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FX–50 FX–50E 50 WATT FM EXCITERS

June, 2001

IM No. 597–1050

IMPORTANT INFORMATION
EQUIPMENT LOST OR DAMAGED IN TRANSIT.
When delivering the equipment to you, the truck driver or carrier’s agent will present a receipt for your signature. Do not sign it until you have: 1) inspected the containers for visible signs of damage and 2) counted the containers and compared with the amount shown on the shipping papers. If a shortage or evidence of damage is noted, insist that notation to that effect be made on the shipping papers before you sign them. Further, after receiving the equipment, unpack it and inspect thoroughly for concealed damage. If concealed damage is discovered, immediately notify the carrier, confirming the notification in writing, and secure an inspection report. This item should be unpacked and inspected for damage WITHIN 15 DAYS after receipt. Claims for loss or damage will not be honored without proper notification of inspection by the carrier.

RF PRODUCT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE – REPAIR SERVICE – REPLACEMENT PARTS.
Technical assistance is available from Broadcast Electronics by letter, prepaid telephone, fax, or E–mail. Equipment requiring repair or overhaul should be sent by common carrier, prepaid, insured, and well protected. If proper shipping materials are not available, contact the Customer Service Department for a shipping container. Do not the mail equipment. We can assume no liability for inbound damage, and necessary repairs become the obligation of the shipper. Prior arrangement is necessary. Contact the Customer Service Department for a Return Authorization. Emergency and warranty replacement parts may be ordered from the following address. Be sure to include the equipment model number, serial number, part description, and part number. Non–emergency replacement parts may be ordered directly from the Broadcast Electronics stock room by fax at the number shown below. FACILITY CONTACTS – Broadcast Electronics, Inc. – Quincy Facility 4100 N. 24th St. P.O. BOX 3606 Quincy, Illinois 62305 Telephone: (217) 224–9600 Fax: (217) 224–9607 E–Mail: General – bdcast@bdcast.com Web Site: www.bdcast.com RF PRODUCT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE – REPAIR – EMERGENCY/WARRANTY REPLACEMENT PARTS – Telephone: (217) 224–9600 E–Mail: rfservice@bdcast.com Fax: (217) 224–9607 NON–EMERGENCY REPLACEMENT PARTS – Fax: (217) 224–9609

RETURN, REPAIR, AND EXCHANGES.
Do not return any merchandise without our written approval and Return Authorization. We will provide special shipping instructions and a code number that will assure proper handling and prompt issuance of credit. Please furnish complete details as to circumstances and reasons when requesting return of merchandise. All returned merchandise must be sent freight prepaid and properly insured by the customer.

WARRANTY ADJUSTMENT.
Broadcast Electronics, Inc. warranty is included in the Terms and Conditions of Sale. In the event of a warranty claim, replacement or repair parts will be supplied F.O.B. factory. At the discretion of Broadcast Electronics, the customer may be required to return the defective part or equipment to Broadcast Electronics, Inc. F.O.B. Quincy, Illinois. Warranty replacements of defective merchandise will be billed to your account. This billing will be cleared by a credit issued upon return of the defective item.

PROPRIETARY NOTICE.
This document contains proprietary data of Broadcast Electronics, Inc. No disclosure, reproduction, or use of any part thereof may be made except by prior written permission.

MODIFICATIONS.
Broadcast Electronics, Inc. reserves the right to modify the design and specifications of the equipment in this manual without notice. Any modifications shall not adversely affect performance of the equipment so modified.

SCOPE OF MANUAL
This manual comprises two sections providing the following information for the Broadcast Electron ics FX-50/E FM Exciter. A. PART I - Contains information relative to installation, operation, and maintenance of the overall exciter. B. PART II - Contains detailed information for the following assemblies within the exciter and any optional equipment: 1. Power Supply/Control Circuit Board 2. Metering Circuit Board 3. Modulated Oscillator Assembly 4. AFC/PLL Circuit Board 5. RF Amplifier Assembly 6. Optional Synchronous FM Booster System

PART I - TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-5 1-7 1-7 1-11 1-13 1-14 1-15 1-16 1-17 1-18 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-6 2-8 2-9 2-10 2-17 2-18 2-19 2-28 2-29 2-30 © Broadcast Electronics 1991 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Printed in the U.S.A. GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Related Publications Equipment Description FX-50 And FX-50E Models Physical Description Electrical Description Metering Status Displays Automatic Frequency Control Control Circuit RF Amplifier Equipment Specifications INSTALLATION Introduction Unpacking Installation Preliminary Installation Environmental Considerations AC Line Voltage Programming Placement Slide-Rail installation And Transmitter Mounting Operating Function Programming Gain Selection Wiring RF Output 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-1 2-4 2-4 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-6 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-1 1-2 1-2 1-2 1-2 1-3 1-3 1-3 1-3 PAGE NO.

-i -

3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 3-1 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-2 4-2 4-2 4-2 4-5 5-1 5-1 5-1 5-1 5-2 5-2 5-2 5-5 5-6 5-6 5-6 6-1 -ii - .SECTION II 2-31 2-32 2-40 2-41 2-44 2-47 2-49 2-58 2-62 INSTALLATION (Con't) Ground Remote Control Monophonic Audio Connections Connection of Composite Stereo Signal Sources Connection of SCA Signal Sources Synchronous Booster Option Exciter Checkout Low-Pass Filter Installation Remote Exciter Connections 2-7 2-7 2-8 2-8 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-10 2-10 PARAGRAPH SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-6 3-12 SECTION IV 4-1 4-4 4-5 4-7 4-11 4-15 4-17 4-20 4-25 4-27 SECTION V 5-1 5-3 5-5 5-8 5-11 5-13 5-15 5-18 5-24 5-25 5-27 SECTION VI 6-1 OPERATION Introduction Controls and Indicators Operation Turn On Turn Off THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Power Supply/Control Circuits Power Supply Circuit Control Circuit Remote Control/Status Interfacing And RFI Filter Network Metering Circuit AFC/PLL Circuit Modulated Oscillator Circuit RF Amplifier Assembly MAINTENANCE Introduction Safety Considerations First Level Maintenance Second Level Maintenance Adjustments Troubleshooting DC Voltmeter Component Replacement Integrated Circuits Exciter Preparation for Shipment Exciter Frequency Change PARTS LIST Introduction PAGE NO.

AFC/PLL Circuit Board 5.SECTION VII 7-1 APPENDIX A A-1 DRAWINGS Introduction MANUFACTURERS DATA Introduction A-1 7-1 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO. 1-3 1-5 2-8 3-2 3-3 5-3 5-3 6-1 PART II . Optional Synchronous FM Booster System -iii - . 1-2 2-2 2-5 2-6 2-10 3-4 4-3 5-4 LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO. 1-1 1-2 2-1 3-1 3-2 5-1 5-2 6-1 DESCRIPTION FX-50/E Exciter Specifications Physical and Environmental Specifications Remote FX-50/E Exciter Connections FX-50/E Control and Indicators Power/VSWR Conversion Typical Meter Indications AC Power Requirements Replaceable Parts List Index PAGE NO.TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Metering Circuit Board 3. Modulated Oscillator Assembly 4. RF Amplifier Assembly 6. 1-1 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 3-1 4-1 5-1 DESCRIPTION FX-50/E Exciter FX-50/E Rear-Panel Connections FX-50/E Component Location Diagram AFC/PLL Circuit Board Gain Connections Low-Pass Filter Installation FX-50/E Controls and Indicators FX-50/E Overall Simplified Schematic FX-50/E Assembly PAGE NO. Power Supply/Control Circuit Board 2.

Recommended Spare Semiconductor Kit. 1-4. solid-state with automatic power control and synthesized frequency control. Optional Slave Synchronous FM Booster Circuit Board. 50/60 Hz. 1-2. PART NO. CE compliant. rack mount. 50/60 Hz. However. Information presented by this section provides a general description of the FX-50/E FM Exciter features and lists equipment specifications. solid-state with automatic power control and synthesized frequency control. 1-3. and 3) only a single rear-panel composite audio input re ceptacle (unbalanced).SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1. The following list of publications provides data for equipment and options associated with the FX-50/E FM Exciters. and RF ampifier circuitry. 100% Spare Semiconductor Kit. FX-50 909-1051-325 FX-50E 909-1050-329 ------------------------1-7. the FX-50E meets stringent CE standards for locations requiring CE certification. The units both exhibit excellent performance specifications. However. FX-50E models are equipped with: 1) additional input/output and ac line filtering. The FX-50/E exciters are available in several configurations. Both units contain identical control. INTRODUCTION. 220V/240V ac. 1-8. Spare Parts Kit. Solid-state with automatic power control and synthesized frequency control. 3-50 Watt FM exciter. 1-6. 3-50 Watt FM exciter. Optional Low-Pass Filter. RELATED PUBLICATIONS. 50 Hz. metering. Optional FM Notch Filter. 240V ac. 2) a 25-pin Dtype remote interface connector. PUBLICATION NUMBER 597-0008-004 597-9900 EQUIPMENT FC-30 SCA Generator LYNX FM Digital Stereo Generator 1-5. 909-1051-225 DESCRIPTION 3-50 Watt FM exciter. MODEL FX-50 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION. rack mount. and options available. 120V ac. spare parts kits. Optional Master Synchronous FM Booster Circuit Board. The FX-50 and the FX-50E FM exciters are nearly identical in contruction and features (refer to Figure 1-1). 909-0124 909-0131 909-0132 979-1053 979-1052 979-1051 979-0152 959-0315 FX-50 AND FX-50E MODELS. rack mount. Remote Exciter Kit. Refer to the following list for various exciter models. 1-1 .

Multimeter functions are identified by large LED indica tors which illuminate when a function switch is operated. A tapped dual primary power transformer and a voltage selector allows operation from a wide range of ac input potentials. Front-panel test receptacles allow measurements of the composite signal without removing the top-cover. The Broadcast Electronics FX-50/E exciters are solid-state wideband FM units providing a continuously variable RF output from 3 to 50 watts into a 50 Ohm load at any frequency within the 87 to 109 MHz FM broadcast band in 10 kHz increments. In addition. 1-13. METERING. three preset limits. in put and output connections are routed to a rear-panel 25-pin D-Type connector and sever al BNC connectors. Additional LEDs are incorporated on the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly to indicate the status of operating potentials and monitor reference oscillator and modulated oscillator circuit conditions. a color coded moving bar LED display is incorporated to indicate peak modulation percentage in increments of 5%. Typical performance exhibits extremely low dis tortion with THD and IMD less than 0. 1-12. The FX-50/E chassis is equipped with slide rails to allow easy access to all assemblies when the unit is extended from the rack. and operating frequency stabilization. 1-10. The FX-50/E accepts multiple wideband composite inputs from a stereo generator or SCA generator in addition to a 600 Ohm balanced monaural input. On FX-50 units. The FX-50/E exciters are designed with front-panel LEDs to indicate the status of three main exciter operating potentials. On FX-50E units. Removal and installation of assemblies within the exciter is facilitated by the semimodular mechanical construction. Exciter operating parameters are monitored by a front-panel digital LCD multimeter and an LED display. INC 597-1050-1 ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION. 1-2 . Each assembly is firmly mounted to the main chassis and electrically connected to the main wiring harness with plugs and jacks. FX-50/E EXCITER 1-11.1-9. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION.003% and a typical signal-to-noise ratio of 94 dB. 1-14. input and output connections are routed to a rear-panel terminal strip and several BNC connectors. COPYRIGHT FIGURE 1-1. STATUS DISPLAYS. The multimeter can also be op erated as a high-impedance test meter for internal measurements. © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

87 MHz to 109 MHz Digitally Programmable in 10 kHz Increments. over-voltage conditions. 50/60 Hz.F.1-15. Meets or exceeds all FCC. 1-16. An optional low-pass filter can be installed in the exciter to convert the exciter to a low power trans mitter for connection to an antenna. +32°F to +122°F (0°C to +50°C). LED Display with Baseband Over-Modulation Indicator. high VSWR conditions. protects the RF output circuitry from excessive temperatures. Color Coded. ±350 kHz. 230W Maximum. HARMONIC AND SPURIOUS SUPPRESSION (CONDUCTED) FREQUENCY RANGE FREQUENCY STABILITY MODULATION TYPE MODULATION CAPABILITY MODULATION INDICATION ASYNCHRONOUS AM SIGNALTO-NOISE RATIO 1-3 . 80 dB Below Equivalent Reference Carrier with 100% Amplitude Modulation @ 400 Hz and 75 Microsecond Deemphasis (No FM Modulation Present). FX-50/E EXCITER SPECIFICATIONS (Sheet 1 of 3) PARAMETER SPECIFICATIONS 97 to 133V ac or 194 to 266V ac. and CCIR standards. RF AMPLIFIER. and short circuit conditions. 3 Watts to 50 Watts. EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS. Refer to Table 1-1 for electrical specifications and Table 1-2 for physical and environ mental specifications of the FX-50/E FM Exciters. Continuously Variable (BNC Connector) Open and Short Circuit Protected. A temperature compensated reference oscillator and a dual-speed phase-locked-loop controlling the carrier frequency locks the frequency of the modulated oscillator to the precision reference frequency oscillator allowing prompt on-frequency operation of the exciter from a cold start. Direct FM at the Carrier Frequency. ±300 Hz. 1-19. The FX-50/E will achieve fre quency lock from a cold start in less than five seconds. 1-18. Tuning of the amplifier is not required. The control circuitry provides automatic control of RF output to maintain a preset power output. DOC. AUTOMATIC FREQUENCY CONTROL. 1-17. CONTROL CIRCUIT. 50 Ohms. TABLE 1-1. the control circuitry eliminates adjustments after the initial setup. The RF amplifier is a broadbanded 3 to 50 watt amplifier covering the en tire commercial FM broadcast band. 230W Maximum. In addition. 50/60 Hz. AC INPUT POWER REQUIREMENTS FX-50 FX-50E RF OUTPUT IMPEDANCE POWER OUTPUT R. Peak Reading. 240V ac Nominal.

5 Function LCD Plus Diagnostic Aid. 90 dB Below ±75 kHz Deviation @ 400 Hz (93 dB Typical). Composite Input and Composite Output. for ±75 kHz Deviation. 30 Hz to 53 kHz. 3. Internal High Input Impedance Multimeter with Probe for Internal dc Measurements. 0.003% Typical).005% or Less (0. 0. 10 k Ohm or 50 Ohm.5V p-p Nominal. 94 dB (96 dB Typical) with A weighting. 3 Total. Measured within a 20 Hz to 200 kHz Bandwidth with 75 Microsecond Deemphasis. Programmable Jumper Selected. Unbalanced (1) and Front Panel Test Provision (1) (BNC Connectors) SPECIFICATIONS 60 dB Below Equivalent Reference Carrier with 100% Amplitude Modulation @ 1 kHz (FM Modulation: ±75 kHz @ 400 Hz).TABLE 1-2. Nominal. 25-Pin D-Type Connector and 4 BNC Connectors.01% or Less (Square Wave/Sine Wave). 60 Hz/7 kHz 1:1 ratio. 16 Terminal Barrier Strip and 5 BNC Connectors.003% Typical) at 400 Hz. 1-4 . 2 Total. ±0.1° from Linear Phase 30 Hz to 53 kHz. Resistive. FX-50/E EXCITER SPECIFICATIONS (Sheet 2 of 3) PARAMETER SYNCHRONOUS AM SIGNALTO-NOISE RATIO MULTIMETER TEST METERING FRONT PANEL TEST CONNECTIONS AUDIO/CONTROL CONNECTIONS FX-50 FX-50E WIDEBAND COMPOSITE OPERATION COMPOSITE INPUTS FX-50 FX-50E COMPOSITE INPUT IMPEDANCE UNBALANCED BALANCED COMPOSITE INPUT LEVEL COMPOSITE FM SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO 10 k Ohm. ±3% Accurate.025 dB. ±0. Unbalanced (1) and Balanced (1) Plus Front Panel Test Provision (1) (BNC Connectors).005% or Less (0. COMPOSITE HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE COMPOSITE SMPTE INTERMODULATION DISTORTION COMPOSITE TRANSIENT IMD COMPOSITE AMPLITUDE RESPONSE COMPOSITE PHASE RESPONSE 0.

94 dB (96 dB Typical) with A weighting. Meets CE Specifications. 40 kHz to 100 kHz.005% or Less. Adaptable to Other Impedances. ±0. 15 kHz/14 kHz 1:1 Ratio. 90 dB Below ±75 kHz Deviation @ 400 Hz (93 dB Typical) Measured in a 20 Hz to 15 kHz Bandwidth with 75 Microsecond Deemphasis. ±0. 60 Hz to 7 kHz. SCA INPUTS SCA INPUT IMPEDANCE COMPOSITE CCIF INTERMODULATION DISTORTION SCA INPUT LEVEL SCA AMPLITUDE RESPONSE MONAURAL OPERATION AUDIO INPUT IMPEDANCE AUDIO INPUT LEVEL AUDIO FREQUENCY RESPONSE HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE SMPTE INTERMODULATION DISTORTION CCIF INTERMODULATION DISTORTION TRANSIENT INTERMODULATION DISTORTION FM SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO 1-5 .5V p-p Nominal for ±7. 30 Hz to 5 kHz (Measured using BE FS-30 Stereo Generator). 30 Hz to 100 kHz. 50 or 75 Microsecond Preemphasis. 4:1 Ratio.005% or Less. 0. 0. FX-50/E EXCITER SPECIFICATIONS (Sheet 3 of 3) PARAMETER COMPOSITE GROUP DELAY VARIATION STEREOPHONIC SEPARATION SPECIFICATIONS ±5 Nanoseconds. 0. 15 kHz/14 kHz.01% or Less (Square Wave/Sine Wave). REGULATORY FX-50E ONLY SAFETY FX-50/FX-50E Meets IEC 215 Specifications.TABLE 1-1.5 kHz Deviation. 52 dB. 600 Ohms Balanced. Selectable Flat.2 dB. 60 dB Common Mode Suppression. +10 dBm Nominal for ±75 kHz Deviation @ 400 Hz. 30 Hz to 15 kHz. 100 k Ohm.005% or Less. 30 Hz to 15 kHz and 60 dB. Resistive. 1:1 ratio.5 dB. 3. 25.005% or Less at 400 Hz. Nominal. 0. Adaptable to Other Levels. 0. 3 Total. Unbalanced BNC Connectors. Resistive.

38 Pounds (17. 19. PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS PARAMETER PHYSICAL WEIGHT: PACKED UNPACKED DIMENSIONS: HEIGHT WIDTH DEPTH ENVIRONMENTAL AMBIENT OPERATING TEMPERATURE HUMIDITY ALTITUDE +32°F to +122°F (0°C to +50°C) Operational to -20°C.70 Inches (44.9 cm). 0 to 15. Non-Condensing. SPECIFICATION 1-6 .TABLE 1-2.000 Feet (4572 m) Above Sea Level.8 kg).25 Inches (13.2 kg).3 cm). 46 Pounds (20.3 cm).00 Inches (48. 95% Maximum. 5. 17.

and 3) Exciter Checkout. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS. operated. Table 1-2 (SECTION I. 2-6. AC LINE VOLTAGE PROGRAMMING. circuitry. 2-5. THE FX-50E CAN ONLY OPERATE FROM A 240V AC SUPPLY. 2-7. tested. WARNING WARNING CAUTION CAUTION ENSURE ALL RACK POWER IS DEENERGIZED BE FORE ATTEMPTING EXCITER INSTALLATION. INTRODUCTION. ENSURE THE LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR IS CONFIGURED TO 240V. All shipping materials should be retained until it is determined that the unit has not been damaged. 2-11. The FX-50/E exciters are programmed for the appropriate line voltage when shipped from the factory. Remove any packing material from the outside of the exciter. or if the unit is damaged electrically or mechanically. 2) Wiring. and installation requirements. The contents of the shipment should be as indicated on the packing list.SECTION II INSTALLATION 2-1. Carefully unpack the exciter. the unit can be operated from a 110V or 220V ac supply. 2-10. 2-13. 2-12. Perform a visual inspection to determine that no apparent damage has been incurred during shipment. notify both the carrier and Broadcast Electronics. 2-9. 2-2. INSTALLATION. Installation is accomplished as follows: 1) Preliminary Installa tion. THEREFORE. Prior to installation. For FX-50 models. This section contains information required for installation and preliminary checkout of the Broadcast Electronics FX-50/E FM Exciters. nomenclature. The FX-50E can only operate from a 240V ac supply. 2-4. The equipment becomes the property of the customer when the equipment is delivered to the carrier. 2-1 . and inspected at the factory prior to shipment and is ready for installation when received. 2-3. Claims for damaged equipment must be promptly filed with the carrier or the carrier may not accept the claim. GENERAL INFORMA TION) provides physical and environmental conditions which should be considered prior to FX-50/E installation. 2-8. ensure the line voltage selector is configured to 240V. If the contents are incomplete. Check the ac line voltage programming as follows: Place the exciter on a work surface. Therefore. Inc. PRELIMINARY INSTALLATION. this publication should be studied to obtain a thorough understanding of the operation. UNPACKING. Each exciter is assembled.

FX-50/E REAR-PANEL CONNECTIONS (SHEET 1 OF 2) 597-1050-66 .2-2 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC FIGURE 2-1.

597-1050-67
COPYRIGHT

©

1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS, INC

FIGURE 2-1. FX-50/E REAR-PANEL CONNECTIONS (SHEET 2 OF 2)

2-3

2-14.

Refer to Figure 2-1 and ensure the appropriate primary ac line voltage is visible on the AC LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR circuit board (115/120V or 230/240V). The following text presents the ac line voltage programming: LINE VOLTAGE 97-115V 115-133V 194-230V 230-266V VOLTAGE SELECTOR PROGRAMMING 100V 120V 220V 240V

2-15.

If an alternate ac line voltage is required, remove the AC LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR circuit board with a small pair of needle nose pliers. Re-insert the circuit board so that the correct ac line voltage is visible when the circuit board is inserted into the receptacle. Ensure the line fuse and spare fuse are both slow-blow types and rated at 3.0 amperes for the 100 to 120 volt range or 1.5 ampere for the 220 to 240 volt range.

2-16. 2-17.

PLACEMENT. The FX-50/E exciters may be installed in any convenient location in a 19

inch (48.3 cm) rack within reach of signal and power cables. The exciter should not be in stalled directly above or below heat generating equipment, otherwise no special require ments need be observed.

2-18.

SLIDE-RAIL INSTALLATION AND TRANSMITTER MOUNTING. The FX-50/E is designed to be mounted in a rack using slide rails. To install the slide rails, proceed as follows:
A. Locate the slide rail mounting brackets and the movable portion of each slide rail in the accessory kit. B. Refer to Figure 7-6, SECTION VII, DRAWINGS and secure the slide rail mounting brackets to the respective side of the rack cabinet with the hardware supplied.

CAUTION CAUTION

ENSURE THE SLIDE RAILS ARE PARALLEL TO EACH OTHER AND LEVEL BEFORE DRILLING ANY HOLES TO MOUNT THE REAR OF THE SLIDE RAILS.

C. Secure the movable portion of the slide rail to the mounting brackets with the hardware supplied. D. After the slide rails are mounted, lift the exciter onto the rails over the slide stops and push the exciter into the rack. 2-19.

OPERATING FUNCTION PROGRAMMING. The FX-50/E exciters are equipped with

several programmable operating functions. Refer to the following text and program the operating functions as desired.

2-20. 2-21. 2-22. 2-23.

Pull the exciter forward until the slide rail stops are encountered. Loosen the eight turn-lock fasteners on the top of the exciter and remove the top cover. Remove any packing material from the inside of the exciter. Refer to Figure 2-2 and ensure AUTO-PWR-MAN switch S1 and NORM-EXT switch S2 on the power supply/control circuit board assembly are operated to AUTO and to NORM respectively. POS-MUTE-NEG switch S3 on the power supply/control circuit board is provided to se lect the RF mute input logic polarity (refer to Figure 2-2). S3 must be in the POS position when the FX-50/E is operated with a Broadcast Electronics transmitter or as a standalone unit. Switch S3 is factory operated to the POS position prior to shipping.

2-24.

2-4

COPYRIGHT

© 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS, INC 597-1050-9

FIGURE 2-2. FX-50/E COMPONENT LOCATION DIAGRAM

2-25.

Refer to the final test data sheets shipped with the exciter and ensure the 3 SYNTHE SIZER FREQUENCY SELECTION switches on the AFC/PLL assembly are correctly positioned. Refer to Figure 2-2 and remove the two shipping screws which secure the modulated oscil lator assembly to operate the shock mounts. Replace the top cover on the exciter and secure the eight turn-lock fasteners on the top of the cover.

2-26. 2-27. 2-28.

GAIN SELECTION. The gain of the balanced monophonic audio processing circuit on the
AFC/PLL circuit board is selectable for input levels ranging from 0.0 dB to +10 dB. The FX-50/E is shipped from the factory for an input level of +10 dB. If an alternate level is required, refer to Figure 2-3 and connect the appropriate resistor between terminals E1 and E2 as determined by the following information.

2-5

RF OUTPUT. 2-30. ENSURE ALL SYSTEM POWER IS DISCONNECTED BE FORE PROCEEDING. WIRING. © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.INPUT LEVEL +10 dBm +8 dBm +4 dBm 0. INC 597-1050-17 FIGURE 2-3. Refer to Figure 2-1 and connect a coaxial cable (located in the accessory kit) between the RF OUTPUT connector on the exciter rear-panel and a 50 Ohm RF load ca pable of dissipating the output of the exciter.0 dBm RESISTOR VALUE OMIT 39k Ohm 10k Ohm 4. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD GAIN CONNECTIONS COPYRIGHT 2-6 .7k Ohm WARNING WARNING 2-29.

2-38. When the AFC circuit unlocks. 2-37. The control range is from 0-6 V dc. When S2 is operated to EXT. The reflected power meter indication will provide a 2. J1-2. Operate switch S3 on the power supply/control circuit board to POS.WARNING WARNING 2-31. 2) operating switch S2 to EXT. When S3 is operated to NEG. The FX-50/E exciters are designed for remote control operation (re fer to Figure 2-1). Remote RF Power Metering. Remote Power Control Option. The following text presents a description of the remote control and indicator functions. and J2-3 on FX-50 units and J1-1. +20 Or Ext. Connect a normally closed switch between J2-6 and J2-7 on FX-50 units and J1-6 and J1-7 on FX-50E units. the relay will open. The relay contacts are rated at 125V @ . The indicator will be open when the AFC circuit is unlocked. Switch S3 on the pow er supply/control circuit board is provided to select the RF mute input logic polarity. The option will be available at a future date. Automatic Frequency Control Relay. REMOTE CONTROL. When S2 on the power supply/control board is operated to NORM. Over-Temperature Indicator. 2-7 .5 Amps and are located at J2-1. 2. The forward power meter indication will provide a 11. proceed as follows: 1. ENSURE THE EXCITER CASE IS CONNECTED TO EARTH GROUND. When the FX-50/E is operating as an independent unit. 2-32. When the AFC circuit is locked. When the FX-50/E is installed as an exciter in a transmitter system. Connect the remote metering to J2-9/J2-10 on FX-50 units and J1-9/J1-10 on FX-50E units. 2-36. GROUND. and 3) connecting the remote power supply circuit to J2-6 on FX-50 units and J1-6 on FX-50E units. a greater than +5V signal is required to mute the transmitter output. the relay is used for the connection of an interlock to dis able the transmitter RF power supply. 3. The FX-50/E units are equipped with remote reflected/for ward power meter indications. Refer to Figure 2-1 and connect the wiring to J2-8 on FX-50 units and J1-8 on FX-50E units. 2-34. 2-33. To mute the transmitter. The exciter will interface with almost any remote control unit or panel. the terminal operates as a +20V supply. Both the FX-50 and FX-50E are equipped with an overtemperature indicator. the terminal operates as an ana log RF control input port. 2-35. control the trans mitter RF output power by: 1) constructing a remote power control circuit to output a spe cific DC voltage to select a transmitter power level.0 VDC signal at 4W. the relay is closed. An up remote power control option is pro vided at J2-11 on FX-50 units and J1-11 on FX-50E units. and J1-3 on FX-50E units. 2-39. The AFC indicator is located at J2-5 on FX-50 units and J1-5 on FX-50E units. An Automatic-Frequency-Control relay is provided to control equipment connected external to the unit. The FX-50/E is equipped with an RF mute control input. Refer to Figure 2-1 and remove the jumper between J2-6 and J2-7 on FX-50 units and J1-6 and J1-7 on FX-50E units. J2-2. If desired. When S3 is operated to POS. the relay can be used to control an external alarm.5 VDC signal at 50W. The indicator will output a HIGH (+18V dc) when the RF amplifier heat-sink temperature exceeds approximately 65°C. A down remote power control option is provided at J2-12 on FX-50 units and J1-12 on FX-50E units. The +20/EXT terminal functions as a +20V supply or an analog RF control in put port. The automatic frequency control indicator pro vides a signal to indicate when the transmitter AFC circuit is locked. RF Mute. Automatic Frequency Control Indicator. a +0V signal is required to mute the transmitter output. Ensure a ground wire is connected from terminal 4 of the exciter rear-panel terminal board to earth ground.

