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Social work research Social research –

Social research is the systematic observation and /or collection of information to find or impose a pattern, to make a decision or take some action. McDermott (1996) says thatWould be research that arises from a particular theorization of the acting subject within his/her social, political and economic context. Would be research that privileges the research process as an intervention leading to the possibility of constructive change. Would be research that enable the participation of the researched- the poor, the vulnerable, the oppressed and those who interact with them. There are different kinds of research – Quantitative research Qualitative research Feminist research Postmodern research

Quantitative research
Quantitative researchers typically use techniques such as surveys, questionnaires and structured observations. Using statistics, they analyze the information they have collected to see if their ideas about patterns or relationships are supported by ‘the facts’ as revealed in their research. Because they are interested in truth and discovering natural ‘laws’ of the society, quantitative researchers place great importance on whether the people they study are representative of the whole population and whether their results can be applied to this larger group. Various sampling and statistical techniques are used in attempts to ensure that conclusions can be generalized to all people in the population and not just to those who were included in the particular study. ExamplesCensus Large opinion polls Some forms of evaluation

quantitative methods distort reality. Qualitative researchers aim to discover universal social laws. According to qualitative researchers. and further exploration and discussion of themes with the people with whom they are researching. immersion in the world of the researched. From careful observations. perspectives and meanings that are important to the people being researched. assumptions and social constructions of researcher rather than the perspective of the people being researcher. This is sometimes called as grounded theory (Strauss 1990). in-depth interviews. or which receives awards from organizations that give awards for feminist research. qualitative researchers build their theories from the patterns they observe in their data. Instead. Feminist researchReinharz (1992) defines feminist methodology as the sum of feminist research methods. feminist research is a research which is done by researches who claim to be feminist or which are published in explicitly feminist journals and books. they generalize their results using theory. ExampleA researcher spends several months’ hanging around’ with a gang of street kids to investigate their lifestyle and the issues that are important to them.Qualitative researchThey begin their research with no preconceived ideas. Thus Qualitative researcher might conduct very flexible. Qualitative research can be understood only in the context in which it is experienced and can never be captured in artificially structured questionnaires. and a range of other techniques.thus their approach is inductive: moving from specific observations or interactions to general ideas and theories. . In her definition. and allow the patterns or themes to emerge from their experiences. In-depth interviews are conducted with rural women and workers drom relevant agencies to explore attitudes to domestic violence in country. open interviews so that the conversation can cover topics. arguing that these structures reflect the values. and test theories which explain casual relationships. Qualitative researchers unlike quantitative researchers do no emphasize statistical procedures nor the importance of representative ness. qualitative researchers advocate a research process which is two way interaction between the researcher and the researched in which the parties are on a more equal level. logic. Quantitative researchers reject structured surveys and interviews. sometimes’ co-evolving’ the research structure as they go. which impose a particular view of reality upon the people being researched.

depending on their experiences. Feminist research involves an ongoing criticism of non-feminist scholarship. Feminist research is guided by feminist theory. each with its own locally constructed reality. Feminist research frequently attempts to develop special relations with the people studied. knowable reality. policy makers) Social Work Curriculum . not a research method. Feminist research frequently defines a special relation with the reader.(e. instead of a single. The people who are researched. postmodernist researchers speak of a plurality of voices. Feminists use a multiplicity of research methods. Feminist research aims to create social change Feminist research strives to represent human diversity Feminist research frequently includes the researcher as a person.g. Feminist research may be tans disciplinary. ExampleA researcher holds conversations with rural women over several months to discuss and write up their experiences of farming and attitudes towards these experiences. People who will benefit from the research People who are targeted to be convinced by the research. Sponsors who pay for the research. Key players in the research processThe researcher or researchers. . Postmodern research Postmodern research asserts that truth or knowledge is created through language and meanings and is different from different people.Ten themes of Feminist research methodology identified by reinharz(1992) Feminism is a perspective. Thus.

E. Dubois here Overview of Social Cognitive Theory and Self-Efficacy Defined--Frank Pajares--Emory University Critical Theory and the Crisis of Social Theory by Douglas Kellner Mutual Aid Based Groupwork.B. Critics & Prophets-Sister Site to Great Social Theorists--Find W.Theories • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Multisystemic Theory--Treatment Model Multisystemic Theory Multisystemic Theory Attribution Theory Theories of Addiction Development of the Mind and Brain--See Chapter Nine for CognitiveMotivational Structures 11th International Conference on Reversal Theory Motivational Enhancement Theory Motivational Enhancement for Dually Diagnosed Consumers Healthy Lifestyle Coaching. Motivational Interviewing and Stages of Change: Outcomes on what does and what does not work Theory-Based Active Ingredients of Effective Treatments for Substance Use Disorders--Great Comparison of Five Different Theories Resilience Theory Chapter 6: Resilience Theory in Social Work Fostering Resilience in Developmental Students 1994 Resilience Research Review Glossary of Psychiatric Terminology Sociological Theorists Social Constructivism Theory Psychology Theories Erikson's Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart Child Development Theories Leadership Theories Introduction to the Scientific Method Great Social Theorists by Frank W. Jan Garrett Alphabetical List of Social Work Databases--Social Work Library--University of Michigan Theories in Social Work Practice--Social Work Library--University of Michigan Famous Sociologists--Great Lists and Links Sociological Theories and Perspectives .com--Group Work Theory Rawls' Mature Theory of Social Justice--An Introduction for Students by Dr. Elwell of Rogers State University In the Classical Tradition--Modern Social Theorists.

Weiner) Cognitive Dissonance Theory (L. Bruner) Contiguity Theory (E. Festinger) Cognitive Flexibility Theory (R. Cronbach & R. Mager) Double Loop Learning (C. Maltzman) Phenomenonography (F. Merrill) Conditions of Learning (R.• • • • • • • • • • • Sociological Theory and Theorists Terror Management Theory--Encyclopedia of Death & Dying Extensive Internet and Resource Guide Practice Theories for Clinical Social Work Hierarchical Human Development Schema Attachment Styles Practice Theories Orienting Theories Formal Learning Theory Learning Concepts The Theories The Theories and Theorists • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ACT* (J. Norman) Multiple Intelligences (H. Skinner) Originality (I. Gardner) Operant Conditioning (B. Anderson) Adult Learning Theory (P. Gagne) Connectionism (E. Spiro) Cognitive Load Theory (J. Paivio) Minimalism (J. Cross) Algo-Heuristic Theory (L. Bransford & the CTGV) Aptitude-Treatment Interaction (L.D. Argyris) Drive Reduction Theory (C. VanLehn) Script Theory (R. Pask) Criterion Referenced Instruction (R.F. Thorndike) Constructivist Theory (J. Knowles) Anchored Instruction (J. Schank) . Rumelhart & D. Carroll) Model Centered Instruction and Design Layering (A. Landa) Andragogy (M. Entwistle) Repair Theory (K.Gibbons) Modes of Learning (D. M. Sweller) Component Display Theory (M. Marton & N. Hull) Dual Coding Theory (A. Guthrie) Conversation Theory (G. Snow) Attribution Theory (B.

Estes) Structural Learning Theory (J.• • • • • • • • • • • • Sign Theory (E. Sternberg) Transformational Theory (J. Bandura) Stimulus Sampling Theory (W. Guilford) Subsumption Theory (D. Newell et al. Scandura) Structure of Intellect (J. Tolman) Situated Learning (J. Ausubel) Symbol Systems (G. Salomon) Triarchic Theory (R.) Social Development (L. Lave) Soar (A. Mezirow) . Vygotsky) Social Learning Theory (A.