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• The Engaged & Enraged Artist • Nature • Supernatural, demonic; dreams & madness • exoticism • “ancient” (Medieval –– not Greek) - rejection of Classicism & Renaissance

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• THE ARTIST APART FROM SOCIETY • THE ARTIST AS SOCIAL CRITIC/REVOLUTIONARY • THE ARTIST AS GENIUS ARE WE NOT STILL IN THE ROMANTIC ERA?
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Etching Political communication

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• peaceful, restorative, an escape; The Picturesque • awesome, powerful, horrifying, overwhelming, indifferent to to the fate of humans; The Sublime • the language of God (edited)
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text p. 338

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Constable

Turner

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The Raft of the Medusa by Gericault 1819

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• ghosts, fairies, witches, demons, etc. • the shadows of the mind – dreams & madness • reaction to Rationalism? (1st witch scare during the Renaissance) – the escape from Reason

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Theodore Gericault Mad Woman with a Mania of Envy 1822-23

Study of the insane

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Goya The Lunatics

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• the sexy Other • psychological/moral justification of imperialism? • England is exotic to the Italians, Italy exotic to the English! • a sense of escape?

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Portrait of a Negress Marie Guillemine Benoist, 1800

Political comment on the rights of women?

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• Gothic & Romanesque revival • free mixture of stylistic elements • Gothic verticality & asymmetry
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The most influential collapsed building? aka “Beckford’s folly”
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• The Engaged & Enraged Artist • Nature • Supernatural, demonic • exoticism • “ancient” (Medieval or folk –– not Greek) - rejection of Classicism & Renaissance

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Engaged & enraged: political critique

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NATURE: The Picturesque

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NATURE: The Sublime

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The escape from REASON

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EXOTICISM: another escape from Reason

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The escape from Reason, Part 3: REVIVAL OF THE PRE-RENAISSANCE PAST

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