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Project Management


1 S.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV

a. from preparation of the PCR to the signing of the agreement? 2.) process for invitation for bids) can be initiated? Include approvals have to be taken from various agencies outside the Transco. What are the major steps to be taken before the actual tendering process (i. b. (How will you analyze their interest in the project and their power to influence the project? Can there be any resistance / opposition to the project? How will you manage that? Suggest innovative ways to reduce damage/compensation cost) 2 S. How much time do you think it will take for the contract to be awarded.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV .e. Who are the stakeholders involved? Perform a complete stakeholder analysis. Roughly estimate the time for each of the above activities.Project Management TRANSMISSION LINE CASE STUDY (PART I) 1.

Power Utility s own system and operational data etc.Project Management a. The data and time schedules for carrying out Planning Studies are to be collected from various Organizations. 1. Data are to be complied in a format suitable for simulation software. for grid strengthening. for inter regional connection for exchange of power. Load (both Active and Reactive). Transformer Capacity. Load flow. 3 S. stability and Over voltage studies are the ones need for this purpose. These studies are carried out keeping in view the long-term power plans of the country framed by CEA. Details of Transmission Network at different voltage levels.way (ROW) Considerations Optimal utilization of energy resources Adoption of new technologies like. which is either newly constructed or where a new generation capacity is added.of . Regional Electricity Boards (REB). These are corresponding to different time frames including present scenario and comprises of Generation Details. While developing an alternative following issues are to be considered: Minimization of Transmission Cost and Loss Right. Practices: From the Point of view of power system planning and system engineering following are needed: i.) process for invitation for bids) can be initiated? Include approvals have to be taken from various agencies outside the Transco. Respective Electricity Boards (SEB)/Electricity Departments (ED). What are the major steps to be taken before the actual tendering process (i. Long term transmission plans are to be evolved considering the long term power transfer requirement from generation resources to Load Centers. Transmission System Planning & System Engineering Purpose: Transmission Planning Studies are carried out for evacuation of power from a Power Station. Most optimal system is to be evolved by carrying out computer studies based on the input available from above. iii. FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission System) at suitable locations. iv. such as CEA.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . short-circuit. Details of Reactive Compensation ii.e. Different Transmission alternatives are to be evolved. for intra-regional exchange of Power. Planning Commission. charging instructions. System Engineering studies are carried out to decide various equipment rating and parameters. Regional Load Dispatch Centers (RLDC).

forest clearance. Power System Planning Criteria issued by CEA is be referred to in this context for further details. The outputs of these studies are forwarded to various groups for carrying out system design. operational feedback and past experience become the inputs for detailed Design. 2. The equipment are to be type tested to conform to the specification requirement. Design. environmental impact. The Feasibility Report consists of details of transmission system. 3. justification. Engineering & Specification finalization The feasibility report. details pertaining to project management. Based on the studies the system that emerged and the various cost data. While choosing any transmission alternative. 4 S. CBIP. etc.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . Pile/Well type Foundations if required are also to be designed. The full-scale proto of each type of tower is tested at the test station to validate the design. project completion schedule. scope of the project. tariff.Project Management v. Transmission Line Design . Optimization / Techno economic studies are carried out for the selection of parameters for the new system. flexibility of development and provision of adequate control features should be kept in view to take care of grid operation under normal and contingent conditions. etc. etc. the soil categorization is done and the guidelines incorporated in the specification for foundation classification for transmission line tower foundation Foundation design for each type of soil category and each type of tower is developed. The feasibility report is a base document used in execution of the project. For the preparation of the report: The necessary statutory obligations for the system that emerged. Further if special types of foundation are required like Major River Crossing towers.The design for each type of tower is to be either developed in house or sought from Contractors. relevant statutory regulations. Estimated cost of the project. Based on the experience. are completed. Feasibility Report Preparation Once a transmission system is finalized. The line material parameters are to be finalized based on standardization committee report. i. PTCC (Power Telecom Coordination Committee) clearances. various Indian and International Standards. feasibility report of the project is prepared and submitted to the approving authority. Project Feasibility Report is prepared for the investment approval from the competent authority. technical parameters. Engineering & Specification finalization. output from system studies. like issue of Gazette notifications as per electricity act. recommendations of various standardization committees of CEA.

