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Project No.

EPC FOR ASAB FFD PROJECT
Document No.

PROCEDURE FOR GAMMA RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING
1 2 WORK MAY PROCEED REVISE AND RESUBMIT. WORK MAY PROCEED SUBJECT TO INCORPORATON OF CHANGES INDICATED. REVISE AND RESUBMIT. WORK MAY NOT PROCEED REVIEW NOT REQUIRED. FOR INFO ONLY CANCELLED / DELETED Date:

3 4 5 By:

A

INITIAL DOCUMENT

REV.

DATE

ORIGINATOR

REVIEWED

APPROVED

DESCRIPTION

THIS DOCUMENT IS INTENDED FOR USE BY ADCO AND ITS NOMINATED CONSULTANTS, CONTRACTORS, MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS.

SUBCONTRACT No.
ORIGINATOR :

ITEM: PIL JOB No. WBS Code : 000 Contract No : PROJ. No : Page 1 of 24

LTIS Doc. No. ADCO DOC No :

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 SCOPE.................................................2 2.0 REFERENCES............................................3 3.0 EXTENT OF EXAMINATION.................................3 4.0 SAFETY................................................3 5.0 PERSONNEL.............................................4 6.0 EQUIPMENT.............................................4 7.0 MATERIALS.............................................4 8.0 PREPARATION...........................................5 9.0 CONSIDERATIONS........................................9 11.0 METHOD.............................................10

14.0 REPORTS.............................................22 15.0 RECORDS.............................................22

1.0

SCOPE
This procedure outlines the minimum requirements for the radiographic testing (RT) of process and utility piping using gamma ray methods for detection of discontinuities in welds and Heat effected zone in carbon steel and stainless steel in accordance with ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, Section V.

DOCUMENT TITLE:
RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE

Project No.: ADCO DOC. NO. REV. A PAGE DATE : 2 OF 24

REV.38.: ADCO DOC. pocket alarms and dosimeters to monitor operations.0 REFERENCES • Lonestar Safety Manual ASNT Recommended Practice No. A PAGE DATE : 3 OF 24 . 2007 Edition ADCO Specification.18 welding of metals (Amendments) / Supplements to API RP582. eating and drinking whilst using products.37 (1704 Shop & field fabrication of metallic piping DEP 30. Lonestar RT Safety Lonestar RT Emergency ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code Section V Articles 2 & 22 . correct plug for socket. wash hands immediately after use. Radiography personnel shall wear TLDs or film badges. processing chemicals. warning boards. NO.1 General Care shall be taken in using electrical items ensuring undamaged wiring. correct voltage.0 EXTENT OF EXAMINATION Extent of examination shall be as per client requirements 4. 4. Edition 2007.60. e.2. radiation surveys meters.g. 2009b addenda ASME Code for process piping B31.99.3 .10. DEP 31.2 Radiological Protection Radiography shall only be carried out at the area under protected conditions so that the radiography personnel and any near-by working personnel shall not be subjected to radiation doses exceeding the permitted levels. Edition 2008 ASTM E 94: Standard Guide for Radiographic Examination ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII. and effective cordoning off of the surrounding areas while taking radiography. Divisions 1 & 2 . Precautions shall be taken when using remote control gamma ray projectors (cameras) by way of radiation alarm instruments. 4. 2001 Edition Lonestar Written Practice.31 Shop & field fabrication of piping • • • • • • • • • • • • 3.0 SAFETY All personnel shall be aware at all times of hazards both of site and method in order to prevent accident or injury to self or others. DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.01. flush eyes with lukewarm water in event of contamination. for handling materials. SNT-TC-1A . WS-1 Rev 2 Project Spec 14. avoid smoking. warning lights.

