Appendix D

Recommendation Details

Contents
Summary of Final Recommendations Summary of Draft Final Recommendations Conceptual Drawings of Select Recommendations Summary of Cost Estimates
     

Rock Creek West II Livability Study
February 2011

Summary of Final Recommendations
Location Reported Issue 36th Street Corridor (Local Street) 36th St & Fessenden St Awkward intersection; poor visibility Final Recommendation Remove 36th Street between CT and Fessenden; replace with green space Expected Impacts Removal of sight distance issue for NB 36th Street traffic; improved sight distance for SB 36th Street traffic; additional left turns from NB 36th to CT (low volumes); opportunity to expand existing green space Improve visibility for SB 36th St traffic by discouraging vehicles from parking north of stop sign Caution motorists to slow down; condition motorists to expect pedestrians Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Enforce parking restriction at northwest corner of intersection (though there is room for one parked car, it is not a signed as a parking zone) 36th St & Davenport St; 36th St & Ellicott St 36th St & Davenport St Entire corridor (between Veazey Terr and Linnean Ave) Aggressive driving in school zone Aggressive driving in school zone No bicycle facilities Add high-visibility crosswalks across all legs Add curb extensions to all corners of intersection Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Between Brandywine St and Albemarle St: reverse directions of 40th St (to be NB) and Fort Dr (to be SB). Convert metered parallel parking to angled parking along west side of 40th and east side of Fort Dr. Remove u-turn break in median near intersection. Add median break and new crosswalk at Whole Foods garage entrance/exit. 41st St Corridor (Local Street) 41st St & Livingston St Pedestrians crossing outside of WALK phase; long signal Reduce traffic signal cycle length from 100 to 50 seconds

40th Street/Fort Drive (Local Street) 40th St & Albemarle St Awkward intersection; poor visibility; poorly marked/located crosswalks

Improve visibility and safety by aligning approaching traffic to intersection. Need to relocate Metrobus and shuttle stops, and parking. Additional on-street parking for Wilson HS and community destinations; narrowing of travel-way and traffic calming Relocate u-turns from intersection to where most vehicles are coming from, improving circulation.

Pedestrians have twice as many opportunities to legally cross

1 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location

Reported Issue cycle length

Final Recommendation

Expected Impacts

41st St & Legation St

Poor visibility; motorists speeding 42nd St Corridor (Collector Street) 42nd St & Warren St Motorists speeding 42nd & Albemarle St High pedestrian volumes

Trim shrubs at NW and SE corners of intersection Construct neighborhood traffic circles at both connections to Warren St Provide leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) at intersection Add curb extensions at western corners Add a centerline Add curb extensions to the following intersections: Brandywine (green curb extensions at SW and SE corners), Butterworth Pl (NW and SW), Yuma (NW, NE, SE corners), and Van Ness (north corners) Add bike sharrows in both directions

Improve visibility for motorists approaching intersection, particularly for Legation St Reduced vehicle speeds; improved pedestrian safety; landscaping/place-making opportunity Improved pedestrian safety by providing advanced and crossing time Reduce pedestrian crossing distance and improve visibility Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual narrowing of roadway Discourage cut-through traffic by narrowing roadway at intersections and reducing turning radii; change behavior of vehicular traffic (local and cutthrough) Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Elimination of AM cut-through traffic; restoration to its intended function as a local street; increased traffic on eastern segment of River Rd, Wisconsin Ave, and Nebraska Ave; increased cyclist safety; increased cyclist volumes Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St)

Motorists speeding and cut through-traffic

Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St) 43rd St Corridor (Local Street) Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St)

No bike facilities

Cut-through traffic

Maintain two-way operations, but add “NO RIGHT TURN 6:00 to 9:30 AM” signs at SW corner of 43rd St & River Rd intersection Add bike sharrows in both directions. Add green curb extensions at River Rd, Albemarle St, and Van Ness St Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Convert from two-way to all-way stop

43rd St & Albemarle St, Yuma St, and Warren St 44th St (Local Street) Between Western Ave and Van Ness St 46th St (Collector Street) 46th St & Fessenden St

Motorists speeding

No bicycle facilities

Traffic adjacent to park

Improved traffic control and improved yielding to pedestrians

2 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location

Reported Issue

Final Recommendation

Expected Impacts

Albemarle St Corridor (Collector Street) Albemarle St between 42nd St Aggressive driving in school and Wisconsin Ave zone Albemarle St from Wisconsin Ave to Nebraska Ave Albemarle St around 38th St Motorists speeding Motorists speeding

