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THIS LEAFLET MUST NOT FALL INTO ENEMY HANDS
D. OF A. (INDIA), JAPANESE AMMUNITION LEAFLETS

SECTION
LEAFLET

B

B 11

AMMUNITION FOR 13-mm. TYPE 2 AND 13·2-mm. TYPE 3 MACHINE GUNS
The following American Beporb" with slight alterations to suit printing facilities is reproduced. When actual ammunition is received, a more detailed J. A. L. will be issued *1\1. ~~~Y22~3~4r 137, if necessary. None of this ammunition has been received at Kirkco and Received in Kirkee SO far as is known this calibre has not yet been used in the Burma theatre.
on 2B-4-4::'.
I

"Ammunitiqn for two types of 13 mm. Naval machine guns was recovered on Olark Field, Luzon. One type of ammunition is exactly 13 mm. and, is an entirely new type. The other is 13·2 mm. and similar to known ammunition for the Type 93 A.A. gun. The 13 mm, is labelled for a Type 2, the 13 ~~ mm , for a Type 3 gun. There is documentary evidence of a Type '2 flexible and a Type 3 fixed aircraft machine gun. Neither have yet been recovered.

AMMUNITION

fOR TYPE 2 GUN (13 mm.)
2640 ft/sec. 900 rds/min. 37·6 .lbs. and incendiary .. The last two rounds are

Documentary data on this gun is as follows:Muzzle Velocity Rate of fire Weight The ammunition recovered is' tracer, H.E.-tracer, fuzed; the tracer has a dummy fuze,

.Projectiles
1. All projectiles are fixed in the cases by three crimps at the cannelure, the junction is coated with a clear lacquer. Exterior dimensions are the same, Each has a smooth rotating band with a forward slope. The ogive starts at the bourrelet and is completed by the fuze.

(a) TRACER PROJECTILE
This projectile has a dummy hollow f.uze ~nd. an empty forward cavity. filled with yellow tracer compound. Burning time IS 4-1/2 seconds, The base cavity is

(b) H. E.-TRACER

PROJECTILE Below the gaine the forward cavity is filled with pentolite.

This projectile has a fuze and gaine. The base cavity contains yellow tracer. (c) INCENDIARY PROJECTILE

The entire explosive cavity below the gaine is filled with a canister containing cast white phosphorus. This is similar in shape to the cannister used in the 25 mm. incendiary round. The gaine presumably is sufficient to crack the case and cannister thus igniting the phosphorus. S 243

.,ROJECTILE DATA
Overall length without fuze Diameter at bourrelet Diameter of 'body Diameter of rotating band lip Wall thickness of body Distance from bourrelet to nose Distance from band to base Width of band Weight of projectile empty;Tracer H. E. 'I'racer Incendiary Weight of fillings ;Tracer, tracer charge H. E. Tracer, H. E. Charge Incendiary, incendiary charge Threads of fuze pocket ;Per inch Outside diameter of threads length of threaded portion 1·583 ins.

·512 "

"
"

..-,

'·535 .094 .402 ·394 .197

"

"
"
"

...

419·8 grains.

37~·6 "
375·0 "
,t

12·4 23·1
38·6

" "

32 U. S.'std. ·346 ins. ·283

"

Case and Propellant
. 2. ,rr~e ca~e is brass of th,c reduced r~m type similar to the Type 99, 20 111m.ammunition. primer is identical to the pruner used m that case. (Usual Berdan Type S, A. A. Cap.]. propellant is graphited fine cylindrical grains of smokeless powder. Analyst~ was notavailable. Th€ The

CASE DATA
Weight of case Weight of propellant Length overall Length of neck Length of body Length of base , Exterior diameter of neck Exterior diameter of upper shoulder Exterior Exterior Exterior diameter diameter diameter of lower shoulder of extractor of base groove 492·2 grains. 114·2 " 2.480 ins .

...

·472 " 1·772

.

·236 .343 ·441 ·709

"

n

"

"
"

·551 ·673

"

"

Fuze
3. The fuze is an air column type. It is made in one piece of brass. The gaine is a Iigh] alloy and threads into the fuze with a right hand thread. It contains i:1 primer over a lead azide core imbedded in PETN. On impact the nose crushes the closing disc compressing the ail' in ,the column and producing enough heat and pressure to detonate the primer.

