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1. ARTICLES: BASIC INFORMATION
1. Determiners Articles are members of a group of words called determiners, that are used before nouns. Other determiners are the possessives (my, your, etc); the demonstrative (this, that, these, those); any, some; Two determiners cannot usually be used together. So it is not possible, in English, to say *the my uncle or *the that man. We say either the uncle or my uncle, the man or that man, depending on the meaning. Note also that another begins with the article an, so we cannot say *the another (two articles cannot be used together). We say the other. 2. The use of articles The use of articles is complicated, because it depends on three different things. a) First of all, it makes a difference what kind of noun we are using. Articles are not used in the same way with singular countable nouns (like cat, bridge), with plural countable nouns (like cats, bridges) and with uncountable nouns (like water, rice). b) Secondly, we use articles in one way if we are talking about things in general (for example or the guitar, or life in general, or whisky), and we use them in a different way when we are talking about particular examples of these things (for example, an Englishman, or a guitar that we want to buy, or the life of Beethoven, or some whisky that we are drinking). c) Thirdly, when we are talking about particular examples, it depends whether these are definite or indefinite. If they are definite (in other words, if our hearer or reader knows exactly which ones we mean), we normally use the. If we are talking about indefinite things (which our hearer doesn't know anything about), we use articles differently (a, some, or no article).
2. ARTICLES: COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
* Countable nouns are words like cat, bridge, house, idea. We can count them (one cat, two houses, three ideas), so they can have plurals. The indefinite article a / an really means one, so we can use it with singular countable nouns (a house, an idea), but not with plurals.
cake. (Not: *. scissors). with different meanings or uses (e.a loaf bread..a clap of thunder. earth. information.) Water is made of hydrogen and oxygen... These words do not have plurals. I speak very good English. .. therefore. *two waters. travel. chocolate. progress. medicine.g. knowledge.a nice weather. a bowl of rice. hair.a spiders. luggage..a lump of sugar. .. English. (Not: *A water. These are things that we can divide (a drop of water. Can I have any more toast? Some expressions.) I need some information. .) My father's in very good health..a sheet of paper.a kilo / pound / etc. .a piece of information. an iron. (Not: *. . information. etc. chalk.) Uncountable nouns are words like water. None of these words.) She was wearing blue trousers.. rice.. energy. I've got an idea. toast. Note 1) A lot of words can be both countable and uncountable. milk. not in meaning).a pint / litre of beer. This is a list of English uncountable nouns which might lead foreign students into error: health. . toast. can be used with the indefinite article or take plural forms (news is a plural only in form. however. advice.a great deal of money.a slice of bread. coffee. etc. iron. 2 . a coffee). a piece of luck).a piece of advice. (Not: *. iron. but not count. furniture. It's nice weather.a spoonful of sugar. weather.) I live travel. luck. Can you give me some advice? (Or: . I'm afraid of spiders. can be used to quantify or divide uncountable nouns. advice.We live in a small house. etc. 2) Some plural words have no singular (e. . research. . .g. news. of flour.. Here follows a list of the most useful ones: . etc. trousers. The indefinite article a / an cannot be used with uncountable words. etc. etc.a blue trousers.. (Or: . water. furniture. You cannot say *one water..a piece of news. luck. enthusiasm.
When we use an article with a plural or uncountable noun.) She loves life. all music. Books are expensive. Do not leave out the article before the names of professions. I love music..to be doctor. or all literature) we usually use a plural or uncountable nouns with no article.. but not *cat. the cats.) 3 . Alice is studying to be a doctor.g. this).she loves everything in life. (All books. but singular uncountable nouns cannot. a /an singular countable plural countable uncountable the no article a cat the cat the cats the water cats water A very important point: singular countable nouns must always have an article (or another determiner like my. this cat my cat. (A very general idea .* The complete rules for the use of articles with countable and uncountable nouns are: A) a / an can only be used with singular countable nouns (a cat). There are some exceptions in expressions with prepositions like by car. We can say a cat. (A particular life). TALKING ABOUT THINGS IN GENERAL 1) When we want to talk about things in general (e. girls. in bed. B) the can be used with all kind of nouns (the cat. the cat. Carrots are my favourite vegetable. the water).) Move the books off the chair and sit down. the meaning is not general. Compare: He likes cars.he likes them all. water). C) Plural nouns and uncountable nouns can be used with no article (cats. but particular. (Not particular cars or girls . (Particular cars and girls.) He is studying the life of Beethoven. (Particular books. poetry and art.) The cars in the garage belong to the girls who live next door. (Not: *. food and drink.) 3.
