Dr. Linda M. Tayona OIC, Office of the University Librarian
To whom it may concern, Greetings of Peace! I am Maria Eloisa M. Fetalvero of section II-16 BSE History and I write to your kind office for a matter. I was worried to have known that I can¶t have my library card for this academic year because I have lost my previous one. I had thrown it when I cleaned my room last vacation , not knowing that it is still needed. Ma¶am what do you think is the best for me to do in order to be issued by another one for this year? In line with matter, I am looking forward that you would give a little bit attention to my concern. Thank you very much.
Respectfully yours, Maria Eloisa M. Fetalvero
He declares that his History will not be so entertaining as some others (such as Homer and Herodotus). He spent the rest of the War collecting evidence and talking with participants in the various actions. even greater than the Trojan War and the Persian Wars. was probably in his late twenties at the time the War began. Thucydides follows this with an account of the disastrous Athenian attempt to conquer the huge and resilient island of Sicily. and in other artwork. The Greeks blended the traditional Egyptian styles with contemporary Hellenistic styles in these edifices. and of the Ptolemies themselves. Thucydides begins his history by explaining why he thinks that this War is the greatest in which the Greeks were ever involved. he realized its importance from the start and began to plan to write its history. the Roman emperors . They established the national cults of Serapis. but also how rapidly both can degenerate under stress. He analyzes the events of this War. After her lover Mark Antony lost the battle of Actium to Octavian. then shapes his presentation to emphasize that truth. since events similar to those of the past will certainly recur in the future because human nature is unchanging. in order to enable future generations to understand the causes and progress of future wars. He then explains the principles upon which he evaluates evidence. as did their successors. Greek became the official language of the government. The Egyptians willfully accepted him as pharaoh because he adopted the Egyptian kingship and religion. a loss which. Compare this with the principles expressed in the Funeral Oration. Cleopatra committed suicide and Egypt became
. Thucydides sees how impressive human nature and life can be at their best. recorded almost all he heard. Among other building projects. In 424 he was elected one of the Athenian generals. the Egyptians were unsettled with Greek rule and often revolted. Partly to make his audience feel that their sacrifices are worthwhile. The well-known Cleopatra VII was the last of the Ptolemaic rulers and the only Ptolemy to know how to speak Egyptian. an Athenian aristocrat. Throughout most of Ptolemaic rule. he gathers all available evidence. and Idfu. Likewise. The Melian Controversy gives the Athenian reasons for attacking the small island of Melos in 416. though not necessarily to prevent them. whether he believed it himself or not. which became the new capital of Egypt.. the Ptolemies combined Egyptian and Greek religion. making them say bluntly that those who are powerful need have no regard for justice. We see everything through his eyes. all of which are outlined in your textbook. her freedom and democracy. Next Thucydides explains the immediate causes of the War and gives an account of embassies and debates just before the War and the events of the first year (431). his basic perspective is that human nature is the basic cause of historical events (Thucydides attributes no historical event to either the gods or to fate). and his views on the forces which shape human events emerge on every page. Thucydides stands at the other pole. decides what he thinks is the truth.C. thus ending unwanted Persian rule.Thucydides. of Arsinoe II. while local administration remained in Egyptian hands. Pericles explains the nature of Athens's greatness. Upon Alexander's death. according to Thucydides. Then he inserts the Funeral Oration given by the Athenian leader Pericles over the bodies of those who had died fighting for Athens. Religiously. and for failing to prevent the loss of an important city to the Spartans was exiled from Athens. Ptolemy I Soter. was still used by the majority of the Egyptians and used in lesser administrative offices. human rights. spelled the end of Athenian power.
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 B. Herodotus. or the gods. but instead be a rational analysis that will be useful to those who wish to understand the way things happen. writing a few decades earlier than Thucydides. high officials were Greek. who began a line of monarchs who ruled Egypt for the next 275 years. They continued to build many traditional temples all over Egypt. Demotic. however. including Philae. Dandarah. he tells us. Alexander laid the foundations of a new city called Alexandria on the Mediterranean Coast. control of Egypt fell to one of his generals.
most power fell into the hands of the Egyptians. heavily increasing its yield and establishing many towns in that region. Egyptian temples continued to be decorated in the traditional Egyptian style throughout the Roman period .simply another province of the Roman Empire. The Ptolemies had exploited the Fayyum for food.
. by exacting heavy taxes from the people mainly in the form of grain. Latin was hardly used at all. as Coptic began to replace it. however. Egypt was at the center of a vast network of international trade that stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to India. While Romans filled the upper levels of the administration in Egypt. turning Egypt into the breadbasket of the Roman Empire. Meanwhile. The Romans took advantage of this. a steady decline of Egyptian cults as more and more Egyptians accepted Christianity. But more importantly. The use of the demotic script dwindled. Greek continued to be used for administrative purposes. There was. City councils were in charge of local administration.