DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY & APPLIED GEOGRAPHY UNIVERSITY OF NORTH BENGAL

SYLLABUS M. Sc in Geography & Applied Geography SEMESTER SYSTEM

Duration: Two Years

Total Marks: 1600

(Distribution: 1. Theory: 50%, 2. Practical: 25%, and 3. Continuing Evaluation: 25%).

Each Semester: Total Marks: 400 Marks for each Semester: 1. Theory: Total Marks: 200 (100 marks each with two Groups, A & B equally). 2. Practical: Total Marks: 100

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3. Continuing Evaluation: Total Marks: 100 GEOGRAPHY & APPLIED GEOGRAPHY UNIVERSITY OF NORTH BENGAL COURSE STRUCTURE SEMESTER SYSTEM Total Marks: 1600
SEMESTER COURSE GROUP UNIT COURSE NAME THEORY (TH)/ PRACTICAL (PR)/ CONTINUING EVALUATION (CEV) TH TH TH TH PR I II III IV E II F (Marks: 400) G H A I III J B K I Seminar B A (Marks: 400) I II Book Review Applied Geo. Project Work Bio-Geography Regional Geography of India Population Geography Geographical Thoughts A B A B Seminar Tutorial Group Discussion Article Review Applied Geography (Physical) Applied Geography (Cultural) CEV MARKS

A I B

A B A B

Geomorphology Climatology Economic Geography Settlement Geography

50 50 50 50 100 25 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 100 25 75 50 50 50 50 100 25

C (Marks: 400) D

TH TH TH TH PR CEV TH TH TH TH PR

3 II III IV M IV N O N (Marks: 400) O P II A B A A B B I Comprehensive Viva Special Course Dissertation Tutorial Group Discussion Comprehensive Viva Special Course # Regional Planning and Development 25 25 25 TH TH TH PR TH PR CEV 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 25

L

CEV

# Any one Special Course is to be selected out of: 1. Applied Pedology, 2. Cartography, 3. Fluvial Geomorphology, 4. Population Geography, and 5. Urban Geography.

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SEMESTER – I Total Marks: 400 Theory Course – A Group – A Full Marks: 50 (Total Marks: 200) (Full Marks: 100) Geomorphology Time: Two Hours

UNIT– I: Objectives and history of Geomorphology; Methods of Geomorphic analysis: Geochronological methods - documentary evidence, artifacts, dendrochronology, pollen, thermoluminescense, isotopic dating. Concept of threshold: extreme events and equilibrium. UNIT – II: Hill slope forms & processes: processes for slope development; Slopes: evolution, forms, parallel retreat and slope replacement models. UNIT – III: Rocks & Landforms: Characteristics of rocks and its influence in the evolution of landforms: Case study of Granite, Basalt & Limestone. UNIT – IV: Dynamics of fluvial processes: Hydrological characteristics of an open channel flow. Fluvial erosion, transportation and deposition. River valley: Valley profiles and shape. Channel pattern: braided, meandering, straight; Erosional and depositional processes & landforms: flood plains, terraces, alluvial fans, deltas. References 1. Ahnert, Frank, 1998: Introduction to Geomorphology, Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, UK, First Edition. 2. Alt, David, 1982: Physical Geology: Approach, Wardsworth Publishing Company, California, USA, First Edition. 3. Bartholomed, Rolland B. and Tillery, Bill W., 1984: Earth Science, D.C. Heath & Co., Lexinton, USA, First Edition. 4. Bradshaw, M.J., Abbott, A.J. and Gelsthorpe, A.P., 1978: The Earth’s Changing surface, Hodder & Stoughton, London, UK, First Edition. 5. Butzer, Karl W., 1976: Geomorphology from the Earth, Harper and Row, Publishers, New York, USA, First Edition. 6. Chorely, R. J. & Kennedy, 1971; Physical Geography: A systems approach, Prentice Hall. 7. Chorley, Richard J., Schumm, Stanley, A. and Sugden, David E., 1985: Geomorphology, Methuen & Company, New York, USA, First Edition. 8. Cooke, R. U. and Doornkamp, J.C., 1997: Geomorphology in environmental management: A new introduction, Oxford University Press, New York, Second Edition.

14. Robert E.. Unwin Hayman.. 1960: Physical Geography. Arthur.. Freeman and Company. Second Edition. Brian J. Japan. New York. Calcutta. Robert J. Arthur N. Oliver and Boyd. Garner. New York. W. Von Nostrand Co. First Edition. UK. 1965: Principles of Physical Geology.. Unwin Hayman.. J.. 1961: Encyclopedia of the Earth. 1988: Rocks and Landforms. 1974: The origin of Landscapes: A Synthesis of Geomorphology. Holmes. Insolation & Heat budget. Cambridge. London.F. First Indian Edition. and Wise. USA. UK. Edinburg. UK. M. First Edition. Oxford University Press. 16. J. 12. Second Edition. 1980: Processes in Geomorphology. USA. UK. Trinkler. Harper & Row. Publishers. Green house effect. Philip G.. Winchester. 27. Kale. Gerrard. Oxford University Press. 1979: Geomorphological Processes: Studies in Physical Geography..). 1989: History of Geomorphology: From Hutton to Hack. ArnoldHeineman Publishers (India) Pvt. Tokyo. 13.. Inc.5 9. USA. Orient Longmen. Ltd. First Edition. First Edition. 26. 1976: Geology: Our Physical Environment. John Wiley & Sons. Brazier. 1977: Physical Geology. and Pestrong. Lester C. James. 1948: A Textbook of Geomorphology. First ELBS and Nelson Edition. 23. J.. 1982: Essentials of Physical Geography. Avijit. John Wiley & Sons. 25. Cambridge University Press. Sheila. Strahler. King. Vishwas S. Prometheus Press.O. A. Second Edition. Second Edition. Embleton. Flint. Strahler. Richard Foster and Skinner. USA. K. 11. Longman Group Ltd. 1993: Hillslope materials and processes. New York. Selby. (Ed. Daniel L.. New Delhi. Atmospheric . Butterworths. 24. Gabler. Derbyshire. Second Edition. New York. Ltd. First Edition. USA. 22. 19. London. Atmospheric motion: forces controlling motion of air. 18. New York. First Edition. Group – B Full Marks: 50 Climatology Time: Two Hours UNIT . Reitan.. London & Toppan Company. Second Edition. R. R.. E. First Edition. Saunders College publishing. First Edition.. 2001: Introduction to Geomorphology.. Clifford and Thornes. 1978: The study of Landforms: A Textbook of Geomorphology. A. 1977: Fundamentals of Geomorphology. Batchworth Press. Arron C. Inc. J. Paul H. Worcester. and Gupta. New York. 20.. Inc. and Hails J. J. Gregory.. Stanley N.. Waters. K. general circulation in the atmosphere. New York. UK. Oxford. Harper’s Geoscience Series. H. Raymond.. USA. Second Edition. Small. Gilluly. Larousse. D. USA. Third Edition. local winds. Davis. Ltd. J. John. 1968: Principles of Geology.. New York. Second Edition. UK.. London. USA. 17.H. and Woodford. McGraw-Hill Book Company.. Arthur N. London. USA. 10. Rice. jet stream.I: Nature and scope of climatology and its relationship with meteorology. 1967: The morphology of the earth: A study and synthesis of world scenary. 15. 21. R. 1963: The Earth Sciences. Sagar...

New Delhi. 4. M. Atmosphere. K.T. K. Western disturbances. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Crowe. 3. McGraw Hill Book Co. New Delhi.. global warming: environmental impacts and society’s response.. 15. Saha. condensation. . Rasool. New York. acid rain: causes & impact. Barry..II: Ocean atmospheric interaction: El Nino.III: Climatic changes: Evidences. G. Methuen & Co. Monsoons of the World. London. and Chorley. Academic Press. Atmospheric disturbances: Cyclones – tropical and extra-tropical. J.. Physical Climatology. classification and distribution. P. Rain and Rain making.M. Mcgraw Hill Kogakusha. Weather and Climate. 1970. Critchfield. S. London.. A. 5. The Upper Atmosphere – Meteorology and Physics... 10. characteristics.. Calcutta. K. New York. Sverre. 1970. Trewartha. 1975. 21. El-Nino – La Nina/ENSO and its Impact on Global Climate in ‘Contemporary Dimensions in Geography’. 2. evaporation. Ratcliffe. K. Physics of the Atmosphere. Mcgraw Hill Book Co. Nature and Natural Processes in ‘Environment’. G. I. Climatology. New Delhi. J. H. New York & London.. possible causes and impact. Colorado University. Bois. T. Paris. 17. 1999. 1969. 1960. G. (Ed. Das. 1958. B. New York... A. 14. and Austin. Longmans. 1965. P. 1969. R. Elseveir. Saha.). New York. Adhunik Jalavayu Vidya (Modern Climatology).. 18. UNIT . 6. Jet Streams of the Atmosphere. Concepts in Climatology. Ltd. 16. Mason.. & Bhattacharyya.M. University of Burdwan. 1975. P. Hydro-meteorology: concept and applications. Climatology. (Ed. (Ed. 1957. N. P. UNIT . Gray Printing Inc. Mason. Calcutta.D. 2000. Oxford University Press. B.. Burdwan. 1962. Du. General meteorology. Introduction to Meteorology. Calcutta University. B.. H. K.. West Bengal State Book Board.. UNIT . 8. New York. Ltd.). 19.. General Climatology. An Introduction to climate. Southern oscillation (ENSO) and La Nina. P. Saha. H. H. Cambridge University Press. 1959. Agro-meteorology: concept and applications.D.IV: Applied climatology: Methods of data collection. R.. 1958. Thunderstorms – origin. G. 7.). P.. Amsterdam. 2000.. processes of precipitation formation and types of precipitation. 9. 1968. Haurwitz. I. The Monsoons. R. Chemistry of the Lower Atmosphere. Oxford University Press. Byers. Kendrew. J. R. New York. H.6 moisture: humidity. Craig.. References 1. Weather forecasting: historical perspectives and modern development. Flohn. Colorado. Tokyo. 12. J. I.. Landsberg. Cambridge. Plenum Press. The Physics of Clouds.. J.. Petterssen. General Climatology. 11. 20.. W.B. 1960. Academic Press. 1968. Clouds.. Riehl. Mcgraw Hill Book Co. 13. 1944. 1971. R.

