This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."
B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."
Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."
Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."
Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."
Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"
most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up." Break out (from prison. ex. ex." (2) To end a personal relationship." 5 . ex. "Michael broke out of prison last week." Break down: To stop working / functioning. ex." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock." Brighten up: To become better. etc. ex.Bounce back: To recover.) ex." (2) To raise. but he was brought up in Los Angeles." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. etc. "He was born in Houston." Branch out: To explore new things. "The stock market will bounce back. window.) ex. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration. etc. ex.): To escape. ex." Brush off: To ignore." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time. ex. ex. "He brushed off every criticism. but we want to branch out into making envelopes. "My car broke down on the highway yesterday. "Fiona and Colin are no longer together. They broke up last week. move into different areas (when speaking about a business." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion). "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs. "We were selling postcards.
To become exhausted." Calm down: To relax. "Hey. ex." Carry off: To pull off. "My brother was called up last week. ex. To make someone relax. stress. "Calm down. 6 . etc. ex.). ex." 2) To like someone or something." C Call for: To require. "That house burned down last year. Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation. Call up: When speaking of soldiers. ex.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. ex." Burn down: To completely destroy by fire. "He cared for his sick father for three years. I'm not buying into what he says. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. ex. ex. "I'm not gullible. "I don't really care for Thai food. "They called off the game because of the rain. "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something. etc.Requested to report for duty. "I bumped into her at the party last night." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively. etc. don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust. unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. ex. an action). it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect." Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. .
take a look at. Cave in: To give in. "Dr. "Don't worry about losing your wallet. etc." Carry out: To perform. ex." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time. ex. To give the reason for (something). etc. ex. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing. We hadn't seen each other for a year. check out this website . Williams carried out the procedure.): To profit. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework. ex." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on. ex." Cash in on (sth. airport. "She caught on after a few minutes. ex.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel. girlfriend. make money from sth. etc. ex. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. since I was away from school for 2 weeks. so we had a lot of catching up to do. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar. ex." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband. etc. airport. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time. Just chalk it up to bad luck." 7 . ex. ex." Catch on: To slowly start to understand. ex.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way. To accept after being pressured and finally convinced. wife." Check out: 1) To investigate. "Hey.
ex. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room. ex. the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear. ex.) ex." Come about: To happen. "I didn't understand at first." Close down: To close a place permanently.To make someone feel better. but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear. but he chickened out. Clear up: To become sunny. ex. ex." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere). "He was going to say something to the teacher. To cheer someone up ." Clean up: To clean. Chip in: To contribute." Close in: To approach. To tidy up. (weather) ex." Chill out: To relax. but he cleared everything up for me. ex. ex. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer. "The rebels were closing in on the city. understandable. "I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant. Come across: To find (by chance. come close (physically). "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down. etc.Cheer up: To become cheerful. "Wow." 8 ." Chicken out: To initially want to do something.
"How's your project coming along. "What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over. Come off as: To give the impression of being. "He comes off as being quite successful. "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize. ex.Come along: 1) To accompany someone." 2) To progress. CD. "I'm going to the mall .) ex. "That issue never came up during out conversation. "The Killers are coming out with a new CD." Come to: To regain consciousness. To break. Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation). ex. ex. Come back: To return." Come out: 1) To release (a book. ex." Come forth: To appear." Come down with: To catch (an illness). "She came down with the flu. ex. ex.". To visit. ex. To drop by. ex. etc. ex." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. "He came by last night." 9 .You can come along if you like. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill. "He came out to his parents last summer." Come apart: To fall apart. To pay a visit.
