A Account for: To explain how/why. To give reasons. ex.

"How do you account for the increase in production costs?" Act on: To pursue. To take action because of information received. ex. "The military planned to act on the information they received." Act out: To react negatively to something. ex. "Teenagers often act out to express their feelings." Act up: To behave or function improperly. ex. "Facebook is acting up again." Add up: 1) To calculate a sum. ex. "I added up all your bills. You owe me $120." 2) To make sense. ex. "There's something about his story that doesn't add up. I don't think he's telling the truth." Add up to: To equal an amount. ex. "Our monthly expenses added up to $500." Allow for: To include. ex. "You have to allow for unexpected expenses in your budget." Ask around: To ask several people or more. ex. "Do you have change for a 20? No, but ask around, I'm sure someone does." Ask out: To ask to go on a date. ex. "I'm going to ask her out tomorrow." Ask over: To invite to one's home. ex. "I would ask him over for dinner, but I'm afraid he would eat too much." Attend to: To see about something (formal). ex. "I have to some business to attend to. I'll meet up with you later, John."

B Back down: To retreat, relent. ex. "He didn't back down. He just kept on insulting me." Back off: Not follow a threat. To step back. ex. "The man threatened to call the cops, but he backed off when I said I would pay for the damages." Back out (of): To not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) ex. "The other investor backed out at the last second." Back up: (1) Move backward; Move in reverse. ex. "You still have some room to back up a bit." (2) To confirm a story, facts, or information; To support. ex. "If you don't believe me, ask Bill. He'll back me up." (3) To make a copy (computer data, etc.) Bail out on someone: To leave someone (especially when they need you). ex. "That man bailed on his family when they needed him most." ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bail (someone) out: To save (someone). ex. "The Democrats have a plan to bail out the automotive industry." Bang up: To damage. ex. "He banged up his car pretty bad." Barge in: To enter, interrupting something. ex. "He barged in while we were eating dinner." Bawl out: To scold. ex. "Mary's mother bawled her out for being mean to her sister." Be after: To look for. ex. "The pirates are after the treasure." Be along: To arrive. ex. "He'll be along in a bit."


Be down: To be depressed. ex. "I've been feeling a little down recently." Be down with: *very informal* To be on good terms with something/someone. To like/respect someone/something. Be in on: To be a part of; to be involved with; to know about. ex. "They police are obviously in on the plan."

Be off: (1) To be not quite right. ex. "The curry here is usually excellent, but today it's a little off." (2) To not be at work (To have a day off work) ex. "I'm off today. Let's do something fun!" Be on: To have a very good/successful performance (usually said of musicians, comics, and other entertainers) ex. If you go to a concert and a musician is playing or singing really well - you can say "He's really on tonight!" Be onto (someone): To realize what someone is doing; to figure out someone's game, trick, etc. ex. He thought that he had everyone fooled, but I was onto him. (I realized what he was doing) Be out of: To have none left. ex. We're out of milk. = We have no more milk. Be out to (do something): To want to (do something). To have the intention of (doing something) ex. "He's out to kill me!" Be up: To be awake. ex. "I'm sorry, he's not up yet." Be up to (something): To be doing (something); To have something planned. ex. "What are you up to?", "I can tell that he's up to something." Bear with (someone): To be patient with someone. ex. "Bear with me, I'll be done in about 10 minutes."

Beat out: To finish ahead of. ex. "Sandra beat out all the other contestants and finished first in the race." Beat (someone) up: To physically harm (someone). ex. "What happened to you!? One of the school bullies beat me up today." Blare out: To say/sing something very loudly. Blast off: To leave the ground (when speaking about a rocket). Blow (someone) away: To impress someone greatly. ex. "We were blown away by her performance." Blow (someone) off: To say no to someone (This term has a somewhat negative connotation). ex. "We invited them for dinner last weekend, but they just blew us off." Blow over: When speaking about a scandal, etc. - To stop becoming important. ex. "This scandal won't blow over any time soon." Blow up: To explode. To destroy by exploding. ex. "The car blew up after the gasoline caught fire. Thankfully no one was inside." Boil down to: To amount to. ex. "What it boils down to is that I'm just not very interested."

Border on: To be very close/similar to. ex. "His behavior borders on psychotic." Boss (someone) around: To tell someone what to do. ex. "I'm tired of her bossing me around!"


but he was brought up in Los Angeles. "I need to brush up on my French before my trip to Paris next month. etc." (2) To end a personal relationship. ex. etc." 5 . "Fiona and Colin are no longer together. ex.Bounce back: To recover. "Don't bring up his relationship with his brother he's very sensitive about that. ex. most often used in the phrase "Things will brighten up. but we want to branch out into making envelopes." Brush off: To ignore." Brighten up: To become better." Brush up on / Bone up on (*not as popular*): To review/study thoroughly for a short time. "Michael broke out of prison last week.): To escape." Break out (from prison. ex. window. ex." Break up: (1)To disperse or scatter. "He was born in Houston. "My car broke down on the highway yesterday." (2) To raise.) ex. ex. ex. ex. move into different areas (when speaking about a business. "He brushed off every criticism." Break in / Break into: To enter by using force (and breaking a lock. They broke up last week.) ex." Bring up: (1) To mention (as a topic of discussion). ex. "We were selling postcards. etc. "Someone broke into my apartment last night and stole all my CDs. "The police had a hard time breaking up the crowd at the demonstration." Break down: To stop working / functioning." Branch out: To explore new things. "The stock market will bounce back.