To save the time and cost and to expedite the erection of transmission lines.0 Procurement Practices A detailed document. Following packaging may be adopted for construction of transmission lines: Tower Package with line accessories Supply & Erection Insulator and Conductor Supply to be delivered to main contractor carrying out erection of transmission lines. with due consideration that the design philosophy is maintained. The turnkey concept of substation execution merely ensures single point responsibility for procurement. These may be referred to for necessary guidance. In this context. co-ordination and project management. 6. i) Package list for Procurement: Package list for Procurement is prepared based on cost of the package. which details out all policies and procedures to be followed for procurement of goods and awarding works. POWERGRID has developed a detailed work and procurement policy document. Completion schedule and the source of finance.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV .Project Management Some power utilities including POWERGRID have standardized some of the towers and foundation designs. covering procurement policy should be available with the officers dealing with the procurement of equipment and materials. Qualifying requirement for each package is to be prepared based on the technical requirement of the equipment/system to be procured. completion schedule etc. This document may be referred by the executives of the power utilities for uniform approach. iii) Qualifying Requirements: Qualifying Requirement is an important part of the procurement document. Use of multi-circuit and narrow based tower should be attempted wherever ROW constraint exists. availability of materials. ii) Cost Estimate: Cost Estimate of each package is to be prepared based on the cost data available. POWERGRID has prepared a well-documented manual covering works and procurement policy and procedures that is followed for all contracts activities related to works and procurement across the organization.0 Project Management & Monitoring 5 S. 5. The stipulation of Qualifying Requirement helps in selecting the competent supplier/contractor for supply /execution of the project on schedule with best quality. the same may be referred to. Substations may be packaged for turnkey execution except that transformer/reactors may be procured separately and erected by turnkey contractor under supervision of the manufacturer. The cost data are to be regularly updated. estimated cost of the package.

India.Project Management Project management and monitoring is one of the most important aspects of project execution on schedule with control on cost overrun. with full transparency.0 Quality Assurance The Quality Management System to be followed by Power Utilities should be built around a philosophy of "prevention" rather "detection and cure". A detailed Master Network is to be prepared for each project for completion of the project on schedule. The project management starts from the beginning of the project concept itself.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . 7. National and International Standards and Manufacturer s internal plant standards and well known good engineering practices of the industry. surveillance audits and failure reports. and it is the first utility in the Power Sector to have ISO 9001 Certification. Selection of good quality vendors/sub vendors.) The Various Steps involved in the Quality System Management are given below: Inclusion of Quality Requirement in the Contract. Manufacturing Quality Plan A standard format (such as developed by POWERGRID) is to be developed for the approval of Manufacturing Quality Plan (MQP) which includes the quality requirements at the raw material stage. The contractors can choose any sub vendor from the list possessing a large number of sub vendors to choose from. The list is continuously revised based on the feedback obtained from the inspection reports. Approval of unambiguous Manufacturing Quality Plan (MQP) Finalization of Field Quality Plan (FQP) Ensuring regular.process stage and final inspection and testing prior to dispatch. The network should incorporate all the activities involved and the time for completion of each activity. acceptance norms. System Of Vendor And Sub Vendor Approvals The list of approved sub vendors is maintained for all the sub vendors irrespective of the fact whether the Technical Qualifying Requirements are specified in the contract or not. Raw material. By standardizing the various testing requirements and procedures it is to be ensured that it is not biased towards any particular manufacturer. etc. requirements of test reports and hold point beyond which the work can progress only after clearance from the utillity. This document has to be self-sufficient and it should include sample size. These MQP(s) may be 6 S. Implementation of Quality Systems and Procedures as per ISO 9001. The quality Management system is time tested and may have an ISO-9001 certification for an utility like POWERGRID has from EAQA. during in. In process testing and final inspection and testing requirements as per Technical specifications of the contract. viz. place of testing. UK through NQA. timely and consistent inspection at various stages. Analyze the equipment failures in association with Engineering and Operation services departments and use feedback for improvement of systems.

