HEADQUARTERS

1841h AAA
GUll

B" 1M)

APO 638, US Army 26 September 1945.

FOREWORD
The following report is an attempt to give the history of the 184th AAA Gun Bn. (M) from the time it was activated until just prior to its being returned to the United States from Germany [or demobilization. This history is dedicated to the Officers 'and men who so faithfully served under me throughout the European. War and who so valihntly served as to establish a record envied by all others. We had nwny rough days and nights together 'and many happy occasions and it was thrOltgh these that we w-ere so strongly molded together as to form us into a unit strong ~~ p,urpo'se and mind and with one aim, to perform our assigned task in a suIJe,-ior manner. This we did and I am If5rateful for having had the privilege of comanding such a unit. Your return to the States should be a happy one and it is sincerely hoped that you will not be calle&. away from youII' families again for such a cause. May this history serve as a reiresher to, YOlLrmemory and be a source o] enjoym'€nt to you, your family, and friends. Best wishes to all. JULIAN S_ ALBERGOTTI Lt. Colonel, CAC, Commanding.

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HISTORY OF 184TH AAA GUN BATIALION (M)
The 184th in Training
10 August 1943 to 31 December 1943

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As the Duchess of Richmond sailed up the Clyde River on that clay, 8 ~ugust 1943, the men of the entire 61st C. A. Regiment lined the rails on both sides drinking in the beauty of the country. After those long eighteen months on the "Rock" where vegetation was scarce, lava rock plentiful, and a fertile valley was but a dream, the sight of trees, green with theie summer foliage, of peaceful valleys filled with well cultivated and bountiful fields, 3lncl of the grassy hills and mountainsides dotted _ with grazing herds of cattle and flocks of sheep made this part of Scotland appear a veritable paradise 1;0 the Iceland boys. They mad to stop and think; before they remembered that the country they saw before them as they moved slowly up the River, was in) comparison to many other parts of the world p rettly rugged. As their boat dropped anchor, impatience mounted, for at long last their dreams of being hack in civilization were 'Coming true. The United Kingdom wasn't Home, to be sure, but its inhabitants spoke English and the old problems of resorting to sign language in carrying on a conversation or putting across a man's meanings or desires would be forgotten, and besides the trees in this country, there were other, added attractions. Now and then coming up the Clyde the men had seen these attractions on the distant shore and the talk of passes and furloughs grew

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even more. Everyone was anxious to get off the boat and into some camp to get organ ized, all knowing those furloughs they had hoped for couldn't start before then. The process of disembarking and entraining went quickly and smoothly, and througho ut the whole outfit one could hear "This Tr ansportatioer Corps is alright". "They reaJly know how to make things move along". As the train pulled out word had gotten around as to their destinationHoniton, Devon. That was on the south coast of England, and a hell of a Jot closer to Jerry than the "Rock". Speculation was pretty high as to what the Army had in store for the outfit even though all knew there would have to be some delay EO{ retraining and ou rfitting the three separate battalions that were to he made out of the old 61st. The trip from Scotland down to Houiton took about twenty hours but under t.hecare of the Transportation Corps everything went smoothly, and the outfit wag. gratified to find itfelf occupying a former, semi-permanent, British camp, whose name, Heathfield, the American Army never changed, On leI August 1943 the fi'rst battalion of the 6lst C. A. (A.A.) Reg't officially became the 184th AAA Gun Bn (M) with a strength of 348 enlisted men, 2 Warrant Officers ·ana' 20 Of· ficers. This change was not made without a touch of nostalgia. Many of the men had served years with the 6lst and were proud of its past record fmc tradi lions. From 10 August to 6 October 1943 the battalion remained at Camp Heathfield. It came as a disappointment to all personnel when they realized the Army desired to have th!e 184th fully equipped and trained prior to granting the men furloughs. The days were busy though as the newequipment arrive-] and training plans and physical hardening programs w,erecan·iecl out. Though all the men in the battalion had had a great deal of training and actual experience as A. A. troops, there were many things that needed to be hrush,!ecl up ou, When in Iceland all the batteries hut "A" had bad the old 3 inch AA Gun and the new issue of 90MM Gtms at Heathfidd presented a prohlem of familiarization to the gun crews. The Range crews also had II new type of Director

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while 0 ther sections in the batteries were busy conditioning and training with equipment that was a new issue to them. On 6 October 1943 the 1841h battalion left Heathfield and IDO ed hy motor ionvoy to Camp Cleve, Bude, Cornwall, a British AI'my AA firing camp overlooking the Irish Sea. It had been lend-leased with its British Instructor Personnel to the American Army. The gun sections of each battery took a separate route to Bude from the rest of the batteries, stopping neal' Dartmoor, Cornwall, for one day and a night to conduct anti-tank firing, whieh proved more of a familiarization course than actual training. The battalion stayed at Camp Cleve until 2 Novemhel' 1943. During this period valuable intensive training with the tactical equipment was carried out. The Br iti It team of instructors were most ccopera tive and did everything in their power to enable the battalion to get full benefit of the facilities. The contrast between the American gun drill and methods of operation , hook" the British a bit, hut they studied it and worked out with the officers a drill that incorporated the best of the British and. American systems. Each batte.ry fired -app roximately 300 rounds of 90 MM ammunition at sleeves, towed by RAF planes, u ing director co ntro l, gun control, radar pick-up, and unseen methods of firing. As the battalion prepared to return to Camp Heathfield, all personnel had a feeling of satisfaction, knowing they had learned a great deal and had shown a remarkable improvement in their drill and handling of equipment. However, all realized they would need a great deal more work tegether b fore they would he thoroughly proficient. The arrival on 25 October 1943 of 300 enlisted men and 3 officers and on 30 October 193 of 56 more enlisted men, made that real izatiion clearer. Though these new men, from the 109th AAA Gun Rn and the 10th Replacement Center were all trained AA men, it took time to develop a smoothly operating team. With the return to Camp Ireathfield in Honitcn after a one day motor convoy from Camp Cleve at Bude, the battalion continued its' training and physical hardening program. All overnight hivouac 4 to 5 November on East Hill about eight miles southwest

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of Houiton brought out new problems and difficulties, the answers to which could only be found in further field maneuver. The battalion after about ten days of training in Camp again conducted field exercises during the period from 15-18 .ovember. Each battery moved into position, dug in, constructed camouflage and spent a night at its position. These exercises took place on Glettisham Hill approximately five miles southeast of Honiton. The former experience of those that had participated in the Louisiana mauuevers was very noticeable, hut still all hoped to have more training in the field before taking part in the actual campaigns that everyone knew were coming some day. The 20th of November 1943 saw the battalion once again in motor convoy heading for Camp Cleve at Bude in Cornwall. The battalion by tbis time boasted a total strength of 716 enlisted men, 2 Warrant Officers and 28 Officers, for an 14 November, twelve enlisted men and five Officers were assigned. The 184th remained at Camp Cleve this time for two weeks. Training and firing was hampered by traditional Cornwall weather with much rain and almost continually low hanging clouds. Every break in the weather was taken advantage of but even then little high angle sleeve firing was possible. When the RAF tow planes conld fly, th.~y were forced most of the time to follow\ a course at relatively short range From the guns and at a low angle for seen firing, and consequently the firing did not appear too good dn to erratic data. However, wheu the battalion left Bude, this time, imprcveruent over their last performance at the Camp was decided, and the men and officers were more sure of themselves and their abilities. The 4th of December 1943, when the qutfit returned to Houiton, is a day that will be long remembered by the personnel of the 184th AAA Gun Battalion. While at Camp Cleve, each battery had been issued two M-4 tractors in lieu of two 6 ton Prime movers which previously were used to pull the 90 MM gun . Men experjenced at driving caterpillars and tractors in civi liar life were found amongst the battery personnel, and were given as much. training a possible driving thes M·4 tractors before the battalion returned to Camp Heathfield. During these days of

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training, the drivers experienced some difficulty with the teel treads of the tractors sliding on corners and when stopping. All went well the first fifteen miles of the 77 mile trip, and then things began to happen. The road was still wet hom an earlier rain, and when Battery D's column came to a sudden stop its leading tractor skidded and turned over on its side blocking the entire road. Their second tractor also skidded ending up in a barn by the side of the road, whose brick wall crumbled under the impact. A Battery B tractor following battery D's convoy also skidded when it had to stop and toppled over the small retaining wall of a bridge it was crossing, landing in a stream some eight feet below the road's surface. Bat'tery A' column coming up to this scene about ten minutes later, stopped. One of its tractors skidded too but it was more fortunate, as it came to a halt in a ditch, from which it was able to b~ extricated under its own power .. Lt. Colonel ALBER GO TTl's arr iva] on the scene came after the total damage had been ascertained and it was found that all personnel riding those tractors had escaped injury although the tractor of Battery D, and the one of Battery B, lying in the stream, were damaged to varying degrees. Thle Co lonel upon hearing the final tally wa reported to have ~urned to his driver and asked "Now do you want to take over command of this battalion ?". As the tractors were righted and the convoy was able to get under way again, the personnel in the battalion on hearing the rumor of the Colonel's statement, began to realize that the "Old Man's" job wasn't as simple as it looked. Four days after. the 184th arrived back at Camp Heathfield in Honiron, it formed again in convoy and moved to Camp Blandford, Dorset, which was to be its home base until 23 Marchi 1944. That camp with its semi-permanent barracks was an ideal camp from Army viewpoints, but to the men it seemed too for away from civilization to be ever clas ified by their standards as a "Good Camp '. On 13 December 1944 the entire battalion left Camp Blandford for a five day maneuver. This was not to be a simple overnight bivouac such as the battalion had participated in on Q'ettishal''; Hill in November, but a manuever made as realistic as possible

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with actual installation to guard, a hypothetical enemy situation. with mock ground attacks by units of the US First: Division to cope with, The battalion took up posrtrons on the first day guarding the landing area around Swanage, Dorset, on the Channel Coast. Positions were occupied and emplacement's were dug to the loudly stated hope that the Continent would not have the stony soil that this part of England boasted. As dad ness fell, the battalion found it elf defending its sites from infiltrating First Division Troops, and the hour wa late before those not on guard could wrap up in blankets in an attempt to protect themselves from the bitter cold and try to sleep hoping they would not be "attacked" again. At 1700 hours on the 14th December th'iC battalion received "Marcl1 Order" and prepared to move some sixty miles to Upottery, Devon, where they would go into positions defending an airdrome. Those sixty miles, Iiefore they were finished, were a headache to all; but a valuable lesson. The 92nd AAA Group who was umpiring these manuevers was the cause of the headaches, as it declaired bridge after bridge impassable due to hypothetical enemy bombing, and the 184th batteries had to find alternate routes and try to keep their convoys together. Before dawn 00. the 15th of D cember, the whole battalion had arrived at its destination and was ready for action. These positions were occupied until 1000 hour 17 December when the battalion returned to Camp Blandford wiser from its experiences and more alert to the problems it might have to face when it joined the Campaign on the COIltinent, From 17 December 1943 to 31 December 1943,. the 184th remained at Camp Blandford, carrying out further training on their equipment and their usual camp duties. Christma came with a turkey dinner for the battalion which s;urpassec1 all other feasts anyone had known in the Army, but in the hearts of all, from those for whom this was the second Christmas overseas, to those for whom this was their first Christmas away from home, was a deep longing to be back with their familie, sharing this day with the ones they loved.

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"\Vith the new year came new hopes and new wcndei-ings, How much longer would these men of the battalion and the million or so other Americans have to keep waiting here in England? When would the long talked of "D" Day corne? It culdn't he long now most of them thought as they saw and heard of the COI1tinous flow of troops and materiel coming over from the Staates,

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THE WINTER OF 43-44 AT BLANDFORD
1 January 1944 to 23 March 1944
With the beginning of the New Year, the long hoped for big events of 1944 didn't come about, but the battalion starred a new pb ase of its training . ew Year's Day saw Battery A moving alone hy convoy to take up a tactical position in the A:A defense of London. The old British gun site at Lippitts Hill, Essex, some 10 wiles northeast of the center of London was to be their site until 9 June 1944, except for about four weeks in 'larch and April. 'ntil March they were to have the combined mission of being part of the anti-aircraft defenses of London and also to be camp complement for a school on a new type of AA equipment, which! was to be conducted under the auspices of the AA Section, ETO SA. The departure of Batfery A was envied by the rest of the battalion but from 4 January to 5 January, batteries Band C, plus the operations and communications sections of Headquarters Battery, were busy participating in a ba ttalion tactical exercise in the vicinity of Wareham, Dorset. Thl-ee days after the return of these batteries t'o Camp Blandford, the battalion entered into its period of mobile training. The 11th Briti h AA Training Brigade through another lendlease arrangement between the American and British Armies, a ttached its mobile training officers to the 184th for the purpose of instruction. The main subjects to be covered were movement in and out of position, cover and concealment, track discipline, and convoy control. These British Officer had long and varied experience behind them. Their was not the knowledge that comes only from bool s, for several of them had been through the cam• T

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paigns In Tunisia, and all had gone through extensive training 111 England. As the 184th was the fir t American unit they had trained, the British instructors had to work out with the battalion personnel the problems and adaptation in making the Br-itish drill fit American equipment, tactics, and customs. The entire month of January was spent by the battalion participating in this mobile training. From 8 to 15 January, daily exercises were conducted including convoy movement to and frorn posltions within a radius of approximately thirty miles 'Of Blandford. This first phase 'Of training utilized for the most part, skeleton batteries, which included officers, key non-commissioned 'Officers, drivers, and assistant drivers. One meal each day was cooked in the field and the batteries returned to Camp Blandford each night. No other equipment besides the battery vehicle were used during' this we:ek. The next ten days found batteries B, C, und D, and the Operat ious and Communications Sections 'Of Headquarters Battery, moving out into the field daily, eating one meal and returning to Camp Blandford each 'evening. All equipment was used during this phase of the training, and all aspects of mobile training were emphasized. Though the weather was often bitterly cold and unplea ant, all pel' onne] welcomed this training for they knew that it would stand t'hem\ in gO(ld sl!ead in the future. Despite the hard wor l and long freezing hours, the clays passed rapidly, and morale was high. On 26 and 27 January, the battalion to ok part in field exercises in the vicinity of Weymouth and Dorchester, and on this overnight manuever, found the principles learned iu the past three weeks, working smoothly. Eeach battery occupied two different positions with long convoy movements between each. The 49th AAA Brigade to which the 184th had been attached since 21 December 1943 planned manuevers for 29 and 30 January, in which the 184th battalion, plus the 633rd and 635th Automatic Weapon battalions would participate, Once again the 1841 h saw at first hand the worth of their past months of training, and the manuevers proceeded smoothly. All could 10Dk back to the

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Swauage exercises in December and feel that they had come a long way towards being a more efficient outfit. From the beginning of February to the 231'd of March 1944, tbe men of the battalion carried on with their camp duties ami training at Camp Blandford, but after the busy days of mobile training it was a let-down to have nothing specific to do. Giying (lemonstrations in gun drill and occupation of po itions to other gun battalions' who arrived at Camp Blandford for mohi le training h!:dped to keep the personnel busy. On 29 February 1944 Battery B' number three gun crew put on a demonstration for highranking British and American Officers. The emplacement, gUll drill and march oder drill of this section working with its 90 'lM gun, won for them and their battery commander Captain KELLEHER, a commendation from the 49th AAA Brigade Commander, General TIMBERLAKE. This commendation was highly deserved, for they emplaced their gun in one minute and fifty-three seconds and prepared it for movement in one minute and forty-one se-conds, March 23rd 1944 brought proof at last to the rumors which had. been running rampant the preceeding week or so, for on that date, the battalion less battery A, moved by motor convoy to the London area where they were to take up positions to supplement the British "Ack Ack" defenses of England's capital city. Battery A, after their New Year's Day convoy to London, settled down in Lippitts Hill Camp. The camp wa in a run down condition and all could see that much work would he necessary to place it in readiness for an inspection. For the first few weeks there the battery could not fire for lack of IFF equipment on their new radar, though one night they did Fire, using a prediction method of fire, that is, firing at a point where the plane should be when the rounds burst. The hattery had a direct line to the CP of the 4S0th HAA Battery of the British Army and received plots from them. During the time there, Battery A and the, British sites nearby worked ill very close cooperation. Once the battery was settled, the equipment in working condition and the camp cleaned up, passes were given to the men so

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that they might visit the nearby towns. With so many British unit nearby there was an abundance of ATS Girls for socia I affairs that were held on an average of five per week, in the form of dances, shows, and round table discussions that were held on occasions. While in London, representatives of the US and British Press, came to the site to get the dope 011 the first' US Army AA Battery, ill th~ Loudon Defenses. Papers from Coast to Coast in the States and British Dailies gave quite a bit of publicity to these boys wlro were having the time of their lives. The following is a commendation received for Battery A from a British G'eneral, with indorsements by Br:igade, Group, and the battalion commander: Fr:om Major-General Commander E.A.E. TR ; MLETT, A A A Group C.B.