Remove mid-block crossing

Improved pedestrian safety by directing pedestrians to protected crossings Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual narrowing of roadway Reduced vehicle speeds due to driver awareness of speed (and ability to move to other locations) Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance Remove speeding issue along Brandywine at intersection; removal of awkward intersection; placemaking opportunity; increase in pervious surface and potential for low impact development; additional left turns from EB Brandywine to NB 42nd St (low volumes) Improve pedestrian safety by providing crossing time with no vehicle conflicts Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Refurbish centerline Install permanent-looking speed indicator/feedback sign if warranted Add bike sharrows in both directions

Albemarle St between 43rd St No bike facilities and Reno Rd Brandywine St Corridor (Local Street) Motorists speeding Brandywine St & 45th St, 44th St, 43rd St, and 42nd St Brandywine St & 42nd St Motorists speeding

Add curb extensions at 42nd Street; add green curb extensions at 46th Street Remove Brandywine St between 42nd Street and River Road; replace with green space

Brandywine St & Wisconsin Ave Between 30th St and Broad Branch Rd Chesapeake St (Local Street) Between Belt Rd and Gates Rd

Pedestrian safety No bicycle facilities

Providing leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add clear, diagrammatic advanced signage explaining circle “exits” (shortterm) Install traffic signals at Western Avenue approaches and at crosswalks, per completion of traffic analysis (long-term)

No bicycle facilities

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Chevy Chase Circle (Arterial Street) All major approaches Vehicle weaving; inadequate signage

Reduced weaving and vehicle collisions

Circle

Congestion in and leading to circle, high accident rate, confusion over yielding, inadequate opportunities for

More efficient traffic flow for some roads; improved pedestrian and vehicle safety; protected pedestrian crossings

3 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location

Reported Issue pedestrians to enter circle

Final Recommendation

Expected Impacts

Chevy Chase Pkwy (Local Street) Between Chevy Chase Circle No bicycle facilities and Fessenden St Davenport St Corridor (Local Street) Davenport St & Nebraska Motorists speeding Ave, Reno Rd, Connecticut Ave Garrison St Corridor (Local Street) Garrison St & Wisconsin Ave Motorists speeding Gates Rd (Local Street) Between Chesapeake St and 30th St Jenifer St (Local Street) Between Western Ave and Nebraska Ave Livingston St (Local Street) Between Western Ave and Broad Branch Rd

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add curb extensions at Nebraska Avenue; add green curb extensions at Reno Road and Connecticut Avenue Remove concrete and bricks over planting strip Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Paint a 4-foot wide median Paint parking lanes Add bike sharrows in both directions

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance

Improve aesthetics; reduce impervious surface

No bicycle facilities

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

No bicycle facilities

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

No bicycle facilities

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Nevada Ave Corridor (Collector Street) Between Morrison St and Motorists speeding; wider Nebraska Ave roadway Between Western Ave and Motorists speeding; wider Nebraska Ave roadway Between Western Ave and No bike facilities Nebraska Ave Northampton St Corridor (Local Street) Northampton St & Motorists speeding, Connecticut Ave aggressive driving

Reduce vehicle speeds by visually narrowing roadway, channelizing traffic Reduce vehicle speeds by visually narrowing roadway, channelizing traffic Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance Provide protected pedestrian crossing and improve pedestrian safety Reduced vehicle speeds due to vehicle deflection; improved pedestrian visibility/safety

Add curb extensions to southeastern Northampton approach Add HAWK signal at intersection Add raised crosswalk across eastern leg of intersection

Northampton St & Broad Branch Rd

Motorists speeding, failing to yield

4 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location

Reported Issue

Final Recommendation

Expected Impacts

River Rd Corridor (Arterial Street) River Rd & Western Ave Congestion for westbound traffic River Rd & 45th St & Fessenden St River Rd & 44th St Poor visibility, motorists speeding Poor visibility

Restrict parking during the AM rush hours (PM rush is already restricted) in 4600 block Add curb extensions to all corners of the intersection Add green curb extensions to all corners of intersection Add bike sharrows in both directions Request permanent speed camera from MPD Reconfigure road to include one travel lane in each direction, a parking lane on the north side, and an EB bike lane Add bike sharrows in both directions Add centerline to meet new raised median Implement previous DDOT recommendations: increased pedestrian signal timing, right turn lane from EB Van Ness St to SB Connecticut Ave Provide leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) at Nebraska Avenue approaches Add advanced diagrammatic signage to each circle approach (short-term) Signalize Massachusetts Avenue approaches and provide protected pedestrian crosswalks (long-term)

Provide more space for vehicles turning right; reduce congestion Reduce pedestrian crossing distance; improve pedestrian visibility; reduce vehicle speeds due to narrowed roadway Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance and improve pedestrian sight lines Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Speed reduction by enforcement Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing lanes and adding other modes; improve cyclist safety; increase cyclist volumes Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Clarify lanes; reduce vehicle speeds be visually narrowing roadway Improved pedestrian safety; reduced vehicle congestion