5 TBq (150 Ci) maximum of Ir 192 and other approved and certified models shall be used. 5.0 EQUIPMENT Gamma ray projectors are. high contrast films which qualify as Type 1 & II ASTM 1818-96.0 PERSONNEL Personnel conducting radiography on behalf of Lonestar shall be qualified at least one of the following. 7. Test shall be administered annually. involving the projector containing radiation sources and before. when removing from and returning to. Fuji IX 100 DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.1 Vision Personnel performing examination shall have vision. secure storage (pit) to monitor for any physical damages and establish good working condition. NO. during and after exposure Thorough physical checks shall be carried on taking any radiation producing equipment to jobsites. REV.74 TBq (100 Ci) maximum. as follows. including transportation.0 MATERIALS Film a) Selection The films used shall conform to ASTM/ASME specification E 94/SE 94 table 2 and be of high contrastor ultra fine grain. b) Personnel having other qualification such as PCN may use this procedure with specific written approval of Client authorized representative. with correction if necessary. D-880 rated 5. 6. Tech-Ops 660 rated 3. a) Personnel conducting the test shall be qualified in Radiographic Testing in accordance with SNT-TC-1A.: ADCO DOC. Kodak MX 125. Class I Film Class II Film : Agfa Structurix D4. portable remote control type B(U) certified. 5.Radiation survey meters shall be used for any movement. All personnel working in or near radiation areas shall observe the ALARA principle. Fuji IX 50 : Agfa Structurix D7. b) Color contrast vision: shall be able to differentiate the contrast among shades of grey used in method. Kodak AA 400. A PAGE DATE : 4 OF 24 . Test shall be administered annually. a) Near vision acuity: capable of reading Jaeger J-2 or equivalent on standard chart at a distance of not less than 300 mm (12 in).

1 PREPARATION Surface The weld to be examined shall be free of irregularities such as weld ripples. radiation. SE. dents. b) Processing All films shall be processed carefully in accordance with time. b) Screens shall be used in pairs and placed either side of film. pressure marks or any other marks at the area of interest on the film. For gamma ray radiography of thickness less than 10 mm class 1 film shall be used. radiation energy. Films. light. smoke. single use lead foil associated with pre-packed film may be used. c) Screens shall be free from scratches. both un-exposed and exposed. 8. The film shall be agitated horizontally and vertically for few seconds to disperse any air bubbles in each minute during development time to ensure even processing. A PAGE DATE : 5 OF 24 .: ADCO DOC. source to film distance and sensitivity requirements. spatter. The weld reinforcement of butt welds shall not exceed the acceptable limits. shall be preserved in a place free from heat. DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. pressure. Where necessary. Intensifying Screens a) Only lead intensifying screens of thickness 0. artifacts.0 8. Films shall be used before expiry date as marked by the manufacturer. The maximum source size shall be 3x3mm. However gamma rays Ir-192 and/or Se 75 shall be utilized provided radiographic sensitivity shall be demonstrated as required. NO. excessive humidity and at temperatures not more than 300C.Selection of films shall be determined by material by material type and thickness. grinding.2 Source Selection Gamma rays source Ir-192 and/or Se-75 shall be used for radiographic testing. dirt or the like 8. temperature and chemicals parameters per ASME Section V Article 22.125 mm shall be employed for radiography using Gamma-ray method. chemical fumes. REV.94. Radiograph presented for interpretation shall be free from process marks. Normal development time is 5 to 8 minutes at 200C (680F). chipping. other irregularities or extraneous material that may interfere with interpretation of radiographs. source size.

13 8/0.0 Set A B C D b) Number of IQI(s) Required DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.25 11/0. NO.63 15/2.81 16/2.5 21/8.0 through 1.4 Over 25. Over 0.75 Over 0.0 through 2.1 through 50. Backing strips shall not be considered in selection of IQI The selection of IQI shall be in accordance with ASME Section V Article 2.06 Wire no Ø mm 4/0.81 16/2.16 9/0.3 a) Image Quality Indicator Selection The DIN image quality indicator (IQI) or equivalent conforming to SE 747 subject to Client’s approval shall be used.375 Over 0.25 11/0.2 Wire no Ø mm 3/0.25 through 0. A PAGE DATE : 6 OF 24 .50 through 0.41 13/1.50 mm Up to 6.0 through 25.8 Over 50.5 through 12.0 Over 1. incl.51 14/1.4 through 38.7 through 19. Over 6.10 7/0. For radiography involving DWDI technique the single wall thickness plus allowable reinforcement shall be considered for selection of IQI.4.4 Wire no Ø mm 6/0.5 Wire no Ø mm 2/0.25.8.0 Over 2. REV.33 12/1.7 Over 12.03 20/6.08 6/0.8 through 63.5 Over 9.50 Over 0. Nominal single wall thickness plus permitted reinforcement shall be considered for selection of applicable IQI.25 through 0.60 19/5.50 through 2.: ADCO DOC.02 17/3. T-276 as follows: Nominal Single-Wall Material Thickness Range in Up to 0.75 through 1.1 Over 38.1 Wire no Ø mm 5/0.5 Source Side Hole-Type Designation 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 Wire-Type Essential Wire 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 IQI Film Side Hole-Type Designation 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 Wire-Type Essential Wire 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Wire type image quality indicators.20 10/0.27 18/4. SE-747 Wire no Ø mm 1/0.0 Over 19.4 through 9. incl.50 Over 1.

