A Account for: To explain how/why. To give reasons. ex.

"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."

B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."


Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."

Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."

Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."

Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"


" Break down: To stop working / functioning. but he was brought up in Los Angeles. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration. etc. etc. most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up. They broke up last week. ex." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. ex.): To escape." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion). ex. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that." (2) To raise. ex." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock. move into different areas (when speaking about a business. "Michael broke out of prison last week." Break out (from prison." Brush off: To ignore.) ex. "He brushed off every criticism. "He was born in Houston. "My car broke down on the highway yesterday." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time." Branch out: To explore new things. ex.Bounce back: To recover. ex. "The stock market will bounce back. ex. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month." 5 . ex. "Fiona and Colin are no longer together. ex.) ex. "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs. but we want to branch out into making envelopes." (2) To end a personal relationship. "We were selling postcards. etc." Brighten up: To become better. window.

Call up: When speaking of soldiers. . ex. To make someone relax. "They called off the game because of the rain. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. "Hey." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively. ex. "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. ex." C Call for: To require.)." Burn down: To completely destroy by fire. 6 ." 2) To like someone or something." Calm down: To relax. "That house burned down last year. "I bumped into her at the party last night. I'm not buying into what he says." Carry off: To pull off.Requested to report for duty. ex. ex. ex." Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation. "I don't really care for Thai food. "I'm not gullible. don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust. it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect. "Calm down. etc. an action). "He cared for his sick father for three years. etc. ex. stress. ex. ex. etc. To become exhausted. "My brother was called up last week.

We hadn't seen each other for a year. etc. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on. make money from sth. check out this website . since I was away from school for 2 weeks. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing. "Dr. girlfriend." Cash in on (sth. ex. ex. "Hey. ex.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel." 7 . so we had a lot of catching up to do." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. To give the reason for (something). etc." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way." Carry out: To perform. ex. wife." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel. "Don't worry about losing your wallet. "She caught on after a few minutes. airport. etc." Check out: 1) To investigate. Williams carried out the procedure. To accept after being pressured and finally convinced. ex.): To profit. ex." Catch on: To slowly start to understand. etc. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday. ex. take a look at. ex. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is. airport. Cave in: To give in. ex. ex. Just chalk it up to bad luck. ex. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM.

) ex. Chip in: To contribute." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere)." Clean up: To clean. etc." Chill out: To relax. "Wow." Come about: To happen. "I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant. To tidy up. ex.To make someone feel better. Clear up: To become sunny.Cheer up: To become cheerful. To cheer someone up . ex." Close down: To close a place permanently. but he cleared everything up for me. (weather) ex. ex. but he chickened out. "The rebels were closing in on the city. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room. Come across: To find (by chance. "He was going to say something to the teacher. ex. ex. the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear. ex. ex." Close in: To approach. "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down. but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear. "I didn't understand at first. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. understandable." Chicken out: To initially want to do something." 8 . come close (physically).

etc.You can come along if you like." Come out: 1) To release (a book. "I'm going to the mall . ex. ex. ex. Come off as: To give the impression of being. ex. "He came by last night. CD. "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize." 2) To progress. "That issue never came up during out conversation. "She came down with the flu." Come to: To regain consciousness. To visit." Come forth: To appear. Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation).". ex. ex." Come apart: To fall apart. "He came out to his parents last summer. To break. Come back: To return." Come down with: To catch (an illness)." 9 . "The Killers are coming out with a new CD. "How's your project coming along. ex. "He comes off as being quite successful.) ex. ex. To drop by. ex." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill.Come along: 1) To accompany someone. To pay a visit. "What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over.