River Rd between Garrison St and Wisconsin Ave

No bike facilities Motorists speeding

Van Ness St Corridor (Collector Street) Van Ness St between Motorists speeding; wider Nebraska Ave and Wisconsin roadway Ave Van Ness St between No bike facilities Wisconsin Ave and Connecticut Ave Van Ness between Reno Rd Unclear lanes and International Ct Van Ness St & Connecticut Ave Ward Circle (Arterial Street) Nebraska Ave approaches Pedestrian safety and vehicle congestion

Pedestrian safety, failure to yield

Circle

Unclear wayfinding, vehicle weaving High accident rate, inadequate pedestrian facilities

Improved pedestrian safety by proving time for pedestrians to cross without vehicle conflicts, and by allowing for pedestrians to enter crosswalk and become visible before vehicles are permitted to turn Clarify lane assignments; reduce weaving and confusion Improved pedestrian safety by providing time for pedestrians to cross without vehicle conflicts; potentially improve traffic flow by signalizing all

5 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location

Reported Issue

Final Recommendation

High accident rate, inadequate pedestrian facilities, poor visibility, confusing configuration Western Ave Corridor (Arterial Street) Western Ave & 45th St, River Pedestrians crossing midRd block Western Ave & 47th St Western Ave & Geico Rd Yuma St (Local St) Between Massachusetts Ave and Connecticut Ave Existing crosswalk leads to no sidewalk, forcing pedestrians into 47th St Lack of pedestrian facilities; underutilized signal

Further detailed study necessary to determine whether removal of inside lanes and full circle signalization is feasible (very long-term) Add high-visibility crosswalks at intersections, across Western Ave Remove crosswalk across 47th St, add high visibility one across eastern leg of Western Ave Actuate signal for both vehicles and pedestrians, add crosswalks across Western Ave, add wheelchair ramps Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments

Expected Impacts circle approaches; and potentially improve safety by controlling all traffic movements Placemaking opportunity; restoration to traditional DC traffic circle

Alert drivers to pedestrian crossings; encourage pedestrians to cross at crosswalks; improve pedestrian safety Direct pedestrians to proper paths/facilities; improve pedestrian safety Increase pedestrian safety by providing protected crossing and visible crosswalks

No bicycle facilities

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

6 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Rock Creek West II Livability Study
December 16, 2010

Summary of Draft Final Recommendations
Location
th

(with major changes between October and December public meetings highlighted) Reported Issue Initial Recommendation (10/2010) Draft Final Recommendation (12/2010)
th

Reason for Recommendation Change Additional study showed limited utility of street segment N/A N/A N/A N/A

Expected Impacts
th

36 Street Corridor (Local Street) th 36 St & Fessenden St Awkward intersection; poor visibility

Add stop sign to WB Fessenden St approach

Remove 36 Street between CT and Fessenden; replace with green space

36 St & Davenport St; 36 St & Ellicott St th 36 St & Davenport St Entire corridor (between Veazey St and Linnean Ave)
th

th

th

Aggressive driving in school zone Aggressive driving in school zone No bicycle facilities

Remove one parking space from NW corner th of intersection (36 St) Add high-visibility crosswalks across all legs Add curb extensions to all corners of intersection Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Install distinct paving or crosswalks across 40th St curb cuts. Add brick paving to sidewalks.

Remove one parking space from NW th corner of intersection (36 St) Add high-visibility crosswalks across all legs Add curb extensions to all corners of intersection Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Paint crosswalks across 40th St curb cuts.

Removal of sight distance issue for NB 36 Street traffic; th improved sight distance for SB 36 Street traffic; additional th left turns from NB 36 to CT (low volumes); opportunity to expand existing green space th Improve visibility for SB 36 St traffic Caution motorists to slow down; condition motorists to expect pedestrians Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

40 Street/Fort Drive (Local Street) th 40 St & Albemarle St Awkward intersection; poor visibility; poorly marked/located crosswalks

Additional study and site visit.

Improve pedestrian environment in service vehicle area

Between Brandywine St and Albemarle th St: reverse directions of 40 St (to be NB) and Fort Dr (to be SB). Convert metered parallel parking to th angled parking along west side of 40 and east side of Fort Dr. Remove u-turn break in median near intersection. Add median break and new crosswalk at Whole Foods garage entrance/exit. Clarify parking signage

Improve visibility and safety by aligning approaching traffic to intersection. Need to relocate Metrobus and shuttle stops, and parking. Additional on-street parking for Wilson HS and community destinations; narrowing of travel-way and traffic calming

Relocate u-turns from intersection to where most vehicles are coming from, improving circulation.