I: Origin and distribution of Settlements: Origin and distribution pattern of rural settlements and urban centers (with special reference to India) UNIT . role of market in economic development. 1954. University Press. Agriculture Geography.. 3. approaches to the study of economic geography. Symons. Smith. Tord Palander. importance of economic geography. 1979. al. UNIT – II: Von Thunen’s model of agricultural land use and its modifications. secondary and tertiary. 8. New Delhi 1984. Inter-India Publications. et. & Dicken P. D.primary.: Agricultural Geography. crop combination. Walter Isard and Rawstron’s principles. connectivity & accessibility. Economic sectors . – Location in Space: A theoretical approach to economic Geography. 5. John Wiley. Selected agricultural concepts: crop concentration. role of transport in economic development. Types of Economies.: Economic geography. 1972. L. L. J. Transport Network: elements. S. 2. relation of economic geography with other branches of geography.: Agricultural Geography. Losch . 6. August Losch. S. McGraw Hill. M. location quotient and co-efficient of Geographical association. Singh J. A. New Haven. Group – B Full Marks: 50 Settlement Geography Time: Two Hours UNIT . 1995. Methods of measuring the spatial distribution of manufacturing.Y. 1971. L. Delhi. O. New York. India.. London. traffic flow. Symons. UNIT – III: Theories of industrial location: Alfred Weber. crop diversification. and Dhillion. 7. UNIT – IV: Modes of transport. Husain. Llyod P.7 Course – B Group – A Full Marks: 50 (Total Marks: 100) Economic Geography Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Scope and content. 4. Morphology and periodicity of market. John Wiley & Sons. Majid : Agricultural Geography. References 1. London. Bell and Sons. Yale. : Industrial Location. 1972. agricultural productivity & efficiency. N.II: Functional Classification of Settlements: Rural settlements and Urban centers (with special reference to India) . The Economics of Location. Wheeler. Bell and Sons.

and Mapping. Singh. 1980: Indian Cities Abhinav Publications. Sub-setting. (Translator) 1996: Central Places in Southern Germany. Lebelling. Rao. A – D and D – A presentation. 1976: Delhi Metrpolitan Region. L.III: Settlement Structure: Models explaining morphological pattern of rural settlements (with special reference to India). Concept Publishing Co. Hierarchy of settlements in India. References Ambrose.. Models and theories explaining morphological pattern of urban centers. R. Data representation.) 1975: Readings in Rural Settlement Geography. Sudesh. R. New Delhi. b) Operating Systems: MS-DOS. Oxford University Press for HABITAT. Vol. Layer calculation. Duckworth.-I. National Geographical Society of India. W. K. shape analysis of rural settlements and urban centers.. Settlement Pattern. Englewood Cliffs New Jersey. R. Computer Programming and Networking. Mitra. Georeferencing. Ruth Tringham and G. Baskin. Leslie. Theme layer creation. Longman. . Haggett.. Andrew D. Measurements of centrality. e) Scanning. Originally written by C. 1992: Urbanisation in India: Spatial Dimensions. Prakasa. New Delhi.. Mayer. V.) 1967 Readings in urban Geography. Mosaicing. UNIT . Prentice-Hall Inc. Varanasi. Mukherjee S and Bose.. C. 1986: Central Place Theory. Ucko. d) Familier with MS-Office. L. Components of Hardware and Software. etc.IV: Settlement Hierarchy: Central place theory. Practical Full Marks: 100 UNIT – I: Computer Applications in Geography (Total Marks: 100) Course – C Time: Five Hours (Marks: 25) a) Computronics. J. Cliff and Allen Frey (Ed. Settlement and Urbanism. M. Database creation.. Central Book Depot. Asok. and Kashi Nath Singh (Ed. theory of Walter Christaller and August Losch. M. 1992: Urbanisation and Urban Systems in India. Computer organization. Ramachandran.B. Dimbleby (editors) 1972: Man. Christaller in German with title Dio Zentralen Orle Suddeutsch land in 1933. 1970: Concepts in Geography. New Delhi. New Delhi. United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (HABITAT) 1996: An Urbanising World. Oxford University Press. J. Saga Publications. S. Publications.) 1979: Locational Models Arnold Heinemann. Peter.8 UNIT . Kohn (Ed. Peter. Allahabad. Page Maker. King. c) Data Structure and Data Format.. etc.W. Nangia. Global Report on Human Settlements. Classification and Re-classification. Harold and Clyde F. Corel Draw. New Delhi. MS-Windows.

vi) Conical Equal-Area Projection (with two SP). David.P. estimates of mean. test of significance of the regression coefficient and correlation coefficient. 1983. b) Bi-variety analysis : Measuring the strength of association and relationship. viii) Interrupted Sinusoidal Projection 25) UNIT – IV: Surveying (Marks: 25) i) Plane table survey: Intersection & Radiation method ii) Contouring of an area with the help of Dumpy Level iii) Measurement of height of an object with the help of Theodolite when the base is inaccessible. Althoen. Frank. prediction. Harry & Steven C. iv) Theodolite survey: Principles and Application. Ebdon. 2. UNIT – III: Map Projections (Marks: i) Gall’s Stereographic Projection ii) Mercator’s Projection iii) Mollweide’s Projection. sample size. M. – Fundamentals of Statistics. 1994: Statistics: Concepts and Applications. Cambridge University Press. References 1. proportion and their standard errors. Basil Blackwell Publisher. vii) Conical Orthomorphic Projection with one S. A. 1997. Computation of Coordinates and areas. Cambridge. Ordinary least squares method. 1983: Statistics in Geography: A Practical Approach. iv) Simple Conical Projection with Two Standard Parallels v) Conical Equal-Area Projection (with one SP). Goon. Product moment correlation coefficient and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Continuing Evaluation Course – D UNIT – I: UNIT – II: UNIT – III: UNIT – IV: Seminar Tutorial Group Discussion Article Review (Marks: (Marks: (Marks: (Marks: 25) 25) 25) 25) (Total Marks: 100) . Oxford. Methods of different sampling. et. Cambridge low price edition. England. c) Chi-Square tests for goodness of fit and association. explanation. residuals.9 UNIT – II: Statistics (Marks: 25) a) Samples & Sampling: Sampling units and sample frame.. al . Scatter diagram. Simple linear regression equation. Traversing. UK. 3.

1981. John Wiley & sons.): Principles and Applications of Soil Geography. Foth. Bennett. H. New York. London. FAO (1978( : UNESCO/UNEP – Assessment of Soil loss by water erosion. . Dent. E. Technical Monograph No. : Land Use Capability Classification. J. and Davidson. UK iii) Models of land suitability: FAO iv) Terrain classification: CSIRO.K. 1980. : Soil Geography and Land Use. Soil Survey. and Machney. (Ed. 8.S. Bibby. Anthony : Soil Survey and Land Evaluation. 22. Soil Bulletin No. 1. Soil Bulletin No. Henry D. David and Young. 5. 6. FAO (1974) : Approaches to land classification. Gerrard. Longman Group Limited. and Schafer.II: Soil erosion and degradation i) Soil erosion: Factors influencing soil erosion. MEXE models. England and Wales. John W. UK. UK. U. Harpenden.A. 1982. 9. First Edition. George Allen & Unwin. UNIT . Bridges. H.J.M. FAO (1976) : A framework of Land Evaluation. iv) Soil conservation: Methods. Types and mechanism of soil erosion. Methods and Applications of land and terrain evaluation. 3. D. Principles and Strategies References 1.10 SEMESTER – II Total Marks: 400 Theory Course – E (Total Marks: 200) (Total Marks: 100) Applied Geography (Physical) Group – A Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Land and Terrain Evaluation i) Principles. Salinisation. ii) Models of land capability: USDA. distribution and impacts. : Soil Conservation. 4. Great Britain. ii) Soil erosion assessment: USLE model iii) Soil Alkalinisation. 3. 7. First Edition. 2. and Desertification: Causes. D. A. Impact of soil erosion. first Edition. : Soil and Landform.

W. Gondie A. James B. McGraw-Hill Book Company. USA. Third Edition. Victor R. Dudley. Green and Co. 1962. First Edition. N. 17.. R. : Geomorphology : Pure and Applied. Gerald W. 22. Francis D.: Terrain Analysis : A guide to Site Selection Using Aerial Photographic Interpretation. Community Development Series. Hudson. : Soils and the Environment : A guide to soil surveys and their applications. Group . Dowden. Inc. Chapman and hall. principles and methods of practical terrain assessment. Hutchinson & Ross. Mitigation and management of flood losses. Spatial Characteristics. Morgan. USA. Douglas S. 1964: Handbook of Applied Hydrology: A Compendium of Water-resources Technology. Baker. Stamp. UK.A. 2. 1984. L. A Wiley-Interscience Publication. Mitchell.R. 21. 1973: Terrain Evaluation: The World’s Landscapes. in conjunction with Geographical Publications Ltd. Flood forecasting and warning. 1961: Land capability classification : Soil conservation Series. New York. New York. London. impacts and interpretation of flood hazard. Olson. : Soil landscape analysis. Klingbiel. London. George Allen and Unwin. d) Mapping of Landslide susceptibility areas. Agricultural Handbook No. 13. Ltd.. : Applied Geomorphology. River floods: Geophysical processes. 11. 12. and Campbell. 18. 1985. 1986. Longman Group Limited. 15.C: Terrain Evaluation.P. Flood defence. P. VEn Te (Editor-in-Chief). Routledge & Kegan Paul . 14.G. M. John Wiley & Sons. First Edition.. Hart. Flood estimation. new York. b) Materials and landslides. Chapman and Hall. John R.. Chow.. : Soil Conservation.C. Kochel. New York. and Montgomery. : Geomorphological Techniques. 20. Pennsylvania. Firs Edition. Hole. Time: Two Hours . UNIT – II: Floods Physical events and Natural hazards. First Edition. Longmans. : Field Guide to Soils and the Environment : Applications of soil surveys. Townshend J. : Soil erosion and conservation. 1973. USA. Hails. Gerald W. Way. 16. First Edition.11 10. Craig and Patton. USDA. Olson. References 1.. Colin W. A. An introductory handbook to the history. Coastal floods: Flood producing processes in coastal and estuarine areas. UK. c) Stabilisation of Landslides and landslide prone areas.. R. : The land of Britain: its use and misuse. 1988: Flood Geogorphology. Peter C. First Edition. 1981. 19.B Full Marks: 50 UNIT – I: Landslide a) Forces producing slope instability. 210. London..

J. (eds. Popular Prakashan. Wiley. Keith and Roy Ward. 4. L: Culture of Cities. Abercrombie. Time: Two Hours References 1. Director of Town Planning – Master Plan for Jajpur Road. Chichester. P..) : Readings in Urban Geography. 1958. 1998: Floods: Physical processes and Human impacts. S. and Schnore. Hauser. 7. 1977: Earth Surface Sediment Transport: Contemporary problems in Geography. 13.F. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1965. – Fundamentals of Town Planning. Routledge.. 3. – Urban Geography: An Introductory Analysis. K. – Planning the Indian City.A. Leo F. London. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Begde. C. 1968. New Delhi 1987. Statham. P. 8. Smith. Ltd. N. Course – F (Total Marks: 100) Applied Geography (Cultural) Group – A Full Marks: 50 UNIT – I: Urban Planning i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) Definition of urban places & areas. & Simon. Ltd.. 16. 6. Hall. Mumford. 15. 11. Drakakis David & Smith – Urbanisation in the Developing World.H. P. 1989. Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. Ian. G. E.Y.. causes of formation and remedial measures. – Town and Country Planning 2.K. Oxford University Press. Oxford. H. History of urban planning & policy in India. B. C. Oxford University Press. Mahesh. Doxiadis. Orissa 1975.V. Dhanpat Rai & Sons. 1992. Kohn. . England. Desai and Pillai – Slums and Urbnisation. Buch. 14.Y..A.M.. University of Chicago Press. Centre for Urban Studies. 1955. New Delhi. Philip M. 4. Indian Institute of Public Administration : Slum Clearance and Improvement 5. Gallion. Le Corbusier & C. Doxiadis. McMillan & Co. London.12 3. Planning thought: Contribution of Ebenezer Howard. : Urban and Regional Planning. and concept of Town Planning Origin and growth of world urbanisation with particular reference to India. Godda . Directorate of Town Planning. Hiraskar. John Wiley & Sons. Chicago. Bombay 1970. R– Urban and Regional Planning. Slums: definition. Meyor. A. 1969. Delhi. – Ekistics : An Introduction to the Science of Human Settlement. Johnson. Master Plan: necessity & data requirements. Case study of City/Master Plan.. 12. – The Urban Pattern. N. 10. (ed) : The Study of Urbanisation. – Ancient and Medieval Town Planning in India. 9.