you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" ." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on." 10 . although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military. ex.) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her." Cross out: To put lines through something written. ex. ex. ex." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane. ex. "Cross out your name. drawn. ex. a plan). "He decided against joining the military. ex. When speaking: To interrupt. ex.Come up against: To encounter (a problem. "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me." Count on: To rely or depend on. etc. stop someone when s/he is speaking. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking. an opponent." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization. ex. blocking their way. Also "to run off". "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book. to realize. "We'll have to back on certain things this month. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something).You have to say "He decided to join the military." Cut down on: To reduce." IMPORTANT: In English. "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly. etc.

boys. "He dozed off for a couple of hours." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret. ex.Die down: To diminish in intensity." Doze off: To fall asleep. The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense. ex. ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign. to button. just dive in. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while." Do over: To do again. ex." Dig in: To start eating. "Don't think about it." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically. ex.to fasten. ex." Die for (something): To really want (something). he was able to lead a normal life again. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism." Do away with: To abolish." 11 . ex. ex. "Dig in. give out. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now. often without planning ahead." Do up: When talking about clothes . "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something.You'll have to do it over. "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty. "After the controversy died down. etc. ex. ex.

"I love dressing up to go to the theater. ex. ex." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. "The new policies drove up prices. etc. ex.)." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school. "His speech was really drawn out." Drag on: To last much longer than expected. rates. etc. "She dropped out of school last year. To create. ex. "My parents dropped by last Saturday. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday." Drop off: To deliver someone or something. ex. but now she wants to go back." Dream up: To invent. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium." Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly. To cause to increase (prices." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary. "I thought that film would be short. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out". ex. but it really dragged on. ex." 12 . To make up. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM. ex. ex.) ex. Drift off: To . ex." Draw up: To organize." Drive up: To raise.

etc. contract. Often has a slightly negative connotation." End up: To finish up. ex. ex. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things. outside the home. "I don't feel like going out tonight . become legally committed to (an agreement. he embarked upon a new project." 13 . ex. "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. "David loves going to new restaurants . ex. ex." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something. "We wanted to go to the mountains. ex. "David edged out the other runners and won the race.he eats out almost every night." Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important.let's eat in. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance. barely." Eat out: To eat at restaurants." Embark upon: To start.Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something." Enter into: To accept. To finally be/do something. ex. ex. but we ended up going to the beach instead. To become less intense. commence." Eat in: To eat at home. ex.) ex. "As soon as he finished his contract. "The senator eased off on his attacks." Edge out: To defeat.

" Fall off: To decrease. ex. "The other runners fell behind. ex. ex. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out. ex.F Face off: To go head to head." Feel out: To try to determine." Fall out: To argue. "Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. "The two teams will face off again next week. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war." Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. ex. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors." Fall back on: To have as a backup. "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something)." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true. competition. To engage in a game. sexual way. you have to face up to what you did. "Jim's a very moody person. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with." Face up to: To accept responsibility for. fight to the ex." Fall through: To not happen. ex. etc. To have in case of an emergency. 14 . ex. ex. "In order to be a responsible person. ex. "He fell for her.

fight back." Fill in for: To substitute for.): To successfully resist."." Fire away: Mostly used as a command. ex. "I'm a rebel." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application. Fit in: To belong or conform to some group. I don't fit in. ex. etc.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to. as in an email. ex. ex. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application. ex. Figure out: To solve or understand something." Find out: To discover. "Fire away. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. etc. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me. body mass.) ex. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday. "The party just kind of fizzled out. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years. ex. ex." 15 ." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. "I can find my way around Houston very easily. Peter out. ex. a letter. etc." Fire off: To send very quickly." Fill in: To complete (in writing. "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing. etc." 2) To gain weight.) ex. Fight off. form. but Tom filled in for me. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that. etc. etc.

"Her mother and her sister ganged up on me. ex. ex." 16 . ex." 2) To kiss and touch." 2) To move from place to place. joke around. "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning. ex." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with. anger. ex. ex. ex. etc. ex. "He flipped through the newspaper. "The kids were fooling around outside." Flip through: To look. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier." Fool around: 1) To play. glance through very quickly. "In this city you need a car to get around. but I just couldn't get my message across to her. seeing what's on TV." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something.). ex." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion. usually in order to check progress." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . "I tried and I tried. "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. They kept blaming me for everything. so you better start studying. verbally or physically. but I don't get along with his brother. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party. etc. "You can't get around taking this exam. To be friendly toward.to go from one TV channel to the next. "I like James. discuss details.ex.

