Rincones 1 Kristen Rincones English 1301 (6) October 3, 2010 Research Paper Eating Disorders: A Mental Disorder or Influenced by Society

A controversial dispute is being discussed among many different societies. It is a serious subject that is being challenged everyday. This is the matter of eating disorders: if they are just mental disorders or if there are hidden contributing factors such as celebrities and the fashion industry. Many doctors and dieticians firmly state that eating disorders are caused by biology or mental health issues such as low self-esteem or obsessive compulsive disorder; however, others claim that the fashion industry has an established “ideal” look and size, causing younger generations to turn to bad eating habits. Both sides obtain solid evidentiary support. Anorexia nervosa is defined as an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight, and an obsessive fear of gaining weight (The Influences). Bulimia is nervosa defined as an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors (The Influences). Persons with these diseases or known of others that are affected, tend to relate the situation to our society. Others think the idea of blaming celebrities and designers for the amazing rise in eating disorders is silly. Some critics believe that it is just a mental disorder of some sort or a self-image problem. Either way, there is a logical reasoning for the increase of eating disorders, whether it is triggered by heretics or it is influenced. Natalie Vodianova is a 24 year-old model. She is approximately five feet and nine inches tall. She recently “explained how industry pressure caused her weight to plunge to 106 pounds” (Kiesbye). Vodianova, who has recovered, knew that 106 pounds was a frightening weight, especially for being quite tall. She was consumed by the pressures of her everyday life which almost ended her own. The

It is quite obvious from the previous example that his statement is true. Throughout the decades. may try to emulate. it is only imaginable to think about the people who aren’t in the industry and it is consuming. our own perception of what is beautiful and what is not has changed drastically. The so called “victims” of anorexia and bulimia have nothing but to turn to their own selves and their own mental state. Italy and Brazil." (The Fashion Industry). fashion officials adopted a new minimum body mass index. this argument is being talked among foreign countries. In another one of Kiesbye’s articles. The one’s who are constantly in the limelights have us eating out of the palm of their hands. where the death of a model from complications of anorexia in November [2006] set off a global weight debate” (Kiesbye). Although eating disorders and the media are increasing simultaneously.. Sensitive-avoidant disorder is defined as a social discomfort. The fashion industry shouldn’t be the one to blame. Spain. or worry (Eating Disorders). doctors have found that eating disorders might be biological or relates to personality traits. “Tougher actions have already been taken in Spain. The compulsive obsessive disorder is defined as an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness. and even very young girls. he states that eating disorders “involve the interplay of media pressure to be thin” (Kiesbye). Obviously that there is some acknowledgement to the extremities of fashion and their look (Kiesbye). Biologically. Today’s society is different from 15 years ago. say the fashion industry has gone too far in pushing a dangerously thin image that women. and fear of . "Psychologists and eating-disorder experts . As stated. It wasn’t a crime to be a size 6 instead a size 2. fear. In another one of Stefan Kiesbye’s articles. he discusses the opposing side. temperament is a large role in the diseases. apprehension. which it being the fashion society should not be to blame (Fashion is Not).. These personality traits are similar to obsessive compulsive disorder and sensitive-avoidant (Eating Disorders). Internet and television has become the main dish for our meal.Rincones 2 fashion industry consumed her. In Madrid. You weren’t called chubby if you went back for seconds.

just recognizing the valid points. Both these different personality types are more vulnerable or more likely to be given the trait of bad eating habits (Eating Disorders). They believe that fat is bad because of what they have been taught. Eating disorders can be prevented with the compliance of media and the help of medicine. It is proven that these “bad eating habits” are created from psychological. “People with eating disorders tend to be perfectionistic” (Eating Disorders). Young girls and even boys who are looking up to famous stars are socially and mentally overwhelmed. who could possibly be obtaining hereditary diseases.Rincones 3 negative evaluation (Eating Disorders). therefore. In their own minds they believe they are not adequate or good enough even though they are proven to be. While a majority of people believe that eating disorders are triggered and created from the fashion world. Even if it almost costs their life (Eating Disorders). Models that conform to fit into the social crowd or a size double zero are affecting others and causing more harm to their own health. As for the world wide controversy. Mentally. it will most likely stay as one of the most argued affairs. most people who have these atrocious diseases tend to take extreme measures. The previous disorders can also be categorized as psychological. models. They believe that thinner is healthier because of what they think they have learned. It is easy to say that celebrities. . and the practitioners of medicine have a duty to serve for the ones who are in desperate need of medical attention. There is no right or wrong belief. Both sides of the argument have rational information and are thoroughly supported with years of facts and studies. many doctors agree that it is also biologically based. It is self satisfactory they lack and their sense of identity is lost. They believe in their minds that thinnest is best. forcing it to be an “on-the-fence” subject. making both well-founded. and famous starlets have a responsibility to attain. biological and social factors.

2007." Anorexia. 12 Oct. Roman Espejo. 2010. Web. Barbara Wexler. Web." The Culture of Beauty. At Issue. Viqi Wagner. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. Opposing Viewpoints. Web." Weight in America: Obesity. Information Plus Reference Series. "The Fashion Industry Glamorizes Anorexia. 2010. Stefan Kiesbye. 2010. 7 Oct." Anorexia. 2010. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. At Issue. Stefan Kiesbye. "Fashion Is Not to Blame for Anorexia. and Other Health Risks." Anorexia. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. 2010.Rincones 4 Work Cited "Eating Disorders Have Multiple Complex Causes. 2010. 7 Oct. . 2010. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. "The Influences of Mental Health and Culture on Weight and Eating Disorders. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. Web. 2008 ed. Eating Disorders. 7 Oct. At Issue. Ed. Opposing Viewpoints. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 2010. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Detroit: Gale. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context." Eating Disorders. 2010 "The Fashion Industry May Be Linked to Poor Body Image and Eating Disorders. 7 Oct. 2009. "The Body Image Presented by the Media Promotes Disordered Eating. 2010. 7 Oct.

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