A Account for: To explain how/why. To give reasons. ex.

"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."

B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."


Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."

Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."

Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."

Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"


"My car broke down on the highway yesterday.) ex." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. They broke up last week. etc. ex. "The stock market will bounce back." (2) To end a personal relationship. "Fiona and Colin are no longer together." 5 . etc." Brighten up: To become better. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time. "He was born in Houston. move into different areas (when speaking about a business." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock. ex. "Michael broke out of prison last week." Brush off: To ignore. window." Break down: To stop working / functioning. etc." Break out (from prison. ex. "He brushed off every criticism." Branch out: To explore new things. ex. ex. "We were selling postcards. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion). but we want to branch out into making envelopes. ex. but he was brought up in Los Angeles. ex. "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that.) ex. most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up.Bounce back: To recover.): To escape." (2) To raise. ex. ex.

Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation. ex. ex. To make someone relax. "Calm down. "They called off the game because of the rain.). ex. "I'm not gullible. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. ex. ex. an action). ex. unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. 6 . stress.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. etc. etc. To become exhausted. Call up: When speaking of soldiers. I'm not buying into what he says. "My brother was called up last week." Carry off: To pull off. "I bumped into her at the party last night. . "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something. etc. "I don't really care for Thai food. "Hey. "That house burned down last year.Requested to report for duty. it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively." Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust." Calm down: To relax." 2) To like someone or something." Burn down: To completely destroy by fire. ex. ex. "He cared for his sick father for three years. ex." C Call for: To require.

"Don't worry about losing your wallet. airport. Williams carried out the procedure. "She caught on after a few minutes." Carry out: To perform. ex. ex. To accept after being pressured and finally convinced. since I was away from school for 2 weeks. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing. wife. so we had a lot of catching up to do.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM. "Hey. etc. take a look at. To give the reason for (something). airport. Cave in: To give in. etc. Just chalk it up to bad luck. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday." Catch on: To slowly start to understand.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel. ex. check out this website . etc. ex. etc. "Dr." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband." Check out: 1) To investigate." 7 . ex. ex. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time." Cash in on (sth." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time.): To profit. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is. make money from sth. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. girlfriend.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel. ex. ex. ex. ex. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar. We hadn't seen each other for a year. ex.

ex." Come about: To happen. ex. "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down. ex." Chicken out: To initially want to do something.To make someone feel better. "He was going to say something to the teacher. (weather) ex.) ex. Come across: To find (by chance. etc." Clean up: To clean. "The rebels were closing in on the city. "Wow." Close down: To close a place permanently. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room. the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear. To tidy up. understandable. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer. but he chickened out.Cheer up: To become cheerful. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. Clear up: To become sunny." 8 . but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere). ex. ex. but he cleared everything up for me." Close in: To approach. To cheer someone up . ex." Chill out: To relax. ex. "I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant. Chip in: To contribute. come close (physically). "I didn't understand at first.

ex. CD. ex. To break. "That issue never came up during out conversation. ex. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill. Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation). "I'm going to the mall . Come back: To return. ex." Come down with: To catch (an illness). To drop by. "What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over.) ex." Come to: To regain consciousness." 9 ." Come forth: To appear. "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize. ex.Come along: 1) To accompany someone. "He came by last night. ex. Come off as: To give the impression of being. etc. ex." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. "She came down with the flu. "The Killers are coming out with a new CD. To pay a visit.". ex." Come apart: To fall apart.You can come along if you like. ex. "How's your project coming along. To visit. "He comes off as being quite successful. "He came out to his parents last summer." Come out: 1) To release (a book." 2) To progress.

ex. "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly. a plan). although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military." IMPORTANT: In English. "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book." Count on: To rely or depend on. ex." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on. ex. blocking their way. "Cross out your name. etc. ex. "He decided against joining the military. Also "to run off". "We'll have to back on certain things this month. ex. When speaking: To interrupt." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization. you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" . "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her." Cross out: To put lines through something written." 10 ." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane.Come up against: To encounter (a problem.) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea.You have to say "He decided to join the military. ex." Cut down on: To reduce. "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me. etc. drawn. an opponent. ex. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something). ex. stop someone when s/he is speaking. ex. to realize. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking.

