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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Modern Arnis
A guró (Filipino, "teacher") wielding rattan sticks used in Arnis
Also known as Focus Country of origin Creator Parenthood Olympic sport
Arnis Stick fighting Philippines Remy Presas Eskrima, Judo, Karate, Small Circle Jujitsu No
Modern Arnis is the system of Filipino martial arts founded by the late Remy Presas as a selfdefense system. His goal was to create an injury-free training method as well as an effective selfdefense system in order to preserve the older Arnis systems. The term Modern Arnis was also used by Remy Presas' younger brother Ernesto Presas to describe his style of Filipino martial arts; since 1999 Ernesto Presas has called his system Kombatan. It is derived principally from the traditional Presas family style of the Bolo (machete) and the stick-dueling art of Balintawak Eskrima, with influences from other Filipino and Japanese martial arts. Arnis is the Philippines' national martial art and sport, after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed the Republic Act. No. 9850 in 2009. The Act mandates the Department of Education to include the sport as a Physical Education course. Arnis will also be included among the priority sports in Palarong Pambansa (National Games) beginning 2010.
  History Remy Presas studied his family's system from an early age. where it is known as "limb destruction". it discouraged many would-be practitioners who found this training too painful and injury-inducing. unarmed defenses against the stick and against bladed weapons (which the stick is sometimes taken to represent) are a part of the curriculum. However. which varies in size. however. Shotokan Karate. called a cane or baston (baton). In addition to partner drills. This had the advantage of being the preferred method in actual combat. elements of Judo. the cane was considered sacred by practitioners (Arnisadores). smoothly reacting to changing situations in the fight ("the flow"). in most areas of the Philippines. which attracted more newcomers to the art and also allowed the art to be taught in the Philippines' school system. and in practical application. with an emphasis on the former. and countering the opponent's attempt to counter strikes directed at him ("tapi-tapi"). etc. and therefore an arnis practitioner was expected to hit his cane at the hand or forearm of his sparring partner and not at the latter's cane. Practitioners are called arnisadors or Modern Arnis players. He taught the method of hitting cane-on-cane during practice. achieving high rank in each. Both single and double stick techniques are taught. It is said that. Other aspects of the art include espada y daga (sword and dagger fighting). "Defanging the snake" remains a principle of Modern Arnis. Modern Arnis includes the use of anyo (kata). throwing. The result was that the Filipino martial arts became in danger of dying out. locking. originally. that is. Emphasis is placed on fitting the art in with a student's previous training ("the art within your art").• • • • • • 2 History 3 Belt ranks 4 Organizations 5 See also 6 Reference 7 External links  Training One of the characteristics of Filipino martial arts is the use of weapons from the very beginning of training and Modern Arnis is no exception. Remy Presas' modernization of the training method was intended to help preserve the Filipino martial arts.  In addition to its Filipino influences. and tapi-tapi (locking drills with the stick). The technique can be used empty-handed. Japanese martial arts such as Karate and Judo were much more popular than the indigenous systems. but he simultaneously . making the opponent drop his weapon so that he is less of a threat. and Wally Jay's Small Circle Jujutsu appear in the system. referred to as "defanging the snake". one would typically strike the hand or arm. He went on to study the Japanese systems of Shotokan Karate and Judo.) as well as the trademark single and double stick techniques of the Filipino martial arts. sinawali (double stick weaving patterns). solo forms both with and without the stick. Training covers empty-hand self-defense (striking. but is usually about 28 inches (71 cm) in length. The primary weapon is the rattan stick.