CONNECTION OF COMPOSITE STEREO SIGNAL SOURCES. Therefore. A front-panel COMPOSITE TEST IN connector functions in the same manner as the un balanced composite input. 2-48. The FX-50/E units are equipped with a bal anced 600 ohm monophonic audio input (refer to Figure 2-1). A second coaxial cable is provided to connect an SCA or composite input to the exciter. The input is designed to ac cept a +10 dBm signal at 600 Ohms. 2-8 . rear-panel receptacle SUB-1 is used as the input/output connection for a reference frequency. If the unit is equipped with the FM synchronous booster system. Each input is also compatible with any SCA generator using a dc coupled input for the transmission of data. Refer to Figure 2-1 and connect the external signal inputs and remote control wiring as required.5V p-p (1. Typically. the output level on the composite source must be adjusted to obtain 100% peak modulation as indicated by the modulation display (145% range). the BAL input must be used if ground loops and hum are present be tween the exciter and composite source. installation and operating information is provided in the SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER SYSTEM section of this manual. SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER OPTION. 2-47. SUB-2. The BAL input is ac coupled at the input and equipped with common mode rejection cir cuitry.5V P-P (1. The FX-50E is equipped with a single unbalanced composite input (COMPOSITE INPUT UNBAL). Connect audio to the transmitter as follows: AUDIO SIGNAL + SHIELD FX-50 J2-13 J2-14 J2-15 FX-50E J1-14 J1-15 J1-16 2-41. Refer to the SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER SYSTEM section of this manual and perform the installation procedures as required. the output level of the source must be adjusted to obtain the desired peak modulation as indicated by the modulation display (14. Both the COMPOSITE INPUT UNBAL and BAL receptacles require a level of 3.5% range). 2-46. 2-43. 2-44.24 VRMS) will modulate the FM carrier 10% at ±7.2-40. The option consists of a: 1) master configuration and 2) slave configuration. If the synchronous FM booster option is to be installed in the field. CONNECTION OF SCA SIGNAL SOURCES. If these inputs are used. An input of 3. 2-42. The transmitter can be equipped with a syn chronous FM booster system option. The FX-50 is equipped with one balanced and one unbalanced composite input on the rear-panel (COMPOSITE INPUT BAL and UNBAL). Each input is ac coupled and accepts frequencies from 40 kHz to 100 kHz. and SUB-3 are provided on the rear-panel.24 VRMS) to modulate the carrier at ±75 kHz. SCA unbalanced input receptacles SUB-1. These jacks may be used entirely inde pendent of each other and will accept frequencies of less than 1 Hz to 100 kHz. 2-45. The FM booster system configures a slave booster to be locked to the frequency of the master booster.5 kHz. These inputs are for the connection to a compos ite stereo source such as a stereo generator or composite STL receiver (refer to Figure 2-1). the master/slave booster options are installed at the factory. MONOPHONIC AUDIO CONNECTIONS. A coaxial cable is provided in the accessory kit for the connec tions of a composite stereo or SCA signal to the transmitter. A coaxial cable is provided in the accessory kit for the connec tions of a composite stereo or SCA signal to the transmitter. When using an SCA input.

Before proceeding. The multimeter will indicate approximately 5 watts. 2-54. dependent upon carrier frequency.0 volts. EXCITER CHECKOUT.2-49. E. The multimeter will indicate approximately 1. A. 2-55. B. The multimeter will indicate a potential within the range of +2. Ensure the chassis ground connection is secure. Ensure all external cabling is properly dressed and secured. F. Using an insulated adjustment tool. Connect the exciter to an appropriate power source with the power cord provided. A. C. 2-9 . The multimeter WATTS and FWD indicators will illuminate.0 amperes (assuming an RF output power of 5 Watts). -20V. A. B. The multimeter VOLTS and AFC indicators will illuminate. B. the LOCK status indicator will illuminate. and +5V status indicators will illuminate.0 volts to +9. A. Ensure all connections are secure. A. The fol lowing events will occur. Depress the multimeter PAI switch. Ensure the RF output is properly connected. Refer to the final test data sheets for the correct voltage indication. The multimeter will indicate a potential within the range of +5.0 volts to +7. The multimeter AMPS and PAI indicators will illuminate. Extend the exciter forward on the slide rails to expose the R. Ensure all signal inputs are secure. B. check the following: A. B. C. POWER OUTPUT ADJ. D. The +20V. The multimeter VOLTS and PAV indicators will illuminate. Depress the multimeter FWD switch. B. D. control access hole in the left side of the top cover. 2-50.F. 2-52. 2-53. THE PRIMARY AC POWER USED MUST BE THE SAME AS DISPLAYED ON THE AC LINE VOLTAGE SELECTOR CIRCUIT BOARD. The fan will begin to operate. Depress the multimeter PAV switch.0 volts (assuming an RF output power of 5 Watts). CAUTION CAUTION 2-51. Ensure primary power is properly programmed. Depress the multimeter AFC switch. adjust the exciter output power to the level required by the transmitter. After approximately 5 seconds.

2-59. 2-61. LOW-PASS FILTER INSTALLATION. Refer to Table 2-1 and connect the cable to the exciter rear-pan el as described. Connect the short coaxial cable (supplied) between filter receptacle J2 and the RF OUTPUT receptacle. The following text provides information required to connect a remote FX-50/E exciter to a tube-type B/T series FM transmitter. Remove the coaxial cable from the RF OUTPUT receptacle and connect to filter input re ceptacle J1. 2-57. 2-10 . The FX-50/E can be equipped with an optional low-pass filter to allow the unit to operate as a low power transmitter. DISCONNECT EXCITER PRIMARY POWER BEFORE PROCEEDING. INC 597-1050-20 FIGURE 2-4.WARNING WARNING 2-56. The exciter interface cable is stored in the transmit ter cabinet for shipment. Remove the exciter top-panel. The optional low-pass filter is installed as follows. 2-60. 2-63. Disconnect the RF load and connect the exciter output to the transmitter RF input connec tor. Refer to Figure 2-4 and secure the low-pass filter to the inside rear-panel with the hardware supplied. Disconnect ac primary power from the exciter. When installation is complete. © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. 2-58. LOW-PASS FILTER INSTALLATION COPYRIGHT 2-62. replace the exciter top-panel. REMOTE EXCITER CONNECTIONS.

REMOTE FX-50/E EXCITER CONNECTIONS WIRE 283 244 245 246 247 248 FX-50 J2-4 J2-5 J2-7 J2-8 J2-9 J2-10 FX-50E J1-4 J1-5 J1-7 J1-8 J1-9 J1-10 2-11 .TABLE 2-1.

Locate the quotient in the POWER RATIO column. the LOCK indicator will illuminate to indicate operating frequency stabilization. TURN ON. 3-12. 3-8. 3-2.SECTION III OPERATION 3-1. INTRODUCTION. To use the table. 3-9. The flushing fan will operate. The multimeter will be operated to the forward power function and indicate a previously adjusted RF output level. 3-10. Operate the multimeter reflected switch to illuminate the RFL indicator and record the multimeter reflected power indication . 3-4. The following events will occur: A. After a delay of approximately 5 seconds. The VSWR is listed across from the POWER RATIO entry. Operate the transmitter filament power to ON. If the exciter primary circuit is connected to the transmitter filament supply. and +5V operating voltage status indicators will immediately illuminate. Refer to Figure 3-1 for the location of all controls and indicators associated with normal operation of the FX-50/E Exciters. TURN OFF. The exciter forward and reflected power indications may be converted to a VSWR ratio us ing Table 3-2. Operate the multimeter forward switch to illuminate the FWD indicator and record the multimeter output power indication . OPERATION. Observe the modulation indicator to ensure programming is applied to the exciter. 3-5. 3-1 . the exciter will deenergize when the transmitter is turned off. 3-13. -20V. The +20V. 3-11. Primary power will be applied to the FX-50/E when the transmitter filament supply is en ergized. B. NOTE NOTE THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE ASSUMES THAT THE EXCITER IS COMPLETELY INSTALLED AND IS FREE OF ANY DISCREPANCIES. This section identifies all controls and indicators associated with the FX-50/E FM Exciters and provides standard operating procedures. The function of each control or indicator is described in Table 3-1. C. D. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS. 3-3. 3-7. 3-6. The FX-50/E exciter does not require constant primary power. divide the multimeter reflected power indication by the multimeter forward power indication.

Illuminates to indicate reflected power exceeds 5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 NOMENCLATURE RF Power Output Level Control +20V Status Indicator -20V Status Indicator +5V Status Indicator LOCK Status Indicator RF Status Indicator VSWR Status Indicator TEMP Status Indicator Multimeter LCD Display RFL Multimeter Indicator FWD Multimeter Indicator Forward Multimeter Switch Reflected Multimeter Switch PA Voltage Multimeter Switch PA Current Multimeter Switch Automatic Frequency Control Multimeter Switch AFC Multimeter Indicator FUNCTION Adjusts exciter RF output level. Selects the forward power multimeter function when depressed. Selects the PA current multimeter function when depressed. power. Illuminates to indicate the reflected power multimeter function is selected. Selects the reflected power multimeter function when depressed. Illuminates to indicate the operating frequency is stabilized. Illuminates to indicate the presence of the +5 volt operating potential. Illuminates to indicate the AFC multimeter function is selected.Table 3-1. Illuminates to indicate the forward power multimeter function is selected. Illuminates to indicate the RF amplifier heat-sink temperature exceeds a preset limit. CW adjustment increases output level.5 watts. 17 3-2 . or current as selected by the multimeter switches. Indicates units of voltage. Selects the AFC voltage multimeter function when depressed. FX-50/E CONTROL AND INDICATORS (Sheet 1 of 2) ITEM NO. Illuminates to indicate the presence of the +20 volt operating potential. Illuminates to indicate an RF amplifier malfunction. Illuminates to indicate the presence of the -20 volt operating potential. Selects the PA voltage multimeter function when depressed.

Illuminates when the multimeter indicates units of current.360 VSWR 1.183 0. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 NOMENCLATURE PAI Multimeter Indicator PAV Multimeter Indicator Amps Multimeter Unit Indicator Volts Multimeter Unit Indicator Watts Multimeter Unit Indicator Modulation Indicator X10 Scale Indicator FUNCTION Illuminates to indicate the PA current multimeter function is selected.000 0.Table 3-1.111 0.0:1 4.028 0.008 0.053 0.5:1 3.6:1 1.002 0.250 0. FX-50/E CONTROL AND INDICATORS (Sheet 2 of 2) ITEM NO.074 0. Illuminates when modulation display input level is multiplied by 10. TABLE 3-2. Illuminates when the multimeter indicates units of voltage. POWER/VSWR CONVERSION Reflected Power in Watts = POWER RATIO Forward Power in Watts 0.4:1 1. Scale is calibrated for 100% at ±75 kHz deviation. Illuminates to indicate the PA voltage multimeter function is selected.5:1 1.0:1 1.2:1 1.0:1 2.1:1 1.0:1 3-3 .017 0.3:1 1. Indicates peak composite baseband modulation level.040 0.75:1 2. Illuminates when the multimeter indicates units of power.

3-4 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-3 FIGURE 1. FX-50/E CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .

4-5. These po tentials are distributed throughout the exciter to various subassemblies and re-regulated to lower voltages on each circuit board. dc supply voltage. This supply contains over-voltage. 4-3. In addition. 4-13. and the VSWR circuitry. 4-4. -20 volt. 4-8. This assures operation at safe transistor tempera tures under the worst case conditions of high VSWR. For the purpose of definition. The control circuitry regulates operation of the RF amplifier within preset limits dependent upon several parameters such as forward RF power output. The filtered +20 volt supply associated with the RF amplifier is regulated by the control circuitry in response to preset level controls and feedback loops. 4-9. filtered. The control circuit assembly also contains amplifiers for the forward and reflected power directional couplers. and an external RF power adjust potential. A block diagram of the FX-50/E FM Exciter is presented in Figure 4-1. the FX-50/E Exciter is divided into functional subassemblies in the following text. -20 volt. 4-7. and over-temperature circuitry to protect the exciter sub-assemblies. This device provides overload protection for the entire ex citer and allows selection of a wide range of ac input potentials. over-current. a front-panel TEMP indicator will illuminate. 4-1 . If excessive VSWR exists. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION. If an over-temperature condition exists. short-circuit. If the reflected power becomes excessive. The control circuit compares the sum of the forward and reflected powers to a reference for automatic control of power output. an exter nal mute control potential. RF amplifier heat sink temperature. On FX-50E models. the ac power is routed through an additional ac line filter to meet CE ac line related specifica tions. 4-10. All dc circuitry in the exciter operates from an unregulated potential of +30V dc and three pre-regulated potentials of +20 volts. the power output will be reduced by the amount required to maintain safe operation of the RF output transistor. INTRODUCTION. dc current. This section presents overall theory of operation for the FX-50/E FM Exciters. All supplies are full-wave rectified. 4-12. reverse-voltage. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUITS. over-current. a front-panel VSWR indicator will illuminate. 4-6. high ambient temperatures. and +5 volt operating potentials. or failure of the cooling fan. Primary ac power to the exciter is applied through a voltage selector and line filter module. and electronically regulated to assure stable equipment operation. Front-panel LEDs provide status indication of the +20 volt. The +20 volt. 4-2. 4-11. POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT. and +5 volt supplies are low-current circuits which are protected from over-voltage. over temperature circuitry. The proceeding text will describe the power supply circuitry followed by the control circuitry. reverse-voltage. and short-circuit conditions. The power supply/control circuit board contains the exciter power supply and control cir cuitry. CONTROL CIRCUIT. re flected power.SECTION IV THEORY OF OPERATION 4-1. -20 volts and +5 volts. the control circuit monitors the total RF amplifier assembly heat sink temper ature and limits RF output accordingly. A detailed description of each subassembly is presented in Part II of this manual.

4-18. An automatic scaling circuit provides expansion of the meter scale from 145% to 14. Five steady-state parameters are selected by front-panel switches and displayed on a liq uid crystal display (LCD). the AFC/PLL circuit constantly modifies the correction signal applied to the modulated oscillator to maintain the stability of the carrier. If the carrier is off frequency. Indication of short transient peaks exceeding 100% modulation is provided by a one-shot multivibrator connected to the 100% digital display segment. REMOTE CONTROL/STATUS INTERFACING AND RFI FILTER NETWORK. 4-19. Additional circuitry interfaced with the AFC/PLL circuit maintains the RF carrier center frequency as part of a phase-locked-loop. This feedback is divided and compared to a scaled-down reference fre quency within a programmable frequency synthesizer and comparator logic circuit to de velop a correction signal. and amplifies the modulated RF carrier to a level sufficient to drive the RF am plifier. The frequency synthesizer and comparator circuit provides 2000 synthesized frequencies within the commercial FM broadcast band in 10 kHz incre ments. corrects the audio. If an over-current condition exists. During normal operation.4-14. and short circuit protection is provided by foldback current limiting and a fuse. control. 4-22. A digitally controlled moving-bar LED display constantly monitors the ac composite signal applied to the modulated oscillator. The modulated oscillator circuit generates the final carrier frequency. 4-17. When frequency stabilization is attained. The front-panel COM POSITE TEST IN and COMPOSITE TEST OUT circuits are not routed through this circuit board. As a secondary function. Remote control and status interfacing is accomplished by: 1) an interface circuit board on FX-50 models and 2) a 25-pin D-Type connector on the RFI filter circuit board for FX-50E models. METERING CIRCUIT. MODULATED OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT. frequency modulates the carrier. A dual-speed loop filter provides rapid stabilization of the carrier and allows modulation from 1 Hz to 100 kHz. 4-20. 4-2 . 4-26. The RFI filter circuit board prevents interference from signals of 500 kHz and above by filtering and bypassing the audio. 4-24. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT.5% to measure SCA and pilot injection signal levels. Automatic protection of the RF devices from excessive voltage is provided by an MOV and crowbar circuit. Accuracy to 5% on signals from dc to a one-cycle burst of a 100 kHz tone is pro vided by a high-speed peak detector. and status input and output circuits. the assembly accepts all audio inputs. 4-25. the AFC/PLL circuit will mute the RF output and deenergize the AFC relay until the carrier is locked in phase and frequency to the reference oscillator. a front-panel RF indicator will illuminate. 4-15. Additional circuitry on the metering circuit board converts the multimeter into a high-impedance test instrument for internal voltage measurements. Metering of important exciter operating parameters is provided by a digital multimeter. 4-16. and sums the corrected audio with AFC tuning bias which linearizes the modulation and ad justs the carrier frequency of the modulated oscillator. The AFC/PLL circuit synthesizes the exciter carrier frequency and maintains the phase and frequency of the carrier. Transient protection for the signals is provided by transorbs. Carrier sampled at the output of the modulated oscillator is returned to the AFC/PLL cir cuit as feedback. 4-21. a front-panel status indicator will illu minate. 4-23.

FX-50/E OVERALL SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC (4-3/4-4) . INC 597-1050-4 FIGURE 4-1.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

If an over-temperature condition exists.4-27. A microstrip directional coupler on the RF amplifier printed circuit board supplies informa tion to the exciter control circuitry to automatically maintain RF power output and provide protection during high VSWR operating conditions. 4-32. The first stage employs a broadband thick-film hybrid amplifier which provides a satu rated output of approximately one watt to the input of the driver stage. RF AMPLIFIER ASSEMBLY. The RF amplifier assembly consists of three stages of amplification designed to increase the 2 milliwatt RF input signal from the modulated oscillator to an adjustable RF power level of 3 to 50 watts as required to drive an associated transmitter. 4-30. 4-5 . The RF amplifier transistors are mounted on a large heat sink positioned in the direct air flow from a cooling fan. 4-31. and enhances amplifier stability under vary ing load conditions. assures that the exciter output is transparent to the signal generated by the modulated oscillator. 4-28. Heat sink temperature is monitored by the control circuitry. The broadband characteristics of the amplifier eliminates the necessity for adjustments for any frequency within the FM band. 4-29. the control circuit will automatically reduce RF power to maintain safe operation of the RF devices. The driver pro vides 8 watts of RF to the power amplifier which outputs an adjustable RF level of 3 to 50 watts.

5-8. 5-6. Second level maintenance consists of procedures required to restore the FX-50/E to opera tion after a fault has occurred. 5-3. It is possible to receive minor RF burns from the high impedance points of the RF power amplifier with the exciter top-panel removed. for repair or replacement. electrical adjustment procedures. Inc. ENSURE ALL PRIMARY POWER IS DISCONNECTED FROM THE EXCITER BEFORE ATTEMPTING EQUIP MENT MAINTENANCE. and troubleshooting information for the FX-50/E FM Exciters. Check performance levels by utilizing the multimeter functions and status indicators provided. maintenance with power energized is always considered hazardous and caution should be observed. however. WARNING WARNING 5-5. FIRST LEVEL MAINTENANCE. tighten loose hardware. 5-1 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING .SECTION V MAINTENANCE 5-1. the exciter chassis and fan filter should be cleaned of accumulated dust using a brush and vacuum cleaner. Subsequent troubleshooting is provided by each applicable assembly publication in Part II of this manual to isolate specific components. Periodically. 5-4. Low voltages are used throughout the exciter circuitry. 5-2. INTRODUCTION. 5-7. If desired. NEVER OPERATE THE EXCITER WITHOUT THE GUARDS. This section provides general maintenance information. WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING THE EXCITER CONTAINS GUARDS FOR HAZARDOUS VOLTAGES PRESENT AT THE AC LINE SELECTOR AND HIGH CURRENTS ON THE TERMINALS OF THE POWER SUPPLY FILTER CAPACITOR AND POWER TRANSISTORS MOUNTED ON THE RF AMPLIFIER HEAT SINK ASSEMBLY. USE THE INSULATED TUNING TOOL PROVIDED FOR ANY ADJUSTMENTS AND DO NOT TOUCH ANY COM PONENT WITHIN THE EXCITER WHEN POWER IS EN ERGIZED. the entire assembly may be returned to Broadcast Electronics. These procedures are performed on a regular basis and the results recorded in a performance log. Check for overheated components. 5-9. and lubricate mechanical surfaces (such as the slide rails) as required. SECOND LEVEL MAINTENANCE. SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS. First level maintenance consists of precautionary procedures applied to equipment to pre vent future failures. 5-10. The maintenance philosophy of the FX-50/E FM Exciters consists of problem isolation to a specific assembly.

To convert the multimeter to a test instrument. 5-12. proceed as follows: A. Procedure. D. G. 5-14. C. C. 5-16. refer to Figure 5-1 and the following procedure. LED's. Operate the test switch/indicator on the metering circuit board assembly to illuminate the switch/indicator. To restore normal operation of the meter. refer to the applicable section discussing the theory of opera tion and providing troubleshooting for the respective assembly to assist in problem resolu tion. H. Exciter Input Power Supply Circuit Metering Circuit Modulated Oscillator Circuit AFC/PLL Circuit RF Amplifier Control Circuit Exciter Output 5-15. All internal components may be accessed through a removable top cover (refer to Fig ure 5-1). B. The various exciter indicators (meters. DC VOLTMETER. To convert the front-panel multimeter to a dc test instrument. and fuses) should be observed to isolate the malfunction to a specific area as listed below. 5-2 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . 5-13. depress any front-panel multimeter function switch. E. F. ADJUSTMENTS. A. TROUBLESHOOTING.5-11. Adjustment procedures for all controls on all circuit boards are provided by each applicable assembly publication in Part II of this manual. 5-17. Typical meter indications are presented in Table 5-1 and exciter power demand re quirements are listed in Table 5-2. The FX-50/E is equipped with a high impedance voltmeter which can be employed to measure internal dc potentials. B. All multimeter function indicators will extinguish and the LCD display will indicate zero volts. Extend the exciter forward and remove the top-cover. Replace the top-cover. Most troubleshooting consists of visual checks. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY FEED THROUGH CAPACITORS OR COMPONENTS ON THE RF AMPLIFIER MODULE WITH POWER APPLIED. Once the trouble is isolated.

50 Ampere 1.8 V dc +20.8 V dc +10. AC POWER REQUIREMENTS RF POWER OUTPUT MIDBAND 50 W 30 W 20 W 10 W 50 W 30 W 20 W 10 W POWER REQUIREMENTS 0.TABLE 5-1.00 Ampere 1.1 MHz 0.40 Ampere 1.77 Ampere 3.87 Ampere 3 to 50 Watts Less than 2 Watts 98.1 MHz +5.97 Ampere 1.00 Ampere AC INPUT 230 V ac 230 V ac 230 V ac 230 V ac 115 V ac 115 V ac 115 V ac 115 V ac 5-3 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING .9 V dc 88.7 V dc +13.0 V dc +8.6 V dc 108.8 to +5.5 V dc +7.1 V dc +15.1 MHz 1.39 Ampere 1.10 Ampere 1.5 V dc +11.8 V dc +14.60 Ampere 0.59 Ampere 2.0 V dc.0 V dc +20.2 V dc +2.88 Ampere 2.70 Ampere 0.3 V dc 98.7 V dc +8. dependent upon RF carrier frequency 88.0 to +9.30 Ampere 108.1 MHz 1.9 V dc +12.40 Ampere 3.20 Ampere 1.1 MHz +6.20 Ampere 2.34 Ampere 3.92 Ampere 2.4 V dc +18.1 MHz +5. TYPICAL METER INDICATIONS MULTIMETER SWITCH POSITION TEST +20 V -20 V +5 V AFC PAV RF POWER 5 Watts 10 Watts 20 Watts 30 Watts 50 Watts PAI RF POWER 5 Watts 10 Watts 20 Watts 30 Watts 50 Watts FWD RFL +19 to +21 V dc -19 to -21 V dc +4.10 Ampere 1.55 Ampere 0.27 Ampere MULTIMETER INDICATION TABLE 5-2.40 Ampere 1.

