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2037 W. Cleveland Avenue Madera, CA 93637-8720 (559) 661-5190 FAX (559) 675-7639 TDD (559) 675-8970

Rodger Maggio, Fire Marshal

Underground Piping for Private Hydrants & Sprinkler Supply Line
Approved and Authorized by Rodger Maggio Fire Marshal : October 25, 2006

Underground Piping for Private Hydrants & Sprinkler Supply Line
The purpose of this guideline is to provide the basic information necessary to meet minimum requirements for the design and installation of private hydrant and/or sprinkler supply underground piping in accordance with the provisions of 2001 California Fire Code (CFC), 2001 California Building Code (CBC), 1995 NFPA 24, 1999 NFPA 13, 1999 NFPA 13R, and locally adopted amendments to these codes.

This guideline is applicable to all private underground piping for hydrants and/or sprinkler supply lines within the jurisdiction of Madera County Fire Marshal(MCFM). This guideline is not applicable to underground piping serving fire sprinkler systems designed in accordance with 1999 NFPA 13D and some systems designed in accordance with 1999 NFPA 13R.

1. General A. Plans for all private underground piping for private hydrants and/or sprinkler supply line(s) shall be submitted to the County Resource Management Agency for review and approval prior to installation. B. Provide a minimum of three copies of the plans. C. Plans shall be legible, scaled to nationally recognized standards, and printed as a blue- or blackline drawing. The RMA does not accept either pen and ink plans or pen & ink changes to blueline plans. 2. Information to be provided on the title page A. Applicable codes and standards used for the system design (e.g., 2001 CFC, 2001 CBC, 1995 NFPA 24, AWWA, etc.). B. Project location, including the full legal address of the facility, and building number(s) if applicable; tract or parcel number.

G. I. post indicator valve (PIV). Additional Required Information A.e. Section 2-6. and California State contractor’s license number and classification. clear to the sky). FDCs shall be on the address side of building and located immediately adjacent to the approved fire department access road in a position allowing hose lines to be readily and conveniently attached. outside stem and yoke (OS&Y). 3) Approved indicating valves may be placed on exterior risers provided they are located on blank walls (i. telephone number. PIV’s or other approved indicating valves. Location of the fire department connection (FDC). The contractor’s name. they may be permitted to be located closer utilizing one of the following methods: 1) Approved wall mount indicating valves. the plan shall contain the name. Section 3-9.g.2. no openings within 15 feet on either side of the valve and no openings above. Fire department inlet connections shall be painted OSHA safety red. Location of public mains. B... 3. Large private service mains shall have post indicating type sectional control valves at appropriate points in order to permit isolation of the system in the event of a break or .e. E. Pipe size. 2) Approved indicating valves may be placed in valve rooms accessible only from the exterior. D. Location of all public hydrants within 300 feet of the project site. along with the RPE wet stamp. FDCs shall be no more than 50 feet from a public hydrant. The fire department connection shall contain a minimum of two 2½” inlets. When the sprinkler density design is 500 gpm or greater (including the interior hose stream demand) or a standpipe system is included..6. An approved sign shall be provided for the door. no openings within 15 feet on either side of the valve and no openings above.C. proof of compliance with this requirement must be provided to the Fire Marshal at the time of inspection. Specify the type for each (e. if the FDC is connected to the fire sprinkler system by a dedicated pipe that connects on the system side (i. or specify the means of restraint as approved by 1995 NFPA 24. If this information is not available at the time the plans are submitted. Fire Marshal underground notes. Note: If the piping plan is designed by an RPE. license number. C16.3. Where it is impractical to locate control valve(s) 40 feet from the building served. Contractors must possess an. or C36 license or be a registered professional engineer (RPE).. class.6 of this guideline. key gate valve. C. if applicable.e. system control valve. D. shall be located a minimum of 40 feet from the building served. All FDC’s shall have a durable sign clearly indicating the address of the facility they are attached to. Thrust block locations. H. etc. C34. and classification of the installing contractor. See pages 4 . specify lined or unlined. clear to the roof). Location of all valves. address. and 1995 NFPA 24. F. The FDC may be located within 50 feet of a private hydrant. 1999 NFPA 2-4. verbatim.). provided they are located on blank walls (i. downstream) of the sprinkler system check valve. double detector check (DDC). The size of piping and the number of inlets shall be approved by the chief as provided for by 1999 NFPA 13. and type. four 2½” inlets shall be provided.