"That house burned down last year. "My brother was called up last week. . ex. "Hey. I'm not buying into what he says. ex. etc. ex. "He cared for his sick father for three years." Burn down: To completely destroy by fire." 2) To like someone or something." C Call for: To require. To become exhausted. an action). don't butt in! Wait for your turn!" Buy into: To accept/believe/trust. ex.Bump into (or run into) someone: To meet someone you know unexpectedly. stress. "You're pregnant? This calls for a celebration!" Call off: To cancel something. "They called off the game because of the rain. "I bumped into her at the party last night. "The refund that we received was cancelled out by the increase in fees. unenthusiastic about a job due to boredom. ex. ex. "Calm down. 6 . "I'm not gullible." Carry off: To pull off." Burn out: To become exhausted (from doing something too long/too intensively. "I don't really care for Thai food.Requested to report for duty. ex." Calm down: To relax. Call up: When speaking of soldiers. etc. ex. ex. it's not as bad as you think!" Cancel out: To bring something back to zero by cancelling its effect with a reverse effect. Butt in: To impolitely interrupt (a conversation." Care for: 1) To nurse someone or something. To make someone relax. etc.).

etc. "My wife checked out of the hospital yesterday. "Mary and I bumped into each other at the mall last week. ex. airport." 2) To talk to someone after not talking for a long time. ex. ex. We hadn't seen each other for a year. "I'm trying to catch up on my homework. ex. "Hey. airport. take a look at. "Guests can only check in after 11 AM." Check out: 1) To investigate. Cave in: To give in.) Check in/into: To enter or register at a hotel." Catch on: To slowly start to understand. check out this website . To accept after being pressured and finally convinced." Cheat on (someone): To be unfaithful (to one's husband. "He kept carrying on about how expensive his car is." Catch up: 1) To make up for lost time. since I was away from school for 2 weeks.it's really cool!" 2) To leave a hotel. Just chalk it up to bad luck. ex. "The basketball player wanted to cash in on his popularity by opening a sports bar. "She caught on after a few minutes. wife. "My brother finally caved in and bought the new t-shirt that everyone is wearing.): To profit. so we had a lot of catching up to do. girlfriend.Carry on about: To continue in an annoying way. etc." Carry out: To perform." Cash in on (sth. etc." Chalk (something) up to: To blame (something) on. Williams carried out the procedure. ex. etc. ex. ex. ex. "Dr. ex." 7 . To give the reason for (something). ex. "Don't worry about losing your wallet. make money from sth.

ex. "Wow. come close (physically).Cheer up: To become cheerful. "I came across some of my old photos when I was cleaning my room." Chicken out: To initially want to do something. ex. understandable. "I was sad to find out that they're going to close down my favorite restaurant." Close in: To approach. "A good song will always cheer me up when I'm feeling down." Chill out: To relax. "I cleaned out my locker before I left for the summer. Chip in: To contribute. the weather really cleared up!" To make something clear. but he cleared everything up for me. To cheer someone up . etc." Clean out: To completely remove everything (from somewhere). ex. but he chickened out. ex. "The rebels were closing in on the city.) ex." Close down: To close a place permanently. but then to not do it (to back out) due to fear. Come across: To find (by chance. "We all have to chip in to buy Robert a present. ex." Come about: To happen. Clear up: To become sunny.To make someone feel better. "I didn't understand at first. To tidy up. ex. (weather) ex. "He was going to say something to the teacher." Clean up: To clean." 8 . ex.

ex. "That issue never came up during out conversation. ex. To visit. ex. ex. "The president really came down on opposition party members for failing to pass the bill. "He came out to his parents last summer.) ex. ex.You can come along if you like." 2) To reveal to others that one is gay or lesbian. To pay a visit. ex." Come forth: To appear." Come down with: To catch (an illness). Come up: To be raised (as a topic/issue during a conversation). "What time should I come by?" Come down on: To criticize. ex. CD. ex." 2) To progress. ex. Come off as: To give the impression of being. "He comes off as being quite successful." Come to: To regain consciousness." Come apart: To fall apart. "How's your project coming along. "I'm going to the mall . To drop by. etc. "What time are you coming back tonight?" Come by: To come over. "He came by last night." Come out: 1) To release (a book. To break.Come along: 1) To accompany someone." 9 . "She came down with the flu.". "The Killers are coming out with a new CD. Come back: To return.

ex. "The writer came up with a great plot for his new book." Cross out: To put lines through something written. stop someone when s/he is speaking. although it's correct to say "He decided *against* joining the military. "He decided against joining the military.You have to say "He decided to join the military. ex. blocking their way. a plan)." Cut back on: To not spend as much money on. When speaking: To interrupt. an opponent. ex." Cut down on: To reduce. ex." IMPORTANT: In English. "We'll have to back on certain things this month." Count on: To rely or depend on.Come up against: To encounter (a problem. "It never dawned on me that she might be unhappy = I never realized that she might be unhappy" Decide against (doing something): To decide not to (do something)." Dawn on (somebody): To come to the realization. "Cross out your name. ex. Also "to run off"." 10 . "I'm your best friend and you can always count on me. "She dashed off to the store before I had a chance to speak to her. ex. etc." Cut (someone) off: When driving: to drive into someone's lane. ex. you can't say "He decided *for* joining the military" . ex. "I can't believe how that driver cut me off!" D Dash off: To go or leave somewhere quickly.) Come up with: To produce or create (an idea. drawn. ex. to realize. "My brother is trying to cut down on smoking. etc.

" Do over: To do again. ex. he was able to lead a normal life again.to fasten. ex. "I'd die for some enchiladas right now. to button. "Could you help me do up the buttons at the back of my dress?" Do without: To manage without something. Often used in the phrase "to dish out criticism. boys.You'll have to do it over. ex. "The reporter dug up some information that might jeopardize the senator's campaign." Dig in: To start eating. ex." Do away with: To abolish. ex." 11 . "Most people in this country would like to do away with the death penalty. "After the controversy died down." Doze off: To fall asleep. "I'm sorry but that's not good enough . ex. "Dig in." Do up: When talking about clothes . "He dozed off for a couple of hours. ex.Die down: To diminish in intensity. ex. "We're going to have to do without a car for a while. ex. just dive in. often without planning ahead. etc." Dive in: To start doing something enthusiastically. give out. ex. "Don't think about it." Die for (something): To really want (something). The food is getting cold!" Dish out: To dispense." Dig up: To discover something that is supposed to be secret.