INC .5-4 597-1050-5 FIGURE 5-1. FX-50/E ASSEMBLY COPYRIGHT WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

DO NOT PERFORM ANY OPERATION ON ANY BeO CERAMIC WHICH MIGHT PRODUCE DUST OR FUMES. 5-5 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Because of the plated-through holes. The circuit boards used in the FX-50/E exciers are dou ble-sided boards with plated-through holes. Use of a small iron with steady pres sure is required for circuit board repairs. COMPONENT REPLACEMENT. solder fills the holes by capillary action. 5-19. SUCH AS GRINDING. GRIT BLASTING. 5-18. Grip each component lead with long nose pliers. To remove a soldered component from a circuit board. push the lead through the back side of the board and cut off the clinched end of the lead.WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING BERYLLIUM OXIDE CERAMICS (BeO) . The holes may be cleared of solder by carefully re-heating with a low wattage iron and removing the residual solder with a sol dering vacuum tool. BeO CERAMICS MUST BE DISPOSED OF ONLY IN A MANNER PRESCRIBED BY THE DEVICE MANUFACTURER. cut the leads from the body of the defective component while the device is still soldered to the board.AVOID BREATHING DUST OR FUMES. 5-21. USE CARE IN REPLACING TRANSISTORS OF THIS TYPE. If no dam age has been incurred to the plated-through holes. These conditions require that defective components be removed carefully to avoid damage to the board. 5-20. On all circuit boards. soldering of the component side will not be required. THE WHITE CASE MATERIAL OF THE FX-50/E RF AMPLIFIER TRANSISTORS IS MADE OF BeO CERAMIC MATERIAL. When the solder begins to melt. the adhesion between the copper trace and the circuit board fails at almost the same temperature as solder melts. Touch the soldering iron to the lead at the solder connection on the circuit side of the board. BERYLLIUM OXIDE DUST OR FUMES ARE HIGHLY TOXIC AND BREATHING THEM CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH. A circuit board trace can be destroyed by excessive heat or lateral movement during soldering. Install the new component and apply solder from the circuit side of the board. OR ACID CLEANING. Each lead may now be heated independently and pulled out of each hole.

the flux will absorb enough moisture in time to become conduc tive and cause problems. INCLUDING CIGARETTES AND HOT SOLDERING IRONS. MODULATION CORRECTION procedure in the AFC/PLL section of this manual. Secure the modulated oscillator assembly in place with two 6-32 X 3/4 inch (1. D. Special care should be exercised with integrated circuits. FWD CAL (R5) AND RFL CAL (R9) procedure in the POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL section of this manual. however. 5-28. Provide adequate insurance coverage.08 cm) minimum of packing material all around the exciter. After soldering. EXCITER PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT. If the exciter is removed from service to be shipped to another location. MODULATION CALIBRATION procedure in the AFC/PLL section of this manual. OBSERVE THE MANUFACTURERS CAUTIONARY IN STRUCTIONS. B. Each integrated circuit must be installed by matching the integrated circuit notch with the notch on the socket. allowing 2 inches (5. 5-27. B. 5-26. The board should be checked to ensure the flux has been removed.27 cm) screws in the tapped holes provided. If modification of the exciter frequency is required. FREQUENCY SELECTION procedure in the AFC/PLL section of this manual. Pack the exciter in a carton. Ensure the top-cover is secured to the exciter. 5-25. ensure the follow ing steps are accomplished prior to shipping: A. WARNING WARNING 5-22.WARNING WARNING MOST SOLVENTS WHICH WILL REMOVE ROSIN FLUX ARE VOLATILE AND TOXIC BY THEIR NATURE AND SHOULD BE USED ONLY IN SMALL AMOUNTS IN A WELL VENTILATED AREA. D. C. Rosin flux is not nor mally corrosive. INTEGRATED CIRCUITS. Rubbing alcohol is highly di luted and is not effective. C. remove residual flux with a suitable solvent. 5-24. EXCITER FREQUENCY CHANGE. A. perform the following procedures in se quence as listed. 5-6 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Use an integrated circuit puller to lightly pry the component from the socket. Do not attempt to remove an integrated circuit from a socket with your fingers. 5-23. AWAY FROM FLAME.

assemblies. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators appearing on the applicable schematic diagram. Parts associated with modular assemblies are listed in Part II of this manual. 6-2. FUSE HOLDER HARNESS ASSEMBLY ACCESSORY PARTS KIT BNC ACCESS CABLE ASSEMBLY OPTIONAL LOW-PASS FILTER RF LOW-PASS FILTER ASSEMBLY FX-50/E EXCITER REMOTE KIT PART NO. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components. TABLE 6-1. TABLE 6-2 6-3 6-4 6-5 6-6 6-7 6-8 6-9 6-10 6-11 6-12 6-13 6-14 DESCRIPTION FX-50 FINAL ASSEMBLY FX-50E FINAL ASSEMBLY FX-50 RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY FX-50E RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY EXCITER INTERFACE CIRCUIT BOARD AC LINE FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the Broadcast Electronics FX-50/E FM Exciter. INTRODUCTION. 909-1051-225.SECTION VI PARTS LIST 6-1. -325 909-1050-329 919-0455 919-0445-309 919-0190 919-0446 959-0447-001 949-0149 957-0003 947-0020 909-0124 955-0051 979-0152 PAGE 6-2 6-3 6-3 6-4 6-5 6-5 6-6 6-6 6-6 6-6 6-6 6-7 6-7 6-1 . REPLACEABLE PARTS LIST INDEX 6-3.

Power Primary: 117V/230V ac ±10%. D1 F1. 15 Joules RF Amplifier Assembly Modulated Oscillator Assembly RFI Filter Circuit Board Assembly AFC/PLL Circuit Board Assembly Metering Circuit Board Assembly Power Supply/Control Circuit Board Assembly Interface Circuit Board Assembly Assembly.86V DC @ 5. N. DES. Fuse Holder Harness Assembly Accessory Parts Kit 334-0150 682-0003 417-0017 376-0050 2 1 1 1 ---------------------------- 380-4600 380-5502 360-6504 415-1010 415-1011 417-0016 417-0053 360-0003 420-0019 420-0015 420-0021 420-0022 027-2200 140-0008 959-0204 959-0203 919-0445 919-0104 919-0108 919-0107 919-0190 959-0447-001 949-0149 957-0003 1 1 1 2 1 2 4 2 4 4 8 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ------------------------------------- TABLE 6-3. V350LA15A. 3) 24.SPARE DESCRIPTION Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier. 200 V. Electrolytic. Slow-Blow AC Line Cord. 115V. 50/60 Hz.E. FX-50 FINAL ASSEMBLY . 120 ft3/min. BNC Transformer. 4.SPARE ---Fuse. 3AG. CEE 7/7 3-Wire European Plug Receptacle.SPARE ---J19 T1 Fuse.5V DC @ 0. Silicon. 1. Slow-Blow AC Line Cord. 230-3502 QTY. BNC Pins. 200 V. 3AG. MDA3502. 3 Amperes.15 Ampere. 1.A. 2) 8. 3AG. MDA3502. 3-Wire North American Plug 334-0300 682-0001 2 1 220V 50/60 Hz F1.M. 250V ac RMS. 909-1051-325 REF. 1 2 6-2 . DES. Slow-Blow PART NO.5 inch (11.000 uF. 22. 18W. Littlefuse Fuse Clip (Test Probe Holder) Receptacle.909-1051-225. Silicon.5 Amperes Fan. 3100 r/min. 120/240V Fuse Clip. 35 Amperes PART NO. 50V Metal Oxide Varistor. D1 DESCRIPTION Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier.5 Ampere. FX-50E FINAL ASSEMBLY . 50/60 Hz Secondary: 1) 22. 1 120V 50/60 Hz F1.43 cm) Fan Filter Fused Power Connector/Voltage Selector/EMI Filter. 35 Amperes Fuse. Connector Ferrite Bead Top Cover Retainer Stud (Front Turn-lock) Stud (Rear Turn-lock) Retainer Receptacle Capacitor. 230-3502 334-0150 QTY.94V DC @ 0.5 Ampere. 125V.909-1050-329 (Sheet 1 of 2) REF.TABLE 6-2.18 Ampere.

C320. 240 Ohm ±5%. 18W. Littlefuse Fuse Clip (Test Probe Holder) Receptacle. Power Primary: 117V/230V ac ±10%. C318. CEE 7/7 3-Wire European Plug Receptacle.5V DC @ 0. 0.86V DC @ 5. 3 8 2 4 11 1 5 1 6-3 . 100 pF ±5%. 1 1 1 ---------------------------- 380-4600 380-5502 360-6504 415-1010 415-1011 417-0016 417-0053 360-0003 420-0019 420-0015 420-0021 420-0022 027-2200 140-0008 959-0204 959-0203 919-0445-309 919-0446 919-0104 919-0108 919-0107 959-0447-001 949-0149 957-0003 1 1 1 2 1 2 4 2 4 4 8 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ------------------------------------- TABLE 6-4. Monolythic Ceramic. 2W PART NO. 50V Capacitor. 4. V350LA15A.909-1050-329 (Sheet 2 of 2) REF. DES. 3-Pin Filter.5 inch (11. 3-Pin Filter.0022 uF ±10%.919-0445 (Sheet 1 of 2) REF. 50V Metal Oxide Varistor. EMI Suppession. Silvered Mica. 15 Joules RF Amplifier Assembly Modulated Oscillator Assembly RFI Filter Circuit Board Assembly AC Line Filter Circuit Board Assembly AFC/PLL Circuit Board Assembly Metering Circuit Board Assembly Power Supply/Control Circuit Board Assembly Assembly. BNC Transformer. C301 thru C303 C304 thru C311 C312. 22. BNC Pins.94V DC @ 0. 1 kV Capacitor. EMI Suppession. Connector Ferrite Bead Top Cover Retainer Stud (Front Turn-lock) Stud (Rear Turn-lock) Retainer Receptacle Capacitor. ---J19 T1 DESCRIPTION AC Line Cord. 3) 24.5 Amperes Fan. 50/60 Hz. 10. Polyester. C313 C316. 3-Pin Resistor. EMI Suppession.43 cm) Fan Filter Fused Power Connector/Voltage Selector/EMI Filter. 2) 8. 3100 r/min. 120/240V Fuse Clip. 0. 115V. 0. FX-50E FINAL ASSEMBLY .001 uF. C322 FL301 thru FL311 FL313 FL314 thru FL318 R301 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Fuse Holder Harness Assembly Accessory Parts Kit PART NO. 682-0003 417-0017 376-0050 QTY. 500V Filter.18 Ampere.TABLE 6-3.000 pF. Electrolytic. 50/60 Hz Secondary: 1) 22. 1000 pF.000 pF. Ceramic. 100V Capacitor.15 Ampere. 120 ft3/min. FX-50 RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 250V ac RMS. 10.1 uF ±20%. DES. 002-1034 003-1054 031-2033 040-1022 411-0001 047-1035 411-0001 130-2423 QTY.000 uF.

EMI Suppession. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1N4005. 3 8 2 4 11 1 5 1 1 1 6-4 . 12-Pin Receptacle. 12VDC. 3-Pin Filter. 1 k Ohm ±1%. SPDT. C301 thru C303 C304 thru C311 C312. Male. 25-Pin. 2W Resistor. C322 FL301 thru FL311 FL313 FL314 thru FL318 R301 R302 R303 DESCRIPTION Capacitor.919-0445-309 (Sheet 1 of 2) REF. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. BNC. Metal Receptacle. 100-1041 100-1051 103-8254 100-1041 100-6031 130-2423 103-5112 203-4005 201-0027 201-0040 201-0012 270-0065 340-0004 364-4662 364-4662 417-2502 417-0039-MTL 417-1276 417-0200 417-0003 519-0445-002 519-0445-001 QTY. Header.TABLE 6-4. 20-Pin In-Line Connector.0022 uF ±10%. C320. 1/4W Diode. 1. 1000 pF.1 uF ±20%. PCB Mount. 50V Capacitor. 10. Female. ±18V Diode. FX-50E RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 0. 1. 100 pF ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. FX-50 RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 2W Resistor. 1/4W PART NO.1 Ohm ±1%. 500V Filter. Zener Voltage Suppressor. Jumper Programmable Inductor. Ceramic. 002-1034 003-1054 031-2033 040-1022 411-0001 047-1035 411-0001 130-2423 100-1041 100-1051 QTY.919-0445 (Sheet 2 of 2) REF. Monolythic Ceramic. P309 L303 L305 J1 J301 thru J305 J306 J307 J308.25 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. R311 D301 D302 thru D305 D306 thru D309 D311 thru D316 K301 P308. 10. C313 C316. ±12V Relay. EMI Suppession. 240 Ohm ±5%. R305 R306. 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 4 4 6 1 2 1 1 1 5 1 1 2 1 1 TABLE 6-5. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 3-Pin Filter. Zener Voltage Suppressor. RFI Filter Circuit Board Blank RFI Filter Circuit Board PART NO. 0. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1 kV Capacitor. C318. 0.0 mH Connector. DES. 604 Ohm ±1%. J309 ------- DESCRIPTION Resistor. Dual-In-Line Package Switch. PCB Mount Receptacle. 10 k Ohm ±1%. Silicon.0 mH Inductor. D-Type. PCB.000 pF. Zener Voltage Suppressor. 1 k Ohm ±1%. Polyester. 3-Pin Shield. 8. Silvered Mica. DES. EMI Suppession. R307 R308 R309 R310. 1/4W Resistor. ±27V Diode. 240 Ohm ±5%. 51.001 uF.000 pF. R302 R303 R304. 3-Pin Resistor. 100V Capacitor. 1/4W Resistor.

R305 R306. 6. Male. 8. ±27V Diode. MR Blank AC Line Filter Circuit Board PART NO. 12VDC. 25-Pin D-Type. 51. 1/4W Resistor. PCB. D-Type.TABLE 6-5. 1 1 TABLE 6-7. Female. 339-7818 418-0255 519-0446 QTY. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. Dual-In-Line Package Switch. 1. Jumper Programmable Inductor. FX-50E RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . R307 R308 R309 R310. 16 Position. SPDT. 1. 20-Pin In-Line Connector. DES. 1 k Ohm ±1%. PCB Mount. DES. 417-2503 412-1600 QTY.25 k Ohm ±1%. R304. 604 Ohm ±1%.919-0446 REF. Zener Voltage Suppressor.0 mH Connector. 12-Pin Receptacle. EXCITER INTERFACE CIRCUIT BOARD . 2 2 1 1 2 1 4 4 6 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 1 TABLE 6-6. 1/4W Resistor. Header. PI Filter. J309 ------- DESCRIPTION Resistor. J2 ---- DESCRIPTION Filter. 240 Ohm ±5%. AC LINE FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD . Zener Voltage Suppressor.0 mH Inductor. 25-Pin. 2W Resistor. EMC. 4-Pin Male. Zener Voltage Suppressor. R311 D301 D302 thru D305 D306 thru D309 D311 thru D316 K301 P308. DES. ±18V Diode. F1 J1.919-0445-309 (Sheet 2 of 2) REF.3 Ampere Connector. PCB Mount PART NO. AC Line. 1N4005. Metal Receptacle. 1/4W Resistor.919-0190 REF. Male Barrier Strip. 250V. 3-Pin Shield. 103-8254 100-1041 100-6031 130-2423 103-5112 203-4005 201-0027 201-0040 201-0012 270-0065 340-0004 364-4662 364-4662 417-2502-FIL 417-0039-MTL 417-1276 417-0200 417-0003 519-0445-002 519-0445-001 QTY. PCB Mount Receptacle. J1 J2 DESCRIPTION Receptacle. BNC.1 Ohm ±1%. ±12V Relay. Silicon. P309 L303 L305 J1 J301 thru J304 J306 J307 J308. 1 2 1 6-5 . RFI Filter Circuit Board Blank RFI Filter Circuit Board PART NO. 1/4W Diode.

959-0447-001 REF. 9-Pin Connector. Connector Contact. 250 Volt. 2-Pin Plug. DES. 3-Wire North American Plug BNC Access Cable Assembly PART NO. 3AG.957-0003 REF. Crimp Type. 20-Pin Connector.A. 1 Ampere.M. DES. Housing. F1. 12-Pin Plug. 16 Contact Socket. DES. 417-0123 417-0148 417-0059 417-2379 417-1401 417-0122 417-0176 418-0701 418-1271 417-0122 417-0053 417-8766 418-0034 QTY. RG58U Cable Cable. ------- DESCRIPTION Connector. P1 P2 P10 P11 P12.909-0124 REF. RG-58/CU PART NO. FUSE HOLDER . F2 F3 ------- DESCRIPTION Fuse. Housing. 12 Ampere. ACCESSORY PARTS KIT . 15-Pin Plug. 250 Volt Fuse. Slow-Blow AC Line Cord. 14-Pin Plug. BNC ACCESS CABLE ASSEMBLY . 334-0300 682-0001 947-0020 QTY.E. 2 1 1 6 TABLE 6-9. ASSEMBLY.5 TABLE 6-12. Housing. BNC. BNC. OPTIONAL LOW-PASS FILTER . 1 6-6 . Housing. 330-0101 330-1200 418-0006 417-0036 QTY. Shielded. MDL-1.TABLE 6-8. Housing. Dual Crimp PART NO. 125V @ 3 Amperes.P13 P14 P15 P20 P306 P307 ---------- DESCRIPTION Plug. Housing.949-0149 REF. 50 Ohm. 10-Pin Connector Plug. DES. 1 1 2 TABLE 6-11. 3AB Connector. ---- DESCRIPTION RF Low-Pass Filter Assembly PART NO. 20-Pin Pins. N. 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 49 72 4 TABLE 6-10. HARNESS ASSEMBLY . Connector Housing. 417-0094 682-0050 QTY. ---------- DESCRIPTION Fuse. 2 2.947-0020 REF. Slo-Blow. MR Pins. Housing. DES. 6-Pin. Crimp Type Plug. 20-Pin Receptacle. 955-0051 QTY. Connector PART NO.

Mica Compression. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 J1.20 inches ID (0. DES.J2 L1 L2 P1. Dual Crimp Blank Circuit Board PART NO. Airwound 6 Turns of No. 0. 350V dc. Mica Compression. 250V dc Capacitor. 7 Terminals Cable.51 cm). 27 pF ±5%. 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 TABLE 6-14. Ceramic Trimmer. Non-Polarized Capacitor.979-0152 REF. RF LOW-PASS FILTER ASSEMBLY .51 cm). Mica Compression.P2 ---- DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Mica Compression. 046-0027 096-0008 046-0045 046-0007 096-0008 046-0022 417-0203 601-0018 601-0018 418-0034 517-0036 QTY. 18 AWG Wire. ------- DESCRIPTION Barrier Strip. DES. 2-8 pF. 250V dc Receptacle. Airwound 7 Turns of No. 412-0007 949-0184 QTY. 7 pF ±5%.20 inches ID (0.955-0051 REF. 18 AWG Wire. 45 pF ±5%.42 inches long (1. 250V dc Capacitor. BNC Coil. 1 1 6-7 . 0. 22 pF ±5%. 350V dc. Non-Polarized Capacitor.1 cm) Plug. 0. FX-50/E EXCITER REMOTE KIT . Remote Exciter Assembly. FM Transmitters PART NO. 2-8 pF.TABLE 6-13.42 inches long (1. 250V dc Capacitor. Ceramic Trimmer. BNC.1 cm) Coil. 0.

RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM. INTERFACE CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM. schematic diagrams. AC LINE FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM. and wire lists as indexed below for the FX-50 FM Exciter. 7-2. RFI FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM. TITLE FX-50 OVERALL SCHEMATIC FX-50E OVERALL SCHEMATIC SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM. OPTIONAL RF LOW-PASS FILTER SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OPTIONAL RF LOW-PASS FILTER EXCITER FRONT RAIL MOUNTING APPLICATIONS NUMBER SD909-1051-225/-325 SD909-1050-329 SB919-0445/-309 AB919-0445/-309 SB919-0446 AB919-0446 SB919-0190 AB919-0190 597-1050-6 597-1050-66 597-1050-8 FIGURE 7-1 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-5 7-6 7-7 7-8 7-9 7-10 7-11 TABLE 7-1 TITLE FX-50/E WIRING HARNESS LIST (4 Sheets) NUMBER 949-0147 7-1 . INTRODUCTION. AC LINE FILTER CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM.SECTION VII DRAWINGS 7-1. This section provides assembly drawings. INTERFACE CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM.

.POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUITS TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-6 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-7 3-9 3-13 3-16 3-17 3-26 3-29 3-30 3-31 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-8 4-10 4-12 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION V 6-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Description Electrical Characteristics REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Introduction Removal and Installation Procedures Removal Procedure Required Equipment Procedure Installation Procedure THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Control Circuitry RF Mute Circuit Forward/Reflected Amplifier Circuits Temperature Sense Circuit Open Fuse Detector Circuit Power Control Circuit Power Supply Circuitry +5 Volt Supply -20 Volt Supply +20 Volt Supply MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Required Equipment FWD Cal (R5) and RFL CAL (R9) TEMP CAL (R25) TEMP TRIP (R27) Troubleshooting DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENT PARTS Introduction 18 17 10 10 10 10 10 13 14 14 4 4 4 4 4 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 PAGE NO.

1-1 6-1 DESCRIPTION Electrical Characteristics Power Supply/Control Circuit Board Assembly PAGE NO. 3-1 3-2 4-1 4-2 4-3 DESCRIPTION Control Circuitry Simplified Schematic Power Supply Simplified Schematic Diagram Power Supply/Control Circuit Board Controls Parallel Load Connection No PA Voltage to the RF Amplifier PAGE NO.LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO. 2 18 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO. 5 9 11 12 16 .

SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION
1-1. 1-2. 1-3. 1-4.

INTRODUCTION.
This section provides general information and specifications relative to the operation of the power supply/control circuit board.

DESCRIPTION.
The control circuitry on the power supply/control circuit board regulates the operation of the RF amplifier within preset limits depending on the forward power output, reflected power output, PA voltage and current, and RF amplifier assembly temperature. The cir cuit board is designed with over temperature, over voltage, and short circuit protection cir cuits, and a VSWR foldback circuit. The power supply circuitry provides regulated dc potentials of +20V, -20V, and +5V re quired by all the exciter circuit boards. An unregulated +30V dc potential is also provided by the power supply. Each power supply is full-wave rectified, filtered, and electronically regulated to assure stable equipment operation.

1-5.

1-6. 1-7.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS.
Refer to Table 1-1 for electrical characteristics relative to the power supply/control circuit board.

-1 -

TABLE 1-1. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

PARAMETER INPUTS AC POWER REQUIREMENTS FX-50 FX-50E RF MUTE FROM TRANSMITTER NEG POS LOGIC SWITCH POSITION POSITIVE NEGATIVE EXTERNAL RF POWER CONTROL

SPECIFICATION

97 to 133V ac or 194 to 266V ac, 50/60 Hz, 230W Maximum. 240V Nominal ac, 50/60 Hz, 230W Maximum.

0V = RF mute. +5V = RF enable. +5V or High Impedance = RF mute. 0V = RF enable. Positive potential, varies with adjustment of PWR SET control R52. Nominally 0-6V DC with R52 fully CW for 3-50W. +11.45V at 10 K Ohm for 50W RF. Approximately +1V at 10K Ohm for 2W RF. +18V at 5 mA, Maximum. Approximately +20.8V at 3.25 Amperes for 50W RF.

OUTPUTS FWD POWER RFL POWER TEMP OL DRIVE PA VOLTAGE

-2 -

SECTION II REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
2-1. 2-2. 2-3. 2-4. 2-5. 2-6.

INTRODUCTION.
This section provides removal and installation procedures for the power supply/control cir cuit board.

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES.
REMOVAL PROCEDURE. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. A number 2 Phillips screwdriver with a 4 inch (10.16 cm) blade
is required to remove the power supply/control circuit board from the exciter chassis.

PROCEDURE. To remove the power supply/control circuit board, proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING.

A. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. B. Remove the exciter top-cover. Disconnect P10 and P11 from the circuit board. C. Observe the orientation of P12 and P13 and disconnect from the circuit board. D. Remove the screw near J11 securing the circuit board to the chassis. E. With slight pressure, pull the circuit board from the mounting stud at each corner. 2-7. 2-8.

INSTALLATION PROCEDURE.
To install the power supply/control circuit board after repairs have been completed, proceed as follows:

WARNING WARNING

DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING.

A. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. B. Follow the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in reverse order.

-3 -

SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION
3-1. 3-2. 3-3. 3-4. 3-5. 3-6.

INTRODUCTION.
This section presents the theory of operation for the exciter power supply/control circuit board.

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.
The power supply/control circuit board will be described as follows: 1) the control circuitry, and 2) the power supply circuitry.

CONTROL CIRCUITRY.
The control circuitry consists of five circuits. Figure 3-1 presents a simplified schematic of the control circuits on the power supply/control circuit board. Refer to Figure 3-1 as re quired for a description of the following circuits. A. RF Mute Circuit B. Forward/Reflected Amplifier Circuits C. Temperature Sense Circuit D. Open Fuse Detector Circuit E. Power Control Circuit

3-7.

RF MUTE CIRCUIT. The RF mute circuit automatically inhibits exciter RF output if the

AFC circuit is unlocked or if the transmitter is not ready to accept RF drive. This circuit consists of logic input switch S3, inverters Q3 and Q4, RF mute driver U3B, and mute switch Q2.

3-8.

With S3 in the positive logic input position, U3B will output a HIGH to the base of Q2 when a LOW from a transmitter is applied to the inverting input of U3B through Q3 and Q4. This HIGH biases Q2 ON which applies a LOW to voltage regulator U4 compensation input to disable the RF. A HIGH from the AFC circuit (unlocked condition) applied to U3B non-inverting input will also inhibit the RF.

3-9.

FORWARD/REFLECTED AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS. The forward/reflected amplifier circuits

provide information from the directional couplers to the power control circuit and the me tering circuit board. The forward amplifier circuit consists of meter amplifier U1A, FWD CAL control R5, diode D1, and AUTO/MAN switch S1. The reflected amplifier circuit con sists of meter amplifier U1B, RFL CAL control R9, diodes D1 and D2, and VSWR indica tor driver U2A. Forward Amplifier. Output from the forward directional coupler is applied to the non-in verting input of U1A which operates as a voltage follower with the gain determined by po tentiometer R5. The output of U1A is routed to: 1) the metering circuit board for display, 2) a rear-panel barrier strip for remote metering, 3) diode D1, and 4) the inverting input of voltage regulator U4 through S1. Reflected Amplifier. Output from the reflected directional coupler is applied to the non-in verting input of U1B which operates as a voltage follower with the gain determined by po tentiometer R9. The output of U1B is routed to: 1) diodes D1 and D2, 2) the metering cir cuit board for display, and 3) the rear-panel barrier strip for remote metering.

3-10.

3-11.

-4 -

CONTROL CIRCUITRY SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM -5-/-6- . INC 597-1050-10 FIGURE 3-1.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

The output of U401 on the RF amplifier regulator assembly is calibrated by R25 and ap plied to the inverting input of U3A. This HIGH is also routed to the rearpanel barrier strip. and the non-inverting input of U2A which operates as a comparator circuit. Voltage regulation is provided by a control voltage from U4. As R52 is adjusted. Q5 applies a HIGH to mute switch Q2 to enable the mute circuit. over voltage protection. TEMPERATURE SENSE CIRCUIT. and TEMP indicator DS8. Further protection is provided by a crowbar circuit consisting of zener diode D6 and SCR D7. R48. and short circuit protection for the RF power transistor. 3-19. Voltages sampled across meter resistors R62/R63 are routed to the metering circuit board for display. U2B will out put a HIGH to illuminate TEMP indicator DS8. the output of U3A will be reduced and applied to the non-inverting input of U4 through D3. 3-17. Parallel pass transistors Q401 and Q402 operate as an emitter follower circuit. This circuit provides a visual indication of an RF am plifier malfunction. 3-22. D6 will apply gate voltage to D7 which conducts to open fuse F1. 3-21. D6. The power control circuit provides automatic power control. 3-20. 3-16. The temperature sense circuit provides automatic RF 3-14. Automatic Power Control Operation. the outputs of U1A and U1B are connected to the inverting input of regulator U4. OPEN FUSE DETECTOR CIRCUIT. diode D3. the output level of U1 increases. This cir cuit consists of voltage regulator U4. POWER CONTROL CIRCUIT. Resistors R47 and R48 establish the gain for U4. TEMP CAL control R25. In addition. and R62/R63. As the temperature increases. NORM/EXT switch S2. 3-18. Output from U1B is also routed to the inverting input of voltage regulator U4 through S1 and D1. This cir cuit consists of temperature sensor U401. 3-15. Power Set Control Operation. Zener diode D5 will limit the control voltage to 27 volts if voltage regulator U4 fails. and pass transistors Q401 and Q402. The forward voltage sample from U1A will increase or decrease the output of regulator U4 to maintain constant RF output power. U4 will reduce the RF power output to stabilize the temperature. 3-13. PWR SET control R52. If the PA transistor current is excessive. If Q401 and/or Q402 short circuits and the output voltage exceeds 27V. These potentials are also applied to the current limit (CL) and current sense (CS) inputs of U4 to automatically control the PA current. power reduction if the RF amplifier assembly temperature exceeds a preset level. If this potential exceeds a threshold level established by R27. over temperature com parator U3A. The output of U3A is also routed to the inverting input of U2B which operates as a com parator circuit. TEMP TRIP control R27. If the reflected power level at U2A non-inverting input exceeds the reference potential at the inverting input. Pass Transistors. and D7. The regulated voltage at the emitter is routed to the PA transistor through meter resistors R62/R63. With AUTO/MAN switch S1 in the automatic posi tion. a reference voltage can be applied to PWR SET control R52 through the rear-panel external power level control connection to control power externally. fuse F1 will open to bias tran sistor switch Q5 ON which outputs a HIGH to illuminate RF indicator DS6.3-12. U4 output will increase or decrease the PA output power. -7 - . With the NORM/EXT switch in the external position. temperature indicator driver U2B. and 2) PWR SET control R52 is connected between the VREF output and non-inverting input of U4. di odes D5. resistors R47. U2A will output a HIGH to illuminate VSWR indicator DS7. 3-23. If this level decreases below the reference potential at U2B. With NORM/EXT switch S2 in the normal position: 1) +20V is routed to the rear-panel barrier strip.