Fort Drive near Albemarle St 41 St Corridor (Local Street) st 41 St & Livingston St
st

Unclear parking regulations

Clarify parking signage

N/A

Clarify parking regulations, reduce violations, and make more user-friendly Pedestrians have twice as many opportunities to legally cross

Pedestrians crossing outside of WALK phase; long signal cycle length st 41 St & Legation St Poor visibility; motorists speeding nd 42 St Corridor (Collector Street) nd 42 St & Warren St Motorists speeding

Reduce traffic signal cycle length from 100 to 50 seconds Trim shrubs at NW and SE corners of intersection Construct neighborhood traffic circles at both connections to Warren St

Reduce traffic signal cycle length from 100 to 50 seconds Trim shrubs at NW and SE corners of intersection Construct neighborhood traffic circles at both connections to Warren St

N/A

N/A

Improve visibility for motorists approaching intersection, particularly for Legation St Reduced vehicle speeds; improved pedestrian safety; landscaping/place-making opportunity

N/A

1 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location 42 & Albemarle St
nd

Reported Issue High pedestrian volumes

Initial Recommendation (10/2010) None

Draft Final Recommendation (12/2010) Provide leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) at traffic signal Add curb extensions to all corners Add a centerline No turn restrictions. Add curb extensions to the following intersections: Brandywine (SW and SE corners), Butterworth Pl (NW and SW), Yuma (NW, NE, SE corners), and Van Ness (all corners) Add bike sharrows in both directions

Reason for Recommendation Change Pedestrian count showed approximately 240 ped/hour across this leg.

Expected Impacts Improved pedestrian safety by providing advanced and crossing time Reduce pedestrian crossing distance and improve visibility

Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St)

Motorists speeding and cut through-traffic

Add a centerline Install AM rush hour turn restrictions at River Rd, if traffic study warrants.

N/A DDOT does not generally apply right-turn restrictions to collectors.

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual narrowing of roadway Discourage cut-through traffic by narrowing roadway at intersections and reducing turning radii; change behavior of vehicular traffic (local and cut-through)

Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St)
rd

No bike facilities

Add SB bike sharrow

Both 42 and 43 Streets will now remain two-way, so sharrows should be two-way Lack of public support

nd

rd

Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes

43 St Corridor (Local Street) Entire corridor (between River Rd and Van Ness St)

Cut-through traffic

Convert from two-way (existing) to oneway NB operation, with one travel lane and a NB bike lane

Maintain two-way operations, but add “NO RIGHT TURN 6:00 to 9:30 AM” signs rd at SW corner of 43 St & River Rd intersection Add bike sharrows in both directions. Add curb extensions at River Rd, Albemarle St, and Van Ness St

Elimination of AM cut-through traffic; restoration to its intended function as a local street; increased traffic on eastern segment of River Rd, Wisconsin Ave, and Nebraska Ave; increased cyclist safety; increased cyclist volumes

43 St & Albemarle St, Yuma St, and Warren St

rd

Motorists speeding

Add curb extensions to all corners of intersection

43 St & Albemarle St, Yuma St 44 St (Local Street) Between Western Ave and Van Ness St
th th

rd

Motorists speeding (anticipated issue due to oneway conversion) No bicycle facilities

Raised crosswalks across one leg of 43 St, at both intersections

rd

No raised crosswalks

Focus gateway and narrowing treatments at the intersection of local streets and collectors/arterials No longer justified due to maintenance of two-way operations. N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance

N/A

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments None Install flashing yellow beacons at mid-block crossing Refurbish centerline Install permanent-looking speed indicator/feedback sign if warranted Add bike sharrows in both directions

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Convert from two-way to all-way stop Remove mid-block crossing Refurbish centerline Install permanent-looking speed indicator/feedback sign if warranted Add bike sharrows in both directions

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

46 St (Collector Street) th 46 St & Fessenden St Traffic adjacent to park Albemarle St Corridor (Collector Street) nd Albemarle St between 42 St Aggressive driving in school and Wisconsin Ave zone Albemarle St from Wisconsin Motorists speeding Ave to Nebraska Ave th Albemarle St around 38 St Motorists speeding Albemarle St between 43 St and Reno Rd
rd

Additional study Additional study N/A N/A N/A

Improved traffic control and improved yielding to pedestrians Reduce pedestrian-vehicle conflict and improve safety; direct pedestrians to cross at protected locations (intersections) Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual narrowing of roadway Reduced vehicle speeds due to driver awareness of speed (and ability to move to other locations) Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes

No bike facilities

2 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Location Belt Rd (Local Street) Between Fessenden St and Chesapeake St