3
FUZE DATA
Weight of fuze complete Weight of gains complete Weight of explosive 61·7 grains. 12 ··ti 6·2' " "

Color and Mar:kings
4. The projectiles follow the color code of the Type 99 20 .mm. aircraft ammunition without; the system of white bauds. The tracer round is red, the H. E.-tracer red with a 5·0 mm. brown band immediately forward of rotating band, and the incendiary round yellow. The dummy fuze in the tracer is red too. The fuzes are unpainted except for. the closing disc which is red. There are no markings on the fuze, proj ectile, or case. The primers are sealed with bla ck lacquer in all rounds, but this is without significance as to type of round.

AMMUNIT~ON FOR THE TYPE 3 GUN (13"2 mm.}
According to documents this hut fixed A. 0, M, G. representing calibre Browning A. O. M. G. statistics are;,
UJ

mod ificabion of U. S.-~12· gO

Muzzle velocity 2,600 H/sec. BOOrds/min. Rate of fire The ammunition appears to be the same design as the ammunit.ion for the type 9;3 A. A. gun. The rounds recovered are tracer-ball, A. P., and H. E. I. All are Iuzeless. The A. P, and tracerball projectile appear identical with the projectiles for the 'I'ypc va gun.

Projectiles.
1. Tho, projectiles arc of tho copper-jacketed type. They have a long ogive, a relatively shallow single cannelure and a boat-t ailed base. The case is secured by three short crimps.

'I'his projectile has a mild-steel 001'0 chilled at the base for the tracer. filled flush with the base. n h<18an 8-second orange tracer. (b) A. P. This consists (c) H. E. I. of a hardened steel core with a specially hardened

The trucercavity

is.. not

point and a lead cap.

This round has a slightly flattened tip. Immediately a.ft of this is a chargo of f'E~rrN. A copper section separates this from <111 incendiary charge of dark gr&y metallic powder. The base has <1 core of mild steel filled with lead. ....
~_"""'i-=:«'AW:M._

PROJECTILE =w_ DATA: ==.
......

44=>, .....

Overa111ength ;Tracer-ball A.P. H.E.I. Maximum diameter Distance from maximum

-2.441 inches.

2·284 2·441
·520 diameter to base

"

.422

" "
"

VI eight

of projectile empty;-

Tracer-ball A. P.

691·4 grains. 799·4

H. E. I.

....

683·7

"
"

4
Weight of fillings-\Tracer H,E.I.:PETN Incendiary mixture

3·09 grains.

...
Case and Propellant

'"

10·8

24.7

"

"

2. The case is rimless brass. The primer is the same as that used in the 13 mm. case. The propellant cons.ists of small graphited cylindrical grains, larger than the 13 mm, propellant.

CASE DATA
Weight of case Weight of propellant Length overall Length of neck Length of body Length of base Exterior Exterior Exterior Exterior Exterior diameter of neck diameter diameter diameter diameter of upper shoulder of lower shoulder of extracter of base groove

'814 ·9 grains.
200·6 3·898 ·787 , 2·855 ·256 ·571 ·729 ·8~7 ·669 ·795 ins.

" "

"

" " " "

"

"
The regular

Color and Markings
3. The only color marking is the color of t.he lacquer used to seal the primer. aircraft ammunition code is used. Tracer- ball Red '(designated tracer by the Japanese). A. P. White. Yellow (designated incendiary by the Japanese},

H.E.I.
There are no other markings".

NOTE BY C. I. AMN.; KIRKEE
'I'his report clarifies the p.osition considerably in regard to 13-mm .. and 13·2-1nm. ammunition, see J, A. L. B. 1, para. 16 and sheet 4 of Summary. It seems clear now:, / (a) That the Type '93 A.A.jA.T. gun and its ammunition is known as l3·2-mm., similar 13·2-mm. ammunition described in the report above being used in the Type 3 Machine Gun. (b) An entirely different size of cartridge being used in the Type 2 A. O. Machine Gun and known as l3-mm. This is a new type of ammunition with a belted cartridge, of which we have had no definite .information previously. (c) That the type 3 Gun may be an improved version of the Type '93 A.A.jA.T. Gun designed to take the same l3'2-mm. ammunition, while the Type 2 Gun is a new design, taking entirely different amm unition, for use as an aircraft cannon.

O.

r. Amn.,
Kirkee,

First ISSUe, 16th' June'1945.

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