• For panoramic exposures when covering only a section of circumference at least three IQIs as one at the center with the other two at each of the ends shall be used. Should the density of radiography vary by more than –15% to + 30% from density measured through the body of IQI then additional IQI(s) shall be used to cover the other densities. The lower diameter wire shall be towards the end of the radiograph and the whole IQI shall be placed adjacent to or on the weld. d. g. • For panoramic exposure where one or more film holders shall be used then at least three IQIs shall be used being placed approximately 1200 apart or as per written specification of client. REV. d) Identification A system of permanent identification shall be provided on the radiographs with the following details.• For unidirectional exposure at least one IQI shall appear on each radiograph. A PAGE DATE : 7 OF 24 . The length of wire shall be perpendicular to the length of weld. Client’s name and job number. f. • Wire IQI shall be placed near to the end of film of weld being radiographed. Shot numbers – location markers. Joint number / welder number. DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. c. • When size or configuration of the object prevents locating IQI on the object it may be placed on a separate block of the same material and thickness as the part being radiographed as close as possible to the object. Drawing or spool number. e. NO. a. Date of radiographic examination. In such case then the IQI may be located on film side with lead marker ‘F’ shall be placed adjacent to IQI. • The plane of the IQI shall be normal to the direction of the radiation beam and identity of the IQI shall be visible on the radiograph. The identity of IQI or ‘F’ shall not obscure the area of interest. c) Placement • The IQI shall be located on the source side of the weld being radiographed except when inaccessibility prevents hand placing of the IQI. The location (of location markers) shall be marked on the part radiographed. b.: ADCO DOC. Letter ‘R’ if it was after repair and RT for retake.

not on the exposure holder/cassette. REV. A PAGE DATE : 8 OF 24 .h. Location markers shall be mounted on the part under examination. Location markers shall be kept on source side or film side as illustrated in figures below. NO. Source side acceptable Film side unacceptable Source side acceptable Film side unacceptable Flat component or longitudinal seam (See sketch (e) for alternate) (a) Curved components with radiation source to film distance less than radius of component (b) Film side acceptable Film side unacceptable Film side unacceptable Film side acceptable Curved components with convex surface towards radiation source curvature (c) Curved components with radiation source to film distance greater than radius of (d) D Either side location marker is acceptable t X Mf X Source side marker alternate Flat component or longitudinal seam x = (t / D) (Mf / 2) x = additional required coverage beyond film side location marker Curved component with radiation source at center curvature (f) DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.: ADCO DOC.

This is given by the following formula: Ug = Ft / d Ug F t d = = = Geometric un-sharpness Size of the source Distance from source side of the object to film = Source to object distance determined at the approximate centre of area of interest.: ADCO DOC. A PAGE DATE : 9 OF 24 . unless a higher or lower quality is agreed with the Client A radiograph shall be considered acceptable if the contour image of the specified diameter wire is seen on the radiograph 9. NO.78 DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. 9.0.0.2 Un Sharpness Source to object distance shall be selected to attain a minimum geometric unsharpness.02 1.1 in density shall be allowed for variations between densitometer readings.1 Sensitivity Sensitivity shall be demonstrated with a technique to achieve the required sensitivity of 2% or better as per client’s requirements The required diameter wire shall be visible on radiograph.5 mm thickness shall be fixed on the back of each film holder to check for backscattered radiation.5 for single film viewing for radiographs made with gamma source.76 1.3 Back Scatter A lead marker ‘B’ of 13 mm height and 1.3. A white image of the letter ‘B’ on radiograph indicates insufficient protection from backscatter and radiographs shall be MAXIMUM GEOMETRIC UNSHARPNESS.0 CONSIDERATIONS 9. mm Up to 50 Above 50 to 75 Above 75 to 100 Above 100 9. A tolerance of 0.t = component thickness Mf = film side location marker interval D = source to component distance (e) 9. REV.51 0. The maximum density for either single or composite viewing shall be 4. mm 0. The source to object distance shall be so that the resulting geometrical unsharpness shall not exceed the following given values WELD THICKNESS.2 Density The density adjacent to the required wire of IQI on the diagnostic area of a radiograph shall be 2.