Power from the receptacle is routed to the flushing fan and the primary of power transformer T1 to provide 9. metering circuit board. -20 VOLT SUPPLY. POWER SUPPLY CIRCUITRY. 22. and F3 protect transformer T1 in the event of a short circuit in a secondary winding. Resistors R77 and R78 adjust the output of U6 for a regulated -20 volt dc potential. 3-27. +20 VOLT SUPPLY. +5 VOLT SUPPLY. only the reflected voltage sample at U1B is connected to the input of U4 through D2 to provide proportional VSWR foldback. This filter al lows the FX-50E to meet CE ac line specifications. resistor R47 is shunted to decrease the gain of U4.0 volt ac potential is routed to a full-wave rectifier and filter network and applied to voltage regulator U402 on the RF amplifier regulator assembly. 3-32.0 volt ac potential is routed to a full-wave rectifier and filter net work and applied to voltage regulator U5. The supply is applied to the AFC/PLL circuit board and metering circuit board. network and applied to voltage regulator U6. reflected power will be added to the forward power input of U4 through D1. 3-30. The 25. Figure 3-2 presents a simplified schematic of the power supply components on the power supply/control circuit board and exciter chassis. The 22. 3-28. In addition. and 25. The +20 volt potential is distributed to the AFC/PLL circuit board. U4 will reduce the RF output power until VSWR is normal. The supply is applied to the AFC/PLL circuit board and metering circuit board. 3-25. On FX-50E models. F2. With the AUTO/MAN switch in the manual position.0 volt. and power supply/control circuit board. Primary power is applied to the FX-50/E through an RFI filter and ac receptacle module. The 9.5 volt ac potential is routed to a full-wave rectifier and filter 3-31.5 volt. In addition. Resistors R75 and R76 adjust the output of U5 for a regulated +5 volt dc potential. 3-26. Proportional VSWR foldback is provided by diode D1. Fuses F1. the power supply provides a +30 volt unregulated potential for input to pass transistors Q1 and Q2 on the RF amplifier assembly. Refer to Figure 3-2 as required for the following description of the exciter power supply. -8 - . the ac line routed through an additional ac line filter. 3-29.3-24.0 volt ac potentials at the secondaries. If the reflected voltage sample at U1B output exceeds the output of U1A. Resistor R79 and diode D20 adjust the output of U1 for a regulated +20 volt dc potential.

-9 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC FIGURE 3-2. POWER SUPPLY SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM 597-1050-11 .

H. Fluke 75 or equivalent. shipped with the exciter (P/N 407-0083). REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. G. To adjust controls R5 and R9. proceed as follows: A. E. 4-2. Potentiome ters R5 and R9 are adjusted as follows. C. Connect a 100 watt. electrical adjustment procedures and troubleshooting information for the power supply/control circuit board. 4-6. Apply primary power and record the front-panel FWD meter indication . for test load (P/N 417-3841). 4-4. Non-inductive. B. Disconnect the exciter primary power. D. Adapter. MAINTENANCE. 100 watt. This section provides maintenance information. -10 WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Refer to Figure 4-1 and operate AUTO-PWR-MAN switch S1 to the MAN position. 50 Ohm test load. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING B. 50 Ohm test load and in-line wattmeter to the rear-panel RF OUTPUT receptacle. Insulated adjustment tool. ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS. The following tools and equipment are required for electrical adjustment procedures. for test load (P/N 417-3288). Adapter. FWD CAL (R5) AND RFL CAL (R9). BNC jack-to-jack N plug. 4-3. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. 4-5. C. F. INTRODUCTION. Temperature probe. Procedure. Coaxial Accessory Cable. A. Remove the top-cover. Calibrated 50 Ohm in-line wattmeter. E. BNC connectors. shipped with exciter (P/N 949-0017-2). 4-7. D. FWD CAL control R5 and RFL CAL control R9 on the power supply/control circuit board must be adjusted in proper sequence. Digital voltmeter. Fluke 80T-150 or equivalent.SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. BNC jack-to-jack N plug.

K. -11 WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . INC 597-1050-64 FIGURE 4-1. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust PWR SET control R52 for a 40 watt output power indication on the external meter. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust RFL CAL control R9 until the meter indicates 11% of the value recorded in step I. I. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. J. F. H. Remove the external wattmeter. G. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust FWD CAL control R5 for 40 watts as indicated on the front-panel FWD meter. 50 Ohm test loads (in parallel) to the RF OUTPUT receptacle as shown. Depress the FWD meter function switch and record the meter indication . Depress the RFL meter function switch. Repeat steps I and J as required until the 11% rate is established.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. Refer to Figure 4-2 and connect two 100 watt. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED.

INC FIGURE 4-2.WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -12 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. PARALLEL LOAD CONNECTION 597-1050-63 .

Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. C. Disconnect all test equipment. Procedure. Potentiometer R25 is adjusted as follows. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect a voltmeter between TP1 and TP6 (ground). Connect the normal load to the exciter and depress the front-panel FWD meter function switch. Disconnect the exciter primary power. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. O. D. Connect the probe to a voltmeter and record the temperature indication (TI) . Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust TEMP CAL control R25 until the voltmeter indicates the value recorded in step D. M. B. A. Using the following equation and information from step C. V = TI + 273 100 E. EXAMPLE: 25°C +273 = 298 = 2. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING.98V 100 100 -13 WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . 4-8. G. proceed as follows: 4-9. TEMP CAL (R25). and replace the top-cover. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust PWR SET control R52 until the meter indicates the value recorded in step A. Remove the top-cover and attach a temperature probe to the RF amplifier heatsink assembly near U1. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. calculate and record the voltage (V) . To adjust TEMP CAL control R25. F.L. TEMP CAL control R25 on the power supply/control circuit board cali brates the output voltage of temperature sensor U1 on the RF amplifier assembly in rela tion to temperature. Apply primary power to the exciter. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. N.

A. TROUBLESHOOTING. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. H. Remove the top-cover. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. Procedure. Remove the test equipment and replace the top-cover. proceed as follows: 4-11. The troubleshooting philosophy for the power supply/control circuit board consists of isolat ing a problem to a specific circuit.65V dc. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. TEMP TRIP control R27 on the power supply/control circuit board ad justs the threshold of the over temperature circuit. B. The problem may be further isolated by referencing the following information and Figure 4-3 which presents troubleshooting information. Potentiometer R27 is adjusted as fol lows. D. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect a voltmeter between TP2 and TP6 (ground). 4-12. 4-10. TEMP TRIP (R27). Remove the test equipment and replace the top-cover. F. 4-13. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust R27 until the voltmeter indicates +3. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. To adjust control R27. C. E. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED.WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. -14 WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . I.

After the problem is isolated and power is totally deenergized. -15 WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Inc. DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EXCITER BEFORE REMOVING OR REPLACING ANY COMPO NENTS. INADVERTENT CONTACT BETWEEN ADJACENT COMPONENTS AND CIRCUIT TRACES MAY DAMAGE THE POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD. for repair or replacement. The defective cir cuitry may be repaired locally or the circuit board may be returned to Broadcast Electron ics.WARNING WARNING CAUTION CAUTION 4-14. refer to the schematic dia grams and the theory of operation to facilitate in problem resolution.

WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -16 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-65 FIGURE 4-3. NO PA VOLTAGE TO THE RF AMPLIFIER .

5-2. and schematic diagrams as listed below for the power supply/control circuit board. wiring diagrams.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1. TITLE POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM NUMBER SB919-0107/-001 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 AC919-0107/-001 -17 - . INTRODUCTION. This section provides assembly drawings.

35V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 100V Capacitor. Mica. 50 pF ±5%. 390 pF ±5%. 6-2. 100 uF.1 uF ±20%. Electrolytic. Electrolytic. 390 pF ±5%. Non-Polarized Capacitor. Ceramic. DES. Mica. 100 uF. 100 uF. 1 Watt Diode. 0. 22 uF. 50V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 100V Capacitor. Ceramic. 0.01 uF ±10%.1 uF ±20%. 0.1 uF ±20%. 0. 500V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. TITLE POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY NUMBER 919-0107 PAGE 18 TABLE 6-1 TABLE 6-1. Electrolytic. 200V Capacitor. 27V ±10%. 50V Diode. Zener. Monolythic Ceramic. 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 4 1 1 -18 - . 100V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 1N4148. 50V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. 042-3922 001-1014 003-1054 031-1043 024-1064 030-1033 040-5013 042-3922 014-1084 003-1054 023-1076 042-3922 030-1033 024-1064 014-1094 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 014-1094 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 024-2274 023-1084 003-1054 203-4148 200-0027 200-4751 QTY. 50V Capacitor. This section provides replacement parts lists for the FX-50/E power supply/control circuit board as indexed below. Silicon. 50V Capacitor.919-0107 (Sheet 1 of 4) REF. 35V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%.001 uF ±10%. 1 Watt PART NO. 40V Capacitor.C2 C3. 10 pF ±10%. 100 uF. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1N4751A. 1 uF. Monolythic Ceramic. 30V ±10%. Electrolytic. 75V @ 0. 1N4750A. Ceramic Disc.1 uF ±20%. Electrolytic. Chassis mounted components of the power supply are listed as parts of the exciter basic assembly located in PART I of this manual.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. 0. 50V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 100V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. 1000 uF.3 Amperes Diode. 50V Capacitor.C4 C5 THRU C7 C8. 35V Capacitor.001 uF ±10%. Electrolytic.C32 C33 C34 C35. Electrolytic. C1. 0. 200V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. Zener. 1 uF.1 uF ±20%. Monolythic Ceramic. Mica. 50V Capacitor. 0. 1000 uF. Monolythic Ceramic.C36 C37 D1 THRU D4 D5 D6 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. 0. Mica. 0. Mylar.C19 C20 C23 C24 C25 C26. 35V Capacitor.C27 C28 C29 C30 C31.C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C15 C16 C17 C18. Monolythic Ceramic. Electrolytic. 1kV. 10 uF. INTRODUCTION. 390 pF ±5%. 0.

47V Switch. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 15 k Ohm ±1%. 1W Diode. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 3. 10 k Ohm ±1%.8 k Ohm ±1%. Silicon. 12. 2 k Ohm ±10%. 1 2 6 1 8 1 1 2 1 8 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -19 - . Silicon. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. V47ZA1. 6. Silicon. Silicon. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1/4W Resistor. Silicon. 100V @ 25 Amperes Diode. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode.19 k Ohm ±1%. 75V @ 0. 2N3904. 6. 1/4W Resistor. DES.81 k Ohm ±1%. Silicon. 1N4148.92 k Ohm ±1%. 5 k Ohm ±20%. Silicon. Silicon. 1. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1. Zener. 75V @ 0. 2N3904. 1/4W Resistor. Silicon. 1/4W Resistor.D30 D31 E1 thru E8 F1 J10 J11 J12. 6. 1/4W Resistor. NPN.3 Amperes Diode. 1 Watt Diode. TO-92 Case Transistor. 1N4005.82 k Ohm ±1%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W Resistor. 1/2W Resistor.3V ±10%.J13 J22 J23 MOV1 P22 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 R1. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 2 k Ohm ±10%. 15-Pin Receptacle. Male. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%. 3. 3. 1N4148. 15 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. Double Shoulder Fuse. 1/4W Resistor. 3. 1/4W Resistor. 200V @ 3 Amperes Diode. 1N4005. 2-Pin Transistor. 1/4W Resistor.3 Amperes Diode. Male. 5. MR502. 10 k Ohm ±10% 1/2W Resistor. 9-Pin Connector. Male. 8 Amperes. 1/4W Potentiometer.3 Amperes Terminal. 1/2W Resistor. 2N3906. NPN. 1/4W Resistor. 20-Pin In-Line Receptacle. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W Resistor. 15V. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 1. 15 k Ohm ±1%.19 k Ohm ±1%. 237-0007 203-4148 203-4005 202-0502 203-4005 200-0015 203-4148 201-4728 203-4148 413-0025 330-0802 418-0900 417-0169 417-0200 417-0003 417-0200 140-0018 340-0004 211-3904 210-3906 211-3904 210-3906 100-1841 103-1062 100-1051 178-2044 100-1041 100-1062 100-1051 178-5044 103-1504 100-1841 100-1041 100-5141 103-1215 100-1551 100-3943 103-6194 103-3924 103-6194 103-6814 103-1007 100-1551 103-1062 100-1551 178-1054 103-4755 178-2044 100-1051 103-3324 100-1051 QTY. Turret.D11 D12 THRU D17 D18 D19 THRU D26 D27 D28 D29. 20-Pin In-Line Metal Oxide Varistor. Jumper Programmable. 3/4W Resistor. GBB-8. Fast-Blow Connector. 1/4W Potentiometer. 47. 1/4W Resistor. 2N6505. PNP. 3-Pin In-Line Receptacle.R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30 DESCRIPTION Silicon Controlled Rectifier. TO-92 Case Transistor. 75V @ 0.32 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W PART NO.1 k Ohm ±1%.5 k Ohm ±1%. TO-92 Case Transistor. PNP. 1N4728. TO-92 Case Resistor.92 k Ohm ±1%. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1N4744A. Silicon.11 k Ohm ±1%. 2N3906. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. Zener.919-0107 (Sheet 2 of 4) REF. 1/4W Resistor.5 k Ohm ±1%. D7 D8.TABLE 6-1. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1N4148.

W/W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.21 k Ohm ±1%. DES. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 0. 10 Ohm ±1%. 47. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%.82 k Ohm ±1%. 10W.2 k Ohm ±1%.R43 R44. 115V ac or dc Terminal. 0. 33.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.919-0107 (Sheet 3 of 4) REF. 5W. 1. 100 Ohm ±1%. Turret. 1/4W Resistor. 220 Ohm ±5%. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 121 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1. W/W Resistor.82 k Ohm ±1%. Slide. 33. DPDT. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. UA723. 8-Pin DIP Voltage Regulator. 0. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.2 k Ohm ±1%.R63 R64 R65 R70. 1. 33. W/W Resistor. 103-1561 100-1051 103-1007 103-3325 100-1841 100-1041 103-4755 103-2241 103-3325 103-1062 100-1051 103-1007 103-6346 103-1062 103-3325 103-5141 100-1041 103-1021 178-5046 103-6813 103-2212 100-1051 110-2233 100-4755 100-1041 103-1021 100-1041 132-2003 100-1013 100-1051 132-2003 100-1031 100-1041 132-0114 103-3631 100-1231 100-1841 100-1231 100-1841 103-4755 103-1261 103-4755 103-1261 103-1007 345-0863 413-1597 221-0358 227-0723 227-0317 QTY. 1/4W Resistor.2 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.R81 R82 R83. 1/4W Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 5. 1/4W Resistor.2 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.82 k Ohm ±1%.5 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/2W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY .11 k Ohm ±1%. Circuit Board Mount. 1/4W Potentiometer. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. TO-220 Case PART NO. 1 k Ohm ±1%. Double Shoulder Integrated Circuit. 121 Ohm ±5%. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%. 14-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit.R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50 R51 R52 R53 R54 R55 R56 R57 R59 R60 R61 R62. 1. 1/4W Resistor. LM358N. Dual Operational Amplifier. 365 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 47. 1/2W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 10 Ohm ±1%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 681 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 634 k Ohm ±1%. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%. 1. 2. 1.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 150 k Ohm ±1%.5 k Ohm ±1%. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Switch.R33 R34 R35 R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42.TABLE 6-1.5 Ampere. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1 Ohm ±5%.2V to 37V.R84. 1/4W Resistor. 5 k Ohm ±10%. 5W.5A. 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 8 3 1 1 -20 - . 22. 1/4W Resistor. 121 k Ohm ±1%. 121 k Ohm ±1%. Adjustable Positive Voltage Regulator. 1/4W Resistor.R71 R72 R73 R74 R75 R76 R77 R78 R79 R80.2 Ohm ±5%.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.R85 R86 R87 S1 THRU S3 TP1 THRU TP8 U1 THRU U3 U4 U5 DESCRIPTION Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.1 Ohm ±1%. LM317T. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 47. 1/4W Resistor. 47. R31 R32.

2V to 37V.5 Ampere. DES. TO-220 Case Fuse Clips. Adjustable Negative Voltage Regulator. 8-Pin DIP Socket. 1. AGC Socket. 14-Pin DIP Fuse Cover Blank Power Supply/Control Circuit Board PART NO. U6 XF1. XF2 XU1 THRU XU3 XU4 ------- DESCRIPTION Integrated Circuit.TABLE 6-1. LM337T. 1. POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1 2 3 1 1 1 -21 - .919-0107 (Sheet 4 of 4) REF. 227-0337 415-2068 417-0804 417-1404 407-0141 519-0107-001 QTY.

METERING CIRCUIT TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-6 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-7 3-11 3-16 3-17 3-20 3-21 3-22 3-23 3-30 3-32 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-8 4-10 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION VI 6-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Description Internal Voltmeter Characteristics REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Introduction Removal and Installation Procedures Removal Procedure Required Equipment Procedure Installation Procedure THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Status Indicator Circuits Multimeter Circuit FWD/RFL Meter Operation PAV Meter Operation PAI Meter Operation AFC Meter Operation Test Meter Operation Meter Function Preset Circuit Modulation Display Circuit Automatic Ranging Circuit Operation Voltage Regulator Circuits MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Required Equipment Meter Calibrate Control (R56) Display Calibrate (R41) and X10 Calibrate (R28) Controls Troubleshooting DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENT PARTS Introduction 16 14 10 10 10 10 10 11 12 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 9 9 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 PAGE NO.

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NO. 4-1 6-1 DESCRIPTION Metering Circuit Board Troubleshooting Metering Circuit Board Assembly PAGE NO. 12 16

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FIGURE NO. 2-1 3-1 4-1 DESCRIPTION Metering Circuit Board Removal and Installation Diagram Simplified Schematic Metering Circuit Board Controls and Test Points PAGE NO. 3 7 11

SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION

1-1. 1-2.

INTRODUCTION.
This section provides general information and specifications relative to operation of the exciter metering circuit board.

1-3. 1-4.

DESCRIPTION.
The metering circuit board is equipped with LED status indicators for the +5 volt, +20 volt, -20 volt, TEMP, VSWR, RF, and LOCK operating parameters. Modulation percentage from 5% to 145% is indicated by a color coded moving bar LED display with an automatic rang ing amplifier to convert the meter full scale indication to 14.5%. The metering circuit board also includes a multimeter circuit with an LCD display for measuring five steady-state operating parameters. In addition, the multimeter can be converted into a high-impedance dc voltmeter for troubleshooting purposes.

1-5.

1-6. 1-7.

INTERNAL VOLTMETER CHARACTERISTICS.
The internal voltmeter input impedance is 1.5 Meg Ohms. The meter is capable of measur ing dc potentials from 0 to ±45 volts.

-1 -

A. REMOVAL PROCEDURE.16 cm) blade. B. 4 inch (10. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES. 2-2. C. 2-4. The following equipment is required to remove the metering cir cuit board assembly. E. Remove the FX-50 top-cover and disconnect P14 from the metering circuit board. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. Number 1 Phillips screwdriver. 2-3. Flat tip screwdriver. A. Remove the five screws securing the shield to the circuit board assembly. Lift the circuit board assembly from the front-panel by applying light pressure on the multimeter function switches. 4 inch (10. PROCEDURE. INTRODUCTION. Remove the five stand-offs and one screw securing the circuit board assembly to the front-panel. Disconnect the primary power from the exciter. C.SECTION II REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION 2-1. 2-8. 2-7.16 cm) blade. 4 inch (10. proceed as follows: -2 - . The removal of the metering circuit board assembly requires the exciter be placed on a suitable work surface. D. Number 2 Phillips screwdriver. Remove the four front-panel mounting screws on the underside of the chassis and lower the front-panel. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE. This section provides removal and installation procedures for the FX-50/E metering circuit board assembly.16 cm) blade with 1/4 inch tip. Remove the two front-panel mounting screws on each side of the chassis. refer to Figure 2-1 and proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. B. G. 2-6. To remove the metering circuit board assembly. To install the metering circuit board assembly after repairs have been completed. 2-5. F.

-3 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-12 FIGURE 2-1. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION DIAGRAM .

Disconnect the primary power from the exciter. -4 - . B. Follow the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in reverse order.WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. A.

Amps. input switches U6A and U3A or U3B will operate and route a sample voltage to the input of amplifier U4A. When the forward or reflected power meter function is selected. DS2 through DS4 will illuminate to indicate the presence of +20V. 3-11. INTRODUCTION. FWD/RFL METER OPERATION. 3-7. U9 will generate a three digit BCD code to the input of meter function latch U10 and a HIGH to one shot U8A. RF amplifier malfunction. -5 - . LCD meter display DS12 will indicate a value as numerical characters. When a function switch is depressed. 3-8. Modulation Display Circuit D. 3-10. U11 will decode the information and output logic HIGHs to operate the appropriate input switch(es) for the selected meter function. However. The linear output of U4A is routed through input switch U6A to A/D converter/display driver U7. or Volts). A. The metering circuit board contains seven LEDs to provide exciter status indications. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION. a momen tary HIGH is input to U9. and +5V primary oper ating potentials. Multimeter Circuit C. -20V. This sample voltage is non-linear. This section presents the theory of operation for the FX-50/E metering circuit board. 3-3. 3-2. excessive VSWR. Voltage Regulator Circuits 3-5. The metering circuit board contains four circuits. U8A outputs a momentary LOW to the clock input of U10 which latches the information and routes the BCD code to the input of meter function/input switch decoder U11. 3-6. STATUS INDICATOR CIRCUITS. Status Indicator Circuits B. 3-9. These HIGHs are also routed to indicator de coder/driver U12 and the decimal point locator logic. 3-12. 3-4. A simplified schematic diagram of the metering circuit board is presented in Figure 3-1. U7 converts the analog voltage to digital information by activating the appro priate display segment control lines to DS12. MULTIMETER CIRCUIT. U4A output is maintained linear by a resistor/diode linearization network in combination with feedback resistor R16.SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION 3-1. DS5 through DS8 will illuminate to indicate frequency lock. and excessive RF amplifier temperature. The multimeter circuit and LCD display provides a visual indication of five exciter steady state operating parameters. Refer to Figure 3-1 as required for a description of the following circuits. Meter function switches S1 through S6 are routed directly to the input of meter function encoder U9. U12 outputs a LOW to illuminate a function indicator and appropriate unit of measure indicator (Watts.

3-18. 3-20. 3-19.3-13. and meter shunt R62/R63 (located on the power/supply control circuit board). 3-27. This circuit consists of inte grated circuit U2. input switch U3C will METER FUNCTION PRESET CIRCUIT. A/D converter/display driver U7 also routes information to a decimal point locator logic cir cuit consisting of U13B. Meter calibration control R56 is provided to adjust the multimeter for an accurate indica tion in the test meter mode of operation. A sample of the audio signal is input to gain switch amplifier U1B and automatic ranging amplifier U1C. U7 will activate all segment control lines which illuminates all DS12 dis play segments. input switch U6D will operate and route a sample voltage to the input of A/D converter/display driver U7. operate and route test probe potentials to the input of U7 through buffer U4B. -6 - . and U13D. The output of U2D is applied to current amplifier Q1 which transfers the positive charge on capacitor C12 to C13 through resistor R36 and diode D24. 3-17. The output of U2B and U2C are routed to U2D which differentially amplifies the full-wave rectified signal. When PA current flows. The PAI meter circuit utilizes two voltage-to-current converter circuits. and one shot U8B automatically selects the for ward power meter function when exciter primary power is applied. C13 discharges through R37 at a slower rate to provide the display with a gradual decay time and a rapid rise time. 3-15. R7. 3-16. The positive excursions of the signal at the output of U2A are applied to buffer U2B through diode D3. When the PA voltage function is selected. Gain switch Q7 is normally closed for high levels of audio signal. The second converter consists of integrated circuit U5A. The negative excursions are applied to buffer U2C through diode D4. When the AFC voltage meter function is selected. AFC METER OPERATION. PAI METER OPERATION. U1C operates as an inverting unity gain amplifier. The output of U5B is routed to amplifier Q2 which applies feedback to the inverting input of U5B to maintain circuit stabilization. With information from U11 and U7. The operation of this circuit is similar to the previous circuit with the following exception. When +5 volts is applied to TP2. resistors R8. 3-24. Q4 will output a LOW to U8B as C32 charges through R61. 3-21. current amplifier Q2. R47. 3-26. The amplified current through Q2 will develop a voltage across R7 in proportion to the collector current for application to a second converter. diodes D3 and D4. 3-14. When the test meter function is selected. TEST METER OPERATION. The rate at which the charge is transferred is determined by R36. this circuit will position the decimal point within the displayed value. U8B outputs a momentary HIGH to forward power meter function switch S1 and the input of meter function encoder U9. 3-23. PAV METER OPERATION. input switch U6B will operate and route a sample voltage to the input of A/D converter/display driver U7. 3-22. and input switch U6C. Test point TP2 is employed to determine the condition of the LCD display. With Q7 closed. current amplifier Q3. transistor switch Q4. resistors R6. a voltage is developed across R62/R63 and routed to the input of U5B through R6. and transistor Q1 and associated components. The modulation display circuit and moving bar LED display provides a visual indication of the modulation percentage. 3-25. A meter function preset circuit consisting of resistor R61. The voltage developed across Q3 collector resistor R47 is routed to the A/D converter/display driver through input switch U6C. U13C. The first consists of integrated circuit U5B. capacitor C32. The output of U1C is applied to a precision rectifier and meter ballistics circuit. MODULATION DISPLAY CIRCUIT.

SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC -7-/-8- .COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-13 FIGURE 3-1.

Voltage regulator circuit U15 converts a -20 volt potential into a -15 volt source. AUTOMATIC RANGING CIRCUIT OPERATION. voltage regulator circuit U22 converts the +30 volt unregulated voltage (B+) to provide a +24 volt potential. U20. and current limiting circuits. Finally. resistors R91. the output of gain switch amplifier U1A insufficiently charges capacitor C4 through diode D1. R93. and DS11 which illuminate when the lines are activated. 3-32. With Q7 OFF (open). 3-34. This converts the circuit into an inverting amplifier with a gain of 10. During low level signal conditions. thermal overload protection. 3-31. All regulators are equipped with overload protection. This -15 volts is also applied to the input of regulator circuit U16 which provides a -5 volt potential. VOLTAGE REGULATOR CIRCUITS. expanded scale calibration control R28 operates as a feedback resistor for automatic ranging amplifier U1C. The automatic ranging circuit provides expanded scale meter indication for low level modulation signals. 3-30. 3-33. -9 - . The metering circuit board contains four voltage regulator circuits which convert the FX-50/E primary operating voltages to potentials required for circuit board operation. The signal at capacitor C13 is routed to display drivers U19. Voltage regulator circuit U14 converts a +20 volt potential into a +15 volt source. DS10.3-28. Each display driver contains a resistive ladder network and comparator circuits which sequentially activate output lines in direct propor tion to the input voltage. 3-29. The output lines of the display drivers are connected to LED displays DS9. An output line from U20 is routed to one shot U18 which generates a one second pulse to illuminate the 100% LED. and U21 through buffer U1D and 100% calibration control R41. Integrated circuit U17. This minimal charge on C4 is applied to gain switch comparator U1B which outputs a posi tive voltage to bias gain switch Q7 OFF and illuminate indicator DS11. and R95 provide a reference voltage for the display drivers.

ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS. C. INTRODUCTION. electrical adjustment procedures and troubleshooting information for the metering circuit board assembly. A. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Potentiometer R56 on the metering circuit board adjusts the multimeter circuitry for an accurate indication in the test meter mode. METER CALIBRATE CONTROL (R56). 4-3. MAINTENANCE. C. Remove the top-cover. D. -10WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. remove the test equipment. To ad just R56.SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. and replace the top-cover. B. 4-6. 4-4. Disconnect the power to the exciter. proceed as follows: 4-7. Calibrated oscilloscope. adjust R56 until the front-panel and external meter indications are equal. Apply exciter primary power and operate the test switch/indicator on the metering circuit board to illuminate the switch/indicator. Insulated adjustment tool. Connect an external voltmeter and exciter test probe to test point TP1 (+5V). The following tools and equipment are required for electrical adjustment procedures. replace the test probe in the clip provided. 4-2. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. 4-5. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. Fluke 75 or equivalent. Digital voltmeter. Procedure. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows. shipped with the exciter (P/N 407-0083). A. D. Disconnect the exciter primary power. With an insulated adjustment tool. Low distortion audio generator. This section provides maintenance information. To adjust meter calibration control R56. E. B.

COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at 6 volts peak-to-peak (2. To adjust R41 and R28. INC 597-1050-14 FIGURE 4-1. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows: A. adjust R41 fully counterclockwise. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED.212V RMS).6V peak-to-peak (0. Connect an oscilloscope to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT connector. R41 and R28 are adjusted as follows. DISPLAY CALIBRATE (R41) AND X10 CALIBRATE (R28) CONTROLS. Display calibrate control R41 and X10 calibrate control R28 on the metering circuit board must be adjusted in proper sequence. Adjust the audio generator for 0. D. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS AND TEST POINTS 4-8. C. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the front-panel COMPOSITE IN connector. 4-9.12V RMS) as indicated on the oscilloscope. The front-panel X10 indicator will illuminate. E. B. Procedure. With an insulated adjustment tool. then clockwise until the 100% modulation indicator just illuminates. -11WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING .

TROUBLESHOOTING. Check the -15V regulator circuit U15. 4-11. -12WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . With an insulated adjustment tool. Remove all test equipment and replace the top-cover. 2. The problem may be further isolated by referencing the following information and Table 4-1 which presents troubleshooting information for the metering circuit board. DISCONNECT THE POWER FROM THE EXCITER BE FORE REMOVING OR REPLACING ANY COMPO NENTS. 2. The troubleshooting philosophy for the metering circuit board consists of isolating a prob lem to a specific circuit. F. then clockwise until the 100% modulation indicator just illuminates. 4. NO MODULATION AND MULTIMETER DISPLAY NO MODULATION DISPLAY NO 100% MODULATION INDICATOR 1. refer to the schematic dia grams and the theory of operation to facilitate in problem resolution. adjust R28 fully counterclockwise. Check transistors Q5 and Q6. 3. 2. Check the +24V regulator circuit U22. After the problem is isolated and power is totally deenergized. INADVERTENT CONTACT BETWEEN ADJACENT COM PONENTS AND CIRCUIT TRACES MAY DAMAGE THE METERING CIRCUIT BOARD. 1. Check integrated circuit U2 and associated components. 3. Check the -5V regulator circuit U16. Check the +15V regulator circuit U14. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD TROUBLESHOOTING (Sheet 1 of 2) SYMPTOM DEFECT/REMEDY 1. TABLE 4-1. Check transistor Q1 and associated components. Check integrated circuit U1C. Check integrated circuit U18. 4-10. Inc.WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. for repair or replacement. The defective cir cuitry may be repaired locally or the circuit board may be returned to Broadcast Electron ics. WARNING WARNING CAUTION CAUTION 4-12. G.

METERING CIRCUIT BOARD TROUBLESHOOTING (Sheet 2 of 2) SYMPTOM ENTIRE MODULATION DISPLAY IS ILLUMINATED NO X10 METER INDICATOR NO EXPANDED SCALE METER OPERATION NO X10 METER INDICATOR AND EXPANDED SCALE METER OPERATION NO 5% TO 50% METER INDICATORS NO MULTIMETER FUNCTION SWITCH OPERATION DEFECT/REMEDY 1. Check PAV switch S3. 2. Check display DS10. 1. Check integrated circuit U8A. 1. 2. Check integrated circuit U4A and associated components. Check X10 indicator DS1. Check integrated circuit U11. NO PAV MULTIMETER FUNCTION NO FWD POWER FUNCTION SELECTED WHEN PRIMARY POWER IS APPLIED 1. Check display driver U20. Check integrated circuit U7. 3. 4. Check input switch U6A. 2. 1. Check FET switch Q7 and associated components. 1. Check display DS12. Check input switch U6B. 1. 1. 1.TABLE 4-1. Check integrated circuit U8B. Check integrated circuit U1A/U1B and associated components. 2. Check transistor Q4 and associated components. Check +7. 2. 2. Check input switch U3A. NO MULTIMETER FUNCTION AND UNIT MEASURE INDICATORS NO FWD POWER METER INDICATION NO FWD AND RFL POWER METER INDICATION NO LCD DISPLAY -13WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . 1. Check integrated circuit U12. 1.5V reference voltage circuit U17. Check integrated circuit U9. 1. Check integrated circuit U10.

and schematic diagrams as listed below for the metering circuit board assembly. wiring diagrams. INTRODUCTION. 5-2. This section provides assembly drawings.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1. TITLE METERING CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM METERING CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LOCATOR NUMBER SD919-0108/ -001 AD919-0108/ -001 597-1050-71 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 5-3 -14WARNING: DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING .

5 pF ±5%.1 uF ±20%. Monolythic Ceramic. 0. 50V Capacitor. Mica. Electrolytic. 50V Capacitor.C28 C29 C30. 100 uF. 0. 50V Capacitor. DES. 35V Capacitor. 0. 0. 10 uF. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components. 0. 35V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators appearing on the applicable schematic diagram.C33 C34 THRU C45 C46 THRU C49 C50 C51 DESCRIPTION Capacitor.C18.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. 1 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 12 4 1 1 -16 - . 100V Capacitor. 0. 50 pF ±5%. Monolythic Ceramic. 500V Capacitor.C7 C8 C9. Mica. Monolythic Ceramic. 100V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 0.1 uF ±20%. 5 pF ±5%. 10 uF. 0. 100V Capacitor.C19 C20 C21. Mica.047 uF ±10%. INTRODUCTION. 100 uF. 500V. 33 pF ±5%. 50V Capacitor. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY .1 uF ±20%.C10 C11 C12 C13 C14 C15 C16 C17. 10 uF. 100V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 390 pF ±5%. TITLE METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY NUMBER 919-0108 PAGE 16 TABLE 6-1 TABLE 6-1.C22 C23 C24 C25 C26 C27. 0. Monolythic Ceramic. Mica. Mylar. 35V PART NO. 0. 35V Capacitor. NPO Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. Monolythic Ceramic. 0. Mylar Film. 50V Capacitor.C31 C32. 50V Capacitor. Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. NPO Capacitor. 100V Capacitor. Ceramic. Electrolytic. 390 pF ±5%. Electrolytic. 390 pF ±5%. Mica.01 uF ±10%. Monolythic Ceramic. 6-2. Electrolytic. 500V. 390 pF ±5%. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the metering circuit board as sembly. Monolythic Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. 50V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. Monolythic Ceramic. 500V Capacitor.919-0108 (Sheet 1 of 5) REF. 390 pF ±5%. Mica. assemblies. Mica. C1 C2.C3. 020-1085 003-1054 042-3922 001-5004 003-1054 001-5004 023-1076 031-1043 042-3312 003-1054 042-3922 003-1054 042-3922 003-1054 042-3922 003-1054 042-3922 040-5013 003-1054 030-4743 003-1054 023-1076 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 023-1076 QTY. 0.1 uF ±20%. 100V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. 50V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%.C4 C6. 50V Capacitor. 100V Capacitor.

MV57164. Monolythic Ceramic.3 Amperes Diode. 35V Capacitor. 1N4005.919-0108 (Sheet 2 of 5) REF. 1/4W PART NO. MV57173. 10 uF. Silicon.DS10 DS11 DS12 DS13 THRU DS17 DS18 THRU DS20 E1 J14 Q1. TO-92 Case Resistor. 1N4742A.1 uF ±20%. 30V ±10%. Green. Red. 20-Pin In-Line Transistor.D2 D3. 1N5363.D17 D18. 1/4W Resistor. 35V Capacitor. 2N3906. High Voltage. 35V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. Light Intensity G LED. Silicon. 35V Capacitor. 1W Diode. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%. 0. 22 uF.1 uF ±20%. Silicon. MV57173.3 Amperes Diode. Schottky Barrier Type. Electrolytic. 50V Diode. 10 uF. 15 mA Diode. TO-92 Case Transistor. 12V ±5%. DES. 0. MV57173. Green. High Efficiency 10-Segment Bar Graph Array LCD Display. 10 uF. 1/4W Resistor. Silicon. 100 k Ohm ±1%. HP5082-2800. 003-1054 023-1076 003-1054 023-1076 003-1054 023-1076 024-2274 023-1076 003-1054 023-1076 003-1054 203-4148 201-2800 203-4148 200-4733 203-4148 200-4742 203-4005 203-4148 203-4005 201-2800 200-5363 320-0017 320-0016 320-0017 320-4164 320-7164 320-0021 320-0017 320-0016 413-1597 417-0200 211-3904 210-3906 211-3904 210-0271 100-1051 103-5364 100-1051 103-5364 103-1062 103-4993 103-1007 QTY. Male. 50V Capacitor.3 Amperes Diode. 75V @ 0. 75V @ 0.D4 D5 THRU D13 D14 D15. TO-92 Case Field Effect Transistor. Monolythic Ceramic. Silicon. Silicon.3 Amperes Diode. Light Intensity I LED. HP5082-2800. Silicon. 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 9 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 3 2 1 1 5 3 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 -17- .D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 DS1 DS2 THRU DS5 DS6 THRU DS8 DS9. NPN. 15 mA Diode. R8 R9 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. PNP. Red.36 k Ohm ±1%. High Voltage. Monolythic Ceramic. MV54164. 75V @ 0.36 k Ohm ±1%. Red. Zener.D19 D20. MV54173. Turret. Light Intensity G LED. 499 Ohm ±1%. 10 uF. 1/4W Resistor. Light Intensity I Terminal.1 uF ±20%. 1/4W Resistor. 1N4005. Zener. Silicon. 1N4148. Electrolytic. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 50V Capacitor. 2N3904. Electrolytic. Double Shoulder Receptacle. 70V. 50V Capacitor. J271. Silicon. Green. TO-92 Case Transistor. 10 uF. C52 C53 C54 C55 C56. 1/4W Resistor. Schottky Barrier Type. 0. 5.TABLE 6-1. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. 35V Capacitor. Zener. R7.Q2 Q3 THRU Q5 Q6 Q7 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6.1 uF ±20%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. Light Intensity G LED. 5. 70V.D16. 0. MV54173. 1N4148. P-Channel JFET. Monolythic Ceramic. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. 1N4733A. 1N4148. Monolythic Ceramic. 2N3904. Electrolytic. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . Electrolytic.1V ±5%. Electrolytic. 5. 5W LED. 1W Diode.C57 C58 C59 C60 C61 C62 C63 D1. 50V Capacitor. 0. NPN. 75V @ 0. High Efficiency 10-Segment Bar Graph Array LED. Red. 1/4W Resistor. 1N4148. 4-Digit LED.

1/4W Resistor. 845 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor Network.7 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/2W Resistor. 10 Ohm ±1%. 22 Meg Ohm ±5%.5% Resistors. 1. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 30 k Ohm ±1%.75 k Ohm ±1%. 11. 1. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%.7W Total Dissipation. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 103-4996 103-5363 103-1914 100-7132 103-1105 103-1274 100-1041 103-9314 100-1041 100-1051 100-1041 100-2283 103-2675 100-1051 103-3061 103-1504 100-1083 103-8255 177-2054 100-1051 103-8254 103-1062 226-0392 103-1021 103-5141 103-1021 100-2283 100-1051 103-1007 100-2041 177-2044 100-1051 103-4741 103-8453 103-2751 103-8453 103-1504 103-1695 103-8453 103-8454 103-8453 100-1051 103-1062 103-1007 100-3051 177-1054 QTY. 1/4W Resistor. 9. 1/4W Resistor. DES. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.919-0108 (Sheet 3 of 5) REF. 26. 16. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -18 - . 1/4W Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 536 Ohm ±1%. 20 k Ohm ±10%. 22 Meg Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor.2 k Ohm ±1%. 499 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 301 k Ohm ±1%.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1/2W PART NO. 8. 10 k Ohm ±1%.TABLE 6-1. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.0 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 715 Ohm ±1%. 2 k Ohm ±10%. 1/2W Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±1%.31 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.27 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 845 Ohm ±1%. 845 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 82. 2 k Ohm ±1%. 0. R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30 R31 R32 R33. 1/4W Potentiometer. 10-10 k Ohm 0. 1/4W Resistor. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.4 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.5 k Ohm ±1%. 845 Ohm ±1%.5 k Ohm ±1%. 10 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 4. 10 k Ohm ±10%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W Resistor.91 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 27. 1.9 k Ohm ±1%. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.11 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.R34 R35 R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50 R51 R52 R53 R54 R55 R56 DESCRIPTION Resistor. 1. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 8. 5. 10 Meg Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 16-Pin DIP Resistor.45 k Ohm ±1%.

R76 R77 R78 R79 R80 R81 R82 R83 R84 R85 R86 R87 R88 R89 R90 R91 R92 R93 R94 R95 R96 R97 R98 THRU R107 R108 R109 R110 R111 R112 S1 THRU S6 TP1 THRU TP6 U1. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.7 k Ohm ±1%.1 Ohm ±1%.33 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.TABLE 6-1. Push. 619 Ohm ±1%. 103-4755 103-1826 100-1873 100-1051 103-4755 103-2673 103-1062 100-1051 103-6193 103-2003 103-5112 100-1231 103-1331 100-1231 103-1331 100-1231 103-3631 103-2675 103-4755 103-2675 103-1062 100-1231 100-6031 103-1214 103-4993 103-1214 103-4993 103-1214 103-4993 103-4755 103-1062 100-1041 100-1231 103-2264 100-1111 103-1062 103-5112 340-0107 413-1597 221-0074 225-0004 QTY. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.5 k Ohm ±1%. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY .21 k Ohm ±1%. 499 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 6 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 6 6 2 1 -19- . R57 R58 R59 R60 R61. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 182 k Ohm ±1%.R73. 2. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1. 1/4W Switch.7 k Ohm ±1%. 51. 100 k Ohm ±1%.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. Quad JFET-Input Operational Amplifier. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.. S120601H1. CMOS. 1/4W Resistor. 14-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. Contacts: SPST.5 k Ohm ±1%. 14-Pin DIP PART NO. 1.21 k Ohm ±1%. Double Shoulder Integrated Circuit. 121 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. DES. CD4066BE.5 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.919-0108 (Sheet 4 of 5) REF. 118 Ohm ±1%.1 Ohm ±1%. TLO74CN. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 121 Ohm ±1%. 47.26 k Ohm ±1%. 26. Illuminated.R62 R63 R64. 1/4W Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±1%.R74 R75. 121 Ohm ±1%. 1. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 121 Ohm ±1%. Quad Bilateral Switch. 47. 365 Ohm ±1%. 47. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.R65 R66 THRU R71 R72. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.U2 U3 DESCRIPTION Resistor. Turret.8 Meg Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 47.O. 267 Ohm ±5%.33 k Ohm ±1%. 499 Ohm ±1%. 1. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 121 Ohm ±1%. 1. 200 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 499 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. N. 1/4W Resistor. 604 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 51. 24V ac at 125 mA Nominal Terminal.21 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 26. 1.

16-Pin DIP U10 Integrated Circuit. 8-Pin DIP XU6 Socket. 16-Pin DIP U9 Integrated Circuit. TO-92 Case U18 Integrated Circuit. Adjustable Positive Voltage Regulator. 8-Pin DIP U6 Integrated Circuit. 14-Pin DIP XU7 Socket. Quad Bilateral Switch. 8-Pin DIP XU19 THRU Socket. 7 NPN Darlington Driver Pack. 1. 16-Pin DIP U13 Integrated Circuit. 16-Pin DIP U11 Integrated Circuit. CMOS. METERING CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 18-Pin DIP XR32 Socket.U5 DESCRIPTION PART NO. Timer. 1. 8-Pin DIP U19. Metering Circuit Board -20 - . LM317LZ.U20. LM3914N. Quad Exclusive OR Gate. CMOS. 16-Pin DIP XU12 XU13 Socket.U16 Integrated Circuit. MC14028BCP.2 to 37V @ 0. U4. Quad D-Type Register with Three State Outputs. 14-Pin DIP XU18 Socket. TO-220 Case U17 Integrated Circuit. 16-Pin DIP XU1 THRU Socket. MC14532B. CMOS U12 Integrated Circuit. 14-Pin DIP U14 Integrated Circuit. TO-220 Case U15.TABLE 6-1.2V to 37V. Resettable Monostable Multivibrator. MC14538B. 40-Pin DIP XU8 THRU Socket. 14-Pin DIP XU3 XU4.XU5 Socket. LM337T. 14-Pin DIP U7 Integrated Circuit. 1.2V to 37V. 1. 20-Pin In-line ---Blank. Adjustable Positive Voltage Regulator. CMOS. 221-4227 225-0004 220-7136 228-4538 228-4532 228-4076 228-4028 226-2004 228-4071 227-0317 227-0337 220-0317 229-0555 229-3914 417-1604 417-1404 417-0804 417-1404 417-4005 417-1604 417-1404 417-0804 417-1804 417-0172 519-0108 QTY. 18-Pin DIP XU21 ---Socket. CMOS.1 Ampere.5 Ampere. CD4066BE. NE555N. ICL7136CPL. 1. RC4227GNB. Monolithic Dual Operational Amplifier. MC14070B. 3 1/2 Digit LCD A/D Converter. CMOS IC. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 1 5 1 1 3 2 1 Integrated Circuit. DES.U21 Integrated Circuit. Dot/Bar Display Driver.919-0108 (Sheet 5 of 5) REF. CMOS. Adjustable Negative Voltage Regulator.5 Ampere. ULN2004. Dual Retriggerable. MC14076B. 8-Bit Priority Encoder. LM317T. BCD-to-Decimal Decoder. 40-Pin DIP U8 Integrated Circuit.

1-1 6-1 DESCRIPTION Electrical Characteristics Modulated Oscillator Assembly PAGE NO. 1 8 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO. 4 . 3-1 DESCRIPTION Simplified Schematic PAGE NO.MODULATED OSCILLATOR TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-5 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-4 3-7 3-9 3-11 3-14 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-6 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION VI 6-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Description Electrical Characteristics REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Introduction Removal and Installation Procedures Removal Procedure Required Equipment Procedure Installation Procedure THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Mechanical Assembly Electrical Description Modulator/Oscillator Buffers and Output Amplifier Power Supply MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Troubleshooting DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENTS PARTS Introduction 8 7 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 PAGE NO. LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS. frequency modulates the carrier. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER SPECIFICATION SIGNAL INPUTS MODULATION AND AFC VOLTAGE SIGNAL OUTPUTS RF AFC SAMPLE 1 mW at 50 Ohms. DESCRIPTION. The modulated oscillator assembly produces the carrier frequency. 1-4. 1-5. Refer to Table 1-1 for electrical characteristics relative to the modulated oscillator assem bly. and amplifies the modulated RF carrier to a level sufficient to drive the RF am plifier assembly. 35 mV p-p Nominal with 2. INTRODUCTION. 1-3.0V to 9. -1 - . 1-2. 1-6. TABLE 1-1.0V dc Dependent on the RF Center Frequency. Additional circuitry is interfaced to the AFC/PLL circuit board which op erates as a phase-locked loop to maintain the RF carrier center frequency. This section provides general information and specifications relative to the operation of the modulated oscillator assembly. 1 mW at 50 Ohms.SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1.

C. A. Remove the exciter top-cover. INTRODUCTION. A.SECTION II REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION 2-1. To install the modulated oscillator assembly after repairs have been completed. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. 2-3. 2-7. Follow the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in reverse order. 2-8. Disconnect P8 from the AFC/PLL circuit board. 2-2. 2-6.16 cm) blade is required to remove the modulated oscillator assembly from the exciter chassis. 2-5. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. D. A number 2 Phillips screwdriver with a 4 inch (10. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. B. B. Disconnect RF sample connector P6 and RF output connector P9 from the rear of the modulated oscillator assembly. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. Remove the ground straps. This section provides removal and installation procedures for the modulated oscillator as sembly. 2-4. Remove the four screws securing the modulated oscillator assembly to the steel mounting plate. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES. To remove the modulated oscillator assembly. -2 - . PROCEDURE. REMOVAL PROCEDURE.

3-10. and L5. 3-8. The modulation voltage applied to the diodes through L1/L6 varies the capacitance across the oscillator tank circuit to provide direct FM modulation. 3-3. In addition. Modulator/Oscillator B. Mechanical vibrations are reduced by a foam rubber pad be tween the steel plate and the chassis. C16. ELECTRICAL DESCRIPTION. and varactor diodes D1 through D8. A. The output of Q3 is applied to buffer/amplifier Q4 through C11. Varactor diodes D1 through D8 also operate as a linear FM modulator. 3-11. 3-5. 3-2. C2 provides positive feedback to sustain oscillation.SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION 3-1. Buffers and Output Amplifier C. Tuning is accom plished by the 2V to 9V (dependent upon the carrier frequency) potential applied to the varactor diodes from the AFC/PLL circuit board through L1/L6. The oscillator section is a modified Colpits configuration consisting of transistor Q2. Capacitor C3 prevents ground loops between the AFC/PLL circuit board ground and modulated oscillator assembly ground. capacitors C1 and C2. -3 - . The output of Q4 is applied to the base of output amplifier Q5 through a low-pass filter consisting of C15. MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY. BUFFERS AND OUTPUT AMPLIFIER. harmonic suppression. Figure 3-1 presents a simplified schematic diagram of the modulated oscillator circuit board. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION. The modulated oscillator circuit board is enclosed in a cast aluminum housing which is se cured to a heavy steel plate. 3-6. 3-4. Two identical signals are output from the modulated oscillator assembly. INTRODUCTION. Three RF stages provide isolation between the oscil lator and output load. The oscilla tor output amplitude is maintained at a constant level by limit diode D9/D10/D11. and a low output impedance. 3-13. inductors L3 and L2. The output of Q5 is routed through C18 to resistors R23 and R24 which establish a 50 Ohm output impedance. This section presents the theory of operation for the exciter modulated oscillator assembly. Power Supply 3-9. a foam rubber pad attached to the inside top-cover restricts movement of cir cuit board components to reduce mechanically introduced noise modulation and increase the frequency stability of the oscillator. 3-7. Refer to Figure 3-1 as required for a description of the following circuits. The increased mass of the assembly also lowers the mechanical resonance below the frequency of vibrations from external sources. MODULATOR/OSCILLATOR. 3-12. The modulated RF at Q2 is coupled to the base of buffer/amplifier Q3 through capacitor C8. The signal at R24 provides drive to the RF amplifier and the signal at R23 provides a frequency sample to the AFC/PLL circuit board.

-4 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. MODULATED OSCILLATOR SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM . INC 597-1050-15 FIGURE 3-1.

+20V dc is applied to the transistors on the modulated oscillator circuit board through transistor Q1. -5 - . POWER SUPPLY.3-14. Q1 operates as a capacitance multiplier for dc filter capacitor C4.

4-2. 4-3. 4-6. if diffi culties are encountered and the modulated oscillator is suspected as faulty. Therefore.SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. TROUBLESHOOTING. ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS. Field servicing the modulated oscillator assembly is not recommended. INTRODUCTION. 4-4. The modulated oscillator assembly contains no controls which require adjustment or cali bration. 4-5. return the as sembly to Broadcast Electronics Inc. This section provides maintenance and troubleshooting information for the exciter modu lated oscillator assembly. for repair or replacement. 4-7. MAINTENANCE. -6 - .

wiring diagrams. -7 - . TITLE MODULATED OSCILLATOR SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM MODULATED OSCILLATOR ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM MODULATED OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM NUMBER SC959-0203 AB959-0203 AB919-0106 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 5-3. and schematic diagrams as listed below the the modulated oscillator assembly. This section provides assembly drawings.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1. 5-2. INTRODUCTION.

Electrolytic. 35V Capacitor. 470 pF ±5%. Mica.919-0106 (Sheet 1 of 2) REF. MV209. 500V Capacitor. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components.J9 ---------- DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Ceramic Feed-Thru. 500V Ferrite Choke.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. 6-2. 2. assemblies.C18 C19. MODULATED OSCILLATOR ASSEMBLY . 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 TABLE 6-2. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 THRU C14 C15 C16 C17.C20 D1 DESCRIPTION PART NO. 33 pF ±5%. KV3201. 100V Capacitor. Modulated Oscillator Circuit Board Cable Assembly. 100V Capacitor. Voltage Variable Capacitance. Varactor. MODULATED OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT BOARD . 100 uF. 008-1020 009-4723 364-0002 417-0016 360-0003 919-0106 949-1050 QTY. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators appearing on the applicable schematic diagram. Ceramic Disc. C21 C22 L7 J6. 100V Capacitor. 2-11 pF Range. Single Section RF Receptacle. 3. 500V NPO Capacitor. 10 uF. INTRODUCTION. 50V Capacitor.959-0203 REF. 1000V Capacitor. DES. 180 MHz. 250V Capacitor. Electrolytic. Modulated Oscillator PART NO. Ceramic Disc. Mica. 500V Capacitor. 1000 pF ±20%. 470 pF ±5%. Ceramic Chip. Ceramic Chip.5 Turns. 200V Capacitor. 390 pF ±5%. Electrolytic. 100 uF. 390 pF ±5%. 12 pF ±5%. Mica. 500V Capacitor. DO-34 Case D2 THRU D4 Diode. 35V Capacitor. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 2 2 1 3 Capacitor. Mica. 5 pF ±5%. DES. 042-3312 040-1213 009-4723 023-1084 042-3922 023-1076 023-1084 042-3312 042-3922 001-5004 000-3302 042-3922 008-1033 205-3201 205-0109 QTY. 100 pF ±20%. 390 pF ±5%. Ceramic Feed-Thru. 0. Mica. Mica. 30V dc Maximum Reverse Voltage -8 - . BNC Ferrite Bead. 500V Diode. 33 pF ±5%.291 Dia Assembly. 50V dc Maximum Reverse Voltage. TITLE MODULATED OSCILLATOR ASSEMBLY MODULATED OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT BOARD CABLE ASSEMBLY.3 pF. MODULATED OSCILLATOR NUMBER 959-0203 919-0106 949-1050 PAGE 8 8 9 TABLE 6-1 6-2 6-3 TABLE 6-1. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the modulated oscillator assem bly. 26 pF to 32 pF Range.