You'll have to do it over." Do over: To do again. he was able to lead a normal life again. "Dig in." Doze off: To fall asleep." Die for (something): To really want (something)." Dig in: To start eating. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while. ex. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something. often without planning ahead. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism. etc.to fasten. ex. "After the controversy died down. ex. give out. "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . ex." Do up: When talking about clothes . ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign. just dive in. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret.Die down: To diminish in intensity." 11 . ex. ex. The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense." Do away with: To abolish. ex." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically. "Don't think about it. "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty. ex. boys. "He dozed off for a couple of hours. to button. ex.

"She dropped out of school last year. ex. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. rates.)." Drop off: To deliver someone or something. ex. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out". "The new policies drove up prices. ex. etc." Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly. To cause to increase (prices. "I love dressing up to go to the theater. "My parents dropped by last Saturday. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. "I thought that film would be short.) ex. "His speech was really drawn out.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. To make up. ex." Drive up: To raise." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school. ex." Dream up: To invent." Draw up: To organize. but now she wants to go back. but it really dragged on. etc. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief. Drift off: To ." Drag on: To last much longer than expected. ex. ex. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM. To create. ex." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary." 12 . ex. ex." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly.

" Enter into: To accept. etc. ex. ex. ex. "David edged out the other runners and won the race. ex. ex. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance. commence.let's eat in. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things. but we ended up going to the beach instead." Eat out: To eat at restaurants." 13 . "We wanted to go to the mountains. To finally be/do something." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something." Eat in: To eat at home. "David loves going to new restaurants .he eats out almost every night. "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. To become less intense. "I don't feel like going out tonight ." Embark upon: To start. ex. ex.Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something. barely." Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important. Often has a slightly negative connotation. outside the home. ex. contract. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure. "As soon as he finished his contract.) ex. ex. he embarked upon a new project. "The senator eased off on his attacks. become legally committed to (an agreement." End up: To finish up." Edge out: To defeat.

" Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. etc. ex." Fall off: To decrease. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war. ex. "In order to be a responsible person." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something). "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months. To engage in a game. "He fell for her. competition. To have in case of an emergency. you have to face up to what you did. ex." Face up to: To accept responsibility for. "Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. ex." Fall back on: To have as a backup." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true. "Jim's a very moody person. ex. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors." Fall out: To argue. ex. 14 . ex.F Face off: To go head to head. ex. fight to the ex. "The two teams will face off again next week. sexual way." Fall through: To not happen. ex. "The other runners fell behind." Feel out: To try to determine.

etc. a letter. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application. I don't fit in. "The party just kind of fizzled out. "Fire away. but Tom filled in for me. ex." Find out: To discover. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that. etc. ex. "I can find my way around Houston very easily. as in an email. body mass." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly. "I'm a rebel. ex. Fight off." Fire off: To send very quickly. ex.): To successfully resist. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me." 15 . ex. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application.) ex. ex." Fire away: Mostly used as a command. etc. ex." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing." Fill in for: To substitute for.) ex. etc. ex. "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. etc.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to. Fit in: To belong or conform to some group. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years. fight back. Figure out: To solve or understand something." 2) To gain weight. Peter out.". form." Fill in: To complete (in writing. etc.