Reported Issue

Initial Recommendation (10/2010)

Draft Final Recommendation (12/2010)

Reason for Recommendation Change N/A

Expected Impacts

No bicycle facilities

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add curb extensions to all corners of intersections

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add curb extensions at 42 & 46
nd th

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Brandywine St Corridor (Local Street) th th Brandywine St & 45 St, 44 Motorists speeding rd nd St, 43 St, and 42 St

Brandywine St & 42 St

nd

Motorists speeding

Neighborhood traffic circle at 42nd St if study warrants

Remove Brandywine St between 42 and River; replace with green space

nd

Focus gateway and narrowing treatments at the intersection of local streets and collectors/arterials Additional study showed that this segment of Brandywine has limited utility N/A N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance

Brandywine St & Wisconsin Ave th Between 30 St and Broad Branch Rd Chesapeake St (Local Street) Between Belt Rd and Gates Rd

Pedestrian safety No bicycle facilities

Providing leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add clear, diagrammatic advanced signage explaining circle “exits” (short-term) Extend landscaped islands (short-term) Add traffic signals to all circle approaches (long-term)

Providing leading pedestrian interval (advanced pedestrian signal phase) Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add clear, diagrammatic advanced signage explaining circle “exits” (shortterm) Extend landscaped islands (short-term) Further detailed study necessary

Remove speeding issue along Brandywine at intersection; removal of awkward intersection; placemaking opportunity; increase in pervious surface and potential for low impact development; additional left turns from EB Brandywine to NB nd 42 St (low volumes) Improve pedestrian safety by providing crossing time with no vehicle conflicts Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

No bicycle facilities

N/A

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Chevy Chase Circle (Arterial Street) All major approaches Vehicle weaving; inadequate signage Connecticut Ave approaches Circle Large amount of impervious surface Congestion in and leading to circle, high accident rate, confusion over yielding, inadequate opportunities for pedestrians to enter circle

N/A

Reduced weaving and vehicle collisions

N/A

Additional landscaping More efficient traffic flow for some roads; improved pedestrian and vehicle safety; protected pedestrian crossings

Chevy Chase Pkwy (Local Street) Between Chevy Chase Circle No bicycle facilities and Fessenden St Davenport St Corridor (Local Street) Davenport St & Nebraska Motorists speeding Ave, Reno Rd, Connecticut Ave Garrison St Corridor (Local Street) Garrison St & Wisconsin Ave Motorists speeding

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add curb extensions to Davenport St approaches

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments Add curb extensions to Davenport St approaches

N/A

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance

Add paving or landscaping and curb extensions to Garrison St approaches

Add curb extensions to both Garrison St approaches to Wisconsin Ave Remove concrete and bricks over planting strip 3 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Landscaping has higher capital and maintenance costs

Reduce vehicle speeds by providing visual cue to drivers and by narrowing roadway; reduce pedestrian crossing distance; improve aesthetics; reduce impervious surface

Location  Garrison St & 44th St, 41st St  Garrison St & 39th St  Gates Rd (Local Street)  Between Chesapeake St and  30th St  Jenifer St (Local Street)  Between Western Ave and  Nebraska Ave  Livingston St (Local Street)  Between Western Ave and  Broad Branch Rd 

Reported Issue  Motorists speeding  Illegal turns; drivers failing to  yield  No bicycle facilities 

Initial Recommendation (10/2010)  Add curb extensions to all corners of  intersection  Add raised crosswalk to western leg of  intersection  Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding signs;  potential for other treatments  Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding signs;  potential for other treatments  Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding signs;  potential for other treatments  Paint a 4 to 6‐foot wide median 

Draft Final Recommendation (12/2010) No curb extensions No curb extensions

Reason for  Recommendation Change  Not at a collector or  arterial intersection  Lack of public support for  raised crosswalk  N/A

Expected Impacts  None   None

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding  signs; potential for other treatments  Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding  signs; potential for other treatments  Designate as bicycle boulevard: add  pavement markings and wayfinding  signs; potential for other treatments  Paint a 4 to 6‐foot wide median

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

No bicycle facilities 

N/A

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

No bicycle facilities 

N/A

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

Nevada Ave Corridor (Collector Street)  Nevada Ave between  Motorists speeding; wider  Morrison St and Nebraska  roadway  Ave  Nevada Ave between  Motorists speeding; wider  Western Ave and Nebraska  roadway  Ave  Nevada Ave between  No bike facilities  Western Ave and Nebraska  Ave  Northampton St Corridor (Local Street)  Northampton St &  Motorists speeding, aggressive  Connecticut Ave  driving 