"What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free. "There's no point in going out to see that movie . ex. To come home.eg. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet. ex. "I can't get over the fact that she left me." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" . "We have to get off at the next bus stop. etc." Get by: To survive (financially). "What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM.") Get off: To leave (bus." Get away: To escape. ex.) ex. ex. ex." 17 . she gave away all her furniture. ex.eg. etc.) ex. to start to support. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about. ex. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making. "The bank robbers got away. "I'm sorry. "Everyone got behind the plan. ex." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed." Get on: To enter (bus." Get behind: To support. plane. "Sarah got out of the car.") Get on: To continue. "We got on the train in Paris. "When Nancy found out she was moving. plane. ex. "Sarah got in the truck." Get in: To come/arrive." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" .Nancy gave away the ending yesterday." 1) To reveal.

etc. ex. ex.) ex. tell me the rest of the story. "Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor." Go off: 1) To explode. club." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities . ex. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it. "When I first heard that CD. stop trying. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you.) ex. ex. ex.bar. but it's beginning to grow on me.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something). a light) ex. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave." Go on: To continue." 2) To stop burning (a fire). warning siren." 18 . "I told him to go away. concede." Give off: To release (a smell. restaurant. ex. alarm. ex. "Let's go over your test. ex." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with. etc. "My cousin loves to party. "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up." Give up: To surrender. To be boyfriend and girlfriend. ex. "After the fire went out. I really hate it." 2) To start (signal. etc. "Go on. She goes out every night. "The bomb could go off at any moment. but he wouldn't leave. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. "You should always keep trying. it became very cold.

"These days children grow up too fast. ex. ex. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver." Hold on: To wait." H Hand in To submit (a report." Hold up: 1) To delay. "My sister is very upset. e-mail." Hold off on: To delay. "William. "Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club. ex.Grow up: To be raised. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute. please hand these copies out to the class. To wait. assignment. ex. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. etc. ex. ex." Hear from: To receive news from (phone call." 19 . "I grew up in San Diego. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me. she loves to hang out in the mall. ex. "I have never heard of that band. ex." Hit on: To flirt with someone. ex."." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry. "I'm sorry we're late. "Like most teenagers." 2) To rob. We got held up at the airport. essay)." Hang on: To hold on. letter. To become an adult. ex.) ex. ex. "I have never heard of that band.

ex. ex. a price. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product." Inch away: To back off." J Jack up To raise (a physical object." Inch along: To move along very slowly. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war." Jump all over: To seriously scold.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny. ex. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends." Joke around: To kid. ex. To work out. To move away." 20 . "He was just joking around.) ex. ex. etc. To be humorous." I Iron out To eliminate. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity. ex. "We hooked up last weekend. "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season.

ex.k Keel over: To fall over and faint. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry. ex." Kick out: To throw out. To knock (someone) down . To have access to. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop. you're on vacation . "He knocked him down with one punch. ex.that driver seems like he's drunk." Keep back: To maintain a distance. "They kicked him out of school.just kick back and relax." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up ." Knock down: To destroy. "Keep back ." Keep out: To prevent from entering." Keep on: To continue. "I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat." Kick off: To start.". "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up. ex. ex. "They knocked down that wall during the renovation. or to do the required work on time. ex. "Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club.To make someone stay awake. etc. "Hey." 21 . ex. ex.To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit." Keep around To have handy." Kick around: To think about. "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert. ex. "The party kept me up all night. ex." Kick back: To relax." 2) To manage to stay on schedule. To expel. ex. ex.