in technique and in emphasis. Roland Dantes. His desire to reinvigorate interest in his country's traditional martial art grew over time. the art remained largely united under the founder. many locks from Small Circle Jujitsu were added to Modern Arnis. the Datus were expected to take leadership roles that might see them move in different. Gaby Roloff. Those who trained with Remy Presas in the United States in the 1970s and early 1980s experienced the art differently from those who began training in the late 1990s. though it always retained a focus on the single stick and on general self-defense. one headed by Randi Shea and one headed by Jeff Delaney. and perhaps less conventional. Chuck Gauss. – and also produced books and videos. The IMAF. and Brian Zawilinski. Remy Presas' frequent instructions to "make the art your own". Kelly Worden and Ric "Bong" Jornales (of Arnis Sikaran) (all in the 1980s). however. meaning a chieftain or leader. He was assisted by individuals such as those who now are on the Modern Arnis Senior Masters Council: Rodel Dagooc. and/or specific authority . their rank or title. The art continued to grow and change. Beginning with a small gymnasium in Bacolod in the 1950s. but the founder created a variety of titles that indicated some level of organizational or leadership authority in the art (as opposed to titles such as guro ("teacher") or Punong Guro ("Head teacher") that recognized teaching and/or technical ability). until political considerations forced him to relocate to North America. There he met Wally Jay. During this time he also experimented with different forms of titles and leadership in the art. and Tim Hartman and Dieter Knuettel increased the independence of their organizations (the WMAA and DAV. Most prominent among these titles were Datu. In the wake of the 2001 death of Remy Preas. Oregon. He continued to develop and spread his art. In particular. there has been a splintering of the remaining leadership of Modern Arnis. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s he traveled extensively for seminars – the principal form of instruction in the system was through weekend training camps held around the world but especially in the U. In 1969 he moved to Manila at the request of a government official. Through 2001. George Dillman. including via books. Randi Schea. most notably Venancio Bacon's Balintawak . In the United States. and Master of TapiTapi.studied a variety of other Filipino systems. Jim Ladis. Presas and his siblings also formed a group following his father's death. previously the organization of record for North American Modern Arnis practitioners. respectively). split into two subgroups. Dan Anderson formed another branch of the art which he calls "Modern Arnis 80" and runs this out of Gresham. the International Modern Arnis Federation (IMAF) was the principal organization as far as certification was concerned. other individuals feel that the dynamic structure of the art. the remaining five Masters of Tapi-Tapi continue to be associated with the former group. Tim Hartman and David Hoffman (both in 2000). Ken Smith. awarded in this order to Shishir Inocalla. Vincente Sanchez. He also taught the art at the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos. While both IMAFs have claimed that rank must be certified through them to be valid. and formed the Modern Arnis Federation of the Philippines.S. and he began making modifications and improvements to what he had learned. Rene Tongson and Cristino Vasquez. Other groups. such as that headed by Kelly Worden. Remy Presas' son Remy P. had become independent well before the founder's death (and with his support). and other martial artists who influenced his development of the art of Modern Arnis. Dieter Knuettel (1996). awarded to Jeff Delaney. he attempted to spread the art to the local youth as both a cultural legacy and a form of physical development or sport. The International Modern Arnis Federation Philippines would come to be the lead Modern Arnis organization in the Philippines. and the Deutschen Arnis Verband of Germany would be the lead organization in Europe. The Masters of Tapi-Tapi titles were created to provide leadership and steerage for the IMAF following Remy Presas' passing. Jerry dela Cruz. directions.
. Walo (pronounced as "wah-loh". Lima (pronounced as li-mah. literally means "nine") 10. Sampu (pronounced as sam-po. while others are promoting variations of Modern Arnis. For men the rank is referred to as Lakan (Tagalog for male) while for women it is referred to as Dayang (Tagalog for "female"). a first degree black belt in Modern Arnis would be referred to as either a Lakan Isa or a Dayang Isa. literally means "four") 5. Tim Hartman and Dieter Knüttel. The title Guro is typically given to all Lakans and Dayangs. etc. There are some minor variations between organizations as to the exact number of belts.  Belt ranks Modern Arnis uses a ranking system similar to the Dan ranks used in Karate or other Japanese systems. In particular. The "zero-degree" rank. Current practitioners of Modern Arnis or arts strongly influenced by Modern Arnis who head their own organization or group or are otherwise prominent include: Jeff Delaney. Commissioner. Isa (pronounced as i-sah or e-sah. the situation is analogous to what occurred in the Jeet Kune Do and American Kenpo communities following the deaths of their popular and charismatic founders. titles such as Datu. depending on the organization. literally means "seven") 8.literally means "five") 6. They are numbered in Tagalog: 1. literally means "six") 7. Labing-isa (in some organizations) (pronounced as lah-bing-i-sah. The art is healthy and continues to attract students. Dalawa (pronounced dah-la-wah. in keeping with its "modern" approach. which literally means "one") 2. is referred to as simply Lakan or Dayang. have occasionally been granted to certain high-ranking individuals. In addition to rank.  Organizations . some groups use a plain black belt. literally means "three") 4. if used. the question of how high-ranking arnisadors should test for higher rank has been settled by different organizations in different ways. as literally means "two") 3. The actual name of the ranks is gender-specific. Pito (pronounced as pi-toh.granted to them by the founder. Anim (pronounced as ah-neem. However. however. There are 10 or 11 black belt ranks in Modern Arnis . Tatlo (pronounced as tat-loh. Thus. In many ways. Punong Guro. literally means "eleven") Many groups use a "zero-degree" black belt rank as a probationary stage that comes before Isa. Senior Master. In some cases this has caused controversy. literally means "eight") 9. depending on his or her gender. Siyam (pronounced as si-yam. the fact remains that several groups are promoting what they see as 'traditional' Modern Arnis. Apat (pronounced as Ah-pat. literally means "ten") 11. Master of Tapi-Tapi. mean that they are entitled to head their own organizations or groups that teach their own interpretation of the art. The black belt is traditionally bordered with red.
with some of the largest being the DAV of Germany. the International Modern Arnis Federation (IMAF) under Randi Schea. Canada. the United States. but there are practitioners in many other nations.Modern Arnis is currently perpetuated by a number of organizations worldwide. Countries where the art is most popular include the Philippines. and Germany. . and the World Modern Arnis Alliance (WMAA).
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