N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by visually narrowing roadway,  channelizing traffic  Reduce vehicle speeds by visually narrowing roadway,  channelizing traffic  Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes

Paint parking lanes 

Paint parking lanes

N/A

Add bike sharrows in both directions 

Add bike sharrows in both directions

N/A

Add curb extensions to eastern  Northampton approach 

Northampton St & Broad  Motorists speeding, failing to  Branch Rd  yield  River Rd Corridor (Arterial Street)  River Rd & Western Ave  Congestion for westbound  traffic  River Rd & 45th St &  Fessenden St  Large intersection, poor  visibility  Poor visibility, motorists  speeding  River Rd & 44th St 

Add raised crosswalk across eastern leg of  intersection  Restrict parking during the AM rush hours  (PM rush is already restricted) in 4600  block  Change operations: 45th St to be one‐way  towards River Rd, Fessenden St to be one‐ way away from River Rd  Add curb extensions for all approaches;  construct them to channelize traffic to  follow new operation  Add curb extensions to all corners of  intersection 

Add curb extensions to eastern  Northampton approach      Add HAWK signal at intersection  Add raised crosswalk across eastern leg  of intersection  Restrict parking during the AM rush  hours (PM rush is already restricted) in  4600 block  No change in operations

Peak hour pedestrian  count showed 127 ped/hr  crossing CT, and half using  flags.   N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce  pedestrian crossing distance    Provide protected pedestrian crossing and improve pedestrian  safety  Reduced vehicle speeds due to vehicle deflection; improved  pedestrian visibility/safety  Provide more space for vehicles turning right; reduce  congestion  None

N/A

Lack of public support for  circulation change 

Poor visibility 

Add curb extensions to all four corners of  Channelizing no longer  the intersection  needed, circulation  remaining the same    Add curb extensions to all corners of  N/A intersection 

Reduce pedestrian crossing distance; improve pedestrian  visibility; reduce vehicle speeds due to narrowed roadway 

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing roadway; reduce  pedestrian crossing distance and improve pedestrian sight  lines   

4  www.rockcreekwest2livability.com 

 

Location River Rd between Western Ave and Wisconsin Ave

Reported Issue No bike facilities Motorists speeding

Initial Recommendation (10/2010) Add bike sharrows in both directions

Draft Final Recommendation (12/2010) Add bike sharrows in both directions Request permanent speed camera from MPD

Reason for Recommendation Change N/A Additional comments

Expected Impacts Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes Speed reduction by enforcement

Van Ness St Corridor (Collector Street) Van Ness St between Motorists speeding; wider Nebraska Ave and Wisconsin roadway Ave Van Ness St between No bike facilities Wisconsin Ave and Connecticut Ave Van Ness between Reno Rd Unclear lanes and International Ct Van Ness St & Connecticut Ave Pedestrian safety and vehicle congestion

Reconfigure road to include one travel lane in each direction, a parking lane on the north side, and an EB bike lane Add bike sharrows in both directions

Reconfigure road to include one travel lane in each direction, a parking lane on the north side, and an EB bike lane Add bike sharrows in both directions

N/A

Reduce vehicle speeds by narrowing lanes and adding other modes; improve cyclist safety; increase cyclist volumes Alert drivers to bicycle traffic; increased cyclist volumes

N/A

Add centerline to meet new raised median

Add centerline to meet new raised median Implement previous DDOT recommendations: increased pedestrian signal timing, right turn lane from EB Van Ness St to SB Connecticut Ave Add raised islands and reconfigure crosswalks to provide pedestrian refuges (short-term) Add channelizing islands and lane marking arrows (short-term) Add signage on approaches and within circle (short-term) Further detailed study necessary

N/A

Clarify lanes; reduce vehicle speeds be visually narrowing roadway Improved pedestrian safety; reduced vehicle congestion

Implement previous DDOT recommendations: increased pedestrian signal timing, right turn lane from EB Van Ness St to SB Connecticut Ave Add raised islands and reconfigure crosswalks to provide pedestrian refuges (short-term) Add channelizing islands and lane marking arrows (short-term) Add signage on approaches and within circle (short-term) Remove inner circle lanes and convert to traditional DC circle, add traffic signals to all circle approaches (long-term)

N/A

Ward Circle (Arterial Street) Nebraska Ave approaches

Pedestrian safety, failure to yield Vehicle weaving, unclear lane markings Unclear wayfinding

N/A

Reduced pedestrian crossing distance; more visible crosswalks; improved pedestrian safety Clarify lane assignments within the circle; eliminate some weaving; discourage prohibited movements Clarify lane assignments; reduce weaving and confusion Placemaking opportunity; restoration to traditional DC traffic circle