including hydrants. Underground system/s serving more than one R-1 building shall comply with NFPA 13 and NFPA 24 (see 1 through 3 above). The FDC shall be located downstream of the sprinkler system riser check valve. 4. J. The attached “NOTES FOR THRUST BLOCK RESTRAINTS” shall be placed. Only ductile iron pipe shall be used under buildings.during repair or extension. on all underground plans. K. A single underground service that is supplied with the domestic water feed shall comply with NFPA 13R and the CPC. The attached “NOTES FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING FOR PRIVATE HYDRANTS AND SPRINKLERS” shall be placed. A single underground service not tied into the domestic water with the FDC downstream of sprinkler system riser check valve shall comply with NFPA 13R and the California Plumbing Code (CPC). Underground Service for NFPA 13R Systems A. A minimum of 2 inches clearance (interstitial space) shall be provided where the pipe passes through the floor or wall. verbatim. B. to the main. C. A single underground service not tied into the domestic water with the FDC installed upstream of the building sprinkler riser check valve shall comply with NFPA 13 and NFPA 24 (see 1 through 3 above). on all underground plans that use thrust blocks as the restraining method. Note: A large system is one with over five connections. Pipe under buildings shall terminate a maximum of 18 inches from the exterior wall and six inches above finished floor. . verbatim. D.

Bolts and ferrous joints shall be coated with asphaltic sealant or other corrosion retarding material. 7. The MCFM flush and hydro inspections may be scheduled concurrently. inspection. Address signs shall be securely attached to the device and be of a durable.” INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS 1. on the day before the scheduled date will be subject to a re-inspection fee. Valves serving 100 or more sprinklers shall be monitored. all detector check assemblies. and other devices or areas used for firefighting purposes. and/or other applicable agency shall be notified of the scheduled flush by the contractor. but all joints shall remain exposed. See items 12. fade resistant material and visible and legible from the fire lane. 13.MADERA COUNTY FIRE MARSHAL NOTES FOR UNDERGROUND PIPING FOR PRIVATE HYDRANTS & SPRINKLERS All of the notes listed below shall be placed. Flush inspection: All portions of the underground system shall be flushed to remove debris prior to connection to overhead piping. All valves and private hydrants shall be painted safety red. fire department connections. Monitoring plans shall be submitted under a separate Service Request. and 17 for detailed requirements. No obstructions shall be located between the front of FDCs and the adjacent fire access roadway. 9. The local public works department. and 18 – 21 below for detailed requirements. Hydro inspection: All pipe shall be in place and exposed for visual inspection. Hydrant and FDC caps shall be in place. The system shall be hydrostatically tested at 200 psi (or 50 psi over maximum static pressure. Call MCFM Inspection Scheduling at (559) 661-5191. 13. See items 12. water district. on the plan under the heading “FIRE AUTHORITY NOTES. A minimum three-foot clearance shall be provided on at least one side of a detector check assembly to allow proper operation of the device. Fire Department jurisdiction begins at the downstream side of the last valve on the detector check assembly. Verify design and installation requirements for the portion of the system preceding this point with the local water district. See items 12 – 17 and 22 below for detailed requirements. 2) Flush inspection. A minimum three-foot clearance shall be provided around all hydrants and post indicating valves. and testing shall conform to 1999 NFPA 13 and 1995 NFPA 24. Flow shall be through a minimum of a four-inch hose or pipe. Vegetation shall be selected and maintained in such a manner as to allow immediate location of and unobstructed access to all hydrants. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 6. Trench shall be of a sufficient depth to allow required cover above pipe. Please schedule all inspections at least 48 hours in advance. . Thrust blocks shall be in place. 3. FDC and four-inch hydrant outlets shall be unobstructed and oriented toward the fire lane. Hose or pipe shall be restrained to prevent injury and damage. Installation. Valves shall be locked in the open position with breakaway locks. control valves. verbatim. 4. Pipe shall be center-loaded with clean sand to prevent uplift. See items 6 – 9 and 18 – 23 for detailed requirements. Inspections canceled after 1 p. 8. unless otherwise approved by the MCFM inspector prior to scheduling the flush. Discharged water shall be collected or diverted in accordance with applicable SWPPP/NPDES provisions. Ferrous pipe and fittings shall be encased in polyethylene tubing (not wrapped) and tightly taped to inhibit water infiltration. 2. A minimum of two inspections are required for underground piping serving sprinkler systems and/or private hydrants: 1) Hydro inspection. Upon flush inspection or prior to final sprinkler or site inspection.m. whichever is greater) for at least two hours prior to arrival of the MCFM inspector. Pipe shall be laid on a minimum twelve-inch bed of clean sand. control valves. and fire department connections (FDC) shall be clearly labeled with the address(es) served by the device.