source at the center of the axis. Minimum three or more shots shall be taken to cover the full weld while using this technique. Calibration shall meet the requirements of T-262 of ASME Sec V. 11.0 to 4.9 mm and for higher diameter shells (both sides closed vessels) where placement of films inside is not possible. for pipes of lower diameter where the placement of source is possible to keep inside and on the opposite wall (approximately opposite to the center of the area under radiography). 10. A PAGE DATE : 10 OF 24 . Calibration of the densitometer shall be carried out in three (3) month intervals. however a black image of letter ‘B’ shall not be a cause for rejection.2 DWSI Technique The DWSI technique shall be used for radiography of pipes diameter more than 88. REV.0. the SWSI technique shall be selected.1 SWSI Technique For radiography of long seams of larger diameter shells. Step wedge calibration film shall be valid for one year upon opening. for panoramic technique i.: ADCO DOC. DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. provided it is within manufacturer stated shelf life. NO. test plates or for larger diameter pipe / shell when part of circumference is radiographed keeping source outside or inside.0 METHOD The radiography technique for the different types of joints shall be selected from the details given below.0 CALIBRATION The densitometer shall be calibrates by utilizing a standard step tablet having at least 05 steps with neutral densities from 1. 11.considered unacceptable. (b) (c) Exposure Arrangement for Single Wall Single Image 11.e. Article 2.

REV. The two weld images shall be separated in the radiograph for complete coverage of weld evaluation. Care shall be taken while marking repair location on the job. Double Wall Double Image 11.9 mm diameter two shots at 900 to each other shall be taken.3 DWDI Technique (b) Double Wall Single Image For pipes of diameter less than 88. Double Wall Superimposed Technique DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. a minimum three shots shall be taken at 600 or 1200 to each other on pipe joint.4 Double Wall Superimposed Technique When using super imposed image technique. A PAGE DATE : 11 OF 24 .(a) 11. NO.: ADCO DOC. Care shall be taken to meet geometric unsharpness value is below the acceptance level.

4 Diagnostic Film Length It is essential to ensure full coverage of area of interest by overlap with individual radiographs. A PAGE DATE : 12 OF 24 .: ADCO DOC. chemical or other blemishes. processing and / or handling faults. NO.0 EVALUATION 12.0 to 4.12. 12.2 Quality Radiographs shall be free from all mechanical. 12.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA Imperfections revealed in Radiographic testing shall be accepted or rejected in accordance with the Reference Code as applicable. 12.3 Interpretation Only certified RT level-2 personnel shall interpret the radiographs and evaluate the testing results. Such blemishes may include storage. shadows or glare appear on the radiograph. This area shall be measured in the direction of the incident beam at that point shall not exceed 10% of the thickness being examined. Some typical imperfections and the acceptance criteria is given below: Typical Weld Imperfections DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.0 density range.1 Viewing Conditions The radiograph shall be evaluated / viewed in a room with a subdued background lighting of intensity such that no reflections. REV. A copy of the contracted code / standard criteria shall be available for reference during the interpretation. 13. Consideration shall be given to each exposure regarding thickness of the material penetrated at the extremities of the readable area of interest. The illuminator shall provide sufficient variable light intensity to evaluate any radiograph having 2.