Some expressions are 'half-general' . The whale is a mammal. I hate the telephone. A. Compare: eighteen-century art African butterflies the art of the eighteen century the butterflies of Africa 2) Another way of generalizing is to use a singular countable noun with an article. and space has no article when it means 'the empty space between the stars'.g.the middle between general and particular. A baby deer can stand as soon as it is born. This is common when we are talking about science and technology. The sentences would mean almost exactly the same if we used plural nouns with no article (e. If we talk about eighteen-century music or poverty in Britain. Man has just taken his first steps into space. We also talk about musical instruments in this way. articles are often used when the noun is followed by of. not a fish. Society turns people into criminals and then locks them up. In Heaven. I'd like to learn the guitar. here is rather like any. However. we are not talking about all music or all poverty. 3) We use the with a few adjectives to refer to general classes of people. Man's greatest discovery is the hot bath. but they are still rather general ideas (compared with the music we heard last night or the poverty that I grew up in). One should give children plenty of encouragement. the blind the rich the Irish 4 . A healthy society can tolerate a lot of criticism. We also talk about the cinema and the theatre as general ideas. In these 'half-general' expressions.) The definite article (the) is often used in generalizations with singular countable nouns. Galileo claimed that he had invented the telescope. I prefer the cinema to the theatre. we usually use no article. Miles Davis will play the trumpet every night. One should give a child plenty of encouragement. Most (when it means 'the majority of'') is used without an article. Most birds can fly.Note that society is usually used without an article when it means 'the society that we are living in'. The indefinite article (a / an) is often used in this way to talk about things in general.
(I mean my car.) How did you like the film? (The listener knows which film is meant. Shut the door! (It is obvious which one . please? I've got a headache. which girls etc we mean. With uncountable and plural nouns. We say the car.the listener does not know which one. TALKING ABOUT THINGS IN PARTICULAR: A / THE When we talk about particular thing (not things in general).if we talk about the sun. Shall we go and see a film? There's a letter for you. A sailor is a man who works is ships. If we say I met a friend of yours yesterday. With singular countable nouns. we do not use the. I've lost a button. which girls.) Those are the girls who live next door. 5 . stars . moon. it could also be any one of several .it could be any one of several pieces of bread. Would you like some cheese? I haven't got any problems. 2) Things can be particular (not general).'It's an adjustable spanner. or when we say what people or things are like.there is only one open.) I had trouble with the car this morning. and (ii) when we are telling him which car. etc in two cases: (i) when our listener already knows which car. it is the same (we mean all the stars). of course. In cases like these. 1) The has a 'definite' meaning. I think we've got mice. Could I have a p stamp. She's a doctor.4. but 'indefinite'. If we say Pass me a piece of bread or Let me buy you a drink. and when we say the stars. We need beer. We also use a / an when we say that a person or thing is a member of a particular class or group. any one of several kinds of drink. (The end of the sentence makes it clear which girls are meant. we express this 'indefinite' meaning by using either some / any or no article.) We use the with words like sun. the girls. etc we mean. it is obvious which one is meant (there is only one). we use a / an. 'What's that?' . the piece of bread or the drink are not definite .' You're a beautiful girl. there is an important difference between the articles.