" Count on: To rely or depend on.Come up against: To encounter (a problem. you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" . "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly. "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book. an opponent. "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me. a plan). ex.You have to say "He decided to join the military. ex. ex. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking. ex." Cross out: To put lines through something written." Cut down on: To reduce. etc. When speaking: To interrupt. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her. ex. drawn. ex. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something)." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane. "Cross out your name. etc. ex.) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea. ex. to realize. although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military. stop someone when s/he is speaking." 10 . "We'll have to back on certain things this month. blocking their way. "He decided against joining the military. ex. Also "to run off"." IMPORTANT: In English." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization.
just dive in. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign. ex. ex.Die down: To diminish in intensity. "After the controversy died down." Do up: When talking about clothes . "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . ex. boys. ex. "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty. ex." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret. "Dig in. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while. The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense. ex. ex.to fasten. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something. ex." 11 . "He dozed off for a couple of hours." Do away with: To abolish. etc.You'll have to do it over." Die for (something): To really want (something). "Don't think about it. often without planning ahead. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism. he was able to lead a normal life again. ex." Dig in: To start eating. ex. to button." Doze off: To fall asleep. give out." Do over: To do again.
but now she wants to go back. To create. To make up. ex. ex." Draw up: To organize. ex." Drop off: To deliver someone or something. ex.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. "His speech was really drawn out. ex.). Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out". Drift off: To . "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary. rates. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium." Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly." 12 ." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school. ex. but it really dragged on. To cause to increase (prices. ex." Dream up: To invent." Drive up: To raise. etc. ex. "She dropped out of school last year. etc. ex. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday. ex.) ex." Drag on: To last much longer than expected." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly. "The new policies drove up prices. "I love dressing up to go to the theater. "My parents dropped by last Saturday. "I thought that film would be short.
" Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important. but we ended up going to the beach instead. become legally committed to (an agreement. ex. "David edged out the other runners and won the race. "David loves going to new restaurants . contract.he eats out almost every night. ex.let's eat in.Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something. "As soon as he finished his contract. outside the home." 13 ." Enter into: To accept." Edge out: To defeat. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance. To finally be/do something. "The senator eased off on his attacks. ex." Embark upon: To start. commence. ex." End up: To finish up. "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure." Eat in: To eat at home. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things. he embarked upon a new project. To become less intense. ex. etc." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something. ex. ex. Often has a slightly negative connotation." Eat out: To eat at restaurants. ex. "We wanted to go to the mountains.) ex. ex. "I don't feel like going out tonight . barely.
"Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with." Fall through: To not happen. To have in case of an emergency.F Face off: To go head to head. ex. ex. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors. ex. 14 . "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months." Fall off: To decrease. "The other runners fell behind. sexual way. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out." Fall out: To argue. "Jim's a very moody person. ex. "In order to be a responsible person." Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. To engage in a game. you have to face up to what you did. "The two teams will face off again next week. ex." Fall back on: To have as a backup. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something). ex. fight to the ex." Face up to: To accept responsibility for. competition. ex." Feel out: To try to determine. ex. "He fell for her. etc. ex." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true.
Peter out.) ex. ex. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that. "I'm a rebel. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly." Fire away: Mostly used as a command." Fire off: To send very quickly. Figure out: To solve or understand something. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me." Find out: To discover. as in an email. ex." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack. ex. "The party just kind of fizzled out. Fight off." Fill in: To complete (in writing. form. etc. etc. etc. ex. ex. a letter."." Fill in for: To substitute for.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday. ex." 2) To gain weight.): To successfully resist." 15 . "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him. "I can find my way around Houston very easily." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application. but Tom filled in for me. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application. Fit in: To belong or conform to some group. etc. body mass. etc. etc. I don't fit in.) ex. ex. ex. fight back. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. "Fire away.
" Fool around: 1) To play. "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . "You can't get around taking this exam. but I don't get along with his brother." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion." Flip through: To look." 16 . usually in order to check progress." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with. but I just couldn't get my message across to her. "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. "Her mother and her sister ganged up on me. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party. ex. ex. ex. ex. etc. "The kids were fooling around outside." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something. glance through very quickly. ex. "I tried and I tried." 2) To move from place to place. "In this city you need a car to get around. ex. joke around. They kept blaming me for everything. "He flipped through the newspaper." 2) To kiss and touch. ex. so you better start studying. verbally or physically. discuss details.to go from one TV channel to the next. etc.ex.). ex." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier. seeing what's on TV. ex. To be friendly toward. anger. "I like James.
