This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."
B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."
Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."
Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."
Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."
Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"
ex. "He was born in Houston.) ex." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock." (2) To end a personal relationship. ex. "We were selling postcards. ex. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration. move into different areas (when speaking about a business. ex." 5 . "My car broke down on the highway yesterday. etc." Brighten up: To become better." Break down: To stop working / functioning. but we want to branch out into making envelopes. "Michael broke out of prison last week. ex.): To escape. window." (2) To raise. etc." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion). "He brushed off every criticism. They broke up last week." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time.Bounce back: To recover. etc." Branch out: To explore new things.) ex. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month. "The stock market will bounce back. most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up. ex. "Fiona and Colin are no longer together. but he was brought up in Los Angeles." Brush off: To ignore. ex." Break out (from prison." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. ex. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that. ex. "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs.
" Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. etc. "Hey. it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect. "They called off the game because of the rain. . "He cared for his sick father for three years. Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation." C Call for: To require. ex. ex. ex. ex. Call up: When speaking of soldiers. ex. stress." 2) To like someone or something. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. "Calm down." Carry off: To pull off." Burn down: To completely destroy by fire. ex. To make someone relax. "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively.). unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. "I bumped into her at the party last night.Requested to report for duty. etc. "That house burned down last year. ex. 6 . I'm not buying into what he says. ex. "My brother was called up last week. an action). To become exhausted.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. etc. "I don't really care for Thai food." Calm down: To relax. ex. "I'm not gullible. don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust.
take a look at.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way. ex. ex. etc. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday. wife. Williams carried out the procedure. ex. check out this website . ex. ex. "She caught on after a few minutes. ex." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband. "Don't worry about losing your wallet.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel. airport." Carry out: To perform. To give the reason for (something)." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on." Cash in on (sth.): To profit. Just chalk it up to bad luck. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel. etc." Check out: 1) To investigate. "Hey. girlfriend. We hadn't seen each other for a year. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. Cave in: To give in. ex. make money from sth. etc." Catch on: To slowly start to understand. etc. ex." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time. so we had a lot of catching up to do. ex. ex. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing." 7 . ex. To accept after being pressured and finally convinced. since I was away from school for 2 weeks. airport. "Dr.
"I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant. ex." Close down: To close a place permanently." Close in: To approach." Chill out: To relax. "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down. "The rebels were closing in on the city.Cheer up: To become cheerful. understandable." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere). Chip in: To contribute. "Wow." 8 . ex. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room. come close (physically). "He was going to say something to the teacher. (weather) ex. but he chickened out.To make someone feel better. Come across: To find (by chance. but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear." Clean up: To clean. ex. To cheer someone up . To tidy up. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer. but he cleared everything up for me." Come about: To happen. ex. the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear. Clear up: To become sunny." Chicken out: To initially want to do something. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. "I didn't understand at first. ex. ex.) ex. ex. etc.
"He comes off as being quite successful. ex. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill." Come out: 1) To release (a book. etc.Come along: 1) To accompany someone. ex. "He came by last night. "What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over. "The Killers are coming out with a new CD. "That issue never came up during out conversation. "How's your project coming along. ex. "He came out to his parents last summer. ex. ex." Come down with: To catch (an illness)." Come to: To regain consciousness. ex. To visit." Come forth: To appear." 2) To progress. CD.) ex.". "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize.You can come along if you like. "She came down with the flu. Come back: To return. To pay a visit. ex." Come apart: To fall apart." 9 . "I'm going to the mall . To break. ex." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. To drop by. Come off as: To give the impression of being. ex. Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation).
" IMPORTANT: In English.You have to say "He decided to join the military. ex. ex. ex. ex." Cut down on: To reduce. drawn. etc." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on. "He decided against joining the military. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her. etc." Cross out: To put lines through something written. ex." Count on: To rely or depend on. "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me. "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly. although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking. "We'll have to back on certain things this month. to realize. ex. ex. When speaking: To interrupt." 10 .) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea. ex. "Cross out your name." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization. a plan). Also "to run off". you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" .Come up against: To encounter (a problem. stop someone when s/he is speaking. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something). blocking their way. "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book. ex. an opponent.