"He really let me down by not showing up on Friday. while knowing that it will not." 22 . ex." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow." Let on: To pretend." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette. ex." Let up: To lose some intensity. "He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired. But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint. "General Motors had to lay off 3. we should lay down some rules. ex. "In Los Angeles. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants. half the city had been flooded.Knock out: To make unconscious. ex. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. "By the time the storm let up." 2) To illuminate. ex. "The stars lit up the sky." 2) To stop using. ex. "I thought she really liked me. "You should really lay off the alcohol. ex. "If you would like to stay here. ex. ex." L Lay down: To establish.000 workers last month." Lie down: To recline and rest. ex. ex. "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes. act. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen." Lay into: To criticize (severely). ex.

" Look after: To take care of." M Make fun of: To laugh at. email account. 23 . To make jokes about. "The two college students were making out in the park. "I tried to look that word up. ex. "The other kids always made fun of John. etc. ex. ex. ex. "They let him out of the hospital on Friday." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately). "Arrogant people often look down on others. but it wasn't in the dictionary." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary. ex. "He always mumbles . "The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain. ex." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance. "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him.I can never make out what he's saying. ex. "It's hard to live on bread and water alone. inferior." Make of: To understand/ interpret." Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer." Live on: To survive on.) ex. ex." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse." Look up to: 1) To admire. ex.Let out: Release. etc. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand. ex.

with someone. ex." Mark down: To lower a price. "All these items have been marked down. "They had a big fight. She moved in with her mother." Make up for: To compensate for. ex. ex." Move on: To continue. What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment. house. ex. etc." Mess up: To spoil. invent." 24 . ex. "Sarah moved out last month. To get it wrong. "Tom moved in with his girlfriend. "Let's move on. "These new products don't measure up to our standards. ex. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. but then they made up right away. ex. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses." Mix up: To confuse. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie. to cause trouble (informal). etc. house. "I hate this restaurant.Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. they always mix up my order. ex." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality. ex. ex." 2) To reconcile. Make up: 1) To fabricate." Mark up: To increase a price. They are on sale. They made her out to be some kind of monster. ex." Move in: To start living in an apartment.

" P Pan out: To happen." Pass away: To die." Nail down: To make sure. "His grandfather passed away last month. To occur.". "She was named after her great grandmother. ex." O Occur to: To come to one's mind. ex." Own up: To take the blame for. ex. ex. ex. ex. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. "It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly. To finalize. "We're still trying to nail down the specifics. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting. To make one realize. to take a cat nap. ex. ex. "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did.N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous). to pry. ex. "He can pass for being Italian. "I don't usually open up to people this way. ex." 25 ." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone). "I hate it when my brother noses around my room." Nose around: To look for something (secret). "He's 37. but he can pass for 30." Nod off: To fall asleep.

ex. To get revenge.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit." 2) To not take or accept. "The police were obviously paid off to stay away. "The woman passed out from the heat." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by. To make something sound more important. ex. "I have to pick the kids up at school. ex. ex." Pay off: 1) To complete payment. ex." 2) To notice. ex. ex." Pay back: To repay." 26 . "He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood." Play down: To diminish the significance of. To make something sound less important. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. ex. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money. ex. ex. but I'll pass on the pants. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different." Pass out: 1) To faint. To intentionally make someone upset." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car). ex. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night. ex. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship. "The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report. "He passed the news on to the president." 2) To distribute." 2) To bribe." Pick on: To harass. "I'll buy the blouse. ex. ex. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers.

etc. ex. and get it over with. To bring to someone's attention. "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. unrealistic." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable. ." Polish off: To finish." Pull over: When driving . "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it." 27 . "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat. "Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti. ex. ex." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way . I was sure she was going to fail.) ex. "I can't believe she pulled it off.often as a joke/for fun). did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada. ex. ex. hard to do. "The Killers put out a new CD last month. I have to go to the bathroom. Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone). To park." Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him.To release. ex. etc.To stop. ex. "Pull over by those bushes." Pull in: To drive in. ex.Point out: To indicate." Put out: When speaking about CDs.