" 1) To reveal. "Sarah got out of the car." Get behind: To support. ex. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making." Get by: To survive (financially)." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" . "When Nancy found out she was moving." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed. "Sarah got in the truck." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about. ex." Get in: To come/arrive. "What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM. ex.") Get on: To continue." 17 ." Get on: To enter (bus. to start to support. "The bank robbers got away. she gave away all her furniture.Nancy gave away the ending yesterday. "I can't get over the fact that she left me. "We got on the train in Paris.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex. "What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free. ex. plane.) ex. To come home. "There's no point in going out to see that movie . etc.) ex." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" .eg. "Everyone got behind the plan." Get away: To escape. plane. "We have to get off at the next bus stop. ex. etc. ex. "I'm sorry.eg. ex. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet.") Get off: To leave (bus. ex. ex. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me.
"Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor. ex. it became very cold. etc. She goes out every night." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you.) ex. "Go on." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with. but he wouldn't leave. "After the fire went out." Give off: To release (a smell. alarm. "The bomb could go off at any moment. tell me the rest of the story.) ex. stop trying. "I told him to go away. warning siren." Go on: To continue. ex. concede. ex." Give up: To surrender. ex. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. but it's beginning to grow on me. ex. "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up. "You should always keep trying. etc. "My cousin loves to party. "When I first heard that CD. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell.bar. etc. ex.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something)." 18 . ex. a light) ex. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave. To be boyfriend and girlfriend. restaurant. ex." Go off: 1) To explode. club." 2) To start (signal. I really hate it." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities . "Let's go over your test. ex." 2) To stop burning (a fire).
Grow up: To be raised. "I grew up in San Diego. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. "Like most teenagers. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute. she loves to hang out in the mall." Hold up: 1) To delay. essay)." Hold on: To wait. ex. ex. etc." Hit on: To flirt with someone.) ex. To wait." H Hand in To submit (a report. ex. ex. To become an adult. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver. Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club. ex. ex." 2) To rob. "I have never heard of that band. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me. ex. ex. "These days children grow up too fast." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. assignment. ex. "Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back." Hear from: To receive news from (phone call. "I'm sorry we're late. ex. We got held up at the airport. letter. please hand these copies out to the class." 19 . "My sister is very upset."." Hold off on: To delay. "William. e-mail. ex. "I have never heard of that band." Hang on: To hold on.
a price. ex." J Jack up To raise (a physical object.) ex. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny. "We hooked up last weekend. To move away. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends. To work out." 20 ." Joke around: To kid." Jump all over: To seriously scold." Inch along: To move along very slowly." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex." I Iron out To eliminate. ex. "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season. ex. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product. To be humorous." Inch away: To back off. ex. "He was just joking around. ex. ex. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday. etc.
"Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club.To make someone stay awake. "Hey. ex. ex." Knock down: To destroy." Keep back: To maintain a distance. To expel. ex." 2) To manage to stay on schedule.". "The party kept me up all night. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry." Keep around To have handy. "They knocked down that wall during the renovation." Kick off: To start. ex. ex. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop.k Keel over: To fall over and faint. ex. To knock (someone) down .just kick back and relax." 21 . ex. "Keep back . etc.To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit. ex." Keep out: To prevent from entering. "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up.that driver seems like he's drunk." Keep on: To continue. "I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. you're on vacation . ex. "They kicked him out of school. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat. ex." Kick back: To relax. or to do the required work on time. "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert. "He knocked him down with one punch." Kick out: To throw out." Kick around: To think about. To have access to. ex. ex." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up .