"The new policies drove up prices." Draw up: To organize. To make up. but now she wants to go back." Drop in (on): To visit someone unexpectedly.Dress up: To wear elegant clothes. ex. "My parents dropped by last Saturday. ex." Drop by: To visit someone unexpectedly. ex. "She dropped out of school last year. ex. rates. ex. but it really dragged on." Dream up: To invent. etc. ex." Draw out: To make something last longer than necessary.) ex. "The residents of the building drew up a plan to catch the thief. "I thought that film would be short." Drop off: To deliver someone or something. To create. "My parents dropped in on me last Saturday. ex." 12 . ex. Drift off: To . "His speech was really drawn out. Often used in the passive form: to be "drawn out"." Drive up: To raise." Drive (someone) out: To make (someone) leave and/or stay away. To cause to increase (prices. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium.)." Drop out of: Quit/ stop going to (school. etc." Drag on: To last much longer than expected. "The police drove out the crowd from the stadium. ex. "I love dressing up to go to the theater. "I'll drop you off at around 7 PM. ex.

outside the home.he eats out almost every night. "David edged out the other runners and won the race. barely. "The two parties entered into an agreement last week. To become less intense. ex. "David loves going to new restaurants . "The senator eased off on his attacks. become legally committed to (an agreement.) ex." 13 . he embarked upon a new project. commence. ex. "The CEO tried to explain away the company's recent poor performance." Eat out: To eat at restaurants. ex.Dwell on (something): To spend a lot of time thinking about something. ex. Often has a slightly negative connotation." Eat in: To eat at home. ex. ex.let's eat in. "As soon as he finished his contract." End up: To finish up." Explain away: To explain/ make excuses for something so that it seems less important." Embark upon: To start. but we ended up going to the beach instead. ex." Edge out: To defeat. ex. "Stop dwelling on the past!" E Ease off/Ease up (on): To reduce pressure. "The boy always eggs his friends on to do stupid things." Egg (someone) on: To urge/ push someone to do something. etc. contract. "I don't feel like going out tonight ." Enter into: To accept. To finally be/do something. "We wanted to go to the mountains. ex.

fight to the ex. you have to face up to what you did. 14 ." Fall for: 1) To believe something that isn't true. To engage in a game. ex.F Face off: To go head to head. "They fell out over the administration's handling of the war. "He fell for her. ex. "I can't believe you fell for that story! It's obviously a lie!" 2) To fall in love with. "I always have my translating skills to fall back on if my acting career doesn't pan out." Fall off: To decrease." Fall through: To not happen. sexual way. "Prices have fallen off in the past couple of months. ex." Fall back on: To have as a backup. "The other runners fell behind. ex. etc." Face up to: To accept responsibility for." Fall out: To argue. You should feel out his mood before you ask him for any favors. "The two teams will face off again next week." Feel out: To try to determine." Fall behind: To fail to keep up pace (with someone/something). To have in case of an emergency." Feel (someone) up: To touch someone in a passionate. ex. ex. ex. "Jim's a very moody person. competition. ex. "Our plan to go to Europe last year fell through because we didn't have enough money. "In order to be a responsible person. ex.

ex. "I can find my way around Houston very easily.) ex. "Mike has really filled out over the past couple of years." Fizzle out: To fade and then end weakly. Peter out." = "Ask me what you want to ask me. Figure out: To solve or understand something. etc. I don't fit in. etc." Find out: To discover. ex. etc." 2) To gain weight. "I'm a rebel." Fill in for: To substitute for. "This sitemap will help you find your way around our website. "He found out that his wife had been cheating on him. ex. ex. etc. ex." Fill out: 1) To complete (an application. etc. "Fire away. as in an email." Find your way around: To have good knowledge of the layout/geography of a place/thing.Feel up to: To feel good/comfortable/strong enough to. Fight off. "Do you feel up to going out tonight?" Fend off (an attack. etc. ex. ex." Fill in: To complete (in writing." Fire away: Mostly used as a command.". but Tom filled in for me. ex. "I was unable to go to the meeting yesterday. "I can't figure out why she would lie to me like that. "Fill out this application and bring it back to me." 15 . Fit in: To belong or conform to some group.) ex. body mass. fight back. "Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application. form." Fire off: To send very quickly.): To successfully resist. a letter. "The party just kind of fizzled out.

glance through very quickly. joke around. "You can't get around taking this exam. anger. "The kids were fooling around outside. "I tried and I tried." 2) To move from place to place." Freak out: (very informal) To go crazy/wild (because of emotion." Flip through: To look. "He flipped through the newspaper. so you better start studying." Follow up on (something): To go back to something that was talked about earlier." Get along with: To have a friendly relationship with. verbally or physically." Get (something) across to (someone): To get someone to understand something." Get around: 1) To avoid doing something. ex. ex. etc. ex. ex." Fool around: 1) To play. They kept blaming me for everything." G Gang up on: To join forces to go against someone. but I just couldn't get my message across to her.ex.). "I'm calling to follow up on our conversation this morning. etc. ex.to go from one TV channel to the next. ex. "Tom and Rachel were fooling around at the party. ex. ex. Also used as a synonym for "to flip through. "In this city you need a car to get around. seeing what's on TV.Flick through (the channels): To channel surf . "My friend freaked out when he found out that his girlfriend was cheating on him. To be friendly toward. "Her mother and her sister ganged up on me. but I don't get along with his brother. "I like James. ex. usually in order to check progress. discuss details." 16 ." 2) To kiss and touch.

