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ICAO Document 8071 Manual on Testing of Radio Navigation Aids L. Nelson Spohnheimer, US FAA ICAO Nav Systems Panel Introductory Graphics Darcy Sun Conure Tootsie Senegal Sophie Solomon Island Eclectus ICAO Doc 8071 • Contains ground and flight testing guidance • Volume 1 -- Conventional navaids except MLS, last published early 1970’s • Volume 2 -- GNSS (SatNav) – ABAS - Aircraft-Based Augmentation Systems – SBAS -- Space-Based Augmentation Systems – GBAS -- Ground-Based Augmentation Systems • Separate Volume, unchanged -- MLS Doc 8071 Study Group • 1995 -- All Weather Operations Panel formed TRNSG (Testing of Radio Navigation Aids Study Group) to revise Doc 8071 – Initially 11 countries, 15 participants • 2004 -- Navigation Systems Panel formed CN&TSG (Conventional NavAids & Testing Subgroup) to continue Doc 8071 work – Membership expanded Doc 8071 Meetings TRNSG Meetings - Vol. 1 • TRNSG/1, Montreal, 10/95 -- conceptual – Informal, IFIS, Braunschweig, 06/96 -- conceptual • TRNSG/2, Montreal, 04/98 – Informal, IFIS, Seattle, 06/98 – Informal, Montreal, 01/99 - final editing meeting • TRNSG/3, Montreal, 03/00 -- reviewed Vol 1, began Volume 2, with major contribution from informal SatNav group TRNSG Meetings - Vol. 2 • TRNSG/3, Montreal, 03/00 -- began Volume 2 – Informal, IFIS, Santiago, June 2000 • TRNSG/4, Florida, 02/01, • TRNSG5, Montreal, 03/02 – Informal, IFIS, Rome, 06/02 • TRNSG/5.5, Toulouse, 02/03 (GBAS Subgroup) • TRNSG/6, Atlantic City, 08/03 CN&TSG Meetings - Vol. 1 & 2 • 1st Meeting, CN&TSG, Toulouse, 03/04 – Preparation for St. Petersburg NSP Meeting 05/04 – Review of outstanding issues with Doc 8071 • Conventional and SatNav – Review of work items on conventional navaids identified by TRNSG, 11th ANC and NSP WG1: • DME, VOR, ILS, MLS • 2nd Meeting, CN&TSG, St. Petersburg, 05/04 Doc 8071 Volume 1 • “Testing of Ground-Based Radio Navigation Systems”, 4th Edition published 2000 • Complete rewrite -- General Contents – – – – Ch 1 -- General, Ch 2 -- VOR Ch 3 -- DME Ch 4 -- ILS – – – – Ch 5 -- NDB Ch 6 -- Enroute Markers Ch 7 -- PAR Ch 8 -- Instrument Flight Procedures – Appendix A -- ITU Recommendation ITU-R IL.1140, Nav Receiver RFI testing for FM Broadcast Immunity, 108-118 MHz. – Appendix B -- ITU Recommendation ITU-R IS.1009-1, Compatibility RFI between FM Broadcast and Aeronautical Services, 108-137 MHz. Changes to Volume 1 • Hazardously Misleading Information (HMI) -5/01 ICAO State Letter • New issues accumulated during Volume 2 meetings and discussions – – – – VOR Orbits ILS Flyability Calibration requirements for Marker Beacons Protection of Navaids from Multipath (e.g., Wind Farms, Hangars, etc.) Doc 8071 Volume 2 • “Testing of Satellite-Based Radio Navigation Systems”, 4th Edition draft published 2002, Rome IFIS, Chapters 1 and 2 only, with request for comments – Ch 1 -- General • Attachment 1 -- Flight Inspection Aircraft • Attachment 2 -- Documentation and Data Recording • Attachment 3 -- (GNSS) Interference Issues RFI • Attachment 4 -- GNSS System Descriptions – Ch 2 -- ABAS, Non-Precision Approach (NPA) Procedures Doc 8071 Volume 2 Cont’d • Ch 3 -- SBAS (Procedures), ready for publication. . . • System Description • Ground Testing – System testing outside scope of 8071, to be performed by service provider or host States – Airport Survey Accuracy – GNSS Interference Testing (covered in Chapter 1) RFI – Ground Test Requirements for SBAS Procedures & Final Approach Segment Accuracy Doc 8071 Volume 2 Cont’d • Ch 3 SBAS Contents (cont’d) • Airborne Testing (of SBAS Procedures) – Pre-departure checks – In-flight activities -- maneuvering, procedure validation, interference RFI – Reports and report forms – Test equipment -- position-fixing system not required, stand-alone