"It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate. ex. people will just roll in automatically." Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet. "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home.the owner will try to rip you off. "I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip. To reveal someone's secret. "We told the construction workers to quiet down. ex." 28 . "Don't read too much into what she said. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on. "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. "Don't go into that store ." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity. "I can't put up with his behavior any longer. ex. ex. To swindle. ex. ex." Rip off: To cheat." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said. ex. ex. To allow someone to sleep in your home. ex. I'm sure she was just kidding." R Rat on: To be an informer.

ex. ex. and both times he was elected. "Bill Clinton ran for president twice." Rub off: To transmit to someone. ex. ex. "When the cops arrived. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year." Save up for (something): To save money for (something)." Run for: To campaign for. ex." Run out of: To have no more. To let someone know about something. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive. ex. leave." Rule out: To eliminate. "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away. "John sailed through his Math exam.Rough up: To hurt physically. leave quickly without permission. to use up completely. ex. "He ran away from home when he was 16. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit. To try to become elected as. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President." Run away: To escape. ex. test. interview. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something." S Sail through: To finish an exam. easily. ex." Run into: To meet (by accident). "They ran off without paying the bill." 29 . ex. ex. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house. "John was saving up for a new motorcycle.

to do something badly. "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes. "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies. ex. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians. "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine. ex. ex. etc. "They came to see us off at the train station. ex. but then they sold out. but he just scraped by. "I liked this band when they first came out. ex. gather. ex. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning. "The whole trip set us back $2." See to: To make sure that (something happens). I'll see myself out.) ex.Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. We're sending him off on Saturday." 30 ." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do. at the place they are leaving from)." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door.000. artists. ex. ex." Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. to come say goodbye to someone (esp. "It's OK." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party. ex. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test. "Mike's finally leaving. ex. to take leave of someone. = It's OK. find. You don't have to come with me to the door." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. "I'll see to it that he gets your message." See through: To not be fooled by." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone)." Scrape together: To collect.

"He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning. "He wanted $20. ex. ex. ex. "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room. "I don't really know the city . etc. doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive." 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above).To outdo. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand). etc. ex. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something. etc. ex. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 ." Shape up: To develop. ex. "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. ex. "The killer claimed that he had been set up. to outperform. ex. to make someone seem worse. "He just loves to show off his car. neighborhood.) go off." 2) To show (someone) up . ex." 1) To calm down." 2) To falsely incriminate someone." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city. alarm. "I like to shop around before I buy something. To be very proud about something. "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically)." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". but he settled for $15. but it didn't work out. ex. ex.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. "All my rowdy friends have settled down. ex. ex. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are.Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb." Shop around: To look for the best price. start.

"He just kept talking and talking. I sided with my sister. To become felt/understood. ex." Sign up (for something): To register. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in.Shut down: To close permanently." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name." Sink in: To become clear/evident." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict. used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing." This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City. "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't. ex." . etc. "My sister tends to shy away from things like that. "We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week. ex. ex." Shut up: To be/ make quiet." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything. ex. ex." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid. He never knows when to shut up. Sit down: To sit. 32 . ex. Sign off on (something): To approve. "They shut down that restaurant last year.

" Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly." Sit in on (a meeting. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up. "Let me sleep on it.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away. ex.): To attend as an observer. "I'm going to sit this game out. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide. "John has been slacking off recently. ex. "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to." Slip out: To sneak out. ex.) quietly/without making a sound. ex. ex. "I slept until 11:00 AM this morning. ex. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week. = Mary slept here last night. "Hey." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something). ex. etc." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). ex. "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting. ex. To leave (a place." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house. 33 . ex. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking." Sit out: To not participate." Slip up: To make a mistake. etc. "Mary slept over last night." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal.