this alone could reduce the project execution time substantially by eliminating the requirements of submission of MQP.1 Each Power Utility should recognize and accept its responsibility for establishing and maintaining a safe working environment for all its employees. Approved data sheets/Drawings etc. type tests. test report requirements. A certificate known as CIP is to be issued at each stage. testing requirements of erection material. Material Inspection and Clearance Certificate (MICC) is to be issued for all billable items as per contract after all the CIP stages. Civil Construction. Buildings. This responsibility arises from: Providing the best practicable conditions of work from the point of view of health and safety. Issuance of MICC does not require any inspection of the equipment but it requires checking of other contractual documents. sampling and acceptance norms. pre commissioning checks. However it does not certify the various contractual obligations. which are ensuring its implementation through Project Managers responsible for construction. In this context manuals prepared by POWERGRID may be referred to. Field Quality Plan Field Quality Plans (FQP) should be followed for various construction activities such as Transmission Line. Standards. Fire Fighting System.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . The FQP defines the requirement with regard to proper unloading/receipt of equipment and material at site.Project Management approved for a period of three years instead of approval on contract-to-contract basis. Inspection is most critical and important activity in the quality system. In order to supplement the efforts of project manager. Safety 10. Obligation to consult with its staff and their representatives to implement policies and procedure developed as a result of discussion.0 Construction Practices Utility has to prepare manuals covering all areas of site construction activities to ensure that uniform approach in various site activities are followed by site staff and the contractors. in-process stage and final stage. 8. which are necessary for release of payment. Inspection Customer Inspection Points (CIP) are identified in MQPs to be carried out at various stages such as raw material stage. Executives from the Corporate Center may also be deputed for surveillance and inspection. 7 S. discussions and approval for each contract. if the material/product/Sub System meets the various requirements specified in the specification. The responsibility of implementation FQPs is with the site organizations. These manuals should be well coordinated with the provisions of specification and field quality should be created to have more surveillance over construction activities. Bill of Quantities and other requirement are checked by the inspection engineer. In other words issuance of CIP certifies the various routine checks and technical features. regional quality set. etc. storage. The FQP(s) describe the various stages for checks and testing requirements at each stage. It is a responsible job as it enables dispatch and payment to the contractor.

To ensure that professional advice is made available wherever potentially hazardous situations exist or might arise. The Indian Electricity Act. together with training facilities for personnel involved in this service. remedial and preventive action. equipment or processes used in their work. To organize collection. To ensure regular safety inspection by a competent person at suitable intervals of all substation equipment. operation and maintenance of machinery and equipment of substation and transmission lines. and with this end in view the Company shall do the following: i) To allocate sufficient resources to provide and maintain safe and healthy conditions of work. To inform employees about material. To co-ordinate the activities of the Company and of its contractors working on the Company s premises for the implementation and maintenance of safety systems of work. joint consultation in health and safety matters to ensure effective participation by all employees. safety and welfare of employees emanating from relevant legislation such as the Factories Act. 10. construction.2 POWER UTILITY S RESPONSIBILITY The Power Utility shall take all such steps which are reasonably practicable to ensure best possible conditions of work.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . ii) To take steps to ensure that all known safety factors are taken into account in the design. retraining and supervision in health and safety and first aid and ensure that adequate publicity is given to these matters. instructions and notices in the common language of employees. To prepare separate safety rules for each type of occupation/process involved in a project. To provide appropriate instruction. protective equipment. 8 S. To publish/notify regulations. To provide wherever necessary. sickness and incidents involving personal injury or injury to health with a view to taking corrective. To keep all operation and methods of work under regular review for making necessary changes from the point of view of safety in the light of experience and up-to-date knowledge.Project Management Fulfilling statutory requirement in respect of health. safety appliances and clothing and ensure their proper use. to comply with their legal obligations with regard to the health. To ensure that adequate safety instructions are given to all employees. etc. which are known to be potentially hazardous to health or safety. workplaces and operations. safety and welfare of their employees. training. analysis and presentation of data on accident. To promote through the established machinery. To ensure proper implementation of fire prevention and appropriate fire fighting services. To provide appropriate facilities for first aid and prompt treatment of injuries and illness at work.