"Sarah got in the truck. "We got on the train in Paris. ex. "The bank robbers got away." Get behind: To support." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get IN" . she gave away all her furniture.Get around (TO something): To have a chance/ time to do something ex. "There's no point in going out to see that movie .") Get off: To leave (bus. "I found it hard to get on with my life after my girlfriend left me. ex. "Sarah got out of the car." Get in: To come/arrive. "It's hard for me to get by on the money I'm making. ex. ex." Get up: To wake up and get out of bed. to start to support." Get on: To enter (bus. "What time did you get in last night? 2:00 AM." Get over: To accept/stop thinking about. "When Nancy found out she was moving. To come home. plane. ex." Get away: To escape. plane.eg. ex. "We have to get off at the next bus stop. ex.Nancy gave away the ending yesterday. I haven't gotten around to reviewing your paper yet. "Everyone got behind the plan.eg. ex.) ex." (IMPORTANT: With cars and trucks we generally use "to get OUT" ." 17 ." Get by: To survive (financially). "I can't get over the fact that she left me. etc.) ex. "I'm sorry. etc. ex.") Get on: To continue. "What time to did you get up this morning?" Give away: 1) To give something for free." 1) To reveal.

ex. "Is she really going out with him?" Go over: To review. "My alarm went off at 7:00 AM but I just couldn't get up. ex. etc. stop trying. but it's beginning to grow on me. "I told him to go away.) ex. restaurant. ex." Go off: 1) To explode." 2) To stop burning (a fire). "The bomb could go off at any moment. ex.Give in: To stop trying (to fight something). club.bar. "After the fire went out. it became very cold. but he wouldn't leave. "Go on. I really hate it. tell me the rest of the story. "My cousin loves to party." Go out: 1) To leave the house (and partake in social activities . ex." Grow on (someone): When something "grows on" you. warning siren. To be boyfriend and girlfriend." Give up: To surrender. etc." Go out with: To have a romantic relationship with. She goes out every night. "You should always keep trying. a light) ex. "Let's go over your test. ex. concede." Go on: To continue. it means you begin liking it after initially not liking it. ex. Don't give up!" Go away: To leave. etc. ex. "When I first heard that CD. "Tom gave in to his parents' pressure and became a doctor." Give off: To release (a smell. ex." 2) To start (signal. "That yellow flower gives off a wonderful smell.) ex. alarm." 18 .

please hand these copies out to the class. ex. To wait. ex. "That guy was hitting on me all night at the club. assignment. ex." H Hand in To submit (a report.Grow up: To be raised. ex. "Have you heard from Robert lately?" Hear of: To know/ be familiar with something or someone. ex." Hold off on: To delay." 19 . letter. ex. ex." Hang out: To stay in a place for fun. "My sister is very upset. ex. "William. "I have to hand in my assignment at 8 AM tomorrow morning" Hand out: To distribute. Two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry. "I'm sorry we're late. "We got into a huge fight on the phone and she hung up on me." Hear from: To receive news from (phone call. "I have never heard of that band.) ex. We got held up at the airport. "Let's hold off on making dinner until your roommates come back. essay). she loves to hang out in the mall. "Like most teenagers. "I grew up in San Diego." Hold on: To wait.". "I have never heard of that band. ex. Hang up: To end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver." Hold up: 1) To delay. e-mail. ex. "These days children grow up too fast." Hit on: To flirt with someone." 2) To rob. etc. ex." Hang on: To hold on. To become an adult.

" 20 . ex. a price. ex. "The president has begun to inch away from his pledge not to spend more money on the war. "The hotels around here usually jack up their prices during the summer season. To move away. etc. ex.) ex. "He was just joking around." Inch away: To back off. "Traffic was inching along this morning because of the accident. "We hooked up last weekend. ex." Jump all over: To seriously scold." J Jack up To raise (a physical object. To be humorous." Joke around: To kid." I Iron out To eliminate. but his girlfriend didn't find it funny. "She jumped all over me when I got home at 3:00 AM last Tuesday. ex." Inch along: To move along very slowly. "George jumped at the chance to go to Australia with his best friends.Hook up (with someone): To meet with someone (*be careful because this often has sexual overtones*) ex." Jump at: To willingly seize/ accept the opportunity. To work out. ex. "They managed to iron out all the problems before they launched the new product.

" Kick off: To start.just kick back and relax. ex." 21 ." Knock down: To destroy.that driver seems like he's drunk." Kick out: To throw out. or to do the required work on time. etc. ex. "Hey." Kick around: To think about. ex. "They kicked off the fundraiser with a concert. To knock (someone) down . "I've got too much work! I'm finding it hard to keep up. "The party kept me up all night.To cause someone to fall due to a strong hit. ex. "I like to keep some change around to do laundry. To have access to. ex. you're on vacation ." Kick back: To relax. "They knocked down that wall during the renovation. To expel. "He knocked him down with one punch. ex.To make someone stay awake. "Keep back . ex." Keep out: To prevent from entering. ex." Keep up: 1) To keep (someone) up . "They kicked him out of school. "Your job is to keep all the underage kids from entering the club." Keep on: To continue. "I've been kicking around the idea of writing a book. "He kept on talking until I told him to stop." Keep around To have handy. ex. ex. ex. "One of the dancers keeled over from the heat." 2) To manage to stay on schedule.".k Keel over: To fall over and faint. ex." Keep back: To maintain a distance.

But she was just leading me on!" Let down: To disappoint. ex. "The boxing match ended when the German boxer was knocked out in the third round. half the city had been flooded. ex. "He let on like he hadn't heard that I had been fired. "You should really lay off the alcohol.Knock out: To make unconscious. ex. ex. "His mother really laid into him whenever he came home late. "The stars lit up the sky." 2) To illuminate. "In Los Angeles. "He really let me down by not showing up on Friday." Lay off: 1) To (temporarily) suspend someone from work while things are slow. ex. "I thought she really liked me. we should lay down some rules." Let up: To lose some intensity." Let on: To pretend. ex. ex. "General Motors had to lay off 3. you're not allowed to light up in any bars and restaurants.000 workers last month." Lie down: To recline and rest. ex." L Lay down: To establish. act. "If you would like to stay here. ex." Light up: 1) To start smoking a cigarette." 2) To stop using. while knowing that it will not." Lead on: To make someone think that something (romantic) will happen. ex. "I was really tired from playing outside so I lied down for about 10 minutes." Lay into: To criticize (severely). ex. ex. "By the time the storm let up." 22 .