Lack of fusion between weld bead and base metal (a) Side Wall Lack of Fusion (b) Lack of fusion between adjacent Passes Incomplete filling at root on one side o nly (c) Incomplete Penetration due to Internal Misalignment Incomp lete filling at root (d) Incomplete Penetration of Weld Groove Root bead fused to both inside surfaces but center of root slightly below inside surface of pipe (not incomplete penetration (e) Concave Root Surface (Suck-Up) Internal undercut (f) Undercut (g) Excess External Reinforcement 13.3 table 341. NO.3. REV.: ADCO DOC.4 Table-3: for Welds and ASME B31. A PAGE DATE : 13 OF 24 .2 Acceptance Criteria Examination Methods for Examination Method Radiogr aphy Weld Imperfection Evaluating Weld Imperfections Criteria (A to M) for Types of Welds and for Service Conditions (Note (1) ) Normal and Service Category D Category M Cyclic Fluid Service Fluid Service Conditions Type of Weld Type of Weld Type of Weld DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.

341.2. REV. NO. Miter Groove & Branch Connection (Note (4) Longitudinal Groove (Note (2) ) A A B E G H A N/A K L A A A E G A A N/A K L A A N/A N/A N/A H A N/A N/A L A A A D F A A J K L √ √ √ √ √ √ √ - A A N/ A N/ A N/ A A A J N/ A L A C C N/ A N/ A I A N/ A K M A A A N/ A N/ A A A N/ A K M A N/ A N/ A N/ A N/ A H A N/ A N/ A M A A B N / A N / A H A N / A K M Branch Connection (Note (4) ) Longitudinal Groove (Note (2) Girth.4. c) Check (√) indicates examination method generally used for evaluating this kind of weld imperfection. b) “N/A” indicates the Code does not establish acceptance criteria or does not require evaluation of this kind of imperfection for this type of weld.)Girth. as specified in paras.: ADCO DOC. DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. tungsten inclusion. Miter Groove & Branch Connection (Note (4) )Girth.4. A PAGE DATE : 14 OF 24 .3 and M341.4. Miter Groove Fillet (Note (3) ) Fillet (Note (3) ) Fillet (Note (3) ) Crack Lack of fusion Incomplete penetration Internal porosity Internal slag inclusion. 341. 341. or by the engineering design.1.4. or elongated indication Undercutting Surface porosity or exposed slag inclusion (Note (5) ) Surface finish Concave root surface (suck up) Weld reinforcement or internal protrusion √ √ √ √ √ √ √ - GENERAL NOTES: a) Weld imperfections are evaluated by one or more of the types of examination methods given.

d) Ellipsis (-) indicates examination method not generally used for evaluating this kind of weld imperfection.5 mm (1/16 in.) weld length Depth of lack of fusion and ≤ 0. Appendix 4 For Tw ≤ 6 mm (1/4 in.) limit Size and distribution of internal is same as D porosity For Tw ≤ 6 mm (1/4 in. Note (9) does not apply.2 Acceptance Criteria for Welds and Examination Methods for Evaluating Welds Imperfections (Cont’d) NOTES: DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. or elongated indication Individual length ≤ 2Tw /3 Individual width ≤ 2. ≥ Tw Height of reinforcement or internal protrusion ( Note (8) ) in any plane through the weld shall be within limits of the applicable height value in the tabulation at right. tungsten inclusion. Depth of root surface concavity weld reinf.1 Symbo l A B Criterion Value Notes for Table 341.) and ≤ [Tw/4 Depth of undercut or 1mm (1/32 in. 13.) and ≤ 0.) ≤ 6 (1/4) > 6 (1/4). Section VIII.) and ≤ Tw /2 Individual width ≤ 4 Tw in any 150 mm (6 in.4. porosity Division 1. incl. Height of reinforcement or internal protrusion ( Note (8) ) as described in L.2 Tw Cumulative length of incomplete ≤ 38 mm (1.3.) and ≤Tw/4 ≤ 1. ≤ 25 (1) > 25 (1) Limit is twice the value applicable for L above Table 341. Ra per ASME B46.2 Criterion Acceptable Value Limits ( Note Measure (6) ) Extent of imperfection Zero (no evident imperfection) Depth of incomplete penetration ≤ 1 mm (1/32 in.5 x D Slag inclusion. NO.) and ≤ Tw /3 Cumulative length ≤ Tw in any 12 Tw weld length Slag inclusion. ≤ 13 (1/2) > 13 (1/4). A PAGE DATE : 15 OF 24 . Height mm (in.1 Total joint thickness.2 Tw incomplete penetration cumulative ≤ 38 mm (1.) ≤ 1. except as provided in Note (9).) Cumulative length weld length Depth of undercut ≤ 1 mm (1/32 in. REV.) weld length incomplete penetration ( Note (7) ) Size and distribution of internal See BPV Code.5 in.3. tungsten inclusion.) in any 150 mm length of lack of fusion and (6 in.5 (1/16) ≤ 3 (1/8 ≤ 4 (5/32 ≤ 5 (3/16) C D E F G H I J K L M For Tw mm (in.5 mm (3/32 in. or elongated indication ≤ 2Tw Individual length ≤ 3 mm (1/8 in.)] Surface roughness ≤ 500 min.) limit is 1.) In any 150 mm penetration (6 in. Weld metal shall merge smoothly into the component surfaces.: ADCO DOC..5 in.

