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What is stress?

Definition of Stress The word stress is derived from the Latin word "stringi", which means, "to be drawn tight". Stress can be defined as follows: Definition of Stress : 1 In medical terms stress is described as, "a physical or psychological stimulus that can produce mental tension or physiological reactions that may lead to illness." When you are under stress, your adrenal gland releases corticosteroids, which are converted to cortisol in the blood stream. Cortisol have an immune suppressive effect in your body. Another Definition of Stress According to Richard S Lazarus, stress is a feeling experienced when a person thinks that "the demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize." Your body tries to adjust to different circumstances or continually changing environment around you. In this process, the body is put to extra work resulting in "wear and tear". In other worfds, your body is stressed. Stress disturbs the body's normal way of functioning. Most of us experience stress at one time or another. Without stress, there would be no life. However, excessive or prolonged stress can be harmful. Stress is unique and personal. A situation may be stressful for someone but the same situation may be challenging for others. For example, arranging a world level symposium may be challenging for one person but stressful to another. Some persons have habit of worrying unnecessarily. Stress is not always necessarily harmful. Hans Selye said in 1956, "stress is not necessarily something bad – it all depends on how you take it. The stress of exhilarating, creative successful work is beneficial, while that of failure, humiliation or infection is detrimental." Stress can be therefore negative, positive or neutral. Passing in an examination can be just stressful as failing. Sometime we know in advance that doing a certain thing will be stressful, but we are willing to doing that. For example, while planning a vacation to a hill station you know that it would be stressful at certain times. But you are willing to face those challenges.

. This stress is due to poverty. hypertension. stomach problems. 1. meeting deadlines pressure or minor accident. You should know your level of stress that allows you to perform optimally in your life. broken or stressed families and marriages. Symptoms of this type of tension are headaches. If this situation continues for a long time. back pain. chest pain and heart disease. Symptoms of this type of stress are prolonged tension headaches. People suffering from this type of stress get used to it and may even not realize that they are under chronic stress. Chronic stress is a prolonged stress that exists for weeks. migraines. The situation may not be under your control. increased physical activity. 2. disorganized.People often work well under certain stress leading to increased productivity. or even years. chronic illness and successive failures in life. then our body is working overtime. Types of Stress Three types of stress may be distinguished: Acute stress Acute stress is usually for short time and may be due to work pressure. 3. rapid heartbeat. These people are generally in positions of importance at their workplace and stressful lifestyle is inherent in them. muscle aches or body pain. Chronic Stress This type of stress is the most serious of all the 3 stress types. or similar things. Causes of Stress Whenever our body feels something not favourable. Acute Stress Acute stress is common in people who take too many responsibilities and are overloaded or overworked. over exertion. searching something but you misplaced it. Many times you do not know in advance and the stress periods may be sudden. months. Too much stress is harmful. always in a hurry and never in time. It is very harmful to their health. then it tries to defend itself.

o Moving house. o Children's educational performance. Look at the following causes of stress. o New workhours. o Pregnancy or birtgh of a new baby. o To give new results. o Your relationship with colleagues. o Change of place or change of city or change of country. o Not sufficient money to meet out daily expenses or unexpected expenditure. worried about your job security. o Injury or illness of any family member. o Hyperactive children. o Separation or divorce from partner. . family. o Argument or heated conversations with spouse. o Not sufficient money to raise youyr standard of living. o Working overtime and on holidays. o Loss of money in burglary. o Sexual molestation. o To control staff under you. worried about the illness of your father. o Excessive work pressure. You may be under stress due to several causes. or worried about your loans or similar things. o To produce new publications if you are in research area. family members or friends or neighbors. o To meet out deadlines. o Support you receive from your boss. worried about your children. o To train your staff and take work from them. o Marriage of self or son or daughter or brother or sister. Causes of Stress at Home o Death of spouse. you are under stress when you are worried about something. colleagues and juniors. 2. pick-pocketed or share market. Causes of Stress at Work o To meet out the demands of the job. near relative or friend.There are several causes of stress. o Children's behavior or disobedience. For example. 1.

o Work against will.3. Promotion or you have not been promoted or your junior has superseded you. o Threats: physical threats. o Somebody misunderstands you. o . other threats. o Harassment. Other Causes of Stress o Fear. o Setback to your position in society. intermittent or continuous. o Uncertainty. o Argument or heated conversations with co-workers or boss. social threats. o Change of job. o Lack of sleep. o Sexual molestation. financial threat.