205-3201 205-0109 201-2800 203-4005 413-1597 360-3300 610-0026 360-3300 364-0047 360-3300 211-0006 212-0310 211-5109 103-1021 103-3324 103-2213 103-1062 100-1031 100-1041 103-2673 103-1007 100-4561 103-1021 100-1031 100-1041 103-1021 103-2744 103-2213 103-1021 103-2213 100-1111 103-5112 519-0106 QTY.959-0106 (Sheet 2 of 2) REF.R14 Resistor. TO-92 Case Q4. 1 Meg Ohm ±1%.85 Ohms DC Resistance. NPN. MPS-A06.R24 Resistor.85 Ohms DC Resistance. 100 Ohm ±1%.85 Ohms DC Resistance. 51. KV3201. 1/4W R23. 0. 3. 10 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W R21 Resistor. 600V @ 1 Ampere E1 THRU E6 Terminal. 221 Ohm ±1%. D5 DESCRIPTION PART NO. DES. Silicon.949-1050 REF. 50V dc Maximum Reverse Voltage. Schottky Barrier Type. 0. 500 mA Maximum L6 RF Choke.3 uH ±10%. NPN. Varactor. 221 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W ---Blank Modulated Oscillator Circuit Board TABLE 6-3. 1/4W R22 Resistor. 10 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W R16 Resistor. 118 Ohm ±1%.4W R7 Resistor.L5 RF Choke. 1.47 uH. 0. 1/4W R12 Resistor. 1/4W R11 Resistor. 1/4W R9 Resistor. 1 3 3 1 6 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 Diode. 453 k Ohm ±1%. 2N5109. 417-0165 417-8766 QTY. MODULATED OSCILLATOR . 2-11 pF Range. DES. 3. 26 pF to 32 pF Range. J3100. 267 Ohm ±1%. RF. Voltage Variable Capacitance.3 uH ±10%. 1/4W R4 Resistor. 10 Ohm ±1%. 1 4 -9 - . 1/4W R20 Resistor. High Voltage. 1/4W R17. N-Channel. 10 Ohm ±1%. 100 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W R3 Resistor. Turret. P8 ---- DESCRIPTION Connector. MV209.1 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W R5 Resistor.TABLE 6-1. 30V dc Maximum Reverse Voltage D9 THRU D11 Diode. Crimp Type PART NO. 1/4W R15 Resistor. 380 mA Maximum Q1 Transistor. 2. 1/4W R10 Resistor. TO-92 Case R1 Resistor.R18. 15 mA D12 Diode. 380 mA Maximum L2 Coaxial Cable Sections: 50 Ohm rigid coaxial cable matching section L3 RF Choke. 221 Ohm ±1%.32 k Ohm ±1%. 0. 1N4005. 1 k Ohm ±1%. Housing. CABLE ASSEMBLY. 3. 100 k Ohm ±1%. 5-Pin In-line Pins. DO-34 Case D6 THRU D8 Diode. 3. Double Shoulder L1 RF Choke.Q3 Field Effect Transistor. 1/4W R13. HP5082-2800.Q5 Transistor. 1/4W R6 Resistor.74 k Ohm ±1%.3 uH ±10%. 1/4W R8 Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±1%. 380 mA Maximum L4. RF. 70V. TO-92 Case Q2. MODULATED OSCILLATOR ASSEMBLY .R19 Resistor.

AFC/PLL ASSEMBLY TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-7 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-8 3-10 3-13 3-18 3-20 3-21 3-24 3-25 3-26 3-27 3-29 3-30 3-35 3-36 3-39 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-6 4-7 4-9 4-11 4-13 4-15 4-17 4-19 4-22 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Description Electrical Characteristics REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Introduction Removal and Installation Procedures Removal Procedure Required Equipment Procedure Installation Procedure THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Reference Divider Circuit Reference Oscillator Activity Monitor RF Sample Divider Circuit Comparator Circuit Loop Filter Control Circuit Active Filter Lock Driver Dual Rate Loop Driver Loop Lock Response Lock Up VCO Activity Monitor Audio Processing Circuits Balanced Inputs Unbalanced Inputs Premodulation Control Circuit Voltage Regulator Circuits MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Required Equipment BAL MONO (R91) BAL COMP (R81) UNBAL COMP (R69) Modulation Correction (R63) Modulation Calibration (R52) REF OSC FREQ TRIM Frequency Selection Low-Pass Filter 9 9 9 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 13 14 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 PAGE NO. .

1 15 21 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO.PARAGRAPH 4-23 4-25 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION VI 6-1 Pre-Emphasis Selection Troubleshooting DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENT PARTS Introduction PAGE NO. 3-1 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 TITLE AFC/PLL Circuit Board Simplified Schematic AFC/PLL Circuit Board Controls and Indicators Frequency Selection No RF Output-Lock is Extinguished No Modulation. 5 10 14 17 18 . Lock Indicator Illuminated PAGE NO. 14 16 19 21 LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO. 1-1 4-1 6-1 TITLE Electrical Characteristics Frequency Synthesizer Programming AFC/PLL Circuit Board Assembly PAGE NO.

0V dc.24V RMS) for 10% Injection. 6. If the carrier is off frequency (as when power is applied). Nominal for +/. +10 dBm at 600 Ohm for 100% Modulation. 1-2. 3. TABLE 1-1. Dependent Upon RF Center 35 mV p-p. the AFC/PLL circuitry will mute the RF output until the carrier is locked in-phase with the reference frequency. DESCRIPTION. 1-6. This section provides general information and specifications relative to the operation of the automatic frequency control/phase-locked-loop (AFC/PLL) circuit board.5V p-p (1. +2. 1-8. and precorrects audio input signals to provide a linear response when applied to the modulated oscillator.24V RMS) for 100% Modulation. and 2) processes the audio for modulation. 1-3. AFC (Metering) Frequency.SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1. Refer to Table 1-1 for electrical characteristics relative to the AFC/PLL circuit board. A sample of the modulated oscillator output frequency is compared to a precision reference frequency in a comparator circuit which generates a correction voltage. 1-4. The AFC/PLL circuit board: 1) synthesizes and maintains the desired carrier frequency to a high degree of precision. sums.5V p-p (1.0V p-p at 1 k Ohm. This correction voltage is applied to the modulated oscillator to maintain the stability of the carrier frequency.0V p-p at 1 k Ohm.75 kHz Deviation. INTRODUCTION. 3. Open Collector Output. A dual speed PLL filter ensures rapid stabilization of the carrier frequency. AFC INTERLOCK EXTERNAL LOCK INDICATOR COMPOSITE AUDIO (Metering) COMPOSITE TEST Open Collector Output.0V dc. -1 - . +2. 1-7. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS.0V dc to +9. 1-5. Dependent Upon RF Center 1 mW at 50 Ohms. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER SPECIFICATIONS INPUTS: RF SAMPLE BALANCED AUDIO COMPOSITE AUDIO SCA AUDIO OUTPUTS: MODULATION AFC Frequency. 6. the AFC/PLL circuit board accepts.0V dc to +9. In addition.

Remove the cover and the ground straps. -2 - . Disconnect J1. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE.16 cm) blade is required to remove the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly from the exciter chassis. C. J2. A. Remove the exciter top-cover. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. B. D. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. 2-6. 2-8. Disconnect RF sample BNC connector P6 from the output of the modulated oscillator assembly. PROCEDURE. Remove the four screws securing the AFC/PLL cover to the circuit board. The removal of the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly requires the unit be placed on a suitable work surface. Remove the four screws securing the AFC/PLL circuit board to the exciter chassis and remove the circuit board. and J8 from the AFC/PLL circuit board. 2-2. 2-5. A number 2 Phillips screwdriver with a 4 inch (10. REMOVAL PROCEDURE. 2-4. Follow the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in reverse order. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter.SECTION II REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION 2-1. B. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. To remove the circuit board. 2-7. INTRODUCTION. 2-3. E. A. To install the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly after repairs have been completed. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. This section provides removal and installation procedures for the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly.

U8 will divide the sample frequency by 20 and output a digital signal to U9. Refer to Figure 3-1 as required for a description of the following circuits. 3-11. Figure 3-1 presents a simplified sche matic of the AFC/PLL circuit board. VCO Activity Monitor G. The 2 MHz signal from U1B is input to divide-by-two counter U1A to produce 1 MHz. 3-6. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION. Loop Filter Control Circuit F. 3-3. and inductor L3 which eliminates any harmonics. Reference Divider Circuit B. A. A 10 MHz signal from crystal oscillator Y1 is input to divide-by-five counter U1B to produce 2 MHz. Pre-modulation Control Circuit I. 3-8. When the 4 kHz signal is present. Comparator Circuit E. Audio Processing Circuits H. This divider circuit provides an accurate and stable reference frequency for input to a com parator circuit. The 4 kHz signal at the QA output of U5 is applied to programmable fre quency synthesizer and comparator U9. The sinusoidal output signal from the low-pass filter is applied to the input of counter U8. An RF sample from the modulated oscillator is input to transformer T1 to reduce ground loop interference. 3-9. REFERENCE DIVIDER CIRCUIT. 3-10. -3 - . This section presents the theory of operation for the exciter AFC/PLL circuit board. C16. This circuit provides a visual indication of the reference divider circuit output. 3-4. The AFC/PLL circuit board contains nine circuits. INTRODUCTION. This divider circuit provides an RF sample frequency for input to the comparator circuit. Reference Oscillator Activity Monitor C. RF SAMPLE DIVIDER CIRCUIT. 3-2. RF Sample Divider Circuit D. 3-7. The output of T1 is coupled to a low-pass filter consisting of capacitors C15. the QB output of U5 will go HIGH which biases LED driver transis tor Q1 ON to illuminate indicator DS2. 3-12. and U4A further divide the 1 MHz signal by 250 to provide 4 kHz to one shot U5.SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION 3-1. Voltage Regulator Circuits 3-5. Logic circuits U2. U3. These two frequencies are available at TP1 through pro grammable jumper J3. REFERENCE OSCILLATOR ACTIVITY MONITOR.

If an unlocked condition exists. If an error exists. R40. and LDR3 in the active filter circuit to increase loop lock response. 3-14. Logic circuit U9 is a pro grammable frequency synthesizer and comparator which will internally divide the 4 kHz signal at the OSC input to provide a frequency of 500 Hz. the output will pulse LOW. The circuit forces the output of U13B HIGH which enables light dependent resistors LDR1. 3-20. 2) bias transistor switch Q3/Q4 ON to remove the RF inhibit from the rear-panel terminal strip. The pulses are applied to U11B. This circuit compares the signals from both the reference divider and RF sample divider circuits and generates an error signal when a difference exists. and loop filter buffer U11A. output FV will vary above or below 500 Hz. diode D2. resistors R25 through R27. The output of U11B is applied to the metering circuit board for display.5V to provide a voltage gain of 11 for any differential voltage within the range of the bias. If the carrier leads or is greater than the reference frequency. 3-16. U9 will divide the RF sample signal at the F input to provide 500 Hz at the FV output which is applied to one shot U12. LOOP FILTER CONTROL CIRCUIT. This HIGH will: 1) illuminate front-panel LOCK indicator DS5. 3-17.5 volts. R43. When binary switches S1. The filter removes the reference frequency component to provide a dc auto matic frequency control (AFC) voltage to the modulated oscillator through resistor R31. 3-21. the PD out put of U9 will be steady state at approximately +2. The output of lock/unlock sensor U4B normally applies a HIGH through resistor R39 to lock driver U13A for a locked-loop condition. 3-23. With the signal from the FV output of U9. When the carrier frequency and reference frequency are equal and in phase. 3-19. COMPARATOR CIRCUIT. These output pulses will vary in width directly in proportion to the degree of phase error. the output of U13A will go LOW to extinguish the lock indicator. inhibit the RF. ACTIVE FILTER. This signal and the 500 Hz from the reference division are internally compared for phase and frequency variations. the potential on C42 will maintain U13A output HIGH. and S3 are preset for the appropriate carrier frequency. LOCK DRIVER. 3-24. This circuit is identical in operation to the slow charge/rapid discharge circuit previously described. the LD output of U9 will be a logic HIGH for a locked condition. The output of U11B is also applied to an active third-order 5 Hz low-pass filter consisting of capacitors C29 through C31. S2. -4 - . If the carrier lags or is less than the reference frequency. and ac tivate a dual rate loop driver. As long as the output of U4B is HIGH. C44. disable the AFC relay. and 3) en able the AFC relay. the QA output of one shot U12 will provide a clock pulse to U4B which leads or lags the signal at the D input depend ing on the phase error direction. LDR2. DUAL RATE LOOP DRIVER. the output will pulse HIGH. This output is applied to the D input of lock/ unlock sensor U4B. The LOW output from U13A is routed to a dual rate control network consisting of R42. U13A is activated by a slow charge/rapid discharge circuit consisting of resistors R39.3-13. The loop filter control circuit increases/decreases the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) center frequency to maintain accuracy. 3-22. and capacitor C42. Normally. If an unlock condition exists. and D3. the output of U4B will go LOW which rapidly discharges C42 through D2 and R40 and applies a LOW to U13A. U10B biases integrator/amplifier U11B at 2. 3-15. the output will pulse LOW. When this occurs. 3-18.

COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-16 FIGURE 3-1. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC -5-/-6- .

The output of U15A is routed to summing amplifier U10A through balanced composite level control R81. Increased loop lock response is accomplished by LDR1. The output of this network is routed to the modulated oscillator through coupling capacitor C37 and modulation calibration control R52. LDR2. When programmable jumper J4 is installed. Monophonic Circuit. 3-33. -7 - . Composite Circuit. LOOP LOCK RESPONSE. and SUB3 and audio from front-panel composite test connector are input to U10A through summing resistors R64 through R67. 3-32. Subcarrier audio from rear-panel connectors SUB1. Audio for the composite cir cuit is input through a rear-panel BNC connector. Audio from the rear-panel unbalanced composite connector is also input to U10A through unbalanced composite level control R69. 3-28. The output of U10A is routed to the front-panel composite test connector. The outputs of U16A and U16B are routed to differential amplifier U15B. If any component within the RF sample divider circuit or modulated oscillator circuit fails. UNBALANCED INPUTS. resistor R74 is connected across the input circuit to convert the impedance from 10 k Ohms to 50 Ohms. Pre-emphasis is selected by programmable jumpers J5A and J5B which connect capacitor(s) C62 and/or C63 into the circuit through resistor R37.3-25. 3-36. BALANCED INPUTS. 3-35. The output of U15B is routed to summing ampli fier U10A through balanced monophonic level control R91. 3-34. the QB output of U12 will go HIGH which biases LED driver transistor Q2 ON to illuminate indicator DS3. Modulation coupling capacitor C37 will be rapidly charged through LDR3. the metering circuit board. 3-26. A balanced composite audio input circuit and a balanced mono phonic audio input circuit are provided by the FX-50 exciter. the output of U4B will return HIGH which changes the output state of U13A and U13B. 3-31. LDR1 will shunt the 5 Hz lowpass filter and route the output from U11B directly to U11A. 3-27. Diodes D8 through D11 limit the audio input level. Audio from the rear-panel is ac coupled through capacitors in the RFI assembly to balanced input amplifiers U16A and U16B. This circuit indirectly provides a visual indication of output from the RF sample divider circuit via the FV output of U9. Audio signals from the balanced and unbalanced input circuits are summed at the input of summing amplifier U10A. The duration between the unlock and lock conditions is less than 5 seconds. Audio from the rear-panel is ac coupled to balanced input amplifiers U14A and U14B through capaci tors C49/C50 and C52/C53. 3-29. LOCK UP When the operating frequency and phase output of the modulated oscillator are . 3-37. AUDIO PROCESSING CIRCUITS. 3-38. Audio for the monophonic circuit is in put through rear-panel barrier strip TB1. Diodes D12 through D15 op erate to limit the audio input level. 3-30. VCO ACTIVITY MONITOR. LDR2 will shunt resistor R31 to rapidly charge capacitor C35 through resistor R34. SUB2. PREMODULATION CONTROL CIRCUIT. and LDR3. The voltage gain for U15B is selected by a gain select network consisting of resistor pack R96 and a resistor connected between tie points E1 and E2. The outputs of U14A and U14B are routed to differential amplifier U15A. and a precorrection network through modulation cor rection control R63. sufficiently adjusted by the AFC control voltage. When the 500 Hz signal is present. indicator DS3 will extinguish and the QB output of U12 will issue a reset pulse to U4B which inhibits the RF. The audio precorrection network consisting of resistors R53 through R62 and diodes D4 through D7 adjusts the base band signal to compensate for varactor non-linearity in the modulated oscillator. When enabled during an unlocked condition.

-20 volts is applied to regulator circuit U18 to provide an output poten tial of -15V to the circuit board and indicator DS5.3-39. +15 volts is applied to regulator circuit U6 to provide a +5 V/B operating potential at the output. +20 volts is applied to regulator circuit U17 to provide an output potential of +15V to the circuit board and indicator DS4. 3-41. 3-40. The output illuminates indicator DS1 and provides a +5V/A operating potential. C13. In addition. VOLTAGE REGULATOR CIRCUITS. +5 volts is applied to a filter circuit consisting of capacitors C12. and in ductor L1. The AFC/PLL circuit board contains three voltage regulator circuits. -8 - .

This section provides maintenance information. G. Calibrated oscilloscope. 4-5. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. Fluke 75 or equivalent. 4-2. Figure 4-1 presents the AFC/PLL circuit board controls and indicators with the cover re moved. D. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the AUDIO INPUT terminals on rear-panel barrier strip TB1. F. electrical adjustment procedures. The following tools and equipment are required for electrical adjustment procedures. Connect a digital voltmeter to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT receptacle. MAINTENANCE. Bird 8343-200 or equivalent. 4-6. and troubleshooting information for the exciter AFC/PLL circuit board. Insulated adjustment tool. 4-7. The following electrical adjustment procedures do not require the cover to be re moved.SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. -9 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . The BAL MONO level control on the AFC/PLL circuit board adjusts the output level of the balanced monophonic amplifier circuit. Digital voltmeter. Calibrated frequency counter. B. 4-3. 4-4. INTRODUCTION. Sound Technology 1710A or equivalent. BAL MONO control R91 is adjusted as follows. Belar FMM-2 or equivalent. B. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. High linearity FM demodulator. 20 dB power attenuator. Disconnect the exciter primary power. A. C. BAL MONO (R91). Procedure. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and pro ceed as follows: 4-8. C. A. E. To adjust BAL MONO control R91. shipped with the exciter (P/N 407-0038). HP-5315B or equivalent. Low distortion audio generator and distortion analyzer. ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS.

To adjust BAL COMP control R81. -10 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING .12V RMS.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. Disconnect the primary power.45V RMS) output. With an insulated adjustment tool. The BAL COMP level control on the AFC/PLL circuit board adjusts the output level of the balanced composite amplifier circuit. BAL COMP (R81). AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS AND INDICATORS WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. adjust R91 until the voltmeter indicates 2. remove all test equipment. and replace the top-cover. Procedure. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at +10 dBm (2. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and pro ceed as follows: 4-10. 4-9. F. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. G. BAL COMP control R81 is adjusted as follows. D. E. INC 597-1050-17 FIGURE 4-1.

Apply primary power and operate the exciter. and replace the topcover. With an insulated adjustment tool. G. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows: 4-12. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at 1. Connect a digital voltmeter to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT receptacle. B. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at 1. and replace the top-cover. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. remove all test equipment. 4-11.24V RMS output. Disconnect the primary power. remove all test equipment. F. The UNBAL COMP level control on the AFC/PLL circuit board adjusts the output level of the unbalanced composite amplifier circuit.12V RMS. Connect a digital voltmeter to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT receptacle. Disconnect the exciter primary power. E. Disconnect the exciter primary power. D. UNBAL COMP (R69). B. Procedure. adjust R69 until the voltmeter indicates 2.12V RMS. E. With an insulated adjustment tool. C.24V RMS output. UNBAL COMP control R69 is adjusted as follows. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the rear-panel UNBAL COMPOSITE INPUT receptacle. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. C. -11WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . A. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. Disconnect the primary power.WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the rear-panel BAL COMPOSITE INPUT receptacle. D. adjust R81 until the voltmeter indicates 2. G. To adjust UNBAL COMP control R69. A. F.

Connect a digital voltmeter to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT receptacle. E. Perform the BAL MONO (R91). WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. Procedure. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at 2. D. MODULATION CALIBRATION control R52 is adjusted as follows. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the front-panel COMPOSITE IN receptacle. and the UNBAL COMP (R69) adjustment procedures. Remove the top-cover and connect an audio generator to the front-panel COMPOSITE IN receptacle. Connect a digital voltmeter to the front-panel COMPOSITE OUT receptacle.4-13. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. The MODULATION CORRECTION control on the AFC/PLL circuit board corrects the audio signal prior to application to the modulated oscillator assembly. MODULATION CALIBRATION (R52). refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows: 4-14. F. Procedure. With an insulated adjustment tool. To adjust MODULATION CALIBRATION control R52. The MODULATION CALIBRATION control on the AFC/PLL circuit board adjusts the exciter percentage of modulation. Disconnect the exciter primary power. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. A. Connect an FM demodulator to the exciter RF OUTPUT receptacle through a 20 dB attenuator and a distortion analyzer to the output of the demodulator. Disconnect the exciter primary power. remove all test equipment. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. D. C. -12 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . C. G. MODULATION CORRECTION (R63). B. Disconnect the primary power. 4-16. 4-15. B. and replace the topcover. adjust R63 for minimum THD as indicated on the distortion analyzer. MODULATION CORRECTION control R63 is adjusted as follows. To adjust MODULATION CORRECTION control R63.12V RMS output as indicated on the voltmeter. Connect an FM demodulator to the exciter RF OUTPUT receptacle through a 20 dB attenuator. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows: A. BAL COMP (R81).

F. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED.12V RMS output as indicated on the voltmeter. FREQUENCY SELECTION. The REF OSC FREQ TRIM control is adjusted as fol lows. . With an insulated adjustment tool. Adjust the audio generator for 400 Hz at 2. D. A. Disconnect the primary power. -13WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING 4-20. With an insulated adjustment tool. The position of each switch corresponds to a weighted binary number (refer to Table 4-1). adjust R52 for 100% modulation as indicated on the modulation monitor. S2. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. Procedure. Table 4-1 lists standard carrier frequencies and corresponding switch binary codes for do mestic and European operation. S2.WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. S1. The exciter carrier frequency is established by programmable frequency synthesizer switches S1. REF OSC FREQ TRIM. 4-17. To adjust the REF OSC FREQ TRIM control. Remove the exciter top-cover and connect a frequency counter to TP1 on the AFC/ PLL circuit board. remove all test equipment. A 1" in the code represents a switch in the ON position and a 0" represents a switch in the OFF position. E. remove all test equipment. The REF OSC FREQ TRIM control on the AFC/PLL circuit board adjusts the reference frequency. Disconnect the exciter primary power. 4-19. adjust the REF OSC FREQ TRIM control until the frequency counter indicates 10 MHz ±5 Hz or 2 MHz ±1 Hz depending on programmable jumper J3. G. E. Disconnect the primary power. and S3 on the AFC/PLL circuit board assembly (re fer to Figure 4-2). and replace the topcover. C. and replace the topcover. H. B. 4-18. and S3 are programmed as fol lows. Apply primary power and operate the exciter. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING.

Procedure. B. Due to critical tuning parameters. The exciter is normally shipped with 75 mi crosecond pre-emphasis. 4-22. To change the exciter carrier frequency. D. Procedure. INC 597-1050-18 FIGURE 4-2. Programmable jumpers P5A and P5B on the AFC/PLL cir cuit board establish the exciter pre-emphasis. LOW-PASS FILTER. field adjustment is not recommended. 4-23. Remove the exciter top-cover. Refer to Table 4-1 and select the desired frequency and corresponding binary code. If required. To select an alternate pre-emphasis. Disconnect the exciter primary power. refer to Figure 4-1 as required and pro ceed as follows: 4-24. and S3 for the desired frequency. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. FREQUENCY SELECTION 4-21. If adjustment is necessary. -14 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . C. contact Broadcast Electronics field service for assistance.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. Replace the top-cover and return the exciter to service. Refer to Figure 4-2 and program four-segment switches S1. A. S2. PRE-EMPHASIS SELECTION. An optional low-pass filter can be installed on the FX-50/E exciter rear-panel for stand-alone operation. proceed as follows.an alternate pre-emphasis can be selected as follows.

INC 597-1050-19 TABLE 4-1. FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZER PROGRAMMING .WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -15COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

WARNING WARNING CAUTION CAUTION 4-27. DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EXCITER BEFORE REMOVING OR REPLACING ANY COMPO NENTS. P5A Install Remove Install P5B Install Install Remove TROUBLESHOOTING. for repair or replacement. refer to the schematic dia grams and the theory of operation to assist in problem resolution. Refer to the following information and program P5A and P5B as required. -16 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . 4-25. C. The problem may be further isolated by referencing the following information and Figures 4-3 and 4-4 which present troubleshooting information. Remove the exciter top-panel. PRE-EMPHASIS 75 us 50 us 25 us D. The defective circuitry may be repaired locally or the circuit board may be returned to Broadcast Electronics.WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. B. After the problem is isolated and power is totally deenergized. A. Replace the exciter top-panel. 4-26. The troubleshooting philosophy for the AFC/PLL circuit board consists of isolating a prob lem to a specific circuit. Disconnect the exciter primary power. INADVERTENT CONTACT BETWEEN ADJACENT COMPONENTS AND CIRCUIT TRACES MAY DAMAGE THE AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD. Inc.

INC 597-1050-21 FIGURE 4-3.WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -17COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. NO RF OUTPUT-LOCK IS EXTINGUISHED .

WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -18 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. NO MODULATION. INC 597-1050-22 FIGURE 4-4. LOCK INDICATOR ILLUMINATED .

wiring diagrams. 5-2. TITLE AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LOCATOR NUMBER SD919-0104 AD919-0104 597-1050-70 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 5-3 -19- . This section provides assembly drawings. and schematic diagrams as listed below for the AFC/PLL circuit board. INTRODUCTION.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1.

01 uF ±10%. Monolythic Ceramic. 0. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 THRU C8 C9 C10 C11 C12. 0. INTRODUCTION. Mylar. 4. 0. 50V Capacitor. Non-Polarized Capacitor. 100V Capacitor.022 uF ±10%. 0.01 uF ±10%. 33 uF. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components. 0.C13 C14 C15. Monolythic Ceramic. 50V.1 uF ±20%. 100 uF. 50V Capacitor.C16 C17 THRU C20 C21 C22.1 uF ±20%.1 uF ±20%. 003-1054 042-3922 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 031-1043 003-1054 031-1043 003-1054 023-1084 001-5004 042-3922 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 023-1084 031-2243 003-1054 024-4764 024-1064 024-3364 030-1053 003-1054 030-2253 020-4793 042-3922 024-3374 030-2253 QTY. 1 uF.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. 3. 0. 50V Capacitor. 0. Mylar. 50V Capacitor. 100 uF. 390 pF ±5%. Monolythic Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. 50V Capacitor. Ceramic. DES. 0. Electrolytic.7 uF.1 uF ±20%. 100V Capacitor. 4700 uF.1 uF ±10%. 0. 100V Capacitor.22 uF ±10%. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the AFC/PLL circuit board. Monolythic Ceramic. 0.1 uF ±20%. Electrolytic. Monolythic Ceramic. 35V Capacitor. Mylar Film. 50V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 100V Capacitor. 0. Mylar.C23 C24 C25 C26 C27 C28 C29 C30 C31 C32. 50V Capacitor. 16V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. Monolythic Ceramic. 500V. Monolythic Ceramic. 100 uF. Monolythic Ceramic. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators appearing on the appli cable schematic diagram. NPO Capacitor. 35V Capacitor. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 0. 100 uF.1 uF ±20%. 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 2 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 -21- . 0. 5 pF ±5%. 50V Capacitor. Mica. Electrolytic. Electrolytic. TITLE AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY CABLE HARNESS. Mylar.C33 C34 C35 C36 C37 C38 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. 6-2. 100V Capacitor.22 uF ±10%. Monolythic Ceramic. 100V Capacitor. 0. 35V Capacitor. AFC/PLL ASSEMBLY NUMBER 919-0104 919-0104 PAGE 21 25 TABLE 6-1 6-2 TABLE 6-1. 50V Capacitor. Mica. 390 pF ±5%. 390 pF ±5%. 35V Capacitor.919-0104 (Sheet 1 of 5) REF. 0.1 uF ±20%. Mylar. 35V Capacitor. Electrolytic. Electrolytic.3 uF. Electrolytic. Electrolytic. assemblies. 35V Capacitor. 100V Capacitor. Mica. 100V Capacitor. 100V PART NO.