Headquarters, 1 AA Gt·oup 247 Knightsbridge, S.W. 7 14 March 44 Dear General: On the eve of the departure of Captain ANDERSO -r and "A" Battery, 184 AAA Gun Bn, from the London Area, I am writing to tell you how very sorry we are that they are going. Their keenness and the cooperation they have shown at all times, have been an outstanding example to us all. I only hope they have enjoyed being in action in London as m.... h as we have enjoyed having them with us. c Yours sincerely,

/sl E. Tremlett

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Brigadier-General E. R. Timberlake, 49th AAA Brigade, Blandford Camp, Dorset. 1st Ind Headquarters 49th AAA Brigade, APO 597, USArmy, 18 March 194"~ TO: Commanding Officer, Battery "A", 184th AAA Gun Bn, APO 597, US Army. (THRU: Commanding Officer, 92nd AAA Group) 1. It is a great pleasure, to forward this commendation from Major General E.A.E. Tremlett, RA, British Army, Commanding Lst AA Group, Military District of London, as it confirms the impression of all officers who have inspected "A" Battery, 184,th AAA Gun Bn in position. 2. A copy of the commendarion will be attached to the personnel file of the officers and key NCO'S concerned, and will become a part of the permanent records of the 184th AAA Gun Bn. This commendation will be read to all units of the 184th AAA Gun Bn at the next formation after receipt. lsi E. W. Timberlake It/ E.W.Timberlake Brig. General, Commanding. SA,

HEADQ ARTERS, 92nd AAA Group, 19 March 1944. TO: Commanding Officer, 184th AAA Gun Bn, APO 597, US Army. 1. I am glad to see that record of performance. the 184th Bn is maintaining its high

2nd Iud APO 597, US Army.

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G. 0. McCaustland Colonel, CAC Commanding.

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· 3rd Ind. HEADQUARTERS, 184th AAA Gun Bn, APO 597, US Army, 21 March 1944. TO: Commanding US Army. Officer, Battery A, 184th AAA
GUll

Bn, APO 597,

1. I wish to add my sincere thanks for the manner ill which YOUI: battery performed its duties while in the London area. To be held in such high esteem by a top ranking officer is most worthy and is warranted only by performance of assigned duties in a superior manner.

/5/

Julian S. Albergotti, Lt. Colonel, CAe, Commanding.

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TIfE 184 TH IN LONDON
23 March 1944 to 9 June 1944
Battery A had returned to Camp Blandford on 16 March 1944 for the purpose of participating in the Mobile Training Program the remainder of the battalion hac jh t completed. They were attached to the 108th AAA Gp, and in turn to the IJ:5th AAA Gun Bn for their training. After the action they had seen ill London, the men of Battery A were depr-e sed to find themselves (a seasoned lot of fighting men) hack to the drab routine of training; but with the indomitable spirit for which this battalion famed, they took their place and as always did their job, distasteful though it was, in an exemplary manner. The remainder of the battalion arriving at their new positions on 3 March began at once to "PneparC! for Action". The hatteries were located in the following po itions: Battery BFincbley, Middlesex, Middlesex, 6 miles north of London. 8 miles northeast Au island in Thamer 10 miles

Battery C - Enfield, of London.

Battery D - Canvey Island, Essex. River, 35 miles east of London. Headquarters northeast Battery of London. Lippitts

Hill, Essex,

With morale soaring higher than the "Jerry" they had come to destroy, no time was wasted before Battalion Headquarters sent word that the battalion was "Ready for Action". Battery B of the 115th AAA GUll Bn was attached to this battalion and tool up po itions at Lippitts Hill, E sex, approxi-

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'mately 10 wiles northeast of London. This was previously the -eamp of Battery A, 184th AAA Gun Bn. The battalion was attached to Central Base Section for supplies, quarters, rations, and administration. At 2357 hours 24 March, Battery C opened fire on an enemy AIC being the first battery to open fire since the battalion's arr-ival. Soon afterward, at 0001 hours on 25 March, Battery B loosed a barrage of 90 rounds, and at DOll' hours, Battery D's guns roared, completing the battalion. All of the battalion's 16 gulns had fired upon enemy A/C in defense of the city of London. From this time until the destruction of th:e German Air Force was completed, this battalion was almost constantly operational. The batteries were alerted almost daily and fired approximate Five courses each, expending 875 rounds of ammunition from the 24 th of March until the 19th of April and claiming the destruction of 2 enemy AIC during that period. On the 21st of April Battery A rejoined thehattaHon and once again took up position at Lipp itts Hi(ll Camp" At which time Battery B of the 115th AAA Gun Bn was relieved from attachment to the 184th and rejoined its outfit. On 4 May 1944 thes battalion wa assigned to the 1st Army Group and attached to ADSEC effective upon its arrival on the Continent. At 0800 hours the 24th of May the battalion was relieved of operational duties to prepare for overseas movement The grapevine carried the message but as all grapevines do, it ended up as "Movement to the States" and most of the men were ready to go after 27 months overseas. But the 6th of June found the battalion clinging to their radios and wondering if that "Preparation Order" did say the States. It didn't, for on the 9th of June, the battalion moved to' a marshalling area located near Lynhurst, Hampshire, and remained there until the 15th of June malding last minute. preparations for "Their Big Push". On the 15th of June the hattalion moved to a POE at Southampton at which time the batteries were separated and were transported independen tly to France.

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THE NORMANDY CAMPAIGN
16 [una 1944 to 24 August 1944
With the arrival of the battalion in the Marshalling Area on the south coast of England near Sonthampton, on 9 June 1944, officers and men were tense, knowing that soon they would he crossing the Channel, and what awaited them there could only he imagined. The assurance of the Marshalling Area Personnel that the unit probably would clear through their hands in a day's time did not come true, In fact it was six clays before the battalion moved clown to the boats, but these days were occupied by putting the finishing touches an the water-proofing of the equipment, and taking full advantage of the ample recreational facilities in the Area. "You've had it - six o'clock", was the cryptic statement the officers of the battalion heard, spoken by Lt Colonel ALBERGOTTI, early in the morning of the 15th, that made them realize their "D Day" had come. The entire battalion was soon marched from the tent area down to the truck park, where last minute checks were made on the water-proofing, and the men loaded into their respective vehicles. However, once again everyone learned the old Army game "Hurry Up and Wait". Though Batteries Band C and Headquarters Battery left the marshalling area on the morning of the 15th, they progressed no further than the dock area where they bivouaced for th night. On the rnorniug of the 16th, Battery B and Headquarters Battery loaded on separate Liberty ships and moved out into Southampton Harbor where anchor was chopped and they waited for a convoy to form. It wasn't until 0645 hours 17 June 1944 that these two batteries set sail, arriving just off Omaha Beach about

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2200 hours that night. Battery C boarded an LST at 1800 hours the 16th of June and after a 17 hour channel crossing debarked at 1300 hours 17 June on Omaha Beach. Batteries A and D remained at the marshalling area the night of the 15th, and it was Battery A alone that left the next day. They moved to the clock area about 1400 hours of the 16th, loaded onto three LCT's, and by 2100 hours that same day were under way for ormandy. A'rriving at Omaha Beach, the early afternoon of the 17th, they disembarked from their LCT's which lowered their landing ramps an the tide receded, unloading the battery on practically dry land. Battery D, after spending another night at the marshalling area, was finally notified last but far from least at 0445 hours 18 June. They were loaded onto LST's and left port that night at 24,00 hours. They arrived off Omaha Beach on the 19th of June hut could not land until 1645 hours 20 June on account of the rough sea, Thus by the 20th, hatteries A, C, and D were ashore and all three after a night in a transit area during which, they were initiated to the "Fireworks" put on at night by AA units who had landed on the Beach previous to the 184th, moved into their tactical positions about five miles inland, Battery Band Headquar-ters Blltteq, however, remained on their Liberty ships anchored off Omaha Beach. According to original plans, both Battery B and Headquarters Battery, were scheduled to be unloaded from their Liberty ships onto "Rhinos" and moved into shore on the 18th, hut that day saw the beginning of the seven day storm with its high gales which came close to spelling the doom for the entire Allied Forces already ashore in ormandy, On the 18th' ne ertheless, an attempt was made to unload Battery B. A Radar accompanied by 2 officers and 8 enlisted men was all that could be moved ashore in the rough sea. It was not until the 25th that the rest of Battery B and all of Headquarters Battery, minus Majors ]OH SO and AR {STRONG, who three days earlier had managed to get ashore, were unloaded from their ships, and ferried to the Beach. Both of the e batteries were in action on the 27th of June.

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That week spent on the Liberty ships by Headquarters Battery and Battery B was anything but pleasant. With their ships tossing and ro lling at anchor, many found that they were landlubbers at heart, and swore the only other time they would be induced to get on board a ship would be for their trjp hack to the State. Besides the inconveniences of a rolling bunk, the men sweated out the nightly visit of "Bed Check Charlie" and his Luftwaffe friends. It was an awe inspiring sight to watch from this point' of vantage off shore, the terrific AA barrage which met any of the Nazi planes, and lighted the night with hundreds of red tracer streams from automatic weapons, and aerial bursts from the big guns. The men on ship felt more constrained than ever and felt a grealfer interest in the success of the flak on land than in its colorful display. One time when a Jerry plane got through to the ships, dropping a bomb uncomfortably close to Battery B's ship - - In answer to a startled "What was that?", a voice was heard in the inky blackne - _" A Biggeda Splash!" While those two batteries were awaiting the calming of the storm, batteries A, C, and D, had dug into their positions' and joined the other AA battalions throwing up the barrage that met every Luftwaffe attempt. During this time the three batterie were attached to the 413th AAA Glun Bn which did all in it power to render assistance and advice. The arrival of Majors JOHNSON and ARMSTRONG 00 22 June helped coordinate the batteries and brought the long awaited news as to the whereabouts o~ Battery B and Head, quarters Battery. During this first' week in ormandy, the "Lo ne Marmer", made his appearance. It was none other than the Battalion MT officer. Through an oversight, he had failed to Joad on the Liberty ship to which h:e was assigned, so he talked his way onto another. The sto'rrn had delayed his debarking too for six days, much to his concern, but when he finally arrived at Battery A and found that Headquarters Battery had not debarked, his conscience felt clearer. And so Finally on 26 June 1944 the battalion was reassembled and was able to throw its full weight into the ski'es in the Battle

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for the Beaches. For its entire stay on the Beach, the 18 th was attached to the 18th AAA Group under the 49th AAA Brigade, part of the First US Army. The 184th remained in the Omaha Beach area until 2 August 1944, during which time only hatterie Band C, made a minor move. Thlese moves consisted only of a few miles but necessitated the back-breaking job of digging new emplacements. The fonr batteries had a total number of 157 engagements of enemy aircraft. From these the battalion was awarded five confirmed Category I claims (E/ A definitely shot down by the battalion) and four confirmed Category II claims (E/A damaged to an extent not likely to return to base). A t(otal of 3,057 90 MM rounds were fired during thes petriod. All rounds were fired using unseen methods of fire control. The machine gunners got their innings in too on Omaha Beach, having a total of eleven engagementa ill the battalion, firing 4,930 rounds of .50 caliber ammunition. It was Battery B's machine gunner who won top honors by shooting down an ME 109 on 19 July, for which they gained full credit. These days on Omaha Beach taught the hattalion a great deal, and welded it even more firmly into an outfit sure of itself and capable, Though in comparison to the front line troops some five to ten miles away, life was easy, hnt it wasn't all peaches and cream either. Pup tents were the usual sleeping shelt rs, though a few enterprising individuals built shacks close by their fox holes and emplacements. As the US Air Forces retained almost complete control of the air, with only an occasional German plane sneaking through, the battalion did most of its work at night, going on duty at the order of "Comet" whida came about 2300 hours, until "Sun" about 0530 hours. It was cluring these hours that no friendly planes were permitted to fl over the Beach Area and any plane brought the gun crews into action. Those were long and often cold nights e pecially when Jerry thought better of tempting Fate with bombing or reconnaissance mis ions. When' Sun" came down to the batteries over the command net, it was welcomed by all, ami breakfast at that time seemed almost a feast after the tense night hours.

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Mortling found most of the men sleeping, while the afternoon was often occupied with dutie around the site. The whole battalion's morale was boosted those days when they found in the Stars and Stripes that the GI's correspondent, Ernie Pyle, had not' forgotten them and had written a series of articles about AA, which for tho e lucky ones who saved them, will always be prize souvenirs. The announcement by the 49th Brigade of a competrtron between all gun batteries for the best looking site brought forth some of the old fashioned Army moaning from all personnel, hut a their sites were cleaned lip and as a result life became more comfortable, they realized the reason for this competition. Battery D won the first gun site contest held by the 18th AAA Group, while Headquarter Battery copped top honors for it type of site. In th next competition, Battery Al placed first amongst the Group gun sites. There was one night on the Beach which no man there will ever forget. About midnight the stillness was broken by rifle shots which eemed to come from thel area near Battery B's position. When the shots broke out' again backed by the pounding of a maehfine gun, everyone felt uneasy, and in every mind we re the questions, "Could German Paratroopers have landed?", "Is there a breal -through?" Guards became more alert as they peered into the darkness. As the minutes went hy, more shots could be heard, and in half an hour, there seemed to be spattering of shots from all directions, near and far. Not many from any one pla e bbt enough to give one a definite cau e for nneasiness. Questioning over the battalion telephone net between batterie could find no specific cause for this rifle firing, but guards were doubled just in case. Earlier that clay a rumor from the Front about the Germans using ga had spread all over the Beach like wildfire, and with this thought prominent in all minds, plus the uneasiness brought on by the small arms firing, just the mention of the word "Gas" brought the rattle of a gas alarm in one outfit vhich was passed rapidly all through the section where Battery B was located. Gas masks WeI!"C donned in a hurry, no one wantiug ('0 take a d-.!a.nce. The falseness of this order was soon erificd

22

though and masks were removed. Every mind was finally set at rest by public address ystems mounted on cruising' trucks, which had heen ordered out by Corps Headquarters. The loud booming voiced statement being "There is no gas. There j no gas. Do not sound the gas alarm unless positive that gas is bemg used". "There is no gas", had a calming inrlbence and by this nime the small arms firing had died out completely, and slowy all began to realize that what they had just experienced was an example of mass hyste~·a. It was on a very, very small scale, and can ed little harm, but served as a warning to what might happen if on let his mind run riot, accepting any noise or rumor as cause for alarm. On 25 July, the hattalion, especially Battery B, had vantage points of observation as they watched the swarms of American bombers high in the sky flying in towards St Lo, dropping their cargo and returning home, after opening the way foI' the all important St Lo breakthrough. After seeing that sight and the forces of American and British homhers that continued to come over the succeeding days, all realized that the days on Omaha "Beach were almost at the end, and speculation mounted as to where next. August 2nd brought the answer as the battalion was relea ed from the '49th AAA Brigade and the First Army and attached to Communications Zoue Headquarters. In the early hours of that same day the battalion received orders to move to Cherbourg in defense of the harbor. The journey to Cherbourg on 2 August 1944 was made without mishap, and proved interesting. The route led over the course of one of the main drives on that vital French port, and after seeing the towns of Valenciennes and Montehourg terribly sma bed from the fighting, the battalion couldn't help but feel fortunate that they had not heen called upon to take part in the front line fighting. Their estimation of the Infantry went' up even higher as the batteries drove through the Cherbourg defenses which had proved a hard nut to crack. AU batteries were ready for action by the evening of 2 Augu t, having taken up positions on the west side of Cherbourg and its Harbor. After the almost nightly action on the Beach, it wa

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a let-down for all when the Luftwaffe observation plane discontinued its lone sorties over Cherbourg when fired on by the battalion the first two nights they were in position. After that not a single Jerry made his appearance over the Harbor, although the battalion continued its nightly vigil of the skies. In aU only 80 90 MM rounds were fired during the days at Cherbourg, Life at Cherbourg remained on the same schedule as on Omaha Beach. Passes into Cherbourg, however, were granted, which helped break the monot'ony. For many it was their fir t chance tobecome acquainted with France and its people, hut in that port filled with American troops struggling with tdIe gigantic task of moving supplies to the Armies, the town was able to furni h. little in the way of recreation. Even the Far-famed Calvados was ill' short supply. Batteries A and B were fortunate in havingposition on the water's edge and took full advantage of the swimming f'acilitie .