1). branch reinforcement.(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) Criteria are given for required examination. both reinforcement and internal protrusion are permitted in a weld. height is the lesser of the measurements made from the surfaces of the adjacent components.) in nominal thickness. Criteria are not intended to apply to welds made in accordance with a standard listed in Table A-1 or Table 326. 345. but are typical of the concentration and size of indications permitted.) (b) 2. (150 mm) radiographs. Where two sets of values are separated by “or”. More stringent criteria may be specified in the engineering design. 4-3 through 4-8 illustrate various types of assorted. Fillet weld includes socket and seal welds. TABLE 4-1 DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. internal protrusion does not apply.5 mm (1/16 in. e) Rounded Indications The rounded indications characterized as imperfections shall not exceed that shown in the charts (Fig 4-1 to 4-8 as referred in ASME Sec viii Div. Tw is the nominal wall thickness of the thinner of two components joined by a butt weld. These imperfections are evaluated only for welds ≤5mm (3/16 in.5 mm (3. and supports. Longitudinal groove weld includes straight and spiral seam. The charts in Figs. Fig. The distributions shown are not necessarily the patterns that may appear on the radiograph.5. and shall not be enlarged or reduced. The charts for each thickness range represent full-scale 6 in. 328.5.) For external reinforcement and for greater thickness. A PAGE DATE : 16 OF 24 . see the tabulation for symbol L.”_ the lesser of the values determines acceptance.) for thickness ≤ 2 mm (5/64 in.: ADCO DOC.2A. For fillet welds. For welds in aluminum alloy only.3 Branch connection weld includes pressure-containing welds in branches and fabricated laps. For groove welds. and attachment welds for slip-on flanges. Alternative Leak Test requires examination of these welds. internal protrusion shall not exceed the following values: (a) 1.9. Tightly butted unfused root faces are unacceptable.) for thickness >2 mm and ≤ 6 mm (1/4 in.5 and 341. randomly dispersed and clustered rounded indications for different weld thicknesses greater than 1/8 in. REV. the larger value is acceptable. (3 mm). NO. Where two limiting values are separated by “and. 341. see para. See also paras. height is measured from the theoretical throat. These charts represent the maximum acceptable concentration limits for rounded indications.1.32 in.

96 9.53 Maximum Size of Nonrelevant Indication.79 0.33 3.38 0.60 2. incl. Fig. NO.07 1.31 3.61 4.79 0.: ADCO DOC. REV.79 1.19 1.84 3. Over 50 GENERAL NOTE: Maximum Size of Acceptable Rounded Indication.79 0.60 This Table contains examples only.79 0.60 1. mm Random Isolated 1/4t 1/3t 0.78 3.98 2.35 3.27 3. 4-1: ALIGNED ROUNDED INDICATIONS DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. A PAGE DATE : 17 OF 24 .79 0.18 2.96 5.79 0.18 4.96 6.38 0.64 2.11 1.96 5. mm Less than 3 3 5 6 8 10 11 13 14 16 17 19.79 0.77 3.71 3.79 1.Thickness t. mm 1/10t 0.38 0.0 to 50.