SBAS receiver or FMS must have manual entry capability, some parameter outputs recommended Doc 8071 Volume 2 Cont’d • Ch 4 -- GBAS, recognized incomplete, will be updated after more experience, 2007 target date • System Description – Accuracy assessments on ground, in-flight optional • Ground Testing – – – – – Accuracy (statistical, procedure TBD, proposed 24 hours) Broadcast Signal-in-Space integrity parameters Ranging interference RFI VHF Data Broadcast (VDB) Parameters Monitoring Doc 8071 Volume 2 Cont’d • Ch 4 GBAS Contents (cont’d) • Airborne Testing – Definition of when required (6 events) Details – Pre-departure checks & In-flight activities (maneuvering, procedure validation, interference, coverage, identification, data content) RFI – Position accuracy (optional, position-fixing required) – Charts and reports – Test equipment (receiver appropriate for phase of flight, with modifications (e.g., operate in test mode, parameter outputs), positionfixing system for Cat II/III, data logging equipment Future Work Plan for CN&TSG • Update and maintenance of Doc 8071 • Review and update of SARPs for conventional navaids • Review and update of guidance material for conventional navaids • RNAV – including update to SARPs to support application of DME in RNAV operations • Next (NSP) meeting – October 2004, Montreal End -- Doc 8071 Update Thank you for listening! Questions? Next Speaker -- Alessandro Capretti, Technical Officer ICAO CNS Section Topic: RFI Next End -- Doc 8071 Update Thank you for listening! Questions? Next Speaker -- Alessandro Capretti, Technical Officer ICAO CNS Section Topic: RFI End -- Doc 8071 Update Thank you for listening! Questions? Next Speaker -- Alessandro Capretti, Technical Officer ICAO CNS Section Topic: RFI SBAS Flight Testing Requirements • Prior to commissioning, each runway served and each approach • If interference reported/suspected and ground testing cannot confirm elimination of the source RFI • If procedure modified or new procedure introduced • If changes to GBAS config occur such as the location of the GBAS ground subsystem antenna phase-center, the location of the data link transmit antenna, or the system database • If site changes occur with potential to impact GNSS signal reception and data broadcast transmission • Following certain maintenance activities • If periodic flight tests are desired, parameters and intervals will be determined by individual states Back SBAS Flight Testing Requirements • Prior to commissioning, each runway served and each approach • If interference reported/suspected and ground testing cannot confirm elimination of the source RFI • If procedure modified or new procedure introduced • If changes to GBAS config occur such as the location of the GBAS ground subsystem antenna phase-center, the location of the data link transmit antenna, or the system database • If site changes occur with potential to impact GNSS signal reception and data broadcast transmission • Following certain maintenance activities • If periodic flight tests are desired, parameters and intervals will be determined by individual states Back SBAS Flight Testing Requirements • Prior to commissioning, each runway served and each approach • If interference reported/suspected and ground testing cannot confirm elimination of the source RFI • If procedure modified or new procedure introduced • If changes to GBAS config occur such as the location of the GBAS ground subsystem antenna phase-center, the location of the data link transmit antenna, or the system database • If site changes occur with potential to impact GNSS signal reception and data broadcast transmission • Following certain maintenance activities • If periodic flight tests are desired, parameters and intervals will be determined by individual states Back