" Log on/in to: To enter a username/password combination to be allowed access to a computer.I can never make out what he's saying. "Arrogant people often look down on others. ex. "What do you make of his comments?" (How would you interpret his comments?) Make out: 1) To decipher/ understand. ex." 2) To check and find (in a dictionary. "They let him out of the hospital on Friday. etc. "It's hard to live on bread and water alone. ex. ex." 2) To kiss and touch (passionately). "I tried to look that word up. To make jokes about. etc." Make (someone) over: To change someone's appearance.) ex. ex." Look after: To take care of. but it wasn't in the dictionary. ex. "The other kids always made fun of John." Look up to: 1) To admire. "He always mumbles . "He is a leader in the community and many people look up to him. email account. ex." Look down on: To see someone or something as being worse. ex. inferior. "The system is not allowing me to log in for some reason. ex." Make of: To understand/ interpret.Let out: Release." M Make fun of: To laugh at." Live on: To survive on. 23 . ex. "I'll look after your dog while you're in Spain. "The two college students were making out in the park.

" 24 . What's the next topic?" Move out: To stop living in an apartment." Mark up: To increase a price. but then they made up right away. They made her out to be some kind of monster. She moved in with her mother. ex. "He made up for what he said by inviting her to a movie. "All these items have been marked down. They are on sale. ex. "Retailers had to mark up their prices in order to cover expenses. ex." Mark down: To lower a price." Move on: To continue. ex. "I hate this restaurant. with someone. ex. "These new products don't measure up to our standards. house. house. To get it wrong. "He made up a story about how he got robbed on the way to work. invent." Measure up: To be of an equally high quality. Make up: 1) To fabricate. they always mix up my order. etc. ex." Make up for: To compensate for. ex. "Tom moved in with his girlfriend. etc. ex." 2) To reconcile. "They had a big fight. ex. "Let's move on. to cause trouble (informal)." Mix up: To confuse. ex. "The messed up his chance of getting promoted by always being late. "Sarah moved out last month.Make (someone) out (to be something): To make someone seem like something. ex." Move in: To start living in an apartment." Mess up: To spoil.

"He can pass for being Italian. "We're still trying to nail down the specifics. ex." Nod off: To fall asleep. "His grandfather passed away last month.N Name after: To give someone the same name as someone else (usually a family member or someone famous). "I hate it when my brother noses around my room. "He showed lots of character when he owned up to what he did. "I don't usually open up to people this way. ex." Open up: To talk about one's feelings honestly." Own up: To take the blame for. ex. "He's 37." Nail down: To make sure. ex." Pass away: To die. To finalize. "Jim was so tired that he began to nod off during the meeting. "Our trip to Vietnam didn't pan out. ex. ex." Nose around: To look for something (secret). ex. to take a cat nap. to pry."." Pass for (something/someone): To be able to be accepted as (something/someone). ex. ex. ex." O Occur to: To come to one's mind. "She was named after her great grandmother. To make one realize." 25 . "It just occurred to me that I don't even know his name. but he can pass for 30." P Pan out: To happen. To occur.

"He likes to play up the fact that he was raised in a tough neighborhood." 26 . ex. ex. "You shouldn't pick on him just because he's different. To intentionally make someone upset. "The CEO tried to play down the dismal financial report. "I'll buy the blouse. "The police were obviously paid off to stay away." 2) To bribe. ex. "I passed up a great opportunity to make a lot of money." Pick on: To harass. ex." Pay off: 1) To complete payment. "I won't be able to pay off my student loan for another 10 years. ex. To make something sound less important. "Some sleazy guy was trying to pick me up last night." 2) To notice. To make something sound more important.Pass on: 1) To tell or transmit." Pay back: To repay." Pass (something) up: To let (something) go by. "She picked up on his bad mood" 3) To meet someone and initiate a (sexual) relationship." Pick up: 1) To come and get someone (usually in a car). ex. "I have to pick the kids up at school. ex. "He passed the news on to the president." Play up: To exaggerate the significance of. ex." Pass out: 1) To faint. ex. "Why is she being so mean to him? She is paying him back for all the years he was mean to her. To get revenge. ex. but I'll pass on the pants. ex." Play down: To diminish the significance of. ex. ex." 2) To not take or accept. "The demonstrators were passing out flyers. "The woman passed out from the heat." 2) To distribute. ex.

ex. ex. unrealistic. ex." Pull over: To drive a vehicle to the side of the road. ex. "Peter polished off the rest of the spaghetti. "The Killers put out a new CD last month. "I can't believe she pulled it off. To bring to someone's attention. I have to go to the bathroom. Put (someone) down: To make negative remarks about (someone).To stop." 27 .Point out: To indicate.) ex. ex." Pull over: When driving . I was sure she was going to fail. hard to do." Pull in: To drive in. ex. etc. ex. "I'd like to point out that two of the bank robbers were from Canada. ex. "Why do you keep putting this off? Just do it. .often as a joke/for fun). and get it over with. etc. "You're putting me on! He didn't really say that. "He was a very mean boy who always put down everyone around him." Pull (something) off: To succeed in doing something (that seemed un doable." Put (someone) on: To try to trick someone (usually not in a serious/malicious way . did he?" Put (something) off: To delay doing (something) until a later time. To park. "They pulled in to McDonald's to grab something to eat." Polish off: To finish." Put out: When speaking about CDs.To release. "Pull over by those bushes.

"It was really kind of your uncle to put me up for a week" Put up with: To tolerate. "Don't read too much into what she said." Q Quiet down: To be/ become more quiet. "Don't go into that store . ex.Put (someone) up: To have someone as a guest in one's home. ex. To allow someone to sleep in your home." 28 . "He thinks that if he opens a restaurant. ex. ex." Rip off: To cheat." Rinse out: To rinse the inside of. people will just roll in automatically. ex." R Rat on: To be an informer." Read (too much) into (sth): To over-analyze/exaggerate the importance of something that was said. ex. I'm sure she was just kidding. "The teacher found out because you ratted on me!" Read up on: To search out information on. ex.the owner will try to rip you off. ex. To swindle. ex. "We told the construction workers to quiet down. "I can't put up with his behavior any longer." Roll in: To arrive in great numbers/ quantity. "Rinse out that kettle before you fill it with water. To reveal someone's secret. "I wanted to read up on camping in West Virginia before my trip.

