the ball, in the second throw, to return to its height of release. [2] b) For the second throw, using the axes provided in Fig. 32.2, sketch a graph of the vertical component of the velocity of the ball against time from the moment it is thrown until it returns to its height of release. Indicate clearly the values on both axes of the graph. [3] v / m s -1 t / s 45 o Fig. 32.1 Fig. 32.2 16 c) Determine, with the aid of the graph drawn in (b) or otherwise, the maximum vertical displacement of the ball from its point of release. [2] d) Using the axes provided in Fig. 32.2 , sketch another graph if air resistance is not ignored. [2] 33 (a) State the Principle of Flotation. ……………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………… [1] (b) A boat, having a total mass of 5.0 x 10 3 kg, enters a water canal with a constant drag force of 86 N. Calculate i) the driving force and power needed to move the boat with a constant velocity of 3.0 m s -1 , [2] ii) the upthrust on the boat when it is floating in equilibrium, [1] iii) volume of the boat below the water line. (density of water = 1000 kg m -3 ) [2] (c) The power of the boat is increased to another constant value. (i) State the initial effect on the driving force. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. 17 (ii) Explain the subsequent motion of the boat. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. (iii) Discuss whether the boat will reach constant velocity again. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [5] 34 (a) A satellite of mass 3.9 x 10 3 kg is placed initially in an orbit of radius 1.0 x 10 7 m around Earth. Fig. 34 shows the variation of the gravitational force F on the satellite with orbital radius R. Fig. 34 (i) Show that the data given in Fig. 34 are consistent with the inverse square law for the variation of force with distance. [2] . 18 (ii) Using the data given in Fig. 34, find the change in potential energy which occurs when the satellite moves to a new orbit of 4.5 x 10 7 m. [3] 35 (a) Define the tesla. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [2] A common way of investigating charged particles is to observe how they move in a plane at right angles to a uniform magnetic field of magnetic flux density. Fig. 35 shows the path of a certain particle of mass 9.0 x 10 -31 kg moving in a magnetic field of flux density 0.85 mT. (b) Explain how the sign of the charge of the particle may be deduced. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [3] Region of uniform magnetic field into the paper Fig. 35 19 (c) The radius of the path on entry into the field is measured to be 5.2 cm. Calculate the velocity of the particle as it enters the field, assuming that the magnitude of the charge is 1.60 x 10 -19 C. [3] (d) Suggest why the path spiral inwards. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [1] 36 (a) State Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law for electromagnetic induction. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [2] (b) A vertical square coil of wire has a resistance of 2.3 Ω and the length of one side is 6.0 cm. It is in a region of horizontal magnetic field of magnetic flux density 0.35 T as shown in Fig. 36. It is released from rest and allowed to fall under its own weight. The coil falls through a distance of 1.5 m before the lower side of it starts to leave the magnetic field. Ignore air resistance and assume that this experiment is conducted near the surface of the earth. 20 (i) Calculate the velocity of the coil just as it leaves the magnetic field. [2] (ii) Calculate the initial current that flows through the coil and state its direction. [4] (iii) Explain why the acceleration of the coil changes as it moves out of the magnetic field, using the laws of electromagnetic induction. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [5] x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Fig. 36 21 37 (a) The Singapore Flyer comprises a 150 m diameter wheel, with its lowest point at a height of 15 m above the ground and it takes 37 minutes to complete a revolution. The variation of height h above the ground, with time t of a passenger in a capsule of the Flyer may be represented by a sinusoidal graph as shown in Fig 37. (i) State the values of h 1 , h 2 and T. [3] (ii) The nearby Marina Barrage becomes visible to a passenger at a height of 25.0 m above the ground. Determine the duration for which the Barrage remains visible to the passenger. [4] h / m t / s h 1 h 2 T Fig. 37 22 (b) Using energy considerations, suggest why it is difficult to drive a capsule at constant speed. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [4] 38 (a) State three conditions that must be satisfied for the waves from the two sources to produce an observable interference pattern. [3] ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. (b) Fig 38.1 shows the interference of identical waves from two coherent sources. On Fig. 38.1, draw (i) a line between AB and CD to show one direction along which the waves have maximum amplitude. [1] (ii) another line between AB and CD along which the path difference between the two waves is 1.5 wavelengths. [1] A Fig. 38.1 B D C 23 (iii) State the waveform that is produced between the two sources as a result of interference. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [1] (c) In an experiment to measure speed of sound in air, a speaker emits sound waves of frequency 1024 Hz into a cylinder as shown in Fig. 38.2. As the piston is slowly retracted, loud sounds are heard when it is at a distance of 7.0 cm and then again at 23.0 cm from the rim of the cylinder. Use the data provided to determine the speed of sound in air. [4] 39 (a) A source of ultra-violet radiation of frequency 1.308 x 10 15 Hz is incident on a zinc plate. Photoelectrons are emitted from this plate and are collected by another plate. When the collecting plate is set at a higher electric potential than the illuminated zinc plate, it is found that the photoelectric current reaches a maximum value no matter how large the potential difference is. Conversely, when the collecting plate has a lower electric potential than the illuminated plate, the photoelectric current drops to zero. Explain why the current reaches a maximum despite increasing the potential difference between the plates. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [2] Sound source Fig. 38.2 piston 24 (b) The experiment is repeated by increasing the intensity of illumination, keeping the frequency of radiation constant. (i) On the graph in Fig. 39, sketch how the new graph would appear. The original graph is shown on the axes in Fig. 39. i 0 V s [2] (ii) Explain the effect on the saturation current, i 0 and stopping potential, V s . ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [3] (c) (i) The maximum kinetic energy of a photoelectron emitted by the above emitter is 4.97 x 10 -19 J, calculate the threshold frequency for photoelectrons to be emitted. [3] Potential difference between emitter and collector Photocurrent, i Fig. 39 25 (ii) If the saturation current i 0 is found to be 7.2 uA and at this frequency of 1.308 x 10 15 Hz, one in three of the incident photons ejects an electron from the cathode, find the power of the incident light. [4] (d) A photon from the above ultraviolet radiation strikes the emitter normally and reflects normally. If the collision is elastic, calculate the magnitude of the change of momentum of the photon. [3] ------------------------------------------------------ End of Paper -----------------------------------------------------