011 the 22nd of August, orders came clown from the IX Air Defense Command, to which the battalion had been assigned Oil - August 1944, directing the 184.th to turn over their positions toBriti h Gun Batt'eries. Thi order was greeted heartily with the hope of returning to an active zone. Rumors had it the ba ttalion, was heading fOI' Brittany probably around Brest.
On 26 August 1944, battery C moved from it position to a bivouac area near Ste Columbie, about 15 miles south of Cherbourg, On 111e next day, 23 August, Battery D left its site and went down to the same area. The rest of the battalion moved' there on 24 August, having been delayed pending the arrival of the Briti h Gun Batteries which had just arrived from England. The battalion as a unit moved on 26 August from their bivouac area to Hennes in Brittany. This movement of approximately 150 miles lead the 184th through mucJj of the area over whieb there had been heavy fighting just after the breakthrough, Le Haye-de-Puits Coutances, Granville and Avranclres. Evidence of the heavy fighting was visible 011 all sides, the accurate and deadly work of the Air Force f igters was plainly seen as here and there burned-out Gennan tanks and vehicle were pas ed, some lying alone, others

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In long lines where they had been caught and strafed while iJJ' convoy. Upon arrival at Rennes, the 184th took up posrtions III the ail" defense of this city and remained operational until the early morning of the 3rd of September. The battalion while at Henn s had no engagements with enemy aircraft', nor were any sighted in the area. During this week at Hennes everyone seemed more concerned in where the next move would take them than in remaining in that city. Some rumor which almost proved correct reported the defense of the area around Brest would be the next mission, while other rumors, and these were the most favored ones, said the battalion would proceed to Paris, and provide AA protection there. The 3rd of September brought confirmation to> the Paris rumor.

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PARIS
6 September 1944 to 6 November 1944
The morning of 4 September 1944 saw the battalion leaving Rermes by motor convoy for Paris, It was 10 bea two day trip, the total distance traveled, 220 miles. Paris had been liberated on 25 August 1944, although minor clashes with the few remaining German troops had occurred as late as 27 August, and on that night, the Luftwaffe had raided Paris, As the 184tll moved towards the French Capital it looked most probable that they would see action there, and the personnel looked Forward to it, but a greater interest seemed to be aroused over the speculations of the reception that might he waiting there in the city where all American troops hoped they would have the luck to be stationed, Again the battalion's convoy route ran through areas that had been witness to severe fighting. One of the Third Army's columns had followed this same approach from Brittany to Paris, through Virre, Laval, Vaiges and: Le Mans, These towns were passed the first day. Just outside Le Mans were the remains of a German heavy flak battalion that had heencaught on the road by our fighters. It appeared to have been wrecked completely and made all personnel of the 184th realize what it meant for the US Air Forces to have command of the skies so that the battalion could travel in convoy almost completely free from any threat of strafing attack. The battalion bivouaeed the night of 5 September about six miles northeast of Nogent-Le-Rotrou and early the next morning were rolling again. Theil' route this day lead th.em through Dreux. and Houdan, A halt was made just before Versailles to

26

await the return of the reconnai sance parties who would lead the batteries to their respective sites. That day even more than during the previou day, the evidences of the complete debacle of the Wehrmacht were visible. o t only were there German Army tanks, trucks and cannons strewn along the road, burned out and sho t to pieces by American Ail" and Ground Forces, but there were hundreds of civilian vehicles requisitioned by the Wehrmacht to aid in their hasty retreat which had been caught On the road hy P·47s and P-51s. Now and then the battalion passed tanks and parks of German vehicles that had beeu abandoned as their gas supply ran out. As the batteries wer-e led through Versailles by their reo connaissance parties, they were able to catch a hurried glimpse at the splendors of the far-famed Palace seemingly undamaged by the war. There were only few that day, 6 September, who were fortunate enough to even catch' a glimpse of Paris, for the battalion's positions were on the southeast of the city, ranging from two to six miles from its center. Battery A's site was neal' Meudon, in an old Wehrmadlt lal position complete with demolished guns, which battery A removed, and barracks. This position was well concealed, being hidden in a Jarge forest. Battery B moved to au old French Fort, Rede de Bruyeres, about 4'miles southeast of Paris. Theil' guns were placed 00 top of the fort in concret pits built but never occupied by the French, The men were quartered in emplacements beneath the fort. This fort wa completely outmoded and actually was a poor gun site due to the great amount of clutter 011 radar scope. Battery C occupied a former German site near Orly Field, about 8 mile southeast of Pari but later moved to a site on the grounds of the George Eastman Dental Clinic in Paris. Battery D also moved into an abandoned German Flak site near Plesi Robinson, approximately 3 miles southwest of Paris. They lived in pyramidal t en ts as no barracks were available. Battalion Headquarter moved into the Japanese Building of th City University and this was an ideal set-up, located right in the city and most comfortable and convenient.

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For about the first week the battalion was hu ied preparing its po 1t1On and then the batteries were given permis ion to send orientation tours of all personnel in trucks through the city of Paris. As the tactical situation developed with no enemy raids, a pass quota was set up and the battalion personnel were at last able to visit Paris on their own. Even at this time, approximately two weeks after their Liberation, the Parisians were greeting all American troops with open arms, and the city retained its carnival pirit for days to come. The two month that the 184th remained in the defen e of Paris will always remain in the memories of its men a ome of their best days on the Continent. All was not a vacation for there was continual work to be done improving the different sites and making the accomodations more pleasant in addition to the usual duties which always have to be performed. Operating crews for till equipment had to remain at the sites twenty-foul' hours a day and always ready for action but each section had eneugh personnel to fill by rotation their daily pass quotas. Besides the duties and work, there was always time each clay for those remaining in camp to participate in baseball or volJey ball games, and a battalion baseball league wag arranged with Battery A winning the Champion hip. By the end of October, rumors of leaving Pari were preading around the battalion. The idea of leaving a set-up such as the 184th had these past two months wasn't greeted too heartily, hut the hope of gerting baek into action and doing something that might directly affect the progress of the war was appealing. On the 16th of September 1944 while occupying the position in Paris and not ha ing need for all the transportation, a Proviional 'fl'ucking Company was formed and 45 vehicles with 155 enlisted men and 1 Officer (Captain TEDICK) left Pari iu convoy for Cherbourg. their ba e. At thi time the Armies were advancing rapidly and it was necessary to truck all supplies, as the railroads had been destroyed. The 6901st Provisional Trucking Company aided materially in aiding the Armies to get their supplies on time.

2K

PULDERBOSCH, BELGIUlVI
9 November to 21 December 1944
The 6th of November 1944 brought the answer to the rumors about leaving Paris, for on that day, the battalion began its two day convoy into Belgium to take its positions near Antwerp to aid in its defense against the Buzz Bomb attacks. Following the X Route around Paris, the 184.th's con oy passed through Senlis, Compiegne, Noyon, Ham, Cambrai and Valenciennes, bivouacing the first night at an airfield about six miles south of Mons. The next day, going through Mons, the convoy followed a route around Brussels, passing through Waterloo and over the old battlefields where Napoleon suffered defeat from the English and her Allies under Wellington_ It was while passing through this area that the battalion heard and saw its first Buzz Bomb. Three came roaring out of the east, pitting fire in a way which in a few months would be a most familiar sight to all personnel. This first experience with the pilotless aircraft as they Wartled overh-ead and into Brussels where the roar of their explosion could be heard, was rather awe-inspiring, and made everyone do a little serious thinking. Ju t touching the outskirts of Brussels, the battalion proceeded to Mechelin or Malines, where about three miles north of that city, it bivouaced. The battalion remained in this bivouac area the nights of the 7th and 8th. Here again as on their first night on Omaha Beach the 184th was treated to a display of AA shooting in which they were not taking part, but here was a different type of target, one which was more difficult than ever to hit, and one which was always a source of danger, especially when hit and falling no one knew where.

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On 9 November 1944 the battalion moved into its positions which had been reconnoitered the previous day. These P081tlOllS were all near the small town of Santhovsn, approximately fourteen miles due east of the center of Antwerp and directly in one of the paths followed by the V·Is launch'ed from Germany. To meet this defense problem the battery sites were in a straight line" per· pendicnlar to the course of the Buzz Bombs, approximately 1,000 yards apart. With the arrival in this area, the 184tb was relieved from attachment for operations to the IX Air Defense Command and attached operationally to the 21st Army Group directly under Antwerp X, commanded hy General CLARE ARMSTRONG, whieh controlled all the AA battalions defending the vital port of Antwerp., The first few days were busied with preparation of positions, which due to the lowness of the ground could not be dug in but had to be built up with sandbags, All personnel were throughly instructed in the new rules for engagement of pilotless aircraft, known unofficially as Buzz Bombs. Almost a week went by before the battalion. picke~ up its first target and went into action. "When tlie Buzz Bombs started to come, they didn't follow a schedule, for Jerry seemed to favor launching his "Secret Weapon" during periods of poor vis.ihility witli low hanging clouds. In all the 184th ha~:l a total of 142 engagements. (That does not mean 142 pilotless aircraft were fired upon for as II. general rule, all four batteries would engage the same target and the total is made up of the number of times each battery fired), The battalion fired 4,253 90 MM rounds almost entirely using unseen fire control Of tile battalion claims, 13 Category A (air bursts of target) and 48 Category B (ground bursts of target), were confirmed, which broken down by batteries amounted to the following: Battery A Battery B-1 Battery C Battery D Bu Total 3 Cat Cat 1 Cat 8 Cat 13 Cat "A" "A" 15 5 14 14 48 Cat "B" Cat "B" Cat"B" Cat "E" Cat "B"

"A" "A" "A" -

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The weather during these days at Santho en and P,uldcl'bo ch was typical of that experienced all over th front, There' as heavy and almost continuous rain and a cold damp atmosphere. Tents alone furnished protection from the weather for the gun batteries, but at least they were pyramidale, and toves were located and utilized to keep them fairly warm. Life in comparison to that during the months in Paris was a complete about face. As the guns and range equipment had to be manned and ready for action in a minute's time, those section had to be broken down into at least two shifts, and al! possible personnel were taken from the maintenance, supply and MTO sections to make those shifts. It was the radar crews which had the hardest hours as they were allowed to be out of action only two hours a day which was spent on maintenance of the materiel. The men who weren't on shift and weren't trying to catch up on their sleep were able to leave the sites on passes for a few hours, but: that section of Belgium had little to offer in the way of recreation. Morale was high though because all knew that the job they were doing was vital and everyone was glad to he hack in the fight. This job of shooting Buzz Bombs which were just as likely as not to come down into the gun pits and explode when they were hit, made this type of action seem more real than even that 011 the Beaches. As the days went by and lumber was made available either from ammunition boxes, or that scrounged from the Antwerp dock area, floors were b1ui1t in the tents, and in other small ways, life became more com-fortable. The biggest problem of all was the mud, which the almost continuous rains never allowed to dry up. When there was a short period of dry weather, the lowness of the g .ouud level was not conducive to good drainage. Though the crews were doing duty of eight hours 011 and eight hours off continually, some off duty men from each section in the batterie were requisitioned to repair the roads entering their respective sites. The roads were axle deep in mud and it was an almost impossible task for vehicles (0 neces ary to bring supplies and ammunition to the sites) to pass through the mud filling the roads. Through all the e difficulties, the Buzz Bombs still came. When the rain stopped, frozen lakes and ground appeared, and finally, snow blanketed the

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ground. Then the news of Von Rundstedt's push into Belgium came and everyone was "Itching" to get into the fight. A if the prayer were answered, the order came down from Antwerp X on 21 December 1944. The 184th was relieved from attachment to the 21st Army Group, 50th Brigade for operations only, and attached to the 12th Army Group. On this day' the battalion moved by motor convoy to Namur, Belgium, for the AA Defense of vital auto and railroad bridges across the Meuse River, with a secondary Anti-tank mission.

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NAMUR, BELGIUM
21 December to 4 January 1945
With the news of Von Rundstedt's drive into the Ardennes section of Belgium, and his thrusts towards the Meuse and Liege, the entire picture of the front was changed. Rumors of German parachute troops and sabotage teams dropping in the Antwerp area aroused all memhers of the 184th to a new alertness, and when the reports drifted down to battalion level that AAA battalions would be taken from the Antwerp defenses and thrown into the fight to stop the Wehrmacht, it was generally hoped by all that the 184·th would he one of the chosen few. At last on the 20th of De-cember when the 184th received orders to proceed to Namur, the work of preparing the equipment for another move was performed with a will. The confusion of those days when thousands of troops were being rushed into the gap was apparent to the 184th whose orders to move were changed a number of times. Finally, just after no on on 21 December 1944, the battalion was under way for Its new positions.' The route of this 65 mile movement lead around Antwerp, through Mechelin, wher e some of th:e batteries were delayed when part of a British Division met them at a road junction and proceeded south before them, to Louvain and on down to Namur, which lies on the west bank of the Meusel River. At Louvain, the battalion had the greatest difficulty in making headway. They were following a main norrh-csonth route which in this city cro sed an east--west route, one of the main arteries leading into Liege and directly to the front. The 184th batteries crept through this Belgian city incldng its way along now and theu until at last the eastwest traffic could be held up to let a battery a a iIliml! pass through. The concentration of troops and vehicles in Louvain due

33

to the traffic tie-up furnished an excellent target to the Luftwaffe, which fortunately failed to make Its appearance. Due to the delay, the battalion arrived at Namur much later than scheduled, but by noon of 22 December, the battalion was ready for action. Batteries B, C, and D were in positions on hilltops. surrounding the towu on the north, south and east. Battery A's site was in a sports stadium on top of the hill directly above amur on one side and the Meuse River on the other ide, and at the center of thle arc formed by the other three batteries. The tactical situation throughout the 184th's entire stay at amur was very confused. The axact location of the German P,anzers and the accompanying infantry could never be exactly determined from the information available and' until after Christmas Day when the full weight of the American A'ir Forces could be thrown into the fight, rumors ran rampant. The constant threat of German Paratroopers being dropped behind the lines iu American uniforms was known by every man, and at night it was practically impo sible to walk through one of the batteries" camp site's without being challenged a dozen times. In addition; the tumor and counter-rumor that the Wehrmacht had and had not reached the Meuse down by Dinant, was or was not five miles from Namur itself, kept the battalion thinking. All knew that the Meuse would he a major defense line at which, if not halted before, the Allied High Command hoped to halt von Rundstedt. If the Wehrmacht had reached the Meuse, the 184th would havebeen thrown in as front line defense troops to support the messes of British tanks, the automatic weapons AA battalions, and tile infantry, which had taken positions along the river's edge. As the battalion sweated out the ground developments of the Getman Breakthrough, they wung into their primary mission, the air defense of Namur, an important supply point, and the railroad and auto bridges that crossed the Meuse at Namur. During; the hours of darkness the sky above Namur was prohihited to Allied aircraft, and so the battalion Radars searched continually cach night during this time, The first enemy targets appeared over Nalllur on Christmas Eve and the battalion went into action. Th Luftwaffe returned on Christmas night and as on the pro-

34

ceecling night, were driven off by' the battalion's fire, before they could do auy damage. On hoth these nights Jerry was probably flying reconnaissance missions and only two or three planes came over each night. The night of the 26th the Vuftwaffe returned with a strength of about fifteen JU-88s, and gave the battalion the action they were looking for. The planes made their initial appearance flying north down the Meuse at a level that was impossible for the radar to pick them up. After looking their target--the bridges-cover carefully, they made the fatal mistake of climbing to a higher alititude for their bombing runs. Before tbey climbed however, the machine gunners of each hattery were able tho get some shooting in, but without noticeable results. As soon as the Radars picked the German planes up, the gun crews were ready to commence firing as soon as their orders came. One Jerry was able to get through the barrage put up by the ha tta lion and drop bombs near the bridges, which unissed their target. However, before he was out of range he was shot down. That night the battalion claimed eight JelTies shot down, and lhe advantages of the new type proximity burst fuze used for the first time by the 184th this night were proven. That night of 26 December will long he remembered by the whole battalion, for it was the heaviest bit of action they ever saw against enemy planes. They came in at ali angles and all elevations. Battery D was traf'ed that night butJ nothing was hit, while the other batteries all reported planes so low that they could almost feel the backwash of the props as they roared overhead. Jerry returned the nights of 27, 28, and 29 December but never more than three or foul' a night. All were engaged and hits were made. The Luftwaffe was back again on New Year's night but still in feeble strength. The beating they had received on the 26th taught them a lesson. In all the total number of engagements for all batteries was 71, and 620 rounds of 90 l\IJM with time fuze and 721 rounds of 90 MM with proximity fuze were xpended. Of the battalion claims while at Namur, ten Category I's (Definitely shot down, crashed planes located) ami five Categc ey II's (Probably shot down) were confirmed by Higher Headquarters. The machine

35

gunners fired 2,210 rounds of .50 caliber ammunition and Battery A's machine gunners were awarded a Category I for a plane they shot down. On 3 January the battalion received orders to return to the Antwerp area, and their positions were taken over by the 143rd AAA Gun Bn, This battalion came into amur the night of the 3rd and replaced one by one the batteries of the 184th 0 that at no time were there less than three gnu batteries ready for action. This change-over took all of the night and part of the morning of the 4th of January. The- extreme cold of the night and the heavy snow storm that developed in the early morning hours of the 4th was no hell) to the proceedings. Those days the battalion spent at Namur were tense and full of excitement. In a way this helped make everyone feel less disconsolate that they were missing another Holiday season away from their homes. Despite the seriousness of the tactical situation, the supply lines had not broken down and the 184th was able to have its turkey dinners on Christmas and N ew Year, and on those days a Holiday spirit was felt by everyone. The biggest Christmas gift anyone got was the sight of hundreds of Flying Fortresses droning high overhead on their way to block enemy supply lines, making the most of their first break in the weather in over a week's time. The biggest problem at Namur was the weather. The battalion, until that point, had not exper'ienced such cold. In comparison with many troops they were fortrunate in having pyramidal tents, but for the first few days there were few if any stoves, and the long nights waiting for the alerts to sound, which would mean the guns were to be manned in one minute, were made even longer by the low temperatures. There were many men during these days who claimed the only times when they were warm was when they were firing and loading the guns. January 4th found the battalion leaving arnur heading back towards Antwerp in the midst of a heavy Snow storm, which in a few hours had coveted the ground with three or four inches of snow. Fortunately as the convoy neared the English Channel the storm! abated and though it was still cold, riding on th trucks was more comfortable.