ex. "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning. ex. They kept blaming me for everything. usually in order to check progress. ex.)." 16 .ex." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier. ex." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something. "The kids were fooling around outside. "He flipped through the newspaper. To be friendly toward. "Her mother and her sister ganged up on me. ex. anger. "You can't get around taking this exam." Flip through: To look. etc. verbally or physically. discuss details. "In this city you need a car to get around." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone." 2) To kiss and touch." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion. seeing what's on TV. "I like James. ex.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . ex. etc." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something. but I don't get along with his brother." Fool around: 1) To play. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through. joke around. but I just couldn't get my message across to her. glance through very quickly. ex. so you better start studying. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party.to go from one TV channel to the next. "I tried and I tried. "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. ex." 2) To move from place to place." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with.

eg. ex." Get away: To escape. ex. plane. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me. "Sarah got in the truck." Get by: To survive (financially). "We have to get off at the next bus stop. etc.eg. "What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free. ex. ex. ex." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" . she gave away all her furniture. "When Nancy found out she was moving. "I can't get over the fact that she left me. "The bank robbers got away. ex. To come home. plane. etc. "Everyone got behind the plan.Nancy gave away the ending yesterday. ex. "Sarah got out of the car.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex.") Get off: To leave (bus.") Get on: To continue." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed. "We got on the train in Paris. ex. to start to support.) ex. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet." 1) To reveal. "What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM." Get on: To enter (bus." 17 ." Get in: To come/arrive. ex." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about. "There's no point in going out to see that movie ." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" . "I'm sorry." Get behind: To support.) ex.

ex. She goes out every night. To be boyfriend and girlfriend." 2) To start (signal. it became very cold. I really hate it. warning siren. "The bomb could go off at any moment." Give off: To release (a smell. "Let's go over your test.) ex. "When I first heard that CD. "My cousin loves to party. club. etc. ex. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. "You should always keep trying.bar. "After the fire went out." 2) To stop burning (a fire). "I told him to go away. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it. a light) ex. "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up. concede. "Go on. ex. ex. but it's beginning to grow on me. restaurant. ex. but he wouldn't leave. etc." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something). ex. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave. "Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor." Go off: 1) To explode. ex. ex. ex. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell." 18 ." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities . tell me the rest of the story. etc." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with." Go on: To continue. alarm.) ex. stop trying." Give up: To surrender.

"Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back. We got held up at the airport. ex." H Hand in To submit (a report. etc. essay). ex. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. she loves to hang out in the mall." 19 ." Hold up: 1) To delay." Hold off on: To delay. ex. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver. "These days children grow up too fast.) ex. "My sister is very upset. "I grew up in San Diego. ex. "William. "I have never heard of that band.Grow up: To be raised. To wait." Hold on: To wait. "Like most teenagers." Hit on: To flirt with someone. e-mail. "I'm sorry we're late." 2) To rob. please hand these copies out to the class. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club. assignment. ex. ex. ex.". To become an adult. ex. ex." Hear from: To receive news from (phone call. ex. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. ex." Hang on: To hold on. Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry. "I have never heard of that band. letter. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me.

ex. ex." Inch away: To back off. ex. "He was just joking around. "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season." Inch along: To move along very slowly. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends." Jump all over: To seriously scold. ex. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday. To move away.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex." J Jack up To raise (a physical object. To be humorous. ex." 20 . "We hooked up last weekend. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product. a price. ex." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity." I Iron out To eliminate.) ex. etc. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny." Joke around: To kid. To work out. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident.

"I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat." Keep around To have handy. "Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club.To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit. "Keep back . ex." Kick out: To throw out. "The party kept me up all night. ex.". "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert. To have access to.just kick back and relax." 2) To manage to stay on schedule. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry. ex." Knock down: To destroy. "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up . you're on vacation .that driver seems like he's drunk." Keep on: To continue. etc. ex. ex." Kick around: To think about.To make someone stay awake. ex. or to do the required work on time.k Keel over: To fall over and faint. To expel. ex." Kick back: To relax." Kick off: To start." Keep out: To prevent from entering." Keep back: To maintain a distance. ex. "He knocked him down with one punch. "Hey." 21 . ex. ex. To knock (someone) down . "They knocked down that wall during the renovation. "They kicked him out of school. ex. ex.