" Doze off: To fall asleep." Do up: When talking about clothes ." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism. "He dozed off for a couple of hours. often without planning ahead. etc." Do away with: To abolish. "Dig in. "Don't think about it. ex. give out. "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty. just dive in. "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign. boys. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something. ex.to fasten. ex." 11 . ex. he was able to lead a normal life again.You'll have to do it over. ex. ex." Die for (something): To really want (something). "We're going to have to do without a car for a while. The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense. ex." Dig in: To start eating. ex." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically.Die down: To diminish in intensity. "After the controversy died down. to button. ex." Do over: To do again. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now.
" Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. To cause to increase (prices. ex. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief. To make up." Drive up: To raise. ex. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out"." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly. rates. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM. To create." 12 . "I thought that film would be short. but now she wants to go back.). ex. etc." Dream up: To invent. ex." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary. "My parents dropped by last Saturday. ex." Drop off: To deliver someone or something. ex. ex. etc. "She dropped out of school last year.) ex. ex. "His speech was really drawn out. ex. "I love dressing up to go to the theater." Drag on: To last much longer than expected. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday. "The new policies drove up prices." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. ex. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school. Drift off: To ." Draw up: To organize. but it really dragged on.
" Enter into: To accept. "As soon as he finished his contract. ex. contract. "I don't feel like going out tonight ." 13 . To become less intense. Often has a slightly negative connotation.) ex. "David loves going to new restaurants . "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. ex." Edge out: To defeat. To finally be/do something.let's eat in." Eat out: To eat at restaurants." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something. barely. but we ended up going to the beach instead. "David edged out the other runners and won the race. ex. he embarked upon a new project. "The senator eased off on his attacks. ex.he eats out almost every night. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance. ex." Embark upon: To start. "We wanted to go to the mountains. become legally committed to (an agreement. commence. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things.Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something. ex. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure. ex. outside the home." Eat in: To eat at home." Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important. ex. etc. ex." End up: To finish up.
sexual way. To engage in a game." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true. ex. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with. etc. "Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. competition. ex. "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors." Face up to: To accept responsibility for. "In order to be a responsible person." Fall off: To decrease." Feel out: To try to determine. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out." Fall out: To argue. "Jim's a very moody person." Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. ex. you have to face up to what you did. 14 . fight to the ex." Fall through: To not happen. "The two teams will face off again next week. ex. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war. ex. ex." Fall back on: To have as a backup. "The other runners fell behind. ex." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something). ex. To have in case of an emergency. ex. "He fell for her.F Face off: To go head to head.
Fight off. ex. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack. "Fire away. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application."." Fill in: To complete (in writing." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly. "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him. "The party just kind of fizzled out.) ex. etc. etc. etc." Fire off: To send very quickly." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. form.): To successfully resist. ex. fight back. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that. "I can find my way around Houston very easily. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me. Peter out.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to." 2) To gain weight. ex. etc. ex. ex. body mass. a letter. ex. "I'm a rebel." Find out: To discover." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years. Fit in: To belong or conform to some group. as in an email.) ex." 15 ." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application." Fire away: Mostly used as a command. I don't fit in. Figure out: To solve or understand something." Fill in for: To substitute for. ex. ex. but Tom filled in for me. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday. etc. etc.
" 2) To move from place to place. "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party. ex. etc. "Her mother and her sister ganged up on me. but I just couldn't get my message across to her. ex. "In this city you need a car to get around. "I tried and I tried.ex." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion. ex. ex." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier.to go from one TV channel to the next." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone. so you better start studying. joke around." Flip through: To look. usually in order to check progress. "He flipped through the newspaper. etc. discuss details." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with. ex. "I like James. "The kids were fooling around outside." 2) To kiss and touch. ex. verbally or physically. To be friendly toward. "You can't get around taking this exam. "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. seeing what's on TV. anger.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . ex." Fool around: 1) To play." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something. They kept blaming me for everything. ex. ex. glance through very quickly. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through. but I don't get along with his brother.)." 16 .
"What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM. "Sarah got out of the car. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making.eg. "When Nancy found out she was moving." Get away: To escape." 17 . ex. "What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free. ex." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" ." Get behind: To support. she gave away all her furniture.Nancy gave away the ending yesterday." 1) To reveal." Get on: To enter (bus. ex. etc. "I can't get over the fact that she left me." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" . "We got on the train in Paris. "Everyone got behind the plan." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about." Get by: To survive (financially).) ex. plane. ex. "I'm sorry. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me. ex. "The bank robbers got away." Get in: To come/arrive. "There's no point in going out to see that movie .") Get on: To continue. To come home. ex.") Get off: To leave (bus. "Sarah got in the truck. ex.eg. etc.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed. ex. plane. ex. to start to support. "We have to get off at the next bus stop.) ex.
etc." Give up: To surrender. ex. etc. tell me the rest of the story. "Let's go over your test. ex. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. "My cousin loves to party. alarm. I really hate it. "The bomb could go off at any moment. a light) ex. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it. stop trying." 2) To stop burning (a fire). but he wouldn't leave." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with." Go on: To continue.bar. ex. To be boyfriend and girlfriend. concede. ex. ex. "After the fire went out." Go off: 1) To explode.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something).) ex. "When I first heard that CD. ex." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you." Give off: To release (a smell." 18 . "I told him to go away. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave. club. "Go on. ex. She goes out every night.) ex. etc. but it's beginning to grow on me. warning siren. restaurant. ex. it became very cold. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell. "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities ." 2) To start (signal. "Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor. "You should always keep trying. ex.
"Like most teenagers." 2) To rob. We got held up at the airport." Hold on: To wait. she loves to hang out in the mall." Hit on: To flirt with someone. ex.Grow up: To be raised. assignment." 19 . To wait. "I have never heard of that band." Hear from: To receive news from (phone call. e-mail. ex. please hand these copies out to the class." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. ex. ex. "Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back." Hold up: 1) To delay. ex. letter. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club." H Hand in To submit (a report. etc.) ex. "I'm sorry we're late. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. ex. "I grew up in San Diego. "My sister is very upset." Hang on: To hold on. "I have never heard of that band. essay). "These days children grow up too fast. ex. "William. ex. ex." Hold off on: To delay. ex.". Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry. ex. To become an adult. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver.
" Jump all over: To seriously scold." Joke around: To kid. To work out." Inch away: To back off. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident. ex. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny. To be humorous. To move away." I Iron out To eliminate. "He was just joking around. a price. ex. ex. "We hooked up last weekend.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war." 20 . "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season." Inch along: To move along very slowly. etc. ex.) ex. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity. ex." J Jack up To raise (a physical object. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product. ex.
"Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club. ex." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up . "I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. you're on vacation . or to do the required work on time." 2) To manage to stay on schedule. ex. ex." Kick back: To relax." Kick off: To start. ex. "The party kept me up all night. To have access to." Kick out: To throw out.that driver seems like he's drunk. To expel. ex.k Keel over: To fall over and faint." Knock down: To destroy. "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat. "He knocked him down with one punch. "They knocked down that wall during the renovation." Keep back: To maintain a distance.To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit.To make someone stay awake. etc. "They kicked him out of school." 21 .". ex. To knock (someone) down . ex. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry. ex. ex.just kick back and relax. ex. "Hey." Kick around: To think about. "Keep back ." Keep around To have handy. "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert." Keep on: To continue. ex. ex." Keep out: To prevent from entering.
" 2) To illuminate." Lie down: To recline and rest. act. "If you would like to stay here. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants. we should lay down some rules. ex. "You should really lay off the alcohol. ex." 2) To stop using. "I thought she really liked me. ex. But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round. "The stars lit up the sky." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette. ex.Knock out: To make unconscious." Let up: To lose some intensity. ex." Let on: To pretend. half the city had been flooded. ex.000 workers last month. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. ex. ex. "By the time the storm let up. ex. "General Motors had to lay off 3." Lay into: To criticize (severely). "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes. ex. ex. ex." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow. "He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired." 22 . "He really let me down by not showing up on Friday. while knowing that it will not." L Lay down: To establish. "In Los Angeles.
"The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse. ex. inferior. 23 . etc. ex." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance. ex.I can never make out what he's saying." Make of: To understand/ interpret. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain. ex. "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him. To make jokes about. email account." Look after: To take care of." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately)." Look up to: 1) To admire. but it wasn't in the dictionary. ex. ex. "I tried to look that word up. ex. "He always mumbles ." M Make fun of: To laugh at. "It's hard to live on bread and water alone." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary. etc. "They let him out of the hospital on Friday. ex. "The two college students were making out in the park." Live on: To survive on. "Arrogant people often look down on others.) ex. ex. "The other kids always made fun of John. ex.Let out: Release." Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer.
They are on sale. ex.Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. To get it wrong. to cause trouble (informal)." Mix up: To confuse. but then they made up right away. "They had a big fight. ex. "Sarah moved out last month. Make up: 1) To fabricate." 24 . ex." 2) To reconcile. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie. "I hate this restaurant. with someone." Mark down: To lower a price. They made her out to be some kind of monster. "Tom moved in with his girlfriend." Move in: To start living in an apartment. What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment. invent. "These new products don't measure up to our standards. "Let's move on. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses. "All these items have been marked down. ex. house. ex. etc. ex." Mess up: To spoil. ex." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality. they always mix up my order." Make up for: To compensate for. ex." Move on: To continue. etc. ex. ex. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work." Mark up: To increase a price. She moved in with her mother. ex. house.
"It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name." 25 . ex. ex. "He can pass for being Italian." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone). but he can pass for 30." Nod off: To fall asleep. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting. ex. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. ex." P Pan out: To happen.". "I don't usually open up to people this way." Nail down: To make sure. "We're still trying to nail down the specifics.N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous)." Own up: To take the blame for. ex." Nose around: To look for something (secret). "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did. To make one realize. "She was named after her great grandmother. "His grandfather passed away last month. ex." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly. ex. To finalize. "I hate it when my brother noses around my room." Pass away: To die. ex. to pry. ex. "He's 37. ex." O Occur to: To come to one's mind. To occur. to take a cat nap.
ex." Pick on: To harass. "He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car). "He passed the news on to the president. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship. ex." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of. ex. but I'll pass on the pants. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night." Pass out: 1) To faint. "The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. To make something sound less important." 2) To distribute." Play down: To diminish the significance of. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different." 2) To bribe. ex.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit. ex." 2) To notice. "I'll buy the blouse. "The woman passed out from the heat. "The police were obviously paid off to stay away. To intentionally make someone upset." Pay back: To repay. "I have to pick the kids up at school. ex." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers. To make something sound more important. ex. ex. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her. ex." 2) To not take or accept. ex. To get revenge. ex. ex. ex. ex. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money." 26 ." Pay off: 1) To complete payment.
ex." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way . ex. etc." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable. "Pull over by those bushes. "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. etc." Pull in: To drive in. I have to go to the bathroom. did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time. "I can't believe she pulled it off. To bring to someone's attention.) ex. ex. ex. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada. . hard to do. ex. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him. "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat. unrealistic." Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road.Point out: To indicate. ex. ex." 27 . Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone). ex. I was sure she was going to fail.To release. "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it." Pull over: When driving .often as a joke/for fun). To park. and get it over with.To stop. "The Killers put out a new CD last month." Polish off: To finish." Put out: When speaking about CDs. "Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti.
"I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip. To allow someone to sleep in your home." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of. ex. To swindle. ex. ex." 28 . To reveal someone's secret." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity. ex. "Don't go into that store . "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. ex. I'm sure she was just kidding. "We told the construction workers to quiet down. ex." R Rat on: To be an informer.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home. "It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate. ex." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said." Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet." Rip off: To cheat.the owner will try to rip you off. "Don't read too much into what she said. "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on. "I can't put up with his behavior any longer. ex. people will just roll in automatically. ex.
and both times he was elected. test." Rule out: To eliminate. "John was saving up for a new motorcycle. ex." S Sail through: To finish an exam. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive." Run away: To escape. To try to become elected as. to use up completely. leave. ex." 29 . ex. leave quickly without permission." Run into: To meet (by accident). ex." Run out of: To have no more." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something." Run for: To campaign for. "John sailed through his Math exam. ex." Rub off: To transmit to someone. ex. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me. "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away. ex. ex. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house. "He ran away from home when he was 16. interview. "They ran off without paying the bill. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year. ex.Rough up: To hurt physically. ex." Save up for (something): To save money for (something). easily. ex. "When the cops arrived. To let someone know about something. "Bill Clinton ran for president twice.
" See through: To not be fooled by. ex. at the place they are leaving from).Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. ex. "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies. etc." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left. ex." Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. artists. gather. We're sending him off on Saturday. "Mike's finally leaving. ex. ex." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do. "I liked this band when they first came out. "They came to see us off at the train station." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone)." See to: To make sure that (something happens). "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door. ex. ex. find. I'll see myself out. but then they sold out. "I'll see to it that he gets your message. but he just scraped by. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians. ex. to do something badly." 30 . to take leave of someone.) ex. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party. "It's OK." Scrape together: To collect. = It's OK.000. You don't have to come with me to the door. ex. to come say goodbye to someone (esp." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes. "The whole trip set us back $2. ex.
" 2) To show (someone) up .Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically). "He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning." 1) To calm down. etc." Shape up: To develop. "I like to shop around before I buy something. ex. etc. ex. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand). "All my rowdy friends have settled down." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". neighborhood." Shop around: To look for the best price. alarm. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 . ex. ex. but it didn't work out. ex. ex. doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive. "I don't really know the city . "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are.) go off. ex. To be very proud about something. to outperform." 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above). ex. ex.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. start. ex." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city. ex. "He wanted $20. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something. etc." 2) To falsely incriminate someone. ex. to make someone seem worse. "The killer claimed that he had been set up. but he settled for $15. "He just loves to show off his car. ex.To outdo. "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room.
" . I sided with my sister. ex. ex. used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing. "They shut down that restaurant last year. He never knows when to shut up." Sign up (for something): To register.Shut down: To close permanently. ex. "He just kept talking and talking. To become felt/understood. Sign off on (something): To approve."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't. ex. "We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week. ex. "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing. "My sister tends to shy away from things like that." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict." Sink in: To become clear/evident. 32 . Sit down: To sit." Shut up: To be/ make quiet. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in. ex." This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything. ex. etc.
" Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house. "I slept until 11:00 AM this morning. "John has been slacking off recently. = Mary slept here last night. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always.) quietly/without making a sound. ex. "Let me sleep on it. ex. To leave (a place. 33 . "I'm going to sit this game out. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking. etc.): To attend as an observer. "Mary slept over last night. ex.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week." Sit in on (a meeting." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal. ex." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something). "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting. ex." Sit out: To not participate. ex. "Hey. ex. ex. ex. ex." Slip up: To make a mistake." Slip out: To sneak out. etc. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide.
" Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something. I don't have to spell it out for you. ex. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal. ex. "VIP stands for very important person. disturbed. Sort out: To resolve. "Please speak up." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully." Speak up: To speak more loudly." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. ex." 2) To go in separate directions." Sober up: To become sober. ex. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools. ex. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week. ex. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me." 34 . ex. "It's pretty obvious." Stand for: To represent. ex.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. "We sorted our differences and became friends again. or agitated way. ex. I can't hear you." Stamp out: To eliminate. "Hey. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent. ex." Sound off: To express one's views and opinions.
"I'm sorry." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). ex. Johnson stepped out for a bit.): to actively support (a cause. etc. Stay on: To remain. etc. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends.) ex." Start out: To begin. ex. ex." 35 . Not to go to bed. position. etc. "He started out as a dishwasher." Step down: To leave a job. Mr. "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd. etc. "Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully. "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing." Stay in: To stay at home. ex.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). Stay over: To sleep over.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against. ex. To sleep at someone's house overnight." Stand up for (a cause. argument. "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday. He'll be back in 30 minutes. ex." Step in: To break up (a fight. To not go out. ex.
but the phone company straightened it our for me. ex. "She took the computer apart. ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill. "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it. effectiveness.Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time). "John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er). T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way). ex. etc. Johnson stepped out for a bit. ex. ex. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. ex. "I was taken aback by his reaction. "I'm sorry. "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees." Tag along: To accompany (someone). "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity. ex." Take apart: To disassemble. Mr." Take after: To resemble (a person). ex."to be taken aback")." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception. ex." Take care of: 1) To provide care for. "I think I'll stick around for a bit. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards. He'll be back in 30 minutes. "She really takes after her father." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form ." 2) To assume responsibility for doing. To make something less confusing. ex. ex." Stick around: To not go anywhere." 36 .
) ex." 2) To leave." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket). obtain. "All this information is just too much to take in at one time. etc. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English. remember (when someone is teaching you something). "We took out a life insurance policy. hobby.Take down: To write (down)." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe."." Take up: To start (a habit. cd. ex." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry. ex." Take in: 1) To shelter. from the library. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM. "I took on another project. ex. "Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library." 37 . "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over." 3) To get. "After Jim retired. ex. insurance. ex." Take off: 1) To remove.) ex. Nancy took over the family business. ex. "Take this down.I'm really tired. ex." Take on: To assume. restaurant. "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday. (money from an ATM. ex." 2) To borrow a book. ex. even though that someone is not the cause of the anger." 4) To arrange to have someone killed. "I think I'm going to take off . To accept. etc. ex. "He took up bowling. etc. To split." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something. "The mafia took him out." 2) To process. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors. ex. ex. "They took in two stray cats. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. ex. etc.
but my cousin talked me out of it. "The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. ex. ex. but I have to talk it over with my husband. instructions. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something.) into pieces. "He always talks down to his little brother. "I was going to buy a Mazda.." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely). "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it." Talk (something) over: To discuss." Tear into: To criticize severely." 38 . ex. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. like they were less intelligent than you. my brother would tell on me. or aggressive way. ex." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. ex." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper. ex. ex. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son." Tell on: To report bad behavior. "It's a good deal. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate.) ex. ex. etc." Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something. "He talked me into buying a Mazda.Talk back: To respond in a rude. etc. ex.
ex.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. (Plane." Throw up: To vomit. etc.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone. ex. ex." 2) To be busy. Mr. "I'm sorry.) ex. "Maria. To discard." Think up: To create or invent (a story. more moderate. ex. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding." Tone down: To makes less extreme. ex. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people. etc. stuck." Touch down: To land." Tick off: To upset. To annoy. but it's not going to work. "Traffic is tied up for miles. you might throw up. To let someone know where someone/something is. "He thought up some story. rocket. ex. ex. Often used to talk about traffic. "Think it over. "If you drink too much alcohol.Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). etc. "The plane touched down an hour ago. ex. "I know you're doing that just to throw me off. ex. plan." 39 ." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. ex. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked. Maybe you'll decide to join us. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. stop playing with that paper .
my mom used to tuck me in every night. ex." 40 . but didn't like any of them.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him." Tuck away: To set aside. ex. . etc. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him. ex. to listen to the radio/a podcast. "When I was a child." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed.To excite (often sexually). "Richard isn't around right now. ex. but they told her that she was too short. ex." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits. "It's late. to hide. bands. "She tried on seven dresses. ex. etc.it's dark in here. To transform into. sheets. "She tried out for the basketball team. "Turn on the light . To say no to." Tune in: To watch something on TV. "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM.To attempt to become accepted as a member. making sure that his/her pillows." 2) To turn (someone) on . ex." Turn in: To go to bed." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch." Try out: When talking about teams. "The new candidate turned down the job offer. ex. ex. "Girls like that really turn me on. Try back in 30 minutes." Turn into: To become. We're going to turn in. ex." Turn down: To reject. are comfortable. ex.
"Turn up the radio . To stop sleeping. an event." Vote down: To defeat in a vote." Turn (something) up: To make something louder." Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. "As a cameraman. ex. ex. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning. I don't want to wait on tables forever. etc." Wake up: To awaken. ex." 2) To appear. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along. ex. To be found. "Don't worry. ex. they'll wait up for you. ex." 41 . ex. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant)." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait. "I thought he was an honest man. ex. "I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere. ex.) ex. (to a protest.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid. "500." Turn up: Appear. To come. ex.000 people turned out for the concert. I would veer away from those types of shots.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something. = Don't worry they'll wait for you. "I want to go back to school. "You used up all the toothpaste .Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result. "My brother waited the storm out in the car.
Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room. ex. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage. etc. "My parents walked in on us kissing. etc. clean oneself. "Make sure you wash up before dinner. get away with. To fade. Often used to talk about shoes. "Game 1 was washed out." 42 . and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down. ex. "There's a school at the end of this block. ex." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. "The numbness will wear off in two hours." Walk off with (something): To steal. Used for sporting events. "Game 1 was washed out." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. Watch out for children crossing the street. etc." Watch out (for): To be careful." Wash up: To wash.) ex. ex. etc." Wear off: To stop working." Wear on: To continue (gradually)." Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol. concerts. wearing. ex. ex. etc. ex. ex. concerts. ex. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars. Used for sporting events.
"I need to work off a few pounds. ex. "We were talking about my favorite book. ex. "He weeded out all the rotten berries. "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of." Whip up: To quickly make. "If he doesn't get his act together." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something." 43 . ex. ex." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone). ex. explanations. ex." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise). to make (someone) really out." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly)." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. ex. etc. ex. "Martin works out three times a week. ex.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out. "I wore out my shoes in about six months." Wind up: To finish. "He whipped up some sandwiches. interpose." Work in: To include. "I just need to wind down for a couple of hours. he is going to wind up in jail. ex. ex. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time." Wind down: To relax. ex. ex." 2) To make someone very tired. End up." 2) To exercise (usually with weights). ex. when he whipped it out of his backpack." Work out: 1) To be successful. "My daily routine really wears me out. "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages. create something to eat. eliminate. To spend time in a relaxing way.
= Write your name. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel. ex." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much)." Wrap up: To finish. "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look. "He zoned out during the lecture. To space out. ex." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something)." Z Zero in on: To focus on. ex. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant. ex. ex. ex. let's wrap up for today. To bring to a conclusion." Write (something) down: To write something. "Write down your name. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location.Work up: To develop (due to work. To start paying attention (to something). To pinpoint. ex." Zone out: To stop paying attention." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses. ex. "He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him. ex." 44 ." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something). etc." Write up: To prepare a report. "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours. etc. "OK.). effort.) ex.
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