employees should be healthy and safety conscious and: -REPORT potential hazards . ii. interpreted and carried out in the manner expected. iii. v.TAKE an active and personal interest in promoting health and safety at work. of his fellow employees and of other persons who may be affected by his action at work. must be strictly observed by all concerned contracting agencies executing works. . They should be made responsible. iv. Safety Officers are appointed to advice Management on question of safety at work including advice on the application in particular local situations of the system of work.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . Accepted rules. these items should be kept in good condition . it is also necessary that each employee follows prescribed safe methods of work. Company Safety Rules and relevant code of practice in consultation with area Engineers. With this in mind. rules and 9 S. 10. equipment. They will be consulted as and when system. Such executives must themselves be authorized. the Corporate Personnel Division at the corporate level and the concerned Heads at the Regional level. no doubt. The officers in-charge of safety will be functionally responsible to the Corporate headquarter for ensuring that the policy is promulgated.USE with all reasonable care the tools.MAKE USE of Safety Suggestion Schemes. procedures and codes of practice. He should take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself.Project Management RESPONSIBILITY OF THE EMPLOYEE The establishment and maintenance of best possible condition of work is. before doing so.PARTICIPATE in safety training courses when called upon to do .4 Responsibility for Implementation i. The ultimate responsibility for ensuring the implementation of the policy on health and safety at work rests on the Management. for discharging their safety obligations. Immediate responsibility for safety at work is that of the managers/executives of each department/section who are primarily responsible to prevent accidents involving members of their staff and other persons. In designated areas of particular hazard the appropriate executives are required to authorize. the responsibility of Management.OBSERVE Safety Rules. It is their responsibility to issue clear and explicit working instructions compliance with which will ensure safe working and to require the effective use of approved equipment. procedures and code of practice . in writing the commencement of any work and. which are formulated with proper regard to health and safety consideration. in writing as competent persons to perform these duties. personally to ensure themselves that all necessary safety precautions have been carried out. safety equipment and protective clothing provided by the Company. through various measures including appropriate provisions in the contract.

Transmission System The objective of system planning is to develop a power system with a level of performance characterized by an acceptable degree of adequacy and security. 93. (3) The transmission line shall be designed and constructed to give a life of not less than 35 years. keeping in view the overall economy. The overall performance and output as well as detailed operating characteristics and specifications of the installation shall conform to the rest of the power system i. a natural and integral part of the power system. Routing of Transmission Line The transmission line route shall be selected keeping in view the following: (1) Routing of a transmission line through protected or reserved forest shall be avoided. 2007.2009) 92. General (1) Whenever a new transmission line is planned and constructed.Project Management codes are being formulated and shall advise Management in the investigation and analysis of accidents and the circulation of appropriate statistics. winter and monsoon seasons. the Owner shall ensure that the proposed new installation is compatible with the existing power system and is suitable for becoming. In case it is not possible to completely avoid the forests or areas having large trees.03. 2009 DRAFT (12. (2) The adequacy of the transmission system shall be tested for one or more load generation scenarios comprising of peak and off peak conditions in summer. the design and construction features shall be compatible with the system to which the new installation will be connected. The owner connecting his new installation shall abide by the Central Electricity Authority (Technical Standards for Connectivity to the Grid) Regulations. (3) Right of way for transmission lines shall be optimized keeping in view the corridor requirement for the future by adopting suitable alternative of multi-circuit or multivoltage lines as applicable. The salient features for the transmission system shall be as summarized below: (1) The transmission system shall be planned in an integrated manner and optimized considering the total network under CTU and STU.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV .A: ELECTRIC LINES (66 kV AND ABOVE) 91. the route shall be aligned in such a way that cutting of trees is minimum.e. 10 S. (2) The Owner shall ensure tie-up arrangements which are necessitated by the proposed installation and which must be carried out simultaneously by other entities before the new installation is commissioned and connected to the power system. on commissioning. 130 Central Electricity Authority (Construction of Electrical Plants & Electric Lines) Regulations. PART. Routing of a transmission line through National Parks or Wild Life sanctuaries shall also be avoided to the extent possible.

canal or power line crossings. (6) Right of way and way leave clearance shall be arranged by the Owner in accordance with the requirements of construction. Archeological Survey Act and other Acts/Rules/Laws. (c) Earthwire The earthwire of appropriate size to cater to predicted and design fault currents and lightning shall be used. (b) Conductor The conductor of appropriate size shall be selected considering power flow requirements and other system considerations in consultation with neighboring transmission and generation utilities. guidelines and directives of local administrative and revenue authorities. Other new technology conductors conforming to International standards and specifications may also be used depending on system requirements. river. (2) Salient technical particulars and requirements of transmission lines (a) Electrical Design Parameters of the Transmission Lines For the transmission lines at higher altitudes. and densely populated areas to the extent possible. The conductors may be of type ACSR. AAAC or other and shall generally conform to relevant IS or IEC standards. from the concerned authorities/agencies.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . requirements of applicable Indian Standards as well as other rules & regulations as per latest amendments. For transmission lines of 400 kV or higher voltage class. rules & regulations. rail. The Owner shall follow all the prudent utility practices in the design and construction of the transmission lines. (3) The line routing should avoid large habitations. road. basic insulation level. 94. Wild Life Protection Act. are complied with. Care shall also be taken to avoid aircraft landing approaches. Compensation for right of way & way leaves shall be given as per applicable law. (5) The Owner shall arrange all required consents and approvals including those from Power and Telecommunication Co-ordination Committee (PTCC). (4) It shall be ensured that all statutory requirements stipulated under Forest Conservation Act. the design and construction of the transmission lines shall be such that they perform their intended functions under the License. Also. way leaves and environmental & forest clearances etc. impulse & switching surge withstand voltage requirements shall be kept higher as per relevant standards and practices.Project Management (2) Restricted areas such as civil and military airfields shall be avoided. Design and Construction of Transmission Lines (1) General The transmission lines shall be designed and constructed meeting the requirements mentioned in these regulations. The earthwire shall be either of galvanized stranded steel (GSS) 11 S. bundle conductors (minimum two conductors per phase for 400 kV AC and four conductors per phase for 500 kV DC & 765 kV AC) shall be used for satisfactory performance of transmission lines from corona and interference aspects. as may be applicable. and for civil aviation.