"He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired. "General Motors had to lay off 3. while knowing that it will not. ex. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants. ex. "The stars lit up the sky. ex. ex. "In Los Angeles. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. ex." 2) To stop using." Lie down: To recline and rest. act. ex.Knock out: To make unconscious. "I thought she really liked me. we should lay down some rules. ex." Let on: To pretend. "He really let me down by not showing up on Friday. "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette." Lay into: To criticize (severely). ex. "If you would like to stay here. "By the time the storm let up." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow. ex. ex. But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint." 22 .000 workers last month. ex. half the city had been flooded. "You should really lay off the alcohol." 2) To illuminate." Let up: To lose some intensity. ex." L Lay down: To establish.
ex." Look after: To take care of." M Make fun of: To laugh at. "I tried to look that word up. "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him. "They let him out of the hospital on Friday. etc. ex. ex. ex.) ex. inferior. ex." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately). ex." Look up to: 1) To admire. "He always mumbles . "The two college students were making out in the park." Make of: To understand/ interpret.I can never make out what he's saying." Live on: To survive on. ex. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain. To make jokes about. ex." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse. but it wasn't in the dictionary. "Arrogant people often look down on others. "It's hard to live on bread and water alone. ex." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance. etc." Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer. "The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary.Let out: Release. 23 . email account. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand. ex. "The other kids always made fun of John.
ex. they always mix up my order. What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment." 24 . with someone. ex. "Tom moved in with his girlfriend. Make up: 1) To fabricate. house. ex. etc. ex. ex. She moved in with her mother." 2) To reconcile. but then they made up right away." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality." Mix up: To confuse." Move on: To continue. house." Mess up: To spoil." Move in: To start living in an apartment. They made her out to be some kind of monster. ex. to cause trouble (informal). ex. "Let's move on." Mark up: To increase a price. etc. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. "They had a big fight. "I hate this restaurant. ex." Mark down: To lower a price. "Sarah moved out last month. invent. ex. To get it wrong. ex. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses." Make up for: To compensate for.Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. "These new products don't measure up to our standards. ex. "All these items have been marked down. They are on sale. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie.
ex." O Occur to: To come to one's mind. "I don't usually open up to people this way. ex. but he can pass for 30." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly." Own up: To take the blame for. To occur. "It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name. To finalize." 25 . "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone).". ex." Nose around: To look for something (secret). ex. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. "I hate it when my brother noses around my room." Pass away: To die. to pry." P Pan out: To happen. To make one realize. "He's 37. ex. "His grandfather passed away last month.N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous). "She was named after her great grandmother. ex." Nail down: To make sure. "We're still trying to nail down the specifics. ex. to take a cat nap." Nod off: To fall asleep. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting. ex. ex. "He can pass for being Italian. ex.
" Pay back: To repay. ex. ex. ex. ex." 26 . ex. "He passed the news on to the president. "The police were obviously paid off to stay away. To get revenge." 2) To distribute. ex. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her." Pay off: 1) To complete payment. ex. ex. ex. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship. "He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night. "The woman passed out from the heat." Play down: To diminish the significance of. To make something sound more important. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money. To intentionally make someone upset." Pick on: To harass." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of. ex. To make something sound less important." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car). ex. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit." 2) To bribe. "I'll buy the blouse. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. ex. ex. ex. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different. "I have to pick the kids up at school. but I'll pass on the pants. "The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report." 2) To notice." 2) To not take or accept." Pass out: 1) To faint." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by.
" Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road. "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat. To park. ex. "The Killers put out a new CD last month. "I can't believe she pulled it off. ex.To release." Pull in: To drive in. "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it.Point out: To indicate. "Pull over by those bushes. unrealistic. etc.) ex." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable. To bring to someone's attention." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way .often as a joke/for fun)." Put out: When speaking about CDs. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada. hard to do. ex. etc. and get it over with." Polish off: To finish. ex. . ex. I was sure she was going to fail. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him. I have to go to the bathroom. ex. ex. "Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti.To stop. ex. Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone). "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time." Pull over: When driving ." 27 .
" Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet. ex. To swindle. "We told the construction workers to quiet down. ex. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on. "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water. ex." Rip off: To cheat. "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. ex. ex. "It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate. "Don't read too much into what she said. ex." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of. ex. I'm sure she was just kidding.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home. "I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip." 28 . ex. people will just roll in automatically." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity." R Rat on: To be an informer. "I can't put up with his behavior any longer. "Don't go into that store . To allow someone to sleep in your home. To reveal someone's secret.the owner will try to rip you off." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said. ex.
" Save up for (something): To save money for (something). to use up completely. "John was saving up for a new motorcycle. "He ran away from home when he was 16. easily.Rough up: To hurt physically. ex. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year." Rub off: To transmit to someone." Run out of: To have no more. To try to become elected as. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive. leave." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something." Run for: To campaign for. interview. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house." S Sail through: To finish an exam. and both times he was elected. ex. ex. ex. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me. ex." Run away: To escape. ex. "When the cops arrived." Run into: To meet (by accident). "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President. "They ran off without paying the bill. ex." Rule out: To eliminate. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit. test." 29 . "John sailed through his Math exam. leave quickly without permission. To let someone know about something. ex. "Bill Clinton ran for president twice. ex. ex. ex.
000. artists. "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do. "Mike's finally leaving." See through: To not be fooled by." 30 . find." Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. gather. ex. at the place they are leaving from)." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left. "I'll see to it that he gets your message. ex. ex." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. "I liked this band when they first came out. We're sending him off on Saturday. to do something badly. ex. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone). "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies." See to: To make sure that (something happens). ex. You don't have to come with me to the door. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test. "They came to see us off at the train station. ex.) ex.Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. "It's OK. but then they sold out. ex." Scrape together: To collect. ex. "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes. = It's OK. etc. ex. to take leave of someone. "The whole trip set us back $2. to come say goodbye to someone (esp. I'll see myself out. ex. but he just scraped by.
"The killer claimed that he had been set up.) go off. neighborhood. alarm. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand)." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city. ex.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. "He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning. "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room." Shape up: To develop." 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above). ex." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. "I don't really know the city . ex.To outdo. "He just loves to show off his car. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something.Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb. "I like to shop around before I buy something. ex. "All my rowdy friends have settled down. "He wanted $20. ex. start." 2) To show (someone) up . but he settled for $15. to make someone seem worse. ex. ex." Shop around: To look for the best price. ex. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically). ex. To be very proud about something. etc. etc. "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin." 2) To falsely incriminate someone. ex. ex. to outperform. etc." 1) To calm down. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 . but it didn't work out. ex. doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive. ex.
"We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week. ex. ex." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict. Sign off on (something): To approve." This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening. ex. etc. ex. ex." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name. Sit down: To sit." Sink in: To become clear/evident. ex. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in. used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing." Shut up: To be/ make quiet. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City. 32 . To become felt/understood." ." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid. He never knows when to shut up. ex."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't. I sided with my sister.Shut down: To close permanently. "My sister tends to shy away from things like that. "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything." Sign up (for something): To register. "They shut down that restaurant last year. "He just kept talking and talking.
ex. "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting. "I slept until 11:00 AM this morning. ex. ex." Sit out: To not participate." Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up. ex. "John has been slacking off recently. ex. ex." Slip out: To sneak out." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). ex. etc. To leave (a place. ex." Sit in on (a meeting." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always.) quietly/without making a sound. "I'm going to sit this game out. ex. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide. ex. "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house. "Let me sleep on it.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away.): To attend as an observer. 33 . "Mary slept over last night. "Hey. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something). etc." Slip up: To make a mistake. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week. = Mary slept here last night.
"We sorted our differences and became friends again." 2) To go in separate directions.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. ex. I can't hear you. ex." Speak up: To speak more loudly." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully. "Hey. ex. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal. ex. or agitated way. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week. ex. "VIP stands for very important person. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me." Sound off: To express one's views and opinions. I don't have to spell it out for you. "Please speak up. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent. ex." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. ex. Sort out: To resolve. ex. ex." Stamp out: To eliminate. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic. disturbed. "It's pretty obvious." Stand for: To represent. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals." Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something." Sober up: To become sober. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools. ex." 34 .
ex." Step down: To leave a job.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against. "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing. ex. Not to go to bed. Stay on: To remain.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). Mr. "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday. etc. etc." Stand up for (a cause. "He started out as a dishwasher. "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd. ex. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully. argument. etc. Stay over: To sleep over.): to actively support (a cause." 35 ." Step in: To break up (a fight. He'll be back in 30 minutes." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). To sleep at someone's house overnight. Johnson stepped out for a bit." Stay in: To stay at home. "Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake. ex. ex. etc. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends. position. ex." Start out: To begin. To not go out.) ex. ex. "I'm sorry.
"John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money. Mr. "She really takes after her father. "I was taken aback by his reaction. He'll be back in 30 minutes." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception." Take care of: 1) To provide care for. T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way)." Stick around: To not go anywhere. "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity. ex. ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er). "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees. ex. ex. "She took the computer apart. "I think I'll stick around for a bit. ex. ex. effectiveness. Johnson stepped out for a bit. "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form . ex." Take after: To resemble (a person). ex. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards. "I'm sorry. ex. ex." 36 . "The protests tailed off as the night wore on." Take apart: To disassemble." 2) To assume responsibility for doing. ex. but the phone company straightened it our for me."to be taken aback"). To make something less confusing. etc.Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time)." Tag along: To accompany (someone).
"Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library. ex. (money from an ATM. ex." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket). To accept. etc." Take in: 1) To shelter. ex. ex. cd. ex. etc." 2) To leave.) ex." 37 . "We took out a life insurance policy. ex. etc.) ex. remember (when someone is teaching you something). restaurant.I'm really tired. "He took up bowling. "They took in two stray cats. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM. To split." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe."." 4) To arrange to have someone killed. "I think I'm going to take off ." 2) To process. Nancy took over the family business. "After Jim retired. ex. obtain. ex. ex. "All this information is just too much to take in at one time." Take on: To assume. ex. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English.Take down: To write (down). even though that someone is not the cause of the anger. "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over. "Take this down. from the library. "The mafia took him out. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday." Take off: 1) To remove. etc. insurance. hobby. "I took on another project." Take up: To start (a habit." 3) To get." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something. ex. ex. ex." 2) To borrow a book.
ex.) ex. ex. ex. etc." Talk (something) over: To discuss." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. "I was going to buy a Mazda.. ex.) into pieces.Talk back: To respond in a rude. but I have to talk it over with my husband. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate. "The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. ex." Tell on: To report bad behavior. ex. but my cousin talked me out of it. ex. ex. "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it. or aggressive way. "He always talks down to his little brother. instructions." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely)." 38 . "He talked me into buying a Mazda. ex. my brother would tell on me." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. etc." Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something." Tear into: To criticize severely. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way. "It's a good deal. like they were less intelligent than you.
more moderate. "Maria." 2) To be busy." Tone down: To makes less extreme. but it's not going to work. "I know you're doing that just to throw me off. rocket.Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). "I'm sorry. ex. Often used to talk about traffic. (Plane. To let someone know where someone/something is. To annoy. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people. "He thought up some story. etc. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding. "The plane touched down an hour ago. ex.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. plan. ex. etc." Touch down: To land." Think up: To create or invent (a story. ex. To discard. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage. ex. you might throw up. Mr. "Think it over." Tick off: To upset. ex. etc. stop playing with that paper . stuck. ex. "If you drink too much alcohol. "Traffic is tied up for miles. ex.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone.) ex." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. Maybe you'll decide to join us. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. ex. ex." 39 ." Throw up: To vomit.