some means 'I don't know about him / her / it. ANY OR NO ARTICLE 1) Uncountable and plural nouns can often be used either with some / any or with no article at all. without much difference of meaning. we will probably use an indefinite article (or some or no article with uncountables and plurals). it becomes definite (because now he knows which one we mean). indefinite or unknown numbers or quantities. The policeman didn't understand the question. and I'm not very interested.) We need beer. Would you like (some) cheese? Did you buy (any) screws? Some / any are mostly used when we are talking about uncertain.' They're original Russian icons. What's that?' . 5. In cases like these. butter. (The usual quantities. so he asked the man to repeat it. She's going out with some footballer. eggs.. some and any are not used. sugar.'It's petrol. Compare: You've got some great jazz records. There's some man at the door for you. But when we mention the same thing again. because our listener knows nothing about it.some beautiful toes would suggest an indefinite number. perhaps six or seven. His got some plan for changing the world.. rice and toilet paper.) 2) There is a special use of the strong form of some ([s m] ) with singular countable nouns. A man came up to a policeman and asked him a question. You're fools.) Is there any more beer in the fridge? (indefinite quantity. SOME.No article is used with uncountable and plural words in this case. You've got beautiful toes (. 3) When we mention something for the first time.' 6 .
Some and any compared some is used: . let me know.In offers and request.With questions when the answer 'yes' is expected.With affirmative sentences. NO AND NONE 1. Have you any money? Did you see any eagles? . barely.With hardly. If you have any difficulty.After if / whether. and in expressions of doubt. Would you like some wine? Could you do some typing for me? any is used: . No and none no (adjective) and none (pronoun) can be used with affirmative verbs to express a negative. They took some honey. I haven't any matches and Tom hasn't any either. . Can I have some coffee? Can you give me some information about interesting places? . I don't think there's any petrol in the tank. I took no photos = I didn't take any photos. 7 . 2. they are therefore an alternative to negative verb + any. I have no apples = I haven't any apples. .In negative sentences. Tom has none = Tom hasn't any. On the whole a negative verb + any is more usual than an affirmative verb + no / none. ANY.With questions except those noted above. scarcely (which are almost negatives). I have hardly any time. SOME. .6.
.3..g. from top to bottom. somebody. anybody. with hat and coat. no one. We say You can't get there without a car.without car. I'm going home) When the above expressions are used with articles they have special meanings. any and no someone. nothing Compounds with some. Does anyone know the time the concert starts? Do you want anything from the chemist's? Would anyone like a drink? 7. an article is normally necessary. However. arm in arm. to school at school from school in / to class to / at / from university / college / hospital / bed to / in / into / from church to / at sea at / from home at night to / in / into / out of prison to / at / from work to / in / from town for breakfast / at lunch / to dinner etc by car / bus / bicycle / plane / train / tube / boat on foot Note the use of home instead of *to home (e. articles are often dropped in double expressions with prepositions. day after day. Compare: He's in prison. ARTICLES: SPECIAL RULES AND EXCEPTIONS 1. nobody. an article is dropped after a preposition . not *. B: No one / Nobody has ever given me a free ticket for anything. Common expressions without articles In a number of common expressions. anything. inch by inch. A: Somebody / Someone gave me a ticket for a pop concert. any and no follow the rules in 2 and 3 above. Compounds with some. 8 . (perhaps as a visitor) When with or without is followed by a singular countable noun. on land and sea. like with knife and fork. anyone. something. (as a prisoner) He's in the prison.
Man and woman are exceptions: they can be used without articles. America's economic problems. All (the) eight students in the class passed the exam. Musical instruments We normally use the definite article in expressions like play the guitar. 6.. play chess. play football) 7. Note the difference in the use of articles between the languages of classical music and jazz / rock. John's coat. Articles are used in the expressions listen to the radio. the first noun's article is dropped. All and both Articles are sometimes dropped after all and both. a spot on the sun is a sun spot. Phil Collins on drums. Genitives (possessives) Articles are not normally used in genitive expressions when the first word is a proper name.2. Lessons in how to play the guitar are guitar lessons. 5.. with Eric Clapton on guitar. 9 . God created man and woman for each other. with Alfred Brendel at the piano. on television (or on TV). It's easier to write plays for television than for radio. we do not use articles. but not in watch television. 4. a whale). Nouns as adjectives When a noun is used as an adjective (before another noun). learn the piano. Radio and television When we talk about radio and television in general. Man and woman When we generalize with singular countable nouns. play the guitar. 3. compare play the piano. we normally use an article (the telephone. (The definite article is not used with the names of games. on the radio.