Project Management or alternatively ACSR or AACSR conductor type. one earthwire shall be used for transmission lines up to 220 kV and two earthwires shall be used for transmission lines of 400 kV and higher voltage classes. (i) Design of towers The following specify the minimum requirements for design of towers. wind and snow loads shall be calculated and tower designs developed accordingly. line altitude and other service conditions and factors. Alternatively. Tower parts shall be galvanized as per relevant IS. The towers shall also be designed for appropriate snow or ice loads. if so desired and/or deemed necessary. Fasteners. (ii) Materials Mild steel and high tensile steel sections of tested quality in conformity with relevant IS shall be generally used in towers and their extensions. anti-cascading condition etc. design and ruling span. Generally. The loads at conductor and earthwire points under different loading conditions viz. The Owner may adopt any additional loading or design criteria for ensuring reliability of the line. reliability conditions (normal condition). Ground clearance shall be as per requirements of Central Electricity Authority (Measures relating to Safety and Electricity Supply) Regulations as and when these are notified by the Authority. wind & weight spans. Other equivalent grade of structural steel angle sections and plates conforming to International Standards may also be used. safety conditions. extension and truncation provisions etc. mid-span clearance. (d) Towers The towers shall be self-supporting lattice steel type and shall be a fully galvanized structure. shall be decided as per prudent utility practices following applicable standards and codes and keeping in view electrical system parameters and requirements.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . shall be selected by the Owner as per prudent utility practices. Live-metal clearances. considering wind loading corresponding to applicable wind zone for the transmission line as per relevant IS. Optical fiber ground wires may also be used as earthwire. if applicable. Type of towers. guyed or pole structure towers may also be used. bolts and nuts shall be generally as per relevant IS. (iv) Tower accessories 12 S. (iii) Tower fabrication Tower fabrication shall generally conform to relevant IS. (as per relevant IS or IEC Standards) considering various combinations of design temperatures. The towers shall be designed to meet all design requirements and design criteria stipulated in latest revision of relevant IS or IEC standards. Other new technology earthwires conforming to international standards and specifications may also be used. shielding angle etc. security conditions (broken wire condition).

Pipe type or Counterpoise type earthing shall be provided in accordance with relevant IS. (ii) Insulators shall generally conform to relevant IS or IEC standards. well or other alternative types) shall be considered for transmission line towers. specific creepage distance shall be decided judiciously by the Owner. anti-climbing devices. This measure will also help to improve the performance and availability of the system. (vi) Aviation requirements and warning signals Day and/or night visual aids and markers for denoting transmission line or structures as per requirements of Directorate of Flight Safety or relevant IS or ICAO shall be provided.Project Management Various tower accessories viz. pile. line altitude. specific creepage distance shall be selected from Table: III-6 at clause 47 based on the site requirement. Lower main members and also on Plan bracings in the barrel of the tower at all the cross arm levels to prevent birds from making nests.5. (e) Foundations (i) Depending upon soil and site conditions. shall be provided conforming to relevant IS. bird guards etc. economy and feasibility of construction at site. Polymer or composite insulators conforming to relevant IEC or other international standards may also be used. The minimum factor of safety for design of pile or well foundations shall be 2. antifog type insulators or polymer insulators may be used for better performance. open cast. For voltage levels up to 400kV. (v) Earthing Each tower shall be earthed such that tower footing resistance does not exceed 10 ohms. Remedial measures shall be taken by the Owner to put spike type Bird guards on the Upper (tie members).Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . phase plates. for critical locations with high pollution level. Insulator Strings and Hardware Fittings (i) Requisite type of suspension and tension insulator strings with disc insulators or long rod insulators offering equivalent performance shall be used. Number of insulators and creepage distance shall be selected based on electrical system parameters and requirements taking into account other factors and conditions viz. danger plates. (iii) The cement concrete used for the foundations shall be generally as per relevant IS. circuit plates. number plates. For 765kV.1. (f) Insulators. Insulators for HVDC lines shall be of anti-fog type having sacrificial zinc sleeve. 13 S. expected environmental and pollution conditions etc. (ii) The design of foundations shall be as per applicable Indian Standards and Codes. Structural design of foundations shall be done by limit state method with minimum overload factor as 1. appropriate type of foundations (viz. the load on insulator string shall not exceed 70 % of its selected rating. These shall generally conform to relevant IEC standard. (iii) Insulator & insulator string rating shall be selected such that : Under ultimate design wind loading conditions. However.