ex. ex. "If you would like to stay here. while knowing that it will not. act." Let up: To lose some intensity. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. "The stars lit up the sky. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants. "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes." 2) To illuminate." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen. "General Motors had to lay off 3." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette. "By the time the storm let up." 2) To stop using. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round. ex." Lie down: To recline and rest." L Lay down: To establish. But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint. ex." Lay into: To criticize (severely). ex. ex. "In Los Angeles. half the city had been flooded.000 workers last month." Let on: To pretend. "He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired. ex. ex." 22 . ex. we should lay down some rules. "I thought she really liked me.Knock out: To make unconscious. "You should really lay off the alcohol. "He really let me down by not showing up on Friday. ex." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow. ex. ex.

"He always mumbles . "They let him out of the hospital on Friday." Make of: To understand/ interpret." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse. ex. ex." M Make fun of: To laugh at. email account.Let out: Release. ex.) ex. ex. "The other kids always made fun of John. "Arrogant people often look down on others. "It's hard to live on bread and water alone. ex." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately)." Look after: To take care of. 23 . but it wasn't in the dictionary. "I tried to look that word up. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand." Live on: To survive on. etc. "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him." Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer. ex. "The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason.I can never make out what he's saying. ex. "The two college students were making out in the park. ex. ex. To make jokes about." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary. ex. etc. inferior." Look up to: 1) To admire. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain.

" Move on: To continue. "Let's move on." Mark up: To increase a price." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality. "Sarah moved out last month. She moved in with her mother. "I hate this restaurant. ex. ex. ex. What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment." Make up for: To compensate for. to cause trouble (informal). "Tom moved in with his girlfriend. To get it wrong. ex. "All these items have been marked down. they always mix up my order.Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. ex. with someone. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work. ex. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses. They made her out to be some kind of monster. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie. ex. ex." 2) To reconcile. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. but then they made up right away. ex." Mark down: To lower a price." Mess up: To spoil." 24 . ex. "These new products don't measure up to our standards." Move in: To start living in an apartment. ex." Mix up: To confuse. Make up: 1) To fabricate. house. invent. They are on sale. etc. house. "They had a big fight. etc.

"His grandfather passed away last month. ex.".N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous). ex." Pass away: To die. to pry. ex. "It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name. ex. To finalize. "He can pass for being Italian. "I don't usually open up to people this way." Own up: To take the blame for. ex. "I hate it when my brother noses around my room." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone)." P Pan out: To happen. ex. "He's 37. to take a cat nap. ex. To make one realize." Nose around: To look for something (secret)." O Occur to: To come to one's mind. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. "She was named after her great grandmother." Nail down: To make sure. ex." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly." Nod off: To fall asleep. ex. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting. ex. "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did. but he can pass for 30. To occur." 25 . "We're still trying to nail down the specifics.

"The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report. ex. ex. ex. ex. To intentionally make someone upset." Play down: To diminish the significance of. To make something sound less important. ex. "The police were obviously paid off to stay away." Pass out: 1) To faint. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money." 2) To bribe. "He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood." 26 . ex. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. ex. ex. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different. To get revenge. "I have to pick the kids up at school." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her. but I'll pass on the pants. ex. To make something sound more important. ex." 2) To distribute." Pay off: 1) To complete payment. "The woman passed out from the heat. "He passed the news on to the president." Pay back: To repay." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car)." Pick on: To harass. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers. ex.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit." 2) To notice." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of. ex." 2) To not take or accept. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship. ex. ex. "I'll buy the blouse.