and we talk about them with no article. earache. Henry was made captain of the team. She's had appendicitisWe say a cold. all week. 8. Elizabeth II. Positions In certain constructions. 9. only one captain of the team. I think I've got measles. all winter. Numbers The indefinite article is used in a hundred. not the subject of the sentence (you cannot say *Chairman came to lunch. in summer or in the summer. The article is usually used in in the fall (US). seventy miles an hour. Illnesses The names of illnesses are usually uncountable. in British English. all summer. with no article) (ii) these are 'unique' positions there is only one Queen of England. the names of positions that people can occupy are used without articles. There is very little difference between the expressions with and without the article. a million. Note (i) the name of the position is the complement. 10 . We say a headache. We can say all year. Note the use of the article in expressions like sixty pence a pound. but not *all hour or *all century. all night. 11. a thousand. etc. I've been waiting for you all day.Both (the) children are good at maths. Seasons We can say spring or the spring. 10. They elected George chairman. forty hours a week. a billion. etc) are uncountable. etc. It'll cost about a hundred pounds. Queen of England. I've got a cold. with no article. all day. Mr Lewis was appointed chief clerk in 1968. but other aches (toothache.
etc. Geographical areas We often use the with the words country. or which mountains. the Ruhr. Exclamations We don't leave out a / an in exclamations after what. etc (Berkshire. even when we don't say which sea. the Gulf) rivers (the Rhine) deserts (the Sahara) hotels (the Grand Hotel) cinemas (the Odeon) theatres (the Albert Hall) We generally use no article with: continents (Africa) counties. 15. We say He's a doctor or I don't want to be a secretary. I love the mountains. but I hate the sea. departments. 14. Westphalia. 12. states. the Midwest. The Titanic. are meant. The Queen Mary. seaside and mountains. I'm going to the country for a week. Texas) towns (Oxford) streets (High Street) lakes (Lake Windermere) countries (Andorra. Place-names We usually use the with the following kinds of place-names: seas (the Atlantic) mountain groups (the Himalayas) island groups (the West Indies) areas (the Middle East. Ships The definite article is used in the names of ships. sea. Brazil) 11 . What a lovely dress! 13.Do not drop the indefinite article before the name of a profession or job in other cases.
But we use the with the names of European mountains if their name has an article in the local language: Das Matterhorn = The Matterhorn. pay phone bill. For instance: Newspaper headlines: MAN KILLED ON MOUNTAIN Titles in notices. Lists: Take car to garage. and its capital The Hague. ARTICLES: GOLDEN RULES If the rules for the use of articles seem to complicated.. Special Styles There are some styles in which articles are dropped. posters.. the car a car but not *car 3) Use a / an to say what people's professions or jobs are. Notes: In 17th century. Exception: the is not used before Mont(e): Le Mont Blanc is called Mont Blanc in English. 8.) Most mistakes with articles are made through breaking one of these rules. Snowdon). We do not usually use articles in expressions which refer to the principal buildings of a town: Oxford University Cambridge Polytechnic Westminster Abbey Salisbury Cathedral Bognor Town Hall Wigan Police Station Birmingham Airport Names of single mountains usually have no article (Everest.Exceptions: countries whose name contains a common noun (The People's Republic of China. The USA. La Meije = The Meije. buy buttons.) 2) Do not use singular countable nouns without articles. The United Kingdom of England. Life is hard. (Not: *The life is hard. Telegrams: WIFE ILL MUST CANCEL HOLIDAY Dictionary entries: palm inner surface of hand between wrist and fingers. Wales and Northern Ireland. RITZ HOTEL Instructions: Open packet at other end. etc: SUPER CINEMA. The USSR) Note also The Netherlands. 12 . balance of power between King and Nobles changed. 16. The United Arab Emirates. just remember these three: 1) Do not use the (with plural and uncountable nouns) to talk about things in general. Scotland. (Not: *She's bank manager. She's a bank manager.