" Rub off: To transmit to someone. I can say that his love of bratwurst has rubbed off on me. ex." Rule out: To eliminate. To let someone know about something." Run into: To meet (by accident). ex. ex. "John sailed through his Math exam. "I ran out of gas on the way to my aunt's house. "They ran off without paying the bill. interview. "He ran away from home when he was 16. and both times he was elected." Save up for (something): To save money for (something). "John was saving up for a new motorcycle. "We can't rule out revenge as a possible motive." Run for: To campaign for. ex. To try to become elected as.Rough up: To hurt physically." Run out of: To have no more." 29 ." Run (something) by (someone): To tell someone something. "Bill Clinton ran for president twice. "After hanging out with Hans for the past year." Run away: To escape. leave quickly without permission. ex. "The Secretary of State ran the plan by the President. ex. easily. test. leave." S Sail through: To finish an exam. "Guess who I ran into the other day? My math teacher from high school!" Run off: To run away. ex. ex. "When the cops arrived. ex. ex. ex. they saw that the man had been roughed up a bit. to use up completely.

to do something badly.000. ex." See through: To not be fooled by. "I can't believe more people don't see through his lies. "I'll see to it that he gets your message. gather. find." Sell out: 1) To do something one normally would not do. ex. I'll see myself out. ex. ex. ex. etc." Send (someone) off: To have a goodbye party for someone. ex. "We managed to scrape together enough money to buy a bottle of wine. but he just scraped by." See to: To make sure that (something happens)." 30 . artists. "It's OK. = It's OK. to take leave of someone. "The whole trip set us back $2. at the place they are leaving from)." See off: To arrange/attend someone's goodbye party. "I liked this band when they first came out. but then they sold out. "Mike's finally leaving. to come say goodbye to someone (esp. "Did Stefan pass his English exam? Yes.Scrape by: To just barely succeed at something. "I really screwed up on my vocabulary test." 2) To sell (an item) until there are none left. You don't have to come with me to the door. ex. We're sending him off on Saturday. ex." Set (someone) back: To cost (someone)." See (someone) out: To accompany (someone) to the exit/door.) ex. "They came to see us off at the train station." Scrape together: To collect. ex. in order to get money (usually used when talking about musicians." Screw up: *somewhat vulgar* To make a mistake. ex. "I'm sorry we sold out of that toy this morning.

to outperform. "He wanted $20. to make someone seem worse." Shape up: To develop. ex. alarm. "He accidentally set off the alarm by walking into the room. ex. "How's your project shaping up?" Shoot off (one's mouth): To speak without restraint (and often without tact) about something." 2) Less archaic form of "set out" or "set forth" (see above). doesn't he?" Show up: 1) To arrive.To outdo. start. "The killer claimed that he had been set up. "All my rowdy friends have settled down. ex. "The opening band showed the headliners up" 31 ." 2) To falsely incriminate someone. "Settle down!" Settle for: To accept something less than what one wanted. routine life (especially after living a wild life beforehand). "I don't really know the city . ex. but he settled for $15. but it didn't work out. etc." 2) To show (someone) up ." Settle down: 1) To start living a "normal". "He showed up at her house at 4 o'clock in the morning." Show (someone) around: To show someone where everything is in a city." 1) To calm down. ex. "I like to shop around before I buy something. "Becky tried to set me up with her cousin. ex. etc. ex. etc. "She's always shooting off her mouth about how successful her children are. To be very proud about something. ex.Set off: 1) To make something (usually a bomb. ex. ex." Shop around: To look for the best price. Set (someone) up: 1) To arrange a meeting (with the purpose of getting people involved romantically). ex. neighborhood.Could you show me around?" Show off: To brag. ex. ex.) go off. "He just loves to show off his car.

" This is a little different from "to sit by" which implies that someone is "sitting around and not stopping something from happening. ex. I sided with my sister. Sign off on (something): To approve."They sat by and did nothing" would imply that they COULD HAVE done something but didn't. Sit down: To sit. "We have to get upper management to sign off on the proposal this week. ex. He never knows when to shut up." Shut up: To be/ make quiet." Side with (someone): To support (someone) in a conflict. ex. ex. "He just kept talking and talking. 32 . "When I found out that my sister and her friend were arguing. "They shut down that restaurant last year. "The truth that she would never see her grandfather again began to sink in." Sign up (for something): To register." Sit around/sit by: To sit without doing anything. "I signed up for an intensive English course in New York City. ex." Sink in: To become clear/evident. used primarily in the phrase "to sit around doing nothing. etc. "My sister tends to shy away from things like that." . To become felt/understood." Sign in: To gain access to something by writing your name. ex." Shy away from (doing something): To not do something because one is too shy/timid. ex.Shut down: To close permanently.

" Slip up: To make a mistake. ex. "Hey." Slack off: To not work as hard/efficiently as always." Sleep over: To sleep at someone else's house. ex. etc.Sit in for (someone): To assume someone's duties while he/she is away. and tomorrow I'll let you know what I decide. "The head of our marketing team will be sitting in on this meeting.): To attend as an observer. "He must have slipped out while the security guard wasn't looking." Sit out: To not participate. To leave (a place. ex. etc. ex. could you please slow down! I'm finding it hard to keep up." Sit in on (a meeting. ex. "I'm sitting in for my boss this week. ex. = Mary slept here last night. "The press secretary slipped up and told the reporters more than he was supposed to. ex. "Let me sleep on it. "John has been slacking off recently. "I slept until 11:00 AM this morning. "Mary slept over last night." Slow down: To (make something) move more slowly. ex. "I'm going to sit this game out.) quietly/without making a sound." Snap off (a piece of something): To break off (a piece of something)." Sleep on (something): To think about something (overnight). ex. ex. 33 ." Sleep in: To sleep longer than normal." Slip out: To sneak out.