To stop. and get it over with.) ex. "Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti. etc.often as a joke/for fun). "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way . To park. "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it. "Pull over by those bushes.Point out: To indicate. ex." Polish off: To finish. unrealistic." Pull over: When driving . "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. ." Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road." Put out: When speaking about CDs. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him.To release." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable. ex. etc. ex. To bring to someone's attention. "I can't believe she pulled it off. Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone). I was sure she was going to fail. ex. hard to do." 27 . ex. ex. "The Killers put out a new CD last month. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada. ex. I have to go to the bathroom. ex. did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time." Pull in: To drive in.

ex. people will just roll in automatically. ex. "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity. To allow someone to sleep in your home. To reveal someone's secret." Rip off: To cheat. ex." 28 . ex." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of. "It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate." R Rat on: To be an informer. "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. ex. I'm sure she was just kidding. To swindle. "I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip. "We told the construction workers to quiet down." Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet. ex. "Don't go into that store . "Don't read too much into what she said.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home. "I can't put up with his behavior any longer.the owner will try to rip you off. ex." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said. ex. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on. ex.

" Run out of: To have no more. "Bill Clinton ran for president twice." 29 . ex. ex. leave quickly without permission." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something. ex. leave. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President. "John sailed through his Math exam. ex. interview." Save up for (something): To save money for (something)." Rub off: To transmit to someone. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive. "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away." Rule out: To eliminate. "John was saving up for a new motorcycle. test." Run away: To escape. ex. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit. ex." Run for: To campaign for. and both times he was elected. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me. To try to become elected as. easily. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year. ex. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house. To let someone know about something. ex." Run into: To meet (by accident). to use up completely. ex. ex." S Sail through: To finish an exam. "He ran away from home when he was 16. "When the cops arrived. "They ran off without paying the bill. ex.Rough up: To hurt physically.

artists." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party. ex. "Mike's finally leaving. ex. ex." 30 . ex. = It's OK. to do something badly.Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. ex. "The whole trip set us back $2. "They came to see us off at the train station." Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. etc. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test. We're sending him off on Saturday. ex. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning. to come say goodbye to someone (esp." See through: To not be fooled by.) ex. ex. ex. but he just scraped by. at the place they are leaving from)." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone). "I liked this band when they first came out. "It's OK.000." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door. gather. but then they sold out." See to: To make sure that (something happens). find. You don't have to come with me to the door. ex. "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine. "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies." Scrape together: To collect. to take leave of someone. I'll see myself out." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left. "I'll see to it that he gets your message. ex.

ex." Shape up: To develop. ex. ex. "I like to shop around before I buy something. "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city. neighborhood." 2) To show (someone) up . "I don't really know the city ." 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above). ex. but it didn't work out. "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. ex. etc. etc. "All my rowdy friends have settled down. "The killer claimed that he had been set up." 1) To calm down. To be very proud about something. ex. "He just loves to show off his car. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are. ex. alarm. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically). "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand)." 2) To falsely incriminate someone.Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb. doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive. ex. to make someone seem worse. but he settled for $15. "He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning.) go off. "He wanted $20. ex. etc. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. ex. to outperform. ex." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". ex. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 . start." Shop around: To look for the best price. ex.To outdo.

He never knows when to shut up. Sign off on (something): To approve. I sided with my sister."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't. ex." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict." ." Sink in: To become clear/evident. "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing." Sign up (for something): To register. To become felt/understood. ex." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid. 32 . used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name. ex. "My sister tends to shy away from things like that. ex. ex. "They shut down that restaurant last year." This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening." Shut up: To be/ make quiet. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything. ex. "We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week. ex.Shut down: To close permanently. "He just kept talking and talking. etc. Sit down: To sit.

"I slept until 11:00 AM this morning.) quietly/without making a sound. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking. ex." Sit in on (a meeting. "John has been slacking off recently. ex. = Mary slept here last night. ex. ex. ex. "I'm going to sit this game out." Slip up: To make a mistake. "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting. etc. To leave (a place." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something)." Sit out: To not participate." Slip out: To sneak out. "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to. ex. ex." Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). ex. "Let me sleep on it. ex. "Hey.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away. etc." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal. 33 .): To attend as an observer. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide. "Mary slept over last night." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house. ex.