.. 28..____ travel agent will give you information about ____ hotels...____ Mr Smith is ____ old customer and ____ honest man..When he was charged with ____ murder he said he had ____ alibi.. It's still in plaster. 2. 3.ARTICLES AND OTHER DETERMINERS: EXERCISES 1) Articles: a/an Insert a or an if necessary.____ man suffering from ____ shock should not be given anything to drink. 20.What ____ name to give ____ girl! 16.. 13 . 4. If it's ____ girl she's going to be called Etheldreda.You can pay by ____ cheque here. Anyway. I'm ____ self-employed man.Last time I had ____ nut cutlet I had ____ indigestion.. 15.I had ____ very bad night... 8.m. 10.. 17.....He looked at me with ____ horror when I explained that I was ____ double agent.____ few people know (hardly anyone knows) that there is ____ secret passage from this house to ____ old smuggler's cave in the cliffs. 23. I think I've got ____ cold. He was in ____ very bad temper.. 25.Then you're not ____ worker.If you go by ____ train you can have quite ____ comfortable journey.I have ____ headache and ____ sore throat.The escaping prisoner camped in ____ wood but he didn't light ____ fire because ____ smoke rising from the wood might attract ____ attention.I hope you have ____ lovely time and ____ good weather.Why do you say that? Has be been accused of ____ dishonesty? 13.I only have ____ half____ hour .. Why don't you get ____ screwdriver with ____ insulated handle? 11.We had ____ fish and ____ chips for ____ lunch. I'm trying to lose ____ weight.. 21. 26. 22..I'd love to.. 5... Are you insured against ____ fire? 29. I saw ____ dinosaur eating ____ meat pie in ____ London park.I had ____ amazing experience last night.I used to.I think you're getting ____ flu.. 1. by I'm afraid I'm going to ____ concert.. I'm going on ____ business.I have ____ hour and ____ half for lunch. you won't get ____ meat at his house. Would you like to come?.But I'm not going for _____ holiday.We'd better go by taxi-if we can get ____ taxi at such ____ hour as 2 a. 7.You'll get ____ shock if you touch ____ live wire with that screwdriver.You mean you had ____ nightmare.It costs fifty-five and ____ half pence and I've only got ____ fifty pence piece.My neighbour is ____ photographer. but now I'm on ____ diet. 30.I'm not ____ wage-earner.. You haven't had ____ day off for ____ month. 18.I want ____ assistant with ____ knowledge of French and ____ experience of ____ office routine..He is ____ vegetarian. 9.. I didn't sleep ____ wink. 19. He wants to make ____ complaint about ____ article in the paper..I'm having ____ few friends in to ____ coffee tomorrow evening. He'll give you ____ nut cutlet.____ Mr Jones called while you were out (neither of us know this man). I have ____ business of my own. 24...barely ____ time for _____ smoke and ____ cup of coffee.Do you take ____ sugar in ____ coffee?.It's time you had ____ holiday...____ person who suffers from ____ claustrophobia has ____ dread of being confined in ____ small space. dinosaurs didn't eat ____ meat.. 27. you're ____ capitalist! 14..He broke ____ leg in ____ skiing accident..____ friend of mine is expecting ____ baby. let's ask him for ____ advice about colour films..000! I have ____ horror of heights.But can I write ____ cheque for fifty-five and ____ half pence? 12.I see that your house is built of ____ wood.I wouldn't climb ____ mountain for £1. 6.. and would always prefer ____ stairs to ____ lift..