" Speak out (about something): To state one's views and opinions about something. "Tonight the Los Angeles Lakers square off against the Orlando Magic. ex. Square off against (an opponent): To confront/fight an opponent." Stand for: To represent. "Peter and his girlfriend split up last week. I don't have to spell it out for you. ex. "The speaker sounded off on the terrible treatment of animals. I can't hear you. "The senator started a campaign to stamp out smoking in high schools." Speak up: To speak more loudly. ex." Split up: 1) To end a (romantic) relationship. ex. Sort out: To resolve. "Please speak up. disturbed. ex. ex. "The former police chief spoke out about the recent corruption scandal.Snap out of (it): To stop behaving in a strange. "Hey." 2) To go in separate directions. ex." 34 . "We sorted our differences and became friends again. ex. "It's pretty obvious. or agitated way." Sober up: To become sober." Sound off: To express one's views and opinions. snap out of it! You're beginning to scare me. ex. ex. "VIP stands for very important person." Stamp out: To eliminate." Spell (something) out (for someone): To explain something really carefully.

"Can I stay over tonight?" Stay up: To stay awake. To not go out. To sleep at someone's house overnight. "He started out as a dishwasher." Step down: To leave a job. ex.Stand out: To be very different (in a positive way). ex. ex. etc." 35 . position.) ex. Mr. ex." Stay in: To stay at home. ex. Stay over: To sleep over." Step in: To break up (a fight. etc. "Maria is the kind of girl who really stands out in a crowd." Start out: To begin.) Stand up to: To defend oneself against. Johnson stepped out for a bit. ex. "The principal stepped in when he saw the two boys arguing. argument. Stay on: To remain." Stand (someone) up: To not arrive for a date (with someone). "She was really angry when he stood her up on Saturday. "I'm sorry. Not to go to bed. etc. "The boy showed a lot of courage in standing up to the school bully.): to actively support (a cause. "Jamie's parents let him stay up until 11:00 PM on weekends. etc. ex. He'll be back in 30 minutes." Stand up for (a cause.

"She really takes after her father. "I'm sorry."to be taken aback"). "I think I'll stick around for a bit. ex. ex. Mr. effectiveness. ex. ex. but the phone company straightened it our for me. He'll be back in 30 minutes. ex. etc." Take care of: 1) To provide care for. "I was taken aback by his reaction. To make something less confusing. Johnson stepped out for a bit. "John took good care of his car and ended up selling it for a lot of money. but couldn't reassemble it afterwards. "The lawyer tried to tack on an additional $100 in fees." 2) To assume responsibility for doing.Step out: To leave (for a brief period of time). "Do you mind if I tag along? = Do you mind if I come with you?" Tail off: To decrease in intensity. "Who's going to tell him? I'll take care of it." Straighten (something) out: To make something clear(er). ex." Take aback: To surprise (almost always used in the form . ex. ex. "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. ex: "They was a mistake on my phone bill. T Tack on: To add (usually used in a negative way). ex." String (someone) along: To keep someone in a state of false hope/ deception." Take apart: To disassemble." Tag along: To accompany (someone). ex." Stick around: To not go anywhere. "She took the computer apart." 36 ." Take after: To resemble (a person).

ex. etc. etc." 4) To arrange to have someone killed. "I took on another project. etc. ex. cd." Take off: 1) To remove. ex." 2) To process. "When the plane took off I felt very nervous. "Take this down. "Tom took out three books and two DVDs from the library. even though that someone is not the cause of the anger." Take in: 1) To shelter." 3) To get. etc. "I'm going to take it upon myself to make sure he improves his English. "I think I'm going to take off . from the library. ex. ex. ex. ex. Nancy took over the family business.I'm really tired." 3) To leave the ground (plane or rocket). ex. To accept." Take up: To start (a habit. To split. ex." Take (something) out on: To abuse or yell at someone because one is angry. "I took my mom out to diner on her birthday. "We took out a life insurance policy. (money from an ATM.) ex. "Please take off your hat when you're indoors. ex. "They took in two stray cats. ex. "Tom took out $100 dollars from the ATM. ex. ex. "Why do you always take your anger out on me?" Take over: To take control over." 2) To leave. insurance." 37 . obtain.Take down: To write (down). hobby. restaurant. "After Jim retired. "He took up bowling." 2) To borrow a book. "The mafia took him out." Take on: To assume."." Take (something) upon oneself: To take/assume responsibility for something.) ex." Take out: 1) To invite someone to go out to a cafe. "All this information is just too much to take in at one time. remember (when someone is teaching you something).

" Talk (someone) into (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) to do something. ex.) into pieces. ex. instructions. ex." 38 . ex. "It's a good deal." Talk (someone) out of (something): To convince/persuade someone (by talking to them) NOT to do something.." Talk (someone) through (something): To guide someone through something (usually a process. "He always talks down to his little brother." Tear up: To tear (a piece of paper. "Every time I did something wrong when I was a child. but I have to talk it over with my husband. "I started to understand the process after Bill talked me through it.) ex. "The student tore up his report card when he saw his grades. like they were less intelligent than you.Talk back: To respond in a rude. ex. but my cousin talked me out of it." Tear into: To criticize severely. ex. "Barack Obama really tore into John McCain during their debate. "Don't talk back to your father like that!" Talk down to: To talk to someone in a condescending way. my brother would tell on me. "I was going to buy a Mazda." Tell on: To report bad behavior." Tell off: To criticize (sometimes severely). ex. "I told the babysitter off for not taking good care of my son. ex. or aggressive way. etc." Talk (something) over: To discuss. "He talked me into buying a Mazda. etc. ex.