Sort out: To resolve. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic. ex. ex. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully. "Hey." Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something." Stamp out: To eliminate. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools. "We sorted our differences and became friends again. ex." 2) To go in separate directions. ex. disturbed. I don't have to spell it out for you." Speak up: To speak more loudly." Sober up: To become sober. ex." Sound off: To express one's views and opinions. ex." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. "It's pretty obvious. I can't hear you. ex. or agitated way.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. "Please speak up. ex. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me. ex." Stand for: To represent." 34 . "VIP stands for very important person. ex. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals.

etc. Mr. etc. He'll be back in 30 minutes.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends. etc. "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing." Step down: To leave a job.) ex. "I'm sorry. Not to go to bed." Stay in: To stay at home. argument. ex. ex. ex. Stay on: To remain. "He started out as a dishwasher." Start out: To begin. "Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). ex. ex." Step in: To break up (a fight. Johnson stepped out for a bit.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). ex." Stand up for (a cause.): to actively support (a cause. etc. "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd. ex. To sleep at someone's house overnight. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully. "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday." 35 . To not go out. position. Stay over: To sleep over.

" Take apart: To disassemble. ex. ex. "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity. ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill. "John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money."to be taken aback")." Take after: To resemble (a person)." Take care of: 1) To provide care for. To make something less confusing. "I was taken aback by his reaction." 2) To assume responsibility for doing.Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time). "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it. "I'm sorry. ex." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception. "I think I'll stick around for a bit. "She took the computer apart. T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way). ex. effectiveness. ex. "She really takes after her father." Tag along: To accompany (someone)." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er). "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees. ex. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards. ex. He'll be back in 30 minutes. ex." Stick around: To not go anywhere." 36 . Johnson stepped out for a bit. Mr. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. but the phone company straightened it our for me. etc. ex." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form . ex.

obtain. "I took on another project. ex. To accept. etc." 4) To arrange to have someone killed." Take off: 1) To remove." Take in: 1) To shelter." 2) To leave. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors." 37 . "He took up bowling. remember (when someone is teaching you something). ex.) ex. etc. "Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library. Nancy took over the family business. (money from an ATM. even though that someone is not the cause of the anger. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English." 2) To borrow a book. insurance." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry. "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over." Take up: To start (a habit.". "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday. ex. ex. ex. "All this information is just too much to take in at one time. ex. etc. "We took out a life insurance policy. ex. ex. ex." 3) To get. from the library." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket). cd. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. ex. restaurant. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM.I'm really tired. ex. "The mafia took him out. ex.Take down: To write (down). etc. "After Jim retired." Take on: To assume." 2) To process. hobby." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe. "They took in two stray cats.) ex. "Take this down. To split." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something. "I think I'm going to take off . ex.

"He always talks down to his little brother. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way." Tear into: To criticize severely." 38 . but my cousin talked me out of it.) ex. "It's a good deal. "The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. etc. ex." Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something..Talk back: To respond in a rude. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son." Tell on: To report bad behavior. "I was going to buy a Mazda." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate. "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something. ex. ex." Talk (something) over: To discuss. instructions. ex.) into pieces. ex. like they were less intelligent than you. my brother would tell on me." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely). ex. but I have to talk it over with my husband. "He talked me into buying a Mazda. ex. ex. ex." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. or aggressive way. etc.

Often used to talk about traffic. "I know you're doing that just to throw me off. stop playing with that paper . ex. Maybe you'll decide to join us. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked. stuck. ex. ex." 39 .Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). "Traffic is tied up for miles. "If you drink too much alcohol." Touch down: To land. "He thought up some story. "Maria. "Think it over. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage." 2) To be busy.) ex.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone." Tone down: To makes less extreme. etc." Think up: To create or invent (a story. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. To annoy. To discard. ex. (Plane. etc. ex. ex. rocket. plan. more moderate.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. "I'm sorry. but it's not going to work. ex. ex. Mr. "The plane touched down an hour ago." Tick off: To upset. ex. etc. To let someone know where someone/something is." Throw up: To vomit. you might throw up. ex.