36

MEER, BELGIUM
4 [anuary to 17 April 1945

With the return of the 184·th to the AA defenses of Antwerp, the ba ttalion again took part in winning one of the most vital campaigns of the war. It was during this period that the 184th really built up its score of Buzz Bombs, eventually ganing credit for shooting down more Flying Bomb than any other AA battalion in the defenses. After a journey of 91 miles on the 4th of January 1945 hom amur, the battalion arrived in the small village of Meer, Belgium, close to the Dutch border and approximately thirty miles northeast of the center of Antwerp. The batteries had positions about a thousand yards apart in a straight line which was at right angles to the approach of the Buzz Bombs. Battery A was on the northerly out kid of Meer; Battery B on the southern edge of the center of the village, with batteries C and D farther south. Headquarters Battery used the Town Hall for its offices and billeted the men and officers in houses and tents in the village. Mecr was almost directly in the' center of the path of the Flying Bombs that were Iaunched in Holland and approached Antwerp form the northeast. The Germans had developed this launching area and started to send its bombs from there beginning at the lime of Von RUl1dstedt's Breakthrough, and continued to use these sites until the end of' the campaign. This northeast avenue of approach was the main German line of attack. Before 4 January, Antwerp X Command had shifted! several battalions to form gun belts to protect Antwerp from this new direction. The 184th was placed on the outer belt on 4 January, about 15,000

37

yards in front of the middle belt, and about the same time, other battalions were moved into a gun belt behind the original single line of defenses. So by 11 January 1945 there were six gUll battalions bac! iug up the 184<th, and were deployed in two belts. Thus the 184th out in front by itself had first crack at every Pilotless Aircraft (PAC) that came through its area headed f01" the vital zone of Antwerps docks which were included in a circle, eight miles in diameter. From these new sites at Meer, the battalion engaged its first Flying Bomb at 0639 hom on 5 January 1945, and until II March 1945, only one day went by that the battalion did not fire. Then there was a four day lull and again the 184th fired every day from 16 March to 29 March 1945, when the Wehrmacht ceased its Flying Bomb activity against Antwerp. The battalion's average number of engagements a day was approximately 14. This varied per day from a low of two to a high of twenty-three on 5 February. The daily engagements between 15 February to 5 March averaged about eighteen as the attack was stepped up during this period. The experience gained by the personnel of the 184th shooting at Buzz Bombs while at Pulderhosch stood them In good stead, but daily gunnery problems and equipment were worked over in an attempt to obtain an even higher percentage of hits. This paid its dividends for as the days went by, the battalion claimed more and more bombs to its credit, and on February 13tn, its score was 100%, claiming 15 out of the 15 that came into their arc headed for the Vital Area. The 184t1 never reached that IJ6ak again bu tits approximate average percentage of recognized claims was 73% for the entire period at Meer. While at Meer, the battalion was on duty twenty-four hours of the day. Each! hattery wa allowed two hours a day to perform maintenance on its equipment. During this time the batteries were not expected to fire and could clean the "~'elJ-Used" bores of their guns, check the orientation and operation of their range equipment, and make their tests to see that all was in A-I condition. As in Pulderbosch, there were two crews for each gun and for the I'ange equipment, operating 011 a schedule of eight hours on duty and eight off. The Radar crews operated in shifts

38

of two to three men who WC1'eon for one to two hours, and off six to eight hours. Their's was the most continuous jobs for they had to sweep the Radars back and forth across) their assigned arcs, without a pause, for twenty-two hours of each twenty-four. The operators had to be on the alert to pick up any "Pip" which signified a Buzz Bomb, to track it in, giving the guns steady and correct data, for almost all the firing at Du,zz Bombs was with Radar data alone, as Jerry sent the majority of his V-Is over when the clouds were thick and low, and the bombs could not be seen visually. Shooting at Buzz Bombs was an assignment that required 'Steady nerves, As each gun fired, no one knew whether the round that was on the way would bring the bomb screaming down on top of them, It was those on duty in the gun pits, loading, fir'ing and relaying ammunition, who realized this the most, even though the battery as a team worked to get the rounds into the air and to explode where they would do the most damage, It was a relief to all to see the Buzz Bomb explode in the air with a tremendous sheet of flame and cloud of smoke, followed by a mighty report. The cry of "It's coming down", saw many faces turned skyward watching the bomb. Sometimes on being hit in .3 vital spot, a Buzz Bomb would nose over and head straight down, screaming as it dove towards the ground, landing with a shattering explosion, the concussion of which smashed nearby b~ildings as though they were of cardboard. Sometimes with their motors off, th'e bombs would glide on their path until they crashed. Other times when hit, the V-Is would go into wild gyrations turning on their backs, climbing, turning completely around or veering off to another course. When the order "Fire" came to the gun crews no one knew what would happen to that bomb, and the "Sweating" would begin until it crashed or went safely overhead. These clays of continuous firing by the battalion kept morale high. All had a feeling that they were contributing darectly towards winning the War. They all knew how important the Antwerp dock area was to the men on the front. Over 90,000 tons of supplies a day were being moved through Antwerp, bringing

39

the answer to the Allied supply problem .. The German High Command Also knew the value of Antwerp, and in an attempt to correct its colossal tactical error of allowing the Canadians to capture that city and its docks undamaged, V·Is and V-2s were launched. There was no defense against the V·2s whose vapor trails could be seen at times on dear days, racing up into the stratosphere, by the men of the 184tl1, blnt there was a defense against the V·ls. Of the total launched hy the Wehrmacht,2,394 Buzz Bombs could have hit that eight mile circle in Antwerp, its Vital Area., hut only 211 hit the target, never causing a single day of work to he lost (luring five months, which saw over 3,000,000 tons of supplies sblipped through the vital area with its 30 miles of wharves, 632 operating hoists, 186 acres of covered shed space and oil facilities capable of handling over a hUildred million gallons. Very few if any in the battalion knew these exact figures and there weren't many who had had achance to really visit this Belgian city as there was no time for passes to go that far. However, every man had personnaly seen the destruction caused by a Flying Bomb and realized if it did get through the defenses and into the {lock area how it would tie up the flow of supplies. Whenever a PAC was engaged by the battalion guns, everyone, whether he was in a position to see the bursts in the sky or lying in bed after being awakened by the firing, cheered on and encouraged the bursting shells hoping a bit would be made. When an engagement was vislble, everyone possible was out to watch it and had the spirit of a crowd watch.ing a football game, and when a homb was hit, a cheer would go up. Added to the incentive of stopping the V·ls before reaching the target, there was a high competitive spirit between batteries and between the 184th and other battalions as to who had the highest score. As has been noted already, the 184th battalion with 365 bombs destroyed, had the highest score in the whole Antwerp X Command, whichl had over a division of AA troops under its command, had 208 90 MMguns American; 128 3.7 inch ftuns British;' 96 - 4·0 MM guns American; 60 British Bofors; and 32 Polish Bofors. Records of awards follow: Battery C 118 Cat "A" 198 Cat "B" Battery D 114 Cat "A'; 195 Cat "'B"

40

Battery B 115 Cat "A" 167 Cat "Boo Battery A 108 Cat "A" 157 Cat 'B" (For the majority of engagements all four batteries fired at the same target and they received individual credit for each V·I the. shot at that was destroyed). In an attempt to he even more effective an experiment of forming a composite battery of two of the 184th batteries was trred, From 7 February to 30 March, batteries C and D were combined and their equipment emplaced so that all eight gun. could fire simultaneously using the same range and radar equipment. This experiment had it good and bad features as far as gunnery wa concerned but the concussion of aU eight gun firiug at once wa enough to make the members of both batteries feel th experiment was unsuccesful. On 30 March, Batter. C was moved to a site about five miles hom Meer and just across the Ho llaud border where it remained until the battalion left the Antwerp area. In addition to the actual job of ficingagainsr the, Buzz Bombs, carne the hack breaking work of building and repairing positions, and unloading ammunition from the battery truc1 s, which hauled it from the ammunition uppliy points. It is reported that 3,355,000 andbags were used by Antwerp X in their gun emplacements and revetment built to protect equipment and personnel from blast and fragments if a homb landed nearby. As in Pulderboseh, the land around Meer was so low and flat that it was impossible to dig emplacements, so revetments had to be built up with sandbags, and there iSIhardly a member of the 184th who doesn't think that practically the entire 3,255,000 bags used by Antwerp X were filled at his site. Sandbagging was a job which once done required little extra work to be kept in repair. Ammunition was a different story. During its firing at Meer,. the battalion fired 75,500 rounds of 90 1M ammunition. With each round weghing 54 pounds, it was not a boy's job to handle them, especially as they were shipped in boxes containing two rounds. Only at one time ciuring the en tire campaign against Antwerp did the ammunition supply run low enough to be serious, but never once did a bomb come over without being fully engaged, though at one time one of the 184111 batteries fired up its las t round just as a truck roared into camp

41

with a new supply. The scarcity of supply was immediately rectified with C-47s flying ammunition in from England until more came by ships. Of the 88,966 total rounds fired by the 184th, 13,812 were equipped with a new type of fuze. With the use of this type of ammo, a noticeable increase in hits was made. Life during these months at Meer, was, for the men of the hattalion, harder than at any time before. In addition to the work of always I eeping ready to fire, and the danger of the Buzz Bombs, the winter weather added its discomforts. Though here in northern Belgium, relatively near the Channel, there was a great deal less snow than troops along the Siegfried Line experienced, the cold dampness of this section of Europe made the temperatures more piercing than further inland. The men in the gun batteries all had pyramidal tents for their quarters, As they had to be close to their equipment at all times, they were unable to take advantage of even the limited civilian housing facilities that were avai lahl e. Each tent had a stove which was kept burning practically twentyfour hours a day, using coal and ammunition boxes for f!uel, but these stoves, typical of all, tended to ro as t one side while the other froze. AlI tent were eventually floored and some wer wintelrizecl with wodden side-walls, but many a night there wasn't a man in th outfit whose longing for home didn't increase his desire for a heated house where he could at least get warmed all the way through and stay warm; not be called out into the freezing cold by the alert whistle and stand in the gun pits shivering while awaiting orders to fire, then working as fast and as hard as possible to get ten rounds off; then wait for the or ddr "Stand Down" after which new ammunition had to be brought to the pit before returning to the stove, which (llSually ha<l almost burned out. Despite the weather, the battalion's health record remained excellent even though by civilian standards, the bathing facilities exposed a man to conditions ure to bring on a bout of influenza.. AllY man ill the 18,I,th will involuntary shiver when he !tememhers showers in Breda. This town in Holland, about fifteen miles from MeeI', had the only bathing facilities adequate for the battalion. The water was hot but heating facilities were

42

non-existent, and in addition, the long ricl'e back to camp in of a 2% ton truck was anything but pleasant, especially when the thermometer hovered around zero ; but somehow ill the A.-:my a man seems to he able to keep his health better in spite of the ardors, than he does in civilian life. In a village such as Meer, recreation facilities were practically non-existent. nder the Special Services Branch of the Army, the 184th had it own movies, with shows three times a day, furnishing a m'uch needed entertainment, even though at times, the sound track could not be beard when a Flying Bomb roared over with the battalion's guns firing at it. In addition to short passes for off-duty men who could go to nearby Belgian village, a few were ahle to go to Brussel for 48 hours, and several small quotas of men were sent to Paris for three days. Each site had its voUey-balI COUIl-t, and when the ground dried, haseball diamonds were improvised in neighboring cow pastures. The main job and interest of everyone in the entire battalion was shooting down Buzz Bombs, and as Jerry furuished plenty of targets there was no lack of something to do. As the days went by, every man had his tale of narrow escapes. Fortune smiled on the 184,th and not a man was lost or seriously injured from the ground explosion of a V-I. The members of the battalion motor pool had the nearest escape. A bomb shot down by th battalion crashed in the center of the motor pool wrecking several trucks, tearing the tents to shreads, and though there were men sleeping in those tents and men worl ing in the motor pool at the time, none sustained serious injury, though four were hospitalized with eardrums broken by the concussion. Each battery bad bombs land near them but never clo e enough to cause damage or casualties, even though some hit within a bundred yards of the sites. These near misses made everyone realize the danger they were in but all kept at their jobs and doing their best not to worry too much'. Many a prayer was said though when a bomb's motor cut off and its high whistle could be heard as it raced towards the ground. As winter broke and warmer and better weather came to Europe, the front came more to life with the crossing of the Rccr,
the rear

43

the fight through to Cologne, and the Rhine, over which the Wehnllacb!t had been dr iveu by the American and British Annies. The Siege of Antwerp continued, nevertheless, without slackening. but the men of the battalion knew it would not last much longer as the Armies approached nearer and nearer to the German launching sites. Though the battalion was too far behind the lines to be affected by the fighting directly, everyone realized what was being thrown into the fight, and day after day saw the flights of American and British bombers droning high overhead as they threw their weight against the Wehrmacht which almost in a day's strike equalled ill tonnage, the entire weigh t of Hitler's long V Weapon attacl on Antwerp. With the major crossing of the Rhine on March 25th, the end of the Buzz Bomb attacks was expected soon, and the e expectations were not false, for three days later, on March, 28th, the 184th fired its last rounds at V-Is and their last rounds of the War. No one could be sure that the German's had ceased their attack on that date, and the constant search for the bombs was continued for over three weeks, until 16 April 1945, when the battalion "Stood Down" and was released from the command of Antwerp X. The 184th then moved into Germany, having finished their most important and vital assignment of the War and having taken part in one of the War's great campaigns which was 0 successfully won by the Allies. Realizing what Antwerp X and the battalions under its command had done, Field Marshal MO TGOMERY under whom Antwerp X had operated, sent the following letter of Commendation to General ARMSTRO G and his Command:

Tac, Hq,
21 Army

12 April
Brigadier General CLARE Commanding General, 50 AAA Brigade. L The completely, H. ARMSTRONG,

Group 1945

flying bomb attack on ANTWERP finished. Accordingly the troops

is nearly, if not with which you

44

conducted the- defense are being called away to other tasks. I feel that now is an appropriate moment to assess the part which the achievements of your command have played in the Allied successes in this culminating phase of the war .. 2. The weight of the enemyattack, and the outstanding success you have achieved in combatting it, have to remain an official secret for the time being. But this success which has kept in rull operation the main supply base of both the 12th and 21st Army Groups, has profoundly influenced the present battle and made the success of present operations administratively possible. You have been responsible for the complete integration of an American and British team of gunners. Under your command they have during the last three months raised the percentage of "kills" from 65910 to over 979'0. This is considerably higher than has been achieved ever before. 3. These results have been achieved only by continuous day and night! firing and unceasing movement of units, with its consequent mental and physical fatigue. It has meant hard thinking and hard fighting. I wish to congratulate you, and all ranks under yt1~urcommaud, upon the success of a major operation of this eampaign.

lsi

B. 1. Montgomery
Field-Marshal, Comma nder-in-Chief, 21 Army Group.

General Brigade

ARMSTRONG

"THE STORY
wrote:

OF ANTWERP

in an introductory letter to the booklet X" published by the 50th AA.A

"I should like to take this opportunity to personnaly COlUmend every officer and man who took part in this long and gruelling campaign. Only through your steadfast devotion to duty, your unflinching determination and your utter disregard for self while facing hardship and danger, was this unparalleled antiaircraft record made possible. I defy; contradiction when I say the men of ANTWERP X were and are, the "Best damn gunners" in the world".