When ____ six months are over he'll released.____ family hotels are ____ hotels which welcome ____ parents and ____ children.. _____ winter and _____ summer. when ____ tide is coming in. 11... 20. When you go to ____ bed... puts on ____ old clothes.. 22.. 19.We have a very good train service from here to ____ city centre and most people go to ____ work by train. 32. has ____ breakfast and starts ____ work in ____ garden...He was sent to ____ prison for ____ six months for ____ shop-lifting. she loves ____ tea parties and ____ gossip.My parents have ____ cold meat and ____ salad for ____ supper.No.During ____ meal he talks about ____ garden and she tells him ____ village gossip.. but most of them will probably end up in ____ less dramatic jobs. ____ captain ordered _____ crew to help ____ passengers into ____ boats. 3. 34.Do you mean ____ Mr Smith who works in ____ box office or ____ other Mr Smith? 24.31.Would it be ____ trouble to you to buy me _____ newspaper on your way home? 36.____ ballet isn't much use for ____ girls. but here. 18.. yet ____ chemist will sell it to you without ____ prescription.Ann's habit of riding a motorcycle up and down ____ road early in ____ morning annoyed ____ neighbours and in ____ end they took her to ____ court. 25. 26.I'll pay you ____ hundred ____ week.. let's have ____ dinner in ____ restaurant.. 33. 4..____ youngest boy has just started going to ____ school. It's not ____ enormous salary but after all your are ____ completely unskilled man..Have you rung ____ hospital to ask how he is? 12.____ dead no longer need _____ help. it is better to be able to play ____ piano.My little boys say that they want to be ____ spacemen. We must build ____ houses and ____ schools and ____ playgrounds. 13.____ man is ____ reasoning animal. 9. 23. There's a telephone box just round ____ corner. and in ____ afternoon goes to visit ____ friends. so as well as learning ____ navigation he had to learn _____ Swedish.. 28.When ____ Titanic was crossing ____ Atlantic she struck and iceberg which tore a huge hole in her bow... 8. 16.It's usually safe to walk on ____ sand..If you kept ____ graph you could see at ____ glance whether you were making ____ profit or ____ loss.. I expect they'll send him home at ____ end of ____ week.. When ____ wind blows..He first went to ____ sea in a Swedish ship. We must concern ourselves with ____ living..Then it isn't ____ time to go yet.Yes. 1.On ____ Sundays my father stays in ____ bed till ten o'clock. ____ children spend ____ day on ____ beach and ____ poor mothers spend ____ most of ____ time doing ____ cooking and cleaning.I'd like to see ____ Mr Smith please.. 15. 10. I came by ____ sea.I persuaded her to let Ann give up ____ gymnastics and take ____ ballet lessons instead.I went to ____ school to talk to ____ headmistress. but you can't get a season ticket on ____ bus.____ most of ____ stories that ____ people tell about ____ Irish aren't true._____ little (hardly anything) is known about the effect of this drug.Do you go to ____ prison to visit him? 7. reading ____ Sunday papers..He got ____ bronchitis and was taken to ____ hospital. 2.Then he gets up. I had a lovely voyage on ____ Queen Elizabeth II. 14 .Did you come by ____ air?....Do you know ____ time?...My mother goes to ____ church in ____ morning.. ____ sand becomes dangerously soft ____ people have been swallowed up by it. 6. 17. of course. I go to ____ work.. ____ cats can see in ____ dark.. 35.She lives on ____ top floor of an old house... ____ men hire boats and go for ____ trips along ____ coast.Peter's at ____ office but you could get him on ____ phone. 5.. You can go by ____ bus too.____ married couples with children ____ often rent cottages by ____ seaside for ____ summer holidays..I am on ____ night duty. 2) Articles: the Insert the if necessary. 27. 21. ____ difficulty then will be to find ____ work. all ____ windows rattle. ____ eldest boy is at ____ college. 14..____ darkness doesn't worry ____ cats.I have ____ little money left. ____ clock in ____ hall has just struck nine.Like many women.