UGC Press Limited.K. Tourism as an industry. Singh. Indian Institute of Public Administration.H. – Introduction to Town and Country Planning. 1992. Anders & Lloyd: Natural Disasters. Sterling Publishers (P) Ltd. Scheink.L. V. Ratcliffe. Tourism Motivations. – Slums: A Study in Urban Problem.N. Northam. 8. – Environmental Concerns and Strateghies. 5. Negi. aspects and approaches.) – Geography and environment – Issues and challenges. New Delhi. R. . Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental legislation and implementation in India.) – Environmental Management – the Allahabad Geographical Society. 9. Prayag Pustak Bhawan.) : Natural Disasters. 1994. Khoshoo. Sharad Sing – Environmental Problems in the Himalaya. Khoshoo. of India. 6. 21. 10. – Urban Geography.) : Earthquake Hazard and Risk. V. 12. Negi. 1999. Environmental Management of urban areas.B Full Marks: 50 UNIT – I: Geography of Tourism i) Nature. L. Longman. 3. – Environmental properties in India and sustainable development – 73rd session Indian Science Congress.II: Environmental Management and Environmental Impact Assessment i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) Environmental Management: concept. Glasson. Venkatarayappa. & Chadwick.. Simon.13 17. T. The Publications Division.. R. New Delhi. Allahabad. A – Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment. K. Concept Publishing Co. 7. Singh. University of Allahabad. H. 1999. 1987.N. Oxford University Press. J. Slum Clearance in India. 2nd edition. Scope and Development of Geography of Tourism. Valdimir (Ed. Sharma. Environmental Management of deforested areas. 18. Savindra – Environmental Geography. Govt.. : Urbanisation in India : Spatial Dimensions. Ramchandran. New Delhi. R. 11. Environmental Management of wastelands. References 1. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. 1984.M. J. Therivel. 19. 20.R. Dehra Dun. 1960. IIAD. Delhi.P. 1983. (Ed. Singh. UNIT . – Environmental Conservation. S. and others (Ed. Kluwer Academic publications.S. London.S. 4. 2. New Delhi 1972. and others (Ed. Group . Ross: Hazard Geography.N. Rao. Time: Two Hours .Urbanization & Urban Systems in India. 22. T.

Nanavati & J. D. Pearce UNIT – II: Geography of Rural Development i) Concepts & Dimensions of Rural Development. By A. Tourism principles and Practices: Ed. Policies and Management. iii) Infrastructural facilities in Rural India. Tourism and its impact on environment. Basin circulatory and elongation. dissection index. Quantitative relation between settlement and different relief aspects by linear regression analysis. ii) Rural Development Policies and Strategies in India. The Indian Rural Problems: M. AnJana. Concept of Eco-tourism Tourism Policy and planning in India References 1. Changing Patterns of Development in India: R. Nearest neighbour analysis of settlements (based on topographical maps). Maheswari 3. Rural Economy of India: A. iv) Selected approaches and programmes to Rural Development in India. Geography of Tourism: H. (Marks: 25 UNIT – II: Weather Instruments . Tourism Geography and Trends: M. Robinson 5. Ruggedness index.B. Sinha 2. N. C. Tourism Today: D. Drainage density and texture in different ecological set up. References 1. T. hypsometric curve. J. Altimetric curve. Tourism Geography: P.Kartar Singh 2. Tewari 4. Practical Course – G Full Marks: 100 UNIT – I: Study of Topographical Maps i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) (Total Marks: 100) (Total Marks: 100) Time: Five Hours (Marks: 25) Morphometric analysis of drainage basin: Stream ordering (Horton and Strahler). Approaches to Rural Development: Ed. Dixit 3. 5.14 ii) iii) iv) Geographical Elements of Tourism. Rural Development: Principles. Rural Development in India: A Public Policy Approach. Sadhu & Amarjit Singh 6.S. Moodie. By Fletcher Cooper 4.

13. agricultural efficiency. Mailing. Joel L. a) Measurement of breaking points and detour index. George P. 5. P. Erwin. Kimerling. : An Analytical Study of Map Projections.P. Concept Publishing Company. Prentice Hall. First Edition.R. England. Roy. Morison. International year Book of Cartography VIII. 8. 1997: Digital Cartography. Richardus. 7. Time Series analysis for measuring trend of land value /land use by the method of Semi averages and Least Squares . First Edition. Peter and Adler.crop combination. 3. N. George Philip & Sons Ltd..: Map Projections. Revised & Enlarged Edition.. International Student Edition. Command of the Defence Council: Textbook of Topographic Surveying... location quotient and co-efficient of Geographical association. Inc. Methuen & Co. Ashis : Practical Geography – A Systematic Approach. Rabinson. Philip C. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Ministry of Defence. 14. b) Spatial Distribution of Population Mapping and Population Potential. Cromley. NY 1960 9. McGraw Hill Book Co. Orient Longman. Oxford.: Map Projections. 2001.. Amstardam. First Edition 1968. First Edi. North-Holland Publishing Company. Basil Blackwell Publisher. Cambridge. 12. Ltd..: Elements of Cartography .Straight line and Parabola of the second degree. Mc Millan & Co. 10. Second edi...: Map Projections. A. Sarkar. 1972. Taylor & Francis. Mainwaring. Robert G. Kellaway. 1965. Japan.: The Terminology of Map Projections. Arthur H. Ebdon. Lorenz Curve. 1983. 1995. UNIT – III: Thematic Mapping i) ii) iii) iv) (Marks: 50) Methods of measuring . Misra. First Edition. Fourth Edition. 15. Raisz Erwin. James: An Introduction to the study of Map Projection. Stephen C. A.: Principles of Cartography. Ron K. New York. 4.. D. David: Statistics in Geography: A Practical Approach.. London.. New Delhi. First Edition 1962.John Wiley & Sons. Cal First Edition. Krakk Menno-Jan and Brown Allan: Web Cartography: developments and prospects.15 i) Pluviometric chart.H. Raisz. Applied and Mathematical Geographic Studies. 1949.. .. 2. London. Sixth Edition.. Muehrcke. Cambridge University Press. 1988. New Jersey. Englewood Cliffs.: General Cartography. 1989. 1921.: Fundamentals of Cartography. Ginni’s coefficient of localisation and Centographic measures. 1938.Y. London. UK. ii) Thermo-hydrograph iii) Barometric chart. 11. References 1. Tokyo. 6. 1991. Inc. Hinks. Jon and Guptill.. Calcutta. R. First Edition. London.

Chicago. First Edition 1997. Snyder.: Elements of Practical Geography. R. . Stout. London. Singh. The University of Chicago Press. 49. First Edition.. in Geographical Review of India. Sarkar.. 20. L. Thirteenth Edi. J. 2. New Delhi. 18.: An introduction to the Study of Map Projections. The project report based on fieldwork (normally not exceeding a week and under the supervision of a teacher) should be well represented by suitable statistical techniques and cartographic methods. Vol. Continuing Evaluation Course – H UNIT – I: UNIT – II: Book Review Applied Geography Project Work (Marks: (Marks: 25) 75) (Total Marks: 100) For all Applied Geography Courses Project work containing at least 50 pages (including maps & diagrams) involving the application of any one of the topics of Applied Geography (Course – E and F) Syllabus.. John P. Kalyani Publishers. Kolkata. London.: Automation and Cartography. 1983: Some selected Map Projection for India – their relative efficiencies. 19. 21.. P.J. R. Penton Press.16 16. Vol.A. 1962. 4.: Flattening the Earth-Two thousand years of Map Projections. 43. No. Steers. First Ed. Ashis and Roy. K. University of London Press Ltd.. 1979. 17. 1994: Three-Dimensional Surface Topography. L. Geographical Review of India. Calcutta. No. W.. and Blunt. Tobler.

Rajat Publications. R.. Arthur C. S. 1983: Biogeography. Habitat and Plant-animal association. desert and mountain. Tyler Miller. G. Environment. Edward Arnold. . 1968: Vegetation and Soils. Inc. Jr. marine.. Ecosystem of forest.) 1971: World Vegetation types. S. St. Juliet. a world picture. and Gibson. J. References Aaradhana. James H. R.17 SEMESTER – III Total Marks: 400 Theory Course – I Group – A Full Marks: 50 (Total Marks: 200) (Total Marks: 100) Bio-Geography Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Content and development of Biogeography. Ecosystem rehabilitation and restoration. Misuse of the environment. Zoogeography and its environmental relationship.. UNIT – III: Patterns of diversity. Macmillan. J. Human impacts on ecosystems. Brodie. 1999: Ecology: Principles and Applications. P. Chapman. L. Practical ecology series. (Ed. Eyre. George Allen & Unwin Publishers Ltd. Second Edition. Environmental hazards. Louis. M.. Brown. USA. Deforestation and loss of Biodiversity. Depletion of bio-diversity through natural and man induced causes. Levels of environmental awareness. 1998: Himalayan Ecology. Wadsworth. 1985: Grassland studies. and Reiss. Second Edition. . Plant association and succession. Cambridge LowPrice Edition. The C. grassland. London. biome types. S.. London.. Eyre. 7th Edition.V.. California. Mosby Co. Soil-plant relationship. 1992: Living in the environment: an introduction to environmental science. Sustainability-diversity relationship. Delhi. Delhi. UNIT – II: Elements of plant geography. London.. UNIT – IV: Explanations of present-day plant distribution.

Dr. References . 1975: Plant Geography. B. Time and Life. Cambridge. identification of drought and flood prone areas in India. role of Jet Stream on Indian Monsoon. Industrial problems . K. H.Publishers. London. F. Junk.. Homji.. Green Revolution and White Revolution in India. distribution of rainfall and rainfall zones in India. 1987: Climate and Plant distribution. Environment. 1994: Biodiversity in India. Impact of liberalization. Dehra Dun. MacDonald. Cambridge University Press. Longman Group Ltd. Methuen & Co.II: Agricultural characteristics.. Meyen. F. Energy crises and conservation. R. ELBS. W. (Ed. 1846: The Geography of Plants.. Resource base of North Bengal: Physical.. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Edinburgh. Doon Photographic Printers. Second Edition.. M.. Tivy. Strain. G. Steven W. Group – B Full Marks: 50 Regional Geography of India Time: Two Hours UNIT . W. 1982: Introduction to plant population ecology. J. Greg. climatic regions and their characteristics.) 1974: Vegetation and Environment.. Pvt. industrial regions . The Hague. Forests and rainfall. London. 1981: Human impact on the Ecosystem. Ltd. Vol. Economic and Manpower. UNIT . Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.v.. Meher and Puri. Silvertown. and Billings.. 1972: Biogeography. I. Unit . analysis at multiple scales. Dabral.Biogeography. G. 2000: Forest Ecology.. . Joy and O’Hare. Floristic aspects. 1998: Forest Ecosystems. Woodward. Logos Press (1986). Unit . Academic Press. 2003:. V. London.. F.18 Gupta. Martin C. agrarian problems and Causes of low productivity. Robinson. Richard H. Rao. R. G. R. First Edition. England. conceptual framework in Geography. New Delhi. industrial development : historical perspective – development during Five year plans.. Jonathan W. b. USA. Kellman. Ltd. Introduction to Space. Major agro-climatic and agro-ecological regions of India. M. 3. Industrial policy . and Running..I: Genesis of Indian Monsoon.S. D.III: Production & Use of conventional and non-conventional sources of energy . Cambridge series in Ecology. New Delhi. B. R. India. Oliver & Boyd. Waring.IV: Micro-Regions: Case Study of North Bengal..