45

GERMANY UNTIL V-E DAY
16 April to 8 May 1945
In the cold darkness of the early morning of 16 April 1945, the 184,th left Meer and the Antwerp Defenses which were at long last quiet. The battalion was to proceed to a maU German Town, IdaI' Oberstein, in the Hartz Mountain Area, and there receive order as to its next mission. The route of this move led south from Antwerp to Liege, then through the Ardennes Region to Ba togne, into the Duchy of Luxembourg, across the Saar River into Germany, through Trier and aero s the mountains to Idar Oberstein. Of all the battalion rOU tes of rnarcln in Europe, this proved the most interesting, For most it was a pleasure to see the hills of southern Belgium after' the long winter months spent on the bleak northern lowlands, Liege which had been ubject to Buzz Bomb attack " especially dueing the Ardennes Campaign, gave little evidence of damage when compared to Antwerp. The most interesting part of the route covered on 16 April, was south of Liege through the Ardennes Forest. The road followed had been used by the Germans as one of their main lines of attack in their drive towards Liege. As the battalion neared Bastogne, evidences of the fighting became more visible. German and American tanks, burned out or blown up, bore mute tesimony tv the struggles in this section. The villages and towns still bore their scars, and one - - Hanfalize an important communications center, wa terribly flattened hy bombs, and the battalion realized at first hand what those thousands of Allied planes they had seen flying overhead, while at N amur, had done to turn back the tide of Von Rundstedt's attack. Passing through Bastogne, the 184th was able to visualize

46

in a small way what the 10Ist Airborne Division had done in thein backing of their Commander's reply of " uts" to the GermaD demand to surrender. From Bastogne, the battalion took a by-pass that would lead them around the city of Luxembourg. It was on this by pass th at the battalion hivouaced for the night, thankful that the weather was warm and that the cold snow and Von Rundstedt' Panzers had long since left this area. On the 17th of April the battalion continued on its move. After moving along the Saar Rivcl' on the Luxembourg side, the battalion finally crossed the river into Germany and they were reminded a they did so by a large sign saying "You are now entering Germany and the zo ne of non-fraternization". Trier was the first German city the battalion passed through and the first they saw which felt the weight of Allied bombings, which however, when compared to most other German cities, had been hit rather lightly. From Trier the battalion's route led up into the mountains, over which the trucks and tractors slowly labored until arriving in Idar Oherstein.. Just east of this town the battalion bivouaced for the night. Orders were received at Idar Ober tein to proceed to Mainz, on the Rhine river, where the battalion would take up positions guarding th.e bridges. The fifty miles from Idar Ober lain to Maim:, were covered on the 18th of April. Along the road, more and more signs were visible of the defeat and disintegration of the German Forces west of the Rhine whiah had been smashed in this area by the Third Army. On arrival in the Mainz Area, it was found that Third Army AAA troops had not left the positions the 184th was to take over, so the battalion was set up around an airport near Maina, on the afternoon of the 18th. On the 19th of April, the battalion less Battery A, into position guarding the Mainz bridges. Batteries C were on the west side, and battery B was on the east the rive!'. Battery D, 119th AAA (;Iun Bn was attached 184th to replace Battery A. moved and D side of to the

47

Battery A of the 184th was attached on 19 April to the 133rd AAA Gun Bn and moved to the town of Bingen, about 15 miles north of Mainz, where it took up position to guard the Rhine bridge at this city. Batrery A's position was on rop of a hill on the west bank of the Rhine and they remained there Wltf~ 26 April, when they left their position on what they called "Champagne Hill", and rejoined the 184th at Maillz in a position east of the Rhine river, where they relieved Battery D of the 119th, whi~·b rejoined its ba ttalio n, The battalion remained in these positions around Mainz until V-E Day. During this time no hostile planes were sighted and the battalion was husied fighting the war of inspections. Life here was a come-down after the days in the Antwerp Defenses, but the rnmo rs of the nearness of the German unconditiontl surrender and the reports from the front of the progress of the Armies, kept morale high. The announcement on May 8th that Germany had fully capitulated, was greeted joyously by the whole battalion, hut the drowning of S/Sgt' Harold Appleton of Headquarter Battery on 10 May, dampened the spirits of all, for he was weU known in the battalion. V-E Day brought the end of the War but really started all of the 184th thin! ing about, and sweating out, the day that they would be going home, which many had not seen for over three years.

48

I'

GERMAN DISARMAMENT
11 May to 1 October 1945
With the end of the Wal" in Europe, the main hope for every man in the 184th was to return to the States. Small quotas of men were chosen from those who had been overseas the longest and two of these groups had already left for a thirty day leave in the Sfates. One group going in February, the other jn the latter 'part of April. Now that the fighting was finished, the desire to get home for even a thirty day leave was intensified, Higher Headquarters had other plans though for the immediate use of the 184th. Orders came down to the battalion three days after V-E Day to proceed to the vicinity of Eisenach, Germany, and there receive instructions on its next job, whichl. was to be the disarmament of German Flak.· Two other gun battalions in the IX Air Defense Command were to do the same work and the 'entire area occupied by American troops was divided between the 184th and the other battalions, The 184th left its tactical positions around Maim; on 13 May 1945 and proceeded to a: small village--Vacha--about ten miles west of EisenaCh. The hattalion bivouaced there until 15 M.ay 1945 .. On that day the gun batteries moved out into the areas assigned to them and Headquarters Battery proceeded to Langensalza, where in a former German camp, it remained until 29 lune. The gun batteries left all their guns. and range equipment at this camp, for in their job, there- would be no need for them. The area assigned to the 184th formed a rough triangle, stretching from the Leipzig area in the south=north to Magdeburg,

49

The southern side of the triangle ran west from Leipzig to Eisenach, and the northern side roughly ran from Magdeburg 1'0 Mulhausen. Battery A made its headquarters in Taucha, five miles east of Leipzig. Battery B set up in Kothen, northeast of Halle. Battery C moved into Diesdorf, a few miles west of Magdeburg, while Battery D had its headquarters approximately twenty miles northwest of Battery C. As the territory that the hatteries were working in was, shortly to he turned over to the Russians, their main job was to chelk every Gierman Flak position, Flak camp and any factories which bad been employed in manufacturing any type of Flak equipment. This check was made primarily to locate any materel of intelligence value which was to be, shipped eventually ro the 6tate&. The job of actually disarming and destroying any Flak equipment that did not have intelligence value was left to the Russians. Eam. hattery made up reconnaissance teams wh'idt daily, searched through its area, making reports on everything it found and arranging for shipment of items appearing on the lists published by Higher Headquarters. By 24 May each battery had completed its work in its original area and on that day batteries B, C, and D moved west, with battery A moving to its new area on 26 May. Battery B moved into the city of Halle; Battery C into Eislehen ; and Battery D into Nordhausen; while Battery A went to Mersehurg. The survey of these areas was completed in approximately two weeks and again the battalion moved west. Battery D on 7 June went to Mulbausen.; Battery A to Ohrdruf on 8 June; and on 9 June Battery C to Sommerda; and Battery B to Bad Salzungen. By 24 June all batteries had finished the work in those areas and returned to Langensalza where the battalion was brought together in one camp for the first time since it had arrived on the Continent. This work on Disarmament proved both interesting and fortunate for all in the battalion for it kept everyone occupied and made the days pass quickly, Seeing German AAA at first" hand made an interesting comparison to the American AAA. All positions reconnoitered, were static, and part of the tremendous AA Defen es that Germany had constructed in an attempt to protect

50

itself against the terrific weight of Allied Air Forces. Each city was heavily defended and yet those defenses hadn't saved the cities which had all felt, to varying extent, the bombs of the RIAF and US Ail:" Force. From Langensalza, the battalion moved to the outskirts of Fulda, Germany, on 29 June, and went into bivouac in tents. This life in tent city was not to last for long as we were only wait.ing for ADSEC to move from the Fulda Kaserne. During this stay in tent city, 467 men and one Officer were received to replace the losses which were incurred by 267 men b'eing returned to the US on the 30th of May and the 7th of June, and those previously returned. These men came from several AW battalions and were all high point men scheduled for return at an early date to the US. On 14 July the battalion moved info the Kaserne and will remain in this station until orders are received to move to the Staging Area. Scrap hauling which consisted of removing from all AA sites in the Frankfurt, Darmstadt, Kassel Are-as, usable scrap, began on 28 July by placing a team to the south of Frankfurt at Keisterbach, from Battery C. This team cleaned out all scrap south of the Main Rive!r and west' to the Rhine, finishing up on 20 September. Battery C's team then started work to the west of the Main River assisting Battery B who had now moved to Bad Soden. Battery B began the scrap hauling campaign on 25 August in the Kassel Area and completed same on 19 September, moving to Bad Soden on 20 September. Battery D placed a team in! the field on 8 Septemher located at Hanau, northeast of Frankfurt. and were

All teams wilh be actively engaged up until the deadline, which has been set as 30 September. It is expected that the vast majority of the work will be completed by this date so that a completion report may be entered for the area. This work has been carried on in the face of numerous obstacles. At first, dumps could not be found and the ones that were located, wanted to have no part in receivmg our scrap. This problem was finally settled and our scrap accepted. Additional wreckers and acetylene outfits for

51

cutting the guns into pieces small enough to handle, had to he procured and with all outfits having the going-home fever, no cooperation! was extended. Necessary equipment was finally procured from Paris when there were hundreds of similar wreckers within only a few miles of our home station. On 31 August Major JOHNSON, Major ARMSTRONG, Lt MacDONALD, Lt Mc DE RMDTT, Lt McCARTHY, Lt MILLER and Mr CIBERE left for the US by way of Schweinfurt and' Stone, England. On 2 September Captain SANGSTER and Lt FINNEY departed and on 3 September Captain BLUMBERG departed. In the meantime, Mr VIERGUTZ had been busying himself with securing a Commission which was granted 00 13 September and was transferred to the Ninth Air Force. Captain TEDICK who had asked for a transfer to the Military Government was lost by that transfer on 13 September. On 18 September Captain ROSENBLOOM,. Lt HAIGHT, Lt SCHORR and Lt HUNTER, left for the ZI. Lt SILVERMAN also scheduled for this trip volunteered to stick with his work until the big shipment of EM was properly cared for which departed on 23 September, a total of 499 !EM, leaving by rail in box-cars. On 19 September Captain GOOGINS, Captain KELLEHER, Captain R'EDINBO, Lt MIKKOLA, Lt MORAN and Lt COGLEY departed for UeBourget Field, Paris, for the long trip home. Of the officers who came from Iceland with the battalion, only two remain, Lt Colonel ALBERGOTTI and Lt BOUG\HNER, and of those who landed in Normandy with the battalion, only three remain, the two above and Lt SILVERMAN. A total of eleven officers were transferred to the battalion to take the place of those returned home and hardly had one gotten in taIled before be-Lt HUNTER·-likewise was neturned. The shortage of officers and men has placed a great burden on those remaining but as has always been the case, the 184th continres to function and will be in there pitching until the last breath. that the battalion will he brought strength about 1 October and made ready for shipment United States on or before 15 October.

Tlo

It is contemplated

'up to to the

52

Our work as a battalion has heen completed and for all men who played a part, th'ey can justly say "A job well done". The record of the battalion i an enviable one and every man can well be proud of his part.

FI

I S.

53

ROSTER OF 184TH AAA GUN BN
HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS BATTERY
OfFICERS Commander: Lt Col J.. S. Aibergolli, 3156 W1I1ow Oak Road, Charlotte, North. CaroUna Executive. om<:e.: Mal Clal. L.. Johuson, 419 Seymour Avenue, Cheboygan, M1chlgaa 5··1: 1st 11 Mo.rr!. SHverma.n, 5211 Clarendon Road. Brooklyn, New York 5·2: Capt Eugene Tedfek, 280 CUnlon Street, Blughamton, New Yo·,k S··3·.:.Mal Robert .E. ATtnSlrong, 116 Ogden Av e nue .• Benton Harber, Michigan .5 •.,: Capt Marvin W. BIII.mlle.g, 1050 Ponee de leon Avenue, Atlanta, Geo'gla MTO: Capt. Danl".!h M. Googins,. S6 S",,,,.mer Streel, Kennebunk, Maine ASST MTO·:· lsi. Lt John R. Ha.nllen, Stanwood, WashIngton PX and Special Service: ht Lt Slomley A. Schorr, 441 Chandler Sireet,. Worcester, Massachusetts R.adar OHlcer: I..I Lt Donald J. finney, Wadena, Minnesota Personnel ~Ueer: W/O WHam A. Wood, 348 Lncotn Street, Mddle Pod, Oho Reconnatssence Two Joseph Clbe.e, 1624 Wodman Drive, Dayton, S, OMo ~SST S·': CWO George J. Vlergulz. 120 N. Green lIay Road, Highland Park, Imonol. Chaplain, Cap I. Geoo'!I" W. G'ay, 503 East Flore.pce Streel, WIndsor, Mls.ourt BattalIon Su.geon.: Capl L. F. Barke.,. SI. Louis, Mlssollrt; Capt Josepb Ro .•enbloom., 1I0x 55 Broaddus, Texas .• Medical Adrnlp!s\r.atlon: 1$1 U MelvIn Lochman, 1839 Summ.1t Avenue Sa .. Anlonio, Texas De.nlal Ofi!ee·,s: Capt Tom Brennan, Geneva, New yo.k:; Capt FUtmote E. Ketola, ltonwood, Michtgaan Haadquarters BatleTY Commander: Capt Get·ard C. Sang.le.r, tOO Cemlnary Street, Warren, Arkansas: Battalion

om""".

ENLISTED

MEN

lsi Sgl. Harry Taplin. 30.1-B· 1'0, •• 1 Park, So. Be\oll. Ill. M. S g ts, Wall at Mill er, 212 E"e rts Place, High wood. Ill. ,_. ,.' George V4 SteIn" 1715 Broadway;, Superior;! Wise'. TE.CH. SERGEANTS

Arnold O. Becker, 610. S.. 68th SI., Mttwa u kea, Wlsc·. Palll A. BelmOllDntc, 109 Madison. SI., Hoboken, N. J. Jessie H. Holcomob, Allo. Texas ~ Rou D. Kingsley. 38 Sprlng 51., Bame C • eek, Mich. Donald F.. Lackie., Ontonogan, MIch. F. E. Ll!zenskl, ,R. R. No.2, Berlin, Wise. Charles A. Olsen, 100 Dale Drive, Silver Spring, MaryiM.d STAFF SBRG"!!ANTS

Samuel A .. Dietrich, 3804 Brooklyn Ave., Balll!nore, ·25, Md. II" rton D. HI!!z., A. hto n, Ill. Alpha Mauk, Rt. No.1, Gresham., Wise. Frank A. Sm.1lh, 610. N. Rankin st., Natehe,;, Miss. Rllss,,'. W. Weinberg, 301 W. ["dian st., Midland, Mlcb. SERGEANTS and T!4 s,

Anthony G. Ferrara, 7003 Grand Ave., Maspeth., L., N. Y. Vidor Fuller, Glen Dean, Ky. Frank L. aray, 1926 W. Huron SI., Chicago". Ill. John J. Gude, 1905 Cherokee 51., St. Louts, Mo·. William L. Haase, 22 N. Vella :Sf •., Alhamhra, Colli. Joseph L Halpin, 2172 Grand Concourse, New York, N. Y. AI fred J. Hahel, 242.Z TIllno I.. A v e., Il. st., Louis, m. Ralph M. Holve ... o.n. 931 Wlnd.o,' Ave .., ·Ale"""drla. MInn.

54

George B. Keen"., 1012 Pine st., PhJladelphla, Pa. Charles E. La Macchla, 329 N. W"shlng1on Ave .. L,,0510g, Mlcch. Eugene F. 0 Connor. 231 Canal 51.. Lemont. III.. Howard M. MarUndale R No.2. Bruce. Wise. Oscar E. RJsberg, 814 1/2 Soutb 3rd 51.. La Crosse. Wise. Roberl M. Stecker, 3130 N. 45th 51., Mllwauk ee, Wise. CORPORALS Roberl E. Golf, Roule No.2. So. Haven, Michigan Lamont T. Nedland. 950 Adams St., La Crosse, Wise. Bernard Plummer, Crum, W. Va. Kennelh R. ReddInger. Dlsl"nl, Pa. Floyd Wllk, Dousman, Whe.

T/5·.
Charles D. Braden. Lltchlteld, lll. Joseph A. Brualcb, 201 Circle Rd., Peoria. Ill. Clarence E. Bucblugbam, 195 Wllll"ms St., Marselile. Ill. WUllam M. Croxton. 110 E. Fbll-Ellend SI., Fhlladelpnla, lorenco J. Farnsworth, RFD No.5, Danvrlle, tn. Kennelh R. Grant. PO Box No. 91. Omro, Wise. Raymond Hawn, 110 E. Chestnntt. JeffersonvIlLe, Ind. Howard M. Jordan, Gorham, N. H. Matlin J. Labrie, Ouogan. Mich. Pete Mandich. 823 Clarpolnt, Detrott, Mich. Gordon E. McGee, Bunker HlII, m, Clarence B. MlIIer, 1417 nueets. LansIng, Mich. Joseph A. Montgomery, RFD No. I, Wyanet. III. Oscar Olshansky, 140 8tb Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Ellwood L. Peterson, Cannon FallS, Minn. Nathan RJchman, 118 E. Sharpnack 51., Phlla., Fa. Robert L. Rule, RR No. I. RIce Lake. Wlsc. Ernest Sebullan, 'Boons vIII e, Ky. Robert F. Soens, RFD No. I Box 93, Kenosba, wus, Ralph W. SomerVille, 403 cAve F .• Rock Falls, Ill. Harold R. Tellord, Route No.2. Maysvllle, Ga. Marlon H. Ulley, II( S. Ashlon Ave .• Durham. N. C. Harry H. Whllson, 546 N. DIvision si., Du Quoin, Ill. Donald A. Wilhelm. IIIE. 4th sr., Dixon, m. PRIVATES FIRST CLASS

Pa.