Circle

N/A N/A

High accident rate, inadequate pedestrian facilities, poor visibility, confusing configuration Western Ave Corridor (Arterial Street) th Western Ave & 45 St, River Pedestrians crossing mid-block Rd th Western Ave & 47 St Existing crosswalk leads to no sidewalk, forcing pedestrians th into 47 St Western Ave & Geico Rd Lack of pedestrian facilities; underutilized signal Yuma St (Local St) Between Massachusetts Ave and Connecticut Ave

Add high-visibility crosswalks at intersections, across Western Ave th Remove crosswalk across 47 St, add high visibility one across eastern leg of Western Ave None

Add high-visibility crosswalks at intersections, across Western Ave th Remove crosswalk across 47 St, add high visibility one across eastern leg of Western Ave Actuate signal for both vehicles and pedestrians, add crosswalks across Western Ave, add wheelchair ramps Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments

N/A N/A

Alert drivers to pedestrian crossings; encourage pedestrians to cross at crosswalks; improve pedestrian safety Direct pedestrians to proper paths/facilities; improve pedestrian safety Increase pedestrian safety by providing protected crossing and visible crosswalks

Additional study

No bicycle facilities

Designate as bicycle boulevard: add pavement markings and wayfinding signs; potential for other treatments

N/A

Reduced vehicle speeds due to visual cues; increased cyclists

5 www.rockcreekwest2livability.com

Conceptual Drawings of Select Recommendations
Conceptual engineering drawings were prepared for select recommendations. These drawings will help  advance individual projects. The drawings were prepared using DCGIS data and using DDOT’s Design and  Engineering Manual (April 2009 Edition). A planimetric field survey was not available. While conceptual  geometric layouts were developed using available information, proposals should be either field checked or  checked against a planimetric field survey to determine detailed impacts to stormwater drainage and other  utilities.   The drawings are presented on the following pages.        

Summary of Cost Estimates
The cost estimates presented in Section 5 are detailed in this section of the Appendix. The estimates are  planning level and order‐of‐magnitude, matching the level of design of the drawings, and should be used for  programming purposes only. The total cost for the RCW2 Livability Study recommendations is approximately  $9.4 million.  
Planning Level Construction Cost Estimate (2010USD) 36th and Davenport NW Improvements Curb Extensions Pavement Markings Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 131,353 1,882 9,600 142,835 7,142 7,142 21,425 14,283 35,709 22,854 252,000

36th and Ellicot NW Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 2,167 2,167 217 542 292 4,000

36th and Fessenden NW Improvements Pavement Markings Proposed Green Space Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 89 89,220 398 89,707 4,485 4,485 13,456 8,971 22,427 14,353 158,000

36th Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 63,523 63,523 3,176 6,352 15,881 8,893 98,000

40th and Fort NW Improvements Bus Stop Facilities Center Median Reconfiguration Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Pavement Markings Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 43,800 100,908 30,000 10,800 13,517 2,500 201,525 10,076 10,076 30,229 20,152 50,381 32,244 355,000

41st and Legation NW Improvements Removal of Visual Obstruction Subtotal Landscaping Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 1,000 1,000 50 250 130 2,000

41st and Livingston NW Improvements Signal Timing Modification Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 2,365 2,365 237 591 319 4,000

42nd and Albemarle NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Signal Timing Modification Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 137,029 9,600 2,365 148,994 7,450 7,450 22,349 14,899 37,249 23,839 263,000

42nd and Brandywine NW Improvements Proposed Green Space Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 154,322 60,000 9,600 223,922 11,196 11,196 33,588 22,392 55,981 35,828 395,000

42nd and Butterworth NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 68,515 4,800 73,315 3,666 3,666 10,997 7,331 18,329 11,730 130,000

42nd and Van Ness NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 34,257 2,400 36,657 1,833 1,833 5,499 3,666 9,164 5,865 65,000

42nd and Warren NW Improvements Miniroundabouts Curb Ramps Removal of Existing Curb Ramps Pavement Markings Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 40,000 7,200 18,896 4,356 1,500 71,953 3,598 3,598 10,793 7,195 17,988 11,512 127,000

42nd and Yuma NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 102,772 7,198 109,970 5,498 5,498 16,495 10,997 27,492 17,595 194,000

42nd Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 17,843 17,843 892 1,784 4,461 2,498 28,000

43rd and Albemarle NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 257,029 9,600 266,629 13,331 13,331 39,994 26,663 66,657 42,661 470,000

43rd and River NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 64,257 2,400 66,657 3,333 3,333 9,999 6,666 16,664 10,665 118,000

43rd and Van Ness NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 34,257 2,400 36,657 1,833 1,833 5,499 3,666 9,164 5,865 65,000

