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INTRODUCTION: When India gained independence, its economy was groveling in dust. The British had left the Indian economy crippled and the fathers of development formulated 5 years plan to develop the Indian economy. The five years plan in India is framed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India. Currently, India is in its 11th five year plan. The Tenth Five Year Plan India (2002-2007) aims to transform the country into the fastest growing economy of the world and targets an annual economic growth of 10%. This was decided after India registered a 7% GDP growth consistently over the last decade. This GDP growth of 7% is much higher than the world's average GDP growth rate. Thus, the Planning Commission of India sought to stretch the limit and set targets which would propel India to the super league of industrially developed countries.

Emphasis was laid on corporate transparency and It sought to reduce poverty ratio by 5 percentage

improving the infrastructure.

points by 2007and increase in literacy rates to 75 per cent by the end of the plan.

the Tenth Five Year Plan India envisages • • • • • • • • More investor friendly flexible economic reforms Creation of congenial investment environment Encourage private sector involvement Setting up state-of-the-art infrastructure Capacity building in industry Corporate transparency Mobilizing and optimizing all financial resources Implementation of friendly industrial policy instruments OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the 10th Five-Year Plan were: • Reduction of poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by 2007. • All children in India in school by 2003. . • Providing gainful and high-quality employment at least to the addition to the labour force. • Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50% by 2007.• Increase in forest and tree cover to 25 per cent by 2007 and all villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water. In a nutshell. all children to complete 5 years of schooling by 2007.

• Increase in Literacy Rates to 75 per cent within the Tenth Plan period (2002 to 2007). • Economic Growth further accelerated during this period and crosses over 8% by 2006. • Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007 and other notified stretches by 2012. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE PLAN: NEW DELHI: Following are the highlights of the 10th Five Year Plan approved by the National Development Council (NDC): • 8 per cent average GDP growth for the period 2002-07 • Creation of 50 million employment opportunities in the next 5 years • Reduction of poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by 2007 and by 15 percentage points by 2012 . • Reduction of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) to 2 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 1 by 2012.2%. • All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water within the Plan period. • Reduction of Infant mortality rate (IMR) to 45 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 28 by 2012. • Increase in forest and tree cover to 25 per cent by 2007 and 33 per cent by 2012.• Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.

particularly those. which are working well below capacity • The policy of disinvestment of public sector undertakings should be pursued so as to enable the realisation of Rs 16.• Emphasis to be placed on completion of partially completed or on-going projects and upgradation of existing capital assets before starting new projects • Rapid privatisation of Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs).2 per cent • Increase in literacy rates to 75 per cent within the Plan period • Increase in forest and tree cover t 25 per cent by 2007 and 33 per cent by 2012 • All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water within the Plan period .000 crore per annum to finance the plan • Progressive reduction in fertiliser subsidy as well as elimination of petroleum subsidy • Food subsidy should be better targeted through targeted public distribution system and specific programmes for the poor like Food for Work Programme • Curtailment of pay and allowance bill of the Government • All children in school by 2003. all children to complete 5 years of schooling by 2007 • Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50 per cent by 2007 • Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.

including such measures as repeal of Sick Industrial Companies (SPecial Provision) Act (SICA). reducing expenditure by cutting administrative and establishment cost and privatisation and through Centre's initiative switching over to ad valorem rates of royalty on minerals • Reducing staff strength through adoption of policy of net attrition and constituting a pension and amortisation fund to make committed payments like terminal benefits and debt servicing.• Legal and procedural changes for facilitating quick transfer of assets. harmonisation of tax rates. removal of tax exemptions and concessions. accelerating judicial processes • Lower tariffs on imports to remove anti-export bias • Rationalisation of the domestic tax structure. introduction of a bankruptcy law. and the consequent simplification of the export promotion regime • Evolve a positive agenda for its future negotiations at the WTO • Improving tax/GDP ratio of the Centre and states through inclusion of services in tax base. facilitating foreclosure. and adopting an integrated VAT regime • Reduction of budget-based subsidies by raising user charges of departmental services. self-financing • Enacting a 'Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management' bill under which borrowings shall be restricted to attain a non-rising debt to GDP ratio from current levels in order to . tightening of tax administration.

5 billion dollars • Exemptions under corporate tax should be progressively eliminated • Single excise rate • Expansion of service tax net • Alignment should be made of customs tariff rates with average Asian rates • Exemptions and concessions that distort the tariff structure should be eliminated • Improvement of the operational efficiency of railways and .term financing of small and medium enterprises • Removal of government and Reserve Bank of India restrictions on financing of stocking and trading • Calibration of the cost of borrowed funds for enhancing competitiveness • Essential Commodities Act should be repealed and replaced by an emergency act • Encouraging Foreign Direct Investment so as to achieve the annual target of 7.reduce the burden of interest payments • Improving internal resources of states' PSUs by implementing power sector reforms and reducing the burden of contingent liabilities on state budgets through a legislative or administrative ceiling on the issue of state guarantees • Simplifying laws and procedures for investment • Eliminating inter-state barriers to trade and commerce • Reforming development financial institutions for long.