MerUn Burcbart, Yancy, Ky. Harry A. Davis, 6501 W. G.eenlleld Av •• W~st Allis. Whc. WUUam C. Dering, 2641 Jonquil St.. New Orleans, La. Dom A. Furo. 56SS Washington Ave .. Chicago, U1. William R. George. 413 E. 1st st., Ofallon, 111. Frank J. Hunley, PIke Street. Co"l Grove, Ohio Lawrence C. Kacmarynskl, RT. No.2. Denmark. WIse. Ralph Maxwell, 1565 Cambridge Blvd., Columbus, Ohio John McHugh, 1513 Prospect ' Ave., Scranton. Pa. Addison F. Meye .. , 11 Howard 51., MUlvale, Pa. David D. Montagna 122 Hampton St., Marquette. Mlc.,. Donald Moore, 1049 'Ann SI.. Port,smoulh, Va. Lonnie W. Perdue, 1322 POltnonl, ReldsvUle, N. C. Isidore R. Tro.zo. 3231 Corlean Ave., Bronx, N. Y. Homer 1. Wright, PO Box 1372. Corsicana, Texas PIlIVATES Dale H. Am.on, RR No. I Box 189, AHo""a. Pa. leonud E. Cree.. AlIlI •• a. Iowa Maurice F. FuIkerson. 90S S. Mason SI., Bloomington, III. Edwin W. Hom. 3503 Pennsylvania Ave., 51. LouIs, Mo. Gerald V. Heustou, 931 Windsor Ave., New Castle, Pa. (Jus. A. McCullough. 921 Gray SI., New Cull... Del. O.esles L.. Panagolaco., 321 Uncoln St.. Johnstown. Pa, Robert S. Pastorius, RFD No. I, MUion Jet. Wisc. Roland J. RJehard, 9 Pine SI., Rochester, N. Y. MortiS, Slilcksr '579 Penna Ave.. BrookJyn~ N. Y. CI.arenco II. Smllb, 225 )JIb Ave .., N.E .. St. Petersburg. Fla. Stanley B. Soren.en, County Road C•• 51. Paul, Minnesota

55

MEDICAL DETACHMENT
STAFf Arth'ur Robert SERGEANTS C. Bernard, 1. Tibbits, 4th and Tee. 3 Wise. 6611 17tb Av., Kenosha, WI.e. 3603 W. Lisbon Ave., Milwaukee, GRADE

TECHNICIANS

Raymond B. Connor, R.FD No .. 2. Ma,nning. Iowa. PhUUp J. Poettn, 245 E. 39th SI., New York, N. Y. CORPORALS Tommy V. Albernatby, Wblle CUy, Xansas

TECHNICIANS

Sih GRADE

George E. Belcks, 25 Glen St., Holyoke, Mass. Robert L. Davis, Eleanor, W. Va. JohnnIe B. Jones, RI. No.3, Decanler, Texas Malcolm 1. Whicker, RR-·3, Rkbmond, Ky. PRIVATES FIRST CLASS

Lee G. Howard. 1075 Burgess St., St. Panl Minnesota Thomas J. Polk, 611 Ceda .• St., Lapeer, Mlcb. PRIV-ATES John D. Beck. 103 Lake Avea., Trenton, N. J. Joseph S. KraJewski, 3675 E. 55 51" Cleveland, Ohio

BATTERY "A"
Commanding Ollieer: Capt David B. Anderson, 178 Ogden lsi Lt., John McV Haight, RolUng Knetls, Bristol, N. H. lst Lt., Duncan S. Boughner, Camsteo, N. Y. lsi Lt., Charles P. MacDonald, 80 Pond St., New Haven, fIRST Roman STAPf SERGEANT W. Rebaszewskt, SERGEANTS 1513 N. PaulIna 51. Chlcaqo, III. Ave., Conn. Benton Harbour, MIch.

Gordon H. 'Adk1ns, 4251.1. 7th Ave., HunUng, W. Va. Raymond E. Clark, l S Pleasant 51. Douev·PoxcroU, MaIne Em"'l V. Capllo, 901-51h St. S. E. Roanoke, Va. Joseph E. O'Rourke, 160 Hamlltun, Fond du Lac, Wisc. Edward V. Vaillancourt, 2301 Carlisle Ave., Radne, Wisconsin Harold R. Welgal, 2U N. Kolin Ave., Chlca.go, Ill.' SERGEANTS John A. B"rt., 2313 W Shake.spare Ave., Clt1cago, Ill. Earl Begley, Shoal, Ky. Walle, BU'a, 1626 35tb St. Melrose PaIk, Ill. Charles B. Dale, R.f.D. No.5, Parts, Ky. wuus, Clark, Clinton, nr, Robert P. Miller, 55 Oue SI. N. E., Wa.lt1nglon, D. C. Harold L. Paulsen, West Branch, Iowa Anthony R, Stanlewlcl. 63 S 3Id St., BrookIYll, N. Y. Floyd L. Sieln, 1115 Broadway St. Joseph Tylenda, PO Box No. (06, Weed s port, N. Y. Kenneth D. Ward, Route No. t, Marion, Ill. George L. Goddard, Wapell~,

m.

56

James M. Kimsey, RFD No. 8 Box 5IS-B. Albert Ouellette, Jr. 23056 EasterUng >\ve. Royal Oak Twp., Michigan George Rumaebf k, Roule No. 2 Box No. 12:0, Kenosha, Wlsconstn liuberlj R~, lW'eUe"man, E. Maln 51., Cambridge ClIy, JndJana CORPORALS Willard R. Alexander, Rt I., Rogersville, Ala.. Henry F. Brokaw, Route No. J Bolt 26, Paducah, Ky. SIUlman E. Brown, Hancock, Wisconsin Charles W. Berdan, 404 Flanders Rd., Rlverbead Sullolk, N. Y. Herman W. Clevenger, Route No.2, Galesburg. Joe E~ Comptcn, Rt 3, Henderson, Texas John J. Dubhukl, 1625 Hermllage Ave., Chicago,. lll. Joseph M. Dusman, 292 GrUlUh St. Jersey, City, N. I. BUly R. Drew, Gen Del. Calvert, Texas, James L. FIring, 334 Spring Garden SI., Reading, Penna. Orval H. Gardner, RI. 2, Fall Branch, Tenn. Andra H•. Halbert, Gen Del, Milan, Texas Adam Hartman, 25 Penn Ave., Chtttun, Wisconsin Henry J. Kines, Route No.2, 'Antlgo, Wisconsin Stanley P. Ko'sma, 18 Dartmouth SI., Woburn, Mass. Levi S. Ludtke, 117 Main 51., Gregory, Mlcb. John V. Petrovich, 1091 E, 67th St .. Cleveland, ,Obio Lawrence McHugh, 353 E South St., Galesburg, m. Carl I, Nevcb, 2045 Hyland, fundal", Mlc.b. Thurman P. Holloran, HIS Usswood Ave., Cleveland, Oblo IRabert C. Hurm, 1104 E, WIndsor Place'. MilwaUkee, Wise. Chester, J. Lisiecki, J03t S 9tb 51.. Milwaukee, Wise. Vincent, Pentatowskt, IlJJ W. Grand Ave., Muskegon, Mlcb. Jolly Reed, Rt No. I, Heiskell, Tenn. Jerome W. Reeves, 295 Centr.1 Park, New York, N. Y. Jim. D.. Reid, 1805 Mcferrin, SI. Waco, Texas Rlchazd E, Schupmann, 2841 Edgar Ave., Oveetand, Mo. Rlcbard R. Seeley, Reute No.4, Alexandria, MInn. James R. Stropes, IUS Owen Ave., Racine, Wiisc. Charles L. Siewart, 1260 W. Main St., W. Praukfort, Ill. Max L. Shelefu, Grape Creek, D1, Lonnie Rowe. Ptnsonforo+, Ky_ Joseph Snowden, Prospect, Ky. Victor A. Virant, 1405 N. Y. Ave., Sheboygan, Wise. Louis VlLali, Sawyervllle, m. Charles W. Weber, 4305 44th 51., Sunnyside, N. Y. Clarence Marl<., Man!stigoe, Mich.

m.

PRIVATES

FIRST

CLASS

George F. 'Abele, 1715 Brill St .. Phll., Penna, Burton L. DartlLng, t4l0 Mulberry 51., Waterloo, Iowa. Wyron L~ Bauch, 230oIh. Montr'ose Ave., Mont.rose, Callf. Elroy A. Behling, Roule No.2, Box 75 Hubert J. Braeqer, 1528 S 9th 51., Sheboygan, 'Vise. Louis Bredolo, 1 I 5 Indiana Ave., S~eboyg"n, Wise. Geratd Brlnks, 826 Thomas S. E.. Grand Rapids, Mich. DanJel CorvelJl, Jr, 523 N. 9th 51., ReadIng, Penna. Frank A. Cwlk, 4082 nod Main St.. Detroi!, Mich. Harold E. Guerin, RfD No. t, Curtice, Ohto Irving Gellman, RFD No.2, Engllshlown, N. Y. Eugene T. HeUejn~ Lemont Pumace, Penna, Robert L. Hensley, Rl No.3, Cbuckey, Tenn. Robert W. 1lugbe., General Delivery, Carthaqe, Tenn. Carl Howard, Gypsy, Ky. James A. King, 3121 Bads Ave., 51. Louts, Mo. Maurice L. Laptaca, 414 Teanuck Rd ..• IUdgetleld, Pari" N. J. John H. Long, Rt No.2, Kaufman, Texas Vaten!!n e T. Marlynuska, 619 WUlow 51., Lllly, Penn. Julius McAHster, 2411 Buncombe Rd., Greenville, S. C. Robert L. McMeen. 116 W. 3rd Ave., Mammoutb, Ill. Paul I. Newman, Sawestewn, Penna. Robert E. Pallen, Gen Del., Sale Creek, Tenn. Henry L. Rank, 111 McCulloh SI .. Frostburg, Md. frank F. JUcclo, 1947 23rd St., De. Moines, Iowa. Albert Smelgas, 2115 Oswego Ave., BalUmorc, Md.

57

Kennell, W. Snapp, 102 Cedar St., 51. Paul, Minn. Jolin f. Suwala, 433 4tll Ave., ford ClIy, Penna. Sherwood W. Swarthout, 650 Garson Ave .. Rochester, N. Y. Waller E. Teasley, 244 51.. Rasbury, Mass. Angelo J. Tullo, 336 E 10lh St., New York. N. Y. Eugene K. WI.nler, 3765 N. 40th 51., Milwaukee. Wise. Cllarles W. Woolen. Bowie, Texas Robert W. Wittkopp, Box 305, Hartman, Wise. Edmund D, Kennedy, 759 Pulton 51.• Aurora. Ill.

PRIY·ATES John W. Abboll. 11359t.h 51.• W. N. Y., N. J. Tbeorode E. Armstrong, 1428·151;' St.. Santa MODica, CaW. Raymond J. Beaucbamp 401 Lyman St. Iron MI., Mlcll. Wyron L. Bauch, 2300Jh Montra'" Ave., Montrose, Calli. Marvln R. Blgga, Gen Del., Freeport. Texas VI,dot J. Bra,neot 51 Cberry St.. Somerset, Mass. William L. Call urn, 809 Berkl e"y Ave., Cha rio ttc, N. C. WUHam P. Cullen. 15 Mill Road, Wilmington, Delaware Walter C. Durham. 941 KUburn, Ave., Rockforl. Ill. Samuel DICioccio, St3 Front St., Hartford, Conn. Willard B. Edinger, 200 N 10t.h St .• Easlon, Penn. Roy Evans. Route No. I, Chuckey. Tenn. John T. Dwornlk, 1010 N. Hermitage Ave., Chicago, Ill. John J. Fltzpa Irick. 1232 oaies St. N. E., Washington, D. C. Jame. M. Gallagber. 3301 University Ave .• Mlnneapohs, MInn. George L. Gracious, Mount Yernon, III. Irvin R. Gross, 643 Empire Btvd., Brooklyn. N. Y. William B. Haddock, RFD No. I, Hookellioo. N. C. Charles Ii. Holbrook, 111 N I1lh 51., Apolla, Pa. Orlo V. Huntoon, 1714 Ruddtllam Ave., N. Muskegon, Mkh. Robert H. Hyer, 12 W 97th SI.• New York. N. Y. Willla.m J. Jennings, RI No. I, Leabadon, Mlssoourt WUUam Jooes, Box No, n. Corrlgan, Texas Samuel K. Kessler, 1901·6 St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Lloyd A.. Lange, Johnsen, Minn. Robert J. Leavey, 328 62nd St. New York. N. Y. WUUam A. Lemons, Raymond.vllle, Missouri Ignallus W. Lukowski, 69 Prospect St., Websler. Mas s, John J. Lynch, 436 Broadway, SI. Paul, Minn. Walter Y. Macklnen, 1338 W Cherry St., Milwaukee, WI,c. John E. Mayberry. Roule No.2, Carlhage. Tenn. Peter M. McKenna, 128 W 96th St .. New York, N. Y. Ros. J. Meranle, Q39 Walnul SI., Ambridge. Pa, Roy H. MUler, 50S W Bowie 51., Ma.rsball, Texas JaJlle. F. Mingus. 133 Pi.nocca St" Cha.riotle, N. C. Eugene Y. Monk, 605 lsI St., Peoria, lIi. Durwood E. Neff, Roule 2.. Crooksvttje, Ohio Felix Paprzyckl, 1140 Lansdown Ave. Stanley W. Prsyblek. '224 22nd St .. Brooklyn, N. Y. John S. Plvarnlk, 322'1.. Cherry 51. W., Homestead, Penna, Arthur W. Rahn, 1211 N 61h 51., Harrisburg, Pa. George S. RaJnwater, Rt 3, Concord, Tenn. Joseph Raltl, 721 Adams 51.. Hoboken, N. J. WllllaJII O. Rltch.sou, Rt No.2, Macadonla, D1. Leonard T. Ro~lckl, 376 E Noble St., Nanticoke, Pa, Norbert 5chemonsky, 13341 Jane. Delroll, Mich. Thomas P, scardine, 2742 Pitkin Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Donald L. Smouse,RD No.4, Box 2.57, Unlcntown, Pa. Dock J. Sioker, Rt No .• , Dallas, Ga. Samuel StorUassl. 185 Harrlct St., Urldgeporl, Conn. Everelt C. TUllock, III No. J, Greenvftta, Tenn. Joseph L. Yetrl. 1502 66th St., Brook.lyn. N. Y. Robert A. Waggoner. 226 Curry 51., Clio, h-tlcb. Russel E. Williams, IU Water 51., Randolpb. Maine James P. Zucaro, 5509 Hudson Ave, W. N. Y., New Jersey Frederick E. Sellbymer. 406 Harmon Avc., DanvUle, m. Hubert C. Sexlon, Coalmont, Ind. Charles H. Obd.ay Jr .. RED No.3, Lander Rd., ChagrIn Fal ls, OhIo William A. Pa.ssow, 1510 W Vine, Milwaukee, WIs,

58

BATTERY

"B"
Ma ss.

Battery Couunander: Capt. Rfchard W. KeUeber, 18 RIngold SI., Marlboro, 1st Lt. Charles R. McCartby., 231 Magee Ave., Rochester, N. Y.. tat Lt. John F. MUler. 58 Euclid Place, BuUalo, N. Y. lsi Lt. Harry H. Presion, Hood River. Oregon. Flrsl Sergeant: Theodore S. Urbanek, 4322 Soutb Hermllage Ave., Chicago, STAFF SERGEANTS

m.

