GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) Section - Analysis of an Issue Question Sample Question "People often complain that
products are not made to last. They feel that making products that wear out fairly quickly wastes both natural and human resources. What they fail to see, however, is that such manufacturing practices keep costs down for the consumer and stimulate demand." Which do you find more compelling, the complaint about products that do not last or the response to it? Explain your position, using relevant reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or reading. Sample Answer The following sample paper would receive the highest rating: Many people feel that products are not made to last, and correspondingly, many natural and human resources are wasted. On the other hand, it can be noted that such manufacturing practices keep costs down and hence stimulate demand. In this discussion, I shall present arguments favoring the former statement and refuting the latter statement. Products that are not made to last waste a great deal of natural and human resources. The exact amount of wasted natural resources depends on the specific product. For example, in the automobile industry, the Yugo is the classic example of an underpriced vehicle that was not made to last. Considering that the average Yugo had (not "has," since they are no longer produced!) a life expectancy of two years and 25,000 miles, it was a terrible waste. Automobile industry standards today create vehicles that are warranteed for about five years and 50,000 miles. By producing cheap Yugos that last half as long as most cars are warranteed, the Yugo producer is wasting valuable natural resources. These same resources could be used by Ford or Toyota to produce an Escort or Tercel that will last twice as long, thereby reducing the usage of natural resources by a factor of two. Human resources in this example are also wasteful. On the production
s > q III. get no personal or professional satisfaction from the fact that their product is the worst automobile in the United States.m. the bad situation would have been even worse. This is a great waste of human resources for the consumer. so does the manufacturer. In the mid-1980s. s > t.. Saturn prides itself with its reputation for quality and innovation—as is seen in its recent massive recall to fix a defect. as he/she is about to drive to work. Conversely. manufacturers of a poor-quality automobile. People who argue that low quality manufacturing processes keep costs low for the consumer and hence stimulate demand should look at the Yugo example. While the consumer senses the waste of natural and human resources in a poor quality product. which of the following must be true? I. the workers at the Saturn plants constantly receive positive feedback on their successful products. the Yugo was no longer sold here and was synonymous with the word "lemon. By 1991. Any vehicle owner who is uncertain of his/her vehicle's performance at 7 a.Problem Solving Question Sample Question If u > t. such as the Yugo. Another factor in the human resources area is the reaction by the consumer. and t > r. r > q. This knowledge adversely affects the productivity of the Yugo workers. the Yugo was by far the cheapest car in the United States. Had a recall occurred at a Yugo plant. at $3.995. u > s II. This recall was handled so well that Saturn's image was actually bolstered. senses a great deal of despair. u > r * * * * * (A) I only (B) II only (C) III only (D) I and II (E) II and III
. A great deal of human resources have been wasted by Yugo owners waiting for the dreaded tow truck to show up to haul away the Yugo carcass.side." Quatitative Section .
* Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked.Data Sufficiency Question Sample Question Directions This data sufficiency problem consists of a question and two statements. you must indicate whether— * Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient. Question If a real estate agent received a commission of 6 percent of the selling price of a certain house. (A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient. plus your knowledge of mathematics and everyday facts (such as the number of days in July or the meaning of the word counterclockwise). * Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient. Using the data given in the statements. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question.
. Note: In data sufficiency problems that ask for the value of a quantity. but statement (1) alone is not sufficient. the data given in the statement are sufficient only when it is possible to determine exactly one numerical value for the quantity. in which certain data are given.(E) Quantitative Section . (B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.000. but statement (2) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked. * EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked. what was the selling price of the house? (1) The selling price minus the real estate agent's commission was $84. and additional data specific to the problem are needed. labeled (1) and (2). * BOTH statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question asked. but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked. (2) The selling price was 250 percent of the original purchase price of $36. but statement (2) alone is not sufficient. but statement (1) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked.600.
(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient. by nature. however. European perspective without recognizing that other perspectives are possible. Yet substantial evidence exists to the contrary. textbooks are culturally biased and that I am simply underestimating children's ability to see through these biases. My research suggests. settlers are pictured as more humane. In some textbooks. textbooks stereotype and depreciate the numerous Native American cultures while reinforcing the attitude that the European conquest of the New World denotes the superiority of European cultures. complex. political systems. One argument against my contention asserts that. Although textbooks evaluate Native American architecture. but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. skillful. Which of the following would most logically be the topic of the paragraph immediately following the passage?
. Given this. an ongoing. I contend that they do it from an ethnocentric. In essence. they know they cannot take textbooks literally. and homemaking.Reading Comprehension Question Sample Question Question Schools expect textbooks to be a valuable source of information for students. Some researchers even claim that by the time students are in high school. Answer (D) Verbal Section . careful review of how school textbooks depict Native Americans is certainly warranted. have conducted studies that suggest that children's attitudes about particular cultures are strongly influenced by the textbooks used in schools. for example.(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient. Two researchers. and wise than Native Americans. that textbooks that address the place of Native Americans within the history of the United States distort history to suit a particular cultural value system. (D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. for example.
* (A) specific ways to evaluate the biases of United States history textbooks * (B) the centrality of the teacher's role in United States history courses * (C) nontraditional methods of teaching United States history * (D) the contributions of European immigrants to the development of the United States * (E) ways in which parents influence children's political attitudes Answer (A) Verbal Question . * (C) The tariff on a radio imported from Country Q to Country Y is less than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Y. Even after transportation fees and tariff charges are added. Answer (C) Verbal Section . best support which of the following assertions? * (A) Labor costs in Country Q are ten percent below those in Country Y.Critical Reasoning Question Sample Question Question The cost of producing radios in Country Q is ten percent less than the cost of producing radios in Country Y. * (E) It takes ten percent less time to manufacture a radio in Country Q than it does in Country Y. if true. * (D) The fee for transporting a radio from Country Q to Country Y is more than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Q. The statements above. * (B) Importing radios from Country Q to Country Y will eliminate ten percent of the manufacturing jobs in Country Y. it is still cheaper for a company to import radios from Country Q to Country Y than to produce radios in Country Y.Sentence Correcion Question
follow the requirements of standard written English. or grammatical error. Question While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations. In choosing your answer. the other four are different. redundancy. (A) cost associated with (B) costs associated with (C) costs arising from (D) cost of (E) costs of Answer (B)
. If you think the original is best. ambiguity.Sample Question Directions This question presents a sentence. pay attention to grammar. Choose the answer that produces the most effective sentence. Beneath the sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. choose the first answer. choice of words. part of which or all of which is underlined. that is. many smaller regional and community banks are finding that the cost associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of new products and technical staff are prohibitive. this answer should be clear and exact. and sentence construction. without awkwardness. This question tests correctness and effectiveness of expression. The first of these repeats the original. otherwise choose one of the others.