Centre for studies in Social Sciences: Problems of the economy and planning in West Bengal. Pergiter: The Sundarbans.. : Diagnostic survey of West Bengal.. : Manual of Geology of India (Vide O’Malley). New Delhi. P. Tata McGraw–Hill Publishing Company Ltd.. New Delhi. 1996: Agricultural land capability of West Bengal: Part – I : West Bengal. D. D. Memoir 22. National Book Trust. (Ed) 1882:Geology of the Himalayas. A. London. Today and Tomorrow’s Printers & Publishers.. R. (Forest Directorate Centenary Commemoration Volume) Hunter. S. and Raza.) – Urbanisation. Calcutta Third Edition. E. India. Spate. Sri Lanka. (Ed. W. Bangladesh. Deshpande. 1986. K. C. Delhi. Arun. R. New Delhi.. (Ed. Ghosh. New Delhi. D. 1989: West Bengal: Landscapes. K. L. E. P. Reprinted from ``The Himalayan Districts of the NWn provinces of India”.) 1971: India: A Regional Geography. New Delhi.) 1978: Tectonic geology of the Himalaya. Bagchi & Company. : Oxford University Press. (Ed. Bangalore. 1975: Geology of India. CBS Publishers & Distributors India. Dasgupta. T. Pakistan.) 1996: India Economic development and Social opportunity. Ma Sitala Composing Works. Mukherjee. Jean & Amartya Sen (ed. 1989: The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of India. Geological Survey of India. Pradip K. N. A Research Publication. Edwin H. First Edition. Avijit and Mukhopadhyay. Cambridge University Press. Cosmo Publications. R. Wadia. Calcutta. . National Geographical Society. Environment. Singh. Nepal. Second Revised Edition. Bagchi. Varanasi. 1982: Indian Economy: the Regional Dimension. 1980. – West Bengal : An Analytical Study. Bose. New Delhi. Reprinted in 1993. Moonis. Centre for Science & Environment (1988) State of India’s. Geological Survey of India. Calcutta.) 1970: West Bengal Firma K L Mukhopadhyay. India. London. 1992: India: a Regional Interpretation ICSSR & Northern Book Centre. K. of West Bengal – West Bengal Forests. (Ed.. Oldham. Trubner & Company. Spectrum Publishers. Robinson. (Ed. revised & Largely rewritten. Vaidyanadhan. S. B. F. A Travel Diary. Sixth Edition. Pascoe. Mirgration and rural change: A Study of West Bengal. Kt. Gupta.19 Atkinson. India.. : Statistical Accounts of Bengal. 1875. First Edition in India in 1973 by D. Nov. 1978: Geography of West Bengal. Chatterjee. London. Francis. 1982: Geology of India & Burma. C. C. N. New Delhi. Govt. 1983 – Feb.. Saklani. and Mukherjee. 1967: India & Pakistan Methuen. B.Vols. K. Publishing House. Krishnan. Fourth Edition. K. UK. B. OHK & ATA Learmonth. Part – II: The Ganga Delta. Calcutta. Bhutan & Maldives. Dreze. M. India. First Edition. W. S. & I.Feb. I – IV. New Delhi.. Kundu. Calcutta University. India. N..) 1991: Quaternary Deltas of India. First Edition. C. (Ed) 1959: A Manual of the Geology of India and Burma. 1983. A.

Human Development Index.. Daugherty. An Introduction to Population (Second Edition). 4.Metropolis. 6. Census of India.III: World Population & Development: Population Resource Region. Vol.1973. Bilasborrow. Kalyani Publishers. New York . New York . Richard E and Daniel. Determinants and Patterns. 14. No. Sources of Population data. 9. Bhattacharya A. Population Geography. Mortality: concepts. London. New York . UNIT . – Techniques of Population analysis. Development of Population Geography. Geography of Population: Concept. Orient Longman Ltd. 12. Population Policy. J. The Calcutta Review. Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe population. Agesex structure. Kenneth C. Kammeyir . Poverty. Rural-Urban composition. The Vedic People: Their History and Geography . 11. Garnier. – Population Geography of India.Hogan. .I: Population Geography: Scope of Population Geography. 1997..20 Course – J Group – A Full Marks: 50 (Total Marks: 100) Population Geography Time: Two Hours UNIT . measures & world pattern. Migration: causes. 1998. Crook. John I. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population.al. 1. R.1974. 5. New Delhi . UNIT . Longman. UNIT . Classical & Modern Theories in Population. Geography of Population . Literacy. 1970. Jones Emrys . III.II: Population Dynamics: Fertility. consequences and world pattern. 8. 13. Berclay George W. Population and Deforestation in the Humid Tropics.. Kanitkar Tara and Vende Asha – Studies in Population.1999. New Delhi . Rajesh. J. 7. Belgium .. 3. Population & Economic Development. Oxford . Economic activities. Principles in Demography. New York. concepts. 2000. Clarke. Vikas Publishing House. Bose. 1977. C. Pergmon Press. London. new Series. . Bogue. The Guilford Press. Helen Gin. 2000. 10. 1991.. – Human migration through the ages. measures & world pattern. India: A State Profile. Chandna.1969.. Ashish et. W. Kochhar. 15. Growth of population. Pergamon Press. Urbanisation. Bhattacharya A.IV: India’s Population: Population distribution & density. B. References 1. D. 2.: Population in India’s Development (1947-2000). John Wiley. Nigel. Principles of Population and Development.

Mitra. 2001. Longman. b) Contribution of French School. C. R. and M. UNDP: Human Development Report. I. B. c) Contribution of Russian School. d) Relevant. b) Medieval period: Dark Age in Geography. References . Woods. Asoka..VIII . UNIT . Srinivasan. I & II.IV: Explanation in Geography a) Philosophy. Heritage. 19. London 1979. Population Development Nexus in India: Challenges for the New Millenium. 24. Publications. I.II: Geography during the modern period (Since 18th Century) a) Contribution of German School. Group – B Full Marks: 50 Geographical Thoughts Time: Two Hours Unit . (Ed. 25. India’s Population. New Delhi 1998. Theories and Models in explanations in Geography. Mamoria. Population Geography. New Delhi . 18. Romans and Indians. Publishing Corporation. K. Liberal and Radical Geography.Oxford 2000. 1978. c) Humanistic Geography. 17.).. Sundaram K. K.21 16. Abhinar Publications . 22. Delhi 1986. 20. (ed. Srinivasan. b) Role of Laws. 23. and Sudesh Nangia. K.R. United Nations. Smith . 1981. Oxford University Press . 1977. 27.India’s Population Problem. 1966. Methods for Projections of Urban and Rural Populations. R. Age of Explorations and Travels. A prologue to Population Geography. d) Contribution of American School. New Delhi. 26. Vol. M. 1991. Premi. New York 1974. The determinants and consequencs of population trends. United nations Publication. Prentice Hall. e) Contribution of British School. Kitab Mahal. . Vol. Arab Geographical thoughts. 21. India’s Population: Heading Towards a Billion. Vlassoff. V. New Delhi .. Tata McGraw – Hill. b) Behavioural Geography. Unit . No. Population Analysis in Geography. UNIT – III: Recent Trends in Geography (Since 1950) a) Positivist spatial science view point and systems approach. Basic Demographic Techniques and Applications Sage publications.) – The ecology of man. Aspects of Quality and Control.I: Geography during the Ancient and Medieval period a) Ancient period: Contribution of Greeks. Methodology and Explanation in Geography. B. Zelinsky Wilbur.

. Human Geography. 31. David. Amedeo. Radical Geography: Alternative view points on Contemporary Social issues. R. J. 30. R. Cox.) 1994: The Art & Science of Geography Integrated Readings. James. Griffith. Johnston. Peter. 5. Smith.No.3. 28. 10.J. Peoples Publishing House.: Behavioural problems in Geography revisited. Gould. 1966: The Geography of Puranas. Peter. London.. & Colledge R. 25. Peter. Johnston. London. 13. Gould. Hamnett C. U. Abler. E... Taylor. Delhi. E. 1976. 23.A. 7. 1971: An Introduction to Scientific Reasoning in Geography.69. The makers of modern Geography. R. Adams. 3. Regional Geography: Theory and Practice. Geography towards general spatial systems approach. 18. Ed. 8. 29. 17. Roger. Practical Full Marks: 100 UNIT – I: Remote Sensing (Total Marks: 100) Course – K Time: Five Hours . Hutchinson University Library.S. Hartshorne. K. 1983: Philosophy and Human Geography. S. Fundamentals of Human Geography: A reader. Husain. 15. M. Annals of Association of American Geographers Vol. Geography: A modern synthesis. H. 6. Jones. P. R.. J.C. Geography its history and concepts. Methuen. P. Ambrose. 1959: Perspectives on Nature of Geography. William J. The Changing nature of Geography. Harvey. 9. Jensen. 1945: Geography and geographers: Anglo American Human Geography. 22. Rand McNally & Co. Johnston. 1988: The Future of Geography. Jaipur. Prentice Hall. New Delhi. M. (Ed): Geography.H. Prentice Hall of India. Douglas. Hagget. J. & Sarre P. J. Geography in the twentieth century.. N.. Ali. 1971: Spatial Organization: The Geographer’s View of the World. E. 1979. Explanation in Geography 19. R. Edward Arnold. London. R.. John S. yesterday and tomorrow. No. Rawat Publications. Blunden. 27. 16. 2. R. Majid. All possible world: A history of Geographical Ideas.61.. 1970: The Changing Nature of Geography. Hagget. Analytical Human Geography. 20.. 11.22 1. Dikshit.. Location and Behaviour: An Introduction to Human Geography. 12.. D. Hagget P. Hartshorne. Oct. 1984: Evolution of Geographical Thought. R. 21. 4. Richard. Minshull. Emrys. Brown. R. Cox. Ronald. Minshull. Human Geography: A Welfare approach . Peet. R: An introduction to Behavioural Geography 14. Dickinson. J. D. John Wiley. Locational analysis in Human Geography. (Ed. 24. 26. Roger. : Man. Coffey. A. New Zealand Journal of Geography . K.

Rachael A.. sequence and objectives. 2000: Principles of Geographical Information Systems. and Output generation. applications. Colour cube and Grey levels. and Microwave Remote Sensing. Storage. James B. First Edition. Natural landscape. type of air photograph and their application to situations. Corrections of Remotely sensed data. 5.. and their comparison with topographical maps. d) Data Inputs. Filtering and Enhancements. Oxford University Press. stereo-photography and its planning. digital numbers and brightness value. Cultural landscape: Settlements. Clarke. b) Simple geometry of air photograph. References 1. Spatial Information Systems and Geostatistics. measurement and corrections of relief and tilt displacement. c) Salient features. measurement of object height. . 2006: Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. 2. c) Identification of elements/features of natural and cultural landscape and mapping. 2006: Introduction to Remote Sensing. Varification. Keith C. agricultural and nonagricultural pattern. Taylor & Francis. ii. Noida. d) Elements of Digital and Visual Image Interpretation for Mapping and databasecum-information extraction. transportation. area and scale. Kang-tsung. UNIT – II: GIS a) The components of a Geographical Information Systems (GIS). London. photo-mosaics. Interaction of EMR with earth surface features. Tata McGraw-Hill Edition. b) Data Models. Prentice Hall. India 3. orthophotos. Spectral Regions. New Jersey. Fourth Edition. Geomorphic features and Vegetation. Second Edition. elements of subject identification. 4. UNIT – III: Aerial Photo interpretation a) Development of air photo techniques: Application of air photo techniques in geography. 1999: Getting Started with Geographic Information Systems. i. Thermal and Infrared. Burrough. Electromagnetic Radiation Principles. Bonham-Carter. 1994: Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists: Modelling with GIS.. New Delhi. Delhi. DEM and DTM. e) Applications of GIS as a tool for DSS. Pergamon. Bands. Chang. Ontario. c) Geographical data in the Computer. stereoscopic measurement of terrain elevation by using parallax bar. Peter A. Campbell. characteristics and applications of – Multispectral and Hyperspectral.. and McDonnell. b) Spectral Regions. Graeme F.23 a) Remote Sensing of the Environment. Prentice Hall Series in Geographic Information Science. Third Edition.