43rd Street NW Corridor Improvements Pavement Markings Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 10,574 50 10,824 541 1,082 2,706 1,515 17,000

44th and River NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 257,029 9,600 266,629 13,331 13,331 39,994 26,663 66,657 42,661 470,000

44th Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 94,820 94,820 4,741 9,482 23,705 13,275 147,000

45th, River, and Fessenden NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 206,253 14,400 220,653 11,033 11,033 33,098 22,065 55,163 35,305 389,000

46th and Fessenden NW Improvements Pavement Markings Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 162 500 662 33 66 165 93 2,000

Albemarle Street NW Corridor Improvements Remove Mid-block Crossing Traffic Calming Device Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 15,950 10,560 11,133 37,643 1,882 3,764 9,411 5,270 58,000

Brandywine and 46th NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 128,515 4,800 133,315 6,666 6,666 19,997 13,331 33,329 21,330 235,000

Brandywine and Wisconsin NW Improvements Signal Timing Modification Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 2,365 2,365 237 591 319 4,000

Brandywine Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 32,550 32,550 1,628 3,255 8,138 4,557 51,000

Chesapeake Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 52,846 52,846 2,642 5,285 13,212 7,398 82,000

Chevy Chase Circle NW (Short Term) Improvements Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 350,000 350,000 17,500 17,500 52,500 35,000 87,500 56,000 616,000

Chevy Chase Circle NW (Long Term) Improvements Traffic Signals Pedestrian Crossing Signals Curb Ramps Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 591,295 10,196 9,600 1,882 612,972 30,649 30,649 91,946 61,297 153,243 98,076 1,079,000

Chevy Chase Parkway NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 70,269 70,269 3,513 7,027 17,567 9,838 109,000

Davenport and Connecticut NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 128,515 2,400 130,915 6,546 6,546 19,637 13,091 32,729 20,946 231,000

Davenport and Nebraska NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 34,257 2,400 36,657 1,833 1,833 5,499 3,666 9,164 5,865 65,000

Davenport and Reno NW Improvements Vegetated Curb Extensions Curb Ramps Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 128,515 2,400 130,915 6,546 6,546 19,637 13,091 32,729 20,946 231,000

Garrison and Wisconsin NW Improvements Remove and Replace Parking Meters New Planting Strips Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 1,899 9,382 1,500 12,781 639 639 1,917 1,278 3,195 2,045 23,000

Gates Road NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 13,212 13,212 661 1,321 3,303 1,850 21,000

Jennifer Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 55,016 55,016 2,751 5,502 13,754 7,702 85,000

Livingston Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 35,635 35,635 1,782 3,563 8,909 4,989 55,000

Nevada Avenue NW Corridor Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 70,500 70,500 3,525 7,050 17,625 9,870 109,000

Northampton and Broad Branch NW Improvements Raised Crosswalk Subtotal Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 8,157 8,157 408 1,224 816 2,039 1,264 14,000

Northampton and Connecticut NW Improvements Curb Extensions Curb Ramps HAWK Signal Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 17,129 2,400 215,800 235,329 11,766 11,766 35,299 23,533 58,832 37,653 415,000

River and Western NW Improvements Traffic Signs Subtotal Landscaping Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 500 500 25 125 65 1,000

River Road NW Corridor Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 4,758 4,758 238 476 1,190 666 8,000

Van Ness Street NW Corridor Improvements Signal Timing Modification Pavement Markings Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 2,365 17,413 19,779 1,978 4,945 2,670 30,000

Ward Circle NW (Short Term) Improvements Traffic Signs Signal Timing Modification (LPI) Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 200,000 4,730 204,730 10,237 10,237 30,710 20,473 51,183 32,757 361,000

Ward Circle NW (Long Term) Improvements Signal Timing Modification Traffic Signals Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 4,730 591,295 1,668 597,693 29,885 29,885 89,654 59,769 149,423 95,631 1,052,000

Western and 45th NW Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 1,506 1,506 151 377 203 3,000

Western and 47th NW Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 4,711 4,711 471 1,178 636 7,000

Western and Geico NW Improvements Pedestrian Crossing Signal Traffic Signals Curb Ramps Pavement Markings Subtotal Landscaping Erosion and Sediment Control Drainage and Utility Relocation Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 10,196 295,647 4,800 1,506 312,150 15,607 15,607 46,822 31,215 78,037 49,944 550,000

Western and River Improvements Pavement Markings Subtotal Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 1506 1506 151 377 203 3,000

Yuma Street NW Corridor Improvements Bike Boulevard Subtotal Landscaping Maintenance of Traffic Contingencies Mobilization TOTAL Estimated Cost (2010 USD) 70,354 70,354 3,518 7,035 17,589 9,850 109,000

 

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful