This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."
B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."
Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."
Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."
Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."
Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"
" Brighten up: To become better." 5 . most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up. but he was brought up in Los Angeles." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock. "Fiona and Colin are no longer together. ex. ex. etc. "He brushed off every criticism. "Michael broke out of prison last week. "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs." (2) To end a personal relationship. ex. They broke up last week. etc. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration. but we want to branch out into making envelopes." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion).) ex. "We were selling postcards." (2) To raise. ex. ex.Bounce back: To recover.): To escape. "The stock market will bounce back. ex. window." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. ex." Branch out: To explore new things.) ex. etc. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that." Break down: To stop working / functioning. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month." Brush off: To ignore." Break out (from prison. "My car broke down on the highway yesterday. ex. move into different areas (when speaking about a business. "He was born in Houston. ex." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time.
" Burn down: To completely destroy by fire. "I bumped into her at the party last night. etc. unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect. ex. an action). "They called off the game because of the rain. ex. "My brother was called up last week." Carry off: To pull off. 6 . Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation. ex.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. "Hey." 2) To like someone or something." Calm down: To relax." C Call for: To require. Call up: When speaking of soldiers. . ex. To become exhausted." Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. ex. "I don't really care for Thai food. ex. etc. ex. "That house burned down last year. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. I'm not buying into what he says. don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively. "I'm not gullible. To make someone relax. "Calm down. stress. ex. "He cared for his sick father for three years. etc.Requested to report for duty.). "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something. ex.
etc.): To profit. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel. ex. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is. so we had a lot of catching up to do." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time. Just chalk it up to bad luck." Catch on: To slowly start to understand. Williams carried out the procedure. To give the reason for (something)." Carry out: To perform.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. make money from sth. "Hey.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel. ex. ex. We hadn't seen each other for a year. ex. airport. airport. ex. ex. To accept after being pressured and finally convinced. "Don't worry about losing your wallet. "She caught on after a few minutes. check out this website . Cave in: To give in. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework. wife. ex." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband. etc. ex." Check out: 1) To investigate. etc." Cash in on (sth. "Dr. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday. ex. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar. since I was away from school for 2 weeks." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time. ex. girlfriend." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing. etc. ex." 7 . take a look at.
" Close in: To approach. but he chickened out. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room." Close down: To close a place permanently. "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down." Chicken out: To initially want to do something. To tidy up. Come across: To find (by chance.) ex. ex. "I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant.To make someone feel better. Chip in: To contribute." Come about: To happen. "I didn't understand at first." Chill out: To relax. "Wow. Clear up: To become sunny.Cheer up: To become cheerful. ex. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. To cheer someone up . the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear." 8 . come close (physically). "The rebels were closing in on the city. ex. ex. (weather) ex. but he cleared everything up for me." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere). ex. "He was going to say something to the teacher. ex. understandable. etc. but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear. ex." Clean up: To clean. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer.
"What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over. ex. To break. ex. ex. CD. ex. "How's your project coming along. etc. To pay a visit. Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation). "He comes off as being quite successful. "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize. To drop by." Come forth: To appear." Come to: To regain consciousness. To visit. "She came down with the flu. ex. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill. "He came by last night.) ex." 9 ." Come down with: To catch (an illness). "That issue never came up during out conversation.You can come along if you like.".Come along: 1) To accompany someone. ex." Come out: 1) To release (a book. "The Killers are coming out with a new CD. ex. ex. "He came out to his parents last summer. Come off as: To give the impression of being." 2) To progress." Come apart: To fall apart. ex. "I'm going to the mall ." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. Come back: To return.
Also "to run off".Come up against: To encounter (a problem." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane." Cut down on: To reduce. ex. etc. ex. ex. you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" . "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly. "Cross out your name. ex. "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me. ex. "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book.) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea. blocking their way. When speaking: To interrupt. ex. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking." Count on: To rely or depend on." 10 . ex." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on." IMPORTANT: In English. "We'll have to back on certain things this month. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her. although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military.You have to say "He decided to join the military. ex. an opponent. stop someone when s/he is speaking. ex. "He decided against joining the military. to realize." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization. etc. drawn." Cross out: To put lines through something written. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something). a plan).
ex." Dig in: To start eating.to fasten. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now. he was able to lead a normal life again. ex." 11 . "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism. give out. "Don't think about it. just dive in. ex. boys. "After the controversy died down." Do up: When talking about clothes ." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically.Die down: To diminish in intensity.You'll have to do it over. "He dozed off for a couple of hours. ex. "Dig in. The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense. ex. ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign. etc. ex. "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty." Do away with: To abolish. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something. often without planning ahead. ex." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret." Doze off: To fall asleep. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while." Die for (something): To really want (something)." Do over: To do again. to button. ex. ex.
ex. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. ex." Draw up: To organize. but now she wants to go back." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. ex. ex. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. "She dropped out of school last year. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday. but it really dragged on." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief. etc. "I thought that film would be short. ex. ex.)." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly. Drift off: To . "His speech was really drawn out." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school." Drop off: To deliver someone or something." Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly." Dream up: To invent.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. ex." 12 . ex. "I love dressing up to go to the theater. To make up. "The new policies drove up prices. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM.) ex." Drive up: To raise. etc. To cause to increase (prices." Drag on: To last much longer than expected. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out". "My parents dropped by last Saturday. ex. To create. rates. ex.
he eats out almost every night. etc. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things. "David loves going to new restaurants .Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something." Enter into: To accept. "I don't feel like going out tonight ." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure. "We wanted to go to the mountains. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance. ex. become legally committed to (an agreement. he embarked upon a new project. contract." End up: To finish up. ex." Edge out: To defeat. "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. outside the home. To become less intense. "David edged out the other runners and won the race. To finally be/do something.let's eat in. ex. ex. ex.) ex. ex." 13 . "As soon as he finished his contract. but we ended up going to the beach instead. Often has a slightly negative connotation. commence. ex." Embark upon: To start. "The senator eased off on his attacks." Eat in: To eat at home. barely. ex." Eat out: To eat at restaurants." Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important. ex.
ex. sexual way. you have to face up to what you did." Fall out: To argue. "Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out. "Jim's a very moody person. ex. ex. To engage in a game. "The other runners fell behind." Feel out: To try to determine." Fall back on: To have as a backup." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true. "He fell for her. etc. 14 . ex. ex. "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months. ex." Face up to: To accept responsibility for." Fall through: To not happen. competition. ex.F Face off: To go head to head." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something)." Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. "In order to be a responsible person. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war. "The two teams will face off again next week. To have in case of an emergency." Fall off: To decrease. fight to the ex. ex. ex.
etc.): To successfully resist. ex. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years." Find out: To discover. ex. ex. body mass. ex. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application." 2) To gain weight. "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him. etc. "I'm a rebel. Peter out.) ex." Fire off: To send very quickly.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to." 15 . ex. Fit in: To belong or conform to some group." Fire away: Mostly used as a command. fight back. "Fire away. but Tom filled in for me." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. etc. ex."." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me. etc. "The party just kind of fizzled out.) ex. a letter. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack. as in an email." Fill in for: To substitute for. etc. "I can find my way around Houston very easily." Fill in: To complete (in writing." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application. Fight off. form. Figure out: To solve or understand something. ex. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday. I don't fit in. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. etc. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing. ex.
so you better start studying. ex. "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. but I just couldn't get my message across to her. ex. verbally or physically. ex. "Her mother and her sister ganged up on me." 16 ." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . "I tried and I tried." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion. seeing what's on TV. usually in order to check progress. discuss details. ex. ex. glance through very quickly. ex. anger." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with.ex." 2) To move from place to place. "In this city you need a car to get around. "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier. but I don't get along with his brother. etc." Flip through: To look.). "I like James.to go from one TV channel to the next." 2) To kiss and touch. They kept blaming me for everything. etc. "The kids were fooling around outside. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party. "You can't get around taking this exam. ex. joke around. "He flipped through the newspaper. To be friendly toward. ex." Fool around: 1) To play." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something. ex." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something.
" Get away: To escape. ex. etc. "Everyone got behind the plan." Get by: To survive (financially). ex." Get in: To come/arrive. "I'm sorry.Nancy gave away the ending yesterday. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making. ex.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex. "When Nancy found out she was moving. "What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet. plane.) ex.) ex. plane. "Sarah got out of the car. ex. ex. ex." 17 ." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me. "I can't get over the fact that she left me.") Get off: To leave (bus." Get on: To enter (bus. ex. "Sarah got in the truck. "What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free." Get behind: To support. she gave away all her furniture.") Get on: To continue. ex." 1) To reveal. "We have to get off at the next bus stop. to start to support. "There's no point in going out to see that movie . "We got on the train in Paris." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" ." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" . To come home. etc. ex.eg. "The bank robbers got away.eg.
etc. but he wouldn't leave. ex.) ex." Give off: To release (a smell." 2) To start (signal. "Go on. tell me the rest of the story. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it." 18 . "The bomb could go off at any moment. She goes out every night. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. "Let's go over your test. "I told him to go away. etc. ex. stop trying." Go on: To continue." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you. ex. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell. ex. concede." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with. but it's beginning to grow on me. etc. To be boyfriend and girlfriend. I really hate it." Go off: 1) To explode. ex. club. restaurant. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave. a light) ex.) ex. "After the fire went out. ex." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities . "Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor. "You should always keep trying." Give up: To surrender.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something). alarm." 2) To stop burning (a fire). "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up. "My cousin loves to party. ex. "When I first heard that CD. it became very cold. warning siren.bar. ex. ex.
" Hear from: To receive news from (phone call. "Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back. "Like most teenagers. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. ex." H Hand in To submit (a report. etc. essay)." Hold off on: To delay. please hand these copies out to the class." Hold up: 1) To delay. ex." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me. ex. "These days children grow up too fast. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club." Hang on: To hold on. ex. "William. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute." 19 .". ex.) ex. "I have never heard of that band. ex. Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry." Hold on: To wait. ex. letter. ex. "I'm sorry we're late.Grow up: To be raised. To become an adult. To wait. "My sister is very upset. assignment. "I have never heard of that band. We got held up at the airport. ex. ex. "I grew up in San Diego. ex. e-mail. she loves to hang out in the mall." Hit on: To flirt with someone. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver." 2) To rob.
To move away. etc. "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season. a price. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny.) ex." J Jack up To raise (a physical object." I Iron out To eliminate. To work out. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday. ex." Jump all over: To seriously scold. ex. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends." 20 ." Inch along: To move along very slowly. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war." Joke around: To kid." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product. ex. ex. "He was just joking around.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex. ex." Inch away: To back off. To be humorous. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident. "We hooked up last weekend. ex.
" Kick back: To relax. "The party kept me up all night.".To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit.k Keel over: To fall over and faint. "I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat. To have access to. ex." Knock down: To destroy. "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up. ex. ex." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up ." 21 . ex. "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry. ex.To make someone stay awake." Keep out: To prevent from entering." Keep on: To continue. ex." Kick out: To throw out. or to do the required work on time. "He knocked him down with one punch.just kick back and relax. ex. ex." Kick around: To think about." Keep back: To maintain a distance. "Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club." Kick off: To start. ex. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop. "Keep back . ex. To knock (someone) down ." Keep around To have handy. ex." 2) To manage to stay on schedule. you're on vacation . "They knocked down that wall during the renovation. ex.that driver seems like he's drunk. etc. "They kicked him out of school. To expel. "Hey.
But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint. "The stars lit up the sky. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round. "You should really lay off the alcohol. ex. "If you would like to stay here. ex." 2) To illuminate. ex." Let on: To pretend." Lay into: To criticize (severely). ex." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow. "I thought she really liked me." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen. "General Motors had to lay off 3. ex." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette." Let up: To lose some intensity." 22 ." L Lay down: To establish. "By the time the storm let up.000 workers last month. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. ex. half the city had been flooded." 2) To stop using. act. ex. ex. "He really let me down by not showing up on Friday." Lie down: To recline and rest. we should lay down some rules. "He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants. ex. "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes. while knowing that it will not. ex. ex. "In Los Angeles. ex.Knock out: To make unconscious.
ex." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately). "It's hard to live on bread and water alone. but it wasn't in the dictionary. etc. inferior. ex.Let out: Release. "They let him out of the hospital on Friday. ex. ex. "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him. "The two college students were making out in the park. ex. "Arrogant people often look down on others. ex." Live on: To survive on." Make of: To understand/ interpret. ex." Look after: To take care of. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain.I can never make out what he's saying. ex." M Make fun of: To laugh at. ex. etc. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary. 23 ." Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer.) ex." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance. "He always mumbles . "The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason. ex." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse. To make jokes about. "I tried to look that word up. "The other kids always made fun of John. email account." Look up to: 1) To admire.
house. ex." Make up for: To compensate for. "Tom moved in with his girlfriend. They made her out to be some kind of monster. To get it wrong. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses. ex. to cause trouble (informal). ex. etc. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie. Make up: 1) To fabricate." 24 .Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. ex. ex." Mess up: To spoil." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality." Mix up: To confuse." Mark up: To increase a price." 2) To reconcile. What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment. ex. ex. "I hate this restaurant. They are on sale. but then they made up right away. She moved in with her mother. they always mix up my order. ex. ex." Move on: To continue. "All these items have been marked down. "These new products don't measure up to our standards. with someone." Move in: To start living in an apartment. ex. "They had a big fight. etc. ex." Mark down: To lower a price. invent. "Let's move on. house. "Sarah moved out last month.
" Pass away: To die." Nod off: To fall asleep."." Nail down: To make sure. ex." Own up: To take the blame for. ex. ex. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. "He's 37. To finalize." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly. "It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name. ex. "He can pass for being Italian. ex." Nose around: To look for something (secret). to take a cat nap. to pry. ex. but he can pass for 30. "She was named after her great grandmother. ex. "I hate it when my brother noses around my room. ex. ex." 25 . "We're still trying to nail down the specifics. To occur. "I don't usually open up to people this way. To make one realize. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting.N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous)." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone). ex. "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did." O Occur to: To come to one's mind." P Pan out: To happen. "His grandfather passed away last month.
"The police were obviously paid off to stay away." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by." 26 . but I'll pass on the pants. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different. "I have to pick the kids up at school. ex. "The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report. ex. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship. ex." Pay off: 1) To complete payment. ex. ex. ex. To intentionally make someone upset. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night. ex." Pick on: To harass. ex." Pass out: 1) To faint. To make something sound more important." 2) To bribe. To make something sound less important." 2) To notice. ex. ex. ex. "The woman passed out from the heat. ex." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers. ex. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her. To get revenge." 2) To distribute." Play down: To diminish the significance of.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit. "He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood. ex. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. "He passed the news on to the president." Pay back: To repay." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car)." 2) To not take or accept. "I'll buy the blouse.
"Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti." Put out: When speaking about CDs. I was sure she was going to fail. "Pull over by those bushes. ex. "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. . Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone). ex. ex. etc. I have to go to the bathroom.) ex. "I can't believe she pulled it off." Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road. ex. ex." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable." Pull in: To drive in.To stop. unrealistic." 27 . ex. ex. "The Killers put out a new CD last month.To release." Pull over: When driving . "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it. etc. ex. and get it over with. hard to do. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him." Polish off: To finish. To bring to someone's attention. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada.often as a joke/for fun).Point out: To indicate." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way . "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat. To park. did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time.
"It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate. ex. ex. ex. To allow someone to sleep in your home. "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. ex. To reveal someone's secret. ex. ex." R Rat on: To be an informer." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity. ex. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on.the owner will try to rip you off." Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet. ex. people will just roll in automatically." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of. To swindle." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said. "Don't go into that store . "I can't put up with his behavior any longer. "We told the construction workers to quiet down.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home." 28 . "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water. I'm sure she was just kidding. ex. "I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip." Rip off: To cheat. "Don't read too much into what she said.
"When the cops arrived. "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year. ex. ex. ex. ex. "He ran away from home when he was 16." 29 . "John sailed through his Math exam. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President. "They ran off without paying the bill. interview. ex. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit." S Sail through: To finish an exam. To try to become elected as." Run for: To campaign for. to use up completely. and both times he was elected. ex. leave." Run into: To meet (by accident)." Run out of: To have no more. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house. ex. ex." Run away: To escape.Rough up: To hurt physically. ex. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive." Rule out: To eliminate. ex." Rub off: To transmit to someone." Save up for (something): To save money for (something). "Bill Clinton ran for president twice. ex. "John was saving up for a new motorcycle. easily. test. leave quickly without permission. To let someone know about something.
" Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. ex. ex. ex. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians. gather. "It's OK. "Mike's finally leaving." See through: To not be fooled by. You don't have to come with me to the door. etc. but then they sold out.000." 30 ." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. "I liked this band when they first came out. artists. I'll see myself out. We're sending him off on Saturday." See to: To make sure that (something happens)." Scrape together: To collect." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do. to take leave of someone. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning. = It's OK. ex." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone). "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes. ex. "I'll see to it that he gets your message." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door. "The whole trip set us back $2.Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. at the place they are leaving from). to do something badly. but he just scraped by. ex. "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies. "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test. to come say goodbye to someone (esp." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party. "They came to see us off at the train station. ex. ex.) ex." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left. ex. ex. find.
" 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above). etc. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand). "The killer claimed that he had been set up." 2) To show (someone) up . "I don't really know the city . ex. to make someone seem worse. "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room. ex. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are. "He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically). ex. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 . doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive.) go off. but he settled for $15. "All my rowdy friends have settled down." Shop around: To look for the best price. etc.To outdo. etc. "He just loves to show off his car. "I like to shop around before I buy something. ex. ex. neighborhood." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". alarm. "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. ex." 1) To calm down." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city. ex. "He wanted $20. "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin. ex. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something. start. ex. To be very proud about something. to outperform." 2) To falsely incriminate someone." Shape up: To develop. ex.Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. ex. but it didn't work out. ex. ex.
" Shut up: To be/ make quiet." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict. "He just kept talking and talking." Sink in: To become clear/evident. "We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything. 32 . ex. used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing." Sign up (for something): To register. ex. "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing." This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening.Shut down: To close permanently. ex. Sign off on (something): To approve. Sit down: To sit. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in. ex." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name. ex." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid. ex."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't." . "My sister tends to shy away from things like that. I sided with my sister. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City. "They shut down that restaurant last year. ex. etc. He never knows when to shut up. To become felt/understood.
"John has been slacking off recently. ex. "I slept until 11:00 AM this morning." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). ex. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up.): To attend as an observer. ex. ex." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something). 33 . etc." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal. To leave (a place. "Let me sleep on it." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always. "Hey. = Mary slept here last night. ex. "I'm going to sit this game out.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house.) quietly/without making a sound. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide. "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting." Slip up: To make a mistake." Sit in on (a meeting. ex. ex. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week. ex." Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly. "Mary slept over last night. etc." Slip out: To sneak out. ex. ex." Sit out: To not participate. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking. "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to.
" Sound off: To express one's views and opinions. or agitated way." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. "VIP stands for very important person. ex. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic." Stand for: To represent. ex." 2) To go in separate directions. ex." Sober up: To become sober. ex. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools." 34 . I don't have to spell it out for you. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent. "Please speak up.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. "We sorted our differences and became friends again." Stamp out: To eliminate." Speak up: To speak more loudly. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals. ex." Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something. I can't hear you. "Hey. ex. ex. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully. disturbed. ex. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal. "It's pretty obvious. ex. Sort out: To resolve. ex.
"I'm sorry.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing. etc.) ex. Stay over: To sleep over. To not go out. etc. position. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully. etc. "Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake." Start out: To begin. ex. Mr. argument. etc." Step down: To leave a job. To sleep at someone's house overnight. Not to go to bed. ex. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends. ex. Stay on: To remain. "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd. "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). "He started out as a dishwasher." Stand up for (a cause. ex.): to actively support (a cause." Step in: To break up (a fight." 35 . He'll be back in 30 minutes. Johnson stepped out for a bit. ex. ex.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against." Stay in: To stay at home. ex.
Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time). "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. "John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money. ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill. ex. To make something less confusing." Take care of: 1) To provide care for. "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees. ex. Mr. ex. "I think I'll stick around for a bit." 2) To assume responsibility for doing." 36 . "She took the computer apart." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er). etc." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form ."to be taken aback"). T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way). "I'm sorry. "I was taken aback by his reaction. ex." Take apart: To disassemble. "She really takes after her father. ex. but the phone company straightened it our for me." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception. ex. effectiveness. Johnson stepped out for a bit. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards. "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it. ex. ex. He'll be back in 30 minutes. ex. "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity." Stick around: To not go anywhere." Take after: To resemble (a person)." Tag along: To accompany (someone). ex.
ex." 2) To borrow a book. "I took on another project." 4) To arrange to have someone killed. ex." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe. ex." Take off: 1) To remove. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. remember (when someone is teaching you something). To split. restaurant. insurance.I'm really tired." 2) To process. etc. ex. hobby." 37 ." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry.Take down: To write (down). ex. ex. "After Jim retired. "The mafia took him out. "I think I'm going to take off . ex. "All this information is just too much to take in at one time. "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday."." Take on: To assume. To accept. from the library. etc. "We took out a life insurance policy. etc. ex. "They took in two stray cats. ex." Take up: To start (a habit. "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over. cd. Nancy took over the family business. (money from an ATM. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors. etc. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM.) ex. "Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library." 3) To get.) ex. obtain. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English. even though that someone is not the cause of the anger. ex. "He took up bowling. ex. ex." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket). "Take this down." 2) To leave." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something." Take in: 1) To shelter. ex.
"The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. my brother would tell on me." Talk (something) over: To discuss. but I have to talk it over with my husband. ex. "I was going to buy a Mazda.) ex. ex." 38 ." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely). "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it.) into pieces. "He talked me into buying a Mazda. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. like they were less intelligent than you. "He always talks down to his little brother." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son." Tear into: To criticize severely. instructions. or aggressive way. ex. ex. ex." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something. ex. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way. etc. ex." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper. ex. "It's a good deal." Tell on: To report bad behavior. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate. etc.Talk back: To respond in a rude. but my cousin talked me out of it.." Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something. ex.
To let someone know where someone/something is. "Traffic is tied up for miles. ex.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. "The plane touched down an hour ago. ex.Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). "I know you're doing that just to throw me off." 2) To be busy.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone. "Think it over." Touch down: To land. (Plane." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage. stop playing with that paper . stuck. To discard. etc. Maybe you'll decide to join us.) ex. more moderate. ex. Often used to talk about traffic. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked. ex. ex. etc." Throw up: To vomit. "He thought up some story. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people. but it's not going to work. "Maria. ex. plan. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding. Mr. you might throw up. ex. ex." Think up: To create or invent (a story. ex. etc. To annoy. ex. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. "I'm sorry. rocket." 39 ." Tone down: To makes less extreme. "If you drink too much alcohol." Tick off: To upset.
To say no to." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits. to listen to the radio/a podcast. are comfortable. "Richard isn't around right now." Tune in: To watch something on TV. my mom used to tuck me in every night.it's dark in here." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around. "Girls like that really turn me on. but they told her that she was too short. "She tried out for the basketball team. "When I was a child. We're going to turn in. ex. "Turn on the light . To transform into." Tuck away: To set aside. sheets. ex. but didn't like any of them. ex." 2) To turn (someone) on . to hide. ex. etc." 40 .To attempt to become accepted as a member. ex. ex." Try out: When talking about teams. bands." Turn in: To go to bed. "The new candidate turned down the job offer. ex. .To excite (often sexually). ex. "She tried on seven dresses." Turn into: To become. making sure that his/her pillows." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed." Turn down: To reject. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him. "It's late. ex. Try back in 30 minutes. ex. etc. "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM. ex. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him.
" Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. To be found. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill. "You used up all the toothpaste . ex. ex." Turn up: Appear. (to a protest. ex." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant). "I thought he was an honest man. To come. ex. = Don't worry they'll wait for you. they'll wait up for you. "My brother waited the storm out in the car. ex. ex. "Don't worry. "I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid. etc." Turn (something) up: To make something louder. I don't want to wait on tables forever. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along.000 people turned out for the concert. ex.Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result." 2) To appear. ex." 41 . "As a cameraman." Vote down: To defeat in a vote.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something. To stop sleeping. "Turn up the radio . ex. ex.) ex. "I want to go back to school. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning. "500. I would veer away from those types of shots. an event." Wake up: To awaken.
ex. and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something." Walk off with (something): To steal. get away with. ex." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain." Wash up: To wash. etc. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down." Watch out (for): To be careful. ex." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. concerts. Used for sporting events." Wear on: To continue (gradually). ex. etc. "The numbness will wear off in two hours. ex. To fade. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. ex. "My parents walked in on us kissing.) ex." Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol. "Make sure you wash up before dinner. ex. Watch out for children crossing the street. Used for sporting events. wearing." Wear off: To stop working. "Game 1 was washed out. "Game 1 was washed out. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars. etc. ex. Often used to talk about shoes. concerts." 42 . etc. ex." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage.Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room. etc. clean oneself. "There's a school at the end of this block.
" 2) To exercise (usually with weights)." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone). ex." Work in: To include. "Martin works out three times a week." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something. ex. "I need to work off a few pounds. ex. ex. interpose." Whip up: To quickly make. To spend time in a relaxing way. "He weeded out all the rotten berries. he is going to wind up in jail. "We were talking about my favorite book. ex. ex. "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out. ex. ex. "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region. ex." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise). etc. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly). ex." 43 . ex.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. "I just need to wind down for a couple of hours. to make (someone) really out. "My daily routine really wears me out." Work out: 1) To be successful." Wind down: To relax." 2) To make someone very tired." Wind up: To finish. create something to eat. eliminate. explanations. "If he doesn't get his act together. ex. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages. "He whipped up some sandwiches. ex. ex. End up. "I wore out my shoes in about six months. when he whipped it out of his backpack." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of.
let's wrap up for today. effort." Wrap up: To finish." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something). "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look. ex. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location. "He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him. ex. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan. ex. "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours. = Write your name.Work up: To develop (due to work. ex. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant." Z Zero in on: To focus on. To space out. To pinpoint. To start paying attention (to something)." Write (something) down: To write something. ex. "He zoned out during the lecture. "Write down your name. ex. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel.) ex. etc. To bring to a conclusion. ex. "OK." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something)." Zone out: To stop paying attention." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much).)." 44 . ex. etc. ex." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses." Write up: To prepare a report.