spacer or spacer-dampers. buildings. (e) Normal design span for various voltage level transmission lines shall generally be as follows: 14 S.Project Management Under everyday temperature and no wind conditions. shall be provided in accordance with Forest Conservation Act and guidelines issued by Ministry of Environment & Forests. (3) Transmission line construction (a) Construction of a transmission line shall be carried out generally as per relevant IS meeting stipulated requirements and under other latest applicable standards and prudent utility practices. telecommunication lines etc. The fittings shall generally conform to relevant IS.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . earthwire clamps etc. mid-span compression joints. shall be used as suitable for type and size of conductor and earthwire used for the transmission line. T-connector. the load on insulator string shall not exceed 25% of its selected rating. shall be provided in conformity with Central Electricity Authority (Measures Relating to Safety and Electricity Supply) Regulations as and when these are notified by the Authority. (g) Accessories for Conductor and Earthwire The accessories required for the conductor and earthwire viz. power lines. (iv) Insulator strings shall be complete with all required hardware fittings. flexible copper bond. forest clearance etc. vibration dampers. (b) Crossing of a transmission line with roads or a railway or a river or a power line or a telecommunication line shall be finalized as per applicable rules & regulations specified by the concerned authorities. (d) Clearances from trees. repair sleeve. (c) Clearances from ground. roads. The accessories shall generally conform to relevant IS.

Vendors vi. Under such circumstances efforts are made through various channels like convincing them of the larger interest of the project to the society at large. f. National Highway Authorities h. River. Railway. Canal. SERC c. CEA b. still there would be obstructions due to quite a number of people not being aware of it. vii.The major resistance to projects comes from the landowners on whose land the towers are installed as well as the land over which the transmission line passes through. Environmental & Forest Ministry d. Can there be any resistance / opposition to the project? How will you manage that? Suggest innovative ways to reduce damage/compensation cost 1. Customers ii. Top Management iii. Though the legal mandate is obtained.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . Contractors v. first & foremost the mandatory gazette notifications as well as publications in local newspapers etc are to be done informing all the affected parties & seeking objections if any. Power. Regulators ² CERC. Affected Landowners . Who are the stakeholders involved? Perform a complete stakeholder analysis. Local Village Panchayat & other village bodies. Power & Telecom Co-Ordination Committee g. To take care of these issue. They may either not allow the work or may seek more compensation that the government rates. Government Agencies a. before the project is sanctioned.Project Management 2. (How will you analyze their interest in the project and their power to influence the project? The following are the various stakeholders in the project i. Landowners of the affected Transmission Line Corridor e. arranging 15 S. Investors/Bankers iv.

reduce tree cuttings etc. Multi circuit towers. 2. For reducing the losses/damages better site survey is conducted.Rajagopalan PGXPM VI Term-IV . a. Nowadays with Right-Of-Way becoming a major problem. Narrow based towers. Panchayat. thought there would some cost increase due to increased route. efforts are made to explore innovative ways to mitigate & reduce losses. 16 S. Tall extra high towers are some changes which have reduce the land requirement. Efforts are made to place towers on barren land than fertile agricultural land. small petty work contracts. Possibility of providing some local sub contracting. Efforts are also made to provide some enhanced compensations by special approvals matching the prevalent market rates. local labor works are also explored to provide some revenue generation opportunities to mitigate the loss to some extent. administrations etc.Project Management meetings with local elected bodies. Right-Of-Way optimization. In addition some social welfare schemes are also undertaken in the villages to engage them & embrace in the prosperity gained through the project.