"The plane touched down an hour ago. Mr." Think up: To create or invent (a story. "He toned down his speech to appeal to more people. you might throw up. "I know you're doing that just to throw me off. To let someone know where someone/something is. ex. (Plane. To annoy. "Someone tipped the police off about where he was hiding. rocket. "Traffic is tied up for miles." 2) To be busy. etc." Tick off: To upset. plan.) ex. Smith is tied up in a meeting right now. " Throw away/ Throw out: To put something in the garbage." Touch down: To land. but it's not going to work. "I'm sorry. stuck. Often used to talk about traffic." Tip off: To let someone know that something is going to happen. ex. etc.throw it out!" Throw (someone) off: To make someone lose their concentration/ to mislead someone. "He thought up some story.) Often used to mean that someone is lying about something. ex. "Maria. ex.Think (something) over: To consider or reconsider (something). ex. "If you drink too much alcohol." 39 . ex. stop playing with that paper . more moderate. "He really ticked me off! = He really upset me!" Tie up: 1) To be blocked. ex. To discard. Maybe you'll decide to join us." Tone down: To makes less extreme. ex." Throw up: To vomit. ex. etc. ex. "Think it over.

ex." Try on: To put on a piece of clothing to see how it fits." 40 . "She tried out for the basketball team. We're going to turn in. "Tune in to our live ESL podcast every Monday at 7:00 PM. to hide. ex. Try back in 30 minutes.it's dark in here. ex. but they told her that she was too short." Turn down: To reject." Turn in: To go to bed." Tuck (someone) in: To put someone to bed." Try out: When talking about teams. etc. To say no to. "He tucked away the money that his grandfather gave him. my mom used to tuck me in every night." Tuck away: To set aside. "When I was a child." Turn into: To become. are comfortable. "The frog turned into a Prince after the Princess kissed him. making sure that his/her pillows." Tune in: To watch something on TV. but didn't like any of them. bands.To attempt to become accepted as a member. "Turn on the light . ex.Try back: To call someone again because he/she isn't around." Turn on: 1) To start by turning a handle or switch. "The new candidate turned down the job offer. ex. sheets. "It's late. "Richard isn't around right now. ex. ex. ex. ex. ex. To transform into. . etc. "She tried on seven dresses. "Girls like that really turn me on." 2) To turn (someone) on . ex.To excite (often sexually). to listen to the radio/a podcast.

= Don't worry they'll wait for you." Turn (something) up: To make something louder. ex. To be found. "I woke up at 7:00 AM this morning. ex." W Wait on: To serve (in a restaurant). they'll wait up for you." Turn up: Appear.) ex. ex. "As a cameraman. ex. I would veer away from those types of shots. etc. "Turn up the radio ." Wake up: To awaken. ex. "I want to go back to school. To stop sleeping." 2) To appear. ex. "Don't worry. ex. ex. I don't want to wait on tables forever.Turn out: 1) To produce an unexpected result.How am I supposed to brush my teeth?" V Veer away from: To avoid. ex." Wait up (on/for) someone: To wait. To come. an event. ex. but it turns out he had been lying to me all along." Vote down: To defeat in a vote.000 people turned out for the concert. "My brother waited the storm out in the car. "You used up all the toothpaste ." 41 ." Wait (something) out: To wait for something bad/negative to pass. "I'm sure your wallet will turn up somewhere.I love that song!" U Use up: To use all of something. "500. (to a protest. "I thought he was an honest man. "The senate voted down the president's proposed bill.

" Water down: To add water to something (usually used when someone adds water to alcohol. etc. concerts. etc." Wear in: To make comfortable by usage. "Game 1 was washed out. get away with. etc. "I've been trying to wear in these new sneakers." Watch out (for): To be careful. "Game 1 was washed out." Wear on: To continue (gradually). Often used to talk about shoes. To fade. "The thieves walked off with a million dollars. ex. etc. concerts. and unexpectedly see/discover someone or something. wearing. ex.) ex. etc. ex. ex. ex. ex. "I'm sure they water down the beer/This beer tastes watered down. ex. ex. "Make sure you wash up before dinner." Wash up: To wash." Walk off with (something): To steal. clean oneself. "My parents walked in on us kissing." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain." Wear off: To stop working." 42 . "The protests tailed off as the night wore on. "The numbness will wear off in two hours. "There's a school at the end of this block. Used for sporting events. ex. Watch out for children crossing the street." Wash out (usually used in the passive form): To not happen because of rain. Used for sporting events.Walk in on (something/someone): To enter into a room.

"I just need to wind down for a couple of hours. "You won't be able to wiggle out of going this time. "My daily routine really wears me out. "Martin works out three times a week. interpose. ex." 2) To make someone very tired. etc." Wiggle/wriggle out (of something): To avoid doing something through excuses. ex. explanations." Work off: To lose (usually by exercise)." Wind up: To finish." Whip out: To remove something (very quickly). ex. "I wore out my shoes in about six months.Wear out: 1) To wear so much that something becomes too old/ damaged to wear. ex. "We were talking about my favorite book. he is going to wind up in jail. "The writer worked in a couple of extra passages. "If he doesn't get his act together. "I'm glad your new consulting business is working out. "Hunters wiped out all the deer in this region. ex. ex. "That hike really wiped me out!" 2) To completely get rid of. ex. ex. "I need to work off a few pounds." Work in: To include." Work out: 1) To be successful. ex." Whip up: To quickly make. To spend time in a relaxing way." 2) To exercise (usually with weights). ex. ex. ex." Wipe (someone) out: 1) To exhaust (someone). when he whipped it out of his backpack. ex. "He whipped up some sandwiches. to make (someone) really out." Weed out: To remove less desirable parts/elements of something. eliminate." 43 . End up. create something to eat. "He weeded out all the rotten berries. ex." Wind down: To relax.

effort. etc. "The owl zoned in on the squirrel.). ex. = Write your name. ex." 44 . "Write down your name." Write up: To prepare a report." Z Zero in on: To focus on. ex. To pinpoint. "He kept yakking on for hours about how great things were going for him. ex. "He wrote up a business proposal when he was applying for loan. "OK. "He zoned out during the lecture. To space out. "Try to zoom in so we can get a better look.Work up: To develop (due to work. let's wrap up for today." Zone out: To stop paying attention. ex. etc. ex." Write (something) down: To write something.) ex. "He worked up quite a sweat after running for 2 hours. To bring to a conclusion." Y Yak on: To keep talking (too much). ex." Zone in on (something/someone): To focus (on something). ex." Wrap up: To finish. "The authorities zeroed in the fugitive's location. To start paying attention (to something)." Zoom in: To view at a closer range (usually with a camera lenses. ex. "He wrote the incident off as unimportant." Write (something) off: To dismiss (something).

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