Noble G. Alcoke, Dietrich. IU. Dale E. Boone, 5.>5 Wl1dwood Ave., Kenkakee, 1lI. Keith A. L. Kinnear, 1133-l51h St .• Rock Island, 111. Harry P. Pou lakos, Boston, Mass. I.onnie Rowe, Plnsonfork, Kent. Lawrence L. Sharp, J71~23rd SI., Delroit, 16. Mich. Jack J. Topper, Owendal .• Mich. SERGEANTS Arthur W. Alvey, Tell CJIy, Ind. Roberl L. Anderson. 4090 Country Club Drive., Kenaaker, Ill. Glenn C. Beeson, Cowden.. 111. Gustave F. Blebl, 1362-IOtb 51." Osbkosb, Wise. George T. Cook, Roule 3. Stephens Road, Texas Amos Damson, Yeagerr Kent. Victor KaJlon, 306 Monlana Ave., So. MIlwaukee, Wise. MatHn J. Kle.sczewskl, 3626---IOlh Ave., Kenosha, Wise. Arlbur lajoie ss., gO Wilson 51.. Manehe.ter. N. H. .John D. MIchalak, U8 Park St., S. W .. Grand Rapid" Mlcb. PblUp D. Miller, 1421 Conclo Drive, San Bernardino, Cal. Charles C. Pack. Kenver, Ky. Theodore A. Paull, RR No. I, Port Washington, Wisc. Michael Reiter, 16871 steeper, Detroit, Mich. Palll F. Rigney, 1*8 Hogan St., S. W., Grand Rapids, Mlcb. Cad O. WaataJa, Box 102, Route I. Iron RIver, Wise. Elmer WilHam., KI.ngscreek, Ky. CORPORALS Fel1l: J. Andre·ws, 6 Miner 51., N. Adams, Mass. Willi. E. Biggs, Cobden, Ill. Phlllas A. Btlade ..u, RFD I, Exeter, N. H. Joseph M. Boyce. Roule 2. Canton, Ill. Laverne E. Brink, 123 Llncoln-St., Sycamore, III. Harold W. Brouwer., 1313 S. Elmwood Ave., Berwyn. Ill. Edwin L. Bratch.er. 32 S. TUxedo St., Indtanapo lfs, Ind. CharleS W. Carlson, 942 Canlon Ave., MUton, Ma ... Alberl S. Carp"nle~, Rowland House, Fisher", Lane, PlLlladelphla, Penn. 'Alb"r! N. Choiniere, 7 Harvy St .. 51. Jchnshury, VI. vne C. Corve, 121S Elder Ave., Bronx, N. Y. Harold B. DePule. 28 HIghland SI., S. E., Grand Rapids. Mich. Hollis H. Fairley, P. O. BOl< 6t1, Saucier, Mis s, George C. Drinnon Jr., Rt. No.2, WhItesburg, Tenn. Jerry Ferrelli. Uniontown. Penna .. Gil B. Ferrtae, U Hazelnurst Rd.. Somerset, Mas s, Caleb C. Foley, MI. Sidney, Virginia .. ROllle I Elroy W. Fluhr, SOi-stb SI., Kiel, Wise. Mu GuildS, RFD No. I, Ulysses, Pen.na. Charles H. Hlggln., Gen Delivery, Seneca, III. Leonard L. Johnson. RFD, Sandwich, m. LesJleA. Karcher, RFD In Lake Geneva, Wise. Harry Megerdlchaln, 783 Amslerdam Ave., New York. N. Y. Lloyd F. Nixon, New SlraJlSvlll e , Ohio LOllis Petrone, 110 Columbia Ave., Hu.netnglon SI., Long bland, N. Y. Ja.Qu.~:s W. PorlzUne, Thompatown, Penna. Harold F. RudloU, 1221 E. Pacific St., Appleton, Wise. Daniel D. SchlJll.man .. U50 Vatenttne Ave., :aron.x, N. Y. Charl"s W. Shaner, 1112 Markwood -Ave .. IndlaD.apoll., Ind.

59

Marsholl H. Sherman, !830 chrtsuaa Ave., Cmeago, Ill, DonaId Jl, Slegemann, 1228--12111 st., Osbkosh, WIse, Clayton W. W",,)ck, 2512 Hennepin Ave .. So. Minneapolis, Ke"nelh E, WearIng, 1736 N. 13th st., MUwaukee, Wise. P,f.C"

MInn.

Clyde Adams, 185t Taylor Ave., LoUisville, Ky. Ear! f. And •• , Thnb.ervUle, Vlrg. Vernon Askewr Route J, Cholce, Texas Roberl A. Bea.zley, 2210--------41!t Ave., RIchmond, Vlrg. Joe Behe eler; Route No. L Rulberlordton, N.C. Pablo Ca rnal a.", 1565 Gerome A ve., Fort Lee, N. J. francis Colly, 246 Park SI., Tupper Lake, N, Y. WillIam D. DeCkeo, ('25 ErIe Ave., Glas.porl, Penna. Charles T. Decker, 42 Dedman 51" Po.! Rlchmond, Slale;, ISland, N. Y. John DoU na r, Avella "elghls, Penna, DomInick c. Fentlne, 1055 EucHd Ave., Serenlo.a, Penna, Gil. P. Folino., 821 W. Oak, Slockion., C<!.I.II. Harold B. friedman. '2780 Cambrtdge Terrace, New York, N. !i" WJlUow C. GallS, Ill. No. I, Capltana. W. Va. James 1-1. Goddar<l, 1003 Grant SI., N. W, New Phll.d"lphl .., Ohl" James E~ H[Jga, "Brislo1'1' Tenn. James D. Hall, Box 493', pula'I;;!, Vlrg. Richard R, Headley, RfD No. I. PenInsula., 011Jo Paol T.. Hollday, III Roberl 51.. Cumberland, Maryland David L. Hunter, 2816 Ezra Ave., Zion., Ill. Norman K. HU$e, 305 S~ !lLb si., Beu Clalre. Wise. Jolm Jacobs" 69 MODroe Ave., Creu,kHl, 'Wl$c. Gerald E. Magee, 200, N Irvine Ave .. Sharon, Pen.n a, Harold Marsh, Ogden, Itt, Joseph Mdlo, 16 ~rno!d SI., Provfdenee, R. I. Jol'" Mellon Jr., 61 MaIn 51." Morea Collle,y, Penna. Pe ul Mic_baUckil'" SlaUotdvHler Coon .., Box 194 Ch,l$ly R. Odcwahn Jr., 504 Asllland Ave .. Lout sv .I\1o" Ky, Samuel Pettus Jr .. La Pine, Alabama, Route No. 1 A very D.. Reecer, 224 Second St'., Tipton, Ind. Samuel Sandler, 3U-W-ISth 51.., Norfolk,. Va. McLain V. S.ndstrom. La" e Cry<taJ, Minn. Gregory J. Schtemm, 1501 KtnnIeklDnic Ave., Milwaukee,., W!se. MIHan 13, Sleg<lrt,. 21126 PIckford, De troJl , Mich. Robert 5 wanson , 4\S West Madison 51 -., Belvidere, m. Roore D. T'et:<lo.l.i" 321 Mlnakawa .. Rd., Mad.!son, Wise. James R, TomblIn, L·o.m1>e,loD (RedWOOd)" Ml!ln. WaHer M. Tulles, J 09 Lee SI" Itosc'"sko., Miss. Paul E" Urbaschak, 5 Jolmston Pd., Rosebury, Mass. Robert E. Vaudrenfl, II! Fairfield St" WorceSler. Mass. Joh in P. VlUalobos, !36 Wesl I'lo.[ey 51.. Santa Barbara, Calif. Harry S. Williams, 811 N. PI"" st., Decauter, Ill, PRIVATES Clayton A. Adrlba.n, (Ott West, Pourth st., Duluth, MInn. Clyde W. Austin, '824 Dorchester Ave., S. W., G,rand Reptds, Paul Beard, !'lU N. 13th SI"., 51. Louis, Mo. Joe J.. Bened.tl .... n Ncrton 51., Patchogue, N. Y. JolLn M. Bernardo, 12 3rd School sr., Brf stol, R. t, BeUon Burnett, Bo;nse.ce,ur Rl., 'foley AIa~ CIlUord R. Clankte, Rocklord, ll!. Victor A. Carulll, 9'3 Norlh Laurel 51., BrudgeJon, N. J. Joseph Covel cskt, 31N. Da!l.1< SI., New london, Conn. Charles L. DIetz" R., D. No. I. Corry, Penna, Ray Drummond, N. 251h St., BirmIngham. Ala. Arthur Dubo.!s, '1.7 Hall St., Fori Kent, Maln~ Al~ ert G _ Edward.. PO B 0"206, Cai! etc n, M tcb, Walden H. Fields, Clemons, Iten!. Harry V, fUel>, 136 Easl River 51., JUan, N. Y., Ja.mu P. Gilligan, 1029 Washlnglon 51... Hoboken, N. J. Howard S. Graham, Boll. 66. RO!ldoul, 11!, Mar·,,1n A. Grams., 1035 HIgh Ave., Sheboygan. Wise, Morris G. gr'ee.D~ 428 Harelson St.rGaleg,;J',r 1lJ~ James W. Harden, Route 1, Cli!1yton~ AJaba:ma sur S. Ja.ckwa}<, RR No.2, Canlen, Ill. Mich.

ns

60

Atbert P. Karl., New HolsteIn, Wise. John Kulczy·n.kJ, 305--18111.. .Ave., Newark, N. J. Joh" 1. Kuprall, 5(;1(1-32 st., Detroit. Mich. Lloyd E. LIston, 3513 E. Slauson, .Ave., Maywood, Calli. Napoleon J. LovIngood. 44150 Montgomery Rd., Norwood, 011.10 Paul G. Malacar, 323 Ea.t 9th St., Uptand, CalU. James Manolla., IS Rulgers Place, New York, N. Y. Mlch.ael P. Nagurka, 16 West-t9lh St., Wehawkell., N. J. Mow N. Ng., 22 Oxford St., Boston, Ma ss. Prenk J, PavaUno, 11>3 CatharIne SI., Brldgepor'l, Conn. Charles W. PhUlIps, Route 3, Box 159, Gru ttun, W. va, loseph. S. Poplowskl, 138 Steuben SI..• Pill.burgb, Penna. Jerome ReIch, 8S5 Bryant Ave., BroDx, N. Y. DanIel RIemer, 55 Ea.1 10lh SI., New York, N. Y. Mlch.ael Roma.no, 2850 W. 21s1 51.. Brooklyn, N. Y. James R. ROY, 49 Poller SI., Boslon, Mas s. Thomas J. Scalera, 737 Magenla St., New York, N. Y. lobn R. Schuster, Sandwtch, M.... CUllord D. Sellers, 1121 2nd Ave., San DIego. Calif. John M. SevcIk, 2505 S. Throop St., ChIcago, Ill. WUUa<D H. Smith lr .. 1403 Ave. A, FILnt, Mich. Leo SokolGwskl, 4034 Maln 51., Philadelphia, PC.DRa. YsIdro R. SoUz, 1015 E. Lee St., KIngsville, Texas Zoly 50S. Mallery, W. Va. Asama B. Toya, 412-119 Ave., Ba.t Superior. Wise. Richard .A. V"ndjnl, 2148 N. Moody, Chlcago. Ill. Alfonso Villano. 634 Morris Park Ave., Bronx, N. Y. Anthony P. Vtnsko, 42,4 W. GIrard St., Alias, Penna. VIctor E. Walters, 1421 WIlUa.'" st., Indlanapotts, Ind. Robert L. Waugb, Dahlgren, m. Denver H. Whlstel, Mapleton, Depot, Penna. l'Iarold Brody, Brooklyn, N. Y.

BATTERY "C"
Battery Commander: Capt Frank C. Redlnbo Jr., RR No.3, 1st Lt. Lollis M. Reder, 1616 franklln St.; Olympia, Wash. 1st Lt. John E. Cogley, 666 Park Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 1st Lt. lames P. McDermott, 1909 W. 16th St., Wilmington, First Sergeant: Thomas M. Moye, Bellepletns, Pa. STAFF SERGEANTS AND TIS Sidney, Del. Oblo

Charles T. Burke, 1905 So 2nd Ave .. Maywood, Ill. Vernon F. Keller, Box :JO. Gregory, Texas Waldo E. LewIs, BOl< No. 302, RR No.2, Osalen, Ind. Donald 1. Mac Mmen. 102 Fairbanks 51., Grand Rapids, Mich. Herbert A. Ripke, 2322 East Haley si.. Midland, MIch. Paul E. Young, RR No. I, Gibson, Ill. SERGEANTS AND TEC

.'s

Me.lvln P. Allison, R No.2, Rossville, m. Cyril H. Bloechl, 521-11tb,. Oshkosh, WIse. FrederIck DI.ngeldeln, 225 Lockwood Ave., Yonkers, N. Y. Joseph K. Groene, 305 Wakomla, AlexandrIa. MinD. WJlllam L. Hutson, 329 Locust St., Quincy, m. Ernest E. Krans.. RFD No.1, Harper, Kans. Robert M. McCulley, 540 West Orange DrIve. Whlltier, Calif. Walter Orzolek. 5405 North Magnel Ave .. Chicago, IiI. Warren H. Phillips, 106 Oak 51., Pateesun, N. J. Joho T. Rush, 733 Parker SI., Roxburv, Ma ss, Marshall H. SchulT!!, 101 N. Commercia.! St .. Neenah, WI.c. John H. Stenberg en, 123 Dale St., Grand Rapids, MIch. Millon J. Tichy, 2459 S. MlUard Ave., Chlcago, Ill. Lester R. Wall, 33 Monument Square. Charleston, Mass.

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CORPORALS Roscoe V. Hower, RR No.1. Harrod, ObJo Carl tronshcoter, 'Wood, S. Dajeota Robert C. C~r"o"ky, 22~3 S. Central Park Ave., ChIcago, III. Harry T. Lablnsld, 2224 S. 21s1 sr., Milwaukee, Wise. Fra.nl< J. Novak, 1122 W"st 481h 51., Chicago, Ill. Ant.bony A. OJl.halsl<y, 901 MaIn 51., Stmp.on, Pa. Edward L. Pelerson, RFD No. I, Lena, WIse. Clarence C. Plund, 2006-13th Ave .. Monroe, Wise. Joho T. Pappas, 210 Morgan St., Peoria, m. CUllan H. vens, RI:-I, Hebron" m. Duane L. Wlllbur, 396 Upton Ave., BatUe Creek, Mich. TECHNICIANS GRADE FIVE

Lloyd H. Byers, 920 Colther St., Jaeksnnvltle, Ill. Donald E. Bundy, Golden City, Mo. Odell R. Crouse, WhItehead, N. C. Eugene DUtrlch, R No. I, Sheboygan, Wlsc. Michael Pernlnc, 66 First Ave .• Loog Branch, N. J. Sylvester C. Ferris, Alba. Mkh. Aroold R. GrlUlth, RNa. f, ~Iexandrla. Minn. WUIJ ..", Gurlclca, 305 Pasadena, HIghhla.nd Park, Mich. Mark I.. Hanna, 807 John 51., Jollet, Ill. Aronld Jensen, Rice Lake. Wise. FrancIs C. Larkins, 947\6 East Wood SI., Flln\, Mich. Joseph A. Maier, 2296 Andrews Ave., Bran". N. Y. Cecil I. Morgan. Rl'D No.3, Greenville, Tenn. Herman O. W. Oldenburg, 1431 Jefferson Ave., Sheboygan, Harry L. Purdy, 2628 Hogarth. SI., Detroit, Mich. Steven H. pydynkowskl, 52 Webb St., Salem, Mo.ss, Arnold M. Rller, 'Alba, Mich. Earl K. Ros e, Meeh.ruc SI., Antwerp, N. Y. Salvatore Sapia, 494 East 138th si., Bronx, N. Y. Levi E. Van Ommen. Route 3, Holla.nd, Mich. PRIVATES FIRST CLASS

Wi.c.

Jacobus Apon, 393 Central Park West, New York, N. Y. WilHam J. BOIIg, Bo" 96, Norlh Lake, Wi.e. Donald A. Beard, Roule I. Bo" 108, Cave Junctlon, Oregon Lester H. B""I a I.D, Maryland, Point, Md. Walter J. Couturier, 817 Manville .Road, Woonsockel, II. I. Harlau E. Collingbam, 944 1st St .. Harllngton, liI. Harold W. Colburn, Laurellown, N. J. Roy V. Cocke, RFD No. I, Goode, Vlrg. Emanuel D..... ler, S. 17th Ave., Wesl Branch, Mich. Edward Del Ross, 210 Maln St., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Raymond Evans, 206 Fourtb St., N. Belle Vernon, Pa, Robert C. Eyrich" 104.-12-12301 SI.., Richmond Hill, N. Y. Clarence H. Farmer. I.exlngion. Texas Frank R. Fullano, 310 Walnul, Camden, N. J. Caroll B. Green, RNa. 2, Ro,"v1l1 e , DI. Cecil R. Hlse,. 330 Kaloram. St., Staunlon, Vlrg. Shelby C. 1IopkJos, Bo,", 2i6, Parrot, Vlrg. Oliver 'A. HenyaD, Route 1, Seymour Texas Charles E. Hilrper, 2022 15th Ave., Nashville, Tenn. Ronald L. Hawk, 3152 S. Adams Ave., MUwaukee, Wise. Joseph Ippollio, Hooker St .. Jamesburg, N. Y. Hensel A. Kackley, 33 VI.oe, Charleston, iii. Charles A. Kenl, 270 N. Rosewood Ave., Kankakee, Jilltnes H. Korle, Route 2, Hillman, Minn. Wilbur E. Lester, 452 Jellerson st., Gary. Ind. Prancls J. McElroy, 159 West 96th St .. New Yorl!,. N. Y. Oscar J. MeadOWS, Box 245, MOllgelona, Mich. Calvin J. Myers, 307 Cberry, Chattanooga, Tenn. Jerome V. Merchllnskl. 626 E. MI. Vernon si., Sheandoah, Pa. Paul B. Miller, 1653 Moss SI., Reading, Pa, William T. Myn.all Jr .. Route 2, Box 4.19, Kno"vJlle, Tenn. leb McManus. Route No. I. Midland, N. C. David G. NOWland. 19918 WlngavUle, Delrolt, Mich. Harold E. Newingham, 2227 Eas! Hickory, Decatur, Ill, WlIUam B.. Phlblb.lck, RFD 6. London" N. H.