"We sorted our differences and became friends again." 34 . disturbed." Stamp out: To eliminate. ex.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. ex." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully. ex. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal. "VIP stands for very important person." 2) To go in separate directions. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic. ex. Sort out: To resolve. ex. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools. ex. ex." Stand for: To represent." Speak up: To speak more loudly. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. "Please speak up. or agitated way. ex. ex. ex. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent." Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me." Sober up: To become sober. I don't have to spell it out for you. "It's pretty obvious. "Hey. I can't hear you." Sound off: To express one's views and opinions.

ex. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends. "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing. ex. Stay over: To sleep over. "I'm sorry.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). ex." Start out: To begin. Stay on: To remain. "He started out as a dishwasher. ex. Not to go to bed.) ex.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully. "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday." Step in: To break up (a fight." Step down: To leave a job.): to actively support (a cause. "Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake. etc. position. etc. etc. ex. Johnson stepped out for a bit. argument. He'll be back in 30 minutes." 35 ." Stay in: To stay at home." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd. ex. To not go out." Stand up for (a cause. ex. Mr. etc. To sleep at someone's house overnight.

ex. "John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money. T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way). "I'm sorry. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards." Take apart: To disassemble. "She really takes after her father. "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it. Mr. Johnson stepped out for a bit. but the phone company straightened it our for me. ex. "I think I'll stick around for a bit." 36 . effectiveness." Take care of: 1) To provide care for." Tag along: To accompany (someone)." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form ." Take after: To resemble (a person). ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill. etc. ex. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on."to be taken aback")." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception. "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees. ex. ex. ex. ex." Stick around: To not go anywhere." 2) To assume responsibility for doing. "She took the computer apart." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er).Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time). ex. "I was taken aback by his reaction. He'll be back in 30 minutes. To make something less confusing. ex. ex. "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity.

etc. "I took on another project. ex. ex. ex. from the library. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English.) ex. restaurant." 2) To process. ex. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. "Take this down. ex. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors. "I think I'm going to take off ." 2) To leave. remember (when someone is teaching you something). "All this information is just too much to take in at one time. obtain." Take up: To start (a habit. To accept. ex. ex. ex." 3) To get." Take on: To assume.) ex. ex. "The mafia took him out.". "After Jim retired. ex.I'm really tired. Nancy took over the family business. "Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM." 37 . cd. "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over. ex. "They took in two stray cats. etc. etc." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry." Take off: 1) To remove. insurance. ex." 4) To arrange to have someone killed. even though that someone is not the cause of the anger. hobby." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe. "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday. To split." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket)." 2) To borrow a book." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something. ex. "We took out a life insurance policy." Take in: 1) To shelter.Take down: To write (down). (money from an ATM. etc. "He took up bowling.

or aggressive way.. like they were less intelligent than you." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate. ex.) ex. etc. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way." Tear into: To criticize severely. ex. ex. ex." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper.) into pieces. my brother would tell on me. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son. ex.Talk back: To respond in a rude. ex. ex. "I was going to buy a Mazda." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely). but my cousin talked me out of it. "The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it." Talk (something) over: To discuss. instructions." 38 . ex. ex." Tell on: To report bad behavior." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something. but I have to talk it over with my husband. "He talked me into buying a Mazda. etc." Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something. "It's a good deal. "He always talks down to his little brother.

ex. ex.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone." 2) To be busy.) ex. ex." Tone down: To makes less extreme. ex.Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). Mr. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. "If you drink too much alcohol. ex. but it's not going to work. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked." Touch down: To land. "I know you're doing that just to throw me off." 39 . etc. plan. stop playing with that paper ." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. "I'm sorry." Throw up: To vomit. "Traffic is tied up for miles. "Maria." Tick off: To upset. ex." Think up: To create or invent (a story. (Plane. Maybe you'll decide to join us. "The plane touched down an hour ago. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage. rocket. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding. ex. To discard. etc. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. Often used to talk about traffic. more moderate. ex. ex. "Think it over. ex. you might throw up. etc. "He thought up some story. To annoy. stuck. To let someone know where someone/something is.

