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Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, April 2010 GEO TECHNICAL ENGINEERING (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Diﬀerentiate between residual and transported soils. (b) An undisturbed specimen of clay was tested in the laboratory and the following results were obtained. Speciﬁc gravity of solids is 2.70, wet and dry masses of the specimen are 210 g and 125 g respectively. Assuming the wet specimen to be: i. 100% saturated and ii. 75% saturated, determine: A. total volume, B. void ratio and C. porosity of the specimen.

[6+10]

2. (a) Write the notes on Indian Standard Classiﬁcation of coarse grained soils. (b) Describe the hydrometer method of particle size analysis of soils. [6+10]

3. (a) Discuss the factors that inﬂuence the value of coeﬃcient of permeability of a soil. (b) A soil sample 90 mm high and 6000 mm2 in cross-section was subjected to a falling head permeability test. The head fall from 500 mm to 300 mm in 1500 sec. The permeability of the soil was 2.4×10−3 mm/s. Determine the diameter of the stand pipe. [8+8] 4. (a) Deﬁne: total stress, eﬀective stress and neutral stress as applied to soils. (b) What are the corrections to be made to the phreatic line? And how the same is carried out. (c) What is a ﬂow net? State its properties and applications. What is the quantity of seepage between two successive ﬂow lines and equipotential lines? [4+4+8] 5. A water tower has a circular foundation of 10m diameter. If the total weight of the tower, including foundation is 2.5 × 104 kN, calculate the vertical stress a depth of 3.0m below the foundation level. Also calculate stress at 1.5m depth. [16] 6. The following are results of standard compaction test performed on a sample of soil: Water content (%) Bulk density (kN/m3 ) 5 17.7 10 14 19.8 21 20 25 20.8 20.6

Plot the water content - dry density curve and obtain the optimum water content and maximum dry density. Calculate the water content necessary to completely 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.

[8+8] 8. 72 mm long sample of the same soil was tested in a triaxial machine. would failure be expected? [16] 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. [16] 7.com to remove this watermark. Normal Load (N) Shear force at failure (N) 90 70 180 90 270 117 (a) Determine the cohesion and angle of friction of the soil with respect to total stresses.3 mm? (c) If the soil was tested in an unconﬁned compression apparatus.7. (b) Explain in sequence. (a) Explain why there is a signiﬁcant time lag in the settlement of clay soils but not in sandy soils. 1 saturate the sample at its maximum dry density. . What would be the additional axial load at failure.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. (b) If a 30 mm diameter. the occurrences that take place when a saturated clay deposit undergoes consolidation. if the sample shortened by 6.verypdf. A series of undrained shear box tests (area of box = 3600mm2 ) were carried out on a soil with the following results. at what value of compressive stress. with a cell pressure 270 KN/m2 . assuming no change in the volume. Take G = 2.

discharge velocity and seepage velocity ii. (b) A natural soil deposit has a bulk unit weight of 19 kN/m3 and water content of 5%.verypdf. silt and clays.001 N-sec/m2 and unit weight of water is 9. Estimate the amount of water required to be added to 1 m3 of soil to raise the water content to 15%. (c) Indicate approximate range of values of coeﬃcient of permeability for gravel.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. coeﬃcient of permeability and coeﬃcient of percolation. Determine the vertical stress at point P at a depth of 5. The speciﬁc gravity of soil is 2.67. (b) Explain the phenomenon of capillary rise in soil and develop an expression for the capillary rise. Assume the void ratio to remain constant. 2 III B. .81 kN/m3 . (a) What is meant by weathering? Describe its agents. sand. April 2010 GEO TECHNICAL ENGINEERING (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1.shaped foundation is loaded with a uniform load of 110 KN/m2 . A T . The speciﬁc gravity of solids is 2. (a) Explain the salient features of Indian Standard Classiﬁcation system. (b) Explain the graphical procedure of drawing the phreatic line in a homogeneous earth dam provided with a toe drain.0m as shown in ﬁgure 5. [6+10] 5. [6+6+4] 4. [16] 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. (a) What is quick sand condition? Derive the expression for the critical hydraulic gradient.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations.67. [10+6] 3. (a) Distinguish between: i.2 mm how much time is required to settle through a depth of water of 30 cm? The viscosity of water is 0. [8+8] 2.com to remove this watermark. process and eﬀects on rocks. (b) For a particle of diameter 0.

. Diﬀerentiate between unconsolidated undrained test and drained test. (b) A cylindrical specimen of a cohesive soil of 10cm diameter and 20cm length was prepared by compaction in a mould. (a) Diﬀerentiate between consolidation and compaction. ﬁnd the degree of saturation.70. Estimate the time required for 90% consolidation to take place (Tv =0. If the wet mass of the specimen was 3.50 kg and its water content was 15% determine the dry density and void ratio. [8+8] 7.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No.85) (b) Calculate the ﬁnal settlement of the clay layer shown in Figure 7b due to an increase of pressure of 35 kN/m2 at mid height of the layer. Under what conditions are these test results used for design purposes? [16] 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf. An undisturbed sample 2. [8+8] Figure 7b 8. 2 Figure 5 6. It is proposed to construct a building at the above site. Take γw =10KN/M3 .20). (a) There is clay layer 7m thick with a layer of sand on either side.com to remove this watermark. If the speciﬁc gravity of the particles was 2.5 cm thick of the clay when tested in the laboratory required 26 minutes to reach 50% consolidation (Tv =0.