____ young people want ____ change but ____ old people want ____ things to stay ____ same.I said in _____ surprise that ____ meter readers usually put ____ readings down in ____ book. I lent him ____ torch.. and Mr Smith.. 14. they aren't ____ cousins. 'As ____ matter of ____ fact..There isn't ____ body. is for sale.He said he was ____ employee of ____ gas company and had come to read ____ meter.I don't know what ____ price ____ owners are asking.. I opened it and found ____ small dark man in ____ blue overcoat and ____ woollen cap.To prevent ____ possible repetitions of this accident.Then how do you know there's been ____ murder? 19. 12. 18. We followed ____ car in front of us and hoped that we were going ____ right way...But I had ____ suspicion that he wasn't speaking ____ truth because ____ meter readers usually wear ____ peaked caps. 11. 4. On ____ Monday ____ post didn't come because ____ roads were blocked by ____ fallen trees.____ postman's little boy says that he'd rather be ____ dentist than ____ doctor. You could give them ____ ring and make them ____ offer. but I know it was ____ Sunday because everybody was at ____ church. 34..However.'Mr Smith was holding ____ lighted match at ____ time of ____ explosion... It's quite ____ nice house with ____ big rooms.. ____ house next door to us. 32.____ people think that ____ lead is heaviest metal.. '____ rack is only for ____ light articles... or to use ____ wood as ____ fuel or as ____ building material. But Dry and Rot are ____ agents.... and ____ moment he left ____ house I rang ____ police. 1.____ windows are supposed to let in ____ light. 7. was burnt in ____ face. because ____ dentists don't get called out at ____ night...But ____ interference with ____ nature often brings ____ disaster.. ____ back windows look out on ____ park. 13. 36.Peter thinks that this is quite ____ cheap restaurant.He said that he had ____ book but that it had been burnt in ____ fire in _____ Mr Smith's house..He said.Fog was so thick that we couldn't see ____ side of ____ road.' 9.____ power tends to corrupt and ____ absolute power corrupts absolutely. 31.Number ____ hundred and two.There was ____ knock on ____ door. but ____ windows of this house are so small that we have ____ electric light on all ____ time...By this time I had come to ____ conclusion that he wasn't ____ genuine meter reader. 20. they are ____ brother and _____ sister. but you cannot fool ____ all ____ time. 3.Everywhere ____ man has cut down _____ forests in order to cultivate ____ ground. he said he disliked ____ torches and always read ____ meters by ____ light of ____ match. 15. the Insert a.. 10. ____ owner of ____ house.an or the if necessary.I remarked that if there was ____ leak in ____ gaspipe there might be ____ explosion while he was reading ____ meter. 6.He switched on ____ torch. 15 .I asked if he had ____ torch.. 30. 2. there was ____ explosion in ____ last house I visited. ____ tree-felling sometimes turns ____ fertile land into a dustbowl..29. 21. and all ____ people some of ____ time.There'll always be a conflict between ____ old and ____ young... 35. 3) Articles: a/an. read ____ meter and wrote ____ reading down on ____ back of ____ envelope. I took him to ____ meter.. but ____ gold is heavier.Are John and Mary ____ cousins?..You can fool some of ____ people all ____ time.' 8. 17. 5.' 33...No.Where's ____ body?. which is in _____ dark corner under ____ stairs ( ____ meters are usually in ____ dark corners under ____ stairs).I can't remember ____ exact date of ____ storm.Our air hostess said. 16.There's been ____ murder here. ____ heavy things such as ____ bottles must be put on ____ floor.
33. 28.What is ____ natural frontier between Spain and France called?.... 'I'll go on looking just ____ same.. asked him why he refused to talk to ____ press. any and compounds.I saw hardly ____ one I knew at the party.No. and I didn't get ____ thing to drink. 4) some. ____ Irishman and ____ Scotsman?.She wanted ____ stamps but there weren't ____ in the machine. 29..One morning she rang her daughter in ____ triumph. 23.. 'and he was quite ____young man.... She also took ____ precaution of looking under _____ bed to see if ____ burglar was hiding there. 25.Is there ____ one here who speaks Italian? 5. 40.. 30. 36. will you grind ____? 4..____ Professor Jones..Would you like to hear ____ story about ____ Englishman.____ more I know him ____ less I like his ways...____ African elephants are bigger than ____ elephants in India.22. 39.g. somehow. 