" Turn into: To become." Turn in: To go to bed.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits. ex.To excite (often sexually). ex. "When I was a child. To say no to. Try back in 30 minutes. are comfortable. to hide." 40 . "She tried on seven dresses. "She tried out for the basketball team. "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM." Tuck away: To set aside. "Richard isn't around right now. ex. to listen to the radio/a podcast." Turn down: To reject. "Turn on the light . ex. ex." Try out: When talking about teams. but didn't like any of them." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch. "It's late. ex. making sure that his/her pillows. To transform into. ex. ex." 2) To turn (someone) on . ex. "Girls like that really turn me on. ex. sheets." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed." Tune in: To watch something on TV. "The new candidate turned down the job offer.To attempt to become accepted as a member. ex. etc. but they told her that she was too short.it's dark in here. bands. my mom used to tuck me in every night. We're going to turn in. etc. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him. .

"I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere. To be found. "As a cameraman." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait. "I thought he was an honest man.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid." 41 . "Don't worry. To stop sleeping. ex. they'll wait up for you. = Don't worry they'll wait for you." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant)." 2) To appear. ex." Wake up: To awaken. etc." Turn up: Appear. I would veer away from those types of shots.Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result.000 people turned out for the concert." Turn (something) up: To make something louder. ex. ex. ex. "My brother waited the storm out in the car. "You used up all the toothpaste . "I want to go back to school.) ex." Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. ex. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along. ex. "500. ex. ex. an event. I don't want to wait on tables forever." Vote down: To defeat in a vote. "Turn up the radio . To come. ex. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something. (to a protest. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning.

" Wash up: To wash. ex. "Make sure you wash up before dinner. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars. "The numbness will wear off in two hours. ex. Watch out for children crossing the street." Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. ex." 42 . ex. ex." Wear off: To stop working. "My parents walked in on us kissing. clean oneself. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain.Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room. etc. and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something. Used for sporting events. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. ex. etc. "Game 1 was washed out. wearing. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down. ex. "Game 1 was washed out. "There's a school at the end of this block. To fade." Wear on: To continue (gradually)." Walk off with (something): To steal.) ex. get away with. etc. ex. concerts. concerts." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage. Often used to talk about shoes. etc. ex. Used for sporting events. etc." Watch out (for): To be careful.

" 2) To make someone very tired. ex." Work in: To include. End up. "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region. "He whipped up some sandwiches. "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of. interpose." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. "My daily routine really wears me out. he is going to wind up in jail." Wind up: To finish. "If he doesn't get his act together." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone)." Work out: 1) To be successful. create something to eat. etc." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something. "Martin works out three times a week. ex. when he whipped it out of his backpack. To spend time in a relaxing way. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time. ex. ex. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages. "We were talking about my favorite book." Wind down: To relax." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise). ex." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly). ex. eliminate. "I just need to wind down for a couple of hours. ex. ex." 43 . to make (someone) really out. "I wore out my shoes in about six months. ex. ex. ex.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. ex. ex." 2) To exercise (usually with weights). "He weeded out all the rotten berries." Whip up: To quickly make. explanations. ex. "I need to work off a few pounds. "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out.

"He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him." Write up: To prepare a report. let's wrap up for today." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something)." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something)." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses.)." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much). ex. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan.) ex.Work up: To develop (due to work. "He zoned out during the lecture. ex. "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look. ex. etc. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel. ex. "OK. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant. ex." 44 . = Write your name. effort. To bring to a conclusion. ex. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location." Z Zero in on: To focus on. "Write down your name." Write (something) down: To write something. ex." Zone out: To stop paying attention. To pinpoint. To space out. ex. To start paying attention (to something). ex." Wrap up: To finish. etc. "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours.

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