0. Electrolytic. 9. Monolythic Ceramic. 35V Capacitor. J3 J4 J5. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. 003-1054 031-1043 003-1054 023-1076 003-1054 038-4753 040-2422 030-2253 023-1084 003-1054 023-1084 030-2253 003-1054 001-5004 003-1054 000-3302 003-1054 042-2531 042-5031 003-1054 042-3312 003-1054 042-3312 023-1076 023-1084 023-1076 023-1084 023-1076 203-4148 203-4005 200-0009 203-4005 200-0009 323-9224 413-1597 417-0200 417-4004 417-0003 417-0200 360-2200 364-0047 323-7345 QTY. 1N4739A. 33 pF ±5%. 0. 20-Pin In-Line RF Choke. Silicon. 550 mA Maximum RF Choke.TABLE 6-1. Monolythic Ceramic. 0. 1W Indicator. 3-Pin In-Line Receptacle. Polyester. Programmable. 0. 1N4005.22 uF ±10%. 500 mA Maximum Optical Isolator. 1/4W 340-0004 340-0004 211-3904 100-1023 100-3333 2 2 4 1 1 -22 - . 0.1 uF ±20%. 5 pF ±5%. Ceramic Disc.C47 C48 C49. 0. J8 L1. Mylar. Monolythic Ceramic. 100V Capacitor.C50 C51 C52. 500V. 0. LDR/LED Type On Resistance: 500 Ohms Off Resistance: 1 Meg Ohm Cell Voltage: 200V Maximum Cell Current: 10 to 40 mA P3. 50V Capacitor.P5B Jumper.47 uH. 1N4005. 35V Capacitor. 10 uF. 2-Pin Q1 THRU Q4 Transistor. 500V Capacitor.E2 J1. 50V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 75V @ 0. 500V Capacitor.1V ±5%. 50V Capacitor. Male. Monolythic Ceramic. 100 uF.01 uF ±10%.C61 C62 C63 C64 C65 C66 C67 C68 C69 C70 C71 C72. 50V Capacitor. 2500 pF ±1%. 3. Silicon.47 uF ±10%. 0. Mica. 2-Pin In-Line Receptacle. 100 uF. DES. Monolythic Ceramic. 1000V Capacitor. 0.L2 L3 LDR1 THRU LDR3 DESCRIPTION Capacitor.C53 C54 C55 C56. NPN.2 uH ±10%.1V ±5%. 50V Capacitor. VTL5C2. Electrolytic. 10 uF. 20-Pin In-Line Receptacle. 5000 pF ±1%. Silicon. Silicon. Zener. Monolythic Ceramic. 330 Ohm ±5%. 35V Capacitor. 500V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. 35V Capacitor. 100 uF.1 uF ±20%. Mica. 1N4148. Turret. 9. Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. Mica.1 uF ±20%. 35V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 50V Capacitor. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode. Male. 0. Electrolytic.919-0104 (Sheet 2 of 5) REF. Male. 500V Capacitor. 3V @ 40 mA Maximum PART NO. 35V Diode. Mica. TO-92 Case R1 Resistor. 100V Capacitor. C39 C40 C41 C42 C43 C44 C45. 50V Capacitor. 1/4W R2 Resistor.3 Amperes Diode. 0. LED.C57 C58 C59 C60. 100 uF. 0. 35V Capacitor. 100V Capacitor. 240 pF.C73 D1 THRU D7 D16 D17 D18 D19 DS1 THRU DS5 E1. 35V Capacitor. 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 7 1 1 1 1 5 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 3 Terminal. 10 uF. 100V Capacitor. 0. Programmable.P4 Jumper. Mica. 10 uF. Electrolytic.C46. 2-Pin P5A. Double Shoulder Receptacle.4 Ohms DC Resistance. 0. Mylar. J2. 521-9175. Green. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . Male. 50V Capacitor.22 uF ±10%. 50V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. Mylar. 2. 1W Diode.1 uF ±20%. 500V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. 33 pF ±5%. Zener. 1N4739A. 10 Ohm ±5%. Electrolytic. Electrolytic. 0. Electrolytic. NPO Capacitor. 2N3904. Monolythic Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. Monolythic Ceramic.3 pF.

1/4W Resistor. 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -23- . 12 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 820 k Ohm ±5%. 270 Ohm ±5%.R26. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.6 k Ohm ±5%. 510 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W PART NO. 15 k Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1.R47. 39 k Ohm ±5%. 5. 51 Ohm ±5%.919-0104 (Sheet 3 of 5) REF. 47 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor.R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15. 470 Ohm ±5%.5 k Ohm ±5%. 121 Ohm ±5%. 82 k Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 220 Ohm ±5%. 4. 6. 1/4W Resistor. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1/4W Resistor. 120 Ohm ±5%. R3 R4.2 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.7 Meg Ohm ±5%. 365 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 50 k Ohm ±10%. 1 k Ohm ±5%.3 k Ohm ±5%. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.TABLE 6-1. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 51 k Ohm ±5%. 4. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 560 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 100 Ohm ±5%.R30 R31 R32 R33 R34 R35 R36 R37 R38 R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46. 27 Ohm ±5%. 100-5123 100-3343 100-1053 100-2733 100-3333 100-3953 100-1043 100-1253 100-5153 100-1053 100-2733 100-1053 100-1063 100-5663 103-3631 100-1231 100-1033 100-1043 100-1053 100-1553 100-1543 100-5041 100-4753 100-1233 100-2233 100-2723 100-8253 100-5153 100-1053 100-2733 100-3963 100-1043 100-5643 100-1043 100-4773 100-1043 100-4733 100-1053 100-5133 100-1053 100-1553 177-5054 100-4363 100-6243 100-7533 100-8263 QTY. 1/4W Resistor. 270 Ohm ±5%. 330 Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/2W Resistor.R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25. 1/4W Resistor.99 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Potentiometer.R48 R49 R50 R51 R52 R53 R54 R55 R56 DESCRIPTION Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. DES. 390 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 3. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.R16 R17. 51 k Ohm ±5%. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 15 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 750 Ohm ±5%. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 270 Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 430 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor.R27 R28 R29.

6.R94 Resistor.R78. 0.5% Resistors. Test.4 k Ohm ±1%. Circuit Board Mount TP2.R85 Resistor. Divide-by-10 Counter. 14-Pin DIP U4 Integrated Circuit. 1/4W R87 Resistor. 1 k Ohm ±5%.2 k Ohm ±5%. CMOS MSI. 1/4W R80 Resistor. 4. 1/4W R84. 1/2W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/2W Resistor.919-0104 (Sheet 4 of 5) REF. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1 Meg Ohm ±5%. 1/4W R81 Potentiometer. CMOS.R72 R73 DESCRIPTION PART NO.R66 R67 R68 R69 R70. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W R103 Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±1%. MC14073B.TABLE 6-1. 1/4W Resistor Network. 16-Pin DIP R74 Resistor. 4. 1/4W R89 Resistor. 5 k Ohm ±10%. 10-10 k Ohm 0. 1/4W R86 Resistor. R57 R58 R59 R60 R61 R62 R63 R64. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W R99 Resistor.R79 Resistor. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY .7W Total Dissipation. 5 k Ohm ±10%. Dual D-Type Flip-Flop. 1 k Ohm ±10%. 17.TP3. 1/4W R91 Potentiometer. CMOS.7W Total Dissipation.5 k Ohm ±5%. Triple 3-Input AND Gate. 300 Ohm ±5%. Double Shoulder U1 Integrated Circuit. 8-Pin DIP T1 Wideband RF Transformer. SN74LS90N. 14-Pin DIP -24 - . Impedance Ratio 4:1 Primary Impedance: 50/75 Ohms Secondary Impedance: 200/300 Ohms TP1 Jack. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. SPST. 4 Position.TP4 Terminal.99 k Ohm ±1%. 121 Ohm ±5%. 0. 1. 470 Ohm ±5%. 51 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 270 Ohm ±5%. 18 k Ohm ±5%. 1/2W R82 Resistor.5% Resistors. 1/4W R75. 1/4W R90 Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 10-10 k Ohm 0. 12-Bit Binary Counter. 100-3033 100-7563 100-1833 100-6263 100-4733 100-6243 175-1034 103-1062 100-1051 100-7543 177-5044 100-1073 226-0392 100-5123 100-1053 100-1073 100-7543 177-5044 103-1745 100-3043 100-1043 100-1073 100-6233 100-5041 100-1073 100-5041 177-5044 100-1853 100-2733 100-1053 226-0392 100-1231 103-1331 100-1231 103-1331 100-1053 340-0002 370-0002 417-0004 413-1597 228-0290 220-4040 228-4073 228-4013 QTY. 3 k Ohm ±5%. Negative edge-triggered. 1/4W R93.R71. 7. 16-Pin DIP R97 Resistor.5 k Ohm ±5%.33 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W S1 THRU S3 Switch. 1 Meg Ohm ±5%. 620 k Ohm ±5%. 16-Pin DIP U3 Integrated Circuit. MC14040B. 121 Ohm ±5%.R65. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W R96 Resistor Network.99 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W R100 Resistor. 1/4W R88 Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1. 1/4W R83 Resistor. 750 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1 Meg Ohm ±5%. 7.R76 Resistor. 14-Pin DIP U2 Integrated Circuit. DES. Red. 1/4W R77.2 to 350 MHz. 1/4W R98 Resistor. 180 Ohm ±5%. MC14013BCP. 1/2W R92 Resistor.33 k Ohm ±1%. Turret. 1/4W Resistor. 1 Meg Ohm ±5%. 5 k Ohm ±10%. 620 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W R95 Resistor. 0.

LM337T. CMOS. Dual Low Noise Operational Amplifier. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. MC14538B. 1. DES. Input: ±5 VDC. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. DES. 16-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. P6 Plug.XU4 XU5 XU9 XU10. Adjustable Positive Voltage Regulator.2V to 37V.2V to 37V. BNC.1 Ampere. Crystal. 14-Pin DIP Socket. Dual Low Noise Operational Amplifier. 16-Pin DIP Socket.5 Ampere. Dual Retriggerable.919-0104 (Sheet 5 of 5) REF. 16-Pin DIP Receptacle. LM317T. 1.TABLE 6-1. Resettable Monostable Multivibrator. SP8658. LM358N. Dual Retriggerable. 8-Pin DIP Socket. Divide-by-twenty Counter. PLL Frequency Synthesizer. 16-Pin DIP Socket. MC14538B. AFC/PLL PART NO. NE5532AP. TCXO. TO-92 Case Integrated Circuit. Dual Operational Amplifier. 28-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit.XR96 XU1 XU2 XU3. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 4 1 1 TABLE 6-2.949-1050-001 REF. 228-4538 220-0317 220-8658 220-5151 221-5532-001 221-0072 228-4538 221-0358 221-5532-001 227-0317 227-0337 417-1604 417-1404 417-1604 417-1404 417-1604 417-2804 417-0804 417-1604 417-0804 390-0001 519-0104 QTY. MC145151P. 16-Pin DIP Socket. 14-Pin DIP Socket. U5 U6 U8 U9 U10 U11 U12 U13 U14 THRU U16 U17 U18 XR73. 8-Pin DIP Oscillator. Parallel Input.2 to 37V @ 0. 1 -25- . 1.XU11 XU12 XU13 THRU XU16 Y1 ---- DESCRIPTION Integrated Circuit. LM317LZ. Dual Crimp DESCRIPTION PART NO. AFC/PLL CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1.5 Ampere. Adjustable Negative Voltage Regulator. Dual JFET-Input Operational Amplifier. Resettable Monostable Multivibrator. 418-0034 QTY. TO-220 Case Socket. 10 MHz ±3 PPM. Output: TTL Compatible Blank Circuit Board. 05C to 505C. TL072CP. Prescaler. NE5532AP. AFC/PLL ASSEMBLY . TO-220 Case Integrated Circuit. CMOS. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. Adjustable Positive Voltage Regulator. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. CMOS. CABLE HARNESS. 1. 28-Pin DIP Socket. 16-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit.

1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 9 13 14 LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO.RF AMPLIFIER TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-5 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-8 3-10 3-18 3-21 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-6 4-7 4-9 4-11 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION VI 6-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction Description Electrical Specifications REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Introduction Removal and Installation Procedures Removal Procedure Required Equipment Procedure Installation Procedure THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction RF Amplifier Assembly Description RF Amplifier Circuit Board Description Functional Description RF Amplifier Circuit Directional Coupler Circuits Input Mute Circuit MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Required Equipment RFL NULL (R12) PA BIAS (R17) Troubleshooting DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENT PARTS Introduction PAGE NO. 1 14 16 16 . 1-1 6-1 6-2 6-3 DESCRIPTION Electrical Characteristics RF Amplifier Circuit Board Assembly Heat Sensor Circuit Board Assembly Wire Harness Assembly PAGE NO.

4 8 11 .LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO. 3-1 4-1 4-2 DESCRIPTION Simplified Schematic RF Amplifier Circuit Board Controls RF Amplifier Troubleshooting Information PAGE NO.

TABLE 1-1. Directional coupler sensing lines on the cir cuit board provide both forward and reflected power outputs for monitoring and control of amplifier operation. This section provides general information and specifications relative to the operation of the RF amplifier assembly. DESCRIPTION. -1 - . Less than 1V dc at 50 Watts RF Output at 50 Ohms.SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1.2V dc at 50 Watts RF Output. 1-6. 1-2. 0. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER SPECIFICATIONS SIGNAL LEVELS: RF AMPLIFIER INPUT OUTPUT DIRECTIONAL COUPLER OUTPUT FORWARD REFLECTED 2. 3 to 50 Watts RF at 50 Ohms (adjustable).0 dBm at 50 Ohms. 1-3. The RF amplifier assembly consists of three stages of amplification to increase the lowlevel RF input signal from the modulated oscillator to an adjustable level of 3 to 50 watts as required to drive an associated transmitter. INTRODUCTION. 1-5. 1-4. ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS. Refer to Table 1-1 for electrical specifications of the RF amplifier assembly.

PROCEDURE. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. Remove the RF amplifier assembly from the exciter chassis. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. This section provides removal and installation procedures for the RF amplifier assembly. The removal of the RF amplifier assembly requires the exciter be placed on a suitable work surface.SECTION II REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION 2-1. Remove the exciter top-cover and disconnect J15 from P15 of the RF amplifier power/control cable. Remove the six screws from the underside which secure the assembly to the chassis. Follow the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in reverse order. B. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE. 2-8. F.16 cm) blade is required to remove the RF amplifier assembly from the exciter chassis. 2-4. 2-3. B. INTRODUCTION. E. 2-6. D. A. To install the RF amplifier assembly after repairs have been completed. Disconnect BNC connector P17 from J17 on the front of the RF amplifier assembly. 2-2. A. A number 2 Phillips screwdriver with a 4 inch (10. -2 - . To remove the RF amplifier assembly. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION PROCEDURES. C. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER FROM THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Disconnect the primary power from the exciter. 2-7. Disconnect BNC connector P18 from J18 on the rear of the RF amplifier assembly. Disconnect the primary power from the exciter. REMOVAL PROCEDURE. 2-5.

and resis tor pad R6 and R7. 3-11.SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION 3-1. The matching network converts the 50 Ohm output of U2 to the low input impedance required by Q3. B. 3-7. 3-12. The RF amplifier circuit consists of an input amplifier. a driver amplifier. The directional coupler outputs and operating poten tials are routed from the circuit board through the chassis with feed-through capacitors to prevent RF interference. and 4) an RF amplifier circuit board. 3-6. All wiring to and from the assembly is routed through plugs and jacks to facilitate maintenance. INTRODUCTION. Refer to Figure 3-1 as required for a description of the following circuits. tuning of the amplifier is not required. Directional coupler circuits. the RF amplifier circuit board contains forward and reflected power directional couplers and an input mute circuit. 3-8. RF amplifier circuit. An exhaust fan is installed on the exciter rear-panel to maintain proper op erating temperature. Input mute circuit. 3-5. The RF amplifier circuit board contains a three-stage FM broadband amplifier with a maximum output power of 50 watts. RF AMPLIFIER ASSEMBLY DESCRIPTION. an impedance matching network. 2) a +20V regulator circuit. 3-3. resistor R8. In addition. The RF amplifier assembly consists of: 1) two series-pass voltage regulator transistors. Output levels from 3 to 50 watts are attained by ad justing the power transistor control voltage. L3 provides a dc return path for Q3 and R8 ensures stable amplifier operation. 3-4. -3 - . Inductor L1 and capacitors C11 and C12 provide power supply isola tion. RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT. 3-10. a power amplifier. Driver Amplifier. This section presents the theory of operation for the exciter RF amplifier assembly. C. This stage provides approximately 8 watts of output power to the following stage. Input amplifier U2 operates from a dc potential of +20 volts which is routed through input mute transistor Q5. A. Interstage impedance matching networks are designed with microstrips to provide maximum broadband frequency stabili zation. The driver amplifier consists of transistor Q3. and inductor L3. This stage provides approximately 1 watt of output power across R6 and R7 to the fol lowing stage. 3-13. Input Amplifier. and associated components. The input amplifier consists of thick-film hybrid amplifier U2. 3) a temperature sensing circuit. A 1 milliwatt RF input signal from the modulated oscillator is input to U2. 3-2. 3-9. Due to the broadband characteristics. A simplified schematic diagram of the RF amplifier circuit board is presented in Figure 3-1. RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD DESCRIPTION. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.

RF AMPLIFIER SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC . INC 597-1050-23 FIGURE 3-1.-4 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

and 2) a second harmonic notch filter. When the exciter is muted. The loss of this potential will bias Q6 OFF and disable Q5 which terminates the +20 volts to U2. DIRECTIONAL COUPLER CIRCUITS. The directivity of the circuit is adjusted by null control R12. resistor R10. Reflected Directional Coupler. Forward Directional Coupler. 3-19. capacitors C40 and C41. 3-20. The forward voltage sample is obtained from a microstrip on the circuit board near the output line. and capacitors C19. Driver amplifier Q3 operates from a dc potential of +20 volts. Power amplifier Q4 operates from an adjustable dc potential of +3 to +24 volts. -5 - . Due to the polarity of the samples.3-14. Capacitor C37 establishes the broadband char acteristics of the circuit. one signal will represent the forward output signal and the other will represent the re flected. 3-17. This stage provides 50 watts of output power to the associated transmitter. The ad justable potential is preset by circuitry on the power supply/control circuit board and is automatically maintained by feedback from the forward directional coupler. C22. an impedance matching network. The drain of Q4 connects to an impedance matching network which operates as: 1) a broad band impedance step-up transformer to establish an output impedance of 50 Ohms. and resistor R13. capacitors C38 and C39. This signal is rectified and filtered by diode D2. and C23 provide power supply isolation. The directional couplers provide two dc signals ob tained by rectifying a sample of the RF output signal. and resistor R15. 3-15. the final +V supply is terminated. Power Amplifier. 3-18. Capacitor C36 functions as a dc blocking capacitor. The reflected voltage sample is obtained from a microstrip on the circuit board near the output line. 3-21. The power amplifier consists of power transistor Q4. Inductors L7 and L8. The input mute circuit consists of transistors Q5 and Q6. This signal is rectified and filtered by diode D1. R10 provides iso lation from the bias network and R17 establishes the quiescent drain current for Q4. During normal operation. The matching network converts the output impedance of Q3 to the low input impedance required by Q4. and PA bias control R17. 3-16. +20 volts is routed to input amplifier U2 through Q5. Inductors L4 and L5. Capacitor C41 establishes the broadband char acteristics of the circuit. and capacitors C28 through C31 provide power supply isolation. INPUT MUTE CIRCUIT.

BNC jack to type N plug for test load (P/N 417-3288). Potentiometer R12 is adjusted as fol lows. A. Insulated adjustment tool. ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS. Remove the exciter top-cover and the access hole plug at the top and rear of the RF amplifier assembly (refer to Figure 4-1). The RFL NULL control on the RF amplifier circuit board adjusts the directivity of the reflected power directional coupler. Adapter. shipped with exciter (P/N 947-0017-2). B. A. A. RFL NULL (R12). REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. B. Adapter. Disconnect the exciter primary power. C. BNC connectors. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Non-inductive. electrical adjustment procedures. This section provides maintenance information. 4-4. TEMP TRIP (R27) B. E. 4-7. INTRODUCTION. FWD CAL (R5) D. MAINTENANCE. D. shipped with the exciter (P/N 407-0038). 100 watt. Connect a 100 watt non-inductive test load to the exciter rear-panel RF OUTPUT receptacle. The adjustment procedure for each control is pre sented in the power supply/control circuit board section of this manual. The following tools and equipment are required for electrical adjustment procedures. 4-2. D. the controls effect the operation of the RF amplifier. -6 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Coaxial accessory cable. 50 Ohm test load. type N jack-to-jack for test load (P/N 417-3841). 4-3. proceed as follows: 4-8. To adjust reflected power null control R12. Procedure. and troubleshooting information for the RF amplifier assembly. C.SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. RFL CAL (R9) 4-6. 4-5. Although the following controls are not located on the RF amplifier assembly. TEMP CAL (R25) C. Apply primary power and operate the exciter for 50 watts as indicated on the frontpanel meter.

A. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION and remove the RF amplifier assembly from the exciter chassis. B. WARNING WARNING MAINTENANCE WITH POWER APPLIED IS ALWAYS CONSIDERED HAZARDOUS AND THEREFORE CAU TION SHOULD BE OBSERVED. Disconnect the exciter primary power. DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENTS WITHIN THE EXCITER WHEN POWER IS APPLIED. 4-10. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect J15 to P15 of the RF amplifier assembly power/ control cable. C. proceed as follows: WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Apply primary power to the exciter and record the forward power meter indication . G. WARNING WARNING F. PA BIAS (R17). 4-9. Refer to the REMOVAL PROCEDURE in SECTION II. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust R12 for minimum reflected power as indicated on the front-panel meter. E. H.E. Procedure. G. To adjust PA bias control R17. Refer to Figure 4-1 and remove the 10 screws securing the RF amplifier assembly to the mounting bracket/shield. Depress the front-panel RFL meter function switch. PA BIAS control R17 on the RF amplifier circuit board adjusts the PA quiescent current. USE AN INSULATED TOOL FOR ADJUSTMENT. H. -7 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Connect a 100 watt non-inductive test load to the exciter rear-panel RF OUTPUT receptacle. Potentiometer R17 is adjusted as follows. D. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect P18 to J18 on the rear of the RF amplifier assembly. F. Remove all test equipment and replace the access hole plug and exciter top-cover. Disconnect the exciter primary power. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. Refer to Figure 4-1 and position the RF amplifier assembly in the chassis as shown.

WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING -8 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS 597-1050-24 . INC FIGURE 4-1.

WARNING WARNING MAINTENANCE WITH POWER APPLIED IS ALWAYS CON-SIDERED HAZARDOUS AND THEREFORE CAU TION SHOULD BE OBSERVED. The problem may be further isolated by referencing the following information and Figure 4-2 which presents troubleshooting information for the RF ampli fier assembly. K. P. Q. L. Remove RF drive by disconnecting P17 from the RF amplifier. Disconnect primary power to the exciter. DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENTS WITHIN THE EXCITER WHEN POWER IS APPLIED.30) as indicated on the front-panel meter. M. USE AN INSULATED TOOL FOR ADJUSTMENT. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION and install the RF amplifier assembly in the exciter chassis. J. The troubleshooting philosophy for the RF amplifier assembly consists of isolating a prob lem to a specific circuit. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust PWR SET control R52 on the power supply/control circuit board fully clockwise. -9 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . 4-12. Refer to the INSTALLATION PROCEDURE in SECTION II. Depress front-panel PAI meter function switch. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect P17 to the RF amplifier. TROUBLESHOOTING. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust PWR SET control R52 until the meter indicates the value recorded in step H. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust R17 for 300 milliamps (0. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. Remove all test equipment and replace the RF amplifier assembly mounting bracket/shield. WARNING WARNING I. O. N. 4-11.

WARNING WARNING CAUTION CAUTION 4-13. After the problem is isolated and power is totally deenergized. for repair or replacement. The defective cir cuitry may be repaired locally or the circuit board may be returned to Broadcast Electron ics. Inc. INADVERTENT CONTACT BETWEEN ADJACENT COM PONENTS AND CIRCUIT TRACES MAY DAMAGE THE RF AMPLIFIER ASSEMBLY. refer to the schematic dia grams and the theory of operation to facilitate in problem resolution. -10 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . DISCONNECT THE POWER FROM THE EXCITER BE FORE REMOVING OR REPLACING ANY COMPO NENTS.

INC 597-1050-25 FIGURE 4-2. RF AMPLIFIER TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION -11-/-12- .COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS.

and schematic diagrams as listed below for the RF amplifier assembly. INTRODUCTION. This section provides assembly drawings.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1. wiring diagrams. TITLE RF AMPLIFIER ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM RF AMPLIFIER REGULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM AMPLIFIER INPUT/RFI FILTER/REGULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY NUMBER AD959-0204 SD919-0105-001 AC919-0105-001 SB919-0410-004 AC919-0410-001/ -003/ -004 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 5-5 -13 - . 5-2.

33 pF ±10%. extended and recessed flat blades Insulator.949-0144 REF.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. Adjustable Voltage Regulator. 350V Transistor. Mica. 6-Pin Pins. TO-3 Case Transistor. 1 1 17 5 2 -14 - . 60W Resistor. Mica. 350V Capacitor. MJ3000. 330 Ohm ±5%. NPN Darlington. TO-3 Case Wire Harness Assembly RF Amplifier Circuit Board Assembly RF Amplifier Regulator Circuit Board Assembly PART NO. 2W Integrated Circuit. DU2860U. assemblies. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the RF amplifier assembly. 1000 pF ±20%. Buss. Littlefuse Fuse. BNC. RF Power Transistor. 150 pF ±10%. Connector Pins. 6-2. GBB-8. RF AMPLIFIER MODULE ASSEMBLY . 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 15 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 TABLE 6-2.959-0204 REF. 500V Capacitor. 5 Amperes Integrated Circuit. J15 P16 ---------- DESCRIPTION Connector. Fast Acting.Q2 Q3 Q4 R19 U1 U2 Z1 thru Z9 Z24 thru Z29 ---------------------- DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Dual Crimp PART NO. 250V Adjustment Tool. INTRODUCTION. Connector Plug. C1 THRU C4 C32 C33 Q1. Silicon. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators appearing on the appli cable schematic diagram. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components. Housing. DMOS. 2N6198. DES. LM338K. RF Extender Amplifier Ferrite Bead Fuse Clip. Ceramic Feed-Thru. DES. 20-Pin In-line Connector. 8A. Housing. 008-1033 046-0005 040-3312 219-3000 213-6198 210-2860 130-3333 227-0339 229-2830 360-0003 415-1010 330-0802 407-0186 418-0010 949-0144 919-0105-001 919-0410-004 QTY. Transistor Mounting. 417-0175 418-0670 417-0036 417-0053 418-0034 QTY. MHW1342. WIRE HARNESS ASSEMBLY . TITLE RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY WIRE HARNESS ASSEMBLY RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY RF AMPLIFIER REGULATOR CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY NUMBER PAGE 959-0204 14 949-0144 14 919-0105-001 15 919-0410-004 16 TABLE 6-1 6-2 6-3 6-4 TABLE 6-1.