D10 = 0. Liquid limit = 22%.45 mm.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. The speciﬁc gravity of solids is 2.67. (a) What is meant by weathering? Describe its agents.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations. (a) What are diﬀerent causes of pre consolidation in soils? What is the eﬀect of pre consolidation on the settlement? (b) How would you determine the time-settlement curve in the ﬁeld? 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. process and eﬀects on rocks. D60 = 1.12 mm. D30 = 0. eﬀective stress and neutral stress as applied to soils. Classify the soil by Indian Standard Classiﬁcation. [10+6] 6. [8+8] . Assume the void ratio to remain constant. [10+6] 4.11 mm. 3 III B. (b) What are the corrections to be made to the phreatic line? And how the same is carried out. [8+8] 2. Plastic limit =12%.verypdf. (a) Explain the constant head method for determining the permeability of soil and derive the equation used. (b) Distinguish between discharge velocity and seepage velocity. (a) Brieﬂy describe the procedure to determine the liquid limit of a soil. (a) Derive the equation for calcuting vertical pressure under a uniformly loaded circular area. (b) A natural soil deposit has a bulk unit weight of 19 kN/m3 and water content of 5%. April 2010 GEO TECHNICAL ENGINEERING (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. [10+6] 3. What is the eﬀect of compaction on the engineering properties of soil? How would you decide whether the soil should be compacted the dry of optimum or the wet of optimum? [8+8] 7. Obtain a relationship between them.com to remove this watermark. (c) What is a ﬂow net? State its properties and applications.75 mm sieve = 82. Percent passing 75 micron sieve = 9. (b) Write the assumptions made in Wester gaard?s stress analysis. (b) The sieve analysis and consistency limit tests conducted on a soil sample gave the following results: Percent passing 4. What is the quantity of seepage between two successive ﬂow lines and equipotential lines? [4+4+8] 5. Estimate the amount of water required to be added to 1 m3 of soil to raise the water content to 15%. (a) Deﬁne: total stress.

(a) Deﬁne critical void ratio.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. (b) Explain how a negative pore water pressure develops in a consolidated undrained test on a over-consolidated clay. Explain the shear behavior of a soil whose void ratio is less than the critical void ratio.verypdf. . 3 8.com to remove this watermark. [8+8] 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.

[8+8] 2. uplift pressure. (b) A natural soil deposit has a bulk unit weight of 19 kN/m3 and water content of 5%. (a) Explain the salient features of Indian Standard Classiﬁcation system.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. 4 III B. with the intensity of loading of 100 kN/m2 . sand. phreatic line.001 N-sec/m2 and unit weight of water is 9. iii. silt and clays.81 kN/m3 .67. [6+6+4] 4. The uniform intensity of loading at the foundation level of a building is 10 m in width and very great extent in length. April 2010 GEO TECHNICAL ENGINEERING (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Using Boussinesq’s analysis.com to remove this watermark. discharge velocity and seepage velocity ii. ﬂow line. process and eﬀects on rocks. . (a) Distinguish between: i. Estimate the quantity of seepage in m3 /day/m length of the sheet pile wall. (b) A ﬂow net for calculating the seepage under a sheet pile wall was drawn. coeﬃcient of permeability and coeﬃcient of percolation. The speciﬁc gravity of solids is 2. The head causing ﬂow was 5. compute analytically the vertical pressure under the 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. v. (a) What is meant by weathering? Describe its agents.2 mm how much time is required to settle through a depth of water of 30 cm? The viscosity of water is 0. iv. vi. The speciﬁc gravity of soil is 2. The coeﬃcient of permeability of sand was 8×10−4 cm/sec. [6+10] 5. ii. (a) Deﬁne the following terms: i. equipotential line.0 m.67. Also show the typical ﬂow net below the sheet pile wall. (b) Explain the phenomenon of capillary rise in soil and develop an expression for the capillary rise. (c) Indicate approximate range of values of coeﬃcient of permeability for gravel. exit gradient. (b) For a particle of diameter 0. and ﬁeld. Estimate the amount of water required to be added to 1 m3 of soil to raise the water content to 15%. Assume the void ratio to remain constant. There were 5 ﬂow paths and 14 equipotential drops in the ﬂow net. [10+6] 3.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations.verypdf.

85) (b) Calculate the ﬁnal settlement of the clay layer shown in Figure 7b due to an increase of pressure of 35 kN/m2 at mid height of the layer. [16] 2 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www. An undisturbed sample 2. What are the three standard triaxial shear tests with respect to drainage conditions? Explain with reasons the stuations for which each test is to be preferred. . Take γw =10KN/M3 .5 cm thick of the clay when tested in the laboratory required 26 minutes to reach 50% consolidation (Tv =0. [16] 7. [8+8] Figure 7b 8.Code No: V3201/R07 Set No. [16] 6. Also ﬁnd vertical stress at a depth of 1m under the edge of the building.verypdf. What are the factors that eﬀect compaction? Discuss in detail with illustration sketches. It is proposed to construct a building at the above site. Estimate the time required for 90% consolidation to take place (Tv =0. (a) There is clay layer 7m thick with a layer of sand on either side.com to remove this watermark. 4 centre of footing at a depth of 10 m.20).

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