To transform into. are comfortable. to hide. ex. "The new candidate turned down the job offer." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch. bands. "When I was a child.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around. ex. ex. "Richard isn't around right now. sheets. ex. ex.To attempt to become accepted as a member. ex. "It's late. etc." 2) To turn (someone) on . "She tried on seven dresses. ex. my mom used to tuck me in every night. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him." Try out: When talking about teams. ex. . making sure that his/her pillows. Try back in 30 minutes. to listen to the radio/a podcast." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits." Tune in: To watch something on TV." Turn down: To reject." Turn into: To become.To excite (often sexually). "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM. ex." Turn in: To go to bed. "She tried out for the basketball team. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him. "Girls like that really turn me on. We're going to turn in. ex.it's dark in here." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed. To say no to." Tuck away: To set aside." 40 . but didn't like any of them. etc. ex. but they told her that she was too short. "Turn on the light .

"I want to go back to school. (to a protest." Turn (something) up: To make something louder. ex. To stop sleeping. I don't want to wait on tables forever.Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along." Wake up: To awaken. "I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning. ex. ex." 2) To appear. "500. an event." Turn up: Appear." 41 . "Don't worry. "My brother waited the storm out in the car. ex. I would veer away from those types of shots." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait. etc.) ex. To come.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid. "You used up all the toothpaste . "I thought he was an honest man. ex. "As a cameraman.000 people turned out for the concert. ex. = Don't worry they'll wait for you.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant). ex. ex. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill. To be found." Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. ex." Vote down: To defeat in a vote. they'll wait up for you. "Turn up the radio . ex.

concerts. "Game 1 was washed out. "Make sure you wash up before dinner. "My parents walked in on us kissing." Wash up: To wash. ex. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars." Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol. etc." Walk off with (something): To steal. "There's a school at the end of this block. Watch out for children crossing the street. Used for sporting events. Often used to talk about shoes. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on." Wear on: To continue (gradually).) ex. ex. etc. wearing." Watch out (for): To be careful. ex. ex. etc. "Game 1 was washed out.Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room. ex. Used for sporting events. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers. get away with. "The numbness will wear off in two hours." Wear off: To stop working. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down. To fade. ex. concerts." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage. etc." 42 . ex. ex. clean oneself. etc. and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. ex." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain.

ex. ex." 2) To make someone very tired. interpose. ex. ex." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something. "He whipped up some sandwiches." Whip up: To quickly make." 2) To exercise (usually with weights). "We were talking about my favorite book." Wind down: To relax. ex." Wind up: To finish. to make (someone) really out. To spend time in a relaxing way. etc. "If he doesn't get his act together." Work in: To include. ex." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise). "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out. "I need to work off a few pounds. when he whipped it out of his backpack. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone)." 43 . "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of. ex. "Martin works out three times a week. eliminate.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. ex. ex. ex." Work out: 1) To be successful." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly). create something to eat. ex. ex. ex. "He weeded out all the rotten berries. he is going to wind up in jail. End up. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. ex. "I wore out my shoes in about six months. "My daily routine really wears me out. explanations. "I just need to wind down for a couple of hours. "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region.

ex. To bring to a conclusion." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something). "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours. To start paying attention (to something). ex. "Write down your name." Zone out: To stop paying attention.Work up: To develop (due to work. To space out. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location. effort. To pinpoint. "OK. let's wrap up for today. ex. ex.) ex. ex. ex. ex. ex. = Write your name. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel. ex. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan. "He zoned out during the lecture." Z Zero in on: To focus on. etc." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses. etc." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something)." 44 ." Wrap up: To finish." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much). "He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him." Write up: To prepare a report. "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look.)." Write (something) down: To write something. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant.

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