C9. 0.D2 F1 J16 L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L8 Q5 Q6 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Single Section RF Choke. 350V Capacitor. Polyester. 10 uH ±20%.001 uF. Mica. 1/4W Resistor. Mica. 22 Ohm ±5%. 22.9 mHz. Mica. Maximum Current 445 mA Ferrite Choke. Silicon. 100V Capacitor. 390 pF ±5%. Mica. 2. Ceramic. Mica. 500V Capacitor. 22 Ohm ±5%. 390 pF ±5%. Mica. 350V Capacitor. 1/4W Resistor. 2 k Ohm ±1%. 2W Potentiometer. 70V. 0. 300V Capacitor. 500V Diode. 1/4W PART NO. RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 1000 mA Maximum Molded RF Choke.C29 C30 C31 C34 C35 C36 C37 C38. 2N3904. 47. 150 pF ±10%. 350V Capacitor. Mica.TABLE 6-3. 350V Capacitor. Mica. 1000 mA Maximum Ferrite Core.032 uH. 2 Amperes Receptacle. 2. High Voltage. 150 pF ±10%. 47 pF ±10%. 47 Ohm ±5%.9 Ohms. 80 pF ±10%. 1 kV Capacitor.5 Turns. 18 GA Enameled Wire RF Choke.47 uF ±10%. 50 pF ±5%.C40 C41 C42 C43 D1. Single Section Choke. 68 pF ±5%. 0. DES. 2W Resistor.919-0105-001 (Sheet 1 of 2) REF.C15 C16 C17. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/2W Resistor. Silicon. Schottky Barrier Type.C39. Toroid. 100V Capacitor. 350V Capacitor. 200 pF ±10%. 390 pF ±5%. 15 mA Fuse. Mica. 200 pF ±10%.1 Ohm ±1%. Electrolytic. C8. 18 GA Enameled Wire Transistor. 1/2W Resistor. 0. HP5082-2800. 36 Ohm ±5%.5 Turns.5 k Ohm ±1%. 33 uF. Mica. Polyester. 100V Capacitor. 180 MHz. 1/4W Resistor. Q= 55 at 7. 100V Capacitor. 100 Ohm ±1%. 33 uF. 68 pF ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±1%. 100V Capacitor. 1/4W Resistor. Mica. C12 C13 C14. TO-220 AB Case Transistor. 500V Capacitor. Mica. Mica. 390 pF ±5%. 2W Resistor. 6-Pin Ferrite Choke. 500V Capacitor.32 k Ohm ±1%. 5961001101 Choke.C18 C19 C20 C21 C22 C23 C24 C25 C26 C28. 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -15 - . Mica.47 uF ±10%. 33 pF ±10%. 100V Capacitor. TIP32A. 50 pF ±5%. 390 pF ±5%. 350V Capacitor. 390 pF ±5%. 200 pF ±10%. 1/4W Resistor. NPN. 3AG. 350V Capacitor. 35V Capacitor. Mica. Mica. 100V Capacitor. Electrolytic. 2N6125.1 Ohm ±1%.C11. 200 Ohm ±10%. 51. DC Resistance 0. 350V Capacitor. 180 MHz. 4. Mica. 100V Capacitor. 35V Capacitor. 1/4W Resistor. Mica. 042-3922 040-6813 042-2000 046-0005 046-0003 042-3922 046-0004 042-3922 038-4753 024-3374 046-0005 042-2000 002-1034 042-3922 038-4753 024-3374 046-0004 040-3312 042-2000 040-5013 042-3922 040-5013 042-3922 009-6813 201-2800 330-0200 417-0677 364-0002 364-0051 364-0010 364-0002 640-1800 364-0032 360-0010 640-1800 218-0032 211-3904 103-4324 103-4755 100-1051 100-2041 110-3623 103-5112 103-2212 130-2223 130-4723 130-2223 177-2034 100-1051 100-1031 QTY. TO-92 Case Resistor.051 uH. 47 pF ±10%. 0. PNP. Ceramic Chip. 1/4W Resistor.

1/4W Potentiometer. Housing. 1/4W Resistor. RF AMPLIFIER REGULATOR BOARD ASSEMBLY . XQ402 Socket. PCB Mount XU402 ---Fuseable Link. 15-Pin Resistor. LM335Z. 100V Ferrite Bead PART NO. Mica. 0. 100-1051 103-7541 177-2045 103-4993 100-1031 103-2212 417-5022 415-2068 519-0105 QTY. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±1%.1 uF ±10%. 100V Capacitor. TO-3.TABLE 6-3. Precision Temperature Sensor. 121 Ohm ±5%. Littlefuse Blank RF Amplifier Circuit Board PART NO.5 Ohm ±1%.919-0105-001 (Sheet 2 of 2) REF. 2 k Ohm ±10%. 22 AWG ---Blank RF Amplifier Regulator Circuit Board -16 - . 042-3922 030-1053 360-0001 417-0169 100-1231 229-0335 417-0299 601-0022 519-0410-004 QTY. 1/4W Socket Fuse Clip. RF AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY . 22. Mylar. TO-92 Case XQ401. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 TABLE 6-4. 1/4W Resistor. 390 pF ±5%. DES.919-0410-004 REF. DES.1 Ohm ±1%. 100 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Integrated Circuit. 1/2W Resistor. Transistor. C401 THRU C403 C404 THRU C407 FB401 THRU FB413 J401 R401 U401 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. 3 4 13 1 1 1 3 1 1 Connector. 499 Ohm ±1%. R15 R16 R17 R18 R20 R21 XU2 ------- DESCRIPTION Resistor. 7.

LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO.SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER TABLE OF CONTENTS PARAGRAPH SECTION I 1-1 1-3 1-6 1-8 SECTION II 2-1 2-3 2-20 2-21 SECTION III 3-1 3-3 3-5 3-11 3-13 SECTION IV 4-1 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-8 4-10 4-12 SECTION V 5-1 SECTION VI 6-1 GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction System Description System Configurations Electrical Specifications INSTALLATION Introduction Installation Installation Adjustments Output Level Adjustment (R26) THEORY OF OPERATION Introduction Functional Description Slave Circuit Board Protection Circuitry Master Circuit Board MAINTENANCE Introduction Maintenance Electrical Adjustments Required Equipment Duty Cycle Adjustment (R20) Low-Pass Filter (L1. 2 14 . 1-1 6-1 DESCRIPTION System Specifications Synchronous FM Booster Circuit Boards PAGE NO. L2. L3) VCXO Adjustment Reference Frequency Selection DRAWINGS Introduction REPLACEMENT PARTS Introduction 14 13 9 9 9 9 9 9 11 12 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 4 4 1 1 1 1 PAGE NO.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE NO. 3-1 3-2 4-1 DESCRIPTION Slave FM Booster Simpified Schematic Master FM Booster Simplified Schematic Slave/Master Circuit Board Controls PAGE NO. 6 7 10 .

MODEL NO. Refer to Table 1-1 for synchronous FM booster system electrical specifications. The system features a plug-in circuit board installed in the master exciter which generates a reference signal. factory installed. 1-2. a clamping circuit on the slave circuit board will operate to stabilize the 10 MHz VCXO. This signal is transmitted to a similar circuit board installed in the slave exciter at the booster site to synchronize a 10 MHz voltage controlled crystal oscillator (VCXO). The optional synchronous FM booster circuit boards may be ordered in the following con figurations: PART NUMBER 909-0131 909-0132 DESCRIPTION Master synchronous FM booster circuit board for the FX-50/E exciter. Slave synchronous FM booster circuit board for the FX-50/E exciter. -1 - . The slave exciter will continue to operate reliably and well within the assigned frequency range. factory installed. 1-3. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION. INTRODUCTION. 1-4. The synchronous FM booster system is designed to provide precise and reliable frequency locking of one or more slave FX-50/E exciters to a master FX-50/E exciter.SECTION I GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1. 1-5. 1-7. If transmission of the reference signal is interrupted or lost. This section provides general information and specifications relative to operation of the optional synchronous FM booster system. 1-9. SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS. FX-50/E FX-50/E 1-8. 1-6. ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS.

REFERENCE SIGNALS INPUT LEVEL IMPEDANCE OUTPUT LEVEL IMPEDANCE FREQUENCY STABILITY: MASTER SLAVE Carrier Frequency ±300 Hz. for STL Subcarrier. -2 - . Resistive.375 Hz. 100k Ohms. Resistive. 100 kHz for Omega International Synchronous Repeater Systems or 90. with 600 Ohm load. 600 Ohms. Carrier Frequency ±300 Hz When Locked to Master. SPECIFICATION -20V and +5V supplied by the FX-50 Power Supply/Control Circuit Board.TABLE 1-1. Carrier Frequency ±1000 Hz When Unlocked from Master.909 kHz for Composite Subcarrier. SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS PARAMETER POWER REQUIREMENTS REFERENCE FREQUENCIES STANDARD ALTERNATES 125 kHz. Unbalanced. -10 to 0 dBM. 0° to 50°C. ±0. 500mV to 5V p-p. 0° to 50°C. Resistive. 0° to 50°C.

Insert wire NO. 2-13.SECTION II INSTALLATION 2-1. Re move the cover and ground strap. A partially assembled three conductor cable with 5 position connector P12 will interconnect between the power supply/control circuit board and the booster circuit board. -3 - . Install two ribbon cable press clips on the side of the AFC/PLL assembly cover. The ter mination of wires 81. A. This procedure is specifically for field installation kits. Route the ribbon cable through the two press clips and connect to J10 on the booster circuit board. INTRODUCTION. 2-7. Remove the four screws securing the AFC/PLL assembly cover to the circuit board. Remove P13 from J13 on the power supply/control circuit board. J2. Disconnect the primary power to the exciter. Insert wire NO. DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. 81 into P13 pin 6. Remove the exciter top-cover. Insert wire NO. B. Install the booster circuit board into J1 on the AFC/PLL assembly. C. Disconnect J1. 2-2. 2-12. 2-10. 2-17. 2-8. This section contains information required for installation of the Broadcast Electronics synchronous FM booster system. 83 into P13 pin 3. DRAWINGS. 2-14. 2-3. 2-11. Remove and discard intergrated circuit U1 from the AFC/PLL circuit board. INSTALLATION. and P2 to J2 on the AFC/PLL assembly. D. 2-6. 2-9. Align pin 1 of the ribbon cable connector with pin 1 of socket XU1 and insert into the socket. 2-15. Connect P8 to J8. Install the AFC/PLL assembly cover and ground strap with the hardware provided. 82 into P13 pin 12. 2-4. WARNING WARNING 2-5. To install the master or slave cir cuit board. Connect P1 to J1 on the booster circuit board. 82. refer to the following information and sheet 2 of assembly drawing AC909-0131 in SECTION VI. as required. 2-16. and 83 of this cable assembly is as follows. and J8 from the AFC/PLL assembly. Secure two card guides to the AFC/PLL assembly cover using the hardware provided.

DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENT WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. Refer to Figure 4-1 in SECTION IV. DISCONNECT THE PRIMARY POWER TO THE EX CITER BEFORE PROCEEDING. 2-21. 2-26. Potentiometer R26 on the slave circuit board is ad justed fully clockwise. 2-23. MAINTENANCE. proceed as follows. WARNING WARNING 2-25. 2-19. Apply primary power to the exciter. R26 on the master circuit board adjusts the output level from -10 to 0 dBM. Connect P12 to J12 on the booster circuit board. Disconnect the exciter primary power. Connect P13 to J13 on the power supply/control circuit board.2-18. 2-20. WARNING WARNING 2-22. To adjust R26 on the master circuit board. -4 - . and adjust R26 for the level re quired by the transmission equipment. Remove the test equipment and replace the top-cover. OUTPUT LEVEL ADJUSTMENT (R26). Replace the exciter top-cover. 2-24. INSTALLATION ADJUSTMENTS. Remove the top-cover and connect a 600 Ohm load and oscilloscope to the FX-50 rearpanel SUB-1 connector.

Refer to Figure 3-2 as required for the following functional description. 3-12. SLAVE CIRCUIT BOARD. The output of U5 is applied to phase comparator U2 through one shot U6B which operates as a pulse stretcher. The 10 MHz reference frequency from the AFC/PLL circuit board is applied to divide-byten counter U4 through programmable jumper J5. Depending on the posi tion of programmable jumper J11.7 volts will be ap plied to U3A through diode D2 to maintain the output range of the VCXO within accept able limits. The sinusoidal output of U8 is applied to U1 which will convert the signal to a square wave for application to phase comparator U2. Figure 3-2 presents a simplified schematic of the master synchronous FM booster circuit board. U5 will divide the 1 MHz signal to provide a frequency of 125 kHz. 100 kHz. 10.909 kHz to U6B. If phase comparator U2 fails. 3-5. PROTECTION CIRCUITRY. Figure 3-1 presents a simplified schematic of the slave synchronous FM booster circuit board. The output of the band-pass filter is applied to amplifier U8 through level control R26. 3-3. This will generate +2. 3-2. If loss of reference frequency occurs. or 90. MASTER CIRCUIT BOARD. 3-13. 3-10. When this signal and a signal from one shot U6B are compared. 3-15. -5 - . 3-11. The reference filter network consisting of U3A and U3B removes the reference frequency component from the signal to provide a dc correction voltage to 10 MHz voltage controlled crystal oscillator Y1. The output of Y1 varies in response to the correction voltage and is applied to divide-by-ten counter U4 through programmable jumper J5. 3-4. the output of U7 is input to a band-pass filter to remove any low frequency components. Duty cycle control R20 adjusts the width of the pulse. 3-14. Depending on the position of programmable jumper J11. 3-9. 3-8. INTRODUCTION. A reference frequency is routed to input amplifier U7 from the exciter rear-panel SUB-1 connector through programmable jumpers J3 and J4. U5 will divide 1 MHz by 8. 3-6. After amplification.SECTION III THEORY OF OPERATION 3-1. Refer to Figure 3-1 as required for the following functional description. Resistors R34 and R35 operate as a voltage divider network.5 volts to maintain the output frequency of the VCXO at a constant 10 MHz. and 2) a slave circuit board which locks to the reference frequency. a correction voltage is generated and applied to a reference filter network. This section presents the theory of operation for the Broadcast Electronics optional syn chronous FM booster system. the output pulse of phase comparator U2 will exhibit a 50% duty cycle. The output of U4 provides a 1 MHz sig nal to programmable counter U5 and the AFC/PLL circuit board. The synchronous FM booster system consists of: 1) a master circuit board which generates a reference frequency. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION. a clamping voltage of approximately +1. 3-7. or 11. The master and slave circuit boards are plug-in modules which interface with the AFC/ PLL circuit board in the FX-50 exciter. The output of U4 provides a 1 MHz signal to the AFC/PLL circuit board and to program mable counter U5.

-6 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. SLAVE FM BOOSTER SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC . INC 597-1050-60 FIGURE 3-1.

-7 COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. INC 597-1050-61 FIGURE 3-2. MASTER FM BOOSTER SIMPLIFIED SCHEMATIC .

The function of the band-pass filter is to remove harmonics and convert the signal to a sinewave. -8 - . 3-17.3-16. the output of U7 is applied to amplifier U8 through a bandpass filter and level control R26. One shot U6B and potentiometer R20 operate as a pulse stretcher to provide an output pulse with a 50% duty cycle. The reference frequency at the output of U8 is available for application to RF communications equipment for transmission to a booster site. Finally. This pulse is applied to input amplifier U7 through program mable jumper J4.

L2. 4-7. This section provides maintenance information. B. electrical adjustment procedures. proceed as follows: board adjusts the duty cycle of the reference signal. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENTS WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. Frequency counter. L2. 4-5. and L3 on the slave or master circuit board adjust the sensitivity of the low-pass filter network. A. D. L3).SECTION IV MAINTENANCE 4-1. C. Inductors L1. INTRODUCTION. -9 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Control R20 is adjusted as follows. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust R20 for a 50% duty cycle as indicated on the oscilloscope. A. shipped with the exciter (P/N 407-0083). To adjust duty cycle control R20. L2. MAINTENANCE. Insulated adjustment tool. Apply primary power to the exciter. Calibrated oscilloscope. F. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect an oscilloscope between TP2 and ground. E. 4-6. DUTY CYCLE ADJUSTMENT (R20). LOW PASS FILTER (L1. The following tools and equipment are required for electrical adjustment procedures. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT. C. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS. Remove the exciter top-cover. 4-4. Remove the test equipment and replace the top-cover. 4-8. and L3 are adjusted as follows. Potentiometer R20 on the slave or master circuit Procedure. B. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. Inductors L1. and troubleshooting information for the synchronous FM booster circuit boards. 4-3. 4-2. Disconnect the exciter primary power. Disconnect the exciter primary power.

C. Procedure. SLAVE/MASTER CIRCUIT BOARD CONTROLS 4-9. F. Refer to Figure 4-1 and operate programmable jumpers J3 and J4 to position 2-3. Repeat if necessary. D. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect an oscilloscope to exciter rear-panel SUB-1 receptacle. Perform steps A through E of the DUTY CYCLE ADJUSTMENT procedure. L2. Apply primary power to the exciter. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENTS WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED.COPYRIGHT © 1990 BROADCAST ELECTRONICS. -10 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . INC 597-1050-62 FIGURE 4-1. L2. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust output level control R26 to midrange position. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust L1. E. To adjust L1. proceed as follows: A. and L3. and L3 for a maximum indication on the oscilloscope. B.

Apply primary power to the exciter. -11WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . Disconnect the exciter primary power. E. Perform the DUTY CYCLE ADJUSTMENT procedure. Refer to Figure 4-1 and adjust the 10 MHz VCXO adjust control for 10 MHz +/-5 Hz as indicated on the frequency counter. 4-10. Remove the test equipment. If the unit under test is a slave circuit board. To adjust the VCXO. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING.WARNING WARNING DISCONNECT PRIMARY POWER TO THE EXCITER BE FORE PROCEEDING. D. H. I. it is recommended the VCXO frequency on the slave circuit board be periodically checked and adjusted if re quired. adjust R26 fully clockwise. replace the top-cover. Disconnect the exciter primary power. Due to frequency drift of crystals with age. Procedure. INSTALLATION. C. Remove the reference input from the rear-panel SUB-1 input connector. restore programmable jumpers J3 and J4 to the original position. B. refer to the OUTPUT LEVEL ADJUSTMENT procedure in SECTION II. VCXO ADJUSTMENT. The VCXO frequency is adjusted as follows. WARNING WARNING DO NOT TOUCH ANY COMPONENTS WITHIN THE EX CITER WITH POWER APPLIED. Refer to Figure 4-1 and connect a frequency counter between TP1 and ground. and replace the top-cover. G. Remove the test equipment. and connect the reference input to the rear-panel SUB-1 receptacle. proceed as follows: A. 4-11. Remove the top-cover. F. H. If the unit under test is a master. G. Disconnect the exciter primary power.

REFERENCE FREQUENCY SELECTION. REFERENCE FREQUENCY 125 kHz 100 kHz 90. refer to Figure 4-1 and the following information and install the required combination of capacitors. and C29 selects alternate reference frequencies.909 kHz C25 Removed Installed Installed C26 Removed Installed Installed C29 Removed Removed Installed -12 WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . C26. The removal or installation of capacitors C25. If an alternate frequency is desired.4-12.

5-2. INTRODUCTION. This section provides assembly drawings. and schematic diagrams as listed below for the synchronous FM booster circuit boards.SECTION V DRAWINGS 5-1. TITLE NUMBER FX-50/E BOOSTER OPTION CIRCUIT BOARD SCHEMATIC SD909-0131 FX-50/E BOOSTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY DIAGRAM AC909-0131 FIGURE 5-1 5-2 -13WARNING: DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO SERVICING . wiring diagrams.

003-1054 023-1076 031-1043 023-1076 003-1054 031-2033 003-1054 030-4743 031-2243 003-1054 042-3922 003-1054 040-6223 003-1054 040-2213 003-1054 031-1043 042-1822 030-4743 003-1054 040-2213 003-1054 023-1084 003-1054 023-1084 203-4005 203-4148 QTY. 0. 50V Capacitor. 0. 0.C34. Monolythic Ceramic. Each table entry in this section is indexed by reference designators ap pearing on the applicable schematic diagram. 600V @ 1 Ampere Diode.3 Amperes PART NO. assemblies. Monolythic Ceramic. 10 uF. 0. 6-2. 0.047 uF ±10%. Monolythic Ceramic. Mylar. Monolythic Ceramic.1 uF ±20%. 500V Capacitor.0022 uF ±10%. Mica. Mylar. 50V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%.C21 C22 C23 C24 C27 C28 C30. 200V Capacitor.1 uF ±20%. 100V Capacitor. Electrolytic. DES. Mica. 1N4005.1 uF ±20%.C17 C18 C19. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 -14 - . INTRODUCTION.1 uF ±20%. Mica. Silicon. 100V Capacitor.01 uF ±10%. Mica. 909-0132 (Sheet 1 of 3) REF. 0. 0. 35V Capacitor. Mylar. Silicon. 100V Capacitor. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C11 THRU C14 C15 C16. 10 uF. 50V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor.047 uF ±10%. 75V @ 0. 0.C35 C36 C37.022 uF ±10%. Mylar. This section provides descriptions and part numbers of electrical components. Polyester. SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLIES 909-0131.1 uF ±20%.C38 C39 D1 D2 DESCRIPTION Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 620 pF ±5%.1 uF ±20%. 0. 50V Capacitor. 500V Capacitor. 35V Diode. 0. 100V Capacitor. 22 pF ±5%. Electrolytic. 300V Capacitor. 50V Capacitor. Mica.SECTION VI REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1. Monolythic Ceramic. 100V Capacitor. 390 pF ±5%. Monolythic Ceramic. 50V Capacitor. 100 uF.C20. Mylar. 0. 0. Monolythic Ceramic. 50V Capacitor. 100V Capacitor. 0. 50V Capacitor. Monolythic Ceramic. 500V Capacitor. TITLE SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER CIRCUIT BOARDS NUMBER 909-0131/ -0132 PAGE 14 TABLE 6-1 TABLE 6-1. Monolythic Ceramic. 1N4148.01 uF ±10%. 50V Capacitor. 180 pF ±5%. 0. 100 uF. 0. Electrolytic. 50V Capacitor.C31 C32 C33. and selected mechanical parts required for maintenance of the synchronous FM booster circuit boards.1 uF ±20%.1 uF ±20%. 22 pF ±5%.1 uF ±20%. 50V Capacitor. 0. Electrolytic.

32 Ohms DC Resistance Shielded Adjustable Coil.85 Ohms DC Resistance Jumper.TABLE 6-1. 78. 1/2W Resistor. 380 mA Maximum. 1/4W Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 120 uH. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 185 mA Maximum. J1 J2 J3. 10 k Ohm ±5%.10 k Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor.R36 DESCRIPTION Receptacle. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 5-Pin In-line Resistor.R10 R11 R12 R13 R14 R15 R16. 604 Ohm ±1%. 1/4W Resistor. 20-Pin In-line Receptacle. 0. 1/4W Resistor.97 Ohms DC Resistance RF Choke. 1/4W Resistor. 100 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor.J5 J10 J11.1 k Ohm ±5%. 909-0132 (Sheet 2 of 3) REF. 1/4W Potentiometer. 10 Ohm ±5%. Programmable. 14-Pin DIP Receptacle. 1 k Ohm ±5%. Header. 3-Pin In-line Socket. 1/4W Resistor. 1 Meg Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 499 Ohm ±1%. 5. 1/4W Resistor.8 k Ohm ±5%. Male. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%.3 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 2-Pin Receptacle. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 10 k Ohm ±5%.J12 L1 L2 L3 L4 P3. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. 1/4W Resistor. Male. 1/4W PART NO. 20-Pin In-line Shielded Adjustable Coil.3 uH ±10%. 1.92 Ohms DC Resistance Shielded Adjustable Coil. 417-0200 417-0187 417-0003 417-1404 417-0200 360-0035 360-0071 360-0062 360-3300 340-0004 417-0071-001 340-0004 417-0165 100-1053 100-1063 100-1053 100-1063 100-1073 100-1043 100-1033 100-1063 100-1053 100-1043 100-1023 100-3333 100-3343 100-1043 100-1053 100-5143 177-1054 100-1063 100-1043 100-1053 103-4993 103-1104 177-1054 100-6833 100-1043 100-1053 100-6031 100-1063 100-1231 103-3631 100-1843 100-1043 QTY. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 3. SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLIES 909-0131. 100 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 365 Ohm ±1%. Housing.J4. 1/4W Resistor. 330 Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±10%.R17. 1/4W Resistor. 26-71 uH. 680 Ohm ±5%. 16. 1/4W Resistor. 16-Pin In-line Connector. 1/4W Resistor. 10 k Ohm ±5%. 121 mA Maximum. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1. DES.P5 P6 THRU P9 P11A. 10 k Ohm ±10%. 3. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1/4W Resistor.P4.R18 R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30 R31 R32 R33 R34 R35. 55 mA Maximum. 1 k Ohm ±5%. 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 -15- .P11B P12 R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9. Programmable. 121 Ohm ±1%. 147-430 uH. 1/4W Potentiometer. 1/4W Resistor. 1/2W Resistor. 2-Pin Connector. Single Pin Jumper. 1/4W Resistor. 6. 1 k Ohm ±5%.

DES. LM358N. LM318P. CD4046BE. TL311P. JFET-Input Differential Comparator. 1. 16-Pin DIP Socket. 74LS191N. Input: ±5 VDC Output: TTL Compatible 390-0023 1 -16 - . 1. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. 8-Pin DIP Socket. Negative edge-triggered. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. 10 MHz ±20 PPM. 3. 14-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. Adjustable Negative Voltage Regulator. Dual Operational Amplifier.3 k Ohm ±5%. Dual Monostable Multivibrator. 14-Pin DIP Pins. VCXO. R37 TP1 THRU TP5 U1 U2 U3 U4 U5 U6 U7. 0°C to 50°C. 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 7 2 1 ADDITIONAL PARTS FOR ASSEMBLY . SYNCHRONOUS FM BOOSTER CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLIES 909-0131. 909-0132 (Sheet 3 of 3) REF. 14-Pin DIP Socket. 16-Pin DIP Socket.5 Ampere. 16-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit.XU6 XU7. MC14528BCP. TO-220 Case Socket.XU8 ------------- DESCRIPTION Resistor. Crystal. 3 Inch Blank FX-50 Booster Circuit Board PART NO. Synchronous Binary Counter. Double Shoulder Integrated Circuit. TTL Type. 16-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. Divide-by-10 Counter. 100-3343 413-1597 220-0311 225-0012 221-0358 228-0290 228-0191 224-4528 221-0318 227-0337 417-0804 417-1604 417-0804 417-1404 417-1604 417-0804 417-1402 417-8766 407-0084 517-0072 QTY. LM337T. 8-Pin DIP Socket. 8-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit. Operational Amplifier. CMOS. Crimp Type Card Guide. 14-Pin DIP Integrated Circuit.2V to 37V. CMOS.909-0132 Y1 Oscillator. SN74LS90N. 8-Pin DIP Socket. Phase-Locked Loop.U8 U9 XU1 XU2 XU3 XU4 XU5.TABLE 6-1. 1/4W Turret Terminal.