ACHIEVEMENTS The highlights of the achievements of this Ministry are as follows: .power sector units • Reduction in staff strength and constitution of a pension and amortisation fund to make committed payments like terminal benefits and debt servicing self-financing • User charges must be raised to cost-recover levels • Project based assistance needs to be encouraged • Rationalisation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSSs) and Central Sector Schemes (CSs) using zero based budgeting • Railway Tariff Regulatory Authority needed to oversee the pricing of passenger and freight traffic services • Opening of civil aviation sector and setting up a regulatory framework for the sector • Adoption of integrated approach to improvement in agriculture sector by utilising waste and degraded lands SECTORS AND SOCIAL WELFARE IN 10TH 5YR PLAN: Important sectors covered by the government in this 10th 5yr plan are as follows: • Education • Youth and sports • Women welfare programmes • Employment opportunities • Encouragement of NGO’s activities.

Level of Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan of States/Uts increased from Rs. 500 crore in 2001-2002. 1040 crore in 2001-2002. Close monitoring is being done to ensure full and proper utilization of the funds provided to the States/U. Major shift in the procedure for release of grants has been made. provides grants for skill development programmes for STs and fill the unit. 300 crore in 2001-2002. provides grants for skill development programmes for STs and fill the critical gaps by providing backward and forward linkages for activities undertaken by STs whose family income does not exceed double the poverty line income limit. 10 lakh per unit. 630 crore in 1999-2000 to Rs. Grants are now released . 810 crore in 2000-2001 and Rs. 400 crore in 2000-2001 to Rs.The allocation of funds for various schemes/programmes for tribal development has been increased from Rs. Level of grant-in-aid to States under art. A National Scheduled Tribes Financial and Development Corporation (NSTFDC) has been set up with an authorised share capital of Rs.Ts. 200 crore in 2000-01 to Rs. NSTFDC is an apex institution for financing economically viable projects for Scheduled Tribes and extends financial assistance at concessional rate for income-generating schemes costing upto Rs. representing an increased of 65% over the year 1999-2000. 275(1) of the Constitution increased from Rs. 500 crore.

housing. . to improve the quality of education being imparted to tribal students.for specific infrastructure and other projects after discussion with the State Governments to achieve better targeting of the expenditure. 200 school and hostel buildings 1600 class rooms.03 Crore were released during Tenth Five Year Plan for various activities viz. 105. 275(1) of the Constitution. 50 community centres. land development. Rs. Encouragement is being given to performing NGOs by entrusting need based projects in service deficient tribal areas .16 Crore under the scheme of "Grant-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations" which benefited about 4.63 lakh scheduled tribe people. out of which 12 schools are already under operation. 100 Residential Schools proposed to be set up during the 9th Plan period by utilising part of the allocation for grant-in-aid under art. Funds provided to State Governments/Uts for construction/improvement of about 1400 kms of roads in tribal areas. rural electrification. 75 Residential Schools have already been sanctioned.146. For the development of Primitive Tribal Groups. 250 staff quarters for schools. about 510 projects of NGos were provided financial assistance to the tune of Rs. land distribution. culverts/cause-ways and rural irrigation projects. and also for drinking water facility. During Tenth Five Year Plan.

with an amount of the Tribal Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (TRIFED) procured and marketed minor .34 Crore which benefited 9646 ST girls. technical and nonprofessional/non-technical courses extended to Rs.24. including professional. etc. Besides this. Construction of 36 Ashram Schools sanctioned Durings Tenth Five Year Plan.66 lakh ST students during 2000-2001. health.6. 30.35 Crore to States and Rs. lives of heads of 409500 number of PTG families were insured under "Janshree Beema Yojanna" of Life Insurance Corporation of India. During Tenth Five Year Plan. agriculture/horticulture development. Construction of 92 boys and 40 girls hostels sanctioned. total 29113 ST youths were provided vocational training through State Government and NGO run institutions (21583 youths trained through States and 7530 through NGOs) with a financial support of Rs. 3.33.63 Crore (Rs.28 Crore to NGOs). Post-Matric Scholarship for pursuing post-matriculation courses. In order to secure higher earning and generate employment opportunity to the tribals. 84 educational complexes for Scheduled Tribe (ST) girls were supported in identified low literacy districts through NGOs and autonomous societies of the State Governments. taken up through State Governments and NGOs.

forest produce in the order of Rs. 76 crore and Rs. ________________________________ . 78 crore during 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 respectively CONCLUSION: Thus in this tenth 5 yr plan the government has achieved its goals in selected sectors and further continuation of the plans of the other sectors are taken into consideration by the government.

Social Work Profession Assignment – 1 Topic: “Tenth Five Year Plan” (20th October 2009) By N.Suriya Karthic k S. .