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Donald M. Priest, RfD No. I, Beulah, Mich. Waller T. Pl.aweckt, J2 Woodbine, Bristol Conn. Tom H. Rlch.mond, Route No.2, LexIngton. Va. Harry M. Roediger, 5625 fairview, Detroit, Mich. J.me. J. Rub, 2502 W. Greenfield Ave., Milwaukee. Wise. Romain D. Roy. 52 Franklin St., Augusta. Maine George Rboades. New castle, Delaware EU., Robertson Jr. Alan Rockmore, 1859 East J3d St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Waller J. Rooney, 7841 Ingleside Ave., Chicago. Ill. George E. Scanlan, 5946 S. Prlncetoo Ave .. Cllicago. Ill. Paul F. Schumaclrej', Route No.1" Branham, Tex as Max Schwarlz, 615 Wl1lougbby Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Stanley L. Shulman, 20 WabilSb Ave .• Worcester. Mas s, Stanley L. Sullern Jr •• 61h Street, Hltlhurn, N. Y. James R. Tallant, 703 Soulh 151b, Corsicana, Texas Melvin B. Toman, 90 Becks Bakery, Wayne,sboro. Va. Emmitt E. Wallace, 923 Duber Ave., S. W. Canton. Ohio Clyde A. Weems, ROute No. 10, GreenvIlle, Tenn. Sherman O. Whicker, 510 S. Brotherton St., Muncie. Ind. Vincent E. lema, US Glover Ave., Yonkers, N. Y. PRIV-ATES George H. 'Anderson, 418 S. Washington, Danville, Ill. Dnoald H. Ball, 334 BluU St., Marquelte, Mich. John J. BOItOD, 315 2d Aye., Big Rapids, Mich. Antllony BonDono. 1140 Ridge Ave .• Jobnstewu, Po. Joseph Cardyn, 5331 KIncaId St., Plttsburgb, Pd. Frank H. Clser, 1016 Willow Ave., Hoboken, N. J. Allred A. C<>te, 12U C<>rnty St .. Fall River. Ma ss. Elmer N. Danley, RR No.1. Uncoln, Ill. Edward A. Decorah, Route No.2, Box 217. WIII.nberg, Wise. DavId Druck, 1525 Fulton Ave., Bronx, N. Y. Eddle F. Dyga. 1821 Henry St., Muskegon. MIch. Vidor W. Gavern, 836 Birch Street, Scranton, Pa. Louts F. Hili, 3o, Belvede.rc Ave .. Reading, P a, Warren J. Haring, 5,35 N. 19th Ave., Mollne, III. Charles R. Kane, Omar. W. Va. Jame. A. Kelley, Geer Del, Pr eseott, Ark. Stanley B. Luday, 1181 Kennebec, Plltsbucgb. Pa. WIlliam L. Lucas, BOI 65, Lemont, Pa. Thomas F. McGuire Jr" 118 Jewell Ave., J ers ey City, N. J. James McKee, RFD No.5, Cresap Park, Md. Merrill Z. Mme r, RR No.2, PecatonIca. Ill. Sianley N.nt~. Mozelle, Kentucky Ha.fry A. O'Neill, RFO No. S, Hutchrn, Trenton, N. J. Joseph P. Palaglo, 19 Camemn Ave., Mer1ck, N. J. Carl E. Pea s e, R.FD No. I. Hart, Mich. Milburn A. Posey, 309 Lanstng St., Cbaltanoga, Tenn. Leon S. Pinder Sr., 8406 Mulberry 51., Tampa, Fla. Josepb Prosk, 1349 Fulton Ave., Br<>n.x, N. Y. Le Roy Pryor, Mason City. ru. Fred Ritsema. 1101, Wayland, Mlcb. WIlliam L. ROllrk, Westmoreland Blyd. Los Angele., Cal. Georg .. Rushfn, Hammond, Ind. Henry T. Scbadeberg, ~35 Madison SI., Villa Park, m. Vernon E. Shallo, 396 North Ave., Hlgbland Park. John H. Sho,"o, Maine CIty. Mkh. iiarry AI. Skuczynsk.l, 866 E. Broadway, WInona, MInn. Alexander Ii. Sylvester, 133 W. Girard Ave .. Shenandoah, Fa. Jewell R. Tabb. Drakesboro. Ky. Arne A. Tlkk.anen. ROllle 2. Box 81, Chasse I. Mich. Rocco J. Vega, 163 Famllam Ave., Lodl, N. J. Kendrick Westmoreland. 601 51h Ave. S., NashvlJle, Tenn. Myron R. Womer, NamUe, Pa.

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BATTERY "D"
Commanding Ollleer: Capt Mullord E. Baker, 1905 Commonwealth 1st LI Mervin M. Mikkola, Sebeka, Minn. lsi Ll Edmund B, Moran, 1201 N. Easl Ave., Oak Park, III, lSI Ll John H. Chesnutt, 53 I DeKalh Aye., Sycamore, IH. FIRST SERGEANT Gilbert STAFF A. Nowicki, SERGEANTS 7501 Stron~, Detroit, Mich. Ave., Madison, WIs~.

WIlliam 'AngeloU, 211 W. Miner St., Arlinglon Hlgbt.s, Ill, Everet! G. Bradley, 2432 W. Erie st., Chicago (12), Ill. Cecil G. Loring, Hinckley, DI. Leo J. Qumc1, 2434 W""t Jackson Blvd., Chlcago, Ill, Gordon L. Baker, 1105 Ub St., Peoria, III. Chesler L. S1IIIpson, 103 Clement Ave., Belpre, Ohio SERGEANTS La.rry W. Anderaen, 9534 Forrest Ave., Cbicago, Ill. Floyd W. Bowley, 222.8 No. Central Park Ave., Chicago, Itl, Albert M. Buchanan, RFD No.2, Franklln, Ill. John H. GJbb., 635 Central Ave., Deerfield, Ill. WIUlam T. Gloudeman, 1503 South Magnolia Ave., Los Angeles, Eugene A. HeUn •.r, Star Route, East Side, Oregon Hersbel Lewellen, Dru.mwtlte, Ky. Vern.on E. Llndqufst, Atexanderla, Minn. Melburn A. McDonald, 1154 Apple Ave., Muskegon, Mich. Wilbur G. McReynyolds, RFD No.4, Maquokat.a, Mich. Gerald MllIer, 5021 Carpenter Road, FUnt, Mlcb, Phillip S. Poisson, 3057 Stock Ridge Ave., FHnl, MIch. Charles A, Strausser, 2228 North nod SI .. Elwood Park, 111. Thomas 1>. Walker, 247 North May, Monrovia, calli. CORPORALS Belhel W. Arruour, 303 Longview Place, Decatur, 1lI. James E. Ba.I<.er Jr., 145 N. Sugar St., St. Clairsville, Ohio Lester G. Buchholz, 5051 W, Wlunen a Ave., Chicago, ill. Charles H. CaLn, Route No I, K1ng$lon,. ALa. Donald W. Cook, 19 Haviland St., Dattl .. Creek,. Mich. WLllIaDl H. Cox, Thurman, New York Armand J. Duffy, 22 MIll 51., Laconia, N. H. Ha"y J. Emanuel.on, Tomhave Drug Co .. MOntevideo, Minn. Antbony frank, 2320 I!!lswoorlh St., PhiladelphIa, Penna. Kermit Futler, Box 4, Canada, Kao,Sas 'Archie H. Gordon, 147 N. 7tb SI., E. St. LouIs, Ill. Kennelh It. Grimes, Chccwcbtlla, Calli. Raymond E. Guza; 203 N. St., Bad Axe, Mich. Chesler C. Hansen Jr., 3712 N. 71h 51., Milwaukee, Wise. Prancls W. Hardy, 111 Eastern Ave., Woburn, Mass. Arthur E. Jenner, 5485 S. Kenwood Ave, Cblcago., Ill. Oscar Jokela, Ro.burg, Wasblnglon Kenneth G. Klaas, 110 Magnollaa Ave .. Piedmont, Calli. Jack C. Miller, 2014 West Monroe, 51.. Chicago, III. Orval R. Morris, RR 2 Box 410, We s 1 Frankfort, m. Peter P. Muczy"skl, Meriden Ave .. Southington, Conn. Novle V. Pemberlon, RFD No 3, csuu«. rn, Roy G. Raymer. RFD No 2, Nlo9a, Charles A. RoSS, 413 Oak Street, DeKalb, Ill. MervIn H. Round.s, Okland, Iowa Harold F. Schroeder, 910 Harrison 51., Neenah, Wlsc. Edward J. Shimkus, 3606 South Union Ave., Chicago, 01. Philip A. Swailigure, RFD No I, Solon, Obio Kenneth M. Settles, 1200 9tl1 SI., Golden, Colorado ;Arthur Wallandal, 212 Main SI., Beaver Dam. Wisc. Wlnth.rop J. Walden, Brook. Rd., Mlddlelown, Conn.

Calif.

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George S. Walkln. Jr., Nicholson, Penna, John Wehrweln. 1020 N. 14th St., Sblboygan, Wloc. John A. Zajackowskl, Rt No J, Box 138. Birnamwood, WIse. Joseph P. Zegermacher. 6411 S. Manhilold Ave .• Chicago, m. PRIVATES FIRST CLASS

Waller 1. Black. RFD No 2, Sturgis, Mich. Arlhur ·A. Bless, 5(152 Winthrop St., Chla.go, Ill. Francis J. Bryant, 190 Montgomery St., Chicopee Falls. Mas s. Gordon L. Busch, WHcox Ave .• Highland. New York Francl. P. Cannon,36 Porter St., Woburn, Ma, •. William H. Chevalier, 315 Macklnau Ave., Sheboygan, Mlcb. Harold H. Cherry, 616\1 So. Dunsmuir St., Los Angeles, Calli. J_"s T. Crane. 210 N. Oats St., Dothan, Ala. Coach Crawford Jr .. Co"rneUsvlU, Ky. Walter E. Cryer, RI. No. I, BuckbollJl:. Texas Albert S. Culule, 369 Stokes Ave., Trenton, New Jersey. Billy Duncb. Henlawson, W. Va. Sylva Duclos, Box 278, Glass St., Suncook, N. H. John W. Edward.', Lurne, Virginia Leonard H. Fellon, 418 N. W 23rd St .. Mlaml, FlorIda Frank Geltudore, 4716 Winthrop Ave., Chlc.go, m. Chester E. GUleo Jr., 643 Pranldlo st., Tr<!DtOD, N. J. Allredo V. Guzman, 20:; E. Ena Ave., Klng.vUle, Texas Benjamin L. Hernandez, PO Bo" 366, Claremont, Calif. Durnell A. Hjutbery. FrankUn, Mlnn.. 11-1 Anlbony J. Iovine, I Byers Court, Rochester, N. Y. Patrick Jardone, 30 Moninzc.r Ave., Aushel, N. Y. Loyd P. Jones, 303 lrd Ave .• N. Lewtsburq, Tenn. Leopold Joseph Jr., 21 Charland St., Winslow. Malue. Geo.rye C. Krait, 50 Central Park West. New York ClI.y, New York Olf ver C. Noe. careu ce., Eng'll.h. Ky. Peter J. Nnelandera, 759 Naan St .. Anrl.au, Mich. Cornelfus J. O·Connel. Jr., 1031 WaShington st., Hoboken, N. J. Ralph D. Richard, 853 S. 11h si., Cashocton, Oblo Joe C. Rebertson, Notaclum, W-esl VIrginia Clarence G. Schwanke, Lewtsvltte, Minn. Guy E. SmIth, Makwell Ave .. Washington. Ind. He.Dry R. Spri.nlger, Box U, All. Lorna, Texas Tom F. Taplin. JOI-B-.Forest Par"" So. Beloit, Ill. Peter R. Tcpter, 494 Hillsboro SI., D.erUn, N. H. George A. Voight, 2165 E. Daup.b.in St .. Phil a. , Penna. Theodore Wardyga, 213 Narragansell Ave., RIverside. R. I. Sylvester H. Wejc1echowskl, 19t2 S, 23rd SI., MHwankee, Wise. Charles F. Wlnlers, 1401 Petapsco 51., Baltimore, Mel, PRIVATES Robert L. Bernier. 10 Ronaale Rd., W. Modford, Mass. leonard S~ Brown, 30 ~ E. Main si., Tbomaston, Georgi~ John T. Bowers, 169 Harmon St., Brooklyn, N. Y. PRIVATES CONT'D

Leo L. Chevalier, 1355 Cort S!., Sheboygan. Mich. Ma" W. Curran 2118 W. Madison Ave., Bay City, Mich. Sherman M. Clark. 1913 Madison Sireet, Two Rivers. Wisc. Ralph N. Clayton, 231 Fisher ~ ve. PonUac, Mich. Woodrow N. Dale, 14.55 Valentlne st., Beaumonl, Tex a s Dante A. De S~mone, 347 Wayne Ave., Gin., PhUa., Penna, Manro O. DI Frank, 318 Becket St., Camden, New Jersey Charles E. GaUpeau, 46 Main St., South Bridge, Mass. Adrian A. Gendroo, Litcblleld Rd., Hudson, N. H. Glenn T. Gerrard. RFD No 2. Anderson, S. C. Ralpb W. Gelly Jr., I Ellis 51., Pittsburg. Penna. Gerald Ii. Gigeous •. Boonsboro, Maryland RFD 2 Robert Glam, 504 E. Scott St., Fond Oil Lac, WI.c. Joseph A. Glaspy, 435 E. Church St., Spanta, [I). RobcrtW. H •.rron, 194 N. S.9lna w 51., Ponttac, Mlcb. Joseph D. Hatbawa y, BehlleyvtUlo, P'enna., Box 491 Edward M. Jakes, 2442 S. Homan Ave .. Cblcago, IU. Forrest R. KIng. Truro, Iowa

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1":..,,,. Klapper,22S Hopklrst 51 -., Brooklyn, 6. New York PhilIp F. Ko.lr·ocJ<l, 201 Clinton St., Locksport, New York J es eph P. Korplcs, 1.210 E. ThIrd si., Bethlehem, Penna. Steve Kosttha, Box 182, Strawn. Texas WIlUam K.. landrum, .521 Jell.r .•an, Cenler, Detro It, Mich. James J\. Lowery, ·208 W. 11h 51.., Fount,,-tn ClIy. Tenn. H"mllton E.. Mahoney. 52! Sherlden St., Jccksonvtlfe, Ill. Arnold W, lake. Nashwauk, Minn. W"sley 1. Merck, 724 Nebraska St., Madera, Cam. C!JIlo.d T. Mme., 3626 N. War' se., 51.. Louts, M[ssourl George A, McCrary, RFD No, 2, Ire vlson .• Mlch" WHlard A. Newstrom. Victoria, IIHno!,. leonard D. Mosea, IlIA W. 12~ Ave., Corstcana, Texas, Elvlro 1. MucclJ, 2~0 North Ave., New Rochelle, New York Paul Newlin, 920 Ralslon St., Gary, Indiana Frank M. Pa.I1., 13H ArUngton, Detroit, Mich. Jonas Phillips, Roule No I., Brldville., Tenn. Alyay C. Plumlee Jr., Mt. Herman, Ky. Louts Podpoluck.l, 216 Lane 51., Grand Rapids, M[d., Jobn f. Porter. 0336 Louis XIV 51., New Orleans, La. Wilbur C. Randall. 42 Marlbo." st., Newba,ypo.t, Ma ss, Salvatore Rennezztst, 37 Park 51,. Brook[yn, New Yo,1;. Luther E .. RIggins, Blmer, MIssouri Anthony Scebelo, 3111 Broadway, New York, New Yoork .Jame H. Sheely, RI. No I, Town Acres, North. Pekin, Ill. Charles W. Shoemaker, Rl. No I, MI. Vernon, m, Joseph Stomp~kt 153 Oak St.. Atleutown, Penna. Wl!U<lID. Y. Smith, 141i3 Avenue A, Flint, Mich. Broutstaw C. Staskiewic. H 'Ashland St., Boston, Mn, s. George N. Stathakls, 42 lIherty St." Wesl Orange, N. J. W!l1!am L. Taylor, 532 Jefferson 51., Port Clinton. Obllo Harry R. Tlnsun, 136 N. Wokoll Ave •., Chicago, lll. Christopher P. Todd, 8936 Ada SI., Chicago. Ill. George E. 'Turner" Holliday. Ill. Rail I Vega, 4830 Kennedy Ave., E. Chicago, lad. ClJllord A. Wagner, 130 Elm SI., Cosherton, Ohio Roher' L. Wimmer., Boo," 441. Pearisburg, va, Frank L. Wilhelmi,. 231 Dodgo 51., Gale.na., Ill, Lowfs E.. W[nIngham, Marked Tree, Ark. RPD Joseph F. Wojdylak, 288 Vmage SI., Medway, Ma ss. Stanley C .. Zandlo. 17H MuUo,d 51., Camden, N. J.

P1"inted

b'JI Pa1"ZeUe1' & CO.,

and

bound

b'JI F~eischm.ann

of

F1.dda.,

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66

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