(19 mm) fir t greater than 2¼ in.GENERAL NOTE: Sum of L1 to Lx shall be less than t in a length of 12t Fig.: ADCO DOC. 4-2: GROUPS OF ALIGNED ROUNDED INDICATIONS GENERAL NOTE: Sum of the group lengths shall be less than t in a length of 12t Maximum Group Length L = ¼ in. A PAGE DATE : 18 OF 24 . NO. (57 mm) Minimum Group Spacing 3L where L is the length of the longest adjacent group being evaluated Fig. (19 mm) L = 1/3t for t ¾ in. INCLUSIVE a) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (1) ) b) Isolated Indication ( See Note (2) ) Cluster NOTES: c) (1) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. (3 mm to 6 mm). DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. (6 mm) for t less than ¾ in. (57 mm) L = ¾ in. 4-3: CHARTS FOR t EQUAL TO 1/8 in. (19 mm) to 2¼ in. REV. (150 mm) length of weld (2) Maximum size per Table 4-1.

: ADCO DOC. A PAGE DATE : 19 OF 24 . (150 mm) length of weld. 4-5: CHARTS FOR t OVER 3/8 in. (19 mm to 50mm). b) Maximum size per Table 4-1. NO. (2) Maximum size per Table 4-1. TO 3/8 in. NOTES: Isolated Indication ( See Note (2) ) a) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. Fig. INCLUSIVE DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. 4-6: CHARTS FOR t OVER ¾ in. Fig. (10 mm to 19 mm). INCLUSIVE (a) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (1) ) b) Isolated Indication ( See Note (2) ) NOTES: (c) Cluster (1) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. 4-4: CHARTS FOR t OVER ¼ in. INCLUSIVE (a) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (1) ) a.Fig. to ¾ in. REV. to 2 in. (150 mm) length of weld. (6mm to 10 mm).

4-7: CHARTS FOR t OVER 2 in. (150 mm to 100 mm). Isolated Indication ( see Note (2) ) NOTES: a) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. to 4 in. REV. b) (2) Maximum size per Table 4-1. INCLUSIVE (a) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (1) ) (b) Isolated Indications ( See Note (2) ) NOTES: DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.: ADCO DOC. A PAGE DATE : 20 OF 24 . (150 mm) length of weld. NO. Fig.(a) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (1) ) a.

Fig. A PAGE DATE : 21 OF 24 . (100 mm) d) e) Random Rounded Indications ( See Note (a) ) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) (b) Isolated Indication ( See Note (2) ) NOTES: DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. REV. NO.: ADCO DOC. 4-8: CHARTS FOR t OVER 4 in.a) weld c) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. (150 mm ) length of Maximum size per Table 4-1.

NO. A PAGE DATE : 22 OF 24 . REV.: ADCO DOC. Welding process Testing procedure Testing technique Number of radiographs (exposures) Source type and activity (GBq) Source size (focal spot) Source to object distance Distance from source side of object to film Screen type & thickness Film type and class No of films per cassette IQI identity & type Sensitivity Density Date of test with technician name and signature Date of evaluation (if different) with name and signature • • • • • • • • • • • • 15. Item description Acceptance criteria Length of weld / diameter of weld Thickness and reinforcement Welder No.a) Typical concentration and size permitted in any 6 in. all radiographs shall be stored for five years minimum or for duration specified by the Client at location free from potential damage and in a DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No.0 RECORDS Where radiographs not handed to Client. as described in Annexure – 1 of this document.0 REPORTS Radiography report shall contain the following information as minimum. b) Maximum size per Table 4-1./ work order no. • • • • • • • • • • • • Report no Client Job no.2 The “burn through” detected shall be evaluated as a lack of penetration or internal cavity 14. (150 mm) length of weld. 13.

0 APPENDIX -1 Radiographic Inspection Report Form DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. REV. A PAGE DATE : 23 OF 24 .: ADCO DOC. refer to item 6. 16.1.2 above. with proper identity details on the package. NO.dry area to avoid fading and staining.

A PAGE DATE : 24 OF 24 . NO.: ADCO DOC.DOCUMENT TITLE: RADIOGRAPHY INSPECTION PROCEDURE Project No. REV.