Goodchild. L. Paul A. William J. New Jersey. Gonzalez. John Wiley & Sons. Verbyla. Second Edition. Lyon. Inc. 1996: Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective. 11.. Low Price Edition. John R. Editor-in-Chief. Sarah. 17... Keith C. Mapping Sciences Series.). K. Delhi. Allan (Ed. and Chipman. Inc. Hyderabad. 2000: Remote Sensing of the Environment: An Earth Resource Perspective. Hyderabad. Lewis Publishers. New Jersey. W. Second Edition. Kiefer.. K. England. Leach. Edgar. U. Colwell. A WileyInterscience Publication. Michael.S. Inc. C. John G. India. 2002: Digital: Principles and Applications. Hord. Lewis Publishers. Lyon. 2004: Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems. 8. Jonathan W. Pearson Education. Series Editor. 16. 14. Second Edition. 21. Ltd. Longmans. American Society of Photogrammetry. and Blunt. Environmental Resources Management. Third Edition. D. 1999: Remote Sensing and its Applications. New Delhi. A. 1997: Remote Sensing: Principles and Interpretation. John Wiley & Sons. New York. LRA. Lewis Publishers. Cornelius. Delhi. Enschede.. New York. Rafael C. 1992: Digital Cartography. The Netherlands.. John Wiley & Sons. Kraak. 2000: Three-Dimensional Surface Topography. 2001: Geographic Information Systems and Science.. Richard E. Ralph W. Thomas M. Distributed by: Orient Longman Limited. K. New York. Clarke (Series Advisor) Prentice Hall. 12. Menno-Jan and Brown.. . Mapping Sciences Series. Albert Paul. R.. Washington. India. 1960: Manual of Photographic Interpretation. Narayan. David L. Inc. Ian. and Malvino. 23. 25. Delhi. Heywood. 2007: Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation... Mapping Sciences Series. David J. 22. Srinivasa. 18. 2001: Aerial Mapping: Methods and Applications. Division of Geoinformatics. Third Edition. London.. New Delhi. Lillesand. Donald P.. Pearson Education.. 2002: Digital Image Processing. 2006: An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems. Michael F.. Carver. 1986: Remote Sensing: Methods and Applications. Hart.. 1994: Applications to Industrial Facilities. Maguire. 24. Stout. Cartography and Visualisation. Editor-in-Chief. 10. John G. Prentice-Hall Series in Geographic Information Science. Army Crops of Engineers.. Steve and Raju. Rampal. Falkner. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited Edition. and Rhind David W. DeMers. Floyd F. J. Jensen.24 6. New York 13. Keith C. Concept Publishing Company. Freeman and Company.. Robert N. ITC.. 19. John Wiley & Sons. 1995: Satellite Remote Sensing of Natural Resources. Longley. John G. New York. Clarke (Series Advisor) Pearson Education. Low Price Edition. London. 20. Sabins. Prentice-Hall Series in Geographic Information Science. Douglas. Penton Press. John R. Jensen. Michael N. (Ed. London. H. 15. 7. Prentice Hall.C. Robert G. 1948: Air Photography Applied to Surveying. Sixth Edition. Lyon. Universities Press. Cromley. Series Editor. Inc. 1999: Handbook of Aerial Photography and Interpretation. 9.. New York.. Inc. New York. 2001: Web Cartography: Developments and prospects. Second Edition. and Woods. Taylor & Francis. Editor-in-Chief. Series Editor. Fifth Edition...).

Editor-in-Chief. John Wiley & Sons. Inc... Ardeshir. 46. Inc. Editor-in-Chief. John Wiley & Sons. New York. New York. Inc. Mather. 31.). Brian McGrath (Ed.. John G. 36.: 2006: Introduction To The Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing. 41. 29. 2008: Business Site Selection. Peter M. Gourmelon. Location Analysis and GIS. Giles. New York.25 26. New York. 28. New York.. Richard L. Second Edition. van Zyl. 1991: Computer Applications in Geography. Inc. Victor. John Wiley & Sons. 3rd Edition. Inc. New York. 2005: Sensing the 21st Century City: The Net City Close-up and Remote. 30.. Tate (Ed. Peter M.. 1993: Practical Handbook for Wetland Identification and Delineation. New York. 32. John Wiley & Sons. Atkinson (Ed. 2008: Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing. David. New York. 27. David A. New York. New York.. New York. Inc. Volume 4. Mather.. F. 40. John Wiley & Sons. and Alan T.. New York. Nicholas J. John Wiley & Sons.. John G. 1995: Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing.. Ohio State University.. New York. 2004: Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed Images: An Introduction. Ohio State University. Inc. New York. Lyon.. Grahame Shane.). M. Inc.. New York. Paul M. Remote Sensing for Natural Resource Management and Environmental Monitoring. Landgrebe. Paul M. John Wiley & Sons. New York. 39.. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. 33. 2008: GIS and Littoral. 2004: Manual of Remote Sensing.. Joseph K.. John. 1995: Wetland and Environmental Engineering Applications of GIS.. 44. Inc. John Wiley & Sons.). 2003: Signal Theory Methods in Multispectral Remote Sensing.Shunlin. Remote Sensing. John Wiley & Sons. Stillwell. Berry. John Wiley & Sons. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. 3rd Edition. New York. 43. and Industrial Applications. Mark and Stephen E. Liang . 1997: Artificial Intelligence in Geography. John Wiley & Sons. 2004: Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed Images: An Introduction. New York. New York. and Issues in GIS. Algorithms. 42... John G. Inc. Ustin. Series Editor. Mapping Sciences Series. Jakob J. Lewis Publishers. Atkinson. Mather. Danson. Elachi. Lewis Publishers. 2005: 2-D and 3-D Image Registration: for Medical. Foody.). Charles.. New York. Lyon. Lyon. New York.. 2003: Quantitative Remote Sensing of Land Surfaces. 3rd Edition. Church. . 38. 2003: Applied GIS and Spatial Analysis. Inc. John Wiley & Sons. 1999: Advances in Remote Sensing and GIS Analysis. Inc. Paul M. 2003: Uncertainty in Remote Sensing and GIS. Inc. Plummer (Ed.). 34. Goshtasby. 35. Inc. Francoise and Marc Robin. John Wiley & Sons. 37. 2004: Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed Images: An Introduction. A.. Lyon. Inc.. Openshaw. John Wiley & Sons. Stan and Christine Openshaw. 3rd Edition. Inc. Mesev. John Wiley & Sons. John and Graham Clarke (Ed. Series Editor. Paul M. Susan.. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Mapping Sciences Series. 45. 1996: Beyond Mapping: Concepts. Murray. Mather.

and Steven J. 2003: The Design and Implementation of Geographic Information Systems. 49. 2001: Exploring Geographic Information Systems. 1997: Elements of Photogrammetry. Harmon. 2nd Edition.26 47.. New York. 48. McGraw-Hill. Wolf. John Wiley & Sons. Second Edition. John E. Chrisman. John Wiley & Sons. Paul R. India. Anderson. Continuing Evaluation Course – L UNIT – I: UNIT – II: UNIT – III: UNIT – IV: Seminar Tutorial Group Discussion Comprehensive Viva (Marks: (Marks: (Marks: (Marks: 25) 25) 25) 25) (Total Marks: 100) .. Delhi. Inc.. Nicholas. Inc. New York.

Properties of Soil colloids. f) Soil Aggregates. j) Soil Shrinkage & Fissuring. c) Soil Colour. c) Buffering of Soils. g) Soil Colloids: Nature and Practical Significance: i. c) Soil forming processes. UNIT – III: Chemical properties of Soils a) Soil Reaction: Acidity and Alkalinity: b) Sources of Hydrogen and Hydroxide Ions. UNIT – II: Physical and Mechanical Properties of Soils a) Soil Texture. b) Soil Structure. h) Soil Compaction. b) Soil formers and factors of Soil formation. g) Soil Consistance. i) Soil Swelling & Dispersion. d) Soil Air and Soil Temperature. e) Soil Pore-spaces and Soil Density. . d) Soil Profile development under different Climatic conditions.27 SEMESTER – IV Total Marks: 400 Theory Course – M (Total Marks: 200) (Total Marks: 100) Special Course Group – A Full Marks: 50 Special Course Time: Two Hours Applied Pedology UNIT – I: Pedogenesis a) Processes of Weathering. d) Changes in Soil pH e) Nutritional significance of Soil pH f) Characteristics and Management of Saline and Sodic Soils.

g) Regulation of Soil Organic Matter. d) Salinization & alkalinization of soils. b) Soil Mapping Units. d) Some Classical Genetic Soil Classifications. d) Humus – Genesis and Nature. c) Soil changes within Catenas. b) Catenary differentiation. e) Catenas and time. d) The drainage basin in Land Evaluation. pH-dependable charges. UNIT – II: The Catena Concept a) The Catena and the Processes of erosion. c) Man’s interference with Pedo-geomorphic system. h) Classification of Organic Soils. e) New Comprehensive Soil Classification Systems: Soil Taxonomy. b) Factors affecting Soil Organic Matter.28 ii. b) Methods for assessing soil degradation. c) Evolution of Soil Classification Systems. f) Carbon-Nitrogen Ratio and its significance. iii. b) The structure of the system. c) The Carbon Cycle. . e) Influence of Soil Organic Matter and Soil Properties. d) Catenas in different climates. e) Integrated Basin Planning and Eco-system studies UNIT – IV: Methodology for Assessing Land & Soil Degradation a) Methods for assessing land degradation. Types of Soil colloids. UNIT – IV: Soil Organic Matter a) Sources of Soil Organic Matter. UNIT – III: Pedo-geomorphology in Environmental Management a) Pedo-geomorphic relation within a drainage basin. c) Desertification and degradation. Group – B Special Course Applied Pedology Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Techniques of Soil Survey and Soil Classifications a) Procedures of Soil Survey.

A Special Course Practical Applied Pedology . e) Radionuclides in Soil. UNIT – IV: Soil Resources in India a) Classification of Indian Soil. b) Effects of Pesticides on Soil Organisms c) Soils as Organic Waste Disposal Sites. c) Potassium. Practical Course – O (Total Marks: 100) (Total Marks: 100) Group . b) Phosphorus. UNIT – II: Soils and the World’s Food Supply a) Population explosion. e) Problems and the opportunities in the Tropics. c) Agricultural potential of India’s soil. c) World’s Soil Resources. f) Requisite for the future. b) Factors affecting World’s Food Supplies. b) Taxonomic soil classes. UNIT – III: Soil Fertility a) Nitrogen.29 Course – N Group – A Full Marks: 50 (Total Marks: 100) Special Course Time: Two Hours Applied Pedology UNIT – I: Soil Pollution a) Reactions of Pesticides in Soils. g) Fertilizer Contamination of Water. d) Potential of broad soil groups. d) Acid Rain. f) Soils and the Greenhouse Effect. d) Micronutrients.

. McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc. Bridges. O.L. Berlin.P.1 4. Soil specific gravity iii.L. and Donahue. Butler.M. Peter W. 1967: The Geography of Soil. 7. . f) Munsell colour analysis. M. Second Edition.. M. Tech..D. Monograph No. 1968: Soil-Plant Relationships. Birkeland. H. Canada. Soil Survey England & Wales. e) Mechanical Analysis (Robinson’s method). : Principles and application of soil Geography. USA. McNeal. D. Second Edition. New York. 2001: The Nature and Properties of Soils. London UK. Tenth Edition. Advanced Series in Agricultural Sciences 10. Bresler. New Delhi. SpringerVerlag.K. New York. 8. Bradley. Arakeri. Toronto. J.. 9. Mackuey. W. Hutchinson University Library... Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. New York. Roy. h) Soil pH (Kuhn’s Colourimetric method).. & D. New Delhi. Van Nostrand Company. 1984: Principles of Soil Conservation and Water Management. i) Kit Box analysis (N. 11. Bibby. London. U. Germany. Oxford University Press.. Soil porosity iv.. Davidson. 10. Brian T. 1964: Conserving Soil.. Keen Raczkowski measurement: i. E. B. 1964: Clays and Clay minerals. Laboratory Analysis of Soil Properties. Harpenden. 5. Black. Volume expansion v. Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. F.. First Edition. 6. Inc. India. USA.). and pH). Hugh Hammond. 1969: Land use Capability Classification. Measurement of Hygroscopic moisture. First Edition. & D. Bennett. j) Techniques and procedures of Pedo-Environmental mapping with the help of RS and GIS References 1. 2. John Wiley & Sons. First Edition. 1939: Soil Conservation. R. 3. India. India. and Carter. Nyle C. 19 & 29.A. C.K. E.30 Full Marks: 50 a) b) c) d) Time: Three Hours Methods of Soil sampling and preparation of soil samples. Third Edition. 1999: Soils and Geomorphology. g) Determination of Organic Matter and Organic Carbon (Walkley & Black’s Rapid Titration method). Water holding capacity. Bunting.. D.. Brady. 1982: Saline and Sodic Soils: Principles & Dynamics –Modelling. New Delhi. Pergamon Press. Monograph No. Soil density ii. USA. (Ed. A. UK. S. Ltd. Inc.. Prentice-Hall of India Private Ltd..

London. Klingebiel. South Africa. soil conservation service. I. Hudson. New Jersey. 18. First Edition.. EastWest Student Edition. First Edition. Longman Group Limited. USA. 1986: Manual of Soil Laboratory Testing. 33. Prentice-Hall of India. New Burnswick. 34. Ltd. Oxford Book Company. First Edition. 32. USDA. ELBS Low Price Edition. 1941: Factors of Soil Formation: A system of Quantitative Pedology. Donahue. John. New York. 2000: Fundamentals of Soils. Philippe. ELBS and Crosby Lockwood Staples. UK. Inc. 1981: Soils and Landforms: An integration of Geomorphology and Pedology. 1971: The study of soil in the field. 28. New York. Vegetation. Jacob S. 1967: Soil Chemical Analysis. 1965.. ELBS First Edition. 13.. Gerrard. Fourth Edition. 29.. Ltd. New York. Malherbe. H. UK. Roy L. Second Edition. FAO. 22.31 12. New Delhi. Catt. Jenny. 31. First Edition. 1963: Soil Fertility. George Allen & Unwin. and Knapp. Henry D. G. UK. 15. First Edition. Cooke. Handbook of Pedology: Soils. USA. E.. Ernest Benn Limited. Pvt. McGrawHill Book Co. A. Head. A. 20. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. UK... Boston. 11. 35. Norman. 1967: The control of Soil Fertility. John Wiley & Sons. Duchaufour. Hans. New York. New York. De V. 1983: Soils: their formation. Second Edition. Jumikis. Oxford University Press.. UK. 1953: The ABC of Soils. revised. J. George Allen & Unwin. USA. New York. A. 23. First Edition. Routledge. & P. Routledge Fundamentals of Physical Geography Series. London. 30. Oxford University Press. 1971: The Chemistry and Physics of clays and allied ceramic materials.. UK. London. 1949: Pedology. UK. London. M. Fenwick. Handbook-210. Fifth Eng.T. First Edition.. 24. B. Oxford University Press. Joffe. Agri. New Delhi. 16. Process and Response. Jackson. Clarke. A. D. Pvt. 1986: Soils and Quaternary Geology: A Handbook for Field Scientists. Jacob S. Montgomery. Rex W. Vol. 1974: Approaches to Land Classification Soil Bulletin. FAO.. Foth. 1976: A Framework for Land Evaluation. 1982: Soils. Cape Town. 1961: Land-capability classification. UK. No. Edition. B.. 26. Monographs on Soil and Resource Surveys... 14. 1958: Soils: An introduction to Soils and Plant growth. Bouton. and distribution. Rome. Batsford Ltd. M. 27... Inc. Edition. Edition.. UK. USA. Prentice-Hall Inc.. Fifth Edition.. Great Britain. Gerald Duckworth & Co. . First Indian Edition. Second Edition. classification.L. Inc. Second Edition. Pedology Publications. 1971: Soil Conservation. London. First Edition. 1979: Soil Mechanics. 1965. UK. 25. London. 22. R. H. Craig. FAO Soils Bulletin-32 21. W. 17. Duchaufour.. Van Nostrand Co. 19. K. I-III. FitzPatrick. 1982: Pedology: Pedogenesis and Classification.J. Gerrard. 1998. Grimshaw. 1984: Fundamentals of Soil Science. Seventh Edition. Pentech Press. First Edition. Ltd. R. First Eng.. London. New Delhi. 1962: Soil Mechanics.. A. J.. F. Alfreds R. Joffe. Philippe. G. First Eng..

New York. F. Hand book-18. Morgan. Blackwell Scientific Publication. 1995: Soil Erosion and Conservation. 1972: Sand and Sandstone.. Cambridge Low Price Edition. D.. and Tinker. 49. 1986: Cycles of Soil: Carbon. Springer. New Delhi.. C. Alan.. and Khan. 41. London. O. New Delhi. 44. J.. 47. 51. Frederick R. C. The Netherlands. Calcutta. R.. John Wiley & Sons Inc. First Edition. 1934: A Handbook of Soil Analysis: Physical and Chemical Methods.. 45. Hand book No. Stevenson. 436. C. Agri. Piper.Verlag. Second Edition. USDA.. Pvt. India.. Cambridge University Press. An introduction.. First Indian Edition. First Edition. New Delhi. 1968: Diagnosis and improvement of Saline and Alkaline Soils US Salinity Laboratory Staff. USDA.32 36... USDA. (Ed. Micronutrients. First Edition. C. Wild. Thompson. and Troeh. First Edition. New York. First Edition.. Springer-Verlag. USA. D. N. Agri. 1964: The physics. Marshall. 48. 52. Soil Survey Staff.C. Soil Conservation Service. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. USA. P. First Edition. Amsterdam. First Edition. Development in Soil Science 8. Townsend. Schnitzer. S. F. 1986: Acid deposition and the acidification of Soils and Waters. S. Phosphorus. 59. 39. S. Co. Printing Office. 37. B. Handbook No. First Edition. W. 1988: Physical Chemistry. UK. 53. Paol Edwin and Siever Raymond. New York. Revised Fifth Edition. Rakshit. Oxford & IBH Pub.. a basic System of Soil Classification for making and Interpretation soil Survey USDA. E. McGraw-Hill Book Company. 38. 1951: Soil Survey Hand Book USDA. Sulfur. The University of Adelaide. P. V. New York. J. Logos Press. Washington D. 1993: Soils and the environment. Chemistry & mineralogy of Soils. J. Prentice-Hall of India (Pvt. C. 1978: Soil Organic Matter. USDA. 1992: Soil Chemistry. Vol. 1977: Solute movement in the Soil-root system.. 43. I & II. 1973: Soils and Soil Fertility. Edmund. US Govt.. Cambridge. and Johnson. USA. Louis M. Potter. Hand Book-4936.. First Edition. Malaysia. Agri. H. John Wiley & Sons. Reuss. 1963: Physical properties of Soils. 54.. P. Wright.. 1975: Soil Taxonomy.). Nye. 1973: An interdiction to the Scientific study of Soils. First Edition..) Ltd. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co. Course – M (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Cartography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours . J. Vol. Third Edition. U. 1996. Longman Group Limited. Soil Survey Staff. 1942: Soil and Plant analysis: A Laboratory Manual of Methods for the Examination of the Inorganic constituents of Plants. UK. 42. First Edition. 40. Ltd. Means. Australia. London. R. Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd. New Delhi.. Ag. 50. Pettijohn. Harold. 60. P. 1975: Soil Taxonomy: A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys Soil Survey Staff. Orlov. Sarat Book House. First Edition. and Parcher. New York. W. Nitrogen. 46. M.

I: Fundamentals of Cartography a) Scope. Satellite stations. UNIT .33 UNIT . distance and reduced levels by Tachometric Surveying. Stereographic and Orthographic and calculation of distance. azimuth and area on the Earth’s Surface. e) Calculation of distance. and determination of reduced level of a place.IV: Instruments a) Clinometer b) Abney’s level. c) Application of spherical trigonometry in polar zenithal cases of map projections – Gnomonic. Group – B Special Course Cartography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT . Spherical Excess. UNIT . azimuth and scale variations. content and history of Cartography.III: Surveying with Theodolite and Levels a) Theodolite Traversing (Omitted Measurements).II: Spherical Trigonometry a) Fundamental Principles of spherical triangle. UNIT . d) Modified International Projections. d) Box Sextant. Base line measurement and corrections. b) Conical Equal Area with two standard parallels. corrections for curvature and refraction of Reciprocal Surveying. b) Principles and methods of Triangulation Surveying. c) Polyconic Projection. . b) Sources of Cartographic Information and data. azimuth and scale variations. UNIT – II: Conical Projections a) Conical Orthomorphic with two standard parallels. Determination of coordinates and area from the data.III: Cylindrical projections a) Cylindrical Equal Area Projection with two standard parallels. c) Application for determination of distance. b) Classification of map projection and different properties.I: Fundamentals of Map Projections a) Scale and choice of map projections. b) Napier’s Rule of circular parts. c) Determination of heights. UNIT . c) Planimeter. c) Cartographic techniques and methods in the preparation of cartograms. d) Principles.

c) Cassini’s Projection. Visual interpretation of air photographs. c) Basic information of Aerial photography. c) Data acquisition and data products. Data Entry. h) Preparation of maps from air photographs. azimuth and scale variations. Display & Product creation 6. UNIT . e) Elements of air photo interpretations. Emerging Trends in GIS UNIT – IV: Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS in different Geographical Studies .III: Geographic Information Systems 1. i) Difference between maps and air photos UNIT – II: Remote Sensing a) Definition. f) Air photo mosaics. d) Manual Methods of Image Interpretation e) Digital Image Processing.I: Air Photographs a) Definition. UNIT – IV: Conventional Projections a) Mollweide’s Projection (Normal case) b) Parabolic Projection (Normal and Oblique cases) c) Calculation of distance and azimuth and scale variations. Components & Structure of GIS 3. Platforms and Scanners. scope and Basics of Remote Sensing. Manipulation & Analysis 5.34 b) Mercator’s Projection. scope and history of Aerial photography. Different corrections in Aerial photography. Editing & Validation 4. rectification and enhancement . d) Calculation of distance. g) Merits and demerits of air photo mosaics. Determination of scale of aerial photograph. Geographic Information System : definition 2. Course – N (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Cartography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT . i. d) Geometry of Aerial Photographs. f) Image classifications. b) Satellites. b) Fundamentals of photography.