Valves shall not be located in parking stalls. PIPE AND TRENCH REQUIREMENTS 12. Thrust blocks shall be Class 560-C-3250 concrete. approved for underground use. a minimum of 36 inches of cover shall be provided. The ends of the tube and any splices made for tees or other piping components shall be tightly sealed with two-inch tape. Galvanized pipe shall not be used for portions of the system that are buried. 000 PSF soil pressure with 2 ½ feet of cover minimum. shall be stainless steel. All bolts used for underground connections. Wrapping the pipe in polyethylene sheeting is not acceptable. All outlets shall be provided with National Standard Threads (NST). The FDC shall contain a minimum of two two-and-one-half-inch inlets. Private fire hydrants shall be an approved dry barrel style with a minimum of one two-and-one-halfinch and one four and one-half-inch outlet. ON THE PLAN: NOTES 1. which shall be located a maximum of 18 inches from an exterior wall and 6 inches above the slab. 15. 23. or Class 100-E-100 slurry. approved compacted backfill. All fire hydrants shall have a “Blue Reflective Pavement Marker” indicating their location. The lowest valve operating nut shall be a minimum of eighteen inches above grade and the hydrant flange shall be a minimum of two inches above grade. 4. unless specified otherwise. 3. To facilitate future removal of thrust blocks and line extension use cardboard separators between blocks. inspection. 13. Class 150 will be used at a minimum. A twelve-inch bed of clean fill sand shall be provided both below and above the pipe (total of 24 inches plus outer diameter of the pipe). HYDRANT REQUIREMENTS 20. if needed. FDCs shall be painted OSHA safety red. including the interior hose stream demand. 18. and applicable sections of NFPA 13 and NFPA 24. 14. 16. VERBATIM. or another approved method of thrust restraint. A keyed gate valve shall be provided for each hydrant in an accessible location. shall be provided. 22. 2. or a standpipe system is included. A minimum of 30 inches of cover. When the system design demand is 500 gpm. . Approval of this plan shall not be construed as approval of any information or project conditions other than those items and requirements identified in this Guideline. including T bolts. When surface loads are expected. Thrust blocks. four two-and-one-half-inch inlets shall be provided. 11. Thrust block bearing faces shall be placed against undisturbed soil. Private hydrants shall be painted OSHA safety red. Any future modification to the approved private underground piping system shall require review. The 4 ½” outlet shall face the fire department access road. Minimum two-inch clearance shall be provided where the pipe passes through slabs or walls. All bolts and ferrous fittings shall be cleaned and thoroughly coated with asphalt or other corrosion retarding material after assembly and prior to polytube installation. Private hydrants and markers are to be maintained in good condition by the property owner. This project may be subject to additional requirements not stated herein upon examination of actual site and project conditions or disclosure of additional information. Keyed gate valves shall be located within ten feet of the hydrant in an area that is unobstructed and clearly visible. from finish grade to the top of the pipe. 19. shall be provided wherever pipe changes direction. Thrust block areas based on 225 PSI and 2. Fire hydrant supply piping shall be a minimum of six inches in diameter. or greater. 17. All ferrous pipe and fittings shall be protected with a loose 8-mil polyethylene tube. All pipe shall be approved for use in fire service systems. and approval by the Madera County Fire Marshal’s Office.10. and class 200 pipe shall be used where the pressure may exceed 150 psi. 21. NOTES FOR THRUST BLOCK RESTRAINTS PLACE THE FOLLOWING NOTES. Underground system shall terminate at the riser flange.