9. ____ witnesses say that _____ car was going at ____ seventy miles ____ hour.There's ____ gin in the cupboard but there aren't ____ glasses.It is ____ pleasure to do ____ business with such ____ efficient organization....There was ____ collision between ____ car and ____ cyclist at ____ crossroads near ____ my house early in ____ morning.. 16 .He lives in ____ small street just off Trafalgar Avenue.But mine is not ____ typical story...____ day after ____ day passed without ____ news..____ one I know told me ____ of the details.'____ modern burglars don't hide under ____ beds. 42. 27.We can go by ____ car if you wash ____ car first.... 43. _____ student in _____ professor's college. if it's ____ fantastic story I'll listen with ____ pleasure.My aunt lived on ____ ground floor of ____ old house on ____ River Thames. e. 1. you'll go to ____ Heaven.We're going to ____ tea with ____ Smiths today..____ blood is thicker than ____ water.They can't have ____ more strawberries. 41.' 35. In my story ____ Scotsman is generous. somebody...Just as ____ air hostess (there was only one on the plane) was handing me ____ cup of ____ coffee ____ plane gave ____ lurch and ____ coffee went all over ____ person on ____ other side of ____ gangway.Oh. 32. 7. Insert some or any. 34. ____ cyclist was taken to ____ hospital with ____ concussion. 45.' said her daughter. but he has visited a lot of ____ churches to see ____ paintings. I want ____ to make jam.. making the appropriate compounds if necessary. I've heard _____ stories about ____ Englishmen. 3. aren't we? Shall we take ____ car?.Have you ____ idea who could have borrowed your bicycle? 10.____ circuits they are using in the design of ____ computers of ____ last generation are ____ size of ____ hair. 2.. 38.Peter Piper.' she said.____ Pyrenees. _____ man who discovered ____ new drug that everyone is talking about.. _____ driver of the car was treated for ____ shock. refused to give ____ press conference. 26. 6.I'd like to buy ____ new clothes but I haven't ____ money. 44. 37.I'm afraid there isn't ____ coffee left. 24. She was very much afraid of ____ burglars and always locked up ____ house very carefully before she went to ____ bed.I've never seen such ____ beautiful hair in ____ woman. ____ Irishmen and _____ Scotsmen before and they are all ____ same.He never goes to ____ church in order to attend ____ Mass.It was ____ windy morning but they hired ____ boat and went for ____ sail along ____ coast. 31.' said my aunt.He got ____ job in ____ south and spent ____ next two years doing ____ work he really enjoyed. These are forty pence ____ pound.... In _____ afternoon ____ wind increased and they soon found themselves in ____ difficulties. ____ Irishman is logical and ____ Englishman is romantic. and we began to lose ____ hope. We can't go to ____ Mrs Smith's in ____ car all covered with ____ mud. It's called ____ Plantagenet Street. 8.There's ____ milk in that jug..____ apples are sold by ____ pound. anything. 'I found ____ burglar under ____ bed ____ last night.If you are ____ good boy..
33.____ one who believes what Jack says is a fool. 22. 20. 25.. It requires a mathematician....Where shall we sit?.. 17. Would you like to borrow ____ of mine? 26. 24..Oh.Haven't you got ____ friends in Rome? I feel sure you mentioned them once..Come and have supper with us if you aren't doing ____ thing tonight..____ one can tell you how to get there..11.. 21...) 27. 32. 28. 35. 16.. has _____ thing upset you? 18.Would you like ____ thing to drink? There's ____ very good beer in the fridge... He lives _____ where in France now.Will you have ____ pudding or ____ fruit? 23. 19.____ day would suit me. I'm too busy to see ____ body.I ____ how imagined the house would be much larger.Is there ____ one moving about downstairs? I heard ____ thing falling.All the salaries are being paid much later now. ____ where will do. 14.I can't see my glasses ____ where.Haven't you got _____ friends here? You should join a club and get to know people..We didn't think he'd succeed but he managed _____ how... it's ____ thing to do with the computer..She put her handbag down ____ where and now she can't find it.Scarcely ____ one was wearing a dinner jacket.You can't expect just ____ student to solve the problem. (Everyone knows the way.You're looking very miserable.____ thing tells me you've got ____ bad news for me.I see you haven't _____ maps. 34.. 30. 12. 15.He's not very well known here but he's ____ one (an important person) in his own country..When would you like to come?. 36....Don't let ____ one in.If you had ____ sense you wouldn't leave your car unlocked. 17 .Is there ____ living in that house? It looks deserted.Are there ____ letters for me? 13. 29.. 31.