– Map Projection. Kellaway. c) Determination of reduced level of a place by Reciprocal survey by Dumpy level. J. UNIT .35 a) Water resource b) Urban & Rural Planning c) Agriculture Resource d) Forest Management. 1988.A Special Course Practical Cartography Time: Three Hours Full Marks: 50 UNIT . – Surveying and leveling Part I & II. – An introduction to the Study of Map Projection. A. E. E. Lieder. P. Raisz. Higgings. K. W. R. – Fundamentals of Cartography. Raisz. R. A. References Deetz. Adams O. Tobler. H. P. – Map Projection. b) Base line corrections with the help of triangulation survey with Theodolite. S. Kumar. V. Steer. D. A. –A classification of Map Projection. – Higher surveying.I: Surveying a) Determination of area by traversing with Theodolite. d) Determination of difference in heights by Tacheometric surveying with Theodolite.II: Map Projections a) Conical projection with two standard parallels. – Aerial Photography. A. – An analytical Study of Map Projection. – Elements of Map projection. – Elements of Cartography. G. Hanks. R. D. Mailing. Practical Course – O (Total Marks: 100) (Total Marks: 100) Group . R. Gupta. S. Robinson. T. P. G. b) Mercator’s projection (Normal Case) c) Mollweide's Projection (Normal Case) . Roy. L. C. Kanetkar. – Principles of Cartography. & Konkani S. Misra. – Aerial Photo Interpretation – Principles theories and application. R. G. – Planning Natural Resources. H. – General Cartography. – Map Projections 1st Indian edition 1974. 2nd Edition 1942.

b) Digital Image processing. – A classification of Map Projection. – An analytical Study of Map Projection. – Fundamentals of Cartography. S. – Elements of Map projection. – Elements of Cartography. – Map Projection. – Map Projection. – Planning Natural Resources. R. – An introduction to the Study of Map Projection.IV: Interpretation of Satellite Imagery and Application of GIS a) Visual interpretation of satellite imagery. – Principles of Cartography. – General Cartography. UNIT . b) Forces acting in channels. H. P. E. – Aerial Photography. Robinson. Roy. K. S. D. & Konkani S. Course – M (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Fluvial Geomorphology Full Marks: 50 UNIT – I: Fundamentals of river hydraulics and mechanics a) Fluid mechanics. 2nd Edition 1942. P. Kumar. References Deetz. Hanks. E. d) Velocity and its distribution. L.III: Air photo Interpretation a) Calculation of Scale and number of photographs. A. Raisz. G. Tobler. Kellaway. Steer. J. V. Gupta.36 d) Parabolic Projection (Normal Case) UNIT . d) Preparation of mosaics from air photos. A. c) Application of GIS in Thematic Maps. e) Measurement of velocity and discharge. – Surveying and leveling Part I & II. – Higher surveying. c) Factors controlling flow velocity. R. – Aerial Photo Interpretation – Principles theories and application. 1988. – Map Projections 1st Indian edition 1974. f) Types of stream flow. R. Lieder. Time: Two Hours . A. b) Identification of objects from air photo. C. Misra. H. R. Mailing. Raisz. A. c) Visual interpretation of air photographs. P. D. R. Kanetkar. T. Adams O. G. W. G. Higgings.

b) Braided channel. f) Computation of Sediment Load. and Capacity of a Stream. UNIT .IV: Channel pattern a) Straight channel. c) Areal Aspects of the basin. d) Relief aspects of the basin UNIT . b) Linear Aspects of the basin. d) The Debris load of rivers.II: Channel Forms and Processes of Indian Rivers a) Bhagirathi-Hooghly. b) Tista.37 UNIT – II: Hydraulic Geometry a) Shape of the channel. e) The nature of Fluid Force and its relation to Debris Movement. UNIT – III: Drainage Basin as a Fundamental Geomorphic Unit a) Morphometric units. c) Variation of Hydraulic Characteristics in a Downstream Direction. b) Flood problems of West Bengal and their remedies with special reference to North Bengal. b) Energy Losses in Stream flow. UNIT – IV: Channel Behaviour a) Behaviour of Tidal channels and their associated problems of maintenance in South Bengal. Group – B Special Course Fluvial Geomorphology Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Major Changes of River Courses in Bengal during historical period a) Tista. c) Bhagirathi-Hooghly. d) River Metamorphosis in Sub-Himalayan West Bengal: Causes and Effects. b) Variation of Hydraulic Characteristics at a given Cross Section.III: Transportation of the sediment load a) Competancy. d) Longitudinal profile of the river Channel. UNIT . b) Damodar. c) Meandering channel. c) Loss of Transporting ability. .

c) Effect of Embankments. d) Flood Control and Stream flow routing. b) Effect of Reservoir. UNIT .III: Channel behavior under human influence (with Indian example) a) Effect of Dam. UNIT . d) Narmada. Practical Course – O (Total Marks: 100) (Total Marks: 100) Group .A Special Course Practical Fluvial Geomorphology Time: Three Hours Full Marks: 50 . e) National Water Grid.38 d) e) Meandering valleys. UNIT – IV: Remote Sensing and GIS applications to the Fluvial Environment. The configuration of Floodplain channels.II: National Policy of Water Resource Development a) Hydrological regions. Course – N (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Fluvial Geomorphology Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT . b) Brahmaputra. c) Mahanadi. b) Irrigation and Water power. c) Inter-Basin Water transfer.I: Evolution of drainage Patterns and their Geomorphic Characteristics of some Indian Rivers a) Ganga. d) Hydrological effects of urbanisation.

. Ltd. London. Geomorphological mapping. Bagchi. Ven Te. (Ed. 5. Chichester. Use of Hydrological instruments. 7. and Jones.: Major changes of the river courses in West Bengal.C. 1969: Water. UK.2. Cuchlaine A. New Delhi. 18. New York. New York.. USA. North Bengal University Review (Science & Technology). John Wiley & Sons. The Macmillan Press Ltd.: The Bhagirathi-Hooghly Basin. Indian Journal of River Valley Development. 1977: River Channel Changes.1971: Numerical analysis in Geomorphology: An introduction. Arnold Publishers. 13. 1988: Erosion and Sedimentation. First Edition.. 17 No.. New York. First Edition. S. K. River Flood Hydrology. David. Eagleson. J. Oxford. 1978: Hillslope Hydrology.. H. Doornkamp. R. G. 3. G. 1998: Fluvial forms and processes: A new perspective.. (Editor-in-Chief). 6. UK. Gregory.. 16..M. UK. J. (Ed. 1966.. 2. First Edition. 1970: Rivers and River Terraces. Peter S..). D. Oxford University Press. St. Basu. Knighton. Methuen and Company Ltd. Second Edition. 14. Cambridge University Press. R. Heinemann Educational Book Ltd. Kirkby.39 Quantitative and qualitative geomorphic analysis of a selected drainage basin: a) b) c) d) e) Morphometric analysis of drainage basin. Embleton. 1981: Some consideration on the process of sedimentation in Hooghly tidal channel. London. Dury. New York. 10. First Edition. UK. Robert R. 1978: Geomorphology: Present problems and future prospects. Martin’s Press. ICE. 17. UK. Chow. USA. Chorley. 1966: Essays in Geomorphology.: On some aspects of fluvial dynamics of river Bhagirathi. Chichester. John C. Earth and Man: A synthesis of Hydrology. John Wiley & Sons. D. Compton. H. (Ed. R.K. H. (Ed. Clifford.. Julien. McGraw–Hill Book Company. USA. C. M. 11. S. USA. First Edition..). Pierre Y. (Ed.). First Edition. Wiley Eastern Pvt. 15. 1964: Handbook of Applied Hydrology: A Compendium of Water-resources Technology. London. Edinburgh. K.. UK. 1970: Dynamic Hydrology. Richard J.. McGraw-Hill Book Company.. UK. and King. First Edition. References 1. Dury. Univariate & Bi-variate analysis. Fluvio-Geomorphological mapping with the help of RS and GIS techniques. 8. UK. Macmillan. .. Basu.).. 1974: The Work of the River: A critical study of the central aspects of Geomorphogeny. 12. Crickmay. Basu.). S. London. 4. Vol. Cornwall. 1965: Manual of Field Geology.). Cambridge. Burnsden. Geomorphology and Socio-economic Geography. 11. 9. Observer. (Ed. Institute of Civil Engineering.

Keith. First Edition. K. Keith. McGrew-Hill Civil Engineering Series. Slaymaker. (Ed. Inc. S. UK. USA.... 30. J. (Ed. 24.. Ward. USA. Newson. and Barrow. Roy. London. Inc. UK. (Ed. Ray K. M. First Edition. Oxford. 1979: Earth Surface Sediment Transport: Contemporary problems in Geography. USA. 23. M. Gordon and Miller. New York. 1949: Applied Hydrology. Geomorphology Texts. Wolman. London. L. (Ed. A WileyInterscience Publications. 1981: Fluvial Geomorphology. First Edition. 37. Ian.. New Delhi. Chichester. N. 1978: Floods: A geographical perspective. New York. First Edition. UK. A. UK. Ltd. McGraw-Hill. Marie. Ltd. S. Stanley Alfred.. The Macmillan Press Ltd.. K. Oxford University Press. Course – M (Total Marks: 100) . New York.. England. 34. First Edition. Rao.. Oxford. Malcolm. Schumm. Roy. Paul. USA. Saha. Stanley Alfred and Mosley. 1973: Slope Morphology. Inc. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York. Morisawa. Earth and Planetary Science Series. Olav. Luna B. 25. David Ingle and Stopp. First Edition. Morisawa. Oliver & Boyd. 31. 1985: Rivers: Form and Process. Hutchinson & Ross. 1998: Floods: Physical processes and Human Impacts. H.. Maidment.). 36. John Wiley & Sons. C.. 29. Edinburgh. and Paulhus & Joseph. Ltd. Leopold. K. Max A. New Delhi. Linsley Jr. Peter. First Indian Reprint. Marie. 1967: Principles of Hydrology: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.).. Orient Longman Limited.40 19. R. UK. USA. 39.. McGrew-Hill Book Company. USA. Cambridge University Press. 22. L. Pennsylvania. Richards. 1987: River Channels: Environment & Process. 26. Christopher. John Wiley & Sons. New York. John Wiley & Sons. First Edition. 1970: Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology..).. Chand and Company Ltd. 1982: Rivers: Form and Processes in Alluvial Channels. Smith. 2000: Geomorphology. Cambridge. Oxford University Press. UK. 1986: Applied Hydrology. UK. New York. New Delhi. human activity and global environment. First Edition. 1977: The Fluvial System. 38. Benchmark Papers in Geology. First Edition.. 1972: Slopes.. Keith and Ward.). UK. David R. Richards. (Editor-in-Chief) 1993: Handbook of Hydrology. Morisawa... England. Ward. Marie.. First Edition. Uses and Projections. 1968: Streams: their dynamics and morphology. Methuen & Company Ltd. First Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. London. 1979: India’s Water Wealth: Its Assessment. Longman Group Ltd. India. Schumm. Smith. Dowden. USA. New York. 27. Revised Edition. Statham. 21. Mutreja. 35. First Edition. 1978: The River Basin: An introduction to the study of hydrology. Basil Blackwell.). Kohler.. UK. 33. 32. Geomorphology Text 3. Chichester. 1981: River basin planning: Theory and Practice. 20. John P. Focal problems in Geography. First Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Young. First Edition. George Allen and Unwin. (Ed. 1994: Hydrology and the Environment. 28. First Edition.