to hide. Try back in 30 minutes." Tune in: To watch something on TV." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits." 2) To turn (someone) on . "Turn on the light . making sure that his/her pillows. "She tried out for the basketball team. ex.To excite (often sexually)." Turn in: To go to bed. ex. ex. etc. but they told her that she was too short. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed. . "Richard isn't around right now. ex. but didn't like any of them. "Girls like that really turn me on. We're going to turn in. "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM. bands. ex. To say no to. my mom used to tuck me in every night. sheets. "When I was a child. to listen to the radio/a podcast. ex. "She tried on seven dresses. are comfortable. ex." 40 . ex. ex. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him." Turn down: To reject. ex." Turn into: To become.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around. "The new candidate turned down the job offer.it's dark in here. ex.To attempt to become accepted as a member. "It's late. To transform into." Try out: When talking about teams." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch. etc." Tuck away: To set aside.
Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result. ex. "As a cameraman. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning. ex." Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. (to a protest.) ex.000 people turned out for the concert. "I want to go back to school." Turn up: Appear. they'll wait up for you. "I thought he was an honest man. "You used up all the toothpaste . "Turn up the radio . I would veer away from those types of shots. ex. ex." Vote down: To defeat in a vote. etc. "Don't worry.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something. an event." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait." 41 ." 2) To appear. To stop sleeping.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along. ex." Turn (something) up: To make something louder." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant). "I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere. ex. ex. = Don't worry they'll wait for you. To come. I don't want to wait on tables forever. ex. ex." Wake up: To awaken. "500. ex. "My brother waited the storm out in the car. To be found. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill.
) ex. Used for sporting events." Walk off with (something): To steal. wearing. etc. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers. "The numbness will wear off in two hours. concerts." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain." Watch out (for): To be careful. concerts. etc. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. To fade. ex. "Make sure you wash up before dinner. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage. "Game 1 was washed out.Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room. "My parents walked in on us kissing. "Game 1 was washed out. "There's a school at the end of this block. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down. clean oneself. ex. etc. etc. and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something. ex." Wear on: To continue (gradually). Used for sporting events." Wear off: To stop working. ex." Wash up: To wash. ex." Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol. ex. Often used to talk about shoes. ex. get away with. Watch out for children crossing the street. ex." 42 . ex. etc.
ex." Work out: 1) To be successful. "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. "Martin works out three times a week. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time. ex." Whip up: To quickly make. etc. create something to eat. ex. "He weeded out all the rotten berries." 43 . ex." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly)." Work in: To include. "If he doesn't get his act together." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something. "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out. End up. to make (someone) really out. ex. "He whipped up some sandwiches. explanations." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone). ex. ex. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages." 2) To make someone very tired. "We were talking about my favorite book." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise). "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region. "I need to work off a few pounds. when he whipped it out of his backpack. ex. ex. he is going to wind up in jail. interpose. "I just need to wind down for a couple of hours." 2) To exercise (usually with weights). ex. ex.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. To spend time in a relaxing way. ex. "My daily routine really wears me out." Wind down: To relax." Wind up: To finish. ex. eliminate. "I wore out my shoes in about six months. ex.
" Write (something) down: To write something. ex. ex." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something)." Write up: To prepare a report. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant. To space out. ex. "Write down your name. etc. effort. ex. To start paying attention (to something). ex. ex." Wrap up: To finish. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan." Z Zero in on: To focus on." Zone out: To stop paying attention. = Write your name. "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look. "He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him. To pinpoint." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much). To bring to a conclusion. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel.)." 44 . ex. etc. "He zoned out during the lecture. ex. "OK. ex. let's wrap up for today." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something).) ex. "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses.Work up: To develop (due to work.