History of Census – World with special reference to India. laws. Human resource development planning in India Course – N (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Population Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Population trends in Developed and Developing countries of the world. UNIT – IV: Population problems and policies in India. Mortality and Migration in India. factors affecting fertility. UNIT – IV: Migration: Definition. UNIT – III: Social Characteristics of Population in India. Concepts. Urbanisation: concepts. UNIT – II: Population Theories. Environment and Development-combating poverty and implementing sustainability. measures. Components of Population Changes: Fertility. UNIT – II: Fertility. Rural & Urban Population in India. measures. Population Resources: Optimum. UNIT – IV: Human resource development Group – B Special Course Population Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Distribution and Trends of Population in India. Population consumption and threatened resources. Over and Under Population. causes and consequences. UNIT – III: Mortality. migration pattern in modern period. UNIT – III: Population.41 Group – A Special Course Population Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Scope and content of Population Geography. type. affects. measures. in Developing and Developed Countries Practical (Total Marks: 100) . measures. Sources of Demographic data. sources of data. Concept. sources of data. pattern. Population Explosion. UNIT – II: Age-sex Structure of population in India.

Enrlich – Population. George W. United Nations. Mandal & V. Valentey 1977 – An outline theory of population. V. Kenneth Scott Latourette – The Chinese. Berelay –Techniques of Population analysis. Sinha. The determinants and consequences of population trends – United Nations. 1953 The Determinants and consequences of Population trends: United Nations. Monkhouse and Wilkinson – Maps and Diagrams.I: a) Measurement of density of population and its changes. III. Handbook of Population Census Methods – Vol. New Delhi. Ramdayal Singh – Population structure of Indian cities. 1953.II: Determination of change of population pressure by central tendency a) Mean centres of population and area b) Median centres of population and area UNIT . Recent trends and concepts in geography. Mitra – India’s Population. B. Berolay George W. B. S. Vol. B. Harrison Church – Africa and the Island. Inter India Publication. b) Trends of population growth. Anthony Sellery – Africa –A social geography. Garnier – Geography of Population. Bhattacharya – Population Geography of India. – Sati Geographical studies. I & II. R. R. Resources Environment. Gupta. J. P. References A. 1958. Tara Kanitkar and Asha Vende (1980) – Studies in Population. J. New York. – Advanced Practical Statistics. D. R. Perpilou – Human Geography. their history and culture.42 Course – O (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Practical Population Geography Full Marks: 50 UNIT . Garnier – Geography of Population. A. Paul.P. J.III: Measures of Age sex a) Fertility b) Mortality (Selecting five developed and five developing countries of the world) UNIT . Mahammod A.IV: Age-sex ratio of selected countries of the world and India. 1985. II. T. UNIT . A. New York. – Techniques of Population analysis. Vol. Ehrlich and Anne H.N. Time: Three Hours .

UNIT – II: Theories on urban land use structure. growth of modern cities. B.43 U. counter urbanisation and re-urbanisation. Group – B Special Course Urban Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Classification of urban settlements: Functional Classification of Urban Centres and the concept of Basic and Non-Basic Functions. UNIT – III: The Concept and Structure of the city Region. Course – M (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Urban Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Scope and content of Urban Geography and its changing nature. M. trends in urbanisation in the third world during the modern period with particular reference to India. Walter Fitzerland – Africa.B. Sharpe – Population theory in China. Urban Morphology with particular reference to Indian cities. Sinha and R. Mandal – Dimensions in Geography.D. UNIT – III: Concept of sub-urbanisation. Master planning and land use zoning. UNIT – IV: Size and spacing of cities with reference to rank-size relationships. P. E. Yuan Teen. Town Planning in India with specific Case Study. Course – N Group – A (Total Marks: 100) Special Course . UNIT – IV: Principles of urban planning and the major elements of a city plan. Physical Structure and Functions of the C. Impact of the city on its Countryside. Concept of Urban Field. definition of urban places. N. UNIT – II: Origin and growth of Pre-industrial cities: the ancient cities and the medieval cities. V.

& F. Exponential form. urban land value theory. . P. Beajeugarnier. Berry. L. city as an ecological unit. N. Associated problems and planning with particular reference to Indian cities. E. B. Pattern of rural-urban migration: its causes and impact. Practical Course – O (Total Marks: 100) (Total Marks: 100) Group – A Special Course Practical Urban Geography Full Marks: 50 UNIT – I: Analysis of breaking points and detour index. UNIT – III: Interpretation of Urban land values using time series data a) Preparation of spatial distribution maps. E. L. b) Trend analysis by fitting: i. P. UNIT – III: Solid waste Management: Types and various sources. and G. Straight line. J.Horton – Geographic Perspective on Urban Systems. b) Preparation of land use/land cover map using R.S. Urban land values: Factors determining urban land values.Urban Sociology.Kieve – Urban Land Use Economics. B. UNIT – IV: Slums.E. Noble & Dutt– Indian Urbanization and Planning Vehicles of Modernization. spatial structure of urban land values. & J. data. Time: Three Hours . References Abercrombie. J. Parabola of the second degree and iii. – Urban Development in India : Since Pre-Historic Times. – Town and Country Planning.44 Urban Geography Full Marks: 50 Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Demographic Characteristics of Urban Populations. UNIT – II: Analysis of Morphology of the Urban area a) Preparation of Thematic Map of Urban Land use. Balchin. Bhattacharya. ii. Bergel. urban renewal and urban sprawl in India. Chabot – Urban Geography. Allen. UNIT – IV: Testing Urban Rank size Rule & its applications. UNIT – II: Urbanisation and environmental problems problems. Sustainable development and cities: its needs and implications.

Group – B Full Marks: 50 Course . R. H. J. . Quinn.45 Bose. – The Urban Pattern. Ratcliffe. A. J. P. Maunder. Methods of delineation of Region. D. – Rural Migration in India. E. Taylor & Kettle – A Geography of Urban Places. S. UNIT – II: Regional Development strategies: Growth pole theory. – Urban Geography. P. B. Kohn – Readings in urban Geography. – Introduction to Town and Country Planning. Schnove – The Study of Urbanization. – Urban Sociology. P. L. S. Johnson. Drakakis. D. V.– Urban and Regional Planning. Carter. E. – Geography of Towns. – City and Region. Majumdar – Rural Migration in an Urban Setting. G. & Dasabkin – Land Policy & Urban Growth. G. R. – Urban Land Use Planning. Smailes. Rothblatt & D. Hegde. Gallion. Chapin.S. Darin. E. Sexena. H. M. & Eisner. N. Classification of region. Neo-populist regional development strategies: Market town as rural growth centre of EAJ Johnson. – Urban Geography. E. Regionalization and Regional Planning: Concept of region. W. – Urbanization in Newly Developing Countries. J. – The Pre-Industrial City. Breese. D. S. Singh. – Ancient and Medieval Town Planning in India. Northam. David & Smith – Urbanization in the Developing World. F. A. B. H. A. Mayer. Desai and Pillai – Slums and Urbanization. Dickinson. Indian Institute of Public Administration: Slum Clearance and Improvement. A. – Towns and Cities. J. – Planning for a Nation of Cities. Putnam. H. H. Jones. – Urban Geography. R. Hauser. F. G. Territorial Regional Planning and development from below. S. Whiteman – An approach to Urban Planning. Garr – Suburbia. Concept of Planning and Regional Planning. F. M. Breese.N Regional Planning and Development (General Course: Theory) Time: Two Hours UNIT – I: Region. Agropolitan development of Friendmann and Douglass. & D. W. Butler. Integrated regional development of Rondinelli & Ruddle. P. K. selective spatial closure of Stohr & Todtling. Schemes of Regionalization of India. & C. Clark.– Studies in India’s Urbanization. Centre for Urban Studies. – Urban Sociology. and L. Sjoberg. Godda. & I. Warner. Clark. (Ed) – The Ecology of Man. – The Study on Urban Geography. R.

N. at. Kabra K. et. Delhi. Mass.. Friedman J. P. Indian Council of Social Science Research: Survey of Research in Geography. Statistical Publishing Society. 4.K. Press. S. 13. Mundle S. Calcutta. et. M. 1961. . Cambridge.46 UNIT – III: Regional Disparity in India: Indicators of regional development. Mass. UNIT . 1969. N. G. Planning Commission: Third Five year Plan. Mysore. at. Delhi. 6. K. . – Indian Economy : The Regional dimension – Spectrum Publishers. – Regional Planning in India. Hutchinson & Co. Kundu A. al – Multi-level planning & Integrated Rural Development in India Heritage Publishers.– Regional Planning in India. – Studies in Block Level Planning. & Alonso W. New Delhi. – Planning process in a District. and Alonso. 10. 1986. Nangia.B. G. Misra R.(Publishers) Ltd. – Regional Development and Planning – A Reader. – Regional development Planning in India : A Strategy. 1980. 19. 1967. Government of India. New Delhi. N.Delhi.. 1974. 11. : Regional Disparities in Levels of Socio-Economic Development in Punjab. Press.District Planning in India : A Case study of Maharastra. AVARD – Block level planning. 14. University of Mysore. Ltd. – Regional Planning : Concepts. 12. V. 7. Vishal Publications. London. Cambridge. Popular Prakashan. W. Glikson. Kurukshetra. 8. Delhi. Target group and Target area approach. M. Sudesh. Gosal. 1983. Bhat L S. 1982. P. Rajesh Publication. . and Krishan.. References 1.An Introduction to Regional planning : Concept. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. 1972. 20. – District planning in India.K. Glasson J.. . & Puri V. : Regional Development Policy – A Case Study of Venezuela. Delhi. 18.Delhi Metropolitan Region . & Raza M.T.. Inamdar. 1955. Friedmann. Publishing. 1983. Misra R. Arthur : Regional Planning and Development. 2. et. 3. 16.I. 17. R. Allied Publishers Pvt. 1973. Delhi. 1966.Techniques and Policies. S. Ltd. Haryana. extent of inter state imbalances in India & policy measures to remove regional disparity. P.. Theory & Practice. Misra R. 5.I. Chand M. 1976. Aziz A. & Kshire. N. J. 9.1976. Bhat L. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. : Micro-Level Planning: A Case Study of Karnal Area.IV: Regional planning practices in India: District level planning and Block level planning. London. Netherlands Universities foundation for International Co-operation. 15. 1984.T. Chapter on Regional Imbalances in Development.. Bombay.

London. Ltd.. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. New Delhi. K. Course – O Group – B Full Marks: 50 Digital Thematic Mapping UNIT – I: UNIT – II: UNIT – III: Preparation of Choropleth Map by using Computer. 1988. Sundaram K. Concept Publishing Co. Preparation of Digital Thematic Map by using Statistical and Cartographic Techniques. Preparation of Chorochromatic (Mono and Multi) Map by using Computer. The report based on fieldwork (not exceeding a week and under the supervision of a teacher) should be well represented by suitable statistical techniques and cartographic methods.M (Gr.) – Geography and Planning. 22.) – Regional Development – Heritage Publishers.47 21. Ashish Publishing House. Prakasa Rao. – A & B) and Course – N (Gr. W. Delhi.S. . Raza M. – Urban and Regional Planning. 1985. V. (Marks: (Marks: 25) 75) (Total Marks: 100) (General Practical) Time: Three Hours . – A) Syllabus. Continuing Evaluation Course – P UNIT – I: UNIT – II: Comprehensive Viva Special Course Dissertation For all Special Courses Preparation of a Report containing at least 50 pages (including maps & diagrams) which will involve the application of any one of the topics of the concerned Special Course: Course . (Ed. Delhi.L.Regional economics. New Delhi. 1984. 24. 1977.. Essays in Honour of V. V. Rao Hemlata – Regional disparities and Development in India. 25. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. (Ed. 23.. Sundaram. 1969. N. Richardson. H.

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